John Bunyan.

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2 Chron. iii. 14. Heb. ix. 8.)

2. The veil was a type of two things.

(1.) Of these visible heavens, through which
Christ passed when he went to make intercession for
us. And as by the veil, the priest went out of the
sight of the people when he went into the holiest
of all, so Jesus Christ when he ascended, was by
the heavens, that great and stretched out curtain,
received out of the sight of his people here. Also
by the same curtain, since it is become as a tent
for him to dwell in, he is still received, and still
kept out of our sight : for now we see him not,
nor shall, until these heavens be rolled together as
a scroll, and pass away like a thing rolled together.
(Isa. xl. 22. Acts i. 9—11 ; iii. 19—21. 1 Pet. i. 8.)

(2.) This is that veil through which the Apostle
saith Jesus, as a forerunner for us, entered into
the presence of God. For by veil here also must
be meant the heavens, or outspread firmament
thereof; as both Mark and Peter says, "He is
gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of
God." (Mark xvi. 19. 1 Pet. iii. 22.)

(3.) The veil of the temple was made of blue, the
very colour of the heavens. Of purple, and crim-
son, and scarlet also, which are the colour of many
of the clouds : because of the reflections of the
sun. But again,

(4.) The veil was also a type of the body of
Christ. For as the veil of the temple, when
whole, kept the view of the things of the holiest
from us, but when rent, gave place to man to look
in unto them; even so the body of Christ, while
whole, kept the things of the holiest from that
view we, since he was pierced, have of them.
Hence we are said to enter into the holiest, by
faith, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh.
(Heb. x. 19—22.) But yet, I say, all' is by faith ;
and indeed the rending of the veil that day that
Christ was crucified, did loudly preach this to us.
For no sooner was the body of Christ pierced, but
the veil of the temple rent in twain from the top

to the bottom : and so a way was made for a
clearer sight of what was there beyond it, both in
the type and autitvpe. (Matt, xxvii. 50 — 53.
Heb. x. 19, 20.)

Thus you see that the veil of the temple was a
type of these visil)le heavens, and also of the body
of Christ; of the first, because he passed through it
unto the Father; of the second, because we by it
have boldness to come to the Father.

I read also of two other veils : as of that spread
over the face of IMoses, to the end the children of
Israel should not steadfastly behold, and of the lirst
veil of the tabernacle. But of these I shall not in
this place speak.

Upon the veil of the temple there were also the
figures of cherubims wrought, that is, of angels ;
to show that as the angels are with us here, and
wait upon us all the days of our pilgrimage in this
world : so, when we die, they stand ready, even at
the veil, at the door of these heavens, to come
when bid, to fetch us, and carry us away into
Abrahams bosom. (Luke xvi. 22.)

The veil, then, thus understood, teaches us first
where Jesus is, namely, not here, but gone into
heaven, from whence we should wait for him.
It also teaches us, that if we would even now
discern the glories that are in the holiest of all, we
must look through Jesus to them, even through
the veil, "that is to say, his flesh." Yea, it teaches
us that we may, by faith through him, attain to a
kind of a presence, at least of the beauty and
sweetness of them.

LVIII. Of the doors of the inner Temple.

1. Besides the veil, there was a door to the
inner temple, and that door was ruade of olive-
tree ; " and for the entering in of the oracle, he
made doors of olive-tree. The two doors also of
olive-tree, and he carved upon them cherubims,
and palm-trees, and open flowers, and overlaid
them with gold, and spread gold upon the cheru-
bims, and upon the palm-trees." (1 Kings vi. 31.)

2. These doors were a type of the gate of
heaven, even of that which lets into the eternal
mansion-house that is beyond that veil. I told
you before, that the veil was a type of the visible
heavens, which God has spread out as a curtain,
and through which Christ went, when he ascended
to the right hand of the Father.

