James Stormonth.

A manual of scientific terms, pronouncing, etymological, and explanatory, chiefly comprising terms in botany, natural history, anatomy, medicine, and veterinary science, with an appendix of specific names. Designed for the use of junior medical students, and others studying one or other of these sci online

. (page 20 of 68)
Online LibraryJames StormonthA manual of scientific terms, pronouncing, etymological, and explanatory, chiefly comprising terms in botany, natural history, anatomy, medicine, and veterinary science, with an appendix of specific names. Designed for the use of junior medical students, and others studying one or other of these sci → online text (page 20 of 68)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


fetid odour, and the powdered
root used as an antispasmodic :
D. pertusum, ver'tuz'um (L.per-
tusus, perforated from per,
through, thoroughly ; tusus,
beaten), a very acrimonious plant,
the fresh leaves used by the
Indians over dropsical parts to
produce vesications : D. poly-
phyllum, pol'l-fil'-lum (Gr. polus,
many; phullon, a leaf), a species
whose prepared root in India is
supposed to possess antispas-
modic virtues, and to be a remedy
in asthma.

dracunculus, n., drd'kun-ul-us
(a diminutive of Gr. drakon, a
serpent), the Guinea -worm, the
adult female of a nematode para-
site, a worm which burrows
beneath the skin of the legs and
feet of human beings in certain
limited intertropical districts of
Asia and Africa.



DRA



133



DUO



drastic, n., drast'-ilc (Gr. drastikos,
active, vigorous from drao, I do
or act), a purgative whose action
is somewhat rapid and violent:
adj., acting violently.

dropsy, n., drftps'-i (L. hy drops,
Gr. hudrops, the dropsy ; Gr.
hudor, water ; ops, the eye the
word formerly spelt hydropsy],
an unnatural accumulation of
fluid in the cellular tissues, or in
other cavities of the body.

Droseraceaa, n. phi., dros'-er-d'-se-e
(Gr. droseros, dewy from drosos,
dew), the Sundew family,, an
Order of herbaceous plants grow-
ing in damp places : Drosera, n.,
drds'8r-d, a genus of herbaceous
plants, having acid taste combined
with slight acridity, and the
leaves furnished with red glandular
hairs, discharging from their ends
drops of a viscid acrid juice in sun-
shine hence the name Sundew
or 'Ros solis,' rtis sol'-is, dew of
the sun ; some Droseras yield a
dye, and their leaves fold upon
insects that touch the hairs :
DrosophyUum, n., drtisf-o-fil'-lum
(Gr. phullon, a leaf), another
genus of the same family.

drug, n., drug (F. drogue, a drug;
But. droog, dry), a general name
for all medicinal substances.

Drupacese, n. plu., drd-pd'-se-e (L.
drupa, Gr. druppa, an over-ripe
wrinkled olive), the almond-
worts, an Order of trees and
shrubs, now included under the
Sub-ord. Amygdalese or Prunese,
of the Ord. Rosacese, which bear
such stone fruits as the cherry,
plum, peach, etc.: drupe, n.,
drdp, a fleshy or purple fruit
without valves, and containing a
hard stony kernel; a stone fruit :
drupaceous, a., drdp-af-sJius, con-
sisting of or producing drupes :
drupel, n., dr6p'-el (a diminutive
of drupa}, a small drupe; a fleshy
or purple fruit containing many
small stony seeds, as the rasp-
berry and blackberry.



Dryandra, n., drl-and'-rd (after
Dryander, a Swedish botanist), a
genus of splendid plants nearly
allied to Banksia, Ord. Proteacese.

Drymis, n., drlmf-is (Gr. drumos,
a forest, a grove), a genus of
plants, Ord. Magnoliacese : Drymis
Winter!, wmt'-er-i (after Captain
Winter), also called D. aromatica,
ar'-dm'at''ik-a (L. aromdticus, Gr.
aromatikos,. aromatic, fragrant),
a species brought by Captain
"Winter from the Straits of Magel-
lan, 1578 ; yields "Winter's bark ;
has been employed as an aromatic
stimulant.

