CAMBRIDGE ENGLISH CLASSICS
Life and Death of Mr Badman
The Holy War
Baptized at Elstow Church, November 3Oth 1628
Died in London, August 3ist 1688
He is buried in the Nonconformist Burial-place
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LIFE AND DEATH OF
M R BADMAN
THE HOLY WAR
THE TEXT EDITED BY
JOHN BROWN, D.D.
at the University Press
CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS WAREHOUSE,
C. F. CLAY, MANAGER.
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F. A. BROCKHAUS.
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY.
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c f HE Life and Death of Mr Eadman was published
^ by John Bunyan in 1680, two years after the First
Edition of the First Part of 'The Pilgrim s Progress.
In the opening sentence of his preface he tells us it
was intended by him as the counterpart or companion
picture to the Allegory. But whatever his own in-
tentions may have been, the Public of his own time
seem to have declined to accept the book in this
capacity. Indeed, another writer, who signs himself
T. S., undertook to complete Bunyan's Allegory for
him, in a book in size and type closely resembling it,
and entitled 'The Second Part of the Pilgrim s Progress
...exactly Described under the Similitude of a Dream.
It was printed for Jho. Malthus at the Sun in the
Poultry, and published in 1683. So far as is known,
only one copy of this book is now in existence, the
copy which was formerly in the library of the poet
Southey and now in that of the Baptist Union. Upon
this Bunyan seems to have changed his purpose, so
far as 'The Life and Death of Mr Eadman was con-
cerned, and on the first of January, 1685, published
the story of Christiana and her Children as his own
Second Part of The Pilgrim s Progress.
The work before us, therefore, now stands apart
by itself. In its composition Bunyan seems to have
been greatly influenced, so far as form is concerned,
by a book which his wife brought with her on her
marriage, and which, as he tells us in his Grace
Abounding, they read together. It was entitled The
Plaine Man's Pathway to Heaven: By Arthur Dent,
Preacher of the Word of God at South Shoobury in
Essex. The eleventh impression, the earliest now
known, is dated 1609. Both books are in dialogue
form, and in each case the dialogue is supposed to be
carried on through one long day. Bunyan's Mr
Wiseman^ like Dent's Theologus, holds forth instructive
discourse, while the Mr Attentive of the former, like
the Philagathus of the latter, listens and draws on his
teacher by friendly questionings. There is not in
Bunyan's conference, as there is in Dent's, an Asunetus,
who plays the part of an ignorant man to come out
enlightened and convinced at last, or an Antilegon, who
carps and cavils all the way; and there is not in
Dent's book what there is in Bunyan's, a biographical
narrative connecting the various parts of the dialogue ;
but the groundwork of each is the same a searching
manifestation and exposure of the nature and evils of
various forms of immorality.
Bunyan's book came out in 1680, and was published
by Nathaniel Ponder, who was also the publisher of
'The Pilgrim's Progress. A third edition appeared in
1696, but as no copy of the second edition is known
to exist, no date can be assigned to it. In 1684
Johannes Boekholt, a publisher in Amsterdam, obtained
leave of the State to issue a Dutch translation, with
the title Het Leven en Sterben van Mr Quaat. This
edition was illustrated by five copper-plate engravings,
executed by Jan Luiken, the eminent Dutch engraver,
who also illustrated The Pilgrim s Progress the following
year. In 1782 a Welsh version, translated byT. Lewys,
was published at Liverpool with the title : Bywyd a
Marwolaethyr annuwiol dan enw Mr Drygddyn. A Gaelic
version also was published at Inverness in 1824, entitled
Beath agus Bas Mhr Droch-duine.
The present edition has been reprinted from a copy
of the first issue, lent by the Trustees of the Bunyan
Church at Bedford, and the proofs read with a second
copy of the same issue, in the library of the British
Museum. For convenience of reading, as in other
issues of this series of CAMBRIDGE ENGLISH CLASSICS,
the old type forms of j, s, , etc. have been made
uniform with those in general modern use ; but neither
the spelling (including the use of capitals and italics)
nor the punctuation has been altered, save as specified.
Effect has been given to the errata noted by Bunyan
himself, and printed on page 15 of this issue.
The text of this edition of Bunyan's Holy War is
a careful reproduction of the First Edition of 1682.
