John Bunyan.

The holy war made by King Shaddai upon Diabolus, to regain the metropolis of the world; or, The losing and taking again of the town of Mansoul .. online

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s:fie awtetroiJolis ni the 212^orlti.


Author of " The Pilgrim's Progress,'' <^c. t^c.

With Explanatory, Experimental, and Practical Notes.


Author of Village Sermons, Kotes on Pilgrim's Progress, ^-c



122 Chestnut Street— near 4th.




Some say the piigrim's progress is not mine,

Insinuating as if I would shine

In name and fame by the wor*h of another,

Like some made rich by robbing of their brother":

Or that, so fond I am of being sire,

I'll father bastards, or, if need require,

I'll tell a lie in print to get applause:

I scorn it; John such dirt-heap never was

Since God converted him. Let this suffice

To show why I my Pilgrim patronize.

It came from mine own heart; so to my head.
And thence into my fingers tickled;
Then to ray pen, from whence immediately
On paper I did dribble it daintily.

Manner and matter too were all mine own.
Nor was it unto any mortal known
Till I had done it. Nor did any then
My books, by wits, by tongues, or hand or pen
Add five words to it, or write half a line;
Therefore, the whole, and every whit is mine.

Also for this, thine eye is now upon,
The matter in this manner came from none
But the same heart, and head, fingers, and pen.
As did the others. Witness all good men:
For none in all the world without 2 lie,
Can say that this is mine excepting I.

I write not this of any ostentation,
Nor 'cause I seek of men their commendation;
I do it to keep them from such surmise,
As tempt them will my name to scandalize;
Witness my name, if anagram'd to thee.
The letters make Nu hony in a B.



Mr Buntak was a wonderful man. Called by divine grace
out of a state of ignorance, vice, and obscurity, he became, \yith-
out the aid of human culture, a most useful minister of the
gospel, and a very eminent writer: — a writer so eminent, that
though he has been dead more than a century, his works still
live, and are deservedly popular; particularly his allegorical
works— the Pilgrim's Progress and the Holy War. Few bookf
have ever been so often printed, or so much admired as the for
mer. In that charming work, the christian life is represented
under the figure of a journey, and the pilgrim is conducted
through a thousand remarkable incidents, from his native city
of Destruction, to Heaven, the city of God. In the Holy War,
the same subject is treated in a military manner. The fall and
recovery of man are represented by two remarkable revolutions
in the town of Mansoul. The human soul is figuratively con-
sidered as a beautiful and prosperous town, seduced from its
obedience to Shaddai, its builder and governor, by the strata-
gems of Diabolus, his inveterate enemy; but the town, after a
tedious war, is again recovered by the victorious arms of Imman-
uel, the king's son. This military view of the subject is
strictly consonant with the sacred scriptures, M'hich represent
the christian life as a warfare, Christ as a captain, the believer
as a soldier of Jesus Christ, the preaching^of the gospel as the
weapons of the holy war, and the graces of the Spirit as so many
parts of the heavenly armour. Mr Bunyan was better qualified
than most ministers to treat this subject with propriety, having
himself been a soldier; and knowing, by experience, the arts
and the hardships of war. Indeed, he has conducted the whole
work with singular ingenuity and skill. He displays through-
out, his accurate knowledge of the Bible and its distinguishing
doctrines; his deep acquaintance with the heart; and its desper-
ate wickedness; his knowledge of the devices of Satan, and of
the prejudices of the carnal mind against the gospel. He proves
himself to have had an extensive knowledge of christian expe-
rience, of the power of conscience, of the excellency of faith,
of the misery arising from doubts and fears, of the danger of
A 2


carnal- security, and of the necessity of crucifying the flesh,
with its affections and lusts. The grace and love of our Lord
Jesus Christ are sweetly delineated in the character of his Im-
manuel; and the powerful influences of the Holy Spiritare finely
described in the character of the Secretary. A vast fund of
experimental religion is treasured up in this book; -vvhile the in-
struction is conveyed in the foi'ra of entertaifiment and amuse-
ment; and occasionally, a smile excited by the singular propriety
of the unusual names assigned to the numerous characters in-

To render this edition of the Holy War more agreeable than
any former one, the same metliod is pursued as in the Editor's
edition of the Pilgrim's Progress. The work is divided into
chapters of a moderate length, an improvement which this
work certainly wanted. Proper pauses are necessary to relieve
the attention of the reader, as well as to allow time for reflection,
and to assist the memory. A considerable number of explana-
tory and practical notes are subjoined, intended to render the
author's designs more conspicuous; to impress a useful hint, which
might otherwise be passed over too hastily, and to point out some
of those latent beauties, which might else escape a cursory rea-
der. In attempting this, the Editor has availed himself of the
author's mar^nalkey, with which he has endeavoured to unlock
every division of the curious cabinet, and to expose the valuable
contents. From the very favourable reception which his edition
of the Pilgrim has obtained from the public, he entertains a
hope that the present volume may prove equally acceptable and


Coventry ^ Jan. 30, 1803.



