John Bunyan.

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That the King would have her to do as did Chris-
tian her husband, for that was the way to come to
Christiana quite his city, and to dwell in his presence
overcome. ^yith joy for ever. At this the good
woman was quite overcome ; so she cried out to
her visitor, Sir, will you carry me and my children
with you, that we also may go and worship the
King ?

Then said the visitor, Christiana, the bitter is
Further instruc- before the sweet. Thou must through
tions to Christi- troubles, as did he that went before
ana - thee, enter this Celestial City.

Wherefore, I advise thee to do as did Christian
thy husband ; go to the Wicket-gate yonder over
the plain, for that stands at the head of the way up
which thou must go, and I wish thee all good
speed. Also I advise, that thou put this letter in
thy bosom ; that thou read therein to thyself, and
to thy children, until you have got it by root of
heart ; for it is one of the songs that thou must
sing while thou art in this house of thy pilgrimage,
(Ps. cxix. 54 :) also this thou must deliver in at
the farther gate.

Now I saw in my dream, that this old gentle-
man, as he told me the story, did himself seem to
be greatly affected therewith. He moreover pro-
ceeded, and said, So Christiana called her sons
together, and began thus to address herself unto

them : My sons, I have, as you may perceive,

been of late under much exercise

Christiana prays

in my soul about the death of your her sons to take
father; not for that I doubt at all their journey,
of his happiness, for I am satisfied now that
he is well. I have also been much affected with
the thoughts of mine own estate and yours, which
I verily believe is by nature miserable. My car-
riage also to your father in his distress is a great
load to my conscience, for I hardened both mine
own heart and yours against him, and refused to
go with him on pilgrimage.

The thoughts of these things would now kill me
outright, but that for a dream which I had last
night, and but that for the encouragement this
stranger has given me this morning. Come, my
children, let us pack up, and begone to the gate
that leads to the Celestial Country, that we may
see your father, and be with him and his compa-
nions in peace, according to the laws of that land.

Then did her children burst out into tears, for
joy that the heart of their mother was so inclined.
So their visitor bid them farewell ; and they began
to prepare to set out for their journey.

But, while they were thus about to be gone, two

of the women, that were Christiana's

neighbours, came up to her house, Timorous and
° . ' • * , m Mercy come to

and knocked at her door. 1 o visit Christiana.

whom she said as before, If you

come in God's name, come in. At this the women

were stunned, for this kind of Ian- _ . „

' Christiana s

guage they used not to near, or to new language
perceive to drop from the lips of stuns her old
Wi • i.- -\r .f .a. • i a neighbours.

Christiana. Yet they came in : but

behold, they found the good woman preparing to
be gone from her house.

So they began, and said, Neighbour, pray what
is your meaning by this ? . %

Christiana answered and said to the eldest of
them, whose name was Mrs. Timoreus, I am pre-
paring for a journey. (This Timorous was daugh-
ter to him that met Christian upon the hill Dif-
ficulty, and would have had him go back for fear
of the lions.)

Tim. For what journey, I pray you ?

Chr. Even to go after my good husband. And
with that she fell a weeping.

Tim. I hope not so, good neighbour ; pray, for
your poor children's sake, do not so unwomanly
cast away yourself.

Chr. Nay, my children shall go with me ; not
one of them is willing to stay behind.

Tim. I wonder in my very heart, what or who
has brought you into this mind '?

Chr. Oh, neighbour ! knew you but as much as
I do, I doubt not but that you would go along
with me.

Tim. Pr'ythee, what new knowledge hast thou
got, that so worketh off thy mind from thy friends,
and that tempteth thee to go nobody knows
where ?

Chr. Then Christiana replied,! have been sorely



afflicted since my husband's departure from me ;
but especially since be went over
the river. But that which troubleth
me most, is my churlish carriage to him, when he
was under his distress. Besides, I am now as he
was then ; nothing will serve me but going on
pilgrimage. I was dreaming last night that I saw
him. Oh that my soul was with him ! He dwell-
eth in the presence of the King of the country ;
he sits and eats with him at his table ; he is become
a companion of immortals ; and has a house now
given him to dwell in, to which the best palace on
earth, if compared, seems to me but as a dunghill.
(2 Cor. v. 1 — 4.) The Prince of the place has also
sent for me, with promise of entertainment, if I
shall come to him : his messenger was here even
now, and has brought me a letter, which invites
me to come. And with that she plucked out her
letter, and read it, and said to them, What now
will you say to this ?

