Johann Peter Lange.

A commentary on the Holy Scriptures: critical, doctrinal, and homiletical, with special reference to ministers and students online

. (page 153 of 164)
Online LibraryJohann Peter LangeA commentary on the Holy Scriptures: critical, doctrinal, and homiletical, with special reference to ministers and students → online text (page 153 of 164)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


20 Keep my soul, and rescue me ;

let me not be ashamed, for I have trusted in the&

21 Let integrity and uprightness preserve me ;
for I wait on thee.

22 Redeem Israel, O God,
out of all his troubles 1



PSALM XXVL
[j4 Psalm] of JJavid.

1 Judge me, Jehovah ;

for I have walked in my integrity,
and in Jehovah have I trusted ;
I shall not waver.

2 Try me, O Jehovah, and test me ;
assay my reins and my heart.

3 For thy loving-kindness is before my eyes ;
and I have walked in thy truth.

4 I have not sat with men of falsehood,
and I will not go in with dissemblers.

6 I have hated the congregation of evil doers,
and I will not sit with the wicked.

6 I will wash my hands in innocency,

and will encompass thine altar, O Jehovah ;

7 that I may publish, with the voice of thanksgiving,
and recount, all thy wondrous works.

8 Jehovah, I have loved the habitation of thy house,
and the place where thy glory dwelleth.

9 Gather not my soul with sinners,
nor my life with bloody men ;

10 in whose hands is mischief,

and their right hand is full of bribes.

11 But as for me, I will walk in my integrity;
redeem me, and be gracious to me.

12 My foot stands in an even place.

In the congregations will I bless Jehovah.

Bayed '•"' ^' '^"'^^ ' ^ * ^^^^^^ °^ *"^^'*' "^^^ ^^^^ ^°''*^ '^ "^^^ ^° ^^- ^^^- ^^' " *^<^^ ^^* assayed us, &s sUver iu afl'
Ver. 9. Oather. Compare Gen. xxy. 8, and xlix. 32, " waa gathered to his people."



PSALM XXVIII. 703



PSALM XXVIL

[4 Psalm'] of David, J-

1 JehovaK is my light and my salvation ;
of whom shall I be afraid?

Jehovah is the stronghold of my life ;
of whom shall I be in dread ?

2 When the wicked came upon me to eat up my flesh,

my foes and my enemies, they themselves stumbled and felL

3 If a host shall encamp against me,
my heart will not fear;

if war shall rise up against me,
in this will I be confident.

4 One thing have I asked of Jehovah,
that will I seek after;

that I may dwell in the house of Jehovah all the days of my life,
to behold the beauty of Jehovah,
and to inquire in his temple.
6 For in the day of evil he will hide me in his pavilion ;
he will conceal me in the covert of his tabernacle ;
he will set me on high upon a rock.

6 And now shall my head be high above my enemies round about me ;
and I will offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of triumph ;

I wUl sing, and will praise Jehovah in song.

7 Hear, O Jehovah, my voice, I cry ;

and do thou be gracious to me, and answer me,

8 To thee my heart saith, Seek ye my face, —
thy face, Jehovah, will I seek.

9 Hide not thy face from me ; .voi.T- '

turn not thy servant away in anger. ^ 1 ' .;,,

Thou hast been my help;

cast me not off, and forsake me not, O God of my salvation,

10 When my father and my mother have forsaken me,
then Jehovah will receive me.

11 Teach me thy way, O Jehovah j

lead me in a plain path, because of my enemies.

12 Give me not up to the will of my foes ;

for false witnesses have risen up against me,
and such as breathe out violence.

13 Had I not believed that I should see the goodness of Jehovali,
in the land of the living I

14 Wait on Jehovah.

Be of good courage, and let thy heart be strong,
and wait on Jehovah.

Ver. 8. To thee my heart saith, — repeating the Divine command (Seek te mt pace), and professing obedience to it.

Ter. 13. Sad I not believed. What would have followed such unbelief is more effectively implied by silence than ex-
pressed in words. Of this figure (aposiopesis) there are many examples in the Old and New Testaments. See Ex. xxxii,
82, " Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin — ; and if not, blot m<>, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written."
For other examples, see Ps. &cv. 8, and in the New Testament, Acts xxili. 9.



