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souls are senseless of sin, and what a damnable state
they are in by nature, so long they will even dally

* See page 5-i3.



with the kingdom of heaven and the salvation of
their own poor souls; but when God cometh and
showeth them where they are, and what is like to
become of them if they miss of the crucified
Saviour, 0, then, saith the soul, would I were
sure of Jesus ; what shall I do to get assurance of
Jesus ? And thus is God forced, as I may say,
to whip souls to Jesus Christ, they being so se-
cure, so senseless, and so much their own enemies,
as not to look out after their own eternal advan-
tage.

5. A fifth reason why God doth deal thus with
sinners it is, because he would bring Christ and
the soul together in a right way. Christ and sin-
ners would never come together in a beloved pos-
ture, they would not so suitably suit each other,
if they were not brought together this way, the
sinner being killed. 0, when the sinner is killed,
and indeed struck dead to everything below a
naked Jesus, how suitably then doth the soul and
Christ suit one with another. Then here is a
naked sinner for a righteous Jesus, a poor sinner
to a rich Jesus, a weak sinner to a strong Jesus,
a blind sinner to a seeing Jesus, an ignorant,
careless sinner to a wise and careful Jesus. 0,
how wise is God in dealing thus with the sinner !
He strips him of his own knowledge, that he may
fill him with Christ's ; he killeth him for taking
pleasure in sin, that he may take pleasure in Jesus
Christ, &c.

6. God goeth this way with sinners, because he
would have the glory of their salvation. Should
not men and women be killed to their own things,
they would do sacrifice unto them, and instead of
saying to the Lamb, ' Thou art worthy,' they
would say their own arm, their own right hand
hath saved them ; but God will cut off boasting
from ever entering within the borders of eternal
glory ; for he is resolved to have the glory of the
beginning, the middle, and the end ; of the con-
triving, and saving, and giving salvation to them
that enter into the joys of everlasting glory. Job

xl. U. Ro. iii. 27. Ep. ii. 8, 9. Tit. iii. 5. Re. v. 9. ' That they

might be called trees of righteousness, the plant-
ing of the Lord, that he might be glorified.' la.
lxi. 3. I might have run through many things as
to this ; but I shall pass them, and proceed.

Second. Now, the soul being thus killed to itself,
its sins, its righteousness, faith, T he soul that l.atk
hope, wisdom, promises, resolutions, ^ rigUtwork -Sf
and the rest of its things which it heart, is not only

, , i ■ i . r ,, killed to itself,

trusted in by nature ; in the next but also made
place, it hath also given unto it a ^ve to Christ.
most glorious, perfect, and never-fading life,
which is —

I. A life imputed to it, yet so really, that the
very thought of it in the soul hath so much opera-
tion and authority, especially when the meditation
of it is mixed with faith, as to make it, though



THE LA.W AND GRACE UNFOLDED.



545



condemned by the law, to triumph, and to look
its enemies in the face with comfort, notwithstand-
ing the greatness of the multitude, the fierceness
of their anger, and the continuation of their malice,
he never so hot against it.

This imputed life — for so it is — is the obedience
of the Son of God as his righteousness, in his suf-
fering, rising, ascending, interceding, and so con-
sequently triumphing over all the enemies of the
soul, and given to me, as being wrought on pur-
pose for me. So that, is there righteousness in
Christ? that is mine. Is there perfection in that
righteousness ? that is mine. Did he bleed for sin ?
it was for mine. Hath he overcome the law, the
devil, and hell ? the victory is mine, and I am
counted the conqueror, nay, more than a con-
queror, through him that hath loved me. And I
do count this a most glorious life ; for by this
means it is that I am, in the first place, proclaimed
both in heaven and earth guiltless, and such an
one who, as I am in Christ, am not a sinner, and
so not under the law, to be condemned, but as
holy and righteous as the Son of God himself,
because he himself is my holiness and righteous-
ness, and so likewise having by this all things
taken out of the way that would condemn me.

