John Bunyan.

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And first old Questioning himself was set to the
bar; for he was the receiver, the entertainer, and
comforter of these Doubters, that by nation were
outlandish men ; then he was bid to hearken to his
charge, and was told that he had liberty to object,
if he had aught to. say for himself. So his indict-
ment was read ; the manner and form here follows —

" Mr. Questioning, thou art here indicted by the
name of Evil-questioning, an in- His inJict-
truder upon the town of Mansoul, ment.
for that thou art a Diabolonian by nature, and also
a hater of the Prince Emmanuel, and one that hast
studied the ruin of the town of Mansoul. Thou
art also here indicted for countenancing the King's
enemies, after wholesome laws made to the contrary:
For, 1. Thou hast questioned the truth of her doc-
trine and state. 2. In wishing that ten thousand
Doubters were in her. 3. In receiving, in enter-
taining, and encouraging of her enemies that came
from their army unto thee. What sayest thou to
this indictment. Art thou guilty, or not guilty?"

"My lord," quoth he, " I know not the meaning

of this indictment, forasmuch as I

, ,1 , . . , His pica.

am not the man concerned m it; the

man that standeth by this charge, accused before
this bench, is called by the name of Evil-question-
ing, which name I deny to be mine, mine being
Honest-iniiuiring. The one indeed sounds like the
other ; but I trow, your lordships know, that
between these two there is a wide difl'erence ; for I
hope that a man, even in the worst of times, and
tliat too amongst the worst of men, may make an
honest inquiry after things, without running the
danger of death."

Will. Then spake my Lord Will-be-will, for he
was one of the witnesses: " My lord, and you the
honouralJe bench, and magistrates of the town of
^lansoul, you all have heard with your ears that



the prisoner at the bar has denied his name, and
The Lord Will- ^° thinks to shift from the charge of
be-will's tes- the indictment. But I know him to
timony. ^^ ^-^^ ^^^^ Concerned, and that his
proper name is Evil-questioning. I have known
him, my lord, above this thirty years ; for he and
I — a shame it is for me to speak it — were great
acquaintance, when Diabolns, that tyrant, had the
government of Mansoul ; and I testify that he is a
Diabolonian by nature, and enemy to our Prince,
and a hater of the blessed town of Mansoul. He
has, in times of rebellion, been at, and lain in my
house, my lord, not so little as twenty nights
together ; and we did use to talk then, for the
substance of talk, as he, and his Doubters have
talked of late ; true I have not seen him many
a day. I suppose that the coming of Emmanuel
to Mansoul has made him to change his lodgings,
as this indictment has driven him to change his
name ; but this is the man my lord."

Then said the court unto him, " Hast thou any
more to say ?"

Evil. " Yes," quoth the old gentleman, " that I
have ; for all that as yet has been said against me,
is but by the mouth of one wtness, and it is not
lawful for the famous town of Mansoul, at the
mouth of one witness, to put any man to death.

Dilig. Then stood forth Mr. Diligence, and
said, " My Lord, as I was upon my watch such a
night, at the head of Bad Street, in this town,

I chanced to hear a muttering within this gentle-
man's house ; then thought I, what Mr. Diligence's
is to do here? So I went up testimony,
close, but very softly, to the side of the house, to
listen, thinking, as indeed it fell out, that there I
might light upon some Diabolonian conventicle.
So, as I said, I drew nearer and nearer, and when
I was got up close to the wall, it was but a while
before I perceived that there were outlandish
men in the house ; but I did well understand their
speech, for I have been a traveller myself. Now
hearing such language in such a tottering cottage
as this old gentleman dwelt in, I clapt mine ear to
a hole in the window, and there heard them talk
as followeth. This old Mr. Questioning asked
these Doubters what they were, whence they came,
and what was their business in these parts ? And
they told him to all these questions, yet he did
entertain them. He also asked what numbers
there were of them, and they told him ten thousand
men. He then asked them why they made no
more manly assault upon Mansoul ? And they
told him ; so he called their general coward lor
marching off when he should have fought for his
Prince. Further, this old Evil-questioning wished,
and I heard him wish, would all the ten thousand
Doubters were now in Mansoul, and himself in the
head of them. He bid them also to take heed and
lie quat, for if they were taken they must die,
although they had heads of gold."

