James Patriot Wilson.

An easy introduction to the knowledge of the Hebrew language online

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The abore tdi>le of the sctrvUes should be carelialljr pieruaed by the

leameri and continually consulted by him^ when ia Words he meeits

with letters for ^hich be tannot aceeiiint;



RULES
J^fr'JndinS'tht JR^&tmZeacieotu.

194. Rejttt all affixes, and letters acquired in forminjgy li three let-
ters remain^ that is the root If only /wo, add '• or 1 in the beginning
(and in thje dpflectiojas of np^ to take^ S), ^ or 1 in the middle, n or K
at the end, or double the second ijadical letter — for instance, if the
%vord 330 occurs, 30 is the root. ,.

195. Obserye " is to be added at the beginning, 1 in the uaiddle, or
n at the end^ much mote frequently than J or K are to be supplied.

196. 14 after rejecting the aflRxes ap4 formative letters, only one
letter should remain, add 'or J to the beginning, and n at the end.
Thus for \vxsk see nr; for ^ se^ rpy. . ' \

RULES

Forjinding the Root m Mr, Parkhurat^a Lexicon,
irr. Hejetit jlll affiles, and lettfcri^ acquired in forming;'^ if three



* In doing this, verbs in Hithpael may give sometimes trouble to
the learner, nrt ihe characteristic is ordinarily to be cast off. When



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262

letters remain^ that is generally the root: thus in the word n'Bfns,
Gen. 1. ly 3 b a panicle or affix signifying iuy rule 148, i\^ a termina-
ticoi of nouns, see rule 16, therefore 8^in k the root.

198. But if, after rejecting the aiCxes and formative letters, the
\Tordhatblor* inserted (unless before n), you must reject them
also, and then you 'vrill ^generaUy find it linder the tvH> remaining let-
ters. (Comp. rule 98.) Thtis iq y¥srhy Qen. i. 17, S is a particle to or
/or, rule t7S. n the s^^ of conjugation H^h. rule 149. TK then tv

maining, you must also reject '', and look for the root IK. Observe
that .wheal or' |B'^ the middle, andn the final letter of the root, the
or ^is retained^ as in. ni9, riTi, tin. :

199. If, after rejecting the affixes and formative letters, only t
letters remain, that is frequently the root. Thus in D^73m, Gen. i
n is a particle emphatic, Me, by rule >50, D'' is the termination of a
noun masculine plural, by rule 19. oe^ therefore remains for the root.

200. But if, in this case, you cannot find it as a two-lettered root,
add ' or J to the beginning of the word, and to the defiecdons of UpS
to take^ h (comp. rules 89. 93, 94, 95) or n, and more rarely K to the
end. (Comp. rules 102, 103, 104.) Thus in n^m, Gen. ii. 9, n is em-
phatic, they rule 150, n is a femmine termination, rule 193; tliese
then being rejected, ;n remains; but not finding this in a two-lettered
form, r add " Yod to the beginning, and find it under root yv. Again,
In np'T and he tooky Gen. ii. 15, 1 !» a particle, dnd^ rule 157; ' is the
sign of the third person masculine future, rule 163; np then remain-
ing, I add V to the beginning, and look for npS. In 'JS Gen. i. 2, •• is
the sign of the N. masc. plur. in regimine, rule 25; this therefore
being rejebted, and not finding the root }d in a two-lettered form, I
add n to the end, and look fot* rufi.

201. If, after rejecting the affixes and formative letters, only one
letter should remain, add *> or J to the beginning, and n to the end.



the first radical is 1, D, or n, the servile n is sometimes oniitted.
When D or B^ris the first radical, the servile n is put after it When
the first radical is V the characteristic n is not only transposed, but
soT^ietimes changed into D. . ^ ^ .

>* In some verbs, the i in the middle is radical and iminutable, as
in niVj ;t*5^.



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I 263

Ibus Gen. xiv. 15, in DD*>, i is a connexive particle, am/, rule 157,
^e sign of the third person masculine future, rule 163, and D a su(^
1^ them^ rule 179 j 100; there remiuning then onl^ the letters, pre-
1 3 to the beginning, and add n to the ^nd, and look for the root
Comp. rule 107.
:02. Nouns or particles of two letters ^diog in * must usuaUy be
[ught under roots with n for the £naMetter, as for ^d the mouthy see
but for O that J see rvr\D; and sometimes ^such nouns belong to
(>ot^ with 1 for the middle letter, as O a burning to HD.
203* Reduplicate words must be sought under their simple ones;
lus, for SSa and SaSj, see % for ISDSn, see ']Sr\. Comp. R. 109, I ro.



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HARVARD COLLEGE
LIBRARY



THE DEINARD COLLECTION

GIVEN BY

LUCIUS NATHAN LITTAUER

(ClMS of 1878)

IN MEMORY OF HIS FATHER

NATHAN LITTAUER

January 23, 1930



*S^




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Online LibraryJames Patriot WilsonAn easy introduction to the knowledge of the Hebrew language → online text (page 18 of 18)