Tim. Oh, the madness that has possessed thee
and thy husband, to run yourselves upon such
difficulties ! You have heard, I am sure, what
your husband did meet with, even in a manner at
the first step that he took his way, as our neigh-
bour Obstinate can yet testify, for he went along
with him ; yea, and Pliable too, until they, like
wise men, were afraid to go any further. We also

The reasonings heard, over and above, how he met
of the flesh. w j th t ] ie ij onS) Apollyon, the Sha-
dow of Death, and many other things. Nor is the
danger that he met with at Vanity Fair to be for-
gotten by thee. For if he, though a man, was so
hard put to it, what canst thou, being but a poor
woman, do ? Consider also, that these four sweet
babes are thy children, thy flesh, and thy bones.
Wherefore, though thou shouldst be so rash as to
cast away thyself, yet, for the sake of the fruit of
thy body, keep thou at home.

But Christiana said unto her, Tempt me not, my
neighbour : I have now a price put into my hand
to get gain, and I should be a fool of the greatest
size if I should have no heart to strike in with the

A pertinent re- opportunity. And for that you tell
ply to fleshly me of all these troubles that I am

reasoning. jy^ ^ mQQt ^^ ^ ^ way , they .

are so far from being to me a discouragement, that
they show I am in the right. " The bitter must
come before the sweet," and that also will make
the sweet the sweeter. Wherefore since you came
not to my house in God's name, as I said, I pray
you to be gone, and not to disquiet me. further.

Then Timorous reviled her, and said to her fel-
low, Come, neighbour Mercy, let us leave her in
"her own hands, since she scorns our counsel and
company. But Mercy was at a stand, and could not
so readily comply with her neighbour ; and that for a
twofold reason. 1. Her bowels yearned over Christ-
Mercy's bowels i ana > So she said within herself, If
yearn over my neighbour will needs be gone, I
Christiana. ^ gQ R j.^ way ^^ j^ &nd h(?]p

her. 2. Her bowels yearned over her own soul; for


what Christiana had said had taken some hold up-
on her mind. Wherefore she said within herself
again, I will yet have more talk with this Christiana;
and, if I find truth and life in what she shall say,
myself with my heart shall also go with her.
Wherefore Mercy began thus to reply to her neigh-
bour Timorous.

Mer. Neighbour, I did indeed come with you
to see Christiana this morring ; and since she is,
as you see, a taking her last farewell of the country,
I think to walk this sunshiny morning a little with
her, to help her on her way. But she told her not
of her second reason, but kept it to herself.

Tim. Well, I see you have a mind to go a fool-
ing, too ; but take heed in time, and be wise :
while we are out of danger, we are out; but when
we are in, we are in,

So Mrs. Timorous returned to her house, and
Christiana betook herself to her jour- Timorous for-
ney. But, when Timorous was got

sakes her, but
Mercy cleaves

home to her house, she sends for some to her.

of her neighbours, to wit, Mrs. Bat's-Eyes, Mrs.

Inconsiderate, Mrs. Light-Mind, Tin

mxiriius n ■_-—

and Mrs. Know-Nothing. So, when „ .quaints her
,, ,ii i mends what the

they were come to her house, she g00 d Christiana
falls to telling of the story of Christ- intends to do.
iana, and of her intended journey. And thus she
began her tale.

Tim. Neighbours,;, having had little to do this
morning, I went to .give Christiana a visit ; and
when I came at the door, I knocked, as you know
it is our custom : and she answered, If you come
in God's name, come in. So in I went, thinking all
was well : but, when I came in, I found her pre-
paring herself to depart the town, she, and also
her children. So I asked her, what was her mean-
ing by that ? And she told me in short, that she
was now of a mind to go on pilgrimage, as did
her husband. She told me also of a dream that
she had, and how the King of the country where
her husband was, had sent an inviting letter to
come thither.

Then said Mrs. Know-Nothing, Mrs. Know-No-
And what, do you think she will go ? thing.

Tim. Ay, go she will, whatever comes on't; and
methinks I know it by this ; for that which was
my great argument to persuade her to stay at
home, (to wit, the troubles she was like to meet
with in the way,) is one great argument with her
to put her forward on her journey. — For she told
me in so many words, " The bitter goes before the
sweet ; yea, and forasmuch as it so doth, it makes
the sweet the sweeter."

Mrs. Bat's-Eyes. Oh this blind and foolish woman !
said she, and will she not take warn- Mrs. Bat's-
ing by her husband's afflictions? E )' es -
For my part, I see, if he were here again, he would
rest himself content in a whole skin, and never run
so many hazards for nothing.

