John Bunyan.

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and they have said that they have seen the very
crown of thorns upon his head, by looking in that
glass ; they have therein also seen the holes in his
hands, his feet, and his side. Yea, such an excel-
lency is there in this glass, that it will show him
to one where they have a mind to see him, whether
living or dead ; whether in earth, or in heaven ;
whether in a state of humiliation, or in his exalta-

tion ; whether coming to suffer, or coming to
reign. (James i. 23—25. 1 Cor. xiii. 12. 2 Cor.
iii. 18).

Christiana therefore went to the Shepherds
apart, (now the names of the Shepherds were
Knowledge, Experience, Watchful, and Sincere,)
and said unto them, There is one of my daughters,
a breeding woman, that I think doth* long for
something that she hath seen in this house ; and
she thinks that she shall miscarry if she should by
you be denied.

Experience, Call her, call her ; she shall assuredly
have what we can help her to. So she ^ oth - not
they called her, and said to her, lose her long-
Mercy, what is that thing that thou lng-
wouldst have ? Then she blushed, and said, The
great glass that hangs up in the dining-room. So
Sincere ran and fetched it, and with a joyful
consent it was given her. Then she bowed her
head, and gave thanks, and said, By this I know
that I have obtained favour in your eyes.-

They also gave to the other young women such
things as they desired, and to their husbands great
commendations, for that they had joined with
Mr. Great-heart in the slaying of Giant Despair,
and the demolishing of Doubting-castle.

About Christiana's neck the Shepherds put a
bracelet, and so did they about the How the sh
necks of her four daughters ; also herds adorn the
they put earrings in their ears, and pugmns.
jewels on their foreheads.

When they were minded to go hence, they let
them go in peace, but gave not to them those
certain cautions which before were given to
Christian and his companion. The reason was,
for that these had Great-heart to be their guide,
who was one that was well acquainted with things,
and so could give them their cautions more sea-
sonably, to wit, even when the danger "Was nigh
the approaching. What cautions Christian and
his companion had received of the Shepherds,
they had also lost by that the time was come that
they had need to put them in practice. Where-
fore, here was the advantage that this company
had over the other.

From thence they went on singing, and they
said, —

Behold, how fitly are the stages set

For their relief that pilgrims are become,
And how they us receive without one let,

That make the other life our mark and home !
What novelties they have to us they give,
That we, though pilgrims, joyful lives may live ;
They do upon us, too, such things bestow,
That show we pilgrims are where'er we go.

When they were gone from the Shepherfls, they
quickly came to the place where Christian met
with one Turn-away, that dwelt in the town of
Apostasy. Wherefore of him Mr. Great-heart,
their guide, did now put them in mind, saying.
This is the place where Christian met with one
Turn-away, who carried with him the character


of his rebellion at his back. And this I have to
say concerning this man ; — he would hearken to no
counsel, but once a falling, persuasion could not
How one Turn- sto P ^ m ' W nen ne came to the
away managed place where the cross and sepulchre
his apostasy. wer6) he did meet with one thftt b;d

him look there ; but be gnashed with his teeth,
and stamped, and said he was resolved to go back
to his own town. Before he came to the gate, he
met with Evangelist, who offered to lay hands on
bim, to turn him into the way
again. But this Turn-away
resisted him, and having done
much despite unto him, he got
away over the wall, and so
escaped his hand.

Then they went on ; and just
at the place where Little -faith
formerly was robbed, there
stood a man with his sword
drawn, and his face all over
with blood. Then said Mr.
Great-heart, Who art thou ?
The man made answer, say-
ing, I am one whose name is
Valiant-for-truth. I am a pil-
grim, and am going to the
Celestial City. ■ Now, as I was
in my way, there were three
One Valiant-for- men ^id beset me, and propounded
truth beset with urito me these three things : 1.
thieves. Whether I would become one of
them. 2. Or go back from whence I came.
3. Or die upon the place. (Prov. i. 10 — 19.)
To the first I answered, I had been a true
man for a long season, and therefore it could
not be expected that I should now cast in my
lot with thieves. Then they demanded what
I would say to the second. So I told them, the
place from whence I came, had I not found incom-
raodity there, I had not forsaken it at all ; but
rinding it altogether unsuitable to me, and very
unprofitable for me, I forsook it for this way.
Then they asked me what I said to the third.
And I told them, my life cost far more dear than
that I should lightly give it away. Besides, you
have nothing to do thus to put things to my
choice ; wherefore at your peril be it if you
meddle. Then these three, to wit, Wild-head, In-
considerate, and Pragmatic, drew upon me, and I
also drew upon them. So we fell to it, one against
three, for the space of above three hours. They
have left upon me, as you see, some of the marks
of their valour, and have also carried away with
them some of mine. They are but just now gone :
I suppose they might, as the saying is, hear your
horse dash, and so they betook themselves to

