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Jesuits. Letters from missions (North America).

The Jesuit relations and allied documents : travels and explorations of the Jesuit missionaries in New France, 1610-1791 ; the original French, Latin, and Italian texts online

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it was buried like a dog, near our mill.

The 25th. Return of Father dablon from
River des prairies, with great satisfaction.

The 29th. Two ships arrived the or anger
and the st. Philippe.

The 31st. Father Bardy preached the
sermon on St. Ignatius's day.

AUGUST.

The 3rd. The ship called the Nouvelle
France weighed anchor.

The 4th. Father Claude Allouez arrived,
in good health, from the mission of st. Esprit
among the Outawaks ; he has baptized about
340 of them.

The 5th. The st. sebastien, which came to
get Monsieur de Tracy, arrived.

The 6th. Father Allouez reembarked, with
our brother le Boesme, three worthy men,
and a young lad ; he will take Father Nicolas
at Mon-real.



This was on the 17th.
Mission to onneiout.



Theses in Physics.



Bondy drowned.



Mission of st. Esprit
among the
Outawats.



on menage La nation
des Loups.



M. de Tracy s'en va

Le P. Bardy avec

lui.



214 LES RELA TIONS DES /^SUITES [Vol. 50

le 9. Nous aprenons que le P. Fremin &c
est arrest6 aux forts a cause d'une troupe de
60 loups, qui attendent les ambassadeurs au
passage, on ne iuge pas a propos de leur
donner escorte crainte de s' engager a la guerre
contre les loups, nos alliez proches et puissants.

Le 28. depart de Mons^. de Tracy dans le
s*. sebastien auec le P. Bardy.

SEPTEMBRE

Le premier Nous receuons des letres du
P. Fremin: par lesquelles il nous mande
qu'ils deuoient partir du fort s*^. Anne pour
Annie le 22. du moys passe.

Le 22. La s^^. Catherine ariue.

le 13. Le vaisseau, dit le prophete Elie
mouille aussy a nostre Rade.

Le 20. Le vaisseau flamant fait voile.
arriviedej.Iesuites. Le 25. Le S^ Louys ariue, auecle P. Louys
de Beaulieu, M''*. Philippe Pierson et n''^
frere Pierre Maigneret. quantity de filles
plus de 80. et plus de 100 trauaillars 14 ou 15.
cheuaux &c.

Le 29. Mons''. L'Intendant nous accorde
un pension entiere de cinq mille liures.

OCTOBRE.

Le 4™^. Mons"". L'lntenda^ nous repond
fauorablement vne requeste, presentee pour
aller nous etablir en la prairie de la Magde-
laine.



Pension de sooott.



prairie La
madeleine.



1664-67] JOURNAL DES PP. /^SUITES



216



The 9th. We learned that Father Fremin
and the others were detained at the forts, on
account of a band of 60 loups, who are lying
in wait for the ambassadors as they pass. It
is not considered advisable to give them
an escort, for fear of causing war to break
out against the loups, our near and powerful
allies.

The 28th. Departure of Monsieur de Tracy
in the st. sebastien, with Father Bardy.

SEPTEMBER.



We treat The nation

of the Loups with

consideration.



Monsieur de Tracy

departs. Father
Bardy goes with him.



The first. We received letters from Father
Fremin, in which he wrote that they were to
leave fort ste. Anne for Annie on the 22nd of
last month.

The 22nd. The ste. Catherine arrived.

The 13th. The vessel called the prophete
Elie also anchored in our Harbor.

The 20th. The flemish vessel sailed.

The 25th. The St. Louys arrived, with Arrival of 3 Jesuits.
Father Louys de Beaulieu, Master Philippe
Pierson,-^ and our brother Pierre Maigneret;
a number of girls, over 80; and more than 100
workmen, 14 or 15 horses, and others.

The 29th. Monsieur The Intendant granted
us a full pension of five thousand livres.

OCTOBER.