Dryobalanops, n., dri'd-bal'-an-tips
(Gr. drus, an oak tree ; bdldnos,
an acorn), a genus of trees, Ord.
Dipterocarpacea? : Dryobalanops
camphora, Mmf-tir-a (F. camphre,
Ar. kafur, Gr. kaphoura, camph-
or), also called D. aromatica,
ar'dm'at''ik-d (L. aromdticus,
aromatic, fragrant), a tree which
furnishes camphor oil, while solid
camphor is found in the cavities
of the wood, but only after the
tree attains a considerable age.

ductus ad nasum, dukt'-us ad
ndz'-um (L. ductus, a leading or
conducting ; ad, to ; nasus, the
nose), a duct to the nose ; the
nasal duct descending to the
fore part of the lower meatus of
the nose : ductus arteriosus, art-
er'4'Oz f 'US (L. arteriosus, full of
arteries from arteria, an artery),
a short tube about half an inch in
length at birth which unites the
pulmonary artery with the aorta,
but becomes obliterated after
birth: d. communis choledochus,
Icom-murf-is kol-ed'dk'US (L. corn-
munis, common ; Gr. chole, bile ;
doclios, holding or containing
from dechomai, I receive), the
common bile duct, the largest
of the ducts, conveying the bile
both from the liver and the gall-
bladder into the duodenum : d.
cysticus, sist'-ik-us (Gr. kustis, a
bladder, a purse), the cystic or



DUL



134



DYS



excretory duct which leads from
the neck of the gall-bladder to
join the hepatic : d. hepaticus,
'he-pat'-ik-us (Gr. hepatikos, affect-
ing the liver from hepar, the
liver), the hepatic duct, formed
by the union of the biliary pores,
and proceeds from the liver to
the duodenum : d. lachrymalis,
Idk^ri-mdl'-fo (L. lachrymalis,
lachrymal from Idchryma, a
tear), the lachrymal duct ; the
excretory ducts of the lachrymal
gland : d. thoracicus, thor>as f >
ik-us (Gr. thorax, the breast,
thordkos, of the breast; L. thorax,
thordcis}, the great trunk formed
by the junction of the absorbent
vessels.

dulcamara, n., dulJc'dm-dr^d (L.
dulcis, sweet ; amarus, bitter),
a common British hedge-plant,
called * bitter-sweet ' or ' woo.dy
nightshade, ' from the root ,when
chewed first tasting bitter, and
then sweet ; the Solanum dulca-
mara, Ord. Solanaceae : dulca-
marine, n., dul&d-mdr'in, an
extract from the plant,
dumose, a., dum-oz' (L. dumosus,
covered with bushes from dumus,
a thorn-bush), full of bushes ;
having a low, shrubby aspect.
duodenum, ,n., du'-d-den-um (L.
duodeni, twelve each), the first
portion of the small intestines im-
mediately succeeding the stomach,
which in man is about eight or ten
inches in length : duodenal, a.,
du'ti'den'-dl, connected with or
relating to the duodenum.
Dura-Mater, n., dur'd-mdt'-er (L.
durus, hard ; mater, a mother),
the semi-transparent outer mem-
brane which invests and protects
the brain and spinal cord.
duramen, n., dur-dm'-Zn (L. dur-
amen, hardness from durus,
hard), the inner or heart wood of
a tree.

Durio, n., dur^l-o (from duryon,
the native Malay name for the
fruit), a genus of trees, Ord.



Sterculiacese : Durio zibethinua,
zW-Wi'ln'-us (said to be from Arab.
zobeth, civet), the tree which pro-
duces the fruit called durian, or
civet durian, in the Indian Archi-
pelago ; the fruit is about the
size of a man's head, and con-
sidered the most delicious of
Indian fruits, though of a very
fetid odour.

Durvillea, n,, dur-viV-U-d (after
D'-Urville), a genus of sea-plants,
Ord. Algse : Durvillea utilis,
ut'U-is (L. utilis, useful), one of
the large - stemmed species of
Algae.

dynamics, n. plu., din-am' iks (Gr.
dunamis, power), that branch of

.mechanics which investigates the
effects of forces not in equilibrium

.but producing motion : dynam-
ometer, n,, dm'am-dm'Zt-er (Gr.
metron, a measure), an instrument
for measuring the muscular power
of men and animals.