Mrs. Inconsiderate also replied, saying, Away
with such fantastical fools from the Mrs. Inconside-
town : a good riddance, for my part, rate -




I say. of her ; should she stay where she dwells,
and retain this her mind, who could live quietly by
her ? for she will either be dumpish or unneigh-
bourly, or talk of such matters as no wise body
can abide : wherefore, for my part, I shall never
be sorry for her departure ; let her go, and let
better come in her room : it was never a good
world since these whimsical fools dwelt in it.

Then Mrs. Light-Mind added as followeth :
Mrs. Light- Come, put this kind of talk away.
Mind. I was yesterday at Madam Wan-

ton's, where we were as merry as the maids. For
Madam Wan- wno &° J 0Xi think should be there,
ton, she that but I and Mrs. Love-the-Flesh, and
h been k too°hard e toe or four more, with Mrs. Lech-
for Faithful, in ery, Mrs. Filth, and some others :
time past. g0 ^here we ^ad m usic ant ] dancing,
and what else was meet to fill up the pleasure. And,
I dare say, my lady herself is an admirable well-bred
gentlewoman, and Mr. Lechery is as pretty a

By tills time Christiana was got on her way, and

Mercy went along with her : so as they went, her

Discourse be- children being there also, Christiana

anTgoo/cW be S an t0 . discourse. And, Mercy,

tiatiaV said Christiana, I take this as an

unexpected favour, that thou shouldest set forth

out of doors with me to accompany me a little in

the way.

Mer. Then said young Mercy, (for she was but
Mercy inclines young,) If I thought it would be to
to go. purpose to go with you, I would
never go near the town any more.

Chr. Well, Mercy, said Christiana, cast in thy
lot with me. I well know what will be the end of
our pilgrimage : my husband is where he would
not but be for all the gold in the Spanish mines.
Nor shalt thou be rejected, though thou goest but
upon my invitation. The King, who hath sent for
me and my children, is one that delighteth in
mercy. Besides, if thou wilt, I will hire thee, and
thou shalt go along with me as my servant. Yet
we will have all things in common betwixt thee and
me ; only go along with me.

Mer. But how shall I be ascertained that I also
Mercy doubts shall be entertained ? Had I this
of acceptance. n0 p e Dut f rom one that can tell, I
would make no stick at all, but would go, being
helped by Him that can help, though the way was
ver so tedious.

Chr. Well, loving Mercy, I will tell thee what
Christiana al- tnou shalt do ; go with me to the
lures her to the Wicket-gate, and there I will fur-
Christ/and pro- tuer inquire for thee ; and if there
mises there to thou shalt not meet with encourage -
inquire for her. ^^ j wffl be CQntent ^ ^

return to thy place. I also will pay thee for the
kindness which thou showest to me and my chil-
dren in the accompanying of us in our way as
thou dost.

Mer. Then will I go thither, and will take what
Mercy prays, shall follow; and the Lord grant

that my lot may there fall, even as the King of
heaven shall have his heart upon me.

Christiana then was glad at heart : not only that
she had a companion; but also for Christiana glad
that she had prevailed 'with this poor of Mercy's com-
maid to fall in love with her own pauy-
salvation. So they went on together, and Mercy
began to. weep. Then said Christiana, Wherefore
weepeth my sister so ?

Mer. Alas ! said she r who can but lament, that
shall but rightly consider what a Mercy grievea
state, and condition my poor rela- for her carnal
tions are in, that yet remain in our re ^t^ 0118,
sinful town ? And that which makes my grief the
more heavy is, because they have no instructor,
nor any to tell them what is to come.

Chr. Bowels become pilgrims ; and thou dost
for thy friends, as my good Christian did for me
when he left me ; he mourned for Christian's
that I would not heed nor regard Payers were

._ n , T n answered lor his

him : but his Lord and ours did relations after
gather up his tears, and put them he was dead,
into his bottle ; and now both I and thou, and
these my sweet babes, are reaping. the fruit and
benefit of them. I hope, Mercy, that these tears
of thine will not be lost ; for the Truth hath said,
that "they that sow in tears shall reap in joy ;"
and " he that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing
precious seed, shall doubtless come again with
rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him." (Ps.
exxvi. 5, 6.)

Then said Mercy,

Let the most Blessed be my guide

If 't be his blessed will,
Unto his gate, into his fold,

Up to his holy hill:

And let him never suffer me

To swerve or turn aside
From his free-grace and holy- ways,

Whate'er shall me betide.