Great. But here was great odds, three against

Valiant. 'Tis true ; but little or more are nothing
to him that has the truth on his side : " Though

an host should encamp against me," said one,
" my heart shall not fear : though war should rise
against me, in this will I be confident," &c. Be-
sides, said he, I have read in some records, that
one man has fought an army : and how many did
Samson slay with the jawbone of an ass !

Then said the guide, Why did you not cry
out, that some might have come in for your
succour ?

Valiant. So I did, to my King, who I knew

could hear me, and afford invisible help, and that
was sufficient for me.

Then said Great-heart to Mr. Valiant-for-
truth, Thou hast worthily behaved thyself; let
me see thy sword. So he showed it him.

When he had taken it in his hand, and looked
thereon a while, he said, Ha! it is a right Jeru-
salem blade.

Valiant. It is so. Let a man have one of these
blades, with a hand to wield it and skill to use it,
and he may venture upon an angel with it. He
need not fear its holding, if he can but tell how to
lay on. Its edge will never blunt. It will cut
flesh and bones, and soul and spirit, and all.

Great. But you fought a great while ; I wonder
you- were not weary.

Valiant. I fought till my sword did cleave to
my hand ; and then they were joined The word. The
is if a sword grew out of flil,h -
and when the blood ran Blood -
fingers, then I fought with most

my arm





Thou hast done well

thou hast resisted
unto blood, striving against sin. Thou shalt abide
by us, come in and go out with us ; for we are
thy companions. Then they took him, and washed
his wounds, and gave him of what they had, to
refresh him : and so they went on together.

Now, as they went on, because Mr. Great-heart
was delighted with him, (for he loved one greatly
that he found to be a man of his hands,) and be-
cause there were in company them that were feeble
and weak, therefore he questioned with him



about many tilings ; as, first, what countryman
he was.

Valiant. I am of Dark-land ; for there was I
born, and there my father and mother are still.

Great. Dark-land, said the guide ; doth not
that lie on the same coast with the city of De-
struction ?

Valiant. Yes, it doth. Now, that which caused
How Mr. me to come on pilgrimage was this :

™tp£ e ^ We had one Mr - Tell - true came

age? into our parts, and he told it about

what Christian had done, that went from the city
of Destruction ; namely, how he had forsaken his
wife and children, and had betaken himself to a
pilgrim's life. It was also confidently reported,
how he had killed a serpent that did come out to
resist him in his journey ; and how he got through
to whither he intended. It was also told what
welcome he had at all his Lord's lodgings, espe-
cially when he came to the gates of the Celestial
City ; for there, said the man, he was received
with sound of trumpet by a company of shining
ones. He told also how all the bells in the city
did ring for joy at his reception, and what golden
garments he was clothed with ; with many other
things that now I shall forbear to relate. In a
word, that man so told the story of Christian and
his travels that my heart fell into a burning haste
to be gone after him ; nor could father or mother
stay me. So I got from them, and am come thus
far on my way.

Great. You came in at the gate, did you not ?

Valiant. Yes, yes ; for the same man also told

He begins u s > that all would be nothing, if we
right. did no t begin to enter this way at

the gate.

Look you, said the guide to Christiana, the

Christian's pilgrimage of your husband, and
name famous. w hat h e has gotten thereby, is
spread abroad far and near.

Valiant. Why, is this Christian's wife ?

Great. Yes, that it is ; and these also are his
four sons.

Valiant. What, and going on pilgrimage too ?

Great. Yes, verily, they are following after.

Valiant. It glads me at the heart. Good man,
He is much re- ^ ow J ovm l w iU ne be when he shall

joiced to see see them that would not go with
Christian's wife. ^ y<jt tQ ^^ ^ h{m ^ ^ ^

gates into the Celestial City !

