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James Murray Hadden.

Hadden's journal and orderly books. A journal kept in Canada and upon Burgoyne's campaign in 1776 and 1777 online

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FAC-SIMILE OF THE FIRST PAQE OF HADDEN'S JOUHNAL.



C)a&bcn'0 Imtmal anb ©rbcrlij iBooka,



JOURNAL KEPT IN CANADA

AND

UPON BURGOYNE'S CAMPAIGN

IN 1776 AND 1777, BY

LIEUT. JAMES Mh^'HADDEN, Roy. Art.



Orders kept by him and issued by Sir Guy Carleton, Lieut.

General John Burgoyne and Major General

William Phillips, in 1776, 1777 and 1778.



S



WITH AN explanatory CHAPTER AND NOTES BY

HORATIO ROGERS,

Brigadier General U. S. V., and formerly Colonel Second Rhode Island
Infantry ; Member of the American Antiquarian Society, and
Author of Fri-vate Libraries of Pro'vidence.




ALBANY, N. Y.



t- TjJEL MUNSELL'S SONS, 82 STATE ST.
O 03:



M. DCCC. LXXXIV.




TO



the enthusiastic Burgoyne-student^

but for whose unfailing interest and urgent
zeal this volume would probably never
have been published, the work, now
completed, and in print, is affec-
tionately dedicated by his
old College friend,
the Editor.



ERRATA.

Page,
lii. For John Watson Powell, read Henry Watson Powell.

367. For 3d Earl of Chesterfield, read /^.th Earl of Chesterfield.

468. For 113th, or Royal Highland Volunteers, read 113th, or Royal Highlanders.



CONTENTS.

Page.

Preface, - - - - - ix

Calendar for 1776, - - - xv

Calendar for 1777, -..____ xvi

Authorities, - - - - xvii

An Explanatory Chapter, by the Editor, xxxv

Hadden's Journal, - - - - i

Hadden's Orderly Books, - - - _ 167

Appendix, - - - .__ ^^^

Index, - - - - - ^6^



MAPS, ETC., IN FAC-SIMILE.



♦•♦



On, or to face
First page of Hadden's Journal, - - - Title

Sketch of the action on Lake Champlain, 1 1

Oct., 1776, - - _-.. 23

Lake Champlain about Crown Point, - 33

British Gun Boat, - -____ ^5

Ticonderoga and its vicinity, - - - - 83

Country between Lake Champlain and Still-
water, including Lake George, - - - 90
Burgoyne's Order of March, Sept. 17,

"^111^ - - - - - j^2

Eurgoyne's Order of March, Sept. 19,

nil^ - - - - - 164

Burgoyne'sOrder of Battle Sept. 19, 1777. 164



PREFACE.
< • « ^ > — ■ —

A knowledge of the British, no less than of
the American participants in Burgoyne's cam-
paign, being necessary to the proper understand-
ing of that great event, has led me to investigate
the personnel of Burgoyne's army, and to annotate
the text far more fully than had, at first, been in-
tended. No reference in the notes has been
made to characters like Stark, Schuyler, Heath,
Warner, Morgan, Lord Stirling, etc., as they are
presumed to be familiar to the American reader ;
and though Dr. O'Callaghan, in Burgoyne's
Orderly Book, has sketched, with more or less
fullness, some of the British officers annotated in
the following pages, yet, in nearly, if not quite,
every instance, some facts have been added to
those the Doctor has given ; hence, for complete-
ness, notes on such personages have not been ex-
cluded from this volume. So little is known of
Burgoyne's Canadian and Provincial officers, and
especially of the leader of Burgoyne's Indians,
that no pains have been spared to glean all possi-
ble information in regard to them. Notwith-



/



X Preface.

standing much has been written relating to
Burgoyne, yet no biographer has been sufficiently
precise to give the exact date of his birth, or to
inform us of the facts on which rests the scandal
in regard to his parentage, so that the reader can
judge for himself of the merits of the case.
The looseness which has characterized other
portions of the various memoirs of this offi-
cer's life and character, accounts for so full a
sketch of Burgoyne in the notes. As various
writers have confused bearers of the same name
with some of Burgoyne's officers, brief sketches
of a number of such contemporaries have been
given, in order to aid, as far as may be, in ob-
viating such confusion hereafter.

