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John] 1793-1863 [Russell.

The history of the war, betwee the United States and Great-Britain, which commenced in June, 1812, and closed in Feb. 1815 .. online

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eral wounded, bv a few citizens. The enemy's force
consisted of the Royal George, Earl Moira, Prince
\ Regent, Simcoe Sclu*. aiul several small boats and
tenders.

I Attack on Craney Island. (Vir)—Ox\ the 20tli
June, the British attempted a landing ou this Island;
• 32



250 HISTORY OF THE WAR.

for the purpose of more easily conquering Norfolk.
Thirteen ships of the line anchored off Jumes river,
from which about 3500 troops were embarked lor
Craney Island. — Com. Cassin, of the gun boats and
Capt. Morris of the Constellation frigate manned two
batteries with 250 men on the point of the Island to
receive them ; the remainder of the force, 200 were
stationed on the beach. At 8 o'clock the barges at-
tempted to land, but were driven back, wilh the loss of
250 killed and wounded, and 45 prisoners, and their
largest barge, which was sunk, wilh 75 men on board ;
the boat and 20 men were finally saved by the Amer-
icans — our loss was 28 killed and wounded.

Capture of Hampton. — The 25th of June, the force
that attempted Craney Island, landed at Hampton,
and carried it after a gallant defence made by our
militia, 436 strong, for forty-five minutes. The enemy
attacked us by land and water ; their land force was
about 2500 strong, of whom 400 were riflemen. Af-
ter our men were completely surrounded, they saw
that they must either surrender, or, break their way
through the enemy's lines. They resolved upon the
latter, when the gallant Maj. Crutchjield, led tht m on,
and broke the lines, and made good their retreat, af-
ter killing and wounding 200 of their adversaries.
Our loss on this occasion was seven killed, twelve
wounded, and twelve prisoners.

A scene now commenced sufficient to chill the blood
of the Savages, and even put them to the blush.

'To give you, sir, (says Maj. Crutchfield in his offi-
cial account to Gov. Barbour,^ an idea of the savage-
likedispositionof theenemy,on their getting possession
of the neighborhood, would be a yam attempt. Al-
though Sir Sidney Beckwith assured me that no un-
easiness need be felt, in relation to the unfortunate
Americans, the fact is that on yesterday, [two days af-
ter the battle,] there were several dead bodies lying
unburied, and the wounded not even assisted into the
town, although observed to be crawling through the
fields towards a cold and inhospitable protection.



I



HISTORY OP THE WAR. 26i

• The unfortunate females of Hampton, who could
hot leave the town, were suffered to be abused in the
most shameful manner, not only by the venal savage
foe, but by the unfortunate and infatuated blacks who
were encouraged in their excesses. Tiiey pillaged
and encouraged every act of rapine and murder, kil-
ling a poor man, by the name ot" Kirbt/ who had been
lying on his bed at the point of death, for more than six
weeks, shooting his wife at the same time in the
hip, and killing his faithful dog lying under his feet.
The murdered Kirby was lying last night, welter-
ing in his blood.'

Extract from a letter of Capl. Coopcrt to Lieut,
Gov.Mallonj, — 'The enemy took possession of Hamp-
ton, with upwards of 2000 men against those above
mentioned, with the immense loss of upwards of 200
killed and wounded, on their part. We had about 5
killed, 10 wounded, and 4 prisoners, — the ballancc
have been accounted for.

* I was yesterday in Hampton with my troop, that
place having been evacuated in the morning. — My
blood ran cold at what I saw and heard. — Tears were
shedding in every corner, — the infamous scoundrels,
monsters, destroyed every thing, but the houses, and
(my pen is almost unwilling to describe it,) the wo-
men were ravished by those abandoned rtiffians. — Great
God ! my dear friend, figure to yourself our Hamp-
ton females, siezed, and treated with violence by
those monsters, and not a solitary American present
to avenge their wrongs ! ! But enough — I can say
no more of this.'

