James O'Laverty.

An historical account of the Diocese of Down and Connor, ancient and modern (Volume 1) online

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Online LibraryJames O'LavertyAn historical account of the Diocese of Down and Connor, ancient and modern (Volume 1) → online text (page 1 of 42)
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3 1833 00675 2007 OLld^^°^



gamn and Cjnnjin





" B,-in(iii/ii-r til t^ days of old, think upon every (ifiu'ration : ((sk thi/
J'atli'i; and he will declare to thee : thy elders, and they will i^-U
tJifi .'' — Dkitt. xxxii. 7.






potttnoer's KNTKV.



Tin; ]Mosr 1{e\. Patrick Dokriax. D.D..

I.oiili JUSHOI' OF Dowx Axn ('OXXOH,



Chuuche.s, 3Ioxast(c Institutioxs, axi» S AL:\lOST TO ITS AXCIEXT SPLEXDOLnt

The Diocese of Dowx and Coxxor.
This Voli^me

> Muse KESl'KCI'FrrjA' AXD most HUMBIA' DEUK'Ali' I

By the Author.


The work, of which this is the first volnme, was originally
undertaken for the purpose of ])lacing before the people of
Down and Connor the meagre accounts, whieli oral tradition,
and a lew public documents, had presei'ved, of the heroic
priests, who braved the terrors of the Penal T^aws to break
to our forefathers the Bread of Life, and who, under God,
were the instruments of preserving to us the faith of ancient
Ireland. When, however, I was engaged in gleaning among
the people traditions regarding their old pastors, I found
among the farmers of Down and Antrim^ both Catholics and
Protestants, a zeal and enthusiasm to know all, that could he
known, of the old churches and castles, raths and other
remnants of the remote past, which they have always
generously respected and preserved, notwithstanding their
desire of subjecting to tillage every foot of tlieir farms. This
compilation has, therefore, assumed its present form, in order
to supply to the inhabitants of this diocese, what ail admit to
be a glaring deficiency in our National Education, by point-
ing out the historical and intellectual associations, in which
the country is so rich, and wliicli may well increase our pride
to belong to it ; and in order to teach the peoi^le, that in almost
every field objects of interest are to be found, serving still
more to embellish the scene of nature, and still more to
augment that generous patriotism, which attaches us to our
native soil. But in the words of Camden, '^ // any there he
tphich are desirous to he strangers in their owne soi/e, and

forrainers in thdr mcne citie, they may so continue, and
therein flatter themselves. For such I have not ivritten these
lines, and f alien these paines^ lam far from presumiugthat
this book is what it should have been. However, the total
want of diocesan and jiarochial records, except those of a
few yeai'S standing, will iu part explain some of the diffi-
culties against which I had to contend. I am conscious, at
least, that I spared no pains. I have been in every field,
examined every graveyard, and convei'sed with every person
capable of giving me the least information. The reader has
placed before him the substance of all the topographical notes
relating to the i)laces treated of, which are to be found in
any of the Irish historic publications. My task has leen
rendered comparatively easy by that inestimable woi-k of
Dr. Reeves, "'The Ecclesiastical Antiquities of Down,
Connor, and Dromoi-e," which T have always followed as my
safest guide.

I have to exjjress my obligations to Mr. J. W. Hanna, of
Downpatrick, who, in the kindest manner, gave me the list
of the parish priests of the various parishes of the diocese,
which, upwards of thirty year.s ago, he collected, chiefly from
traditional sources. I have also to record my thanks to S,
Ferguson, Esq., L.L.D., M.R.I. A., and W. M. Hennessy, Esq.,
M.R.I. A., for the readiness with which they facilitated my
researches in the Record Office.

Holywood, January, 1st, 1878.