Though writing of Englishmen, and others,
engaged in a cause in which my proclivities are
all against them, as my grandfather and one of
his brothers were officers in the Rhode Island
Line, and another brother was a brigade chaplain
in the Pennsylvania Line, on the patriot side
during the Revolutionary War, yet I have striven
to write as one without prejudice, both in stating
facts without coloring, and in drawing conclu-
sions without improper bias.



Preface, xi

If I have gone too much into artillery details,
it must be borne in mind that Lieut. Hadden was
an artillery officer ; and, it may- be, the fact that
I served as first -lieutenant, captain, and major, in
the Third Rhode Island Heavy ;Artillery during
the early years of our late civil war, has whetted
my interest in such matters to a degree not shared
by the majority of readers. My aim has been,
editorially, to write for historical students, more
than for the general reader ; hence no dates and
no precision of statement of any fact have been
omitted, merely to add to rhetorical effect.

The Orders, contained in the latter part of this*
work, reflect much light upon Burgoyne's cam-
paign, and, consequently, upon Hadden's Journal ;
since Orders issued in 1776, in regard to the
formation and regulations of the army in Canada,
applied very largely to the troops under Burgoyne
the next year.

Calendars for the years 1776 and 1777, have
been inserted in the introductory matter, so that
readers desiring to refer to them, may readily do
so ; the table of * Contents ' showing exactly
where they may be found.

Save in a very few cases, I have made no refer-
ence in the notes to the topography of the



xii Preface,

country, as others personally familiar with it,
have fully and clearly explained it ; far more so,
than I could hope to do.

The authorities for the editor's work have been
intended to be given as fully as possible, as, in
historical writing, the importance of furnishing
them is thoroughly realized ; and if, in any case,
it shall be found that they have been omitted,
it is due solely to oversight, as some of the
notes were originally written without noting the
authorities at the time, thus necessitating their
subsequent addition. Where the authorities for
a note are few, or where they are so intermingled
that it would be well nigh impossible to refer to
them accurately, save in mass, they have been
inserted at the end without special reference to
them in the body of the note. To save space and
expense the name of every volume of authority
referred to, has been lettered in the table of
* Authorities,' and subsequent refereMces are to the
letters, and not to the name of the volume ; the
table of •' Authorities ' serving as a key. As but
comparatively few readers will care for the
authorities, while those who do, will care for
them very much, and as the notes have expanded
far beyond the bounds originally set for them.



Preface. xiii

making it necessary to resort to some method to
keep the volume within reasonable limits, it is
hoped that this device for economizing space
will cause but little inconvenience.

I return my heartiest thanks to Mr. William
L. Stone, of Jersey City, for his unfailing interest
in this work, as well as for much valuable aid
and counsel. I am also under obligations to
Gen. J. Watts de Peyster, and Dr. Thomas
Addis Emmet, of New York ; Hon. Wins-
low C. Watson, of Port Kent, N. Y. ; Dr. A.
W. Holden, of Glens Falls, N. Y. ; J. M. Le
Moine, Esq., President of the Literary and Anti-
quarian Society of Quebec ; Major L. A. Huguet-
Latour, and the Abbe Verreau of Montreal ; and
the Abbe Tanguay, of Ottawa, Canada. For the
use of valuable manuscripts I am indebted to
many parties ; and especially to the Massachu-
setts Historical Society, for the Heath Papers,
and the Military Papers of Capt. Moses Green-
leaf; to the New York Historical Society, for
the Gates Papers; to the American Antiquarian
Society, of Worcester, Massachusetts, for various
Order and Letter Books ; and to the Department
of Agriculture of the Dominion of Canada, for
the Haldimand Papers. In this latter connection