Great. Without doubt it will be a comfort to
him ; for, next to the joy of seeing himself there,
it will be a joy to meet there his wife and

Valiant. But now you are upon that, pray let
me see your opinion about it. Some make a
question, whether we shall know one another when
we are there.

Great. Do you think they shall know themselves
then, or that they shall rejoice to see themselves in
that bliss ? and if they think they shall know and
do this, why not know others, and rejoice in their

welfare also ? Again, since relations are our second
self, though that state will be dissolved there,
yet why may it not be rationally concluded, that
we shall be more glad to see them there, than to
see they are wanting ?

Valiant. Well, I perceive whereabouts you are
as to this. Have you any more things to ask me
about my beginning to come on pilgrhnage ?

Great. Yes; were your father and mother wil-
ling that you should become a pilgrim ?

Valiant. Oh ! no ; they used all means ima-
ginable to persuade me to stay at home.

Great. Why, what could they say against it ?

Valiant. Thev said it was an „. . ,

•jt im> n -/t ii- The great stum-

ldle hie ; and if I myseli were not bling-blocks

inclined to sloth and laziness, I , . lhd . t b >' hl f .,

friends were laid

would never countenance a pil- i n his way.
grim's condition.

Great. And what did they say else ?

Valiant. Why, they told me that it was a dan-
gerous way ; yea, the most dangerous way in the
world, say they, is that which the pilgrims go.

Great. Did they show you wherein this way i3
so dangerous ?

Valiant. Yes ; and that in many particulars.

Great. Name some of them.

Valiant. They told me of the Slough of De-
spond, where Christian was well The first stum-
nigh smothered. They told me, bling-block.
that there were archers standing ready in Beel-
zebub-castle, to shoot them who should knock at
the Wicket -gate for entrance. They told me also
of the wood and dark mountains ; of the hill Diffi-
culty ; of the lions ; and also of the three giants,
Bloody-man, Maul and Slay-good. They said,
moreover, that there was a foul fiend haunted the
Valley of Humiliation ; and that Christian was by
him almost bereft of life. Besides, said they, you
must go over the Valley of the Shadow of Death,
where the hobgoblins are, where the light is dark-
ness, where the way is full of snares, pits, traps,
and gins. They told me' also of Giant Despair, of
Doubting-castle, and of the ruin that the pilgrims
met with there. Further, they said I must go over
the Enchanted Ground, which was dangerous ; and
that after all this, I should find a river, over which
there was no bridge ; and that that river did lie
betwixt me and the Celestial Country.

Great. And was this all ?

Valiant. No. They also told me that this way

was full of deceivers, and of persons _,

.1 l i -j. xi j The second.

that lay m wait there to turn good

men out of the path.

Great. But how did they make that out ?

Valiant. They told me, that Mr. Worldly-wise-
man did lie there in wait to deceive. They said
also, that there were Formality and Hypocrisy
continually on the road. They said also, that By-
ends, Talkative, or Demas, would go near to
gather me up ; that the Flatterer would catch me
in his net ; or that, with green-headed Ignorance,
I would presume to go on to the gate, from



The third.

whence he Ayas sent back to the hole that was in
the side of the hill, and made to go the by-way to

Great. I promise yon, this was enough to dis-
courage yon ; bnt did they make an end there ?
Valiant. No, stay. They told me also of many
that had tried that way of old, and
that had gone a great way therein,
to see if they conld find something of the glory
there that so many had so much talked of from
time to time, and how they came back again, and
befooled themselves for setting a foot ont of doors
in that path, to the satisfaction of all the conntry.
And they named several that did so, as Obsti-
nate and Pliable, Mistrust and Timorous, Turn-
away and old Atheist, with several more ; who,
they said, had some of them gone far to see
what they could find, but not one of them had
found so much advantage by going as amounted
to the weight of a feather.

Great. Said they anything more to discourage
you ?

Valiant. Yes. They told me of one Mr. Fear-

The fourth. in ^' wll ° WaS a P% rim '. and how
he found his way so solitary, that

he never had a comfortable hour therein ; also
that Mr. Despondency had like to have been
starved therein : yea, and also (which I had al-
most forgot) that Christian himself, about whom
there has been such a noise, after all his ventures
for a celestial crown, was certainly drowned in the
Black River, and never went a foot farther, how-
ever it w r as smothered up.

Great. And did none of these things discourage

nothings to me.

