Joachim Heinrich Campe.

The new Robinson Crusoe : an instructive and entertaining history for the use of children of both sexes, translated from the French (Volume 1/2) online

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names, which were fo dear to him, upon a
number of other trees in other parts of the
ifland, and, from that time forward, he ge-
nerally offered up his prayers at the foot of
one of thefe trees, and never failed to re-
member his parents in them.

Geo. For once, I think, he behaved
well.

Mr, Bill, He is, at prefent, in the fair-
eft train to become an honeft and good
man, and for this he is indebted to the
wife Providence of Heaven which con-
du6ted him hither.

Geo, He might now, therefore, return to
his parents, if Providence thought fit.

Mr. Bill. God, who forefees every thing
that will happen, knows beft what is for the
advantage of any man, and will regulate
the events of his life accordingly. It is

true^



iS T H E N E W

true, circumftances have kindled a fpark
of virtue in Robinfon's bread, but wha
can tell if other circumftances would not
quickly extinguifh this fpark again ; and if
he was at this moment taken from his
illand, and reilored to his father's houfe,.
who knows whether the infeftion of exam-
ple and profperity would not corrupt him
once more I Oh, my children, how juft is
this precept, « Let him that ftandeth take-
heed left he fall !"

While Robinfon walked backwards and
forwards on the beach, it occurred to him
tliat he would do well to bathe himfelf.
He therefore took off his cloaths ; but how
was he terrified on feeing the condition of
his fliirt, the only one that he had ! As
he had worn it without fhifting for fo long ]
a time, and in fb hot a climate,, one could
fcarcely perceive that the linen had ever
been white. Wherefore, before he bathed
himfelf, he took care to wafh this fhirt as
well as poffible, and, having hung it upon
a tree to dry, he jumped into the water. \



ROBINSON CRUSOE. I^

He had learned to fwim pretty early,
fo that, being perfe6t mafter of the exer-
cife, he amufed himfelf with fwimming out
to a good diftance from fhore towards a
neck of land that extended pretty far into
the fea, and upon which he had never been
yet.

Charlotte, A neck of land? "What is
that ?

Mr, BilL We give that name to a long
piece of land, one end of which joins an
ifland or a continent, and the other flretches
cut into the fea. You underiland ?

Charlotte. Oh, perfedlly.

Mr, BilL This thought of Robinfon's
was very iucky^ for he found that the neck
of land was, during the time of high wa-
ter, entirely covered, and that, on the eb-
bing of the tide, a confiderable quantity of
turtles, oyfters, and mufcles, were left be-
hind. This time, indeed, he could not
carry any of them away, neither did he
want them at prefent, as his kitchen was
fufficiently ftored : however, the difcovery

of



to T H E N E W

of them afforded him no fmall degree of
fatisfadlion.

That part of the fea in which he fwam.
abounded with fifli fo plentifully that he ,
could almofl have caught them with his
hands. If he had had a net he might have |
taken them by thoufands; however, though
he had none, he hoped, as he had been
hitherto fo fortunate in all his underta*
kings, that he might one day or other be
mailer of a fiihing net. :l

Satisfied with thefe difcoveries, he came
out of the water, after having been a full
hour in it. The heat of the fun had en-
tirely dried liis fhirt, and he had the plea-
fure once more of putting on clean linen.

But, as he had contraded the habit of
reflecting upon every thing, he confidered
that this pleafure could not laft very long;
for, having but one fhirt, he was obliged
to wear it conllantly, and, when it was
worn out, he had none to replace it. Thig
refiedion damped his joy a good deal ; ne-
verthelefs, he took courage, and after he ,

hadr



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 21

had drefled himfelf, returned to his habita-
tion, frequently repeating to hinafelf, " The
Lord be praifed for all things V*

Rich. He is right now not to fufFer him-
felf to be caft down or defpond, but to put
a reafonable trufl in Providence.

Harriet, Oh, how I fhould like to fee
Robinfon. I am very fond of him.

Geo, If papa would only give me paper,
I Ihould like to write him a letter.

