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LI B R.ARY
,, OF THE
UNIVERSITY
Of ILLINOIS

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TH

V. 52-54



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DEiHCATixr, to Dr. Arthur Newell
Talbot this first issue of the 1937-
38 Technograph gives the staff one
of the greatest pleasures of the season. It
is very fitting and proper that our humble
appreciation of his great work be shown
at the time when he will soon celebrate
his eightieth birthday. Tom Morrow has
written an account of Dr. Talbot's past
achievements for the readers of the Tech.

• You would imdoubtedly like to
know of your R. t). T. C. Engineer
friends' escapades during their summer
camp at Camp Custer. A series of "shorts"
of the "Engineers at Camp" will give you
a brief picture of the highlights during
their stay in Michigan.

• Deans Enger and Jordan have each
contributed a few words of wisdom to
those who will look for them on "The
Deans" Page."

• For those of you who are interested
in keeping up your "Beau Engineer" ap-
pearance, we have included a page of sug-
gestions to help you in the purchase of
your fall wardrobe.

• All of you interested in your school
friends' activities this past summer will
find some bits of interest among the "Sum-
mer Snapshots" and the "Alumni Notes."




THE ILLINOIS

TECHNOGRAPH

UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS
Established in 1885



SEPTEMBER, 1937
Volume 52 Number 1



Contents



Three Million Pound Tesdni; .Machine Frontispiece

l>o('tor .Arthur Newell Talbot :{

K. (). T. ('. Knsineers l^njoy "\ae:ttion" ;i

The Deans' Pane (!

Who's Who ;

Te<'hnol'asliions 8

Bits Ahout 'Km 10

Summer Snapshots VI

Technokralis J(i



H. E. GOEKE Editor

H. W. ATKINSON Business Manager

PROF. J. J. DOL.\Nn Faculty .\dvi.spr



EDITORI.\I, ST.\FF

Seniors — S. Bermaii. P. H. Ka.ir. M. Retonde, J. M.

Roliertson. R. O. Stack.
Juniors — >I. K. Carr, I. T. Chapman, E. S. Fraser.

T. M. Morrow, J. S. Wenger.
Sofhomorcs — P. F. Flamni. B. Klchan, R. B. Primm.

L. W. Schlimm. J. .S. Sh.inland. .S. D. Sniith.
^-^ J. I.. Waisniaii,



'^



BUSINESS STAFF



Seniors — J. M. Ericson, G. R. Fouts. A. A. Krivn,

i^Zy L. T. LeBron. R. I. Leland. L. T. McCleish. T.

' C. McKibben. E. J. Rezabek. S. "W. Ryden. B.

T. Schwar. C. \V. Stone, F. G. Zimmerman.

Juniors—E. T. i[oroni, J. F. Sass. R. J. Sivlev, A.

F. Weers.

Sophomores— W. H. Blatti. F. A. Randall. X. W.
Seip.



.MEMBERS OF ENGINEERING COT. LEGE MAGAZINES ASSOCIATED

Cliairmaii, Richard \V. Beckman. Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa

Arkansas Engineer. Colorado Engineer, Cornell Engineer, Illinois
Technograph, Iowa Engineer, Iowa Transit, Kansas Engineer. Kansas State
Engineer. Marquette Engineer, Michigan Technic, Minnesota Techno-1-og. Ne-
braska Blue Print, North Dakota State Engineer. Ohio State Engineer, Oregon
State Technical Record, Penn State Engineer, Pennsylvania Triangle, Piu^diie
Engineer. New York University Ouadrangle. Rose Technic. Tech Engineering
News, \'iIlanova Engineer. Washington State Engineer, Wisconsin Engineer



Published six times during the year (September, November. December. Feb-
ruary, March, and May) by the IlHni Publishing Company. Entered as second
class matter. October 30, 1921, at the post office of Urbana, Illinois. Office
213 Engineering Sail. Urbana, Illinois. Subscriptions, $1,00 per year.
Single copy 20 cents. Reprint rights reserved by The Illinois Technograph.