dyscrasia, n., dis-krazti-d (Gr.
duscrdsia, a bad mixture from
dus, an in separable particle, denot-
ing 'with pain,' 'with difficulty,'
* badly ' ; krasis, a mixture), a
morbid or bad state of the vital
fluids.

dysentery, n., dis<ent-$r-i (Gr.
dus8nt$ria, L. dysentZria, a flux,
dysentery from dus, badly ;
entera, the bowels), a flux or
looseness of the bowels, with a
discharge -of blood and mucus,
and griping pains.

dysmenorrhoea, n., c?fe-rae7i-#r-re'a
(Gr. dus, badly ; menes, the
menstrual discharges ; rheo, I
flow), difficult menstruation.

dyspepsia, n., dis-peps'-i-d (Gr.
duspepsia, difficulty of digestion
from dus, badly ; pepto, I
digest), bad or difficult digestion.

dysphagia, n., diS'/ddf-i-a (Gr.
dus, badly ; phago, I eat), diffic-
ulty of swallowing.

dyspnoaa, n., disp-ne'-d (Gr. dusp-
noia, L. di/spncea, difficulty of
breathing from dus, badly; pneo,



DYS



135



ECH



I breathe), a difficulty of breath-
ing.

dysuria, n., dis-ur'i-a (Gr. dm,
badly ; ouron, urine), difficulty
in making urine.

Ebenacese, n. plu., W-Zn-d'se-e
(Gr. eb&nos. L. ebZnus, the ebon
tree, ebony), the Ebony family,
an Order of trees remarkable for
the durability and hardness of its
wood, and some bear edible fruits:
ebony, n., $b'8n>t, the black
duramen of the species Diospyros
reticulata and ebonum.

ebracteate, a., Z-brak'-te-dt (L. e,
from ; bracffia, a thin layer of
wood), in bot. f without a bract or
floral leaf.

eburnation, n., eb'-er-nd'-shun (L.
ebur, ivory), an ivory-like con-
dition of bone arising from dis-
ease, chiefly in connection with
rheumatoid arthritis.

Ecballium agreste, ek-bdl'li-Um
dg-r$st'& (Gr. ekballo, I cast out,
I expel ; L. agrestis, belonging
to the fields), or Ecballium offic-
inarum, tif-ftf-fa-drtfim (L. offic-
ma, the shop, qfflcindrum, of the
shops), the wild or squirting
cucumber ; the latter is the
officinal name of the Momordica
elaterium, Ord. Cucurbitacese.

ecchymosis, n., Zk'-i-m&ztts (Gr.
ek, out of; chumos, juice), livid
spots or blotches on the skin
arising from an escape of blood
into the connective tissues of the
skin, as may be caused by a fall or
blow, or resulting from disease ;
a bruise.

Eccremocarpus, n., $k'kr$-mo'
kdrp'&s (Gr. ekkremes, hanging
down ; karpos, fruit), a genus of
ornamental climbing plants, Ord.
Bignoniacese, so called from the
pendant character of its fruit :
Eccremocarpus scaber, skdb'-Zr
(L. scaber, rough), a commonly
cultivated species.
ecderon, n., ekf-der^n (Gr. ek, out
deros, skin, hide), in zool, the



outer of the two layers of that
part of the skin called 'ectoderm/
corresponding to the * epidermis '
in man, into which it shows a
tendency to break up.

ecdysis, n., Zk'dis-ts (Gr. ekdusis,
the act of stripping, an emerging),
a shedding or moulting of the
skin.

echinate, a., Wc-ln'dt or Wc'm-at
(L. echindtus, prickly : from Gr.
echinos, L. echinus, a sea-urchin,
a hedgehog), covered with
prickles like a hedgehog; prickly:
echinus, n., Zk-in'us, a sea-hedge-
hog ; the prickly head or top of a
plant.

Echinocactus, n., ^k-in'o-kak'-tus
(L. echinus, a hedgehog ; cactus,
the cactus), a genus of spiny
plants, Ord. Cactacese, of great
beauty and interest: Echinocactus
viznaga, mz-ndg'-a (vizndga, a
carrot-like ammi), a species which
attains large dimensions.