Edw, So would I too.

Rich, And 1 3 it would give me great
pleafure to write to him.

Harriet, Well, fo it would m.e, if I knew
jhow to write.

Mrs, BilL My dear, you fhall tell mc
what you would fay to him -, I will write
for you.

Harriet. Oh, thank ye, mama, that
will do charmingly.

Mrs, Bill, Come, then, I will give you
all paper.

Upon this, they retired to the next
room for about half an hour, at the end

of



Zt T H E N E W

of which time they all returned in great
Ipirits, with each his letter in his hand.

Harriet. Here, papa^ here is my letter 5
pray be fo good as to read it.

Mr. Biilingjley reads:
" My dear Robinfon,

^' Take pains to be induilrious and good;
that will pleafe every body, and efpecially
your father and mother. You now fee
how ufeful it is to fuffer a little hardlhip.
George and Richard fend their compliments
to you ; fo do Henry and Edward. Come
fome day and fee us, I will then tell you
more. Harriet."

Geo, Now mine, papa : here it is.

Mr, Biilingjley reads :
*^ My dear friend,

" We wifh you all the happinefs pofTible,
■and as foon as I get fome pocket-money I
will buy you fomething. And go on, as
you have begun, to be a good lad. I fend
you along with this fome bread ; and take
care not to fall fick. How is your health ?

I wiHi



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 23

I wifh you well, dear Robinfon, though I
do not know you -, yet I like you very well,
and am your faithful friend,

George Billingsley.
^wickenham^ Feb, 7, 1788.*'

Edw. Well, here is mine 5 but I fear it
is too fhort.

Mr, Billingsley reads :
*^ Dear Robinfon,

" I am forry that you are fo unfortunate.
If you had (laid at home, thefe misfortunes
would never h^e happened. Take care
of yourfelf, and return as foon as pofTible to
your dear parents. Once more, take care
of yourfelf. I am your faithful friend,

Edward Billingsley.*'

Rich, Now mine. It is my turn next.

Mr. Billingsley reads :

*' Honoured Robinfon,

" I pity you very much, that you arc
thus feparated from every living creature.
I fuppofe you are forry for it yourfelf at pre-

Vol. II, B fcntr



24 - T H E N E W

fent. I wifh, with all my heart, that you
may be able, fome day or other, to return
to your dear parents. Fail not, for the (u-
ture, to put your truft in Providence on all
occafions : you will fare the better for it. I
fky, again, take care of your health.
I am.

Your fincere friend,
Richard Billingsley.
Twickenham, Feh. 7, 1788."

Henry, Mine, I am afraid, is good for
nothing.

Mr. Bill. Let us fee.

Henry. I only wrote a few words in a hur-.
ry, that I might have done as foon as the reft.

Mr. Billingsley reads :

" My dear Mr. Crufoe,
" How goes the world with you yonder
in your ifland ? I am told you have met
with a good nnany turns of fortune. You
cannot tell yet, I fuppofe, whether your ifland
is inhabited or not ? 1 fhould be very
glad to know. I underftand too that you

have



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 25
have found a great lump of gold 5 but there
in your ifland it is of no fervice to you/'— r
[Mr, Bill, You might have added, nor here
in Europe neither. The greateft quantity
of gold that a man can poffefs will never
render him either better or happier.] — '' It
would have been better for you had you
found fome iron inftcad of it : you could,
then, have made yourfelf a knife, a hatchet,
and other tools. I v/ifn you well^
And am.

Your faithful friend,
Henry Billingslet,
^wickenham^ Feb. 7, 1788."

Geo. But now, after ail, how are we to
fend our letters ?

Harriet. We need only give them to
fom.e captain of a fhip that is going to South
America ; and then too we can fend him
fomething. I will fend him fome apples
and fome walnuts. You'll give me fome
for him — won't you, mama ?

Rich, (whi/pering his father) They are
B 2 fo



26 T H E N E W

fo foft as to think that Roblnfon Cmfoc U
ftill alive.

