J.M. Le Moine.

Picturesque Quebec : a sequel to Quebec past and present online

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No more shall smile on thee, lone Spencer Wood!

"This is one of the most beautiful spots in Lower Canada, and the property
(1830) of the late Hon. Michael Henry Perceval, who resided there with his
accomplished family, whose highly cultivated minds rendered my visits to
Spencer Wood doubly interesting. The grounds and grand walks are
tastefully laid out, interspersed with great variety of trees, planted by
the hand of nature. This scenery is altogether magnificent, and
particularly towards the east, where the great precipices overhang Wolfe's
Cove. This latter place has derived its name from the hero, who, with his
British troops, nobly ascended its frowning cliffs on the 13th September,
1759, and took possession of the Plains of Abraham." - ADAM KIDD, 1830.
- (The HURON CHIEF and other poems - Adam Kidd.)

[227] The illustrious Chancellor of the Exchequer, Spencer Perceval,
assassinated by Bellingham on the 11th May, 1812, probably took the name
of Spencer from the Earls of Egmont and Northampton, connected with the

[228] Mrs. P. Sheppard died 28th August, 1877.

[229] Died July the 7th, 1878.

[230] Mr. P. Lowe, during many years in charge of the conservatory,
furnished us with the following note: - "The hot-houses belonging to Henry
Atkinson, while in my charge, consisted of pinery, stove and orchid house.
In the pinery were grown specimens of the Providence, Enville, Montserrat
and Queen pines - a plant of the latter variety, in fruit, being exhibited
at the Horticultural Exhibition, Montreal, in September, 1852, the fruit
of which weighed between five and six pounds, tang the first pine-apple
exhibited of Canadian growth, but not the first grown at Spencer Wood, it
was noticed in the _Illustrated London News_. The following are the names
of a few of the plants grown in the stove-house: - _Ardisia; Alamanda;
Amaryllis, Achimenes; Aschynanthus, Asclepias, Begonias, Crinums,
Centradinias; Calumnmas, Drymonias; Euphorbias, Franciscia; Goidfussia;
Gesneras_, in twelve varieties; _Gloxinias_, in twenty-four varieties;
_Gloriosa; Gardenias; Hibiscus; Inga; Ipomaea; Justicia; Lamandra;
Legastrema; Musa-Cavendishii_, which we fruited - the only one fruited in
the province to this day, to my knowledge - the bunch of fruit weighed
ninety pounds; _Maranta; Melastomas, Mennetties; Nymphas; Osbeekias,
Penteas, Passiflora; Peideum; Stephenotis, Streluzias; Russellea; Ruellea;
Rondilitia, Tabernaemonana; Tradescantia; Vinca; Clerodendrons,_ &c., &c.
In the orchid house, the following are a portion of the names of plants
grown be me: - _Bletia; Bolbophyllum; Cyppripedium; Cymbedium; Catazetum;
Cattleya; Brassavoleas, Dendrobiums, Epidendrons, Aerides; Gongora;
Gomezia; Maxallaria; Oncidium, Plurathalis; Pholidota; Physosiphon;
Plurathalles; Peristerias, Ripsalis, Stanhopeas; Zygopetalum_, &c., &c.
The houses containing the above were heated by hot-water pipes for
atmospheric heat and open tanks for bottom heat; they were the most
complete of the kind I have seen either in Canada or Great Britain - so
much so, that, during my stay with Mr. Atkinson, we used to produce for
Christmas and New Year's Day pine-apples, cucumbers, rhubarb, asparagus
and mushrooms, all in the same house."

[231] Mr. DeGaspé married, 1811, Susanna, daughter of Thos. Allison, Esq.,
a captain of the 6th Regiment, infantry, and of Theresse Baby, the
latter's two brother officers, Captains Ross Lewin and Bellingham,
afterwards Lord Bellingham, married at Detroit then forming part of Upper
Canada, two sisters, daughters of the Hon. Jacques Duperon Baby.

