James Talboys Wheeler.

Early records of British India; a history of the English settlements in India, as told in the government records, the works of old travellers, and other contemporary documents, from the earliest perio online

. (page 1 of 33)
Online LibraryJames Talboys WheelerEarly records of British India; a history of the English settlements in India, as told in the government records, the works of old travellers, and other contemporary documents, from the earliest perio → online text (page 1 of 33)
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EARLY RECORDS OF BRITISH INDIA



A HISTORY



ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS IN INDIA, .

AS TOLD IN THE GOVERNMENT RECORDS, THE WORKS OF OLD TRAVELLERS,

AND OTHER CONTEMPORARY DOCUMENTS, FROM THE EARLIEST

PERIOD DOWN TO THE RISE OF BRITISH POWER IN INDIA.



to > a •



J. TALBOYS WHEELER,



LATE ASSISTANT SECRETARY TO THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT
AUTHOR OF "A HISTORY OF INDIA FROjM THE EARLIEST AGES;"
"THE GEOGRAPHY OF HERODOTUS;" ETC.



A NEW EDITION.



CALCUTTA :
W. NEWMAN & CO., 3, DALHOUSIE SQUARE,

AND

THACKER, SPINK & CO., 5 & 6, GOVERNMENT PLACE.



1879.






CALCjura'A : ; ;

PRINTED BY W. NEWMAN Ay^D'.QO., AjV'ni p'AJr.\ IX THE SEVENTEEA'TH CENTURY,

A. P. IGOO TO 1700.

Enrly English settlements ....

Division of India: — Hindustan, Dekban, Peninsul

Hindus under Muhammadan rule

Afghans and Sloghuls .

Moghul Empire in India

Akbar, 1556-1605 .

Policy of Akbar .

Partialitj' for Hindus and Europeans

Inherent weakness of Moghul rule

Moghul despotism

Land tenures ....

Eenter and husbandman

Proprietory right of the Sovereign

Eights of inheritance refused to olRce-holdei

Life in public

Government in the provinces

Eevenue system

Presents

Moghul Court

Eebellions

Jehangir, 1605-1627 .

Shah Jehan, 1628-1658

Aurungzeb, 1658 to 1707

Bigotry and hypocrisy

War between the four princes

Eeign of Aurungzeb

Eise of the Mahrattas .

Sivaji, the Mahratta

War against Sivaji

Sivaji at Delhi

Death of Sivaji, 1680 .

Aurungzeb takes the field



VAGV.

1

ib.

2
ib.

3
ib.
ib.

4

5
ib.

6
ib.

7
ib.

8
ib.

9
10
ib.
11
12
ib.
ib.

ib.
14

ib.
15
ib.
ib.
16
ib.



X



CONTENTS.



Persecuting wars against Hindus 16

Wars in Rajputaua 17



CHAPTER II.



ENGLISH AT SURAT AND BOMBAY.



A. D. 1600 TO 1700.
Early settlement at Surat
Hostility of the Portuguese .
Pomp of the President ....
Visit of Mandelslo ....

Surat Custom House ....
Entertainment at the English house
Order of the English Factory

Tea

English Garden

Amusements at Surat . . ■ .

Journey to Ahmadabad . . , .

Eajput outlaws .....

Ahmadabad .....

Ahmadabad maintains 12,000 horse. The Governor's wealtl

His Court

His expense

Mandelslo visits the Governor cf Ahmadabad

Their discourse

Dinner .......

A second visit to the Governor

Opium .......

Character of the Governor of Ahmadabad
His cruelty. Mandelslo leaves Ahmadabad
Visit of Fryer to Surat ....

The English Factory ....

Full of noise

The four Chief Offices ....
The Company's Servants, and their Salaries
The under factories modelled by this
The Presidency .....
The advantage of being at the Council .
The baseness of the Banians
Number of persons in the Factory
State of the President ....
All places in India subject to the Presidency, with their conimo
dities



18
ib.
ib.
19
ib.
20
21
23
ib.
ib.
ib.
23
ib.
ib.
24
ib.
ib.
ib.
25
ib.
26
27
28
iby

ib.