Then said the court, " Mr. Evil-questioning,
here is now another witness against you, and his
testimony is full : 1. He swears that you did re-
ceive these men into your house, and that you did
nourish them there, though you knew that they
were Diabolonians, and the King's enemies. 2.
He swears that you did wish ten thousand of them
in Mansoul. 3. He swears that you did give
them advice to be quat and close lest they were
taken by the King's servants. AU which mani-
festeth that thou art a Diabolonian ; for hadst
thou been a friend to the King, thou wouldest
have apprehended them."

Evil. Then said Evil-questioning, " To the first
of these I answer, the men that came into mine
house were strangers, and I took them in, and is it
now become a crime in Mansoul for a man to
entertain strangers? That I did also nourish
them is true, and why should my charity be
blamed? As for the reason why I wished ten
thousand of them in Mansoul, I never told it to
the witnesses, nor to themselves. I might wish
them to be taken, and so my wish might mean
well to Mansoul, for aught that any yet knows. I
did also bid them take heed that they fell not
into the captain's hands ; but that might be because
I am unwilling that any man should be slain : and
not because I would have the King's enemies, as
such, escajie."

IVIy Lord Mayor then rephed, " That though it
was a virtue to entertain strangers, yet it was
treason to entertain the King's enemies. And for



what else thou hast said, thou dost by words but
hibour to evade, and defer the execution of judg-
ment. But could there be no more proved against
thee but tliat thou art a Diabolonian, thou must
for that die the death by the law ; but to be a
receiver, a nourisher, a countenancer, and a har-
bourer of others of them, yea, of outlandish Dia-
bolonians; yea, of them that came from far, on
purpose to cut off and destroy our Mausoul — this
must not be borne."

Then said Evil-questioning, " I sec how the
game will go ; I must die for my name, and for
my charity." And so he held his peace.

Then tliey called the outlandish Doubters to the
bar; and the first of them that was arraigned was
the Election-doubter; so his indictment was read,

The Election- and because he was an outlandish

doubter tried, man, the substance of it was told
him by an interpreter; to wit, that he was there
charged with being an enemy of Emmanuel the
Prince, a hater of the town of Mansoul, and an
opposer of her most wholesome doctrine.

Then the judge asked him if he would plead ?

CT- , But he said only this, that he con-

His plea. J y

fessed that he was an Election-
doubter, and that that was the religion that he
had ever been brought up in : and said, moreover,
" If I must die for my religion, I trow, I shall die
a martyr, and so I care the less."

Judge. Then it was repHed, " To question elec-
tion, is to overthrow a great doctrine of the gospel ;
to wit, the omniscience, and power, and will of
God ; to take away the liberty of God wath his
creature ; to stumble the faith of the town of Man-
soul ; and to make salvation to depend upon works,
and not upon grace. It also belied the word, and
disquieted the minds of the men of Mansoul ;
therefore, by the best of laws he must die."

Then was the Vocation -doubter called, and set

The Vocation- to the bar ; and his indictment for

doubter tried, substance was the same with the
other, only he was particularly charged with deny-
ing the calling of ]\Iansoul.

The judge asked him also what he had to say
for himself?

So he rei»]ied that he never believed that there
was any such thing as a distinct and powerful call
of God to Mansoul; otherwise than by the general
voice of the Word ; nor by that neither, otherwise
than as it exhorted them to forbear evil, and to
do that which is good, and in so doing, a promise
of happint'ss Ik annexed.

TIkmi Hai<l tlie Judge, " Thou art a Diabolonian :
and denied a great part of one of the most
experimental truths of the Prince of the town of
Mansoul ; for he has called, and she has heard a
most distinct and powerful call of her Emmanuel,
by which she has been quickened, awakened,
and possessed with heavenly grace to desire to
have communion with her Prince, to serve him,
and do his will, and to look for her liapjiiness
merely of his good pleasure. And for thine ab-

horrence of this good doctrine thou must die the

Then the Grace-doubter was called, and his in-
dictment was read ; and he replied The Grace-
thereto, that though he was of the doubter tried,
land of Doubting, his father was the offspring of
a Pharisee, and lived in good fashion among his
neighbours, and that he taught him to believe,
and believe it I do, and will, that Mansoul shall
never be saved freely by grace.

Then said the Judge, " Why, the law of the
Prince is plain: 1. Negatively, 'Not of works.*
2. Positively, ' By grace you are saved.' (Rom.
iii. Eph. ii.) And thy religion settleth in and
upon the works of the flesh ; for the works of the
law are the works of the flesh. Besides, in saying
as thou hast done, thou hast robbed God of his
glory, and given it to a sinful man ; thou hast
robbed Christ of the necessity of his undertaking,
and the sufficiency thereof, and hast given both
these to the works of the flesh. Thou hast despised
the work of the Holy Ghost, and hast magnified
the will of the flesh, and of the legal mind. Thoxi
art a Diabolonian, the son of a Diabolonian ; and
for thy Diabolonian principles thou must die."