[232] The copy of Audubon's works here alluded to, was the same, we opine,
as that generously presented by the illustrious _savant_ to Mr. Martyn,
chronometer-maker, St Peter street, - an ardent ornithologist, whose roof
sheltered the great naturalist, in Quebec in 1842.

Audubon made several excursions round Quebec to study our birds, was the
honoured guest of the late Henry Atkinson, at Spencer Wood, and visited
the collection of Canadian birds of Hon. William Sheppard, at Woodfield.

[233] His last work in the cause of natural history is the publication of
his "_Tableau Synoptique des Oiseaux du Canada_," got the use of schools,
which must have entailed no small amount of labour, a sequel to "_Les
Oiseaux du Canada_," 2 vols., 1860.

[234] These stones and inscriptions were donated to the author of "_Quebec
Past and Present_" - by the city authorities on taking down the City Gates.

[235] Pierre Herman Dosquet, born at Lille in Flanders in 1691, arrived in
Canada in 1721, was shortly afterwards sent a missionary to the Lake of
Two Mountains, was made a bishop in 1725, purchased Samos from Nicholas de
la Nouiller, in 1731, where he built a country house in 1732. Sold it some
years afterwards to the Quebec Seminary, visited France in 1733 and
resigned his see and left the country in 1739 and died in Paris in 1777.

[236] Judge Adam Mabane died in 1792.

[237] A fairy plot of a flower garden was laid out near the edge of the
cliff to the north-east, with a Chinese Pagoda enclosing the trunk of a
large tree at one side, and a tiny Grecian temple at the other.

[238] Probably the four-gun battery mentioned in the account of the Battle
of the Plains. We also find in a diary of the siege operations on the same
day, "A mortar and some l8-pounders were carried to Samos, three quarters
of a league from the town. Batteries were erected there, which fired
before night on the man-of-war that had come to anchor opposite, _L'Ance
du Foulon_, which was forced to sheer off."

[239] "Who can visit the sylvan abode, sacred to the repose of the
departed without noticing one tomb in particular in the enclosure of Wm.
Price, Esq. we allude to that of Sir Edmund Head's gifted son? The
troubled waters of the St. Maurice and the quiet grave at Sillery recall
as in a vision, not only the generous open-hearted boy, who perished in
one and sleeps in the other, but they tell us also of the direct line of a
good old family cut off - a good name passing away, or if preserved at all,
preserved only on a tombstone." - _Notman's British Americans_.

[240] The late Bishop is the author of a collection of poems known as the
_Songs of the Wilderness_, many of the subjects therein having been
furnished in the course of his apostolic labours in the Red River

[241] The following is the extract from the _True Witness_ referred
to: "In the reign of George II, the see of York falling vacant, His
Majesty being at a loss for a fit person to appoint to the exalted
situation, asked the opinion of the Rev. Dr. Mountain, who had raised
himself by his remarkable facetious temper to the See of Durham. The Dr.
wittily replied. 'Hadst thou faith, thou wouldst say to this mountain (at
the same time laying his hand on his breast) be removed and cast into the
sea (see).' His Majesty laughed heartily, and forthwith conferred the
preferment on the facetious doctor."

[242] "En 1865, les Iroquois furieux d'avoir vu manquer l'effet de leurs
propositions faites aux Hurons, firent des incursions dans la colonie et
jusqu'au bas de Québec. Au mois de mai, on plantait le blé d'Inde dans les
environs de Québec; un frère Jésuite avait voulu engager les Algonquins à
faire la garde chacun leur tour et pour leur donner l'exemple, le bon
Frère avait voulu être la première sentinelle. Il s'était donc avancé en
explorant dans les bois (c'était dans le voisinage de la propriété
actuelle de M. le Juge Caron, sur le Chemin du Cap Rouge), tout â coup le
Frère reçut deux coups de feu qui l'étendirent à terre grièvement blessé,
et en même temps deux Iroquois, sortant d'un taillis, l'assommèrent et lui
enlevèrent la chevelure. (Cours d'histoire de l'abbé Ferland à
l'Université Laval). Page 4, _Journal de l'Instruction Publique_, pour
Janvier, 1865."