Mr. Bill My dear children, I thank you,
in Robinfon*s nanne, for the kindnefs that
you ihew him ; but as to thefe letters, it
won't be in my power to fend them,

Geo, La ! why not ?

Mr. Bill. By reafon that Robinfon has
been long fince in heaven, and his body is
returned to dud.

Geo. Ah 1 what, is he dead ? and but
juft now he has been bathing himfelf 1

Mr. Bill. You forget, my dear George,
that what I relate to you concerning Robin-
fon Crufoe, happened fifty years ago: fo
that he mud have been dead a long time.
But I am now writing his hiftory, and fhall
take care to have your letters printed along
with it.

Harriet. Oh ! that will be charming.
But in the mean time, I fuppofe, papa, you
will go on telling us fomething of him.

Mr. Bill, With pleafure. I have things
to tell you ftill that will pleafe you as well

as



"ROBINSON CRUSOE. 27

as what you have already heard. But for
this evening, I think, we have had enough.
— Robinfon, after bathing hinnfelf, went
home to his dwelling place, ate his fupper,
faid his prayers, and wxnt to reft contentedly.
And it is time for us to do fo too*



EIGHTH EVENIN®*

JMK. BiU, Well, where did we leave
off laft night ?

Henry, Where Robinfon went to bed after
bathing.

Mr. Bill. Oh ! right.— Well, then, Ro-
binfon rofe the next morning early, and pre-
pared for the chace. He furnilhed his
pouch with plenty of roafted potatoes, and a
good large (lice of roafted turtle, which he
wrapped up in the leaves of the cocoa-nut
B 3 tree.



23 T H E N E W

tree. Next he flung his hatchet by his
fide, tied the cord, which he had nnade the
day before for catching the lamas, round iiis
waifb, took his unabrella in his hand, and
began his march.

It was very early 5 he refolved, therefore,
for this time, to take a round, in order to
make himfelf acquainted with fome other
parts of his iQand. Amongft the numbers of
various birds that fluttered about the trees,
he remarked fome parrots, the colours of
whofe plumage were extraordinary beautiful.
How did he wifh to have one of them that
he might tame it, and have it for his com-
panion ! But the old ones were too cun-
ning to be caught, and he could no where
difcover a neft with young ones. He was
obliged, therefore, to put off the gratification
of this wifli until fome other opportunity.

In return for this difappointment, he dif-
covered, in the Courfe of his walk, a thing
much more neceflary to him than a parrot ;
for, getting to the top of a hill near the fea-
fide, and looking down between the cracks

of



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 2<)

of the rock, he faw fomething lie on the
ground which excited his curiofity. He
let himfelf dov/n by the aiTiftance of his feet
and hands, and found, to his great fatisfac-
tion, that it was— what do you think ?

Henry. Pearls, perhaps.

Rich, Yes, truly, the fight of pearls
would have given him great fatisfadion ! Per-
haps it was iron.

Edw. Nay, do not you know that iron is
not to be found in hot climates ? It was, per-
liaps, another lum.p of gold.

Harriet, Nonfenfe ! Would that have
made him glad ? Gold was of no ufe to
him, you heard before.

Mr. Bill, I fee you will not be able to
guefs, then ; I v/ill tell you. What he
found was — fait.

Hitherto he had, it is true, in fome re-
fped, fupplied the want of fait with fea-wa-
ter i but, after all, that v/as not fait. The
fea-water has a bitter tafte which is very
difagreeable -, and, befides, it was a miftake to
think that meat faked in this manner would
B 4 keep ^



JO -T Jl E U E W

keep 5 becaufe fea-water, as well as that of
a fpring or river, grows (linking after it has
Hood fome tinne. It was, therefore, a very
lucky thing that he found fonne real fair, and
he filled both his pockets with it, in order
to fupply himfelf with a flock for immedi-
ate ufe.

Geo. How did that fait come there, papa?

Mr. BilL Then you do not remember
what I told you one day concerning the
original of fait ?