xiv Preface,

I cannot refrain from referring to the unwearied
zeal and unfailing courtesy of Mr. Douglas
Brymner, of Ottawa, the Archivist of the Do-
minion of Canada, in affording me the fullest
and most satisfactory use of the Haldimand
Papers, and the other manuscripts confided to
his charge. Would that all public officials in
custody of valuable manuscripts, might take a
lesson from him. To these and to various others,
too numerous to mention, who have been of ser-
vice to me in preparing this work, I return my
most grateful acknowledgments. It would,
indeed, be an omission, not to specially com-
mend the typographical excellence displayed by
the Messrs. Munsell in this work; — surely,
none of its faults can justly be attributed to
them.

The limits of an ordinary preface are far too
circumscribed to admit of many matters it has
seemed desirable to advert to, in editing a work
of this character ; hence the reader is referred to
An Explanatory Chapter, by the Editor, for infor-
mation, that, but for the space it requires, would
have been included in the so-called preface.

H. R.
Providence, R. I., March 31st, 1884.



CALENDAR FOR 1776.



JANUARY.

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AUTHORITIES.

[Future references to volumes of authority in this work, will,
for economy of space and expense, usually be to their letters,
and not to their names.]

Vol.

A. Allen's Battles of the British Navy, i

B. Allen, Narrative of Ethan.

C. American Archives, 4th Series, i
r\ u tt u .2

F. " " *' 4

G. " " " 5
H. " " " 6
I. " 5th " I

T (( u '< 2

K. " " " 3

L. American Historical Record, i

M. " " 2

N. " « 3

N.N. American Military Pocket Atlas.

O. Anburey's Travels through the Interior Parts

of America, 1st Ed., i

P. Idem. 2

Q. Anderson's Scottish Nation, 2

R. Annual Biography and Obituary, 4

S. " *' 8

T. " " 14

U. " " 16



XVlll



Authorities.



Vol.



V.

w.

X.
Y.
Z.

A.A.
A.B.
A.C.
A.D.
A.E.
A.F.
A.G.



A.H.

A.I.

A.J.

A.K.

A.L.

A.M.

A.N.

A.O.

A. P.

A.Q.

A.R.

A.S.

A.T.



miijuai x\.(.Hi3iv.i ivji


1773-






1787.






1794.






1795-






1799.






I80I.






1802.






1804.






1808.






1822.




Badeaux. Invasion


du Canada par Les Amer-




icains en 1775. Journal de J.-Bte. Badeaux.




In vol. I, Invasion du Canada, par M.




I'Abbe Verreau.






Bancroft's History


of the United States,


4


((


<( (C


6


a


c( (c


7


(C


(( «t


9


((


C( (i


10



Beatson's Chronological Register of both
Houses of the British Parliament.

Idem.

Idem.
Beatson's Military and Naval Memoirs,



Beatson's Political Index to the Histories of
Great Britain and Ireland,
Idem.



Authorities. xix

Vot.

A.U. Beaton's Political Index to the Histories of

Great Britain and Ireland, 4

A.V. Bell's Translation of Garneau's I'Histoire du

Canada, 2

A.W. Berthelot. Extraits d' un Memoire de M.

A. Berthelot sur I'Invasion du Canada en
1775. In vol. I, Invasion du Canada, par
I'Abbe Verreau.

A.X. Bibaud's Le Pantheon Canadien,

A.Y. " Les Institutions de I'Histoire du

Canada, I

A.Z. Boston Evening Post. Oct. 17, 1778.

B.A. Boston Gazette. July 28, 1777.

B.B. " Sept. 8, 1777.

B.C. " '^ 29, 1777.

B.D. " Oct. 6, 1777.