The 3,000,000 Pound Testing Machine



THE ILLINOIS TECHNOCRAPH

Published Six Times Yearly by the Students of the C allege of Engineering, University of Illinois



Vol nine LI I



SEPTKMRER, 1937



Number 1



For Distinguished Service



Dr. Arthur Newell Talbot



THK .MoDKHX AniPrican listens
to his raiiii) and thinks of the
wiinciirs of Marconi ; lie stares
ami listens while his favorite actors ami
actresses move on the screen before
him. and he marvels at the se'iius of
ISdison : he also thinks of Eklison when
he is reminded of the modern miracle
of light: and few Americans hear the
drone of an airplane overhead with-
out jjaying: silent tribute to the Wright
hrothers. It is an entirely different
story, however, when we consider the
men who are responsible for such
things as the great advances in public
health, for the modern jiaved highwa>'
with its graceful high-siieed curves, for
the great bulk and beauty of the huge
bridges of our day. or for the lowb'
roadbeds of the great railways uiion
which the success of the new one-hun-
dred mile-per-hour trains depends so
much. We must admit that most of us
have much further off the tips of our
tongues the names of the men respon-
sible for these great achievements of
our day.

Kiahty Yeai-s Old

One of the men who is largely re-
sponsible for much of the development
in publii' health, highway.s. bridges, and
railways is Doctor Arthur Newell Tal-
bot. Here is a scientist in the fullest
sense of the word, for Doctor Talliot.
as he approaches his eightieth birth-
day, still carries on with the research
that has made him. besides one of the
outstanding educators of his day, one
of the most prominent engineers in the
world.

Easy to Inteiriew

Although I had been slightly ac-
quainted with Doctor Talbot for over
a year. I was nevertheless, ill at ease
when I went over to his home one eve-
ning- to get from him some of the facts
presented in this account. Doctor Tal-
bot, however, in his warm and friendly
manner, soon had me feeling perfect-
ly at home. Tall and straight, his white
hair giving him a dignity well fitting
to his positicin. there is little to remind
one that hi' is to celebrate his eightieth
birthday on October 21st of this year.

Doctor Talliot was born in IS.'iT. at
Ciirtland. Illinois, not many miles west
of Chicago. His parents had been
brought as children from England ami
Canada to newly settled northern Illi-
nois, where the construction of rail-
roads west from Chicago was stimu-
lating the growth of new villages and
attracting settlers from the East and
from foreign countries.

He received his early education in
the Cortland grade school and in the
high school at .Sycamore, Illinois, about
five miles from Cortland. This distance




Greetings to Freshmen

By

.Arthur N, T.\lbot



PJ l.vi V yi'ars aijo 1 came lo
(2j& ''"' I'linpus of the Univer-
sity of Illinois as a fresh-
man. Then, as iwu:, the neiv
scenes and n e ii; surroiindinijs
brought lo llie entering student
novelty, thrill, anticipation, mis-
givings, ambition. .Is then, you
note have the chance to profit
greatly hy tlie opportunities in col-
lege life — in classroom, in contact
1^'itli your felloKS in all the ivays
that ii;ill he open lo you as you
take up your present responsibili-
ties. Remember that college 'u.-ork
is your main job and that the
results and the regards of your
student ii'ork depend largely on
the tuay you handle yourself.
Choose carefully and ivisely your
closer friends — they v-'ill be a help
or a hindrance nov; and afler-
Vi-ard. If you learn hoiv lo man-
age yourselves ; if you do your
best; I have no doubt your college
life ix:ill add fullness and success
lo your later life as it has done
lo the greater part of the multi-
tude of students ivho have gone
before you. My best Irishes go
<icilh you.



Doctor Talbot traversed morning and
night on the train. After graduation
from high school he taught a country
district school for two years. In 1877.
just 60 years ago this fall, he entered
the University of Illinois, where he en-
rolled in the small but progressive engi-
neering school. .\s a student he was
noted for thoroughness of scholarship,
breadth of interests, steadiness of pur-
pose, and maturity of judgment. The
average grade of his undergraduate
studies was 98 per cent. Not only was
his work in the engineering .school out-
standing, but in the terminology of the
present he was a "big-shot," being- col-
lege editor of the lUini (at that time
a monthly publication), a member of
the senate and of the supreme court,
a prominent member of a leading lit-
erary society, and was active in debate.
He was also a student assistant in
physics and taught make-up courses in
mathematics.

In 1881, he received his degree of
Bachelor of Science in civil engineer-
ing. After graduation he followed the
practice of many young- engineers of
the time and obtained a position in the
West, and in the four years followin.g.
he received much valuable experience
working- for such railroads as the Den-
v:'r and Rio Grande; the .\tchison.
Topeka. and Santa Fe; and the North-
ern Pacific. This work consisted mainly
of location, construction, and mainten-
ance, in the states of Colorado. New
Mexico. Kansas, and Idaho.