Rich. Oh ! yes i I recolledl it flill. Some
they take out of the earth, fome they make
of fait- water that flows in fprings, and fome,
again, is made from fea-water.

Mr, BilL Now, the fait made from fea*
water is either prepared by men or by the
fun.

Geo. The fun ?

Mr. BilL Yes; for when any fea-water
is left upon the land, after a high tide, or a
fiood, the fun makes the water by degrees
to evaporate, and what remains on the fpot
is then fait.

Harriet.



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 3I

Harriet. Well, that is comical.

Mr, Bill, See with what kindnefs Heaven
provides for us! That which we can leaft do
without, does always require the leaft pre-
paration by art, and is always found in the
greateft abundance.

Robinfon went in high fpirits to the place
where he hoped to noofe a lama. When
he came there, he faw none 3 but then it
was not quite noon. He fat down^ there-
fore, at the foot of a tree to regale himfelf
with his roaft turtle and potatoes. How
much more favoury did they taftc to him
now that he had a little fait to eat with:,
them !

Juft as he had finifhed his meal, the la-
mas appeared at a diftance, coming towards-
him with fkips and bounds.- Robinfon .
quickly placed himfelf in a pofture of at-
tack, and waited with his noofe ready for
the approach of one of the lamas. Several
had pafied him beyond his reach ; but, all.
at once, there cam.e up one fo near to him,
that he fcarce needed more than to drop
B 5 the.



32 T H E N E W

the noofe to have him faft in it. He did

{o, and that naoment the lama was his pri-

foner.

The poor beaft would have bleated, but
left that fhould frighten the reft, Robinfon
pulled the noofe fo tight, that the lama was
completely filenced. He then dragged it as
faft as he could into a thick coppice to hide
it from the reft.

This lama was a female, and had two
young ones, which followed her, to the
great fatisfa6lion of Robinfon, and did not
appear to be the leaft afraid of him. He
patted the pretty little things, and they—
juft as if they would have begged of himi to
let their mother go— licked his hands.

Geo. Well, then, I think he might have
let her go.

Mr. Bill. He would have been a great
fool in doing fo.

Geo. Nay, the poor creature had done him
no harm hov/ever.

Mr. Bill. But he had occafion for it i
and you know, my dear George, we are

permitted



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 33

permitted to make ufe of animals in cafe of
need, provided we do not abufe them.

Robinfon was tranfported with joy at
.having fo happily attained his object. He
dragged the creature along with all his
ftrength, though fhe jumped and fkipped a
good deal to get from him, and the two little
ones followed quietly behind. The fhorteft
way v;as novv' the bed for Robinfon, and,
purfuing that, he at length arrived happily
at his dwelling place.

But here ftarted a diiHcuky. How was
he to get the lama into his enclofure^ which>.
as we have faid before, was fo ftrongly bar-
ricaded all round r To fling it down from
the top of the rock, by means of a cord, was
not at all advifeable -, the poor animal might
be ftrangled in the way. Robinfon refolved,
therefore, to make up a little liable near his
place of abode, and there to keep the lama
and her young ones, until he Ihould be able
to fuit his conveniency better.

In the mean time he fattened the animal

to a tree, and immediately fell to workj that

B6 h



34 T H E N E W

is to fay, he cut down with his hatchet of
flint a number of young trees, and fixed
them in the ground, fo clofe, one befide the
t;ther, that they formed a pretty flrong wall.
While this was doing, the lama lay down
through wearinefs, and the little ones, no \
way troubled at their being prifoners, were
fucking quite unconcerned, and feafling
themfelves at their eafe.

What a pleafing fight was this to Robin*-
fon ! Above a dozen times he ftopped from
his work to look at the pretty little crea-
tures, and thought himfelf beyond meafure
happy in having Ibme animated beings to
bear him company. From this moment his
life feemed no longer folitary, and the joy
v/hich he felt from this refledlion, gave him
fuch tlrength and activity, that his liable
was very foon finifhed : he then put the la-
ma and her young ones into it, and clofed'
up the lad opening with branches firmly,
interwoven.