B.E. " Nov. 10, 1777.

B.F. Bouton's History of Concord, N. H,

B.G. Brenton's Naval History of Great Britain, 2

B.H. British Army Lists.

B.I. Brooks' History of Medford, Mass.

B.J. Browne's History of the Highlands and Clans, 4

B.K. Burgoyne. Fonblanque's Political and Mili-

tary Episodes of.

B.L. Burgoyne's Works. 2 vols.

B.M. " Orderly Book.

B.M.M. " Speech on Vyner's Motion.

B.N. " State of the Expedition.

B.O. " Supplement to the State of the

Expedition.



XX Authorities.

Vol,
B P. Burk's History of Virginia, 3

B.Q. " " 4

B.R. Burke's Peerage and Baronetage.

B,S. " Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies.

B.T. " Landed Gentry.

B.T.T. Burke. Works of Edmund. Rivington's

Ed. of 1852, I

B.U. Campbell's Annals of Tryon County, N. Y.

B.V. *' History of Virginia.

B.W. Canada. Conquest of. By the Author of

" Hochelaga," 2

B.X. Canadian Monthly and National Review, 5

B.Y. Carrington's Battles of the American Revo-

lution,
B,Z, Chamber's Biographical Dictionary of Eminent

Scotsmen, Ed. of 1835, i

B.Z.Z. Idem. 2

C.A, Chipman's Memoir of Col, Seth Warner.

C.B. Colden Papers. [Publication Fund Series,

N. Y. Hist, Society.] i

C,C. Idem. 2

CD. Collins' Peerage, Brydges' Ed,, 8

C,E. Congress, Journals of, [For 1774-5,] i

C,E,E, " "- [For 1777,] 3

C.F. " " [For 1776,] 2

C.F.F. " '' [For 1781,] 7

C.G. Connecticut Colonial Records, , 9

C.H. " " 10

C.I. " " II

C.J. " Courant. May 27, 1776.



Authorities, xxi

Vol.

C.K. Connecticut Courant, Sept. 23, 1776.

C.L. " " April 10, 1777.

CM. " Historical Society. Collections of, i

C.N. Continental Journal for Sept. 19, 1776.

CO. " " May 22, 1777.

CP. " " July 24, 1777.

C.Q. " " July 31, 1777.

C.Q.Q. " " Aug. 7, 1777.

CR. " '' Sept. 18, 1777.

C.S. " *' Oct. 2, 1777.

CT. Cook. Orderly Book of Col. Thaddeus.

Manuscript in the American Antiquarian

Society's Library.

CU. Cornwallis' Correspondence, i

CV. " " 2t

CW. '' " 3

CW.W. Cumberland. Memoirs of Richard. Boston, 1806.

ex. Debrett's Peerage.

CY. Dodd's Manual of Dignities.

CZ. Duncan's History of the Royal Artillery, I

D.A. " " " 2

D.B. Elizabethtown [N. Y.] Post and Gazette for

Dec. 4, 1879.

D.C Encyclopaedia Britannica. 9th Ed., 2

D.D. European Magazine, 66

D.E. Farmer and Moore's Historical Collections, i

D.F. " " " 3

D.G. Fitch's Survey of Washington County, N. Y.

D.H. Fitzmaurice's Life of Lord Shelburne.

D.L Fletcher. Narrative of Ebenezer.



xxii Authorities,



D.u.



Vol.



D.J. Foster's Baronetage and Knightage.
D.K. " Peerage and Orders of Knighthood.

D.K.K. Franklin's Works, by Sparks, 9

D L. Fraser. Journal of Operations before Quebec

in 1759, by Malcolm.

D.M. Frothingham's History of the Siege of Boston.

D N. Fullom's Life of Sir Howard Douglas.

D.O. Gaine's Universal Register for 1779.
D.P. " " '• 1782.

D.Q. Gaspe. Memoires par Philippe de.

