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' Digitized by LjOOQIC



THE ^ '

GOLDEN GROVE:

A

CHOICE MANUAL,

CONTAININO

WHAT IS TO BE BELIEVED, PRACTISE!), AND
DESIRED OR PRAYED FOR;

THE PRAYKRS BEINO FITTED TO THE SEVBjlAL DATS 07 THE WEEK.
TO WHItH IS ADDED,

A GUIDE FOR THE PENITENT.

ALSO,

FESTIVAL HYMNS,

ACCORDING TO THE MANNER OF THE ANCIENT CHURCH.



COMPOSED FOR THE USE OP THE DEVOUT, ESPECIALLY
OF YOUNGER PERSONS.



BY JEREMY TAYLOR, D.D.
®xtotti anti S^ontion:

JAMES PARKER AND CO.

1868.



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HAftVAnO COLLEGE LJBRARY

FROM THE LIClViRY OF

JOHN GRAHAM BROOKS

An»L25, 1939



PKtK¥Kl> BY iXMV» PAUKkH A.KD CO., CKOWN-TARO, OXrOBO.



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ADVERTISEMENT.



The present edition of the Golden Gboye has
been pAted from that published in 1680 (the twelfth),
and carefully collated with the first edition published
in 1655> with the folio coj^ of 1657, and with some
later editions. The Scripture references have been
verified ; and an endeavour has been made to restore
the whole, as nearly as possible, to those editions pub-
lished during the life of the Author, and which con-
tain his last corrections.

The title. Golden Grove^ has by some been sup-
posed to be imaginary. It was selected by the
Author doubtless from the place in which his treatise
was completed — the Golden Grove in Carmarthen-
shire — ^the seat of the loyal and liberal Richard
Vaughaur Earl of Carbery, who, upon the decline of
the Royal cause, and the dispersion of the friends and
adherents of Charles the First, afforded Taylor an
asylum, and (as Bp. Heber tells us) whose boimty and
hospitality, during several years, appear to have been
his chief dependence and comfort.

" During this year (1654)," says Bp. Heber, " he
expanded his Catechism for Children into the beauti-
ful Manual, which, in honour of the hospitable man-
sion of Lord Carbery, he has entitled, The Golden
Geove."

Nov. 24, 1836.



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PIOUS AND DEVOUT READER.



In this sad declension of religion, the seers, who
are appointed to be the watchmen of the Church, can-
not but observe, that the supplanters and underminers
are gone out, and are digging down the foundations ;
and having destroyed all public forms of ecclesiastical
government, discountenanced an excellent Liturgy,
taken off the hinges of imity, disgraced the Articles of
Religion, polluted public assemblies, taken away all
cognizance of schism, by mingling all sects, and giving
countenance to that against which all power ought to
stand upon their guard. There is now nothing left,
but that we take care that men be Christians; for
concerning the ornament and advantages of religion,
we cannot make that provision we desire ; Incertis de
salute, de gloria mmime certandum. For since they
who have seen Jerusalem in prosperity, and have for-
gotten the order of the morning and evening sacrifice,
and the beauty of the temple, will be tempted to neg-
lect so excellent a ministration, and their assembling
themselves together for peace and holy offices, and be
content with any thing that is brought to them, though
it be but the husks and acorns of prodigals and swine,
so they may enjoy their lands and their money with
it ; we must now take care that the young men who
were bom in the Captivity, may be taught how to
worship the God of Israel after the manner of their

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TO THE HEADER. \

forefathers, till it shall please God that religion shall
return into the land, and dwell safely, and grow pros-
perously.

But never did the excellency of Episcopal govern-
ment appear so demonstratively and conspicuously as
now. Under their conduct and order we had a Church
so united, so orderly, so governed, a religion so settled.
Articles so true, sufficient, and confessed. Canons so
prudent and so obeyed, devotions so regular and con-
stant. Sacraments so adorned and ministered, churches
so beauteous and religious, circumstances of religion
so grave and prudent, so useful and apt for edification;
that the enemies of our Church, who serve the Pope
in all things and Jesus Christ in some, who dare
transgress an institution and ordinance of Christ, but
dare not break a canon of the Pope, did despair of
prevailing against us and truth, and knew no hopes
but by setting their faces against us to destroy this
government, and then they knew they should triumph
without any enemy. So Balaam the son of Bosor was
sent for, to curse the people of the Lord, in hope that
the son of Zippor might prevail against them that had
long prospered under the conduct of Moses and
Aaron.