Echinococcus, n., 8&in'>#%?*,
Echinococci, n. plu., ek-m'6-kdk'
si (Gr. echinos, a hedgehog ; kok-
kos, a berry), the larval form of
a minute tapeworm of the dog,
the Tsenia echinococcus commonly
called ' hydatid ' ; known by
many other names, as Echinococ-
cus hominis, hdrn'-in-is (L. homo,
man, hommis, of man), a species
which infests man ; and E. veter-
inorum, vet'-gr-m-or'tim (L. veter-
inorum, of beasts of burden), a
species which infests cattle, etc.

Echinodermata, n. plu., Zk-in'-d'
derm' at- d (Gr. echinos, a sea-
hedgehog; derma, skin), a class
of animals comprising sea-urchins,
star-fishes, etc., most of which
have spiny skins : Echinoidea,
n., eTc'-in-dyd'-Z-a (Gr. eidos,
resemblance), an Order of. animals
which comprises sea-urchins.
Echinorhynchus, ,n., Zk-lri'-d-rmglf-
us (Gr. echinos, a hedgehog ;
rungchos, a snout, a beak), a
genus of intestinal worms :
Echinorhynchus gigas, jig' as (L.



ECH



136



ECY



gigas, a giant)^ a parasite which
infests the intestines of the pig.

echinulate, a., ek-in'-ul-dt (dim. of
L. echinus, a hedgehog), possessed
of small spines or prickles.

Echites, n. plu., ek-it'ez (Gr. echis>
a viper,, from its smooth, twining
shoots), a beautiful genus of ever-
green twiners, Ord. Apocynacese :
Echites scholaris, skdl-dr'-is (L.
scholdriS) scholarly from schola,
a school), a species used in India
as a tonic : E. antidysenterica,
ant'-i'dis-en'tWiTc-a (Gr. anti,
against; dusenterikos, one wha
has the dysentery), a species said
to be astringent and febrifugal.

Echium, n., ekf-i-um (Gr. echis, a
viper), a pretty genus of shrubs,
Ord. Boraginacese, whose seeds
are said to resemble the head of
the viper.

eclampsia, n.., ek-lamps'-i-a (Gr.
eklampsis,. a shining forth from
ek, forth; lampein, to shine), a
convulsive attack, so termed from
its suddenness.

ecraseur, n., ek'-raz.-dr' (F. from
ecraser? to crush, to grind), a
surgical instrument for removing
tumours by a combined process-
of crushing and tearing, attended
by much less bleeding than
cutting out.

ecstasy, n., ek'stas-% (Gr. ekstasis,
change of state from ek, out;
stasis, standing, state), intense
nervous anclemotionalexcitement,
in which the functions of the
senses are suspended, and which
is frequently accompanied by
rigid immobility of one or more
series of muscles.

ectasis, n., ek'tas*is (Gr. ektdsis,.
extension), the dilated condition
of an artery, as in aneurisms, or
of a vein, as in varices ; usually
applied to the dilatation of small
blood-vessels.

ecthyma, n., Vk'thlm'-ci (Gr. ek-
thuma, an eruption), a skin
disease consisting of large,

circular, raised pustules, sur-



rounded by livid, purplish
zones.

Ectocarpus, n., Zk'td-Mrp'us (Gr.
ektos, outside; karpos, fruit), a
genus of dark - green marine
plants, Ord. Algae, whose thecse
are not enclosed, hence the
name.

ectocyst, n.,. %k'to>s$st (Gte ektos ,
outside; kustis, a bladder),, in
zool., the external investment of
the coenoecium of a polyzoon.

ectoderm, n., ek'-to-derm (Gr.
ektos, outside; derma,, skia), in
z&ol.,. the external integumentary
layer of the Coelenterata, corre-
sponding to- the- epidermis in
man ; the outer or upper layer of
cells into which the blastoderm
is divided after the completion of
the segmenting process..

ectopia, n., ek-tdp'i-a (Gr. ek,, out
of; topos, place), the displacement
of a part : ectopia cordls, ktird'is
(L. cor, the heart, cordis, of the
heart), the displacement of the
heart, in which the heart is situ-
ated outside the chest at birth :
e. vesicse, vZs-i'se (K vesica, the
bladder, veslcce, of the bladder), a
deficiency in the abdominal wall
of the bladder, in which the
bladder appears as a red surface
on which the ureters open.

ectosarc, n., Zk'to-sdrk (Gr. ektos,
outside ;. sarx, flesh,, sarkos, of
flesh), in zool., the outer trans-
parent sarcode-layer of certain
rhizopods, such as the Amoeba.