PSALM XXVIII.

[A Psalm] of David.

1 Unto thee, Jehovah, will 1 call.
My rock, be not deaf to me;
lest thou be silent to me,
and I become like them that go down to the pit*



704 FIEST BOOK OF PSALMS.



2 Hear the voice of my supplications when I cry to thee for help,
when I lift up my hands toward thy holy oracle.

3 Draw me not away with the wicked,
and with workers of iniquity ;

who speak peace with their neighbors,
and mischief is in their heart.

4 Give them according to their doing,
and according to the evil of their deeds.

Give them according to the work of their hands ;
render to them their desert.

5 Because they regard not the works of Jehovah,
nor the labor of his hands,

he will destroy them, and not build them up.

6 Blessed be Jehovah,

because he hath heard the voice of my supplications.

7 Jehovah is my strength and my shield ;

in him my heart trusted, and I was helped,

and my heart shall triumph, and with my song will I praise him.

8 Jehovah is strength to them ;

and a stronghold of salvation is he to his anointed.

9 Save thy people,
and bless thy heritage,

and feed them, and bear them up forever 1



PSALM XXIX.

A Paalm of David*

1 Give to Jehovah, ye sons of God,
give to Jehovah glory and strength.

2 Give to Jehovah the glory of his name ;
worship Jehovah in the beauty of holiness,

3 The voice of Jehovah is on the waters ;
the God of glory thundereth ;
Jehovah is on the great waters.

4 The voice of Jehovah is mighty ;

the voice of Jehovah is full of majesty.

5 The voice of Jehovah breaketh the cedars ;
and Jehovah breaketh the cedars of Lebanon.

6 And he maketh them skip like a calf,
Lebanon and Sirion like the young of the wild ox.

7 The voice of Jehovah cleaveth out flames of fire.

8 The voice of Jehovah shaketh the wilderness ;
Jehovah shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh.

9 The voice of Jehovah maketh the hinds bring forth,
and layeth bare the forests ;

and in his palace, they all say, Glory I

10 Jehovah sat [in judgment] at the flood ;
and Jehovah sitteth a king forever.

11 Jehovah will give strength to his people ;
Jehovah will bless his people with peace.

Ver. 1. Sont qf Ood : as In Ps. Ixxxix. 0, Job 1. 6,

Ver. 6. Sirion : the Sldonian name for Mount Hertnon.

Ver, 7. CUaxes out flamei of fire : the forked lightning.

Ver. 9. His palace,! the universe ; the whole realm of nature, fVom which thesd {Uustfatione of Wfl power and majflflty
are drawn. Palace. So the Hebrew word is properly translated, la Pa. xlv, 8, 15, cxllv. 12 ; Prov. xxx. 28 ; Is. xill. 22,
xxxix.7, and elsewhere.

They all tay, In all hla works there is a voice procla'miug, Glory I Compare Ps. xix. i.



PSALM XXXL 705



PSALM XXX.
A Psalm,— a song for the Dedication of the Mouse, — of David.

1 I will extol thee, Jehovah, for thou hast delivered me,
and hast not made my enemies rejoice over me.

2 Jehovah, my God,

I cried to thee for help, and tHou didst heal me,.

3 Jehovah, thou hast brought up my soul from the underworld ;
thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down to the pit.

4 Sing praise to Jehovah, ye his saints,
and give praise to his holy memorial.

6 For his anger is for a moment ; in his favor is life ;
weeping may endure for a night, but in the morning there is joy I

6 And as for me, in my prosperity I said,
I shall never be moved.

7 Jehovah, by thy favor thou madest my mountain stand strong ;
thou didst hide thy face, — I was troubled.

8 To thee, Jehovah, I call ;

and to Jehovah I make supplication.

9 What profit is there in my blood,
when I go down to the pit ?

Will dust praise thee ? Will it declare thy truth ?

10 Hear, Jehovah, and be gracious to me ;
Jehovah, be thou my helper 1

11 Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing,
thou hast loosed my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness ;

12 in order that [my] glory may sing praise to thee, and not be silent.
Jehovah, my God, I will give thanks to thee forever.