Certificate. The enemy robbed the Pulpit and
Communion Table, in the Episcopal Church, of all
•the trappings, &c. together with all the plate, al-
though inscribed with the name of the Donor, and of
^the parish to which they belonged. They committed
uRape in many instances and murdered a sick man in
his bed, and shot a ball through his wife's thigh ; they
wantonly destroyed evei-y species of property that



252 HISTORY OP THE WAR.

they had no use lor, and, in fact, even stripped the
shut oft" the back of Gecif/e licpe^ sen'r. ahout 70
years of iige, and took the shoes worn his feel, after
pricki* g hini with the bavonet.

JOHN WEST WOOD, Hampton.

Murder of John B. Graves. — Mr. Graves was a
member of the 2lid regt. Iniaiitry, and was wounded
through the arm at the attack on Sacketl's Harbor in
May, and was lemovedto Oswe*^o. When Osweg^o
■was attacked, Graves liad so far recovered as to be
able to load a. d fire — and stood his ground like a
hero. tTutortunattly he was agam wounded, and
carried to a log house with two others. Onr men
shortly after retreated, and an English officer,
a Lieuleuaiit, came to the d» or of the house, and pre-
sented a fuzeeat him ; upon which Graves exclaimed
* O niercy^ for heaven s sake y shnvme mercy; avnt
shoot me ayain, J am bodiy irouuded/ The ofhcer
cocked his piece, which was vMlInn its own length of
Graves, weltering m his blood, aid with an infernal
grin, said *i'li. shew yoi; mucy. goddamn
you,' and immedalely discharged its (oittnts, a ball
and three buckshot into his breast. This inhuman
villain soon met his rew ard, for s( arrely had I e turn-
ed his eyes from the object of Ins barbarity, \>liei he
was shot through the brain, and led tiead aiiitosl with-
in reach of Graves.

SJiirmishivg at fort Georyc, U- Canada.

On the 14ih of Aug. lSl-3, Gen. Prot lor attacked
our ] ickets at day break ;■ — afti r a sLorl tr.^agtment
in which the enemy had 15 killed, and one Capt. and
several privates made prisontrs, onr iorce retired to
the fort with the loss of 2 killed and seviial wounded,

Ontht night of the 17th, onr troops and a few In-
dians formed an ambuscade, about ^00 strong, inn-
mediately in front of the Br tish camj — at ua\ light
our Indians rose and ga^e Ihe war-hiroji, and the en-
emy considering it a friejidly call, cauie forth, and



i



HISTORY OP THE WAR. 253

were within halt' rifle shot before they discovered the
stratagem. Tiiey were met u.ion all Sides, and made
but little resistaiice ; 7o beino^ killed the tirst shot,
and the remainder, 16, surrendered as prisoners.

Col. U'w*. Russelly of Yinrennes, with 573 men
cluefly volunteers, from Kentucky and Ohio, march-
eil from Villo .la on the ioth Jinie, for the purpose of
relievinix tiie frontier inhabitanls of the savages. In
marching througii their country four weeks they suc-
ceeded in destroying sixteen of their villages, and a
considerable quantity of corn, ^c. and returned with-
out the loss of a single man, bringing in several pris-
oners, and 10 horses which the I idians had pillaged
a few days before oi the inhabitants.

A Yankee trick. — On the 5th of July, 1813, Com.
Lewis, commandant of the flotilla of Clun Boats at
New- York, sent out the fishing smack Yankee from
Musquito cove, for the purpose of taking by strata-
gem, the sloop E igle, a tender to the Poictiers ot 74
guns, which had been very troublesome to the fisher-
men oft' Sandy Hook where they were cruising. A
calf, a sheep, and a goose were purchased and secured
on deck; and between 30 and 40 men, well armed
with muskets, were secreted in the cabin and foie-
peak of the smack. Thus prepared, with 3 men
dressed in fishermen's clothes on deck, she put out to
sea as if going on a fishing trip. The Eagle on per-
ceiving the smack gave chase, and after coming up
with her, seeing she had live stock on deck, ordered
her to go down to the Commodore, about five miles
distant. The helmsman cried * ave aye sir,' and ap-
parently put up the heim for that purpose, which
brought her alongside the Eagle, not more than three
yards distant. The watch-word, Lawrnece^ was then
given, when the armed men rushed from their hiding
places and poured into her a volley of musketry,
which struck her crew with dismay, and drove them
all into the hold with such precipitancy, that they had