[243] The Hon. Wm. Sheppard, then President of the Literary and Historical
Society of Quebec. Lady Dalhousie had presented to this Society, founded
by her husband in 1824, her herbarium (see Vol. I _Transactions_, Literary
and Historical Society, page 255).

[244] For anything good in this short sketch of our Wild Flowers, the
reader is indebted to Mr. S. S. Sturton, whose paper on the _Wild Flowers
of Quebec_ was our guide. - J. M. L.

[245] Mr. Wheeler is a younger brother of J. Talboys Wheeler, the eminent
writer on the classics, but better known latterly as the Historian of

[246] The History of Emily Montague, by Mrs. Brooke, London, 1769.

[247] It has been excessively difficult to procure even one copy of this
now old book, the edition being out of print more than sixty years ago.
The _Literary and Historical Society_ of Quebec, is indebted to Edwin
King Esq., Post Office Inspector, Montreal, for the only copy I ever saw.
Tradition recalls that Mrs. Brooks the novelist, was the wife of a
military Chaplain, stationed in Quebec in 1766. [248] The vinery contains
the following new varieties, etc: - Black Alicante Foster's Seedling,
White, Muscat Hamburg, Lady Downs, Golden Hamburg, also the common Black
Hamburg, Joslyn St. Albans, Muscat of Alexandria, Sweet Water, Black St.
Peter's, &c., &c. The conservatory is stocked with seventy Camellia
Japonica of the newest varieties, twenty varieties of choice Azelias;
Chorozemas, Heaths, Epacris, Dillwynia, Eriostemon, Acacias, Geraniums,
Fuchias, with a large collection of creeping plants, &c.

[249] William Smith was second son of Chief Justice William Smith, of
Quebec, born on 7th February, 1769, educated at Kensington Grammar School,
London, and came to Canada with his father in 1786. He was appointed, soon
after, Clerk of the Provincial Parliament, and subsequently Master in
Chancery of the Province of Lower Canada, and, in 1814, was appointed by
Earl Bathurst a member of the Executive Council. He was the author of the
first English "History of Canada, from its first discovery to the year
1791," a standard work in two volumes. He died at Quebec, 17th December,

William Smith married Susan, who died at Quebec, 26th Jan, 1819, daughter
of Admiral Charles Webber, of the County of Hampshire, England, by whom he
left five children:

1. William Breudenell Smith, late Colonel of the 15th Regt., (now of

2. Charles Webber Smith, of London, married Anna Chelworth, and died in
1879, without issue.

3. Emily Ann Smith, married the Rev. Geo., son of General Mackie, late
Governor of St. Lucia, and left issue Rev. Dr. Mackie, was for years
the Rector of the Anglican Cathedral at Quebec.

4. Louisa Janet Smith, married her cousin Robert Smith, son of Chief
Justice Sewell.

5. Caroline Susanna Smith, married Henry, son of Andrew Stuart, M. P.,
Quebec. - _Magazine of American Hist._, _June_ 1881.

[250] A plan drawn by Jeremiah McCarthy, P. L. S., dated 1802, shows what
was the Smith estate on St. Louis Street, in the early part of the