D.R. Gates' Papers. Manuscript in New York

Historical Society's Library.

D.S. Gentleman's Magazine, 17

D.T. " " 28



44



D.V. " " 48

D.W. " "

D.X.



49
51

D.X.X. " '^ 54

D.Y. " " Pt. I. 59

D.Z. " " * Pt. I. 60

D.Z.Z. " " Pt. 2. 62

E.A. " /» Pt. 2. 66

E.B. « " Pt. 2. 71

E.G. " « Pt. 2. 73

E.D. " " Pt. 2. 75

E.E. " " Pt. I. 78

E.F. *' " Pt. 2. 79

E.G. " " Pt. I. 80

E.H. " " Pt. 2. 80



Authorities, xxiii

Vol.

E.I. Gentleman's Magazine Pt. 2. 83

E.J. " *' Pt. I. 84

E.K. " " Pt. 2. 84

E.L. " " Pt- 2. 85

E.M. " " Pt- I- 87

E.N. " " Pt- 2. 87

E.O. " " *' Pt- 2. 91

E.p. " " Pt- 2. 92

E.P.P. " " Pt- 2. 93

E.Q. " " Pt- 2. 95

E.R. " " Pt- I. 97

E.S. " " Pt- I- 98

E.T. " " Pt- 2. 99

E.U. " " N. S. 4

E.V. Georgian Era, 2

E.W. Gordon's History of the American Revolution,

London Ed. of 1788, 2

E.W.W. Idem. 3

E.X. Greenleaf. Military Papers of Capt. Moses.

Manuscript in the Massachusetts Historical
Society's Library.
E.Y. Graham's Life of General Daniel Morgan.

E.Z. Hadden's Journal and Orderly Books.

F A. Haldimand Papers. Copy in the Parliament

Library, Ottawa, Canada, of the Manu-
script in the British Museum.
F.B. Idem. Register of Letters from Sir Guy

Carleton to Various Persons, 1 776-1 778, i
EC. " Idem. 2

E.D. " Correspondence of the Ministers with



xxiv Authorities.

Vol.
Gens. Amherst, Gage and Carleton,
1760-1778.

F.E. Idem. General Orders by Sir Guy Carleton and

Gen. Haldimand, 1776-1783.

F.F. *' Register of Warrants issued for the Ex-

traordinary Service of the Army, 1778-
1780, I

F.G. " Idem, 1771-1782, 3

F.H. " Letters to the Ministry, 1778-1781, i

F.I. " Letters to Gen. Haldimand from the

Boards of Admiralty and Ordnance,
1778-1785.

F.J. " Letters from Various Persons to Gen.

Haldimand, 4

F.K. " Letters from Officers commanding at

Niagara, 1777-1778, i

F.L. " Letters to Various Persons. 1778.

F.M. " Register of Naval and Military Commis-

sions, 1778-1782.

F.N. Hall's Early History of Eastern Vermont.

F.N.N. Haskell and Smith's Gazetteer of the United States.

F.O. Haydn's Book of Dignities.

F.P. Heath Papers. Manuscript in the Massachu-

setts Historical Society's Library.

F.P.P. Heath's Memoirs.

F.Q. Henley. Proceedings of a General Court

Martial upon the trial of Col. David.

F.R. Henry's Arnold's Campaign against Quebec.

F.S. Hinman's Part sustained by Connecticut during

the War of the Revolution.



Authorities ,



XXV



F.T.

F.U.

F.U.U.

F.V.

F.W.

F.X.

F.Y.

F.Z.

G.A.

G.B.

G.C.

G.D.

G.E.

G.F.

G.G.

G.H.

G.I.

G.J.

G.K,

G.L.
G.M.
G.N.
G.O.

G.P.
G.Q.
G.R. *



Histoire des Grandes Families Fran^aises du
Canada,

Idem,
Historical Magazine,



2d Series,



Vol.