'TIS strange to me, that they that love to tell
Things done of old^ yea, and that do excel
Their equals in historiology,
Speak not of Mansoul's wars hut let them lie
Dead, like old fables, or such worthless things,
That to the i"eader no advantage brings:
When men like them make what they will their own.
Till they know this, are to themselves unknown.

Of stories I well know there's divers soi-ts,
Some foreign, some domestic; and reports
Are thereof made, as fancy leads the writers;
(By books a man may guess at the inditers.)

Some will again of that which never Avas,
Nor will be, feign (and that without a cause)
Such matter, raise such mountains, tell such things
Of men, of laws, of countries, and of kings;
And in their story seem to be so sage,
And with such gravity clothe every page,
That though their frontispiece says all is vain,
Yet to their way disciples they obtain.

But, readers, I have somewhat else to do,
Than with vain stories thus to trouble you;
What here I say, some men* do know so well.
They can with tears of joy the story tell.

The town of Mansoul is well known to many,
Nor are her troubles daubted of by any
That are acquainted witii those historiesf
That Mansoul and her wars anatomize.
Then lend thine ear to w hat I do relate
Touchinjj ihe town of Mansoul, and her state;
How she was lost, took captive, made a slave;
And how against him set, that should her save;
Yea, how by hostile ways she did oppose
Her lord, and with his enemy did close:
For they are ti'ue, he that will them deny
Must needs the best of records vilify.

♦ True Christians. f The Scriptures.


For my part, I myself was in the town,

Both when 'twas set up, and Avhen pulling downj

I saw Diabolus in its possession,

And Mansoul also uniler his oppression.

Yea, I was there when she own'd him for lord.

And to him did submit with one accord.

When Mansoul trampled upon things divine,

And wallowed in filth as doth a swine:

When she betook herself unto her arms,

Fought her Imraanuel, and despis'd his charms;*

Then I was there, and sorely griev'd to see

Diabolus and Mansoul so agree.

Let no man, then, count me a fable-maker,
Nor moke my name or credit a partaker
Of their derision; what is here in view,
Of mine own knowledge I dare say is true.

1 saw the prince's armed men come down
By troops, by thousands, to besiege the town;
I saw the captains, heard the trumpets sound,
And how his forces cover'd all the ground:
Yea, how they set themselves in battle 'ray,
I shall remember to my dying day.

I saw the colours waving in the wind,
And they within to mischief how combin'd
To ruin Mansoul, and to take away
H-er primum mobilef without delay.

I saw the mounts cast up against the town.
And how the slings were plac'd to beat it down.
I heard the stones fly whizzing by my ears;
(What's longer kept in mind, than got in fears?
I heard them fall, and saw what work they made.
And how old INIorst did cover with his shade
The face of Mansoul, and I heard her cry,
Woe worth the day, "in dying I shall die!

I saw the battering-rams, and how they play'd
To beat up Ear gate; and I was afraid,
Not only Ear-gate, but the very town
Would by those battering-rams be beaten down.
I saw the fights, and heard the captain s§ shout,
And in each battle saw who fac'd about:
I saw who wounded were, and who were slain.
And who, when dead, would come to life again.
I heard the cries of those that wounded were
(While others fought like men bereft of fear.)
His counsels. t Her <ionl. t Death. $ Lnsw.


And while the cry, Kill, kill was in mine ears,
The gutters ran not so with blood as tears.

Indeed the captains did not always fight;
But when they would molest us day and night,
They cry, Ui), fall on, let us take the town;
Keep us from sleeping, or from lying down.
I was thei-e when the gates were broken ope.
And saw how Mansoul then was stripp'd of hope.
I saw the captains raaixh into the town.
How there they fought, and did their foes cut down.

I heard the prince bid Boanerges go
Up to the castle and there sieze his foe;
And saw him and his fellows bringhim down
In chains of great contempt quite through the town

I saw Immanuel when he possess'd
His town of Mansoul: and how greatly bless'd
The town, his gallant town of Mansoul was
When she receiv'd his pardon, lov'd his laws.