Called Back to the I'nivei-sity

I'.ecause of his record at the Uni-
versity and the excellent experience re-
ceived in the West. Doctor Talbot was
called back to the University in 1S85.
In that year he was given the degree
of Civil Engineer, and was made assist-
ant professor of engineering and
mathematics. As was common in small
schools in the older da.v.s, the subjects
tau.ght in the first years covered a di-
versified list, which included mathe-
matics, surveying, engineering- draw-
ing, contracts and specifications, roads
and pavements, railroad engineering,
mechanics and materials, hydraulics,
tunneling and explosives, and water sup-
ply ami sewera.ge. I'^roni the beginning
of his service as an educator, he showed
tliorough knowledge of the subjects he
taught, was clear in his methods of
presentation, and had excellent com-
mand of his classes. In 1892, he was
made professor of municipal and sani-
tary engineering and put in charge of
the newly created department of theo-
retical and applied mechanics. Doctor
Talbot has done an ini)iortant part in
creating the fine laboratories which the
University of Illinois now has in the



THE ILLINOIS TECHN(X",RAPH



September, 1937



ilppartnii-iit of thi-ontical and a))plic(l
mochanics, AftiT the era i>f rxiiansion
in I'ligincerins' schools began, mechanits
and ensineerinR' materials absoibed his
attention even more than sanitary ensi-
neerins. and without a change in his
title, the emphasis of his work con-
tinued to be placed on mechanics and
engineering materials. For more than
40 years he moulded and inspired gen-
erations of young men and was a lead-
er in the development and advances
made in this important engineering
school. He has always regarded teach-
ing as the important part of his life
work. Upon reaching the age limit of
the University in September. 1S26. he
was retired from teaching and admin-
istration, but he has continued in re-
search activities.

Performs Invaluable Research

From the very beginning of his Uni-
versity teaching. Doctor Talbot con-
ducted research of recognized value.
Early work on maximum rates of rain-
fall, requirements for waterway open-
ings, hydraulic phenomena, iron remov-
al from well water, pioneer work in
sewage treatment by means of the
septic tank, and the standardization of
testing of pavin.g brick for strength
and abrasion, were welcomed by engi-
neers the world over. .\t"ter all of these
preliminary experiments, it is not
strange that he should become active
in the formation and development of
the Engineering Experiment Station of
the University of Illinois. That institu-
tion, the first of its kind to be con-
nected with an engineering school, was
made a valuable agency in producing
contributions to knowledge. His leader-
ship in formulating policies, ideals, and
methods has lieen reco.gnized as an im-
portant asset in the development of the
work of the station.

Some of Doctor Talbot's most im-
portant work has been done In the
field of reinforced concrete. A compre-
hensive and thorough investigation
upon this subject was started by the
Experiment Station in 1904, conducted
and directed by him. It consisted of ex-
periments in reinforced concrete beams,
slabs, columns, footings, pipes, frames,
and buildings. This experimental work
became a principal source of the early
knowledge on which the properties and
requirements for the design of rein-
forced concrete structures were based
by engineers and engineering organi-
zations, and on which principles and
methods of practice were formulated.
The conception of relations existing be-
tween the strength of a concrete mix-
ture, and the items involving the ab-
.solute volume of the cement, the fine
.•ind course aggregate, and the voids
of the mixture, as well as the so-called
relative w'ater content of the mixture,
put forth in a paper in 1921 and in a
later bulletin, has proved useful to
concrete engineers. His tests of stone,
brick, and concrete, the investigation
of .stc-el columns and timber stringers,
and a variety of other experimental
and analytical work have also added to
en.gineering knowledge. Contributions
were also made by him in experimental
hydraulics.

Tmpoi-tant Kail Investigation

An outstanding piece of research
which Doctor Talbot has directed for
twenty years and upon which he is still
working, is the investigation of railroad
track, commonly called "Stre.'jses in
Uailroad Track." This investigation has
been conducted with a view of obtaining
definite and authoritative information