29
ib.
30
ib.
ib.
31
ib.
ib.
ib.



33



CONTENTS.



XI



Frcc-



Si



The Investment set on foot in the rains

Tills trade raanaiijed by a Company better than by

Their Freemen fjreater slaves than their Servants

The Charges of the English Company not so i,a-eat as

landers

Their Charter pnt in force ....
The course of the Presidents ....
The English defend themselves with honour a,, ^fj!!iy . . 144,

Clive relieves Trichinopoly by the capture and defence of Arcot . ib.

Glory of Clive 145

English Nawab at Arcot : French Nizani at Hyderabad . . ib.



CHAPTER VI.

ENGLISH IN BENGAL.

A. D. 1640 TO 1750

Moghul obstructiveness .

Old hatred of the Portuguese

]\Iussulman complaints against the Portuguese

Revenge of Shah Jehan on Hughli, 1C32

English at Piply, 1633 ....

English trade duty free, 1640

English factory at Hughli

Saltpetre factory at Patna

Absence of records at Calcutta

War between the sons of Shah Jehan, 1666

Moghul wars for the succession

Invasion of Bengal by the King of Arakan

Ravages of the Rajas of Assam and Cooch Behar

Amir Jumla, Viceroy of Bengal, 1658

Shaista Khan, Viceroy, 1664 .

Punishment of the King of Arakan

Suppression of Portuguese pirates .

Complaints of the English

Commutation of duties .

Tavemier's journey from Agra to Dacca and Hughli, 1665-66

Agra ......

Bengal Revenue ....

Rhinoceros .....

Aurungabad .....



147

ib,

ib.
148
149

ib.
150

ib.

ib.

ib.
151

ib.
152

ib.

ib.
153

ib.

ib.
154

ib.

ib.

ib.

ib.
155



Xviii CONTENTS.

VL6t

River Ganges 155

Allahabad ib.

Crossing a river 156

Benares ib.

Patna 157

Eajmahal ........... ib.

Parting from Bernier . . ' ib.

Crocodiles ib.

Dacca 158

Visits tbe Nawab 159

Hospitalities 160

Huglili ib.

Tavernier's grievances ......... ib.

Persecution of Hindus, 1680 ....... 161

Jezya demanded from Europeans ....... ib.

The English oppressed ib.

Mr. Job Channock ib.

Ibrahim Khan, Nawab, 1689. Foundation of Calcutta . . . 162

Loss of the saltpetre trade ib.

Hindu rebellion in Bengal, 1696 ib.

Azim-u-shan, Viceroy, 1696 163

Foi-tification of Calcutta ib.

English hold the rank of Zemindar il9.

Objections over ruled 164

Murshed Kuli Khan, Nawab, 1707 ib.

Zemindars oppressed ib.

Employment of new collectors 165

Bemeasurement of lands ib.

Subsistence allowances to Zemindars ib.

Zemindars of Bhirbhum and Kishnaghur exempted . . . ib.

Submission of Tipperah, Cooch Behar, and Assam .... 166

Administration of justice • . ib.

Despotic powers 167

Kajas refused seats ib.

Zemindars prohibited palanqviins ib.

Eeasons for employing only Bengalis ib.

Story of Raja Oudy Narain ib.

Zemindari of Rajeshahi 168

Daily audit of accounts ib.

Torture of Zemindars ib.

Cruelties of the Deputy Dewan ib.

Demands of Murshed Kuli Khan upon the English . . . 169

The Governor sets aside thi; privileges of the English, 1713 . , ib.

English embassy to Delhi, 1715 , . 170



CONTENTS.



XIX



Judli



Daur



Delhi unknown to the English at Calcutta
Records of the embassy preserved at Madras .
Farrukh Siyar made Emperor by the two Sayyids
Khan Dauran hostile to the two Saj-yids
Extracts from the Madras rec irds .
Reception of the English embassy at Delhi
Embassy advised by Zoudi Khan .
Breach between the Emperor and the two Sayyids
Husain sent to be Viceroy of the Dekhan
Daiid Khan ordered to cut off Husain .
Expected rupture ......