The court then having proceeded thus far with
them, sent out the jury, who forthwith brought
them in guilty of death. Then stood up the Re-
corder, and addressed himself to the prisoners :
" You, the prisoners at the bar, you Their sentence
have been here indicted, and proved *° ^i®-
guilty of high crimes against Emmanuel our
Prince, and against the welfare of the famous town
of Mansoul ; crimes for which you must be put to
death ; and die ye accordingly."

So they were sentenced to the death of the cross.
The place assigned them for execu- ,j^^ pj^^g^ ^^
tion was that where Diabolus drew their death as-
up his last army against Mansoul ; signed.
save only that old Evil-questioning was hanged
at the top of Bad Street, just over against his own

When the town of Mansoul had thus far rid
themselves of their enemies, and of the troublers
of their peace, in the next place, a strict com-
mandment was given out, that yet my Lord Will-
be-will should, with Diligence his man, search for,
and do his best to apprehend, what town-Diabo-
lonians were yet left alive in Mansoul. The names
of several of them were : Mr. Fooling, Mr. Let-
good-slip, Mr. Slavish-fear, Mr. No-love, Mr. Mis-
trust, Mr. Flesh, and Mr. Sloth. It was also
commanded that he should apprehend Mr. Evil-
questioning's children that he left behind him,
and that they should demolish his house. The
children that he left behind were these : Mr. Doubt,
and he was his eldest son ; the next to him was
Legal-life, Unbelief, Wrong-thoughts-of-Christ,
Clip-promise, Carnal-sense, Live-by-feeling, Self-
love. All these he had by one wife, and her name
was No-hope. She was the kinswoman of old
Incredulity ; for he was her uncle, and, when her



father, old Dark, was dead, he took her, and
brought her up ; and, when she was marriageable,
he gave her to this old Evil-questioning to wife.

Now, the Lord Will-be -will did put into exe-
cution his commission, with great Diligence, his
man. He took Fooling in the streets, and hanged
him up in Want-wit-alley, over against his own
Fooling house. This Fooling was he that
taken. would have had the town of Man-
soul deliver up Captain Credence into the hands of
Diabolus, provided that then he would have with-
drawn his force out of the town. He also took
Mr. Let-good-slip one day as he was busy in the
market, and executed him according to law. Now,
there was an honest poor man in Mansoid, and his
name was Mr. Meditation, one of no great account
in the days of apostacy, but now of repute with the
best of the town. This man, therefore, they were
willing to prefer ; now Mr. Let-good-slip had a
great deal of wealth heretofore in Mansoul, and at
Emmanuel's coming it was sequestered to the use
of the Prince ; this, therefore, was now given to
Mr. Meditation, to improve for the common good,
and after him to his son, Mr. Think-well ; this
Think-well he had by Mrs- Piety, his wife, and she
was the daughter of Mr. Recorder,

After this my Lord apprehended Clip-promise,
now because he was a notorious villain, for by his
doings much of the King's coin was abused, there-
fore he was made a public example. He was
arraigned and judged to be first set in the piUory,
then to be whipt by all the children and servants
in Mansoul, and then to be hanged till he was
dead. Some may wonder at the severity of this
man's punishment, but those that are honest traders
in Mansoul, are sensible of the great abuse that
one clipper of pi'omises in little time may do to the
town of Mansoul. And, truly, my judgment is,
that all those of his name and life should be served
even as he.

He also apprehended Carnal-sense, and put him
in hold ; but how it came about I cannot tell, but
he brake prison and made his escape. Yea, and
the bold villain will not yet quit the town, but
lurks in the Diabolonian dens a days, and haunts
like a ghost honest men's houses a nights. Where-
fore there was a proclamation set up in the market-
place in Mansoul, signifying that whosoever should
discover Carnal -sense, and apprehend him and slay
him, should be admitted daily to the Prince's table,
and should be made keeper of the treasure of
Mansoul. Many, therefore, did bend themselves
to do this thing, but take him and slay him they
could not, thougli often he was discovered.