It is not certain that there was any further authentic
reprint in Bunyan's life-time. For though both in the
Bodleian and the British Museum there is a copy
purporting to be a second edition, and bearing date
1684, it is difficult to resist the impression that they
are pirated copies, similar to those of which Nathaniel
Ponder complained so bitterly in the case of 'The
Pilgrim s Progress. For both paper and typography are
greatly inferior to those of the first edition; some of
Bunyan's most characteristic marginalia are carelessly
omitted ; Bunyan's own title 'The Holy War made
by Shaddai upon Diabolus for the regaining of the
Metropolis of the World ' is altered to the feebler
and more commonplace form 'The Holy War made
by Christ upon the Devil for the Regaining of Man';
and, further, when a new edition was issued in 1696,
the alterations and omissions of 1684 were ignored, and
a simple reprint made of the first edition of 1682.
9 October, 1905.
LIFE and DEATH
Mr. BAD MAN,
To the WORLD in a
Between \ And
By JOHN BUNTAN,
the Author of the Pilgrims Progress.
Printed by J. A, for Nath. Ponder at
the Peacock in the Poultrey y neer
the Church. 1680.
A I was considering with my self, what I had written con-
cerning the Progress of the Pilgrim from this World to
Glory ; and how it had been acceptable to many in this Nation :
It came again into my mind to write, as then, of him that was
going to Heaven, so now, of the Life and Death of the Ungodly,
and of their travel from this world to Hell. The which in this
I have done, and have put it, as thou seest, under the Name and
Title of Mr. Badman, a Name very proper for such a Subjeft :
I have also put it into the form of a Dialogue, that I might
with more ease to my self, and pleasure to the Reader, perform
And although, as I said, I have put it forth in this method,
yet have I as little as may be, gone out of the road of mine own
observation of things. Tea, I think I may truly say, that to the
best of my remembrance, all the things that here I discourse of,
I mean as to matter of faff, have been afted upon the stage of this
World, even many times before mine eyes.
Here therefore, courteous Reader, I present thee with the Life
and Death of Mr. Badman indeed : Tea, I do trace him in his
Life, from his Childhood to his Death ; that thou mayest, as in
a Glass, behold with thine own eyes, the steps that take hold of
A 2 2
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER
Hell; and also discern, while thou art reading of Mr. Badmans
Death, whether thou thy self art treading in his path thereto.
And let me entreat thee to forbear Quirking and Mocking, for
that I say Mr. Badman is dead; but rather gravely enquire
concerning thy self by the Word, whether thou art one of his Linage
or no: For Mr. Badman has left many of his Relations behind him ;
yea, the very World is overspread with his Kindred. True, some
of his Relations, as he, are gone to their place, and long home, but
thousands of thousands are left behind; as Brothers, Sisters, Cousens,
Nephews, besides innumerable of his Friends and Associates.
I may say, and yet speak nothing but too much truth in so saying,
that there is scarce a Fellowship, a Community, or Fraternity of
men in the World, but some of Mr. Badmans Relations are there :
yea rarely can we find a Family or Houshold in a Town, where
he has not left behind him either Brother, Nephew or Friend.
The Butt therefore, that at this time I shoot at, is wide; and
'twill be as impossible for this Book to go into several Families,
and not to arrest some, as for the Kings Messenger to rush into an
house full of Traitors, and find none but honest men there.
I cannot but think that this shot will light upon many, since
our fields are so full of this Game ; but how many it will kill
to Mr. Badmans course, and make alive to the Pilgrims Progress,
that is not in me to determine; this secret is with the Lord our
God only, and he alone knows to whom he will bless it to so good
and so blessed an end. However, I have put fire to the Pan, and
doubt not but the report will quickly be heard.
I told you before, that Mr. Badman had left many of his
Friends and Relations behind him, but if I survive them (as that's
a great question to me) I may also write of their lives : However,
whether my life be longer or shorter, this is my Prayer at present,
that God will stir up Witnesses against them, that may either con-
vert or confound them ; for wherever they live, and roll in their
wickedness, they are the Pest and Plague of that Countrey.
England shakes and totters already, by reason of the burden
that Mr. Badman and his Friends have wickedly laid upon it:
Tea, our Earth reels and staggereth to and fro like a Drunkard,
the transgression thereof is heavy upon it.