Great. How came that about ?
How he got over Valiant. Why, I still, believed
these stumh- what Mr. Tell-true had said ; and
ling-blocks. thkt carried me be y nd them all.

Great. Then this was your victory, even your

Valiant. It was so. I believed, and therefore
came out, got into the way, fought all that set
themselves against me. and, by believing, am come
to this place.

Who would true valour see,

Let him come hither ;
One here will constant be,

Come wind, come weather.
There's no discouragement
Shall make him once relent
His first avow'd intent
To be a pilgrim.

Whoso beset him round

With dismal stories,
Do but themselves confound ;

His strength the more is.
No lion can him flight,
He'll with a giant fight,
But he will have a right
To be a pilgrim.

you ?

they seemed but as so many

Hobgoblin, nor foul fiend,

Can daunt his spirit;
He knows he at the end

Shall life inherit
Tli en fancies fly away,
He'll not fear what men say ;
He'll labour night and clay
To be a pilgrim.

By this time they were got to the Enchanted
Ground, where the air naturally tended to make
one drowsy.

And that place was all grown over with briers
and thorns, excepting here and there, where was
an enchanted arbour, upon which if a man sits, or
in which if a man sleeps, it is a question, some say,
whether ever he shall rise or wake again in this
world. Over this forest therefore they went, both
one and another, and Mr. Great-heart went before,
for that he was the guide ; and Mr. Valiant-for-
truth came behind, being rear-guard, for fear lest
peradventure some fiend, or dragon, or giant, or
thief, should fall upon their rear, and so do mis-
chief. They went on here, each man with his
sword drawn in his hand ; for they knew it was a
dangerous place. Also they cheered up one
another as well as they could. Feeble -mind, Mr.
Great-heart commanded should come up after him ;
and Mr. Despondency was under the eye of Mr.

Now they had not gone far, but a great mist
and darkness fell upon them all ; so that they could
scarce, for a great while, see the one the other.
"Wherefore they were forced, for some time, to feel
one for another by words ; for they walked not by
sight. But any one must think, that here was but
sorry going for the best of them all ; but how
much worse for the women and children, who both
of feet and heart were but tender ! Yet so it was,
that through the encouraging words of him that
led in the front, and of him that brought them up
behind, they made a pretty good shift to wag

The way also here was very wearisome, through
dirt and slabbiness. Nor was there, on all this
ground, so much as one inn or victualling-house,
wherein to refresh the feebler sort. Here, there-
fore, was grunting, and puffing, and sighing ; while
one tumbleth over a bush, another sticks fast in the
dirt ; and the children, some of them, lost their
shoes in the mire ; — while one cries out, I am
down ; and another, Ho, where are you ? and a
third, The bushes have got such fast hold on me,
I think I cannot get away from them.

Then they came at an arbour, warm, and pro-
mising much refreshing to the pil- Anarbouron
grims ; for it was finely wrought the enchanted
above-head, beautified with greens, ground,
furnished with benches and settles. It also had in
it a soft couch, whereon the weary might lean.
This, you must think, all things considered, was
tempting ; for the pilgrims already began to be
foiled with the badness of the way : but there was
not one of them that made so much as a motion to



stop there. Yea, for aught I could perceive, they
continually gave so good heed to the advice of
their guide, and he did so faithfully tell them of
dangers, and of the nature of dangers when they
were at them, that usually when they were nearest
to them, they did most pluck up their spirits, and
hearten one another to deny the flesh. This ar-
Thenameof the hour was called The Slothful's
arbour. Friend, on purpose to allure, if
it might be, some of the pilgrims there to take up
their rest when weary.

I saw then in my dream, that they went on in
this their solitary ground, till they The way diffi-
came to a place at which a man is cult to find.
apt to lose his way. Now, though when it waa
light their guide could well enough tell how to
miss those ways that led wrong, yet in the dark he
was put to a stand. But he had in m , .,,

•. . , . P ,, it the guide has a

nis pocket a map or all ways leading ra ap of all ways
to or from the Celestial City ; where- leading to or
fore he struck a light, (for he never r '
goes also without his tinder-box,) and takes a view

of his hook or map, which bids him to be careful
in that place to turn to the right hand. And, had
he not been careful here to look in his map, they
had all, in probability, been smothered in the mud,
for just a little before them, and that at the end of
the cleanest way too, was a pit, none knows how
deep, full of nothing but mud, there made on pur-
pose to destroy the pilgrims in.