Sometimes I bless the Lord my soul hath had
the life that now I am speaking of, not only im-
puted to me, but the very glory of it upon my soul ;
for, upon a time, when I was under many condem-
nings of heart, and feared, because of my sins, my
soul would miss of eternal glory, methought I felt
in my soul such a secret motion as this — Thy righ-
teousness is in heaven, together with the splendour
and shining of the Spirit of grace in my soul, which
gave me to see clearly that my righteousness by
which I should be justified from all that could
condemn, w r as the Son of God himself in his own
person, now at the right hand of his Father repre-
senting me complete before the mercy-seat in his
ownself ; so that I saw clearly that night and day,
wherever I was, or whatever I was a doing, still
there was my righteousness just before the eyes of
Divine glory ; so that the Father could never find
fault with me for any insufficiency that was in my
righteousness, seeing it was complete ; neither could
he say, Where is it? because it was continually at
his right hand.*

Also, at another time, having contracted guilt
upon my soul, and having some distemper of body
upon me, I supposed that death might now so seize
upon as to take me away from among men ; then,
thought I, what shall I do now? Is all right with
my soul? Have I the right work of God on my
soul ? Answering myself, ' No, surely ; ' and that
because there were so many weaknesses in me ;



* For a deeply affecting account of the author's experience
about this period read Grace Abvunduiy, No. 259-2G1. — Ed.
VOL. I.



yea, so many weaknesses in my best duties. For,
thought I, how can such an one as I find mercy,
whoso heart is so ready to evil, and so backward
to that which is good, so far as it is natural. Thu3
musing, being filled with fear to die, these words
come in upon my soul, ' Being justified freely by
his grace, through the redemption that is in Christ
Jesus.' Ro. in. 24. As if God had said, Sinner, thou
thinkest because that thou hast had so many in-
firmities and weaknesses in thy soul while thou
hast been professing of me, therefore now thero
can be no hopes of mercy ; but be it known unto
thee, that it was not anything done by thee at tho
first that moved me to have mercy upon thee ;
neither is it anything that is done by thee now that
shall make me either accept or reject thee. Be-
hold my Son, who standeth by me, he is righteous,
he hath fulfilled my law, and given me good satis-
faction ; on him, therefore, do I look, and on thee
only as thou art in him ; and according to what ho
hath done, so will I deal with thee. This having
stayed my heart, and taken off the guilt through
the strength of its coming on my soul, anon after
came in that word as a second testimony — ' Who
hath saved us, and called us with a holy calling ;
not according to our works ' of righteousness which
we have done, ' but according to his own purpose
and grace, which was given us in Christ Jesus be-
fore the world began.' 2 Ti. i. 9. And thus is the
sinner made alive from the dead, being justified by
grace through the righteousness of Christ, which
is unto all and upon all them that believe, accord-
ing to the Scriptures — ' And the life which I now
live, - it is by the faith of the Son of God, who
loved me, and gave himself for me.' Ga. ii. 20. 'I
lay down my life for the sheep.' ' I am come that
you might have life, and that you might have it
more abundantly.' Ju. x. 10, 15. " For if, when we
were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the
death of his Son, much more, being reconcded, wo
shall be saved by his life. That as sin reigned
unto death, even so might grace reign through
righteousness unto eternal life, by Jesus Christ our
Lord. ' Ro. v. 10, 21.

II. This life is not only imputed to him that is
wrought on by the Spirit of grace — that is, not
only counted his, but also there is put into the soul
an understanding, enlightened on purpose to know
the things of God, which is Christ and his imputed
righteousuess, 1 Jn. v. 20, which it never thought of
nor understood before. 1 Co. ii. 9-11. Which under-
standino- being enlightened and made to see such
things that the bouI cannot be contented without it
lay hold of and apply Christ unto itself so effectu-
ally; I say, that the soul shall be exceedingly
revived in a very heavenly measure with the appli-
cation of this imputed righteousness ; for thereby
it knoweth it shall find God speaking peace to
itself, with a fatherly affection, saying, « Be of good
3 z