Courteous Reader, I will treat thee now, even at the Door
and Threshold of this house, but only with this Intelligence, that
Mr. Badman lies dead within. Be pleased therefore (if thy
leisure will serve thee) to enter in, and behold the state in which
he is laid, betwixt his Death-bed and the Grave. He is not
buried as yet, nor doth he stink, as is designed he shall, before he
lies down in oblivion.
Now as others have had their Funerals solemnized, according
to their Greatness and Grandure in the world, so likewise Mr.
Badman, (forasmuch as he deserveth not to go down to his grave
with silence) has his Funeral state according to his deserts.
Four things are usual at great mens Funerals, which we will
take leave, and I hope without offence, to allude to, in the Funeral
of Mr. Badman.
First, They are sometimes, when dead, presented to their
Friends, by their compleatly wrought Images, as lively as by cunning
mens hands they can be; that the remembrance of them may be
renewed to their survivors, the remembrance of them and their
deeds : And this I have endeavoured to answer in my discourse
of Mr. Badman ; and therefore I have drawn him forth in his
featours and actions from his Childhood to his Gray hairs. Here
therefore thou hast him lively set forth as in Cutts; both as to
the minority, flower, and seniority of his Age, together with those
attions of his life, that he was most capable of doing, in, and under
those present circumstances of time, place, strength ; and the oppor-
tunities that did attend him in these.
Secondly, There is also usual at great mens Funerals, those
Badges and Scutcheons of their honour, that they have received
from their Ancestors, or have been thought worthy of for the deeds
and exploits they have done in their life : And here Mr. Badman
has his, but such as vary from all men of worth, but so much the
more agreeing with the merit of his doings : They all have descended
in state, he only as an abominable branch. His deserts are the
deserts of sin, and therefore the Scutcheons of honour that he has,
are only that he died without Honour, and at his end became a fool.
Thou shalt not be joyned with them in burial. The seed
of evil doers shall never be renowned.
The Funeral pomp therefore of Mr. Badman, is to wear upon
his Hearse the Badges of a dishonourable and wicked life; since
his bones are full of the sins of his Youth, which shall lye down,
as Job sayes, in the dust with him: nor is it Jit that any should
be his Attendants, now at his death, but such as with him conspired
against their own souls in their life; persons whose transgressions
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER
have made them infamous to all that have or shall know what
they have done.
Some notice therefore I have also here in this little discourse
given the Reader, of them who were his Confederates in his life,
and Attendants at his death; with a hint, either of some high
Villany committed by them, as also of those Judgments that have
overtaken and fallen upon them from the just and revenging hand
of God. All which are things either fully known by me, as being
eye and ear-witness thereto, or that I have received from such
hands, whose relation as to this, I am bound to believe. And
that the Reader may know them from other things and passages
herein contained, I have pointed at them in the Margent, as with
a finger thus : (3^
Thirdly, The Funerals of persons of Quality have been solem-
nized with some suitable Sermon at the time and place of their
Burial; but that I am not come to as yet, having got no further
than to Mr. Badmans death: but for as much as he must be
buried, after he hath stunk out his time before his beholders,
I doubt not but some such that we read are appointed to be at
the burial of Gog, will do this work in my stead; such as shall
leave him neither skin nor bone above ground, but shall set a sign
by it till the buriers have buried it in the galley of Hamon-gog,
Fourthly, At Funerals there does use to be Mourning and
lamentation, but here also Mr. Badman differs from others ; his
Familiars cannot lament his departure, for they have not sence of
his damnable state; they rather ring him, and sing him to Hell
in the sleep of death, in which he goes thither. Good men count
him no loss to the world, his place can well be without him, his
loss is only his own, and 'tis too late for him to recover that
dammage or loss by a Sea of bloody tears, could he shed them.
Yea, God has said, he will laugh at his destruction, who then
shall lament for him, saying, Ah ! my brother. He was but
a stinking Weed in his life; nor was he better at all in bis death:
such may well be thrown over the wall without sorrow, when once
God has plucked them up by the roots in his wrath.
Reader, If thou art of the race, linage, stock or fraternity of
Mr. Badman, / tell thee before thou readest this Book, thou wilt
neither brook the Author nor it, because he hath writ of Mr.
Badman as he has. For he that condemneth the wicked that die
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER
so, passetb also the sentence upon the wicked that live. I therefore
expett neither credit of, nor countenance from thee, for this Narra-
tion of thy kinsmans life.