ectozoon, n., ek'-to-z&tin, ectozoa,
n. plu., Vlc'to-zo'-a (Gr. ektos, out-
side ;. zodn, an animal,, zod,
animals), animal parasites which
attach themselves to the skin of
the human body, as 'the itch
insect,.' fc the louse/ * the chegoe,'
and 'the Guinea worm.'

ectropion, n., %k>trop r >l'0n, also
ectropium, n., -i-um (Gr. ek,
out ; trepo, I turn), a disease in
which the eyelids are everted.

ecyphellate, a., e-sif'el-ldt (Gr.
e, for ex or ek, without ; Eng.



ECZ



137



cyphellate), in hot., not having
minute sunken cup-like spots.
eczema, n., e&zem-d (Gr. ekzesis,
an eruption on the skin from
ek, out; zeo, I boil), a catarrhal
affection of the skin, which may be
an erythema, a vesicle, a pustule,
a fissure, etc.., and has received
various names accordingly, as ec-
zema chronicmn, krtin'ik-um (Gr.
chronos, time),, chronic eczema;
also psoriasis; a chronic inflam-
mation of the skin,, associated
with some thickening,, and the
formation- of cracks and fissures ;
popularly, the disease in horses
is called 'rat tails, ' from' the elev-
ated patches of scabs on the-
back part of the limbs : e. im-
petigjnodes^ im'-pet-idf-in-dd'-ez
(L. impetigo, a skin disease, im-
petigmes, skin diseases),, the
eruption in dogs suffering from,
red mange ;. grocer's, itch : e.
rubrum, roob'rum (L. rubrum,
red), the common red mange of
smooth terriers and greyhounds;,
the eruption of vesicles occurring
on an inflamed skin : e. simplex,
sim'pleks (L. simplex, simple, un-
mixed), one of the mangy affec-
tions of dogs ; 'humid tetter v
in man: e. solare, solace (L.
Solaris, belonging to- the sun
from sol, the sun), an eruption
on the skin from the effects of
the sun or heated air in summer ;,
heat spots: eczematous, a., ek-
zem'at'US, of or belonging to the
disease eczema.

Edentata* n, pirn, e^nt-af-d (L.
e, without ; dens, a tooth* dentes,
teeth),, an Order of Mammalia,, so
called because destitute of front
or incisive teeth: edentate, a.,
e-dent'-at, without front teeth;,
deprived of teeth: edentulous,
a., e-den^ul'^s, toothless; ap-
plied to the mouth of an animal
without dental apparatus; ap-
plied to the hinge of the bivalve
molluscs.

Edriophthalmata, n. plu., ed'-ri*



EJA

(Gr. hedraios,
sitting, sedentary from hedzo, I
sit; ophthalmos, an eye), the
division of the Crustacea in
which the eyes are not supported
upon stalks : edriophthalmous,
a., -thal'mtis, having immovable
sessile eyes.

efferent, a. ,. ef'fer-Znt (L. ef for ex,
out \.ferO) 1 bear or carry), con-
veying from or outwards ; carry-
ing from the centre to. the periph-
ery: n., a vessel which carries
outwards, distinguished from
afferent,, which means- ' conveying
into or towards* '

effervescence, n. , ef'fer-ves'sZns
(L, efferrvesco, I boil up or over)>
the frothing or bubbling up of
liquids from the generation and
escape of gas.

effloresco, 1 blow or bloom as^ a
flower), a mealy-like substance
which covers certain minerals
when exposed to the influence of
the atmosphere; the conversion
of a solid substance into a powdbr.

effluvium, m, ef-fl6v't-um (L.
effluvium, a. flowing out from ex,
out; fluo, I flow),, the invisible
vapour arising from putrefying
matter or from diseased bodies.

effusion, n., ef-fuzh'-un (L. effusus,
poured out or forth from ex^ out;

fmus, poured),, the act of pouring
a liquid into, or over;, what is
poured out..

egranulose, a., &gran'ul>oz (L. e,
without; Eng. granulose} r inbot.,
without granules.