But my Lord took Mr. Wrong -thoughts -of-
Christ, and put him in prison, and he died there,
though it was long first, for he died of a lingering

Self-love was also taken and committed to cus-

Self-love tody ; but there were many that

taken. were allied to him in Mansoul, so

his judgment was deferred, but at last Mr. Self-

denial stood up and said, if such villains as these
may be winked at in Mansoul, I wiU lay down my
commission. He also took him from the crowd,
and had him among his soldiers, and there he was
brained. But some in Mansoul muttered at it,
though none durst speak plainly, because Em-
manuel was in town. But this brave act of Cap-
tain Self-denial came to the Prince's ears, so he
sent for him, and made him a lord captain ggif.
in Mansoul. My Lord Will-be-will denial made a
also obtained great commendations °'^ "

of Emmanuel for what he had done for the town of

Then my Lord Self-denial took courage, and set
to pursuing of the Diabolonians with my Lord
Will-be-wiU ; and they took Live -by-feeling, and
they took Legal-life, and put them in hold till they
died. But Mr, Unbehef Avas a nimble jack, him
they could never lay hold of, though they at-
tempted to do it often. He, therefore, and some
few more of the subtilest of the Diabolonian tribe,
did yet remain in Mansoul, to the time "that Man-
soul left off to dwell any longer in the kingdom of
Universe, But they kept them to their dens and
holes ; if one of them did appear or happen to be
seen in any of the streets of the town of Mansoul,
the whole town would be up in arms after them,
yea the very children in Mansoul would cry out
after them as after a thief, and would wish that
they might stone them to death with stones.
And now did Mansoul arrive to some good degree

of peace and quiet, her Prince also „, „

,.,^ ,., . , . n , T 1 The peace of

did abide withm her borders, her Mansoul, she

Captains also, and her soldiers did minds her

their duties, and Mansoul minded

her trade that she had with the country that was

afar off; also she was busy in her manufacture.

(Isa. xxxiii. 17. Phil. iii. 20. Prov. xxxi.)

When the town of Mansoul had thus far rid
themselves of so many of their enemies, and the
troublers of their peace, the Prince sent to them,
and appointed a day wherein he would at the
market-place meet the whole people, and there give
them in charge concerning some further matters,
that if observed, would tend to their further safety
and comfort, and to the condemnation and destruc-
tion of their home-bred Diabolonians. So the day
appointed was come, and the townsmen met to-
gether ; Emmanuel also came down in his chariot,
and all his captains in their state attending of him,
on the right hand and on the left. Then was an
O yes made for silence, and after some mutual
carriages of love, the Prince began, and thus pro-
ceeded :

" You, my Mansoul, and the beloved of mine
heart, many and great are the pri- Emmanuel's
vileges that I have bestowed upon speech to Man-
you ; I have singled you out from ^°" '

others, and have chosen you to myself, not for
your worthiness, but for mine own sake. I have
also redeemed you, not only from the dread of my
Father's law, but from the hand of Diabolus. This



I have done because I loved yon, and because I
have set my heart upon you to do you good. I
have also, that all things that might hinder thy
way to the pleasures of paradise might be taken
out of the way, laid down for thee, for thy soul,
a plenary satisfaction, and have bought thee to
myself; a price, not of corruptible things, as of
silver and gold, but a price of blood, mine own
blood, which I have freely spilt upon the ground
to make thee mine. So I have reconciled thee,

my Mansoul, to my Father, and intrusted thee
in the mansion-houses that are with mj' Father in
the royal city where things are, my Mansoul,
that eye hath not seen, nor hath entered into the
heart of man to conceive.

" Besides, my Mansoul, thou seest what I have
done, and how I have taken thee out of the hands
of thine enemies ; unto whom thou hast deeply
revolted from my Father, and by whom thou wast
content to be possessed, and also to be destroyed.

1 came to thee first by my law, then by my gospel,
to awaken thee, and show thee my glory. And
thou knowest what thou wast, what thou saidst,
what thou didst, and how many times thou re-
belledst against my Father and me; yet I left thee
not ; as thou seest this day, but came to thee, have
borne thy manners, have waited upon thee, and
after all accepted of thee, even of my mere grace
and favour ; and would not suffer thee to be lost,
as thou most willingly wouldst have been. I also
compassed thee about, and afflicted thee on every
side, that I might make thee weary of thy ways,
and bring down thy heart with molestation to a
willingness to close with thy good and happiness.
And when I had gotten a complete conquest over
thee, I turned it to thy advantage.