546



THE LAW AND GRACE UNFOLDED.



cheer, thy sins arc forgiven thee ; ' the righteous-
ness of my Son I bestow upon thee ; « For what
the law couhl not do in that it was weak through
,' tlry 'flesh,' I have sent forth my only Son,
and have condemned thy sins in his flesh. Ro. viH. 3, 4.
And though thou hast gone astray like a lost sheep,
yet on him I have laid thine iniquities ; and though
thou therchy didst undo and hreak thyself for ever,
yet by his stripes I have healed thee. Thus, I say,
the Lord causeth the soul by faith to apply that
which he doth by grace impute unto it, for thus
every soul more or less is dealt withal ; the soul
being thus enlightened, thus quickened, thus made
alive from that dead state it was in before, or at
least having the beginnings of this life, ifc hath
these several virtuous advantages, which they have
not that are dead in their sins and trespasses, and
under the law —

[Advantages possessed by the quietened A
First. It seeth what a sad condition all men by
nature are in, they being in that state which itself
was in but a while since ; but now by grace it is
a beginning to scrabble * out of it ; now it seeth
' the whole world lieth in wickedness,' and so liable
to eternal vengeance, because of their wickedness,
l Jn. v. 19. Ah, friends, let me tell you, though you
may be ignorant of your state and condition, yet
the poor, groaning, hungering saints of God do
see what a sad, woeful, miserable state you are in,
which sometimes make them tremble to think of
your most lamentable latter end, you dying so, and
Like as the cini- also to fly the faster to their Lord
Jesus, for very fear that they also
should be partakers of that most dole-
ful doom. And this it hath by virtue
of its own experience, knowing it-
self was but awhile ago in the same
condition, under the same condemnation. !
there is now a hearty blessing of God that ever he
should show to it its sad condition, and that he
should incline its heart to seek after a better con-
dition. blessed be the Lord ! saith the soul, that
< v<_t he should awaken me, stir up me, and bring
me out of that sad condition that I once with them
was in. r-s. cm. 1-3. It makes also the soul to won-
der to see how foolishly and vainly the rest of its
neighbours do spend their precious time, that they
should be so void of understanding, so forgetful of
their latter end, so senseless of the damning nature
of their sins. that their eyes were but enlight-
ened to see whereabouts they are! surely they
would be of another mind than they are now in.
Now, the soul wonders to see what slender pins
those poor creatures do hang the stress of the
wd salvation of their souls upon. ! methinks,
dth the soul, it makes mc mourn to see that some



Urtu of Israel,
who fled for
fear when the
around opened

its mouth to
swallow up
Korah and his
company.



M>lc;' to go on the hands and feet or knees. See
a remarkable illustration of the word 'scrabble' in Grace
Abounding, No. 333.— Ed.



should think that they were born Christians ; and
others, that their baptism makes them so ; t others
depend barely upon a traditional, historical faith,
which will leave their souls in the midst of per-
plexity. that they should trust to such fables,
fancies, and wicked sleights of the devil, as their
good doings, their good thinkings, their civil walk-
ing and living with the world. miserable pro-
fession, and the end thereof will be a miserable end !
But now, when the soul is thus wrought upon,
it must be sure to look for the very gates of hell
to be set open against it with all their force and
might to destroy it. Now hell rageth, the devil
roareth, and all the world resolveth to do the best
they can to bring the soul again into bondage and
ruin. Also, the soul shall not want „„,.«. ■ , +

' _ Cut this is hut

enemies, even in its own heart's lust, for the exercise

, , iii ot his faith.