(References to the Notes are in Italic.)
Introduction, containing the general history of Down and
Antrim from the earliest date to the fifteenth century, IX.
Milesians, XI. Ulster, XII, Eed Branch Knights of
Ulster, XIII. " Battle of the CoUas,"* XIV. The original
inhabitants of Ulster driven into Down and Antrim, XV.
Descendants of Niall of the Nine Hostages, XVT. Wars
of the Kinel-Owen with the Ulidians. Hy Nialls, XVII.
Part of the Book of Rights relating to Down and Antrim,
Dalaradia, Dalrieda, and other territories, XIX. Mac
Sherry, 0' Sherry, XXIV. O Carrol, XXV. OMooney,
O'Lavery, XXVI. The Kings of Ulidia, XXVIII. Battle
of Moira, XXXI. The Danes invade Ulidia, XXXIV. The
Kinel-Owen under their Princes, tlie M'Loughlins, O'Neills,
and others, war against the Ulidians. O' Heflariu, O'Linchey,
XLII. Inauguration of the Princes of Kinel-Owen hy O'Hagan
and 0'Ka7ie,i XLVI. Custom of blinding dethroned Pririces,
O'Hamill. The English invasion, LIV. MacCloslcey, LVI.
King John^s expedition from Carlingford to Carrickfergus
andhack,\NYll. O'Dugan's Poem. OBunlevy, MacAnulty,
CHaughey, O Haughean, CLavery, LX. O'Mtirney, Macle-
murry, O^Murry, MacMahon, 0' Kenny, M^ Kinney, O'Garvey,

* Irish historians generally say that the " Battle of the Collas" was
fought in the barony of Farney, Co. Monaghan, but they never could
identify the precise place, the author places it at Aghaderg, Co. Down.
See Cormellan's edition of the Four Masters, p. 2.

+ The author finds, that he was misinformed with regard to the
identification of the tomb of Magnus, p. XLVI.

LXI. O'Uayivey, Devenmj, M'llvenni/, LXII. The natives
harshly treated by the English, LXIII. Battle of Down,
A.D. 1260, LXV. The Clannaboy, LXVII. Petition from
the clergy and nobles of Down to the King, LXVIII.
Addenda, Parish of Drumaroad, and Clanvaraghan, LXX.
Kilmegan, names of the inhabitants of Castleioellan in 1766,

Parish of Kilkeel, or Upper Mourne, 1. " The slaughter
of Cathair-Boirche" an Irish tale, 2. Tamlught, 9. Green-
castle Church, 10. Kilkeel, 11. Parish priests, 15.* Parish
church, 22. Kistvaens Cromleach, 23.

Parish of St. Maiy's, or Lower Mourne; Father jMacCann's
description of Mourne, 25. Killniologe, 23. Annalong, 28.
Ballachauery, 28. Parish priests, 29. Churches, 33.

Iveagh, 34. Moy-Cova, Chiefs of Iveagh, 35. Eathfri-
land, c7.

Parish of Kilcoo, Ufuniena, a place of public assemblies,
Stone Forts, 38. Dominicans, 39. Ruined Church of Kilcoo,
40. Parish Priests, 41. Church, 45.

Parish of Maghera, or Bryansford, 47. iSlieve Donard
and St. Douard's Chapel, 48. Newcastle, 50. Church of
Maghera, 51. Legend regarding St. Donard, 52. Rath-
scillan, 53. O Loughlin, 55. Cromleach aud Pillar Stone,
Parish Priests, 57. The '• Faruham Eeformatiou," 59.
Lord Eoden's Estate, 73. Churches, 64.

Parish of Kilmegan, Graveyards in Carrowbane, Drum-
buckwood, 65. Kilmegan, Church Hill, and "Wateresk,
Watertiry, 66. Dundrum, 67. Inner Bay or Lough Ruray,
Feast of Brier bid, 69. Dominicans, 71. Franciscans, 74.
Parish Priests, 77. Churches. 79.

Kinelarty , Mac A.rtam, 31. Forde, 8 6 .

Parish of Loughinisland, Ancient Churches in Farraufad,
* P. 21, hue 6, for 1845 read 1855.

89. Seaforde, 91. Tannaglimore, Magheraloue, 92. Churches
in the Island, 93. Magheratimpany, 95. Parish Priests,
93. Kebellion of 1803, 99. Church, 105.

Lecale, its Chiefs, 109. English Invasion, 112. O'Gilmore
O'Murney, 113.

Parish of Ballykinlar, &c., Drumcath and Eathcath, 116.
Lord Mountjoy's Expedition to Lecale, 117. De Courcy's
Grant of Ballykinlar, 119. Lismoghan, 121. Drunibo,
where situated, 122, Killyglinnie, 125. Earl's Park,
Tyrella, 126. An old Tradition, An old. Irish Tale, 127.
liathmullan, 130. Parish Priests, 131. Churchf^s, 136.
A Stone Circle, 137.