" Thou seest also what a company of my Father's
host I have lodged within thy borders — captains
and rulers, soldiers and men of war, engines and
excellent devices to subdue and Ijring down thy
foes ; thou knowest my meaning, O Mansoul. And
they are my servants, and thine too, Mansoul.
Yea, my design of possessing of thee with them,
and the natural tendency of each of them is to
defend, purge, strengthen, and sweeten thee for
myself, O Mansoul, and to make thee meet for my
Father's presence, blessing, and glory; for thou,
my Mansoul, art created to be prepared unto

" Thou seest, moreover, my Mansoul, how I have
passed by thy backslidings, and have healed thee.
Indeed I was angry with thee, but I have turned
mine anger away from thee, because I loved thee
still, and nunc anger and mine indignation is ceased
in the destruction of thine enemies, Mansoul.
Nor did thy f^'oodiiess fetch mo again unto thee,
after that I for thy trans:,'resrti(>n8 have hid my
face, ami withdrawn my jiresonce from thee. The
way of backsliding was thine, but the way and
means of thy recovery was mine. I invented the
means of thy return ; it was I that made an hedge
and a wall, when thou wast beginning to turn to

things in which I delighted not. It was I that
made thy sweet, bitter ; tliy day, night; thy smooth
ways thorny ; and that also confounded all that
sought thy destruction. It was I that set Mr.
Godly-fear to work in Mansoul. It was I that
stirred up thy conscience and understanding, thy
will and thy affections, after thy great and woful
decay. It was I that put life into thee, O Man-
soul, to seek me, that thou mightest find me, and
in thy finding, find thine own health, happiness,
and salvation. It was I that fetched the second
time the Diabolonians out of Mansoul ; and it was
I that overcame them, and that destroyed them
before thy face.

" And now, my Mansoiil, I am returned to thee
in peace, and thy transgressions against me are
as if they had not been. Nor shall it be with thee
as in former days, but I will do better for thee
than at thy beginning. For yet a little while, O
my Mansoul, even after a few more times are gone
over thy head, I will — but be not thou troubled at
what I say — I will take down this famous town of
Mansoul, stick and stone to the ground. (1 Chron.
xxix. 30.) And will carry the stones thereof, and the
timber thereof, and the walls thereof, and the dust
thereof, and the inhabitants thereof, into mine own
country, even into the kingdom of my Father ; and
will there set it up in such strength and glory, as
it never did see in the kingdom where now it is
placed. I will even there set it up for my Father's
habitation, for, for that purpose it was at first
erected in the kingdom of Universe; and there will
I make it a spectacle of wonder, a monument of
mercy, and the admirer of its own mercy. Thei*e
shall the natives of Mansoul see all that of which
they have seen nothing here ; there shall they be
equal to those unto whom they have been inferior
here. And there shalt thou, O my INIansoul, have
such communion with me, with my Father, and
with your Lord Secretary, as is not possible here
to be enjoyed, nor ever could be, shouldest thou
live in Universe the space of a thousand years.

" And there, O my Mansoul, thou shalt be afraid
of murderers no more ; of Diabolonians and their
threats no more. There, there shall be no more
plots, nor contrivances, nor designs against thee,
O my IMansouI. There thou shalt no more hear
the evil tidings, or the noise of the Diabolonian
drum. There thou shalt not see the Diabolo-
nian standard-bearers, nor yet behold Diabolus his
standard. No Diabolonian mount shall be cast up
against thee there, nor shall there the Diabolonian
standard be set up to make thee afraid. There
thou shalt not need captains, engines, soldiers, and
men of war. There thou shalt meet with no
sorrow, nor grief, nor shall it be possible that any
Dialxilonian should again, for ever, be able to creep
into thy skirts, burrow in thy walls, or be seen
again within thy borders all the days of eternity.
Life shall there last longer than here you are able
to desire it should, and yet it shall always be sweet
and new.nor shall any impodiment attend it forever.



" There, Mansoiil, fhou shalt meet with many
of those that have been like thee, and that have
been partakers of thy sorrows; even such as I have
chosen, and redeemed and set apart as thou for
my Father's court and city royal. All they will
be glad in thee, and thou, when thou seest them,
shall be glad in thine heart.

" There are things, O Mansoul, even things of
thy Father's pi'oviding and mine, that never were
seen since the beginning of the world, and they
are laid up with my Father, and sealed up among
his treasures for thee, till thou shalt come thither
to enjoy them. I told you before that I would
remove my Mansoul, and set it up elsewhere ; and

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