And let him gather them of mine

That I have left behind :
Lord, make them pray they may be thii.e,

With all their heart and mind.

Now my old friend proceeded, and said, But,
when Christiana came to the Slough of Despond,
she began to be at a stand ; For, said she, this is
the place in which my dear husband had like
to have been smothered with mud. She per-
ceived also, that, notwithstanding the command of
the King to make this place for pilgrims good,
yet it was rather worse than formerly. So I
asked if that was true ? Yes, said „, .

,*,,•,•■ r Iheir own car-

the old gentleman, too true ; tor nil i conclusions
many there be that pretend to be instead o£ the
the King's labourers, and that say
they are for mending the King's highways, and

that bring dirt and dung instead of . r x , , ,.
°. • . * * n Mercy the bold-

stones, and so mar, instead ot mend- est at the
ing. Here Christiana, therefore, Slough of Des-

and her boys, did make a stand


but. said Mercy, Come, let us venture ; onlv let




us be wary. Then they looked well to their steps,
and made a shift to get staggeringly over.

Yet Christiana had like to have been in, and
that not once or twice. Now they had no sooner
got over, bnt they thought they heard words that
said nnto them, " Blessed is she that belie veth,
for there shall be a performance of what has been
told her from the Lord." (Luke i. 45.)

Then they went on again ; and said Mercy to
Christiana, Had I as good ground to hope for a
loving reception at the Wicket-gate as you, I
think no Slough of Despond would discourage me.

Well, said the other, you know your sore, and
I know mine ; and, good friend, we shall all have
enough evil before we come to our journey's end.
For can it be imagined, that the people who
design to attain such excellent glories as we do,
and that are so envied that happiness as we are,
but that we shall meet with what fears and snares,
with what troubles and afflictions, they can pos-
sibly assault us with that hate us ?

And now Mr. Sagacity left me to dream out my
dream by myself. Wherefore methought I saw
Christiana, and Mercy, and the boys, go all of them

Prayer should U P to the & ate > to wllich when tbe y

be made with were come, they betook themselves

and°li! r asw n en to a *ort debate about how they

as in faith and must manage their calling at the

hope gate, and what should be said unto

him that did open to them : so it was concluded,

since Christiana was the eldest, that she should

knock for entrance, and that she should speak to

him that did open, for the rest. So Christiana began

to knock, and, as her poor husband did, she knocked

and knocked again. But, instead of any that

answered, they all thought that they heard as if

The dog, the a do S came barking upon them ;

devil, an enemy a dog, and a great one too : and

to prayer. t ^- g ma( j e ^ e wome n and children

afraid. Nor durst they for a while to knock any

more, for fear the mastiff should fly upon them.

Now therefore they were greatly tumbled up and

down in their minds, and knew not what to do ;

knock they durst not, for fear of the dog ; go back

_ . . , thev durst not, for fear the keeper

Christiana and « J ' x

her companions of that gate should espy them as
perplexed about they so went, and should be offended
pid) ' with them : at last, they thought of
knocking again, and knocked more vehemently
than they did at first. Then said the keeper of
the gate, Who is there ? So the dog left off to
bark, and he opened unto them.

Then Christiana made low obeisance, and said,
.Let not our Lord be offended with his hand-
maidens, for that we have knocked at his princely
gate. Then said the keeper, Whence come ye ?
and what is it that you would have ?

Christiana answered, We are come from whence
Christian did come, and upon the same errand as
he ; to wit, to be, if it shall please you, graciously
admitted, by this gate, into the way that leads
unto the Celestial City. And I answer, my Lord,

in the next place, that I am Christiana, once the
wife of Christian, that now is gotten above.

With that the keeper of the gate did marvel,
saying, What, is she now become a pilgrim, that
but a while ago abhorred that life ? Then she
bowed her'head, and said, Yea; and so are these
my sweet babes also.

Then he took her by the hand, and led her

and said also, " Suffer little

How Christiana

children to come unto me ; " and is entertained
with that he shut up the gate. at the & ate -
This done, he called to a trumpeter that was
above, over the gate, to entertain Christiana with
shouting and sound of trumpet, for joy. So he
obeyed, and sounded,, and filled the air with his
melodious notes.

Now, all this while poor Mercy did stand with-
out, trembling and crying; for fear that she was
rejected. But when Christiana had got admit-
tance for herself and her boys, then she began to
make intercession for Mercy.