Chief Justice William Smith was the eldest son of William Smith, who was a
member of His Majesty's Council, and afterwards Judge of the King's Bench
for the State of New York. He was born at New York, 18th June, 1728. In
his youth, he was sent to a grammar school, and afterwards to Yale
College, Connecticut, where he greatly distinguished himself by his
learning. He was an excellent Greek and Hebrew scholar, and a thorough
mathematician. He was appointed Chief Justice of New York, 24th April,
1780. At the breaking out of the rebellion in 1775, he was a staunch
Loyalist, and left New York in the same vessel with the King's troops and
Sir Guy Carleton, and landed at Plymouth, 16th January, 1784. As A reward
for his loyalty, he was made Chief Justice of Lower Canada, 1st September,
1785, and came to Canada in the Frigate "Thistle" of 28 guns, with Lord
Dorchester, the Governor-General of Canada, landing at Quebec, 23rd
October, 1786. Chief Justice Smith was the author of the "History of the
Province of New York, from the first settlement to the year 1732." He
married, 3d November, 1752, Janet, daughter of James Livingstone, Esq., of
New York, and died at Quebec, 6th December, 1793. His Royal Highness,
Prince Edward, fourth son of King George III, with a numerous train of
friends, followed the remains to the grave from his late dwelling on St.
Louis street. He owned the land on which his son-in-law, Chief Justice
Sewell, subsequently built his mansion, down, he the lot (inclusive) on
which stood his dwelling, and where his son the Hon. William Smith, died
in 1847. It is now the property of sheriff Chs. Alleyn.

[252] The Quebec Library Association founded by Lord Dorchester at Quebec
in 1779.

[253] An accurate and interesting account of the hardships and sufferings
of the band of heroes who traversed the wilderness in the campaign against
Quebec 1775, by John Joseph Henry, Esq., late President of the Second
Judicial District of Pennsylvania - Lancaster, printed by William Greer

Henry, according to the preface written by his daughter, was born Nov. 4th
1758, at Lancaster, Pennsylvania. In the fall of 1775 - being then 17 years
of age, he joined a regiment of men raised in Lancaster Co. for the
purpose of joining Arnold, who at that time was stationed in Boston. His
book is addressed to "my dear children" and assures them "upon the honour
of a gentleman and an honest man, that every word here related, to the
best of his recollection and belief is literally true." He with an officer
and seven men were dispatched in advance of the army "for the purpose of
ascertaining and marking the paths which were used by the Indians at the
numerous places in the wilderness towards the head of the river Kennebec,
and also to ascertain the course of the river Chaudière." Each day's
proceedings are carefully noted, and are really highly interesting,
showing the great privations they had to endure.

[254] The remains of this old French chapel were recently discovered, (the
site belongs to R. R. Dobell & Co.) and a small monument erected to Father
Massé who was interred there in 1646.

[255] "7th September, 1759. - Fine warm weather, Admiral Holmes' squadron
weighed early this morning. At six o'clock we doubled the mouth of the
Chaudière, which is near half a mile over; and at eight we came to anchor
off Cap Rouge. Here is a spacious cove, into which the river St. Michael
disembogues, and within the mouth of it are the enemy's floating
batteries. A large body of the enemy is well entrenched round the cove,
(which is of circular form) as if jealous of a descent in those parts;
they appear very numerous, and may amount to about one thousand six
hundred men, besides their cavalry, who are cloathed in blue, and mounted
on neat horses of different colours; they seem very alert, parading and
counter marching between the woods on the heights in their rear, and their
breastworks, in order to make their number show to the greater advantage.
The lands all around us are high and commanding, which gave the enemy an
opportunity of popping at our ships, this morning, as we tacked in working
up." - _Knox's Journal, Siege of Quebec_, 1759, vol. ii., page 56.


The Earl of Winchelsea and Nottingham addressed the following letter to
the _Pall Mall Gazette_, in May 1870: - Sir, - The fox is tolerated,
nay preserved (under the penalty of conventional ostracism against his
slayers,) because he is the only animal with whose intellect man may
measure himself upon equal terms without an overwhelming sense of the odds
in his favour. The lion, the elephant, the ibex, the chamois, and the red
deer are beasts of chase falling before man, but the fox alone can cope
with him in point of intellect and sagacity, and put him to all his
shifts. It is this ingredient in fox-hunting - viz: the consciousness of
having to do with a foe worthy of him, which brings men of all ages,
sorts, kinds, intellects, characters, and professions to the covert side,
uniting together occasionally as odd an assemblage as ever went into the
ark. No man, when he puts on his top-boots in the morning, can say whether
he may not be about to assist at a run which may live in story like the
Billesdon Coplow or the Trojan War, and of which it shall be sufficient,
not only to the fortunate sportsman himself but to his descendants of the
third and fourth generation, to say - he was there!