When the Diabolonians Avere caught,
When try'd, and when to execution brought,
Then I was there; yea, 1 was standing by
When Mansoul did the rebels crucify.

I also saw Mansoul clad all in Avhite,
And heard l*er prince call her his heart's delight;
I saw him pttt upon her chains of gold.
And rings and bracelets, goodly to behold.

What shall I say? I heard the people's cries,
And saw the prince wipe tears fromMansoul's eyes;
I heard the groans and saw the joy of many :
Tell you of all, I neither will nor can I;
But by what here I say, you well may see
That Mansoul's matchless wars no fables he.

Mansoul! the desire of both princes was.
One keep his gain would, t'other gain his loss;
Diabolus would cry. The town is mine;
Immanuel would plead a right divine
Unto his Mansoul: then to blows they go.
And Mansoul cries, "These wars will me undo!'»
Mansoul, her wars seem'd endless in her eyes,
She's lost by one, becomes another's prize;
And he again that lost her last would swear,
Have her I will, or her in pieces tear.

Mansoul thus was the very seat of war;
Wherefore her troubles greater were by far
Than only where the noise of war was heard,


Or Avhere the shaking of a sword is fear'd!
Or only "where small skirmishes are fought.
Or where the fancy fighteth with a tliought.

She saw the swords of fighting men made red,
And heard the cries of those with them wounded,
]Must not her frights, then, be much more by far
Than they that to such doings strangers are?
Or their's that hear the beating of a drum,
But need not fiy for fear from house and home?
Mansoul not only heard the trumpet sound,
But saw her gallants gasping on the ground;
Wherefore we must not think that slje could rest
With them whose greatest earnest is but jest:
Or where the blust'ring threat'nings of great war
Do end in parlies, or in wording jars.

Mansoul her mighty wars they do portend
Her weal, her woes and that «vorld without end;
Wherefore she must be more concern'd than they
Whose fears begin and end the self-same day;
Or where none other harm doth come to him,
That is engag'd but loss of life or limb:
As all must needs confess that now do dwell
In Universe, and can this story tell.

Count me not, then, with them who, to amaze
The people, set them on the stars to gaze;
Insinuating with much confidence
They are the only men that have science
Of some brave creatures; yea, a world they will
Have in each star, though it be past their skill
To make it manifest unto a man
That reason hath, or tell his fingers can.

But I have too long held thee in the porch.
And kept thee from the sunshine with a torch.
AVell, now go forward, step within the door.
And there behold five hundred times much more
Of all sorts of such inward rarities.
As please the mind will, and will feed the eyes.
With those which of a Christian, thou wilt see;
Nor do thou go to work without my key.*
(In mysteries men do often lose their way)
And also turn it right; if thou would'st know
My riddle, and would'st with my heifer plough;
It lies there in the window. Fare thee well,
My next may be to ring thy passing bell.
* The margin.



Chap. I. — The original beauty and splendour of the town
of Mansoul, whils under the dominion of Shaddai. Its
noble castle described. Its five gates. The perfection
of its inhabitants. The origin of Diabolus. His pride
and fall. Revenge meditated. A council of war held
to deliberate on the best means of seducing the town of
Mansoul. Diobolus marches to the town, and sits down
before Eye-gate. His oration. Captain Resistance
slain. My Lord Innocence killed. The town taken 15

Chap. II. — Diabolus takes possession of tlie castle. The
Lord Mayor, Mr Understanding, is deposed; and a
wall builtbefore his house to darken it. jNIr Conscience,
the recorder, is put out of office, and becomes very obnox-
ious both to Diabolus and to the inhabitants. My Lord
Will-be-will heartily espousing the cause of Diabolus, is
made the principal governor of the town. The image
of Shaddai defaced, an.d that of Diabolus set up in its
stead. Mr Lustings is made lord mayor, and Mr Fo.'-
get-good, recorder. New aldermen appointed. Three
forts built to defend the town against Shaddai 26

Chap. HI. — Information of the revolution carried to the
court of King Shaddai. His great resentment of the
rebellicn. His graciou''> intention of restoring Man-
soul. Some intimations of this published. Care of
Diabolus to suppress them. His artifices to secure the
town, and prevent its return to Shaddai 56

Chap. IV. — Shaddai sends an army of 40,000 to reduce
Mansoul, under the direction of four caitains, Boaner-
ges, Conviction, Judgment and Execution, who address
the inhabitants with great energy, but to little purpose ;
Diabolus, Incredulity, Ill-pause, and others interposing
to prevent submission. Prejudice defends Ear-gate with a
guard of sixty deaf men 45