The 4th. Monsieur The Intendant gave a
favorable answer to our petition to be allowed
to go and establish ourselves at la prairie de
la Magdelaine.

The 5th. Father Rafeix embarked to go



Pension of 5,000
livres.



Prairie La
viadeleine.



216



LES RELATIONS DES j£SUITES [Vol. 50



P. Raffeix a La

prairie De la

madeleine.



Le f. I.f. Elie sort
de La Compagnie. . .



onse sau. baptisez.



Le 5. Le P. Rafeix s'embarque pour aller
hyuerner aux Isles perches, et reconnoistre
en toutes les saisons la prairie de la Magde-
laine : Caron luy quatriesme monte auec luy
pour en prendre connoissance.

Le 14. lean Francois Elie sort de la Com-
pagnie auec sa dimission. il s'embarque en
habit seculier sous le nom du s*". de Henne-
cour conduit par deux de nos ff : apres auoir
change d' habit a la haste, le tout secrete-
ment.

Le 22. Caron retourne de la hault, auec
beaucoup d'estime de la terre, qu'il a visitee
ouila trouue tout ce que Ton pent souhaitter,
dans la fin qu'on se propose en cette habita-
tion, a la reserue de L' abort, qui est difficile
sur tout le moys de sept, et d'octob.

NOU.

I'onzieme Le depart du petit vaisseau de
Normandie.

le dernier du moys vn homme pendu, pour
auoir viole vne petite fille d'onze ans.

DEC.

le 3. onze personnes tant d'anni6 que
d'onnei«t baptisees solemnellement par Mon-
seig. I'Euesque dans n" Eglise, les parains
ont est^ Mons*". le gouuerneur, Mons"". I'ln-
tendant, et quelques officiers.

Le P. de Beaulieu a prech6 le lour de s^
Francois Xauier.



1664-67] JOURNAL DES PP. J&SUITES



217



and winter at the Isles perc6es,^ and to ex-
amine la prairie de la Magdelaine at all
seasons; Caron, who was the fourth, went
up with him to examine it.

The 14th. Jean Francois Elie left the
Society, being dismissed

secular garb, under the name of sieur de
Hennecour, being conducted by two of our
brethren, after he had hastily changed his
attire — the whole secretly.

The 22nd. Caron returned from above,
with a high opinion of the land, which he
examined ; he found there everything that can
be desired in connection with the settlement
that we propose to establish there, except The
approach to it, which is difficult — especially
in the months of September and October.



Father Raffeix goes

to La prairie De

la madeleine.



Brother Jean



He embarked in A««f''" Elie leaves
The Society.



NOVEMBER.

The eleventh. Departure of the small
Norman vessel.

On the last day of the month, a man was
hanged for having ravished a little girl eleven
years of age.

DECEMBER.

The 3rd. Eleven persons, both from anni6
and onneiout, were solemnly baptized by
Monseigneur the Bishop in our Church ; the
sponsors were Monsieur the governor.
Monsieur the Intendant, and some of the
officers.

Father de Beaulieu preached on the Feast
of St. Francis Xavier.



Eleven savages
baptized.



xauier.



218 LES RELA TIONS DES J ^SUITES [Vol. 50

festes de st. anne et Le premier dimanche de 1' Auant on a public
de saint f ran. ^^ prosne vn acte par lequel il est declare
qu'on chomera doresnauant les festes de s^
Xauier et de s*^. Anne, on retrenche la feste
de s*. Marc &c.

le 8. M*"^. Philippe Pierson a precli6 au
Refectoire auec satisfaction.

le 15. Ariu^e d'AndatiaKonhons huron,
auec des letres du P. Bruyas, et du P. Fremin
d'onneiyt, et d' Anni^ : nos messieurs trouuent
manuals que le P. Fremin ne leur ait point
escrit ; et de ce que le Journal au moins p''. ce
qui touche les affaires ne leur a point est6
adresse.