/



254 HISTORY OP THE WAR.

not lime to strike their colors. The Eagle had oii
board a 32 pound brass howitzer, loaded with shot ;
but their surprise was so sudden that they had not
time to fire it. The crew consisted of a master, one*
midshipman, and 11 marines from the Poictiers.
The prize arrived at Whitehall, amidst the shouts of
thousands who were celebrating the 4th of July.

CAPTURE OF THE BOXER.

Lieut. M' Calif to the Secretary of the Navy.
U. S.Briy Enterprize, Portland, 1th Sept. 1813.

SIR — In consequence of the unfortunate death of
Lieut, commandant William Burrows, late command-
er of this vessel, it devolves on me to acquaint you with
the result of the cruize. After sailing from Ports-
mouth on the 1st inst, we steered to the eastward ;
and on the morning of the 3d, off Wood Island, dis-
covered a schooner, which we chased into this harbor,
where we anchored. On the morning of the 4lh,
weighed anchor and swept out, and continued our
course to the eastward. Having received informa-
tion of several privateers being off Manhagan, we
stood for that place ; and on the following morning,
in the bay near Penguin Point, discovered a brig get-
ting under way, which appeared to be a vessel of war,
and to which we irtmiediately gave chase. She fired
several guns and stood for us, having four ensigns
hoisted. After reconnoitering and discovering her
force, and the nation to which she belonged, we haul-
ed upon a wind to stand out of the bay, and at 3
o'clock shortened sail, tacked to run down with an in-
tention to bring her to close action. At twenty min-
utes after 3 P. M. when within half pistol shot, the
firing commenced from both, and after being warmly
kept up, and with some manoeuvring, the enemy hail-
ed and said they had surrendered, about 4 P. M.-**
their colors being nailed to the masts, could not he
hauled down. She proved to be his B. M. brig Box-
er, of 14 guns, Samuel Blylhe, esq. commander,
who fell in the early pait of the engagement, having



r



HISTORY OP THE WAR. 2o5

received a cannon shot through the body- And I am
sorry to add that Lieut. Barrows, who had gallantly
led us into action, fell also about the same time by a
musket ball, which terminated his existance in eight
hours.

The Enterprize suffered much in spars and rigging,
and the Boxer in spars, rigging and hull, having
many shots between wind and water.

As no muster roll that can be fully relied on has
come into my possession, I cannot exactly state the
number killed and wounded on board the Boxer, but
from information received from the officers of that
vessel, it appears there were between twenty and
twenty-five killed, and fourteen wounded. Enclosed
in a list of the killed, and wounded on board the En-
terprze. I have the honor to be, &c.

EDWARD R. M'CALL, Senior Officer.

AMERICAN LOSS.

Killed 4,— 'Wounded, 10,— total 14.

BRITISH LOSS.

Killed 25,— Wounded, 14,— total 39.



CHAPTER IX.

PERRY'S VICTORY.

Com. Perry to the Secretary of the Navy.
U.S. brig Niagara, Lake Ene,"Sept. 10, 1813.
SIR — It has pleased the Almighty to give to the
arms of the U. States a signal victory over their ene-
mies on this lake. The British squadron consisting
of 2 ships, 2 brigs, 1 schooner, and one sloop, have
this moment surrendered to the force under my com«
raand, after a sharp conflict. I have the honor to
be, &c. O. H. PERRY.