But now instead of this excellency of condition and
constitution of religion, the people are fallen under the
harrows and saws of impertinent and ignorant preach-
ers, who think all religion is a sermon, and all ser-
mons ought to be libels against truth and old govern-
ors ; and expound chapters that the meaning may
never be understood ; and pray, that they may be
thought able to talk, but not to hold their peace, they
casting not to obtain any thing but wealth and victory,
power and plunder. And the people have reaped the
fruits apt to grow upon such crabstocks : they grow
idle and false, hypocrites and careless; they deny

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VI TO THE •RT!AT> -Bnt.

theinselves nothing that is pleasant, they despise refi.
gion, forget government, and some never think of
heaven ; and they that do, think to go thither in such
paths which all the ages oi the Church did give men
warning of, lest they should that way go to the deylL
But when men have tried all that they can, it is to
be supposed they will return to the excellency and
advantages of the Christian religion, as it is taught by
the Church of England ; for by de8tro3ring it, no end
can be served but of sin and folly, faction, and death
eternal. For besides that, no Church that is enemy
to this, does worship God in that truth of propositions,
in that unblameable and pious Liturgy, and in preach,
ing the necessities of holy life, so much as the Church
of England does; besides this, I say, it cannot be
persecuted by any governor that understands his own
interest, unless he be first abused by false preachers,
and then prefers his secret opinion before his public
advantage. For no Church in the world is so great a
friend to loyalty and obedience, as she and her sisters
of the same persuasion. They that hate Bishops have
destroyed Monarchy; and they that would erect an
ecclesiastical monarchy, must consequently subject
the temporal to it And both one and the other would
be supreme in consciences ; and they that govern
there, with an opinion that in all things they ought to
be attended to, will let their Prince govern others, so
long as he will be ruled by them.

And certainly, for a Prince to persecute the Pro-
testant religion, is as if a physician should endeavour
to destroy all medicaments, and fathers kill their sons,
and the master of ceremonies destroy all formalities
and courtships, and as if the Pope should root out all
the ecclesiastic state. Nothing so combines with
government, if it be of God's appointment, as the re-
Mgion of the Church of England, because nothing

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TO THE BEADEB, vb'

does more adhere to the word of God, and disregard
the crafty advantages of the world. If any man shall
not decline to tiy his title by the word of God, it is
certain there is not in the world a better guard for it
than the true Protestant religion, as it is taught in our
Church. But let things be as it please God ; it is
cei*tain, that in that day when truth gets her victory,
in that day we shall prevail against all God's enemies
and ours, not in the purchases and perquisites of the
world, but in the rewards and returns of holiness and
patience, and faith and charity ; for by these we wor-
ship God, and against this interest we cannot serve
any thing else.

In the mean time we must by all means secure the
foundation, and take care that religion may be con-
veyed in all its material parts, the same as it was, but
by new and permitted instruments. For let us secure
that our young men be good Christians, it is easy to
make them good Protestants, unkss they be abused
with prejudice, and suck venom with their milk ; they
cannot kave our communion, till Uiey have reason to
reprove our doctrine.

There is therefore in the f(^owing pages a compen-
dium of what we are to believe, what to do, and what
to desire. It is indeed very little; but it is enough to
begin with, and will serve all persons so long as they
need milk, and not strong meat. And he that hath
given the following assistances to thee, desires to be
even a door-keeper in God's house, and to be a ser-
vant of the meanest of God's servants, and thinks it a
worthy emplo3rment to teach the most ignorant, and
make them to know Christ, though but in the first
rudiments of a holy institution. This only he affirms,
that there is more solid comfort and material support
to a Christian spirit in one article of faith, in one
period of the Lord's Prayer, in one holy lesson, than

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via TO THE HEADER.

in all the disputes of impertinent people, wlio take
more pains to prove there is a purgatory, than to per-
suade men to avoid hell : and that a plain Catechism
can more instruct a soul, than the whole day's prate
which some daily spit forth, to bid men get Christy
and persecute His servants.

Christian religion is admirable for its wisdom, for
its simplicity ; and he that presents the following
papers to thee, designs to teach thee as the Church
was taught in the early days of the Apostles ; to be-
lieve the Christian faith, and to understand it ; to re-
present plain rules of good Ufe; to describe easy
forms of prayer ; to bring into your assemblies hymns
of glorification and thanksgiving, and psalms of prayer.
By these easy paths they lead Christ's little ones into
the fold of their great Bishop : and if by this any
service be done to God, any ministry to the soul of a
child or an ignorant woman, it is hoped that God will
accept it : and it is reward enough, if by my ministry
God will bring it to pass, that any soul should be in-
structed, and brought into that state of good things,
that it shall rejoice for ever.