Villiers, Cholmondeley, and Forester made such sharp play,
Not omitting Germaine, never seen till to-day:
Had you jug'd of these four by the trim of their pace
At Bib'ry you'd thought they had been riding a race.
_Billesdon Coplow_.

"Their fame lives still. But what, O ye sentimentalists! would ye prepare
both for fox and fox-hunter? If the fox was not regarded as the only
animal possessed of these talents and capabilities, he must shortly rank
as a sneaking little robber of hen-roosts, the foe of the good wife and
gamekeeper, and become as extinct as a dodo. Were the fox himself
consulted, I am sure that he would prefer to this ignoble fate the present
pleasant life which he is in the habit of leading upon the sole condition
of putting forth all his talent and dying game when wanted."

[257] I am indebted for a deal of information contained in this
communication to McPherson LeMoyne, Esq., Seigneur of Crane Island, P.Q.,
and lately President of the Montreal Club for the _protection of fish
and game_.

[258] Chs. Panet, Esq., ex-member for the County of Quebec.

[259] The sanguinary battle of Fontenoy was fought on the 11th May, 1745.
The Duke of Cumberland, subsequently surnamed "the butcher," for his
brutality at Culloden, commanding the English, &c, the French led by
Maréchal de Saxe. This defeat, which took place under the eye of Louis XV
cost the British 4041, their allies the Hanoverians, 2762 and the Dutch
1541 men. Success continued to attend the French arms at Ghent, Bruges,
Oudenarde, and Dendermond, which were captured - (_Lord Mahon_) Wolfe,
Murray and Townshend were at Fontenoy. The battle of Lauffeld took place
on the 2nd July, 1747, the English commanded by Cumberland, the French by
Saxe, the chief of the English Cavalry, Sir John Ligonier, being taken
prisoner - (_Lord Mahon_). The French victory of Carillon, in which
the Militia of Canada bore a conspicuous part, was won near Lake George,
8th July, 1758. The English army, under General Abercrombie, though more
numerous, was repulsed with great slaughter.

[260] Chs. Tarieu de Lanaudière, Knight of St. Louis, commanded a portion
of the Canadian Militia at Carillon, and also during the campaign of 1759.
Under the English rule he was Aide de Camp to Sir Guy Carleton - served in
1775, and accompanied the General to England, where George III rewarded
him handsomely. He was called to the Legislative Council, and appointed
Deputy Postmaster General of Canada.

[261] _Knox's Journal_. Vol. I, p. 179.

[262] The Bureau was at the foot of Mountain Hill, next to (the Old
Neptune) _Chronicle_ Office.

[263] For many years, it was the practice to close the gates of Quebec at
gun fire (10 p.m.) for carriages, leaving the wicket open only for
pedestrians, in the troublous days of 1837-8, the wicket at times was

[264] Mr. Jean Taché, the first owner of the "Old Neptune Inn," and of a
poetical turn, wrote the first Canadian poem, intituled _Tableau de la

[265] _History of French Dominion in North and South America_. - Jeffery,
London, 1760, page 9.

[266] Montgomery Place, on the Hudson, is now the residence of Mrs. Ed.
Livingston, a country seat of unrivalled beauty. - "It is," says _Downing_,
"one of our oldest improved country seats, having been originally the
residence of General Montgomery, the hero of Quebec. On the death of his
widow, it passed into the hands of her brother, Edward Livingston, Esq.,
the late Minister in France." - page 31.

[267] Major Samuel Holland was also a first rate Engineer. He was, says
Abbé Bois, one of the legatees of the late Gen. Wolfe, and died at Quebec,
28th Dec, 1801.

[268] My old friend, the late Wm. Price, Esq., of Wolfe's Field, to whose
literary taste and happy memory, I am indebted for several incidents in
these pages, and whose written statement I still hold, anent the
mysterious stranger could not at the time furnish me with her name, it had
escaped his memory, but, as he informed me since he had furnished it to
Lady Head, his amiable neighbor of Spenser Wood. (Her name was Neville).