256 HISTORY OF THE WAR.

Com. Perry to the Secretary of the Navy. ' •
V\ S.sch. Ariel, Put-in-bay, Sept. 13, 1813.
SIR — In my last 1 informed you that we had cap-
tured the e;iemy*s fleet on this lake. I have now the
honor to g-ive yon the most important particulars of
the action. On the morning' of the 10th inst. at sun-
rise, they were discovered from Pat-in-Bay, where I
lay at anchor with the squadron under my command.
We got under weigh, the wind light at S. W. and
stood tbr them. At 10 A. M. the wind hauled to S.
£. and brought us to windward ; formed the line and
bore up. At 15 minutes before twelve, the enemy
commenced firing ; at 5 minutes before twelve the
action commenced on our part. Finding their tire
very destructive, owing to their long guns, and its be-
ing mostly directed at the Liwrence, I made sail, and
directed the other vessels to follow for the purpose of
closing with the enemy. Every brace and bowline
beujg soon shot away, she became unmanageable,
notwithstanding the great exertions of the sadmg-
master. Ii this situation she sustained the action up-
wards of two hours within canister distance, until eve-
ry gun was rendered useless, and the greater part of
her crew either killed or wounded. Finding she
could no longer amioy the enemy, I left her in charge
of Lieut. Yarnall, who, I was convinced from the
bravery already displayed by him, would do what
"wonld comport with the honor of the flag. At half
past two, the wind springing up, Capt. Elliott, was
enabled to bring his vessel, tlie Niagara, gallantly m-
to close action ; I mimediately went on board of her,
when he anticipated my wish by volunteering to bring
the schooners which had been kepi astern by the light-
ness of the wind, into close action. It was with un-
speakable pain that 1 saw soon after I get on board
the Niagara, the flag of the Lawrence comedown,
although I was perfectly sensible that she had been
defended to the last, and that to have continued to
make a show of resistance would have been a wanton
sacrifice of the remains of her brave crew. But the



HISTORY OP THE WAR. 257

chemy wais not able to take possession of her, and
circumstances soon permitted her flag again to be hoist-
ed. At 45 minutes past 2 the signal was made for
* close action.' The Niagara, being very little injur-
ed, I determined to pass through the enemy's lines,
bore up and passed ahead of their two ships and a
brig, giving a raking fire to them from the starboard
guns, and to a large schooner, and sloop, from the
larboard side, at half pistol-shot distance. The smal-
ler vessels at this time having got within grai^e and
canister distance, under the direction of Capt. Elliott,
and keeping up a well directed fire, the 2 ships, a brig,
and a schooner, surrendered, a schooner and sloop,
nlaking a vain attempt to escape.

Those officers and men who were immediately un-
der my observation evinced the greatest galla>itry, and
I have no doubt that all others conducted themselves
as hecame American officers and seamen. Lieut.
Yarnall, first of the Lawrence, although several times
wounded, refused to quit the deck.

I have the honor to enclose you a return of the kil-
led and wounded, together with a statement of the
relative force of the squadrons. The Capt. and first
Li'ut. of the Q,ueen Charlotte, and first Lieut, of the
Detroit were killed — Capt. Barclay, senior officer,
and (he commander of the Lady Prevost, severely
wounded. Tne commanderof the Hunter and Chip-
peway slightly wounded. Their loss in killed and
wounded I have not been able to ascertain, it must
however have been very great.
Very respectfully. &c.

O. H. PERRY.

U. S. Schooner Ariel, Put-in-bay, Sept. 13, 1813.
SIR — r have caused the prisoners taken on the 10th
inst. to be landed at Sandusky, and have requested
Gen. Harrison to have them marched to Chilicothe,
and there wait until your pleasure shall be known re-
specting them,

33



•^58 HISTORY OF THE WAll.

The Lawrence has been so entirely cut up, it is
absolutely necessary she should go into a safe harbor;
I have therefore directed Lieut. Yarnall to proceed
to Erie in her, with the wounded of the fleet, and dis-
mantle and get her over the bar as soon as possible.

The two ships in a heavy sea this day at anchor
lost their masts, being- much injured in the action.
I shall haul them into the inner bay at this place and
moor them for the present. The Detroit is a re-
n'jarkably fine ship, sails well, and is very strongly
built. The Q;Ueen Charlotte is a much superior ves->.
sel to what has been represented.. The Lady Prevosfc
is a large fine schooner.