But do thou pray for him that desires this to thee,
and endeavours it.

Jeb. Tayloh.



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CEEDENDA,

OR,

WHAT IS TO BE BELIEVED.



Q. In ichat does true religion consist ?

A. In the knowledge of the one true God^ and whom
He hath sent, Jesus Christ^, and in the worshippings
and serving them.

Q. What dost thou believe concerning God ?

A. 1. That there is a God** : 2. That He is OneS
3. Eternal^ 4. Alm%hty«: 5. That He hath made
all the world': 6. That He knows all things^: 7.
That He is a Spirit ; not of any shape or figure, or
parts, or body ^ : 8, That He is present in all places*:
9. That His seat is in heaven, and He governs aU the
world, so that nothing happens without His order and
leave^ : 10. That He is the Fountain of justice*, II.
of mercy*, 12. of bounty or goodness™: 13. That He
is unalterably happy, and infinitely perfect ° : 14. That
no evil can come near Him^ : 15. And He is the Re-
warder of them that diligently seek Him p.

* John xvii. 8 ; 1 John u. 23. * Dent. vi. 2.
" £xod. XX. 2, 3 ; Isaiah xliv. 0.

* Rev. L 4; Psalm xc. 2; 1 Tim.i. 17. • Gen. xvii. 1.
f Gen. i. 1 ; Exod. xx. 11 ; Heb. iU. 4 ; Isaiah zl. 12.

f Job xlii. 2, 3 ; Psalm cxxxix. 1 ; cxlvii. 5.

k Exod. xxxiv. 5 ; 1 Tim. vi. 1&, 16 ; John iv. 24.

* 1 Kings viii. 27 ; Psalm cxxxix. 8, 9.

' Amos iii. 6; Acts vii. 48, 49; Ps. ii.4; ciiL 19; cxv. 3; Isa.xli. 4.
Dent, xxxii. 39. ^ Job is. 4. * Dent, xzxii. 4.

» Exod. xxxiv. 7; Psalm ciii. 8. ■ Psalm xxv. 8; Ixxxvi. &;

James i 17. • Psalm L 12. • Jamwi. 13. r Heb. xL 6.

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2 A GXriDE TO DEVOTION.

Q. What other mystery is revealed concerning God?

A. That God being One in nature, is also Three in
Person, expressed in Scripture by the names of Father^
Son, and Holy Spirit^. The first person being known
to us by the name of the Father of our Lord Jesus
CJirist^, The second person is called the Son, and the
Word of the Father^, The third is the Spirit and
promise of the Father^, And these are Three and
One^ after a secret manner, which we must believe,
but cannot understand.

Q. What is this God tousf

A. He is our Creator and Father, and therefore He
is om* Lord; and we axe His creatures, His sons, and
His servants^.

Q. Wherefore did God create and make us ?

A. That we might do Him honour and service, and
receive from Him infinite felicities y.

Q. How did God make man f

A. By the power of His word, out of the slime of
the earth, and He breathed into him the breath of life".

Q. Was man good or bad when God made him ^

A. Man was made pure and innocent*.

Q. How then did man become sinful and miserable^

A. By listening to the whispers of a tempting spirit^,
and breaking an easy commandment, which God gave
him as the first trial of his obedience.

Q. What evils and changes followed this sin ?

A. Adam, who was the first man and the first sin-
ner, did both for himself and his posterity fall into the

« Matt. xxviU. 19 ; 2 Cor. xiii. 14. ' John xiv. 16, 26 ; xv. 26.

• Johni. 1; v. 18; ui. 16.

« John xiv. 16 — ^26 ; xv. 26 ; 1 Cor. xii. 4, 5, 6 ; Luke xxiv. 49 i
Actt i. 4; U. 33. • 1 John v. 7.

« Col. i. 16 ; Act! xvii. 24 ; 1 Cor. vi. 19 ; viii. 6 ; Gal. i. 4; PhU.ii. 22 ;
Dan. u. 47 ; Zeoh. iv. 14 ; xiv. 9; Matt. xi. 25.

7 Psalm cxlv. 10, 11 ; Acts xiv. 15. ■ Gen. ii. 7.

• Eoclee. yU. 29 : Ecclui. xv. 14. ' » Gen. m.per tot.