EhretiacesB, m plu., e'r'esh'<i'd's$'e
(after Ehret,, a German botanical
draughtsman),, a Sub-order of
plants, Ord. Boraginaceae :
Ehretia, n.., er*esTi'i'a,. a genus of
plants of much beauty.

ejaculator, n.,. e-jak'-ul'dt'-tir (L.
ejaculdtus, cast or thrown out),
name of one or two muscles :
ejaculatores, n>. plu., e-jak'-ul-at-
6r'-ez, the two muscles which sur-
round the bulb of the urethra.



EL.E



138



ELE



Elaeagnaceae, n.pl
(Gr. elaios, the wild olive; agnos,
the 'agnus castus' or chaste tree),
the Oleaster family, an Order of
trees and shrubs usually covered
with silvery stellate hairs : Else-
agnus, n., We-tig'-ntis, a genus,
several species of .which bear edible
fruit : Elseagnus arborea, dr-bor'>
$*d (L. arbtirZus, treelike from
arbor, a tree) ; E. conferta, k$n-

fert'a(Ij. confertus, thick, dense);
andE. Orientalis, or r 'i-%nt-al'-is(Ij.
Orientalis, Eastern from oriens,
the rising sun), species which
yield eatable fruit, the latter a
dessert fruit called 'zinzeya':
E. parvifolia, pdrv^-fol^-d (L.
parvus, little; folium, a leaf),
yields an edible fruit, has highly
fragrant flowers, and abounds in
honey.

ElseocarpesB, n. plu. ,%l'e-o-kdrp'$'e
(Gr. elaios, a wild olive ; karpos,
fruit), a Sub-order of plants, Ord.
Tiliacese, whose fruit has been
compared to an olive : Elaeo-
carpus, n., Zl'-e-d-kdrp'-us, a very
beautiful genus of plants, the
bark is used as a tonic.

Elseodendron, n., ^V-e-o-d'end'-r^n
(Gr. elaios, a wild olive ; dendron,
a tree), an ornamental genus of
plants, Ord. Celastraceae.

Elais, n., %1-af-is (Gr. elaia, an
olive tree), a genus of palm trees,
Ord. Palmse, from the fruit of
which the natives of Guinea ex-
press an oil as the Greeks do from
the olive, hence the name : Elais
Guineensis, gin'-e^ns'is (from
Guinea, in Africa) ; and E. melan-
ococca, mel'-an-o-lcdk'.Jca (Gr.
melan, black; ^kokkos, a seed, a
berry), species of palms from
whose fruit the palm-oil imported
from the "W. Coast of Africa is
obtained.

Elaphrium, n., el-a/'ri-tim (Gr.
elaphros, light, of no value),
a genus of ornamental trees, Ord.
Burseracese, whose wood is of no
value : Elaphrium tomentosum,



tdm''%nt'dz'ii,m (L. tomentum, a
stuffing for cushions), yields the
Indian Tacamahac, a balsamic
bitter resin.

Elasmobranchii, n. plu., Zl-as'-md-
brangk'-i-l (Gr. elasma, a plate of
metal; brangchia, the gills of fish),
an Order of fishes, including the
sharks and rays.

elaterium, n., Zl'-at.er'.i.tim (L.
elaterium, Gr. elaterion, the juice
of the wild cucumber from Gr.
elater, a driver), the sediment
from the expressed juice of the
squirting gourd or wild cucumber,
which is a powerful drastic purg-
ative : elaterin, n., %1-at'er-m, the
active principle of elaterium :
elaters, n. plu., U'-at-ers, elastic,
spirally - twisted filaments for
dispersing spores, found with
spores in liverworts, etc.

Elatinaceae, n. plu., el'-at'tn-a'se-e
(Gr. elate, a pine tree, from the
supposed resemblance of the
leaves of some of them to thoss
of the pine), the Water-pepper
family, an Order of marsh plants
found in all parts of the world :
Elatine, n., el-dt'm-e, a genus of
curious little aquatic plants.

elecampane, n., el'&'kdm-pdn' (F.
enule-campane; L. inula helenium
from Gr. Jielenion, a plant said
to have sprung from Helen's
tears), the common name of
Inula Helenium, whose root has
stimulant and aromatic qualities.

electrode, n., Z-letttrod (Gr. elek-
tron,. amber; hodos, a way), the
direction of an electric current ;
the extremities of the conductors
through which the electric current
enters or quits a body.