I also beg your instructions respecting the wound^;
eA. I am satisfied, sir, that whatever steps I might
take governed by humanity, would meet your appro-
bation. Under this impression, I have taken upon
myself to promise Capt. Barclay, who is very danger-
ously wounded, that he shall be landed as near lake
Ontario as possible, and I had no doubt you would
allow me to parole him. He is under the impression
that nothing but leaving this part of the country will
save his life. There is also a number of Canadians
among the prisoners, many who have families.
I have the honor to be, &c.

O. H. PERRY.

Statement of the force of the American sqtiadron
Lawrence 20 guns— Niagara 20 — Caledonia 3 —
Ariel 4 — Scorpion 2 — Somers 4 — Trippe 1 —
Tigress 1 — Porcupine 1 total 54 guns.

Statement of the force of the British squadron.
Detroit 21 guns— Q,ueen Charlotte 18 — Lady Pre-
vost 14— Hunter 10 — Little Belt 3 — Chippeway 3 —
ti>lal G3 guns.

The exact number of the enemy's force has not
been ascertained, but 1 have good reason to believf!
that it exceeded ours by nearly 100 men.



HISTORY OF THE WAR. 250

AMERICAN LOSS.

Killed on board the LavAi-ence, 22, Wounded 61.
lVia|rara 2 ; Wounded 25 — Calledonia Wounded 3;
Somers 2 wounded — Ariel Kil'ed 1, V¥oun<led 3. —
Trippe wounded 2 — iscorpiou Killed 2 — total killed
and wounded 123.

CAPTURE OF THE DOMINICO.
Capt. John H. Dent to tha Secretary of the Navy.

Charleston, Auo^. 21, 1813.
[Extravt^ I have the honor to inform you thai the
privateer schooner Decatin", of this port, arrived here
yesterday, with H. B. xM. schooner Dominico, her
pri'^e.

She was captured on the 15th inst. after a most
gallant and desperate action of one hour, and carried
by boarding-, having all her officers killed or wound-
ed except one midshipman. The Dominico mounts*
15 guns, one a 32 pounder on a pivot, and had a com-
plement of 88 men at the commencement of the action,
60 of whom were killed or wounded.

She was one of the best equipped and manned
vessels of her class I have ever seen. The Decatur
mounts 7 guns, and had a complement of 103 men at
the commencement of die action, nineteen of whom
were killed and wounded.

I have the honor to be, &c.

JOHN H. DENT.
Killed on board the Decatur 5 — wounded 15.
Killed on board the Dominico 18 — wounded 42.

CAPTURE OF MALDEN.

Gen. Harrison to the Secretary of War.
Head-Quarters Amhersthurg, Sept. 23, 1813.
SIR— I have the honor to inform you that I landed
the army under my command about 3 miles below
this place at 3 o'clock this evennig, withoutopposilion,
and took possession of the town in an hour after.
Gen. Proctor has retreated to Sandwich with his reg -
ular troops and Indians, having previously burned
the fort, navy yard, barracks and public store houses j



16© HISTORY OF THE WAR.

the two latter were very extensive, covering several
acres of ground. I will pursue \he eneni} to-morrow,
although there is no probability of my overtaking him
as be has upwards of one thousand horses, and we
liave not one in the army. I shidl think myself fortu-
'nate to be able to collect a sufficiency to mount the
General officers. It is su|)posed here that Gen. Proc-
tor intends to establish himself upon the river French,
forty miles from Maiden. I have the honor, xc.
WILLIAM H. HARRISON,

HARRISON'S VICTORY.

Gen. Harrison to the Secretary of War.

Head-Quarters, Detroit, Oct. 9, 1813.

SIR — In my letter from Sandwich of the 30lh ul-
timo, I did myself the honorto inform you, that I was
preparing- to pursue the enemy the following day.
From various causes, however I was unable to put the
troops m motion until the morning of the2dinst. and
then to take with me only about one hundred and for-
ty ot the re^-ular troops, Johnson's mounted regiment
and such of Governor Shelby's volunteers as were tit
for a rapid march, the whole amounting to about
three thousand five hundred men. ToGen.M'Ar-
thur (with about 700 effectives) the protecting of this
place and the sick was committed. Gen. Cass's brig-
afle, and the corps of Lieut. Col. Bali were left at
Sandwich, with orders to follow me as soon as the
men received their knapsacks and blankets, which
had been left on an island in Lake Erie.