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A GXriDE TO DEVOTION. d

state of death, of sickness and misfortunes, and dis-
order both of body and soul*^ : we were thrown out of
Paradise, and lost our immortahty. »

Q. Was man left in these evils without remedy ?

A. No ; but God, pitying His creature, promised,
that of the seed of the woman He would raise up a
Saviour and Redeemer**, who should restore us to'
God's favour, and to the felicity which we lost.

Q. How did God perform the promise?

A. By sending Jesus Christ to take upon Him our
nature, to die for our sins, to become our Lord, and
the Author of holiness, and life, and salvation to man-
kmd«.

Q. Who is Jesus Christ?

A. He is the Son of God, the second Person of the
holy Trinity, equal with the Father, true God, with-
out beginning of life or end of days'.

Q. How then could He he our Redeemer^ and the
promised Seed of the woman ?

A. The Son of God in the fulness of time, by the
miracles of His mercy, took upon Him human nature,
and united it after a wonderful manner to His Godhead;
80 that He was both God and Man^f. He was bom of
a Virgin, who conceived Him not by any natural
means, but by the power of the Holy Ghost**, and was
called Jesus Christ; and His mother's name was Mary^
of the seed of Abraham^ of the family of King DavidK
And all these things came to pass when Augustus
Casar was lord of the Roman empire.



• Bom. T. 12; Ui. 2S; vi. 20 ; Eph. iL 8.

' Qtn. iU. 15 ; Gal. iv. 4 ; 1 Pet. i. 20 ; John Ui. 16 ; Heb. ii. 14, 15,fte.

• John TiU. 25, 28; Heb. u. 9, 16, 17, 18; Lake i. 74, 75.

' laa. ix. 6; 1 Tim. iii. 16; 1 John v. 20; laa. xxxv. 4, 5; Johni.
S, 16; Tiii. 58; Ber. i. 8; Heb. ziii. 8; i. 8; Phil. ii. 6; Bom. ix. 5.

I Gal. iT. 4; Bom. i. S; Acti ii. SO ; iii. 13, 22; Heb. i. 1 ; U. 11;
Aetf xiii. 28; Dent, xriii. 15. • Matt. i. IQ.

i Matt. L 21 ; Lnke U. 4, 5, Ac,



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4 A GTTIDE TO DETOTIOW.

Q. Hou) did Jesus Christ work this promised
redemption for us ?

A. By His holy and humble life, and His obedient
d)ring a painful death for us upon the cross '^.

Q. What benefits do toe receive by the Ufe and death
of Jesus Christ?

A. We are instructed by His doctrine, and, en-
couraged by His excellent example, we are reconciled
to God by His death ^; He hath giyen us an excellent
law, and glorious promises, and Himself hath received
power to make good all those promises to His servants,
and fearfully to destroy them that will not have Him
to reign over them.

Q. What promises hath Jesus Christ made us in
tJie Gospel?

A. He hath promised to give us all that we need in
this life™ ; that every thing shall work together for our
good; that He will be with us in tribulation and
persecution". He hath promised His graces and His
Holy Spirit to enable us to do our duty ; and if we
make use of these graces. He hath promised to give
us m(»e°. He hath promised to forgive us our sins ;
to hear our prayers ; to take the sting of death from
u&; to keep our souls in safe custody after death;
and in His due time to raise our bodies from the grave,
and to join them to our souls, and to give us eternal
life, and joys that shall never cease P.

Q. How is Jesus Christ able to do all this for us ?
A. When He had suffered death, and was buried
thi-ee days, God raised Him up again, and gave Him

k Heb. ii. 9, 10.

* Bead the third, fbarth, and liflh chapters to the Hebrews : Eph. ii.
13, Uy 15 ; Luke xix. 27 ; Todr. 46, 47. " Matt. ri. S5, Ac.

* Rom. fiii. 28 ; Joh:t » i. 33 ; Acts xiv. 22 ; 2 Cor. i. 4.

o Matt. viii. 11, 12; xii. 20; 21 ; John yi. 44, 45 ; 2 Pet. i. 3, 4 ;
Acts ii. 38; iii. 19; Luke xriii. 7 ; Matt. viL 7.

P Col. ii. 13; 1 Cor. xv. 64, 55, 57; Rev. MT. 13; 1 Cor. XT. 22,
▼i. 14; 2 Cor iv. 14; John vi. 40.