1664 -67J JOURNAL DES PP. /^SUITES 219

On the first Sunday of Advent, a decree was Feasts of st. anne
published from the pulpit, by which it was ^"^'^^ saint f rands
declared that in future the feasts of st. Xavier
and St. Anne would be celebrated ; the feasts
of St. Mark and others were stricken from the
list.

The 8th. Master Philippe Pierson preached
in the Refectory, and gave satisfaction.

The 15th. Arrival of Andatiakonhons, a
huron, with letters from Father Bruyas and
Father Fremin, from onneiout and Anni6.
Our gentlemen find fault because Father
Fremin has not written to them ; and because
the Journal — at least, that portion which
relates to business matters — was not ad-
dressed to them.



CXXI

Relation of 1666-67

Paris : SEBASTIEN CRAMOISY ET SEBASTIEN
MABRE-CRAMOISY, 1668



Source : We follow a copy of the original Cramoisy in
Lenox Library, New York.

In this Volume, we present chaps, i.-vii. The remainder
will appear in Volume LI.



RELATION

DE CE Oyi S'EST PASSE'

DE PLVS REMARQVABLE

AVX MISSIONS DES PERES

de la Compagnie de I E s V s.

EN LA

N O WELLE FRANCE,

les annees milfixcens roixante£x,

&; mil fix cens foixance fept.

Znuoyee au R. P. IacQves Bordiek
Prsvincial de la Provifjcede France.



\\




A PARIS,

Chez Sf. BASTiEN Cramoisy,

Et Sebast. Mabre-Cramolsy,

Impnmcurs ordinaircs do RoVj

rue S. laccjues aux Cicognes.

M. DC. L XVI IE

Juec rrimlcge dii Roy,



RELATION

OF WHAT OCCURRED
MOST REMARKABLE

IN THE MISSIONS OF THE FATHERS
of the Society of Jesus

I N

NEW FRANCE,

for the years one thousand six hundred

sixty-six and one thousand six

hundred sixty-seven.

Sent to the Rev. Father Jacques Bordier,

Provincial of the Province of France.



PARIS,

Sebastien Cramoisy and

Sebastien Mabre-Cramoisy,

Printers in ordinary to the

King, rue St. Jacques, at

the Sign of the Storks.

M. DC. LXVIII.

By Royal License.



226 LES RELA TIONS DES /^SUITES [Vou 50



Av Reverend Pere lacqves Bordier, Provincial

de la Compagnie de lESVS dans la

Province de France.

MON Reverend Pere
Pax Chrijii.
r enuoye a vojire Reuerence la Relation de ce qtii
s'eji paff^ depuis vn an, en ce pais. Ce n ejloit rien que
guerre V ann^e dernier e: celle-cy a eji^ toute dans la paix;
les Iroquois ejians venus la demander, & leur ayant ejli
accord^e, iu/que Ih me/me que nous nous fommes veus obliges
d'y enuoyer des MiJJionnaires, la porte nous y ayant ejld
ouuerte h V Euangile. Ce n ejl pas quil n'y ait beaucoup
h craindre de la perfidie de ces fiations barbares, qui
nayans point de foy en Dieu, feront toUjours fans foy
pour les homines: Mais Ji les Apojires ne fe fujfent point
engagez parmy les Infideles, que lors quils eurent ajfeu-
ranee de leur vie, ils n auroient pas remply ce digne nom
d* Apojlre. En vn mot, la paix auec les Iroquois eji affez
raifonnable, pour y auoir pit enuoyer prudemment des Pre-
dicateurs de V Euangile : Mais le peril ok ils s'expo/ent
ejl affez grand, a fin quils y puijfent efperer vn heureux
martyre, apres de grandes pcines, & de grandes fatigues.
D'autres de nos Peres ont efle d'vn autre cofl^; h V Orient,
h V Occident, & vers le Nord, pour y porter la foy; vn
feul ayant parcouru plus de quinze cents lieu'es, y a bap-
tize trois cents quarante perfonnes, enfans malades pour
la pluspart, & proches de la mort, qui efl vn gain affeur^
pour le Ciel. Si cette paix efl de dur^e, il y aura



1664-67] RELATION OF 1666-67 227



To the Reverend Father Jacques Bordier, Pro-
vincial of the Society of Jesus in the
Province of France.