Then thought I with myself, Who that goeth on

pilgrimage but would have one of

these maps about him, that he may

look when he is at a stand which is the way he

must take ?

Then they went on in this Enchanted Ground,
An arbour, and ^ tne Y came to where there was
two asleep another arbour, and it was built by
the highway-side. And in that ar-
bour there lay two men, whose names were Heed-

less and Too-bold. These two went thus far on
pilgrimage ; but here, being wearied with their
journey, sat down to rest themselves, and so fell
fast asleep. When the pilgrims saw them, they
stood still, and shook their heads, for they knew
that the sleepers were in a pitiful case. Then
they consulted what to do, whether to go on and
leave them in their sleep, or to step to them and
try to awake them. So they concluded to go to
them and awake them ; that is, if they could ; but
with this caution, namely, to take heed that they
themselves did not sit down, nor embrace^he offered
benefit of that arbour.

So they went in, and spake to the men, and
called each by his name, for the xhe pilgrims
guide it seems did know them ; but try to awake
there was no voice nor answer. t em '
Then the guide did shake them, and do what he



could to disturb them. Then said one of them, I
will pay you when I take my money. At which the
guide shook his head. I will fight so long as I
can hold my sword in my hand, said the other.
At that, one of the children laughed.

Then said Christiana, What is the meaning of
Their endeavour this? _ The guide said, They talk

is fruitless. j n their sleep. If you strike them,
beat them, or whatever else you do to them, they
will answer you after this fashion; or, as one of
them .said in old time, when the waves of the sea
did beat upon him, and he slept as one upon the
mast of a ship, Wben I awake, I wall seek it again.
(Prov. xxiii. 34, 35.) You know, when men talk
in their sleep, they say any thing, but their words
are not governed either by faith or reason. There
is an incoherency in their words now, as there was
before betwixt their going on pilgrimage and sitting
down here. This, then, is the mischief of it; —
when heedless ones go on pilgrimage, 'tis twenty
to one but they are served thus ; for this Enchanted
Ground is one of the last refuges that the enemy
to pilgrims has ; wherefore it is, as you see, placed
almost at the end of the way, and so it standeth
against us with the more advantage. For when,
thinks the enemy, will these fools be so desirous to
sit down as when they are weary ? and when so
like to be weary as when almost at their journey's
end ? Therefore it is, I say, that the Enchanted
Ground is placed so nigh to the land Beulah, and
so near the end of their race. Wherefore let pil-
grims look to themselves, lest it happen to them as
it has done to these that, as you see, are fallen
asleep, and none can awake them.

Then the pilgrims desired with trembling to go
forward ; only they prayed their guide to strike a
light, that they might go the rest of their way by
The light of the the help of the light of a lantern.
word - So he struck a light, and they went
by the help of that through the rest of this way.
though the darkness was very great. (2 Pet. i. 19.)

The children But * ne children began to be sorely
cry for weari- weary, and they cried out unto Him
neS8 ' that loveth pilgrims to make their

way more comfortable. So by that they had gone
a little farther, a wind arose, that drove away the
fog : so the air became more clear. Yet they
were not off (by much) of the Enchanted Ground ;
only now they could see one another better, and
the way wherein they should walk.

Now when they were almost at the end of this

ground, they perceived that a little before them

was a solemn noise, as of one that was much con-

Q , ,, . cerned. So they went on and looked

Standfast upon . . , -.-,<,-,■,

his knees on the before them : and behold they saw,

^rou ai d ed as ^ e y thought, a man upon his

knees, with his hands and eyes

lifted up, and speaking, as they thought, earnestly

to one that was above. They drew nigh, but

could not tell what he said : so they went softly

till he had done. When he had done, he got up,

and began to run towards the Celestial City. Then

vol. ir.

Mr. Great-heart called after him, saying, Soho,
friend ! let us have your company, if you go, as I
suppose you do, to the Celestial City. So the man
stopped, and they came up to him. But as soon
as Mr. Honest saw him, he said, I know this man.
Then said Mr. Valiant-for-truth, The story of
Prithee, who is it ? It is one, said Standfast.
he, that comes from whereabout I dwelt. His
name is Standfast ; he is certainly a right good

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