electuary, n., Z-lek'-tu-er-t (mid.
L. electudrium, a confection
from Gr. ek, out ; leicho, I lick),
a medicine made up as a con-
fection with honey or sugar.

elemi, n., H'-em-l (F. elemi, but
probably a native word), a resin-
ous substance from several species
of trees, brought from Ethiopia



ELE



139



EMB



in masses of a yellowish colour,
from species of Canarium com-
mune and balsamiferum, Ord.
Burseracese.

elephantiasis, n., tl'Z-f&n'ttffe-te
(Gr. elephas, an elephant, ele-
phantis, of an elephant), a disease
of the skin, in whicli it becomes
thick and rugose ; the disease
chiefly affects the lower limbs,
and depends on different causes.

Elettaria, n., &&&**& (elettdri,
a Malabar word for the lesser
cardamom), a genus of plants,
Ord. Zingiberacese : Elettaria
cardamomum, kdrd'am'dm'um
(Gr. karddmdn, a kind of cress),
the species which yields the
Malabar cardamoms, the fruit
being ovoid and three - sided :
E. major, mddf-dr (L. major,
greater), a variety, formerly so
called, growing in Ceylon.

eleutheropetalous, a.,, $l-doth'-$r-d'
pU'-al-tis (Gr. eleutheros, free ;
petalon, an unfolded leaf), in bot.,
polypetalous : eleutherosepalous,
a., -s$p'dl'U8 (a simple arbitrary
conversion of petalon into sepalon),
polysepalous.

elixir, n., %-liks'ir (Ar. el iksir,
the philosopher's stone), a refined
spirit ; a medicine supposed to be
particularly efficacious.

ellipsoidal, a., WKp-dfdM (I*
ellipsis, Gr. elleipsis, an ellipsis,
an omission ; Gr. eidos, resem-
blance), nearly oval in shape.

Elodea, n., Zl-od'e-d (Gr. elodes,
marshy, boggy), a ^genus of
aquatic plants, Ord. Hypericacese.

elutriation, n., e'ldt'ri-d'sh'tin (L.
elutridtus, washed out from e, out
of; lutus, washed), a process of
washing for separating the finer
particles of a powder from the
coarser; also for separating the
lighter earthy parts of metallic
ores.

Elymus, n., Wfm-fa (Gr. eluo, I
cover or wrap up), a genus of
plants, Ord. Graminese : Elymus
condensatus, Itfn'-d&ns-df-fta (L.



condensdtus, made very dense-
from con, together ; densus, dense,
close), the bunch-grass of Cali-
fornia, an early fodder-grass in
Britain : E. arenarius, ar'Zn-dr-
I'tis (L. drendrm, a sand-pit),
this species, and Ammophila
arenaria, form the 'bent* and
* marram ' of our own shores.

elytrum, n., &l'U-rum, elytra, n.
plu., WU.r& (Gr. elutron, a
covering or sheath), the hard
wing-sheaths of beetles ; scales
or plates on the back of the sea-
mouse, Aphrodite : elytriform,
SL.^l'^ri-fdrm (L. forma, shape),
in the form of a wing-sheath :
elytrine, n., W-U-rtn, the sub-
stance of the coriaceous wing-
sheaths of such insects as
beetles.

emarginate, a., %-mdrj'm-dt (L.
emargindtus, deprived of its edge
from e, out of ; margo, the
extremity or margin), in bot.,
having a notch at the end or
summit, as if a piece had been
cut out.

embolism, n., %m'b$l-fam (Gr.
embollsma, a patch ; embdlos,
what is thrust or put in from
en, in ; ballo, I throw or cast),
the plugging or blocking of an
artery by any migratory foreign
body, as an air bubble, an oil
globule, a blood clot, or a granule
of fibrin e ; also called embole,
%m'-bol-e: embolon, n., Vrn'-btil'tin,
the clot or other matter which,
carried into the circulation of
the blood, produces an embolism.



Online LibraryJames StormonthA manual of scientific terms, pronouncing, etymological, and explanatory, chiefly comprising terms in botany, natural history, anatomy, medicine, and veterinary science, with an appendix of specific names. Designed for the use of junior medical students, and others studying one or other of these sci → online text (page 20 of 68)