Parish of Bright, Ereuagh, 139 Circle of Stones in
Ballynoe, Church of Ballyuoe, 141. A Charter granting
lands to the Monastery of Mahee Island, 142. Conversion
of St. Mochay, The road by which St. Patrick came to Bright,
143. Church of Coniamstown, 144. Russell, \i5. Grange-
walls, 146. Church of Bright, 147. Ardglass Estate, 149.
Tullinespick, 150. Ballynagalliagh, Rossglass, 151. Chapel
near St. John's Point, 152. Irish mode of interment, 154.
Kilbride, 155. Castleivard Estate, 156. Parish Priests,
158. Churches, 164.

Parish of Dunsford and Ardglass, Castles of Ardglass,
Pillar Stone, 166. Ardglass Estate, Murders in 1643, 169.
Ardglass Church, 172. Ardtole, 173. Ross Church, 174.
Dunsford, 175. Tollumgrange, 176. Bishop's Court
Ornamented Slab, 177. Sheepland, 179. Legend regarding
St. Patrick, 180. Killard, 181. Parish Priests, 182.
Churches, 187.

Parish of Bailee, 189. Ballylenagh, Ballynagross, Bally-
culter. Parish Priests, 192. Churches, 198. Meaning of
the word " Bohog,^' 1 99.

Parish of Kilclief, Extract from the *' Inquisitiones Ultonice"

showing the names of the old }y)'oprietors in Lecale, 200.
Clmrch of Ballyorgau, 201. Chapel of Balljwooden, 203.
Ballynarry, Kilclief, 204. Strangford Lough and Strang/ord
town, 205.^Casfcle of Kilclief, 207. Archdeacons of Down,
208. Parish Priests, 211. Churches, 215.

Parish "of Saul, Tubberdoney, Templecormac (see also
p, 304), 217. Aiidleystoion, 218. Castleivard Demesne,
Walshestown, 219. Raholp, 220. Cromleach, 222. Church-
walls, Croshihonan, 223. Ballintogher, 224. Place where St.
Patrick landed, 225. Mr. Hanna on the Legend regarding the
Sepulture of St. Patrick, 228. Church of Saul, 229. Tobber-
ua-suil Well, 232. Ancient Tomis called " Con/esdotials," 237.
Stone on tv/iich St. Patrick 2)'>'ayed, Old form of Interment,
238. Priests interred in Saul, 259. Slievenagriddle Cromleach
Stone Circle, 240. Parish Priests, O'Laverty, 241. Churches,
Alter Stone of Saul, 246.

Parish] of Down, Struel Chapel and Wells, 248. Struel
Stations, 256. Dr. Shiel, Bishop of Down and Connor, on
Pilgrimages and Stations, 252. '' Samson's Stone, 253.
Priory of St. Thomas the Martyr, Priory of St. John the
Baptist, 254. Priory of Regular Canons, called the
Monastery of the Irish, 258. Franciscan Friary, MacCann,
259. The IMound, 2G4. Celtchair of the Battles, a famous
Ulster champion, the Cathedral, 267. llelics of St. Patrick,
St. Bridget, and St. Columba, 269. The Abbots, Ereiiach
explained, 274. Daimhliag explained, 276. Round Tower
and Ci'Tcular entrenchment, 277. O'Carlan, 0' Donnelly, the
English Invasion, 279. Changes in the Cathedral by De
Courcy, Charters, 282. St. Patrick's Grave, 285. Shrine
of the Hand of St. Patrick, 287. Shrine of the jaw-hone of
St. Patrick, 289. Some account of De Courcy, 29'). The
Battle of Down, 293. O'Carra, or Corr, MacLoughlin, 294.
O'Kane 295. O'Henrg, MacDermot, CGormely, 296.

O'Hanlon, MacNamee, 297. O'Devawj, Wacd, 298. Destrixc-
tion of the Cathedral, Priors of Down, 301. What was
done with the Monastic lands, Downpatrick estate, 303.
Chapel of Quarter Cormack, 304. Ballydugan, Ballykilbeg,
Grctnnoges, 305. Ballyrolly, 306. Crolly, Ballykilbeg, 307.
Sale of portions of Downpatrick Estate, A.D. 1710, Purchasers
and present Proprietors, 308. Parish Priests, 309. Doion-
patrick as it loas A.D. 1708, 310. Popish Clergy, A.D. 1697,
MacMullan, 313. Deans of Doion, 314. Benvir, 315.
Churches, 317. Convent, 3 19. Identification of the stone
on which St. Patrick prayed, after he landed, o20.