For thy old love to thy Friend, his wayes, doings, &c. will
stir up in thee enmity rather, in thy very heart, against me. I shall
therefore incline to think of thee, that thou wilt rent, burn, or
throw it away in contempt : yea and wish also, that for writing
so notorious a truth, some mischief may befall me. I look also to
be loaded by thee with disdain, scorn and contempt-, yea that thou
shouldest railingly and vilifyingly say, I lye, and am a bespatterer
of honest mens lives and deaths. For Mr. Badman, when himself
was alive, could not abide to be counted a Knave (though his
a ft ions told all that went by, that indeed he was such an one:)
How then should his brethren, that survive him, and that treaa
in his very steps, approve of the sentence that by this Book is
pronounced against him? Will they not rather imitate Corah,
Dathan, and AbiramV friends, even rail at me for condemning
him, as they did at Moses for doing execution ?
I know "'tis ill pudling in the Cockatrices den, and that they
run hazards that hunt the Wild-Boar. The man also that
writeth Mr. Badmans life, had need to be fenced with a Coat
of Mail, and with the Staffe of a Spear, for that his surviving
friends will know what he doth: but I have adventured to do it,
and to play, at this time, at the hole of these Asps ; if they bite,
they bite; if they sting, they sting. Christ sends his Lambs in
the midst of Wolves, not to do like them, but to suffer by them for
bearing plain testimony against their bad deeds: But had one not
need to walk with a Guard, and to have a Sentinel stand at ones
door for this ? Verily, the flesh would be glad of such help ; yea,
a spiritual man, could he tell how to get it. A6ls 23. But I am
stript naked of these, and yet am commanded to be faithful in my
servi\_c\e for Christ. Well then, I have spoken what I have spoken,
and now come on me what will, Job 13. 13. True, the Text
sayes, Rebuke a scorner, and he will hate thee ; and that, He
that reproveth a wicked man, getteth himself a Blot and
Shame; but what then? Open rebuke is better than secret
love ; and he that receives it, shall find it so afterwards.
So then, whether Mr. Badmans friends shall rage or laugh
at what I have writ, I know that the better end of the staffe
is mine. My endeavour is to stop an hellish Course of Life,
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER
and to save a soul from death , (Jam. 5.) and if for so doing,
I meet with envy from them, from whom in reason I should have
thanks, I must remember the man in the dream, that cut his way
through his armed enemies, and so got into the beauteous Palace;
I must, I say, remember him, and do my self likewise.
Yet four things I will propound to the consideration of Mr.
Badmans friends, before I turn my back upon them.
1 . Suppose that there be an Hell in very deed, not that I do
question it, any more than I do whether there be a Sun to shine;
but I suppose it for argument sake, with Mr. Badmans friends ;
/ say, suppose there be an Hell, and that too, such an one as the
Scripture speaks of, one at the remotest distance from God and Life
eternall, one where the Worm of a guilty Conscience never dyes,
and where the fire of the Wrath of God is not quenched.
Suppose, I say, that there is such an Hell, prepared of God
(as there is indeed) for the body and soul of the ungodly World
after this life, to be tormented in: I say, do but with thy self
suppose it, and then tell me, Is it not prepared for thee, thou being
a wicked man ? Let thy conscience speak, I say, is it not prepared
for thee, thou being an ungodly man? And dost thou think, wast
thou there now, that thou art able to wrestle with the ^Judgment
of God? Why then do the fallen Angels tremble there? thy hands
cannot be strong, nor can thy heart endure, in that day when
God shall deal with thee: Ezek. 22. 14.
2. Suppose that some one that is now a soul in Hell for sin,
was permitted to come hither again to dwell; and that they had
a grant also, that upon amendment of life, next time they dye, to
change that place for Heaven and Glory; what sayest thou,
wicked man ? would such an one (thinkest thou) run again into
the same course of life as before, and venture the damnation that
for sin he had already been in ? Would he choose again to lead
that cursed life that afresh would kindle the flames of Hell upon
him, and that would bind him up under the heavy wrath of
God ? ! he would not, he would not ; the sixteenth of Luke
insinuates it: yea Reason it self, awake, would abhorr it, and
tremble at such a thought.