Chap. V. — The captains resolve to give them battle. The
town resolutely resists, and the captains retire to Winter-


quarters. Tradition, Human-wisdom, and Man's-iiu-
vention enlist under Boanerges, but are taken prisoners,
and carried to Diabolus; they are admitted soldiers for
him under Captain Any-thing. Hostilities are renewed,
and the town much molested. A famine and mutiny
in Mansoul. They sound a parley. Propositions made
and rejected. Understanding and Conscience quarrel
with Incredulity. A skirmish ensues, and mischief done
on both sides 60

Chap. YI. — Lord Understanding and Mr Conscience im-
prisoned as authors of the disturbance. A conference of
the besieging officers, who agree to peti4;ion Shaddai for
further assistance. The petition approved at court.
Immanuel, the King's Son, is appointed to conquer the
town. Marches with a great army, and surrounds Man-
soul, which is strongly fortified against him 72

Chap. VH. — Immanuel prepares to make war upon Man-
soul. Diabolus sends Mr Loth-to-stoop Avith proposals
for peace. These proposals being dishonom-able to Im-
manuel, are all rejected. Again Diabolus proposes to
patch up a peace by reformation, offering to become Im-
manuel's deputy in that business. This proposal also re-
jected. New preparations made for battle. Diabolus
expecting to be obliged to abandon the town, does
much mischief. Ear-gate, violently assaulted by the
battering-rams, at length gives way, and is broken to
pieces. Immanuel's forces enter the town, and take
possession of the Recorder's house. Several mischievous
Diabolonians are killed 87

Chap. VIII. — The principal inhabitants hold a conference,
and agree to petition the prince for their lives. The cas-
tle-gate broken open. Immanuel marches into Man-
soul. Diabolus is made prisoner raid bound in chains.
The inhabitants, greatly distressed, petition again and
again. At length a free pardon is obtained, and uni-
versal joy succeeds 101

Chap. IX. — The liberated prisoners return to Mansoul,
Avhere they are received with great joy. The inhabit-
ants request Immanuel to take up his residence among
them. He consents. Makes a triumphal entry amidst
the shouts of the people. The town is new-modelled,
and the image of Shaddai erected 118

Chap. X. — The strong holds of Diabolus destroyed. ' In-
credulity, Forget-good, Lustings, and other Diaboloaians


apprehended, tried, and executed, to the great joy of
Man soul 129

Chap. XI. — Mr Experience is made an officer. The char-
ter of the town i-enewed, and enlarged with special pri-
vileges. The ministiT" of the Gospel regularly establish-
ed under the direction of the secretary. Mr Conscience
ordained a preacher, and his duty particularly specified.
Directions how to behave to the ministers. The in-
habitants clad in white, and receive many other distin-
guishing favours from the Prince. God's peace is ap-
pointed to rule. The unexampled felicity ofthe town 145

Chap. XIT. — Carnal-security prevailing in the town, a
coolness takes place between the inhabitants and Imma-
nuel, who being greatly offended, privately withdraws.
Godly-fear, who detects the cause of his removal, excites
the people to destroy Carnal-security. Measures are
tlien taken to induce Immanuel to return 159

Chap. XIII. — The Diabolonians take courage from the
departure of Immanuel, and plots are formed in Hell
for a counter-revolution in Mansoul. Covetousness,
Lasciviousness, and Anger, by changing their names,
are introduced into respectable families, where they cor-
rupt their masters, and do incredible mischief. An army
of twenty thousand Doubters raised to surprise the toAvn 170

Chap. XIV. — The plot discovered by Mr Prywell. Pre-
parations made for defence. More Diabolonians exe-
cuted. Tlie army of Doubters approach the town. An
assault made upon Ear-gate, Avhich is repelled. The
Drummer beats a parley, which is disi'egarded. Diabo-
lus attempts to deceive by flatteiy, but is answered by
the Lord-Mayor. Jolly and Griggish, two young Dia-
bolonians, executed. Gipe and Rake-all hanged. Any-
thing and Loose-foot imprisoned 188

Chap. XV. — The inhabitants of Mansoul make a rash
sortie on the enemy by night, but are repulsed with loss.
Diabolus makes a desperate attack upon Feel-gate,
which, being weak, he forces, and his army of Doubters
possess the town and do incredible mischief. The in-
habitants sorely aggrieved, determine on a new applica-


tion to Immanu^, and procure the assistance of the Se-
cretary in preparing the petition, which is presented by
Captain Credence. He is favourably received, and ap-
pointed lord-lieutenant over all the forces 205