Ps XXX.' The occasion of the psalm is, moat probably, referred to in 1 Chron. xxii. 1-5, the site of the fotnre tern-
plehavinK then been dedicated as "the house of Jehovah God " (v. 1). The tone of sentiment ia explained by the account

given in the preceding chapter. ,. « .^v i. * i. * i- » <■ • * *v,

Yer. 3. Thau hast brought up : explained by the corresponding member, thou hast kept me alive ; referring to the

deliverance recorded in 2 Sam. oh. xxiv., and 1 Chron. oh. xxi. „ t, ■•• •■= ..^i.- ■ * j *u-

Ver. 4. Ms holy meTrwrial : his sacred memorial name, Jehovah. See Ex. in. 15. this is my name forever, and this

Is my memorial [memorial name] to all generations." Compare Hosea xii. 5, " Jehovah is hia memorial I his memonal

name, signifying what he is in his own nature, and bringing it to mind.

Ver. 12. My glory : my nobler, spiritual nature. Compare the remark on Ps. xvi. ».



PSALM XXXI.

To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David,

1 In thee, Jehovah, have I trusted,
let me never be ashamed ;

deliver me in thy righteousness.

2 Incline to me thine ear, rescue me speedily.
Be thou to me for a rock of defence,

for a house of refuge, to save me.

3 For my rock and my fortress art thou ;

and for thy name's sake thou wilt guide me and lead me.
Thou wilt bring me out from the net which they hid for me,
for thou art my defense.

5 Into thy hand I commit my spirit ;

thou hast redeemed me, Jehovah, God of truth !

6 I have hated them that regard lying vanities ;
but I, in Jehovah do I trust.



706 FIRST BOOK OF PSALMS.



7 I will exult and rejoice in thy kindness ;
for thou hast seen my affliction,

hast known the troubles of my soul ;

8 and hast not shut me up in the hand of an enemy,
hast set my feet in a large place.

9 Be gracious to me, Jehovah, for I am in trouble ;
wasted is my eye with grief, my soul, and my bowels.

10 For my life is spent with sorrow, and my y^ars with sighing ;

my strength faileth because of my iniquity, and my bones are wasted,

11 Because of all my adversaries I am become a reproach,

and to my neighbors exceedingly, and a dread to my acquaintance.
When they saw me in the street they fled from me.

12 I am forgotten as a dead man out of mind;
I am become like a broken vessel.

13 For I heard the slander of many ;

terror was on every side, while they consulted together against me ;
they plotted to take away my life.

14 But I, in thee did I trust, O Jehovah ;
I said, Thou art my God.

15 My times are in thy hand ;

rescue me from the hand of my enemies and from my persecutors.

16 Cause thy face to shine upon thy servant ;
in thy mercy save me.

17 Jehovah, let me not be ashamed, for I have called upon thee ;
let the wicked be ashamed, be put to silence in the underworld.

18 Let lying lips be struck dumb,

that speak rudely against the righteous,
in pride and scorn.

19 How great is thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee,
hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men !

20 Thou wilt hide them in the covert of thy presence from the snares of man ;
Thou wilt secrete them in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.

21 Blessed be Jehovah ;

for he hath shown me his marvelous kindness [as] in a strong city.

22 And yet I said, in my alarm,

I am cut off from before thine eyes.

Bat thou didst hear the voice of my supplications,

when I cried to thee for help.

23 Love Jehovah, all ye his saints.
Jehovah preserves the faithful,

and abundantly requites him that acts proudly.

24 Be of good courage, and let your heart be strong,
all ye that hope in Jehovah.

P8. xxxi. Of the same period, apparently, as Pbs. vii. and xl.

Ver. 6. Vanities. So idols are called in Deut. xxxii. 21, as being « no gods" (« nothing in the world " 1 Cor vlil i^
^ZZotvmttlm.^^'''^'""'' i^«ii««>^'^'i°^fromthe"GodSftruth^T.5) as bei^g felae Sender«%2iViii



PSALM XXXIL

Didactic l^Psalml of David,

1 Happy he, whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered,

2 Happy the man,

to whom Jehovah imputeth not iniquity,
and in whose spirit there is no guile.