3. Now beyond this veil, as I said, I find a
door, a gate opening with two leaves, as afore we
found at the door of the outward temple. These
are they which the Psalmist calls to, when he
saith, " Lift up your heads, ye gates, even lift
them up ye everlasting doors, and the king of
glory shall come in." (Ps. xxiv. 7, 9.)

4. The doors of the temple were made oi fir,
but these, as you see, were made of olive : to show
us by that fat tree, that rich type, with what glory
we shall meet, who shall be counted worthy to
enter at these catcs. The olive-tree has its name



from the oil and fatness of its nature, and the
doors that let into the hoHest were made of this

5. Cherubims were also carved upon these doors,
to show, that as the angels met us at the temple-
door, and as they wait uj^on us iu the temple, and
fitand also ready at the veil, so even at the gate of
the mansion-house, they will be also ready to give
us a welcome thither, and to attend us into the

6. Palm-trees also, as they were carved upon
the temple -doors, so we also find them here before
the oracle, upon the doors that let in thither. To
show that as Christ gave us the victory at our first
entering into faith, so he wiU finish that victory, by
giving of us eternal salvation. Thus is he tl.e
author and finisher of our faith. For as sure as
at first we received the palm-branch by faith, so
surely shall we wear it in our hands, as a token of
his faithfulness in the heaven of heavens, for ever.
(Rev. vii. 9.)

7. Open flowers are also carved here, to show
that Christ, who is the door to glory, as well as
the door to grace, will be precious to us at our
entering in thither, as well as at the first step we
took thitherward in a sinful miserable world.
Christ will never lose his sweet scent in the
nostrils of his church. He is most sweet now,
will be so at death, and sweetest of all, when by
him we shall enter into that mansion-house pre-
pared for us in heaven.

8. The palm-trees and open flowers may also
be a type of the precious ones of God, who shall
be counted worthy of his kingdom : the one, of the
uprightness of their hearts ; the other, of the good
savour of their fives. " The upright shall dwell in
thy presence ; and to him that ordereth his conver-
sation aright, I will show the salvation of God."
(Ps. cxl. 13 ; 1. 23.)

9. Thus sweet on earth, sweet in heaven ; and
he that yields the fruit of the gospel here, shall
find it for himself, and his eternal comfort, at the
gates of glory.

10. All these were overlaid with gold, as you
may say, and so they were at the door of the first
house. True, but observe here we have an addi-
tion. Here is gold upon gold. Gold laid on them,
and then gold spread upon that. He overlaid
them with gold, and then spread gold upon them.
The Lord gives grace and glory. (Ps. Ixxxiv. 11.)
Gold and gold. Gold spread upon gold. Grace
is gold in the leaf, and glory is gold in plates.
Grace is thin gold. Glory is gold that is thick.
Here is gold laid on, and gold sjiread upon that.
And that both upon the palm-trees and the cheru-
bims. Gold upon the palm-trees, that is, on the
saints ; Gold upon the cherubims, that is, upon the
angels. For I doubt not but that the angels
themselves shah receive additional glory for the
service which they have served Christ and his
church on earth.

11. The angels are God's harvest men, and


doubtless he will give them good wages, even
glory upon their glory then. (Matt. xiii. 38, 39 ;
xxiv. 31. John iv. 36.)

12, You know harvest-men use to be paid well
for gathering in the corn, and I doubt not but so
shall these, when the great ingathering is over.
But what an entrance into life is here ? Here is
gold upon gold at the door, at our first step into
the kingdom.

LIX. Of tilt golden nails of the inner Temple.

I shall not concern myself with all the nails of
the temple, as of those made with iron, &c.
(1 Chron. xxii. 3,) but only with the golden ones,
of which you read, 2 Chron, iii. 4, where he saith,
" And the weight of the nails was fifty shekels of
gold," These nails, as I conceive, were all fastened
to the place most holy, and of form most apt to
that of which they were a figure.