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A GUIDE TO DEVOTION. O

all power in heaven and earth, made Him Head of the
Church, Lord of men and angels, and the Jndge of
the quick and dead*i.

Q. By what means doth Jesus Christ our Lord
convey aU these Uessings to us?

A. Jesus Christ had three offices, and in all He was
Mediator between God and man : He is our Prophet,
our Priest, and our King'.

Q. WJhU was His office^ as He was a Prophet ?

A. This office He finished on earth; beginning
when He was thirty years old to preach the Gospel of
the kingdom, faith and repentance".

Q. When began His priesUy office^ and wherein does
it consist ?

A. It began at His death ; for He was Himself the
Priest and the Sacrifice, offering Himself upon the
altar of the cross for the sins of aU the world*.

Q. Did His priestly office then cease ?

A- No: He is a Priest for ever^, that is, unto the
end of the world, and represents the same sacrifice to
God in heaven, interceding and praying continually
for us in the virtue of that sacrifice, by which He
obtains relief of all our necessities.

Q. WhatdothCkristinheaDen pray for onourhehailf?

A. That our £dns may be pardoned, our infijinittes
pitied, our necessities relieved, our persons defended,
our temptations overcome, that we may be reconciled
to Gkxl, and be saved \

Q. How is Jesus Christ also our King f

A. When He arose &om the grave, and had for

% Matt. zxviH.^, 18 ; Plul. ii. 9,^.; Heb, i. 8 ; ii. 9 ; v. 9 ; Titni ii.
IS, 14 : Eph. ui. 14, 15, 20 ; 1 Cor. zi. 3 ; Eph. t. 23 ; Col. ii. 10 ; Acts
X. 42; 2 Tim. iv. I, 8, 17, 18; 1 Pet. iv. 5.

' 1 Tim. ii. 5; Heb. viii. 6 ; iz. 15 ; xii. 24.

■ John i. 18 ; Lake iai. 23 ; John v. 43 ; Luke xxir. 19 ; KcH iii. 23, Ac.

« Heb. T. 5, 7, 8, Ac; Heb. yu. per tot. • Heb. viL 24, 25.

' Rom. Tiii. 33, 34 ; 1 John ii. 1 ; Heb. i^. 14, 15, 16.

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6 A GUIDE TO DEVOTION.

forty days together conversed with His disciples,
sheunng Himself alive hy many infallible tokens^ He
ascended into Heaven, and there sits at the right hand
of God, all things being made subject to Himy, angels,
and men, and devils, heaven and earth, the elements,
and all the creatures; and over all He reigns, comfort-
ing and defending His elect, subduing the power of the
devil, taking out the sting of death, and making all to
serve the glory of God, and to turn to the good of His elect.

Q. How long must His kingdom last f

A. Till Christ hath brought all His enemies under
His feef, that is, till the day of judgment : in which
day shall be performed the greatest acts of His kingly
power"; for then He shall quite conquer death,
triumph over the devils, throw His enemies into hell-
fire, and carry all His elect to never-ceasing glories**:
and then He shall deliver up the kingdom to His
Father, that God may be all in all.

Q. How is Christ a Mediator in all these offices ?

A. A Mediator signifies one that stands between
God and us*. As Christ is a Prophet, so He taught
us His Father's wip, and ties us to obedience : as He
is a Priest, He is our Redeemer, having paid a price
for us, even His most precious blood; and oui
Advocate, pleading for us, and mediating our pardon
and salvation : as He is a King, so He is our Lord,
our Patron, and our Judge ; yet it is the kingdom of
a Mediator, that is, in order to the world to come, but
then to determine and end*. And in all these He hath
made a covenant between God and us of an everlasting
interest.

Q. WJiat is the covenant which Jesus Christ our
Mediator hath made between God and us ?

y Hob. i. 3, 8 ; Pg. ex. 1 ; 1 Thess. i. 10; Acts i. 3; Luke xxiv. 51 ;
I. 33; 1 Pet. iii. 22. . Pgalm ex. 1.

» 1 Cor. XV. 24, 25, 28. b Matt. xxv. 34, 41.

• Gal. iii. 20; Heb. viii. 6; ix. 15; xii. 24. * 1 Cor. xv. 24.

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A GUIDE TO DEVOTION. 7

A. That God will write His laws in our hearts, and
will pardon us, and defend us, and raise us up again at
the last day, and give us an inheritance in His kingdom^.

Q. To what conditimis hath He hound us on our parts f

A. Faith and repentance^.

Q. When do we enter into this covenant ^


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