on the propertii'K. nunle of action. aii<i
resistance.s developed in the various
parts of the track structure (rail, ties,
ballast, and roadbed), under the appli-
cation of locomotives and cars moving
at various speeds. At the time the
work was begun, comparatively little of
a scientific nature was known of the
stresses in rail and other ]iarts of thi-
track, or of the effect on the track
of the many variations in action of
the rolling stock in its operation.
Through twenty years, with the help
of a trained staff, and the cooperation
of some of the major railroads, manu-
facturers of track, the American So-
ciety of Civil Engineers, and the Am-
erican Railway Engineering Associa-
tion, a multitude of tests have been
made with various types of locomotives
and cars on tracks of more than twenty
railroads in various paits of the coun-
try. Experimental work has also been
conducted in the laboratory. At the
present time, the scene of the investiga-
tion is on the Santa Fe tracks north-
east of I'eoria, Illinois, near the town
of Wenona, where a section of track
nine miles long has been laid with new
track. Each mile of this new track has
a different type of joint bar, and the
characteristic effects of the traffic on
the various bars is being studied ver.v
closely. An important series of tests
of track, with steam and electric loco-
motives and a very elaborate set-up of
electrically recording strain measuring
and depression instruments, has recent-
l.v been conducted on the Penns.vl-
vania Railroad at Elkton, Maryland.
Data from all of these tests have been
interpreted and coordinated with ana-
l.vtical treatment to establish principles
and findings. Besides various minor re-
ports of this engineering- research, si.x
formal reports have been printed in the
rroceedings of the A. R. E. A. and part
of them in the Transactions of the A.
S. C. E. This research project has pro-
duced reliable knowledge on the inter-
relation between track and rolling-
stock, and thus has aided in putting on
a more nearly rational basis, the de-
sign and construction of the track
structure to carry locomotives and cars
under modern traffic conditions, as well
as giving valuable information appli-
cable to the design of rolling stock.
Commendation by railroad engineers in
important executive and supervisory
positions is indicative of the value
placed on the investigation by men
fitted to pass judgment. The leading
technical journal of this country, in re-
viewing the first of the progress re-
ports upon this investigation said: "The
committee, headed by Doctor Talbot,
has written a new page in the book
of engineering. The investigation is a
classic . . . The problem was a difficult
one. It had grown up out of nearly
a century of empirical development.
The committee brought railway track
within the .';coi)e of engineering
science."

Numerous Written Contributions

Doctor Talbot's wiitten contriliutions
(perhaps 400 titles) are along numer-
ous lines. The reports of the Illinois
Engineering Experiment Station re-
searches on concrete and reinforced
concrete are given in seventeen Sta-
tion buUetin.s. with five other bulletins
on hydraulics, timber, steel columns,
etc. Reports on concrete, reinforcid
concrete, cast iron water pipe, methods
of testing and other topics may be
found in the Proceedings of the Ameri-
can Society for Testing Materials. The



publication of the rejiorts of the Track
Stress invi'Stigation has already been
miiitoined. The rejioit of the first .loint
Committee on Concrete and Reinforced
Concrete, in the preparation of which
he participated, was published by sev-
eral technical .societies. A small trea-
tise on a very flexible method of lay-
ing out easement curves at the ends
of circular railroad curves. The Rail-
way Transition Spiral, iiubli.shed first
in 1899. has gone thidugh several edi-
tions and has been used Ijy many rail-
roads. V'arious non-technical articles
and addresses have also been written
by Doctor Talbot.

Influential in Conmiittee \\ ork
Doctor Talbot exercised a far-reach-
ing influence on engineering develop-
ments through committee activity in
en.gineering societies. Takin.g a leading
part in the work of the first joint
committee on Concrete and Reinforced
Concrete (1904-16) as a representative
of the American Society of Civil Engi-
neers, he was influential in formulating
principles and methods of design liased
upon the tests he had made and upon
other data and analysis. ,\s chairman
of the sub-committee on design, he
formulated and advocated many of the
views that were adopted b.v the com-
mittee. The report of this committee
exercised a marked influence on the
ideas and the practices in engineering
design ond on building regulations in
the pioneer iieriod of reinforced con-
crete construction among engineers
and architects in this country, and
most of the fundamentals of design
then iiut forth are still accepted. The
tests of reinforced concrete made at
the Illinois laboratory were widely
used liy engineering schools and thus
the information spread even more
rapidl.v to engineering offices. In the
field of testing materials he has been
active in the American Society for
Testing Materials since its formation
and has taken a leading part in the
work of several of the technical com-
mittees that have done constructive
work. In sanitary engineering, in rail-
way engineering, and in municipal
lines he has contributed to technical
committee work and in other ways
as well.