What was his fatisfadtlon now I It is^
impollible for words to defcribe it. Be-

fides



ROBINSON C R IT S ». 35^

jfides the company of ihe lamaSju. which of
itfelf was a valuable thing, he promifed
himfelf many other great advantages, and
with much reafon : for in time he might
perhaps learn to make fome fort of cloath-
ing with the wool of thefe animals ^ he might
ufe their milk for food, he might make but-
ter and cheefe of ir. It is true, he did not:
yet know by what means he fhould at-
tain thefc objedts, which were ftifl fo far
diftant; but he had already experienced that*
no man Ihould defpair of his &ill or per-
formance, provided he gives his whole mind
to the work, and applies to it with perfe-
vering attention.

There wanted flill one thing to complete
his happinefs : he wifhed to be in the fame
enclofure with his dear lamas, that he might
have them always before his eyes when he
was at home, and enjoy the fatisfadion^ of
feeing them grow fond of his company.

He puzzled himfelf a long time to- find
how he fhould accomplifh this : at length,
his determination was to breakdown one fide



36 T H E N E W

of his wall of trees, not grudging whatever
•labour it might cod him, and to make ano-
ther wall that would take in a larger fpace.
This alteration, befides, would give him
more room, and make him more at his eafe.
But in order to be fecure from all accidents
while he was working at his new hedge, he
prudently refolved not to break the old wall
until he had iinifhed the new.

Thanks to his indefatigable pains, the
work was finiihed in a few days, and then
Robinfon had the fatisfadion of being in the
fame habitation with his three domeftic com-
panions. This, however, did not make him
forget his firlt companion, the fpider, which
he provided every day with gnats and flies.
The fpider, foon perceiving that he ufed her
as a friend, grew fo tame, that, whenever he
touched her web, fhe would come out and
receive from his hand the fly that he held to
her.

The lama alfo and its young ones foon grew
fond of his fociety. As often as he returned
home, they came jumping to meet him; they

would



ROBINSON CRUSOE. 37

would fmeli about him to find whether he
had brought them any thing, and gratefully
lick his hand whenever he gave them frefli
grafs or young branches to eat.

After this he weaned the young ones, and
then began to milk the dam regularly morn-
ing and evening. His cocoa-nut Ihells
ferved him for pails and milk pans, and this
milk, which he ukd partly fweet and partly
curdled, contributed not a little, by its agree-
able tafte and nourifhing quality, to render
his folitary life Hill more tolerable.

As his cocoa-nut tree was ufeful to him
in fo many refpeds, he was extremely de-
lirous to find a method of producing more
of them. But how was he to contrive it ?
He had often heard of grafting trees, but
the manner in which it was done had never
excited his curiofity. *' Oh," faid he to
himfelf, " how little is the advantage that I
have reaped from the years of my childhood,
when I had time and opportunity to have
learnt fo much ! Ah ! if I had known my
©wn intereft better, fhould I not have taken

notice



jS THE NEW

notice of every thing that I faw or heard?
And if my capacity did not allow me to ar -
rive at the height of learning which m.any
men attain, I fhould at leafl have come near-
it ^ and how ufeful would every thing that-
I could have learnt be to- me at this prefent
moment ! Oh ! if I could grow youngs
again, how attentive would I be to every,
thing that is executed by the hands or in-
duftry of men ! There is not a trade nor an;
art of which I would not have endeavoured i
to learn fomepart."

But of what ufe were thefe wifhes ? The
misfortune was now pail remedy. It was^
therefore, his bufmefs to exert himfelf in
fupplying by his own invention what he
wanted in fkill ; and this, in effedl'j.was the-:
courfe that he took.

Without knowing whether he was right '
or wrong, he cut off the tops of two ot
three young trees ; in the middle of the
trunk he made a fmall flit, in- which he
ftuck a young twig from the cocoa-nut rreev.
he then covered round with thin bark th«

placcu '



ROBIN 5 ON CHUSOE. J9

f kce where he had made the flit, and waited
with impatience for the refult of his labour^
This, too, fucceeded with him. After fome
time the fuckers began to bud, and now he
iiad found a method to produce a whole grove
of cocoa-nut trees.