And she said, My Lord, I have a companion of
mine that stands yet without, that Christiana's
is come hither upon the same account prayer for her :
as myself; one that is much dejected friend Meic >'- . •
in her mind, for that she comes, as she thinks,
without sending for; whereas I was sent for by
my husband's King to come.

Now Mercy began to be very impatient, and

each minute was as long to her as

■i n c 1 , ■. Delavs make

an hour; wherefore she prevented the hun°-erin°-
Christiana from a fuller interceding soul the fer- ,
for her, by knocking at the gate veut er.
herself. And she knocked then so loud, that she, -
made Christiana to start, Then said the . Ke^ei*
of the gate, Who is there ? And Christiana a»?d,
It is my friend.. ' •

So he opened the gate, and looked
out, but Mercy was fallen down
without in a swoon, for she fainted, and was afraid
that no gate should be opened to her.

Then he took her by the hand, and said, Dam-
sel, I bid thee rise.

. Oh Sir, said she, I am faint ; there is scarce life
left in me ! But he answered, that one once said,
" When my soul fainted within me, I remembered
the Lord, and my prayer came unto thee, into thy
holy temple." (Jonah ii. 7.) Fear not, but stand,
upon thy feet, and tell me wherefore thou! art come.

Mer. I am come for that unto which I was never
invited, as my friend Christiana was. Her's was
from the King, and mine!'' was but from her.
Wherefore I fear I presume.

Good. Did she desire thee to come with her to
this place ?

Mer. Yes ; and as my Lord sees, I am come ;
and if there is any grace and forgiveness of sins to
spare, I beseech that thy poor handmaid may be
a partaker thereof.

Then he took her again by the hand, and led
her gently in, and said, I pray for all them that
believe on me, by what means soever they come

Mercy faints.



unto me. Then said he to those who stood by,
Fetch something, and give it to Mercy to smell
on, thereby to stay her faintings. So they fetched
her a bundle of myrrh, (Sol. Song i. 13,) and a
while after she was revived.

And now were Christiana and her boys, and
Mercy, received of the Lord at the head of the
way, and spoke kindly unto by him. Then said
they yet further unto him. We are sorry for our
sins, and beg of our Lord his pardon, and further
information what we must do.

I grant pardon, said he, by word and deed ; by
word, in the promise of forgiveness ; by deed, in
the way I obtained it. Take the first from my
lips with a kiss, and the other as it shall be re-
vealed. (John xx. 20.)

Now I saw in my dream, that he spake many
good words unto them, whereby they were greatly
Christ crucified gladded. He also had them up to
seen afar off. the top of the gate, and showed them
by what deed they were saved ; and told them
withal, that that sight they would have again as
they went along in the way, to their comfort.
Talk between So he left them a while in a sum-
the Christians. mer parlour below, where they en-
tered into talk by themselves ; and thus Christiana
began : Lord, how glad am I that we are got
in hither !

Mer. So you well may ; but I of all have cause
to leap for joy.

Chr. I thought one time, as I stood at the gate,
(because I had knocked, and none did answer,)
that all our labour had been lost, especially when
that ugly cur made such a heavy barking against

Mer. But my worst fear was, after I saw that
you was taken into his favour, and that I was left
behind. Now, thought I, it is fulfilled which is
written, " Two women shall be grinding together ;
the one shall be taken, and the other left." (Matt.
xxiv. 41.) I had much ado to forbear crying out,
Undone ! And afraid I was to knock any more :
but when I looked up to what was written over the
gate, I took courage. I also thought, that I must
either knock again or die : so I knocked, but I
cannot tell how; for my spirit now struggled be-
tween life and death.

n . . .. Chr. Can you not tell how you

Christiana J J

thinks her com- knocked ? 1 am sure your knocks
panion prays were s0 earnest, that the very

better than she. , „ , ' , V

sound of them made me start. I
thought I never heard such knocking in all
my life ; I thought you would a come in by a
violent hand, or a took the kingdom by storm.
(Matt. xi. 12.)

Mer. Alas ! to be in my case, who that so was
could but have done so ? You saw that the door
was shut upon me, and that there was a most cruel
dog thereabout. Who, I say, that was so faint-
hearted as I, would not have knocked with all their
might ? But pray, what said my Lord to my rude-
ness ? Was he not angry with me ?

Chr. When he heard your lumbering noise, h»
gave a wonderful innocent smile : Cni . igt P i ease ,j
I believe what you did pleased him with loud and
well, for he showed no sign to the restless P ra >' e -
contrary. But I marvel in my heart If the soul at

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