PSALM XXXIir. 707



3 When I kept silence, my bones wasted away,
througli my groaning all the day long.

4 For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me ;

my moisture is turned into the droughts of summer. (Paitse.)
6 My sin I will make known to thee, and my iniquity I have not covered.
I said, I will confess my transgressions to Jehovah ;
and thou forgavest the iniquity of my sin. (Paitse.)

6 For this let every godly one pray to thee,
in a time when thou mayest be found.
Surely, in floods of great waters,

they will not come near him.

7 Thou art a hiding-place for me ; thou wilt preserve me from trouble ;
thou wilt surround me with songs of deliverance. (Pause.)

8 I will instruct thee, and will direct thee in the way that thou shouldst go;
I will give counsel, with mine eyes upon thee.

9 Be not as the horse, as the mule, without understanding ;
with bit and bridle his mouth is to be curbed,

lest he come near to thee.

10 Many sorrows are to the wicked ;

but he that trusteth in Jehovah, mercy will encompass him.

11 Rejoice in Jehovah, and exult ye righteous;
and shout for joy, all ye upright in heart.

Ver. 8. With mine eye upon thee: not only guiding, but watching over thee.

Yer. 9, The objection to the common rendering of the second and third members, that this language is more appropri-
ate to a -wiid beast than to the horse or mule, is not valid. The ■writer speaks of a heedless, unreasoning brute, whose mo-
tions, in order to be harmless to others, must be controlled by a superior intelligence.

Yer. 10. 2d member. Or, he will encompass him with mercy.



PSALM XXXIIL

1 Rejoice in Jehovah, ye righteous ;
Praise is becoming to the upright.

2 Give praise to Jehovah with the harp ; ^
with a ten-stringed lute sing praise to him.

3 Sing to him a new song ;

play skillfully, with joyfiil sound.

4 For the word of Jehovah is right ;
and all his work is in faithfulness.

6 He loveth righteousness and judgment ;
the earth is full of the kindness of Jehovah.

6 By the word of Jehovah were the heavens made,
and all their host by the breath of his mouth.

7 He gathered the sea as a heap ;

he laid up the depths in storehouses.

8 Let them be afraid of Jehovah, all the earth ;

let them stand in awe of him, all the inhabitants of the world;

9 Tor HE said it, and it was done ;
HE commanded, and it stood fast.

10 Jehovah brought the counsels of the nations to naught ;
he frustrated the devices of the peoples.

11 The counsel of Jehovah shall stand forever;
the devices of his heart to all generations.

12 Happy the nation, whose God is Jehovah,

the people he hath chosen as a heritage for him I

13 Jehovah looketh from heaven ;
He seeth all the sons of man ;



708 FIRST BOOK OP PSALMS.



14 from the place of his habitation he looketh,
on all the inhabitants of the earth ;

15 he that fashioned all their hearts,
that considereth all their works.

16 The king is not saved by the multitude of a host ;
a mighty man is not rescued by great strength.

17 The horse is a vain thing for safety,

and he will not deliver by his great strength.

18 Behold the eye of Jehovah is on them that fear him,
on them that hope in his mercy ;

19 to rescue their soul from death,
and to keep them alive in famiiie.

20 Our soul hath waited for Jehovah;
he is our help and our shield.

21 For in him shall our heart rejoice ;
for we have trusted in his holy name.

22 Let thy mercy, Jehovah, be upon us,
according as we have hope in thee.

Pa. xxxiii. The poaition of the psalm in the first book, and its general tone and manner, indicate the royal Psalmist as
the writer.

Vers. 6, 7, are examples of numerous allusions to the earlier teachings of the book of Genesis, assumed to be familiar
to the reader as the ground-work of all subsequent religious instruction. Such references should be carefully noted, aa
showing the relation of that book to subsequent revelations, and its place in the Divine Canon.

Ver. 9. It will be observed, that the emphasis is not on the act ("said," common version " spake "), but on its subject,
HE. The Psalmist calls on all men to fear Jehovah, and stand in awe of him; for HE it was who "said it, and it was
done 1 "

Ver. 17. 2%c horte. The war-horse la meant, as ia shown by the definite article. Compare Pb, xx. 7.