MY Reverend Father,
Pax Christi.
I send your Reverence the Relation of what has
occurred in this country during the past year. The year
before there was nothing but war; this year has passed in
perfect peace, the Iroquois having come to sue for it, and
having their petition granted, even to the extent that we
felt obliged to send them sotne Missionaries — the door
being there opened to us for the Gospel. I do not mean
that we have not much to fear from the perfidy of those
barbarous nations, who, having no faith in God, will
ever be faithless toward men; but, if the Apostles had held
aloof from Infidels except zvhen they were sure of personal
safety, they zvoiild have been untrue to that worthy name
of Apostle. In a word, the peace with the Iroquois is
on a sufficiently firm foundation to enable us to send
them, without imprudence , some Preachers of the Gospel;
but the danger to zvhich they expose themselves is so great
that they may expect there a blessed martyrdom, after
severe labors and grievous hardships. Others of dur
Fathers have proceeded in other directions — to the East,
West, and North — to bear the faith; one alotie of these
has journeyed more than fifteen hundred leagues, and
baptized three hiindred and forty persons — mostly children
who were sick, and at death' s door, and hence an assured
gain for Heaven. If this peace be lasting, there will be



228 LES RELA TIONS DES /^SUITES [Vol. 50

beaucoup h trauailler pour Dieu, & beaucoup h fouffrir.
Nous attendons pour cet effet vn furcroijl de fecours; de ces
coeurs genereux qui s' animent a la veue des perils, & qui
ne craignent rien, oil tout ejl h craindre: dans la confiance
quils ont, que de perdre fa vie au feruice de Dieu, pour
le falut des antes, c ejl la trouuer heureufement. C'eji de
la main de vojlre Reuerence que nous en efperons le choix.
Cependant ie luy demande fa benediction pour tous nos
Peres & Freres, et pour moy qui fuis le dernier de tous.
MoN Reverend Pere,

Voftre tres-humble & tres-
obeiffant feruiteur en N. S.
Franqois Le Mercier de
la Compagnie de Iesvs.
A Kebec le lo. Nouembre 1667.



1664-67] RELATION OF 1666-67 229

much work to do for God and much suffering to bear.
Therefore we expect additional aid from those brave hearts
who are stirred at the prospect of peril, and who fear
nothing where there is everything to fear, — in their confi-
dent belief that to lose one's life in God's service, for the
saving of souls, is a blessed ivay to find it. For selecting
such as these we look to your Reverence. Meamvhile I
ask your blesshig for all our Fathers a?id BretJiren, ajid
for myself, who am the least of all.
My Reverend Father,

Your very humble and obedient
servant in Our Lord, Francois
Le Mercier, of the Society
of Jesus.
Kebec, November 10, 1667.



LES RELA TIONS DES /£SUITES [Vol. 50



Table des Chapitres.

Chap. I. T~~X £■ V EJlat ok fe trouue le Canada

I ) depuis deux ans. . page i .

Chap. II. Journal du Voyage du Pere Claude

Alloilez dans les Pais des Outaoiiacs. . pag. I5-
Chap. III. De V arriii^e, & demeure du MiJJion-

naire h V Ance du Saint Efprit, apeUe Chagoil-

amigong. .... pag. 41.

Chap. IV. Con/eil General des nations du pais des

Outaoiiacs. .... pag. 46.

Chap. V. Des faux dieux, & de quelques coujiumes

fuper^itieufes des Sauvages de ce pais. pag. 5 1 .
Chap. VI. Relation de la Mifjion du Saint Efprit

dans le Lac de Tracy. . . . pag. 63.

Chap. VII. De la Miffion des Tionnontateheron-

nons. ..... pag. 74.