Has Hi.gli Hanking as a Teacher
Doctor Talbot has attained high rank
among engineering teachers and has
been influential in the Society for
the Promotion of Engineering Educa-
tion since its formation in 1S93. hold-
ing various offices, includin.g that of
president. He has been prominent in
the work of the American Society of
Civil En.gineers. serving on its research
committee and on other committees
and on its Board of Directors. He was
president of the Society in 1918. He has
lieen active in the affair's of the .\racri-
can Society foi' Testing Materials in
many ways since its organization, and
was jiresident in 191,1-14. He is a
member of other" engineering societies,
includin.g the Institution of Civil En-
.gineers (I.ondon). .-\mer-ican Society of
Mechanical Engineers. Western Society
of En.gineers, American Railway Engi-
neerin.g Association, .\merican Concrete
Institute, American Water Works As-
sociation, American Public Health As-
sociation, and the American A.ssocia-
tion for the Advancement of Science.
In all of these, he has given sei'vice
in one way or another by writing
or by direction.

With this great outjiut of teaching
(Continired on Page 10)



R. O.T.C. Engineers Enjoy ''Vacation"

. . . Camp Custer Furnishes Relaxing Atmosphere



THK KIK.ST SLCiH'l' srrrting my
ryes as I pulled into camp after
a rather Ions, tiresome drive was
a detail all dressed up in their nc-\v
fatisues, earryins picks and shovels!
Rather eneonrasins, eh what? (One
coiisolaticiii though — those of us not yet
"lii-ocessed" could "soldbriek" and not
have anybody squawk).

The next morning Company C was
all out for rifle inspection in our pretty
"whistle" breeches. Harry Atkinson
came through at the head of the class
by having- the cleanest rifle in the
Illinois platoon (reference, Lt. Lothrop).

While planning the camp program,
the "big- shots" had decided we shoiild
have a lesson in chemical warfarc>.
Most of us enjoyed the demon.strations
very much with the exception of the
trip throush the tear gas without ga.s
masks — that we endured.

The Kainous "Weeneepee"

On the tirst time off, the hoys, of
course, went to Battle Creek, Gull l>ake,
Gugac. etc. to discover all of the
"jernts." Noteable among the numerous
exidorers was "Fro.g" Andre Dechaene.
His goal was the Wee Nippy; however,
he was sidetracked by his French and
srient the next few hours hunting the
"Weeneepee." (Say, Andre, why didn't
you ask any of the girls where you
could find the "Weeneepee"?)

It seemed that all during- camp the
second platoon, Illinois, was just too
fast (take that any way you please)
for the rest of the company. At least
we succeeded in beating- the other pla-
toons in putting- up the wire entangle-
ments by at least five minutes and in
building- the trestle bridge by almost
an hour. Of course, you vmderstand
that we'd never brag' about it !

Kver.vone got a kick out of our ix-
lensive (?) horsemanshiji training.




Well-Earneil Kest on the Hike



Ho\ika] got more fun out of it than
anyone else, we thought. His favorite
snoozing- i)osition was to lean on the
cleaning racks and there enjoy the
leet\ii-i>. "Cowboy" Holt showed his
true worth as an ex-cavalryman durin.g
those sessions.

The new O. R.'s seemed to enjoy
thiir inspection trips out to our
trenches very much — mostly at our c\-
]iense. We grant that it must have
been amusing- to see a replica of WI'A
work, but our main fun was in think-
ing how we may be able to do the
laughing- next year.

Our "Home en the Kanjie"

While we spent the two weeks on
the i-ange, our home theme song de-
veloiied into "I Get a Kick Out of You."
Vernetti and McCleish seemed to have
a contest to find out who could do the
most damage to their respective faces,
and McKibben almost needed a new
|iair of fatigue trousers when he fin-
ished sliding back and forth after
firing each shot. Dechaene had the
prolilem of the liackward slide all
figured out, though. He dug some small
holes so that he could get a good :oe
hold, hut poor Andre hadn't rec'Konod
on any hip action and up he wer.i-
right in the middle. Rudy Houkal had
the prize rapid flre bolt operation. He
fired left-handed, but all he needed was
a little vocal inspiration after each
shot and he finished ahead of all the
others. Ed Holt (he sings the sweetest
version of "Mexicali Rose") surpassed
the rest of the company and shot higii
score with the rifle. His 'judl.v, De-
chaene. fired a score of 95 per cent
with the pistol — which was, so far as
we know, the camp's highest.

Maurie Adams was the company
rejire.sentative for the R. O. T. C.



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