Return of the Emperor to Delhi

Sickness of Fariukh Siyar ....

Death of Daiid Khan .....

Man-iage of Farrukh Siyar to the daughter of the
English surgeon rewarded ....

Business of the embassy delayed by the marriage
Slow progress ......

Mutiny of the Moghul army at Delhi .

Arrest and massacre of the Sikhs at Delhi

Strange procrastination and forgetfulness of Khan

More delays ...

Fighting at the Moghul Court

Alarm of the Moghul .....

Farewell audience ......

Troubles of the English doctor

Death of Hamilton : inscription on his tomb .

Bloody quarrels at Delhi ....

Murder of the Emperor Farrukh Siyar .

Captain Hamilton's account of the English settlements

1720

Ruin of Piply by the removal to Hugli and Calcutt
Coxe's and Sagor Islands ....

Anchorage at Rogue's River ....

Danish house ......

Calcutta, Juanpardoa, and Radnagur

Ponjelly

Tanna Fort

Governapore .......

Settlement at Calcutta by Job Channock, 1G90
Despotic power of Mr. Channock .
Story of Mr. Channock's native wife
Fort William and English houses .
Story of Sir Edward Littleton



ur K;



ija



PAGB

170
171

ib.

ib.

ib.

ib.
172
174
175

ib.

ib.
176

ib.

ib.



177

ib.

ib.
178
179
180

ib,
182

ib.

ib.
183

ib.
184
185

ib.

186

ib.
187

ib.
188

ib.

ib.



ib

ib!
189

ib.

ib.
190

ib.



XX



CONTENTS.



Mr. Weldoii

Scandals about bribes

Divine Service ....

Governor's house ....

Hospital, garden, and fish-ponds

Docks on the opposite bank .

Social Hfe of the English in Bengal

English soldiers ....

Transit duties levied by petty Eajas

Different religions

Injustice of the English Governors

Story of Captain Perrin and Governor Sheldon

Hamilton's interference

Story of the Persian wine

Territory and population of the Company

Barnagul ....

Danish colony

Danish and French Companies

Dutch factory at Chiusura

Hughli .

Cossimbazar .

Murshedabad

Malda .

Patna .



s settlement



190
191

ib.

ib.

ib.
192

ib.

ib.



193

ib.

ib.

ib.
194
195

ib.

ib.

ib.
196

ib.

ib.
197

ib.

ib.

ib.
198

ib.
199

lb.

ib.
200

ib.

ib.

ib.
201

ib.

ib.
202
203

ib.
204,
205

ib.
206

ib.



Benares .

Dacca .

Chittagong .

Sundiva

A hundred pagans to one Mussulman

Lightness of Moghul taxation

Hamilton's imperfect information

Death of Murshed Kuli Khan

Rise of Aliverdi Khan .

Raja of the Chukwars .

Independence of the old Eaja : submission of the y

Treachery of Aliverdi Khan

Persian invasion under Nadir Shah, 17

Afghan conquest of Persia ; rise of Nad

Causes of the Persian invasion of India

Incapacity, corruption, and treachery

Massacre, outrage, and spoliation .

Breaking up of the Moghul Empire

State of Bengal ....

The Seits or Hindu bankers .



oung



Raja



f38



-39
Shah



CONTENTS.



XXI



Lawlessnesi5 of the Nawab

Conspiracy .....

Rebellion of Aliverdi Khan, 174^1-12

Usurpation of Aliverdi Klian, 1742

Mahrattas invade Bengal. 1742-o0

War between England and France, 1741.

Peace between English and French in India, 1754



PiQK

207

ib.

ib.
208

ib.

ib.
209



CHAPTER VII.

CALCUTTA AND ITS CAPTUKK.
A. D. 1750 TO 1756

State of Calcutta, 1750-5G .
Mahratta ditch ....

Population

Calcutta of 1752 and 1876 compared



Online LibraryJames Talboys WheelerEarly records of British India; a history of the English settlements in India, as told in the government records, the works of old travellers, and other contemporary documents, from the earliest perio → online text (page 1 of 33)