Chap. VIII. De la Miffion des Outaoiiacs, Kiska-

koumac, & Outaouafinagouc. . . pag. 80.

Chap. IX. De la Misfion des Pouteouatamiouec .

. pag. 85.
Chap. X. De la Misfion des Oufakiouck [6' des']

Outagamiouck. . . . pag. 10 1.

Chap. XI. De la misfondes Ilitnouec, ou Alimouec.

. pag. 105.
Chap. XII. De la Misfion des Nadouefiouek. pag. ill.
Chap. XIII. De la Misfion des Kiliflinouc. pag. 115.
Chap. XIIII. De la Misfion des Outetribouec [sc.

Outchibouec\ .... pag. 119.



1664 - 67] RELA TION OF 1666 - 67



Table of Chapters.

Chap. I. /^'^F the Coiidition of Canada for the

\J past two years. . page i.

Chap. 11. Journal of Father Claude Al-

louez's Voyage into the Outaouac Country.

. page 15.
Chap. III. Of the Missionary' s arrival and sojourn

at the Bay of Saint Esprit, called Chagouami-

gong. ..... page 41.

Chap. IV. General Cou7icil of the natiojis of the

Outaouac comitry. . . . page 46.

Chap. V. Of the false gods and some superstitious

customs of the Savages of that country, page 5 1 .
Chap. VI. Relation of the Mission of Saint Esprit

on Lake Tracy. . . . page 63.

Chap. VII. Of the Mission to the Tionnontate-

heronnons. .... page 74.

Chap. VIII. Of the Mission to the Outaouacs,

Kiskakoumac, and Outaouasinagouc. . page 80.
Chap. IX. Of the Mission to the Pouteouata-

miouec. .... page 85.

Chap. X. Of the Mission to the Ousakiouck and

Outagamiouck. . . . page 10 1.

Chap. XL Of the mission to the Ilimotiec, or Ali-

mouec. .... page 105.

Chap. XII. Of the Mission to the Nadouesiouek.

. page III.
Chap. XIII. Of the Mission to the Kilistinouc.

. page 115.



232 LES RELATIONS DES /^SUITES [Vol.50

Chap. XV. De la Misjion des ISlipifsiriniens, &
du voyage du Pere Albums au Lac Alimibe-
gong. ..... pag. 120.

Chap. XVI. Retour du Pere Claude Allou^s a
Quebec, & fon depart pour remo?iter aux Outa-
ouacs. ..... pag. 128.

Chap. XVII. De la Mifsion des Papinachiois &

de celle du Lac S. lean . . pag. 131.

Chap. XVIII. Du Rejlablijfement des Mi/sions

des Iroquois. .... pag. 138.

Chapitre dernier. .... pag. 144.

Recti des Merueilles &c. . . . pag. 145.



1664-67] RELATION OF 1666-67 233

Chap. XIII I. Of the Mission to the Outchibouec.

. page 119.

Chap. XV. Of the Mission to the Nipissiriniens,
and Father Allou^s' s journey to Lake Alimibe-
gong. ..... page 120.

Chap. XVI. Father Claude Allou^s comes back to
Quebec, and sets out on his return to the Outa-
ouacs. ..... page 128.

Chap. XVII. Of the Mission to the Papinachiois,

and that at Lake St. John. . . page 131.

Chap. XVIII. Of the Reestablishment of the Mis-
sions to the Iroquois. . . . page 138.

Chapter last. .... page 144.

Account of Wonders, etc. . . . page 145.



234 LES RELATIONS DES jtSUITES [Vol.60



Extrait du Privilege du Roy.