I

2
2

3

4
6

9
I

5

7



Historical Record of the 9th Foot. British.
20th " "

2ist " "

31st " "

34th <' "

46th " "

53d "

Holden's History of Queensbury.

Hough's Northern Invasion, 1780. Bradford
Club Series, No. 6.

Howe. Narrative of Lieut. Gen. Sir William.

Huntingdon's History of Stamford, Conn.

James' iMilitary Dictionary. 2 vols. Ed. of 1810.

Jefferson's Memoirs, Correspondence, &c.
2d Ed., Boston, 1830, Gray & Bowen, i

Jesse's Memoirs of the Pretenders, i

Johnson. Orderly Book of Sir John.

Jones' History of New York during the Revo-
lutionary War, I
d



xxvi Authorities,

Vol.
G.S. Jones' History of New York during the Revo-

lutionary War, 2

G.T. Junius' Letters.

G.U. Kane's Artillery List.

C V 1

^y' > Lamb's Journal of the American War.

G.W. " Memoir of His Own Life.

G.X.X. Le Moine. Title Deeds of J. M., Manuscript
in possession of J. M. Le Moine.
G. Y. " Maple Leaves of J. M., 3d Series.

G.Y.Y. " " " New Series,

1873.
G.Z Lindsay's Lives of the Lindsays, 2

H.A. Lippincott's Magazine, 24

H.B. List of Officers serving in North America

under Sir Henry Clinton in 1779.
H.C. List of Officers serving in North America

under Sir Guy Carleton in 1783.
H.D. Livingston. Orderly Book of Henry B.,

Manuscript in the American Antiquarian

Society's Library.
H.E. London Chronicle, 4

H.F. " " 39

H.G. " " 41

H.H. " " 42

H.L '' " 43

H.J. " " 44

H.K. " " 45

H.L. " " 46

H.M. " " 47



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H.N. London Chronicle, 48

H.O. " '^ 49

H.P. " " 50

H.Q. *' " 53

H.R. " " 54

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H.Y. " " " " 2

H.Z. '^ " " " 4

LA. " " " " 6

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I.D. " " " " Pt. 2. 2

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LL New England Historical and Genealogical

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LJ. Idem. 13

LK. Idem. 15

LL. Idem. 25

I.M. Idem. 31

I.N. New Hampshire Adjutant General's Report

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I.O. " " Historical Society's Collec-

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I.O.O. " " State Papers, 8

LP. New York. Documents relating to the

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I.R. Idem. 8

I.S. Idem. 10

I.T. Osier's Life of Admiral Viscount Exmouth.

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LV. Parliamentary Register.

I.W. Pennsylvania Gazette. Aug. 2, 1775.

I.X. Playfair's British Family Antiquary, 6



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I.Z. " " " 8

J. A. Providence Gazette. Aug. 16, 1776.

J.B. Quebec Gazette. Sept. 22, 1774.

J.C. " " Oct. 13, 1774.

J.D. " " Feb. 2, 1775.

J.E. " " June 15, 1775.

J.F. " " Aug. 24, 1775-

J.G. " " Oct. 5, 1775.

J.H. " '* Nov. 14, 1776.

J.I. " " May 8, 1777.

J.J. *' " May 29, 1777.

J.K. " " June 5, 1777.

J.L. " " July 24, 1777.

J.M. " " June 25, 1778.

J.N. " " July 2,1778.

J.O. " " Aug. 6, 1778.

J.P. " " Aug, 19, 1779.

J.Q. " " Oct. 28, 1779.

J.R. " " Nov. 25, 1784.

J.S. " " Oct. 19, 1786.

J.T. " " June 21, 1787.

J.U. " " July 26, 1787.

J.V. " " July 17, 1788.

J.W. " *' Aug. 6, 1789.

J.X. " ■' Sept. 30, 1790.

J.Y. " " Jan. 13, 1791.

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