Chap. XVI. — A new plot is laid to ruin the town by
riches and prosperity. Immanuel, according to his
promise, appears in the field, to assist the forces of Man-
soul, whereby the whole army of Doubters is completely
routed. Immanuel enters the town amidst the joyful
acclamations of the inhabitants 219

Chap. XVII. — A new array of Blood-men, or persecutors,
attack the town, but are surrounded by the Mansoulians,
headed by Faith and Patience. The examination of
some of the leaders. Evil-questioning entertains some
of the Doubters, but is discovered by Diligence. The
principal Doubters tried, convicted, and executed 231

Chap. XVIII. — More Diabolonians tried and condemned.
The work concludes with an admirable speech of Im-
manuel, reciting his gracious acts, and informing his
people of his intention to rebuild the town with the
greatest splendour, and recommending a suitable con-
duct in tiie mean time 244



The onginal beauty of the town of Mansoul, while under the dominion of
SHADDAI. A dreadful revolution effected in it by the subtlety of Diabolus.
Captain Resistance, and my Lord Innocency slain.

IN my travels, as I walked through many regions and coun-
tries, it was my chance to arrive at that famous continent of
^ . . r. Universe.* A very large and spacious country
JJescription oj .^.^. .^ j.^^j^ between the two poles, and just
tlie -world. amidst the four points of the heaven. It is a

place well watered, and richly adorned with hills and valleys,
bravely situated; and for the most part (at least where I was)
very fruitful: also well peopled, and a very sweet air.

The people are not all of one complexion, nor yet of one lan-
guage, mode, or way of religion; but differ as much (it is said)
as do the planets themselves: some are right, and some are wrong,
even as it happeneth to be in lesser regions.!

In this country, as I said, it was my lot to travel; and there

travel I did, and that so long, even till I had learned much of

their mother-tongue, together with the customs and manners of

them among whom I was. And, to speak truth, I was much

^ ^ , , _ delighted to see and hear many things which I

^ natural state ^ x. i ^u ti^4 1.^

, . , saw and heard among them: yea, 1 had, to be

ij 1 sure, even lived and died a native among them (I

■ was so taken with them and their doings,) had not

my Master sent for me home to his house, there to do business

for him, and to oversee business done.:j:

Now there is, in the gallant country of Universe, a fair and

delicate town, a corporation called Mansoul; a town for its

building so curious, for its situation so commodious, for it«

privileges so advantageous (I mean with reference to its original,)

* Universe: The world at large is here intended, displaying the wisdom,
power, and goodness of the great Creator.

t Sin has introduced universal disorder into the world. Its original har-
mony and beauty are lost.

I The author' refers to his own experience before his conversion, and his
being called by grace to serve the Lord Chriit as a minister in his church.


that I may say of it, as was said before of the continent in Avhich
it is placed, " There is not its efjuai under the whole lieaven."*
As to the situation of this town, itlieth between the two worlds:
ScribUires ^"^ ^^^ ^* "^^ tounder and builder of it, so far as
by the best and most authentic records I can gatlier,
The AlmighUj?\''l ?"^^"^^°°^^5t and he builfit forliisown
-^ -^ deliglit, Gen. i. 26. He made it the mirror and
glory of all that he made, even the top-piece, beyond any thing
else that he did in that country. Yea, so goodly a town was
Created angels, Mansoul, when first built, that it is said by
■^ some, tlie gods, at the setting up thereof, came
down to see it, and sung for joy. And as he made it goodly to
behold, so also mighty to have dominion over all the country
round about. \"ea, all were commanded to acknowledge Man-
soul for their metropolitan, all were enjoined to do homage to
it. Aye, the town itself had positive commission, and power
from her King, to demand service of all, and also to subdue
those that any-ways denied it.

There was reared up in the midst of this town, a most famous
The heart ^"^^ stately palace: for strength it may be called a
castle; for pleasantness, a paradise: for largeness, a
place so copious as to contain all the world, Eccles. iii. 11.
This place, the King Shaddai intended but for himself alone,
and not another with him: partly because of his own deligbts,

Online LibraryJohn BunyanThe holy war made by King Shaddai upon Diabolus, to regain the metropolis of the world; or, The losing and taking again of the town of Mansoul .. → online text (page 1 of 28)