PAR grace & Privilege du Roy, il eft permis k
Sebastien Cramoisy Imprimeur ordinaire du
Roy, Diredteur de I'lmprimerie Royale du
Louvre, & ancien Efchevin de Paris, d'imprimer ou
faire imprimer, vendre & debiter vn Livre intitule,
La Relation de ce qui s' eji pajf^ en la Misfion des Peres
de la Compagnie de lefus, au Pais de la Nouuelle France^
^s ann^es 1666. & 1667. Et ce pendant le temps de
vingt ann6es. Avec defenfes k tous Libraires, Impri-
meurs, & autres, d'imprimer ou faire imprimer ledit
Liure, fous pretexte de deguifement ou changement,
aux peines portees par ledit Privilege. Donn6 k
Paris en lanvier 1667. Signe; par le Roy en fon
Confeil.

MABOVL.



1664-67] RELATION OF 1666-67 235



Extract from the Royal License.

BY grace and License of the King, Sebastien
Cramoisy, Printer in ordinary to the King,
Director of the Royal Press of the Louvre, and
sometime Alderman of Paris, is authorized to print
or cause to be printed, sold and retailed, a Book
entitled. La Relation de ce qui s'est passd en la Mission
des Peres de la Compagnie de Jesus, au Pais de la Nou-
velle France, ds annies i666. et 1667. And this during
the period of twenty years; forbidding all Book-
sellers, Printers, and others, under the penalties
provided by said License, to print or cause to be
printed the said Book, under pretext of disguise or
change. Given at Paris in January, 1667. Signed
by the King in his Council.

MABOUL.



236 LES RELA TIONS DES /^SUITES [Vol. 50



[i] Relation de ce qvi s'eft paffe dans la Nov-
velle France aux annees 1666. & 1667.

CHAPITRE I.

DE L'ESTAT OU SE TROUUE LE CANADA DEPUIS DEUX

ANS.

DEPVIS que le Roy a eu la bont6 d'eftendre fes
foins iufqu'en ce pais, en y faifant paller le
Regiment de Carignan Salieres, nous auons
veu la face du Canada no[ta]blement [2] cliang6e, &
nous pouuons dire, que ce n'eft plus ce pais d'hor-
reurs & de frimats, qu'on depeignoit auparauant
auec tant de difgraces, mais vne veritable Nouuelle
France, tant pour la bont6 du climat & la fertilite de
la terre, que pour les autres commodites de la vie
qui fe decouurent tous les iours de plus en plus.

Autrefois 1' Iroquois nous tenoit ferres de fi pres,
qu'onn'ofoitpasmefme cultiuerlesterres qui eftoient
fous le canon des forts, bien moins aller decouurir
au loing les aduantages, qu'on doit attendre d'vn Sol,
qui n'a prefque rien de different de la France.

Mais k prefent que la terreur des armes de fa Ma-
jefte a remply d'effroy ces barbares, & les a reduits
k rechercher noflre amitie, au lieu [3] des fanglantes
guerres dont ils nous molefloient inceffamment ; nous
decouurons pendant le calme, qu'elles peuuent eftre
les richeffes de ce pais, & combien grandes font les
commodites qu'on s'en doit promettre.



1664-67] RELATION OF J666-67 237



[I] Relation of what occurred in New France in
the years 1666 and 1667.

CHAPTER I.

OF THE CONDITION OF CANADA FOR THE PAST TWO
YEARS.

SINCE the King has had the kindness to extend
his protection over this country, by sending-
hither the Regiment of Carignan-Salieres, we
have witnessed a notable change in the appearance
of Canada. [2] We can assert that it is no longer
that forbidding and frost-bound land which was for-
merly painted in so unfavorable colors, but a veritable
New France — not only in the salubrity of its climate
and fertility of its soil, but in the other conveniences
of life, which are being revealed more and more every
day.

The Iroquois used to keep us so closely confined
that we did not even dare till the lands that were
under the cannon of the forts, much less go to a
distance to ascertain the points of excellence of a
Soil which hardly differs at all from that of France.

But now, since the fear of his Majesty's arms has
filled these barbarians with alarm, and compelled
then; to seek our friendship instead [3] of constantly
molesting us with bloody wars, as they used to, we
are, during the calm, bringing to light the possibili-
ties of this country's wealth, and the extent of its
probable resources in the future.