Parish of Inch, (tc , Abbey Church of Inch, Cooscray, an
Irish hero, 321. Excavations among the ruins by Mr.
Phillips, 325. Kilmore, 328. Eadenian, Listooder, Killy-
man, 329. Clontaghnaglar, Killinchy-in-the- Woods, 3o0.
Cluntagh, Killowen, 331. Killrasy, or Killyandrews, Parish
Priests, 332. Churches, 336. KiUyleacjh Castle, 337. The
Irish Elk, 339.

Barony of Dufferin, the principal events which occurred
in it, 340. Rath and Dun explained, 344.

Parish of Saintfield, Eathgormau, Riughaddy, Dunsj'
Island, 345. Skettrick Island, 346. Killinchy; Kilkeerau,
347. Folklore, the Cat of C lough, the Ossianic ballad " 27ie
Hunt ofSliahh Truim," O'Roney, 348. Mahee Island, 349
Dunnyneill Island, 35('. Ancient Legend of St. Moehay, 356.
Abbots of Aendruim, or Mahee, 358. Charters to Mahee
Church, 360. Petition of " Captayne Browne,^' The Estate of
Ardmillan, 367. Castle-Espie, Tullynakill, Ballyministra,
369. Kilmood, Eavarra, Magherascouse, Saintfield, 370.
Price, Saintfield Estate, 371. Killnagarrick, Killaney, 372.
Lands of, possessed by Lord Downshire, 373. Ancient
Woods, Pillar Stone, Oghley, Ancient Public Assemblies at,
374. Parish Priests. 375. Churches, 380. Lis and Cathair
explained, 381.


The Territory of the Ards, tlie principal events which
occurred in it, 382. Tenant Right, 389,

Parish of Portaferry, Witter, 390. Temijle Cowey, 391.
Stone Circle, Quintin Bay Castle. 392. Knockinelder,
O'Goivan, noio Smith, 2>^Z. Ballytrustan, 395. Ballyphilip,
396. Temple Craney, 398. Portaferry C-A.^t\e, Savage, 399.
Freeholders in the Arris 200 years ago, O'Coran, M^Ley,
0' Domegaii, M'Grae, O'Conan, 400. Ardquiu, Savage,
Nugent, 402. Deny, 404. Parish Priests, 40G. Church,
408. Census of Sriiitfjiehl, Killinchey. and Killi/leagh, A.D.
176G, 409.

Parish of Ballygalgit, 410. Hock Savage, Castleljoy, 411,
Corody arul Mortuary explni lied ^ 414. Slano.s, 410. Parish
Piiests, 418. Church, 419.

Parish of Ardkcen, 421. Savages of Ardkeen, 423. Lislian,
424. Gransha, Echlinville, 425. Ballyhalbert, Kirkcubbin.
427. Ini.shargy, 0' Flinn, 428. Balliggan, 429. Bally-
waiter, Black Abbey, 430. Grey Abbey, 433. Temple
Crone, Cairn. Chapel Island. Parish Priests, 441. Churches,
446. Mount St. Jo.seph, 448.


AS this book is intended for tlie fireside reading of many
who have not devoted much attention to Irish History,
it becomes necessary to place before them some of the
principal events which effected changes within the ten-itory
comprised in the united Diocese of Down and Connor. The
early history of Ireland, like that of other countries, is filled
^vith legendary and poetical details. Rejecting as unworthy
of any credit the stories regarding an antedehnian colon-
ization, Ii'ish historians say, that Parthalon (pronounced
Paralaun), Li the year of the world 2520, led a colony of
a thousand followers to Ireland. He was the fii-st who
cleared any pnrt of Ireland of the primeval woods. One
of the plains said to have been cleared by him was Magh
Latrainn (Larue) in Dalaradia. His son Rndhnudhe
(Rooi-ey) was drowned in Loch Rudhruidhe (the Inner Bay
of Dundrum), when the sea burst over the land and formed
that inlet which %vas named from him. A similar irniption
of the sea over "the land of Brena," which formed Loch Cuan,
now Strangford Lough, occun'ed in the following year.
Slainge, (Slany) son of Parthalon, was interred iii the gi-eat
earn on the summit of Slieve-Donard, and the mountain was
long named from him Sliabh-Slainge (Slieve-Slany). Three
hundred years after their ariival, the entire colony, then
numbering 9,000 })ersons, perished by a pestilence leaving