1. Some of them represented Christ Jesus our
Lord, as fixed in his mediatory office in the
heavens ; wherefore in one place, when the Holy
Ghost speaks of Christ, as he sprang from Judah
to be a Mediator, saith, " Out of him came the
corner," the corner-stone, " out of him the nails."
(Zech. X. 4.) Now, since he is here compared to
a nail, a golden nail, it is to show, that as a nail,
by driving, is fixed in his place, so Christ by God's
oath is made an everlasting priest. (Heb, vii. 25.)
Therefore, as he saith again, the nail, the Aaronical
priesthood, that was fastened in a sure place,
should be removed, be cut down, and fall ; so he
who has the key of David, which is Christ, (Rev.
iii. 7,) shall by God, as a nail, be fastened in £t
sure place, and abide ; therefore he says again,
" And he shall be for a glorious throne," or mercy-
seat, "to his Father's house." And moreover,
that " they shah hang on him," as on a nail, " all
the glory of his Father's house, the offspring, and
the issue, all vessels of small quantity, from the
vessels of cUps, even to the vessels of flagons."
According to that which is written, " And they
sang a new song" fo the Lamb that was slain,
"saying. Thou art worthy," &c. (Isa. xxii. 20
—25. Rev. V. 9—12.)

And therefore it is again that Christ under the
similitude of a nail, is accounted by saints indeed
their great pledge or hope, as he is in heaven, of
their certain coming thither. Hence they said of
old, " God has given us a nail in his holy place ;"
" A nail," says the li^ve, " a pin, a constant and
sure abode," says the margin. (Ezra ix. 8.) Now
this nail in his holy place, as was showed before, is
Christ; Christ, as possessed of heaven, and as
abiding and ever living therein for us. Hence he
is called, as there, our head, our life, and our sal-
vation ; and also we are said there to be set down
together in him, (Eph. i. 23. Col. iii. 3. Eph. ii.

2. Some of these nails were types of the holy
vrords of God, which for ever are settled in heaven.




Types, I say, of their yea, and amen. Hence
Solomon in another place compares the ^A'ords of
the wise God " to goads and nails, fastened by the
masters of the assemblies, which are given from
one shepherd." (Eccles. xii. 11.)

They are called goads, because, as such prick
the oxen on in their drawing, so God's words
prick Christians on in their holy duties. They are
called nails, to show that as nails, when fastened
well in a sure place, are not easily removed ; so
God's words, by his will, stand firm for ever. The
masters of the assemblies are, first the apostles.
The one shepherd is Jesus Christ. Hence the
gospel of Christ is said to be everlasting, to abide
for ever, and to be more steadfast than heaven and
earth. (Isa. xl. 6—8. 1 Pet. i. 24, 25. Heb.
xviii. 20. Rev. xiv. 6. Matt. xxiv. 35.) The
Lord Jesus, then, and his holy words, are the
golden nails of the temple, and the fixing of these
nails in the temple was to show that Christ is the
same to-day, yesterday, and for ever ; and that
his words abide, and remain the same for ever and
ever. He then that hath Christ, has a nail in the
holiest ; he that hath a promise of salvation hath
also a nail in heaven, a golden nail in heaven.

LX. Of the floor and walls of the inner Temple.

1. The floor of the oracle was overlaid with
cedar, and so also were the walls of this house.
" He built twenty cubits on the sides of the house,
both the floor and the walls with boards of cedar.
He even built for it within, for the oracle, for the
most holy place." (1 Kings xvi. IG.)

2. In that he doth tell us with what it was
ceiled, and doth also thus repeat, saying, " for the
oracle, for it within, even for the most holy place ; "
it is because he would have it noted, that this only
is the place that thus was done.

3. Twenty cubits, that was the length, and
breadth, and height of the house ; so that by his
thus saying, he teacheth that thus it was builded
round about.

4. The cedar is, if I mistake not, the highest
of the trees. (Ezek. xxxi. 3 — 8.) Now in that it
is said the house, the oracle, was ceiled round
about therewith, it may be to show that in hea-
ven, and nowhere else, is the height of all per-
fections. Perfection is in the church on earth, but
not such as is in heaven.