The unavoidable delay at Sandwich was attended
•with no disadvantage to us. Gen. Proctor had post-
ed himself at Dalson's on the right bank of the Thames
(or Trench) tilty six miles from this place, where I
\*as informed he intended to fortify and wait to re-
ce.ve me. He must have believed, however, that I
had no disposition to follow him, or that he had se-
cured my continuance here, by the reports that were
circulated that the Inoians would attack and destroy
tjiis place upon the advance of the army ; as he neg-



HISTORY OP THE WAK. * 261'

lected to commence the breaking up the bridg-es until
the uight of the 2d irist. On that night our army
reached the rivers uhich is twenty-iive miles from
Sandwich and is one of 4 streams crossing" our route,
over all of which are bridges, and being deep and
muddy, are unfordable for a consideroble distance
into the country — the bridge here was found entire,
and in the morning I proceeded with Johnson's regi-
ment to save if possible the otjiers. At the second
bridge over a branch of the river Thames, we were
fortunate enouofh to capture a Lieut, of drasfoons and
eleven privates, who had been sent by Gen. Proctor
to destroy them. From the prisoners I learned that
the third bridge was broken up and that the eiiemy
had no certam information of our advance. The
bridge having been imperfectly destroyed, was soou
re(»aired and the army encamped at Drake's farm,
fourmiles below Dalson's.

The river Thames, along the banks of which our
route lay, is a fine deep stream, navigable for vessels
of CO siderable burden, after the passage of the bar
at its mouth over which, there is six and a half feet
water.

The baggage of the army was brought from De-
troit in boats protected by three gun-boats, which
Com. Perry had furnished for the purpose, as well as
to cover the passage of the army over the Thames it-
self, or the moullis of its tributary streams; the banks
beiiig low and the country generally open (praaries)
as high as Dalson's, these vessels were well calculat-
ed for that purpose. Above Dalson's however, the
character of the river and adjacent country is consid-
erably changed. — The former, though still deep, is
very narrow and its banks h gh and woody. The
Commodore as id myself therefore agreed upon the
propriety of leaving the boats under a guard of one
nu.idred a id fifty infaiitry, and I determined to trust
to fortune and the bravery of my troops to effect the
passage of the r ver. Be-low a place called Chatham
and 4 mdes above Dalson's is the third unfordable



362 HISTORY OF THE WAB.

branch of the Thames; the bridge over its mouth
had been taken up by the Indians, as well as that at
M'Gregor's Mills, one mile above— several hundred of
the Indians remained to dispute our passage, and upon
the arrival of the advanced guard, commenced a hea-
vy fire from the opposite bank of the creek as well as
that of the river. Believeing that the whole force of the
enemy was there, I halted the army, formed in order
of battle, and brought up our two six pounders to cover
the party that were ordered to repair the bridge— a few
shot from those pieces, soon drove oflF the Indians
and enabled us, in two hours to repair the bridge and
cross the troops. Col. Johnson's mounted regiment
bemg upon the right of the army, had seized upon the
remains of the bridge at the mills under a heavy fire
from the Indians. Our loss on this occasion, was
two killed and three or four wounded, that of the ene-
my was ascertained to be considerably greater. A
house near the bridge containing a very considerable
number of muskets had been set on fire — but it was
extmguished by our troops and the arms saved. At
the first farm above the bridge, we found one of the
enemy's vessels on fire, loaded with arms and ord-
nance stores, and learned that they were a few miles
ahead of us, still on the right bank of the river with



Online LibraryJohn] 1793-1863 [RussellThe history of the war, betwee the United States and Great-Britain, which commenced in June, 1812, and closed in Feb. 1815 .. → online text (page 20 of 38)