the country once more without inliabitants. Ireland having
remained waste about thii-ty years was colonized by a people
from the vicinity of the Euxuie Sea, led by a prince named
Neimhidh (pronounced Nevy) whose descendants occupied
the land for about 200 years, and were engaged in building
raths and clearing woods. They erected Eath-Cimbaeth
(Rath Kimbey) in the plain of Magh-Seimhne (Moy Sevne,
now Island-Magee) and cleared that plain of wood. Nevy
with 2,000 of his followers was carried off by a pestilence,
and the remnant of his people was engaged in constant
conflict Avith a race called Foniorians who are said to have
been African pirates, perhaps Canaanites or Phoenicians
expelled from their country by Joshua. Tlieir principal
strongholds were along the north coasts of Ulster and
Connaught, and the traditions of after ages represent them
as a race of Giants. From them the Giant's Causeway was
called Clochan-na-Fomoraighe — the causeway of the Fomor.
ians. One of the terrible conflicts between Nevy and the
Fomorach is called the battle of Murbholg, now ]\Iurlow Bay
in the County of Antrim. Worn out by these battles the
remnants of the people of Nevy made their escape from
Ireland under three chiefs, one band fled to Albion under
Briotan Maol, from whose name Albion is said to be called
Britain. Another band passed into the northern parts of
Europe where they grew into the famous people, the Tuatha
de Danann, who afterwards iuA'aded Ireland, and the third
party of refugees made their way into Greece whence they
returned to Ireland under the name of Firbolgs. Two
hundred and sixteen years, say our bardic annalists, Nevy
and his race remained in Ireland. After this Ireland was a
wilderness for two hundred years. It was in the year of the
world 3266 that the Fii-bolgs came from Greece under five
chieftains and took possession of Ireland. It is far more


likely that tlie Firbolgs were a colony from Belgic Gaul (Fir
Bolg — Belgian men). After the lapse of about half a
century the country was seized by a fresh horde of invaders,
the celebrated Tiiatha de Dananns, about whose magical and
mechanical skill some wonderful stories are told. They are
considered by some to have come from Greece, by others
from Denmark, they were however a race less numeroiis but
more civilized than the Firbolgs.

It was in the year of the world 3,500, and 1,700 before
Christ, according to the Four Masters, or A.M. 2934 and
B.C. 1015, according to O'Flagherty's chronology,* that the
Milesian colony arrived in Ireland. To this colony our
historians assign an eastern origin and describe its various
migrations for several hundred years until it arrived in
Spain, whence it sailed to Ireland. The commanders of
the Milesians were Heber, Heremon and Ir. The race of
Heber called the Heberians became kings and chiefs of
Munster. The descendants of Heremon, or the Heremonians
supplied kings to nearly every part of Ireland except
Munster. The race of Ir possessed Ulster for many cen-
turies. From the conquest of Ireland by the sons of Milesius,
to its conversion to Christianity by St. Patrick, one hundred
and eighteen sovereigns of all Ireland are enumerated. Of
this number sixty were of the race of Heremon, twenty
nine of the posterity of Heber and twenty four of the race
of Ir, three wex-e descendants of Ith, the uncle of Milesius,
whose race was located in Munster, one was a Firbolg and
one was a woman. The Milesians are also named Scoti,

* The Four Masters follow in chronology the computation of tlie
Septuagint as given in the Chronicon of Eusebius by St. Jerome, who
says, " From Adam to the Flood are 2242 years, but according to the
Hebrews there are 1656 years." Most of the ancient Irish historical
poems followed the computation of the Hebrews.


from whom Ireland was called 8cotia, and in more modern
times the same people have given their name to Scotland.

Ulster being one of the five provinces, into which Ireland
was divided, was named Cuigeadh Uladh — the fifth, or
province TJladh (pronounced Ula) ; its name is derived
according to Keating and others from Ollsaiih — great wealth ;
— or according to others from Ollamli Fodhla (Ollav Folbi)
one of its greatest kings, who became monarch and legislator
of Ireland. Kings of the posterity of Ir mled over Ulster
for more than a thousand years. One of those princes,
Sobhairce (Sovarkey) king of Ulster and joint king of Ii'eland
erected a forti-ess on a bold rock projecting into the sea near
the Giant's Causeway. This was named Dim-Sobhairce or
the foi'tress of Sobhairce where he fixed his royal residence
nearly nine centimes before the Christian era ; it is now
called Dunseverick. Another fortress and royal residence of
the kings of Ulster was at Rath-Mor-Muighe-Linne, or the
Rath of Mora of Moylinny near Antrim, it was named from
Mora, wife of Breasal, King of Ulster, A.D. 161. Ciml)aoth,
(Kimbee), King of Ulster, who became monarch of Irelandfroni
about 350 to 300 years before the Christian era erected the
l)alace of Eamhain Macha (Avan Macha), the earth-works of
which are to be seen at the ISTavan Ring near Ai-magh. This
palace was named from his queen Macha, a celebrated heroine,
who succeeded her husband in the throne and was the only
female who ever i-uled Ireland in ancient times.