(1.) There is a natural perfection, and so a
penny is as natural silver as is a shilling.
(2.) There is a comparative perfection, and so one
thing may be perfect and imperfect at the same
time ; as a hali'-crown is more than a shilling, yet
less than a crown. (3.) There is also that which
we call the utmost perfection, and that is it which
cannot be added to, or taken from him ; and so God
only is perfect. Now, heavenly glury is that
which goes beyond all perfection on the earth, as
the cedar goes beyond all trees for height. Hence
Gud, wlien lie .spealis of his own exeeUency, sets it

forth by its height. The high God
high, and the high and lofty One
highest. (Ps. xcvii. 9 ; cxxxviii. 6.
19—21. Dan. iii. 26: v. 18. Ps.

the most
and the

Ixxxv. 7. Luke i. 32
2 : xcii. 1. Isa. xiv,

Gen. xiv.
xviii. 13 ;
vi. 35. Ps. ix. 2; Ivi.
14.) These terms also are
ascribed to this house, for that it was the place
where utmost perfection dwelt.

I take, therefore, the cedar in this place to be a
note of perfection, even the cedar with which this
house was ceiled. For since it is the wisdom of
God to speak to us ofttimes by trees, gold, silver,
stones, beasts, fowls, fishes, spiders, ants, frogs,
flies, lice, dust, &c., and here by wood ; how should
we by them understand his voice, if we count
there is no meaning in them ? "And the cedar of
the house within was carved with knops and
flowers ; all was cedar ; there was no stone seen."
(1 Kings vi. 18.)

Knops and flowers were they with which the
golden candlestick was adorned, as you read,
Exod, XXV. 33, 35; xxxvii. 10, 21. The candle-
stick was a type of the church, and the knops and
flowers a type of her ornaments. But what 1
heaven be hanged round about with the orna-
ments of saints I with the fruits of their graces !
Well, it is certain that something more than
ordinary must be done with them, since they are
admitted to follow them into the holy place. (Rev.
xiv. 13 ;) and since it is said they shall have a far
more exceeding and eternal weight of glory be-
stowed on them, for them in the heavens. (2 Cor.
iv. 16, 17.)

" All was cedar ; there was no stone seen."
Take stone in the type for that which was really
so, and in the antitype, for that which is so mysti-
cally, and then it may import to us, that in
heaven, the antitype of this holiest, there shall
never be anything of hardness of heart in thein
that possess it for ever. All imperfection ariset'i
from the badness of the heart, but there will be no
bad hearts in glory. No shortness in knowledge,
no crossness of disposition, no workings of lusts nr
corruptions will be there, no not throughout the
whole heavens. Here, alas I they are seen, and
that in the best of saints, because here our light
is mixed with darkness, but there will be no night
there, nor any stone seen.

" And the floor of the house was overlaid with
gold." (1 Kings vi. 30.) This is like that of
which we read of the New Jerusalem that is to
come from God out of heaven ; says the text,
" The street of the city was pure gold ;" and hke
that of which you read in Exodus : " They saw
under the feet of the God of Israel, as it were a
paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the
body of heaven in its clearness." (Rev. xxi. 21.
Exod. xxiv. 10.) All the visions were rich, but
this the richest, that the floor of the house should
be covered, or overlaid with gold. The floor and
street are walking places, and how rich will our
steps be then I Alas I here we sometimes step



into the mire, and then again stumble upon blocks
and stones. Here we sometimes fall into holes,
and have our heel often catched in a snare ; but
there will be none of these. Gold ! gold I all will
be gold, and golden perfections when we come
into the holy place. Job at best took but his steps
in butter, but we then shall take all our steps in
the gold of the sanctuary.