PSALM XXXIV.

[.4 Psalml of David, when he disguised his reason be/ore Abimeleck ; and he drove

him away, and he departed.

1 I will bless Jehovah at all times ;
his praise shall ever be in my mouth.

2 My soul shall make her boast in Jehovah ;
the humble will hear, and will be glad.

3 Magnify Jehovah with me,

and let us exalt his name together.

4 I sought Jehovah, and he answered me,
and from all my fears he delivered me.

5 They looked to him, and brightened ;
and their faces, let them not blush.

6 This sufferer called, and Jehovah heard,
and saved him out of all his troubles.

7 The angel of Jehovah encampeth around them that fear him,
and he delivereth them.

8 Taste and see that Jehovah is good ;
happy the man that trusteth in him I

9 Fear Jehovah, ye his saints ;

for there is no want to them that fear him.

10 Young lions lack, and suffer hunger ,

but they that seek Jehovah shall want no good.

11 Come, ye sons, hearken to me ;

I will teach you the fear of Jehovah.

12 Who is the man that desireth life,
that loveth days, that he may see good ?

13 Keep thy tongue from evil,

and thy lips from speaking guile.



J^HAIjM AAA v. Yuy



14 Depart from evil, and do good ;
seek peace and pursue it.

15 The eyes of Jehovah are toward the righteous,
and his eai-s to their cry for help.

16 The face of Jehovah is against them that do evil,
to cut off their memory from the earth.

17 They cried, and Jehovah heard,

and rescued them out of all their troubles.

18 Jehovah is near to the broken in heart ;
and the contrite in spirit he will save.

19 Many are the evils of the righteous ;

but Jehovah will deliver him out of them alL

20 He keepeth all his bones ;
not one of them is broken.

21 Evil will slay the wicked ;

and they that hate the righteous shall be held guilty-

22 Jehovah redeemeth the soul of his servants,
and none shall be held guilty that trust in him.

Ps. xxxlv. (title.) WTun he disguised. This denotes the occasion of the psalm, written in after-life, and witli TeTerenov
to that occurrence. See 1 Sam. xxi. 13. Abimelech was the regal title of the king, whose personal name was Achish.
Ihe aipiiabetio arrangement, intended to aid the memory^ accounts for the peculiar composition of the psalm.



PSALM XXXV.
[^ Fsalm'] of David.

1 Strive, O Jehovah, with them that strive with me ;
fight against them that fight against me.

2 Lay hold of shield and buckler,
and stand up for my help.

3 And draw out the spear and shut up against my pursuers ;
say to my soul, I am thy salvation.

4 Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek for ray soul ;
let them be turned back and put to confusion that devise my harm.

5 Let them be as chaff before the wind,

and the angel of Jehovah thrust them down.

6 Let their way be dark and slippery,
and the angel of Jehovah chase them.

7 For without cause they hid for me their pit-fall;
without cause they digged it for my souL

8 Let destruction come upon him unawares,
and his net which he hid, let it take him ;
with destruction let him fall therein.

9 And my soul shall exult in Jehovah,
shall rejoice in his salvation.

10 All my bones shall say,
Jehovah, who is like thee,

rescuing the sufferer from one stronger than he,
the sufferer and the needy from his spoiler ?

11 Cruel witnesses rise up against me ;
what I am not conscious of they ask of me.

12 They requite me evil for good ;
forsaken is my soul !

13 But as for me, in their sickness my clothing was saekclotii ;
I humbled my soul with fasting ;

and my prayer will return into my bosom..



710 FIRST BOOK OF PSALMS.

14 I behaved as if [it were] a friend, a brother to me ;

I bowed down gloomily, as one that mourns for a mother.

15 But at my halting they rejoiced, and were gathered together;
the abject were gathered against me, and I knew it not ;
they did tear, and ceased not.

16 Among hypocritical mockers for bread,
they gnashed upon me with their teeth.

17 Lord, how long wilt thou look on ?
Restore my soul from their destructions,
my life from the young lions.

18 I will give thee thanks in the great congregation ;
in the multitude of people I wUl praise thee.

19 Let not them that are wrongfully my enemies rejoice over me,
nor let them wink with the eye that hate me without cause.