238



LES RELA TIONS DES /^SUITES [Vol. 50



Monfieur de Tracy en eft alle porter les heureufes
nouuelles au Roy, & apres auoir fait la paix & la
guerre en mefme temps, & ouuert la porte a I'Euan-
gile, aux Nations Iroquoifes. II nous a quittes auec
le regret general de tous ces peuples, laiflant le pais
entre les mains de Monfieur de Courcelles, lequel,
comme il a beaucoup contribue de fon courage au
bonheur dont nous iouiffons; auffi continue-t'il auec
le mefme zele, k nous en conferuer la pofleffion ; &
s'eftant rendu redoutable aux Iroquois, par les
marches [4] qu'il a faites en leur pais, il tiendra ces
barbares, de gre ou de force, dans les termes de
I'acomodement qu'ils font venus rechercher icy: &
par aduance il nous en fait defia gouter les douceurs,
que nous n' anions point encor iufqu'a prefent expe-
rimentees.

De fait la paix ayant efte conclue auec toutes les
Nations Iroquoifes, & accordee de la part du Roy,
auec de pre ff antes inftances qu'elles ont faites par
leurs Ambafladeurs, auec lefquels trois lefuites font
retournes pour prefcher le faint Euangile, & nourir
cette paix chez les Nations d'en bas; alors les Habi-
tans des Colonies ont veu qu'ils pouuoient s'eftendre
au large, & labourer leurs terres, auec vn parfait
repos, & vne grande feurete, tant "k caufe de cette
paix, qu'^ caufe de la [5] continuation des foins qu'on
prend de garder & augmenter les forts des frontieres,
& de les munir de toutes chofes neceffaires k leur
conferuation, & k celle des Soldats qui les deffendent.

Et c'efl dans ces veues, que les premieres penf^es
de Monfieur Tallon, Intendant pour le Roy en ce
pais, furent de s'appliquer auec vne adtiuite infati-
gable, k la recherche des moyens par lefquels il



1664-67J RELATION OF 1666-67 239

Monsieur de Tracy has gone to carry the King
these good tidings, after having made at the same
time both peace and war, and opened to the Iroquois
Nations the door of the Gospel. He went away from
us bearing the universal regret of all these peoples,
leaving the country in charge of Monsieur de
Courcelles, who, as he contributed greatly by his
courage to the happiness we now enjoy, so continues
with the same zeal to secure us in its possession.
Having made himself feared by the Iroquois, through
the expeditions [4] which he led into their country,
he will hold those barbarians — whether with their
consent, or by force — to the terms of the treaty which
they came hither to obtain. He is, moreover,
making us taste already the resultant blessings,
which we had never before experienced.

Indeed, peace being concluded with all the Iroquois
Nations, — having been granted on the part of the
King at the pressing instance of their Ambassadors,
with whom three Jesuits went back to preach the
holy Gospel, and maintain this peace among the
lower Nations, — thereupon the Settlers of the Col-
onies saw that they could spread abroad, and could
till their lands in perfect quiet and great safety.
They can do so, not only on account of this peace,
but because of the [5] continued care that is taken to
guard and increase the frontier forts, and to provide
them with everything needful for their maintenance,
and for that of the Soldiers who defend them.

In view of these facts, the first thoughts of Mon-
sieur Tallon, Intendant for the King in this country,
were to exert himself with tireless activity to seek
out the means for rendering this country prosperous.
He does this both by making trial of all that it can



240 LES RELATIONS DES JJ&SUITES [Vol.50

pouroit rendre ce pais fiorifant ; f oit en f aifant les
epre[u]ues de tout ce que cette terre peut produire,
foit en eftabliffant le negoce, & noiiant les correfpon-
dances qu'on peut auoir d'icy, non feulement auec


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Online LibraryJesuits. Letters from missions (North America)The Jesuit relations and allied documents : travels and explorations of the Jesuit missionaries in New France, 1610-1791 ; the original French, Latin, and Italian texts → online text (page 13 of 19)