LXI. Of the ark of the covenant, which was placed
in the inner Temple.

In the Word I read of three arks ; to wit, Noah's
ark, that in which Moses was hid, and the ark of
the covenant of God. (Gen. vi. 14. Exod. ii. 3, 5.)
But it is the ark of the covenant of which I shall
n w speak.

" The ark was made of shittim-wood ; two
cubits and a-half was the length thereof, and one
cubit and a-half the breadth thereof, and a cubit
and a-half the height thereof. It was overlaid with
pure gold within and without, and a crown of gold
was made for it round about." (Exod. xxv. 10, 11.)

1. This ark was called the ark of the covenant,
as the first that you read of was called Noah's,
because, as he in that was kept from being drowned,
so the tables of the covenant were kept in this
from breaking.

2. This ark, in this, was a type of Christ ; for
that in him only, and not in the hand of Moses,
these tables were kept whole. Moses brake them,
the ark keeps them.

3. Not only that wrote on two tables of stone,
but that also called the ceremonial, was put into
the ark to be kept. The two tables were put
into the midst of the ark, to answer to this : thy
law is within my heart to do it. But the cere-
monial was put into the side of the ark, to show,
that out of the side of Christ must come that which
must answer that. For out thence came blood and
water ; blood, to answer the blood of the ceremo-
nies, and water, to answer the purifyings and
rinsings of that law. The ceremonies, therefore,
were lodged in the side of the ark, to show that
they should be answered out of the side of Jesus
Christ. (Exod. xxv. 16, 17. Deut. x. 5; xxxi. 26.
Ps. xl. 8. John xix. 34. Heb. x. 7.)

4. The ark had the name of God put upon it ;
yea, it was called the strength of God, and his
glory, though made of wood. And Christ is God
both in name and nature, though made flesh ; yea
more, made to be sin for us. (2 Sam. vi. 2. 1
Chron. xiii. 6. 2 Chron. vi. 1. John i. 14. Rom.
ix. 5. 2 Cor. v. 21.)

5. The ark was carried upon men's shoulders
this way and that, to show how Christ should be
carried and preached by his apostles and ministers
into all parts of the world. (Exod. xxv. 14. 1
Chron. xv. 15. Matt, xxvii. 19, 20. Luke xxiv.
46, 47.)

6. The ark had those testimonies of God's
presence accompanying it, as had no other cere-

mony of the law ; and Christ had those signs and
tokens of his presence with him, as never had man
either in law or gospel. This is so apparent it needs
no proof. And now for a few comparisons more.

(1.) It was at that that God answered the
people, when they were wont to come to inquire
of him ; and in these last days God has spoken to
us by his Son. (1 Chron. xiii. 3. 1 Sam. xiv. 18.
Heb. i. 2. John xvi. 23, 24.)

(2.) At the presence of the ark the waters of
Jordan stood still, till Israel, the ransomed of the
Lord, passed over from the wilderness to Canaan ;
and it is by the power and presence of Christ that
we pass over death, Jordan's antitype, from the
wilderness of this world to heaven. (Josh. iii. 15 —
17. John xi. 25. Rom. viii. 37—39. 1 Cor. xv.

(3.) Before the ark the walls of Jericho fell
down ; and at the presence of Christ shall all high
towers, and strongholds, and hiding-places for
sinners be razed, and dissolved at his coming.
(Josh. vi. 20. Isa. xxx. 25; ii. 10, 16. 2 Pet. iii.
10. Rev. XX. 11—13.)

(4.) Before the ark Dagon fell, that idol of the
Philistines ; and before Christ Jesus devils fell,
those gods of all those idols. " And he must
reign till all his enemies be jiut under his feet ;
and until they be made his footstool." (1 Sam. v.
1—4. Mark v. 12. 1 Cor. xv. 25. Heb. x. 13.)

(5.) The Philistines were also plagued for
meddling with the ark, while they abode uncir-
cumcised ; and the wicked will one day be most
severely plagued for their meddling with Christ,
with their uncircumcised hearts. (1 Sam. v. 6 — 13.
Ps. 1. 6. Matt. xxiv. 51 ; xxv. 11, 12. Luke xiii.