The Kings of Ulster had their chief residence at the palace
of Eamhain Macha, or Emania, for nearly seven centuries ;
from about three hundred and fifty years before the Christian
era to a.d. 332. During this time about thirty-five Kings
reigned, all of the Irian race except three or four of the
Heremonians. One of the greatest of those Irian Kings of
Ulster was Ruadhraidhe Mor (Roorey Mor), who flourislied


about 150 years before the Chiistian era; his descendants
are called the Clanna Rory, and in history they are frequently
named Rudricians from Rudricius, the latinised form of his
name. Conchobhar-Mac-Nessa (Concovar, or Connor Mac
Nessa), an Irian prince, ruled over Ulster about the period
of the Incarnation. His reign is rendered illustrious in the
works of the Irish bards on account of the exploits of the
Red Branch Knights of Ulster, the chief champions of whom
were Cuchullin, Conall Kearnach, Keltcar " of the battles,"
whose residence was on the great mound of Downpatrick ;
Laoghaire Buadhach (Leary the valiant) ; and Cethern
(Kehern), who resided at Dunkern — ^the Giant's Sconce —
and at Mountsandal, which was erected by his grandfather,
the grandson of Rooi'ey Mor. The first King of Ulster not
of the Irian race was Fiatach Finn, a descendant of Heremon;
he usurped the throne of Ireland, and was slain a.d. 39.
From him are descended the Dal-Fiatach, a powerful tribe
located in Down and Antrim, who supplied most of the
Kings of Ulidia from the fourth to the twelfth century.
Elim, who was of the Irian race, succeeded to the throne of
Ulster ; he and the Irians joined the plebeians in expelling
the monai'ch and the aristocracy a.d. 56, and Elim usurped
the monarchy, but the Irish Chroniclers say that Cod took
vengeance on the usiirper and his plebeian supporters, for
" Ireland was without corn, without milk, without fish," till
the rightful heir Tuathal slew Elim after twenty yeai"s'
usurpation. Tuathal (Tooal) established his line more fii'mly
by exacting from the people an oath " by the sun, moon, and
elements, that his posterity should not be deprived of the
sovereignty." Neither his great power, nor the oath his
subjects swore, saved the Heremonian Tuathal from the
ambition of Mai, King of Ulster, a descendant of Conal
Kearnach, and consequently an Irian. He slew the monarch


Tuathal in a great battle foiiglit a.d. 106, at the base of
Ballyboley Hill, where the Six-Mile Water and the Larne
River take then- rise. But Tuathal's son, Feliniy Rechtar,
or the Law-maker, avenged his father, and again won back
the sovereignty from the race of Ir. Conn of the Hundred
Battles, son of Felimy, ascended the throne a.d. 123,
and he too, after an eventful reign, was slain a.d. 157, by
Tibradi Tirech, the Irian King of Ulster. Conn's successor
and son-in-law, Conary II., was the father of the three
Carbrys, one of whom Carbry Riada (Rioghfhada, i.e., of the
long wrist) was the ancestor of the Dalriads of the County
of Antrim, and of the tribe of the same name in Scotland.
This Carbry Riada is mentioned under the name of Reuda,
by Venerable Bede, as the leader of the Scots who came from
Hibernia into All)a and obtained the territory, which the Scots
held in his time in Alba, or Scotland. A.D. 322, Fiacha
Sravtinne, King of Ireland, a descendant of Conn of the
Hundred Battles, was slain by the thi-ee Collas, the sons of
his own brother ■ but when the eldest of the Collas had
occupied the throne four years, he was deposed and expelled,
together with his brothers and followers into Scotland, by
Muii-each Tirach, the son of Fiacha, the previous monarch.
In a short time the three Collas returned, and were reconciled
to their cousin. King Muireach Tii-ach, who directed their
ambition against the Irian kingdom of Ulster, which had so
often inflicted injury on the Heremonian race. The monarch
supplied them with troops, with whicli they marched into
Connaught, and seven legions of the Firbolg tribes of Con-
naught instantly joined their standard ; with this force they
marched into Ulster, to Achadh-leithdheirg, ( Agha-ley-yerig),
now Achaderg, in the barony of Iveagh. There, was fought,

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