20 For they speak not peace ;

and against the quiet ones of the land,
they devise words of deceit.

21 And they opened wide their mouth against me ;
they have said. Aha ! Aha I

our eye hath seen it.

22 Thou hast seen it, Jehovah ; be not silent.
Lord, be not far from me.

23 Arouse thee, and awake for my right,
for my cause, my God, and my Lord.

24 Judge me according to thy righteousness, Jehovah, my God,
and let them not rejoice over me.

25 Let them not say in their heart. Aha! Our desire !
Let them not say, We have swallowed him up.

26 Let them be ashamed and put to confusion together,
that rejoice in my harm.

Let them be clothed with shame and dishonor,
they that act proudly against me.

27 Let those shout for joy and be glad that favor my just cause ;
and let them ever say, Jehovah be magnified,

who delights in the welfare of his servant.

28 And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness,
of thy praise all the day long.

Ver. 11. WTiat I am not conscious of. Oflfensea of which I have no knowledge. They agJe of me. Interrogating with the
malicious purpose of entrapping me. Compare the similar case in Luke xi. 63, 54.

Ver. 15. Halting : from lameness, as one about to fall. Were gathered together : to triumph in his affliction.

Ver. 16. Mockers for bread. Huch as gain their bread, at the tables of the rich, by their talent for jesting and mimicry.

Vers. 17, 22, 23. Lord. It will be observed that the Heb. word is "'jnx (not 711)1') in Vers. 17, 22 (2d member), and
23, with the pointing by which the Supreme Being is denoted.

Ver, 27. His servant. The Psalmist epeaks ia this character. See the note on Pb. xviiL 60.



PSALM XXXVI.

To the chief Musieian. [A Psalm'\ of the servant of Jehovah, of David.

The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart,
there is no fear of God before his eyes.
For he flattereth himself in his own eyes, ,

till his iniquity be found out, to be hated.

The words of his mouth are falsehood and deceit ;
he hath ceased to do wisely, to do well.
He deviseth mischief upon his bed ;
he taketh his stand upon a way that is not good ;
he abhorreth not evil.



PSALM XXXVII. 7X1



5 Jehovah, thy mercy is in the heavens,
and thy faithfulness unto the clouds.

6 Thy righteousness is like the mountains of God ;
thy judgments are a great deep ;

man and beast thou dost save, O Jehovah.

7 How precious is thy loving-kindness, O God ;

and the sons of man may trust in the shadow of thy wings.

8 They shall be fully satisfied with the abundance of thy house ;
and thou wilt make them drink of the river of thy pleasures.

9 For with thee is the fountain of life ;
in thy light shall we see light.

10 Continue thy loving-kindness to them that know thee,
and thy righteousness to the upright in heart.

11 Let not the foot of pride come against me,

and let not the hand of the wicked drive me away.

12 There are the workers of iniquity fallen ;

they are thrust down, and will not be able to rise.

Ver. 1. Saith within my Tieart: in my heart's interpretation of it. His transgresBion means, In the believer's just ap-
prehension, that he has no fear of a God ; a practical atheism.

Some Hebraists, following a different reading of the Hebrew text (his heart), translate, " The sinner has an oracle of
wickedness within bis heart ; " meaning the inspiration, or promptings, of a wicked heart. But everywhere else, the
word rendered "wickedness" means transgression, or trespass, in act, not depravity or wickedness as an inward principle ;
and the strongest objection to the common rendering seems to be set aside by the above interpretation of it.

Ver. 2. Till his iniquity be found out. Compare Gen. xliv. 16, " God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants."

Ver. 6. Like themounUiins of God, Like his own mountains, vast and incomprehensible as these, the grandest of bia
works.



PSALM XXXVII.

[^ Fsalm'] of David,

1 Fret not thyself at evil-doers ;

be not envious at workers of iniquity.

2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass,
and wither as the green herb.



Online LibraryJohann Peter LangeA commentary on the Holy Scriptures: critical, doctrinal, and homiletical, with special reference to ministers and students → online text (page 153 of 164)