(6.) God's blessing was upon those that enter-
tained the ark as they should ; and much more is,
and will his blessing be upon those that so embrace
and entertain his Christ, and profess his name
sincerely. (2 Sam. vi. 11. Acts iii. 26. Gal. iii.
13, 14. Matt. xix. 27—29. Luke xxii. 28, 29.)

(7.) When Uzzah put forth his hand to stay the
ark, when the oxen shook it, as despairing of
God's protecting of it without a human help, he
died before the Lord; even so will all those do,
without repentance, who use unlawful means to
promote Christ's religion, and to support it in the
world. (1 Chron. xiii. 9, 10. Matt. xxvi. 52. Rev.
xiii. 10.)

(8.) The ark, though thus dignified, was of
itself, but low ; but a cubit and a half high ; also
Christ, though he was the glory of heaven and of
God, yet made himself of no reputation, and was
found in the likeness of a man. (Exod. xxv. 11,
12. Phil. ii. 6—11.)

(9.) The ark had a crown of gold round about
it, to show how Christ is crowned by his saints by
faith, and shall be crowned by them in glory, for
all the good he hath done for them, as also how all
crowns shall one day stoop to him, and be set upon
his head. This is showed in the type. (Zech. vi

s 2



11 — 14,) and in the antitvpe. (Rev, iv. 10;
xix. 12.)

(10.) The ark was overhiid with gold witliin
and without, to show that Christ was perfect in
inward grace and outward hfe, in spirit and in
righteousness. (John i, 14. 1 Pet. ii. 22.)

(11.) The ark was placed under the mercy -seat,
to show that Jesus Christ, as Redeemer, brings and
bears, as it were upon his shoulders, the mercy
of God to us, even in the body of his flesh, through
death. (Exod. xxv. 21. Eph. iv. 22; v. 1, 2.)

(12.) AVhen the ark was removed far from the
people, the godly went mourning after it; and
when Christ is hid, or taken from us, then we
mourn in those days. (2 Sam. vii. 2. Mark ii. 19,
20. Luke V. 34, 35. John xvi. 20—22.)

(13.) All Israel had the ark again, after their
mourning-time was over ; and Christ, after his
people have sorrowed for him awhile, will see
them again, " and their hearts shall rejoice."
(John xvi. 1—3, 20—22.)

By all these things, and many more that might
be mentioned, it is most evident that the ark of the
testimony was a type of Jesus Christ ; and take
notice a little of that which follows, namely, that
the ark at last arrived to the place most holy.
(Heb. ix. 3, 4.) That is, after its wanderings ; for
the ark was first made to wander, like a non-
inhabitant, from place to place ; now hither, and
then thither ; now in the hands of enemies, and
then abused by friends; yea, it was caused to rove
from place to jilace, as that of which the world w^as
weary. I need instance to you for proof, none
other place than the 5th, 6th, and 7th chapters of
the first book of Samuel ; and, answerable to this,
was our dear Lord Jesus posted backwards and
forwards, hither and thither, by the force of the
rage of his enemies. 1. He was hunted into Egypt
80 soon as he was born. (Matt, ii.) (2.) Then he
was driven to live in Galilee the space of many
years. 3. Also, when he showed himself to Israel,
they drove him sometimes into the wilderness,
sometimes into the desert, sometimes into the sea,
and sometimes into the mountains, and still in
every one of these places he was either haunted or
hunted by new enemies.

And last of all, the Pharisees plot for his life,
Judas sells him, the priests buy him, Peter denies
him, bis enemies mock, scourge, buffet, and much
abuse him. In fine, they get him condemned, and
crucified, and buried; but at last God commanded,
and took him to his i)lacc, even within the veil, and
Bets him to bear up the mercy-seat, where he is to

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