[269] The old Château Garden. - This lot, 3 acres, 3 yards, 9-1/2 feet in
superficies, was granted to Major Samuel Holland by letters-patent, under
the great seal, on the 12th March, 1766, with certain reservations as to
the requirements for barracks or fortifications. The Major does not seem
to have taken possession of it - but about 1780, General Haldimand having
tendered Major Holland the sum of £800 as an indemnity for the use of the
land, and the amount being refused, Government took possession of the lot
and erected there a five-gun battery. Major Holland died in 1801, and by
his will, dated 25th Oct., 1800, bequeathed the property to his wife,
Marie Josette Rolet, and his children, John Frederick, Charlotte, Susannah
and George Holland, in equal shares.

[270] The original Holland House stood a little behind the present

[271] The last will and codicil of S. Holland was executed before Chs.
Voyer and colleague, N.P., at Quebec, and bears date 14th and 25th
December, 1800. The Château St. Louis property is therein thus described:
- "Un grand emplacement proche le Château St. Louis, donné et accordé au
dit Sieur Testateur, cultivé actuellement en jardin."

[272] The Gomin road took its name from Dr. Gomin, a French botanist and
physician, whose dwelling according to plans in the possession of the
"Seigneurs" the Seminary of Quebec stood some two hundred years ago on or
near the spot where the cottage of Jas. Connolly, Esq., now exists.

[273] This property has since passed by sherrif's sale into the hands of
Arch. Campbell, Esquire, of Thornhill, and is actually owned by Israel
Tarte, M.P.P.

[274] This deed was passed at Quebec before W. Fisher Scott, N.P. It
purports to have been executed "in the Gaoler's Room," _entre les deux
guichets_, in the common gaol of the district of Quebec. Some of those
who signed it must have been in custody, why or wherefore does not appear.

[275] A truculent gardener, it is said, who had been left in charge, some
years back, converted the monumental slabs into grinding stones, on the
15th November, 1871, a violent storm broke in twain the Holland Tree.

[276] The iron statue erected in 1863, to commemorate the Battle of St.
Foye, fought April 28th, 1760.

[277] Vol. ii., p. 224.

[278] Subsequently Col. of the American Rebel Regiment called the
"Congress Own." - See _Quebec Gazette_, 7 March, 1838.

[279] Bleak House, on the St. Louis Heights.

[280] "John King, living on General Murray's farm, at _Sans bruit_,
having the best pasturage for cattle in the neighborhood during the
summer, well watered by several runs, informs all those who may choose to
send him their cows that they will be well taken care of, and that he will
send them cow-herds to town every morning at six o'clock, who will bring
them home every evening between five and six. The price will be two
dollars for the summer, to be paid said King on St. Michael's day." -
_Quebec Gazette, 4th April_, 1768.

[281] Cannon balls, shot and shell, and rusty bayonets have been dug up in
the neighborhood. Old metallic buttons, with the figure XV., were picked
up showing that they once ornamented the scarlet uniforms of many gallant
fellows of that XVth Regiment, who, "at eight in the morning on the 28th
April, 1760," had issued triumphantly from St. John Gate - _never to

[282] Emery de Caen dined here with the Jesuits, 6th August, 1632. -
_Relations des Jésuites_.

[283] Cahire-Coubat (expressive of windings, says Sagard,) called by
Jacques Cartier, the river Ste. Croix (of the Holy Cross), and
subsequently denominated the River St. Charles, in compliment says La
Potherie, to Charles de Boues, Grand Vicar of Pontoise, founder of the
first mission of the Récollets in New France.

[284] "Champlain a certainement jeté un grand jour sur cette question, en
prouvant aussi bien qu'il était possible de le faire, que Jacques Cartier
avait hiverné dans la rivière Saint Charles, et en faisant lui-même des

Online LibraryJ.M. Le MoinePicturesque Quebec : a sequel to Quebec past and present → online text (page 58 of 59)