Here was a frefh caufe for rejoicing, and
for entertaining the moQ. lively gratitude to-
wards our Creator, who has implanted in the
nature of things fuch virtues and qualities,
that living creatures are no where in want of
means to preferve themfelves, and rendei
their condition agreeable..

Both the old lama and the young were in a.
Ihort time grown as tame as dogs. He began,
therefore, by little and little, as occafion re*
quired, to make them ferve for carrying
burthens,. efpecially whenever he went out for
any thing that would have been too much
trouble for himfeif to carry..

Rich. Ay ; but how could he take them,
with him when there was no way for theoi
to go out of the enclofure ^

Mf.BilL I forgot to tell you, that,, in the

new



4^ T H E N E W

new wall, at a part where it touched a clofe
thicket, he had left an opening where a lama
eould barely fqueeze itfelf out. This hole
was not to be feen from without, and every
evening Robinfon clofed it up with branches
ftrongly interwoven together.

It was delightful to fee Robinfon coming
home to his habitatbn, and his lama walking
before him. She was foon able to find' the "
way as well as her maftcr, and when ihe
came to the little door (lie flopped firfl to
be unloaded, and then crept in upon her
brliy, Robinfon following by the fame paf-
fage. Then was the joy of the young la-
mas complete ; they expreffed their fatis-
fadlion by jumping and bleating, and would
run firft to their mother to welcome licr
hom.e, then to their mafler to carefs hrm
alfo. B-obinfon, on fuch occafions, would
mix his joy with theirs, as a father rejoices
over his children when he clafps them in his
arms once more after an abfence of fome
lime.

Mr, Rcfe. It mufl be confefTed, there is -

fome-



ROBINSON CRUSOE, 41

fomething very mftaidtive and alFedling in
this gratitude of animals towards a man who
has done them a kindnefs.

Mr. Bill. There are feveral examples of
It which are extremely flriking, and would
almofl induce ijS to believe that fome beafts
are really endued with thought like men, if
we had not, on the other hand, proofs of the
contrary,

Henry, Ay ; for inftance, the lion and the
man mentioned in Sandford and Merton
— what was the man's name ?
Rich, Androcles,

Henry, The fame. He had plucked a
thorn out of the lion's paw.

Geo, There was a good lion ! He was
{0 fond of Androcles, who had done him that
fervice ; and ever after, in return, he did the
man no harm when he had it in his power
to devour him. If they were all like him, I
fhould like to have a lion myfelf.

Rich, For my part, I like much better
the dog that belonged to a Swifs.
Harriet. What dog ?

Rich.



42 THE NEW'

Rich. Have you forgot him ? The dog
that faved the lives of two men.

Harriet, Dear Richard^ tell us that ftorj^

Rich, There was once a man in Switzer-
land, where thofe high mountains the Alps
are. Well, the man climbed up to the top of
one of them, which v/as prodigious high ;
Oh, it was as high, as high — as if you were
to put St. Paul's upon itfelf ten times over,

Geo, You leave out one thing, brother ;
he took a guide with him.

Rich, Certainly, he took a guide — well,
and the guide took his dog. Now, when
they had reached the top of the moun-
tain

Geo, Yes, and the mountain was covered
with fnow

Rich, Pray hold your tongue — Well, then,
the mountain was all covered with fnow.
Isow, when they were almoft at the top, the
gentleman flipped, and the guide going to
his afliftance flipped too, and fo then they
both flipped and flid until they were within
a few yards of the edge of the precipice,

from



ff ROBINSON CRUSOE. 45

from which they would have fallen down al-
moft a mile before they touched the bottom.
But then the good dog feized his mafter by


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Online LibraryJoachim Heinrich CampeThe new Robinson Crusoe : an instructive and entertaining history for the use of children of both sexes, translated from the French (Volume 1/2) → online text (page 8 of 13)