3. . Suppose again, that thou that livest and rollest in thy sin, and
that as yet hast known nothing but the pleasure thereof, shouldst
be by an Angel conveyed to some place where with convenience,
from thence thou mightest have a view of Heaven and Hell; of
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER
the Joyes of the one, and the torments of the other; I say, suppose
that from thence thou mlghtest have such a view thereof, as would
convince thy reason, that both Heaven and Hell, are such realities
as by the Word they are declared to be; wouldest thou (thinkest
thou) when brought to thy home again, chuse to thy self thy former
life, to wit, to return to thy folly again ? No ; if belief of what
thou sawest, remained with thee, thou wouldest eat Fire and
4. / will propound again. Suppose that there was amongst
us such a Law, (and such a Magistrate to inflift the penalty^)
That for every open wickedness committed by thee, so much of thy
flesh should with burning Pincers be plucked from thy Bones:
Wouldest thou then go on in thy open way of Lying, Swearing,
Drinking and Whoring, as thou with delight doest now ? Surely,
surely, No: The fear of the punishment would make thee forbear;
yea, would make thee tremble, even then when thy lusts were
powerfull, to think what a punishment thou wast sure to sustain, so
soon as the pleasure was over. But Oh] the folly, the madness, the
desperate madness that is in the hearts of Mr. Badmans friends,
who In despite of the threatnlngs of an holy and sin revenging
God, and of the outcries and warnings of all good men ; yea, that
will in despite of the groans and torments of those that are now
In Hell for sin, (Luk. 16. 24. 28.) go on in a sinfull course of life;
yea, though every sin is also a step of descent, down to that infernal
Cave. how true is that saying of Solomon, The heart of
the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart
while they live, and after that they go to the dead, Eccles.
9. 3. To the dead/ that is, to the dead in Hell, to the damned
dead; the place to which those that have dyed Bad men are
gone, and that those that live Bad men are like to go to, when
a little more sin, like stollen waters, hath been imbibed by their
That which has made me publish this Book is,
I. For that wickedness like a food is like to drown our English
world: It begins already to be above the tops of mountains; it has
almost swallowed up all; our Youth, our Middle age, Old age,
and all, are almost carried away of this flood. O Debauchery,
Debauchery, what hast thou done in England/ Thou hast cor-
rupted our Young men, and hast made our Old men beasts; thou
hast deflowered our Virgins, and hast made Matrons Bawds.
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER
Thou hast made our earth to reel to and fro like a drunkard;
'//'$ in danger to be removed like a Cottage, yea, it is, because
transgression is so heavy upon it, like to fall and rise no more.
Isa. 24. 2O.
O! that I could mourn for England, and for the sins that
are committed therein, even while 1 see that without repentance,
the men of Gods wrath are about to deal with us, each having
his slaughtering weapon in his hand: (Ezek. 9. I, 2.) Well,
I have written, and by Gods assistance shall pray, that this
flood may abate in England : and could I but see the tops of
the Mountains above it, I should think that these waters were
2. // is the duty of those that can, to cry out against this
deadly plague, yea, to lift up their voice as with a Trumpet
against it ; that men may be awakened about it, flye from it, as
from that which is the greatest of evils. Sin puWd Angels out
of Heaven, pulls men down to Hell, and overthroweth Kingdoms.
Who, that sees an house on fire, will not give the Allarum to them
that dwell therein ? who that sees the Land invaded, will not
set the Beacons on a flame? Who, that sees the Devils, as roaring
Lyons, continually devouring souls, will not make an Out-cry ?
But above all, when we see sin, sinful sin, a swallowing up
a Nation, sinking of a Nation, and bringing its Inhabitants to
temporal, spiritual, and eternal ruine, shall we not cry out, and
cry, They are drunk, but not with Wine ; they stagger, but not
with strong drink ; they are intoxicated with the deadly poyson of
sin, which will, if its malignity be not by whohorn means allayed,
bring Soul and Body, and Estate and Countrey, and all, to ruin
3. In and by this my Out-cry, I shall deliver my self from
the ruins of them that perish: for a man can do no more in this
matter, I mean a man in my capacity, than to detect and condemn
the wickedness, warn the evil doer of the Judgment, and fly there-
from my self. But Oh! that I might not only deliver my self!
Oh that many would hear, and turn at this my cry, from sin ! that
they may be secured from the death and Judgment that attend it.
Why I have handled the matter in this method, is best known
to my self: and why I have concealed most of the Names of the
persons whose sins or punishments I here and there in this Book
make relation of, is,
THE AUTHOR TO THE READER