James Stuart.

A history of the Zulu Rebellion, 1906 : and of Dinuzulu's arrest, trial, and expatriation online

. (page 35 of 52)
Online LibraryJames StuartA history of the Zulu Rebellion, 1906 : and of Dinuzulu's arrest, trial, and expatriation → online text (page 35 of 52)
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lined by his men, to be searched by Wilson's guns, using
shrapnel.

One squadron, N.C., lined the ridge on the right of
Izinsimba, another was posted higher up the stream,
whilst, as has been seen, a strong force was holding the
ridge on Woolls-Sampson's left flank.

By now, Woolls-Sampson had moved down the greater
part of his column (dismounted) to block the Izinsimba
valley more effectually, preparatory to driving up the
stream, in which direction it was then evident the enemy
was concealed and in force. After making such disposi-
tions as were necessary, the drive began.

Leuchars did not take part in the earlier movements
that occurred near where the Indaka and Imbuyana
streams enter the Izinsimba. What happened with his
column was this : Arnott, with B.M.R. (two squadrons),
and N.C. (D squadron), had been directed to occupy
ground immediately opposite that held by Woolls-
Sampson. Arnott's guide mistook the path, which resulted
in his pushing too far down the Izinsimba, i.e. about 800
yards below Woolls-Sampson. Such position was reached
at dawn. The error, however, proved advantageous, as
the troops were just in time to prevent the escape of about
150 rebels who were between N.M.R. and B.M.R. They
were driven up the Izinsimba and dealt with later.

As, by this time (10.30 a.m.), it was clear that a con-
siderable portion, if not the whole of Matshwili's impi
had been completely surrounded, McKenzie ordered the
principal valley to be driven downwards towards Woolls-
Sampson, whose men (N.M.R. and N.D.M.R.), then out
of sight in the irregularly-shaped and bushy valley, were
already slowly and cautiously driving upwards.^ The
former troops {i.e. those driving downwards) consisted of
portions of Mackay's and Leuchars' columns acting in
combination, notably N.C. and L. and Y.

1 B.M.R. also took part in driving up the stream.



390 THE ZULU REBELLION

The drives, which were through rough and rocky
country, took about three hours to complete. Two or
three of the small, precipitous ravines opening into "the
main valley, especially on the right side of the stream,
were also driven. During the drives, numerous armed
rebels were come upon in various parts. These made the
best use they could of their assegais and shields. There
was plenty of cover, bushes as well as rocks, but before
long the enemy realized that he had been completely
hemmed in. He continued to fight to the last, though at
considerable disadvantage, because of having broken up
into small groups. The " Usutu " war-cry was used when-
ever any lot made up their minds to charge or hurl their
assegais.

Mansel left Ngudwini camp at midnight with 146
N.P. ; two guns, N.F.A. ; and 100 N.N.C. (Com-
mander F. Hoare). His force co-operated generally
at Izinsimba. It crossed the Tugela, drove the thorn
country near the river, captured 100 cattle belonging
to rebels, and returned to Ngudwini during the after-
noon.

The operations at Izinsimba proved very successful.
The enemy's losses amounted to 547 killed, including
Matshwili, his son, his principal induna, Dabulumbimbi,^
Mahlanga,^ a Native Christian preacher (who, though
carrying a Bible and hymn-book, was fully armed), as
well as many of those who had taken part in the attack
on Campbell's convoy six days before. The rebels' camp,
consisting of many temporary war-huts, evidently hastily
vacated, was found in a bend of the stream under a lot
of shady trees.

It was already late in the afternoon when the forces
withdrew, after a heavy day's work, to the base at
Thring's Post.

L. and Y. (Peakman), who, as part of Leuchars' column,
took part in the drives, were of much assistance. The
L. and Y. infantry deserve a special word of praise. Not

^ The man who led Matshwih's itnpi when Campbell was attacked.
2 c/. p. 346.



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Online LibraryJames StuartA history of the Zulu Rebellion, 1906 : and of Dinuzulu's arrest, trial, and expatriation → online text (page 35 of 52)