as covetousness, adultery, blasphemy,

unbelief, hardness of heart, coldness, half-hearted-
ness, ignorance, with an innumerable company of
attendants, hanging, like so many blocks, at its
heels, ready to sink it into the fire of hell every
moment, together with strange apprehensions of
God and Christ, as if now they were absolutely
turned to be its enemies, which maketh it doubt
of the certainty of its salvation ; for you must un-
derstand, that though a sold may in reality have
the righteousness of the Son of God imputed to it,
and also some faith in a very strong manner to lay
hold upon it, yet at another time, through tempta-
tion, they may fear and doubt again, insomuch
that the soul may be put into a very great fear
lest it should return again into the condition it
once was in. Je. xxxii. 40. 0, saith the soul, when I
think of my former state, how miserable it was, it
makes me tremble ; and when I think that I may
fall into that condition agam, how sad are the
thoughts of it to me ! I would not be in that con-
dition again for all the world. And this fear riseth.
still higher and higher, as the soul is sensible of
Satan's temptations, or of the working of its own
corruptions. Ah ! these filthy lusts, these filthy
corruptions ; that I were rid of them, that they
were consumed in a moment, that I could be quite
rid of them, they do so disturb my soul, dishonour
my God, so defile my conscience, and sometimes
so weaken my hands in the way of God, and my
comforts in the Lord ; how glad should I be if I
might be stripped of them. Ro. vii. 24. Which fear
puts the soul upon flying to the Lord by prayer
for the covering of his imputed righteousness, and
for strength against the devil's temptations and
its own corruptions ; that God woidd give down his
Holy Spirit to strengthen it against the things that

V ks Banyan was a Baptist, this is a full proof that his
friends did not ascribe regeneration to water baptism. It is
an awful delusion to suppose that a few drops of water can
effect or promote the new birth or spiritual regeneration of the
soul; sec p. 5">8. — Fd



THE LAW AND GRACE TNFOLDED.



547



do so annoy its soul, and so discourage it in its way,
with a resolution, through grace, never to be con-
tented while [until] it doth find in itself a triumph-
ing over it, by faith in the blood of a crucified Jesus.
Second. The soul that hath been thus killed by
the law to the things it formerly delighted in, now,
now, it cannot be contented with that slender,
groundless faith and hope that once it contented
itself withal. No, no ; but now it must be brought
into the right saving knowledge of Jesus Christ,
now it must have him discovered to the soul by
the Spirit, now it cannot be satisfied because such
and such do tell it is so. No ; but now it will cry
out, Lord, show me continually, in the light of thy
Spirit, through thy word, that Jesus that was born
in the days of Ccesar Augustus, when Mary, a
daughter of Judah, went with Joseph to be taxed
at Bethlehem, that he is the very Christ. Lord,
let me see it in the light of thy Spirit, and in the
operation thereof; and let me not be contented
without such a faith that is so wrought even by
the discovery of his birth, crucifying, death, blood,
resurrection, ascension, intercession, and second —
which is his personal — coming again, that the very
faith of it may fill my soul with comfort and holi-
ness. And 0, how afraid the soid is lest it should
fall short of this faith, and of the hope that is be-
gotten by such discoveries as these are ! For the
soul knowetk that if it hath not this, it will not be
able to stand either in death or judgment; and
therefore, saith the soul, Lord, whatever other poor
souls content themselves withal, let me have that
which will staud me in stead, and carry me through
a dangerous world ; that may help me to resist a
cunning devil ; that may help me to suck true soul-
satisfying consolation from Jesus Christ through
thy promises, by the might and power of thy Spirit.
And now, when the poor soul at any time hath any
discovery of the love of God through a bleeding,
dying, risen, interceding Jesus, because it is not
* But this 1My willing to be deceived, 0, how wary*
be its tempta- is it of closing with it, for fear it should

tion, taking if

place through not be right, for fear it should not
oess of the come from God ! Saith the soul, Can-
sou1- not the devil give one such comfort I

t trow ? Cannot he transform himself thus into an
angel of light ? So that the soul, because that it
would be upon a sure ground, cries out, Lord, show
me thy salvation, and that not once or twice, but,
Lord, let me have thy presence continually upon
my heart, to-day, and to-morrow, and every day.
For the soul, when it is rightly brought from under
the covenant of works, and planted into the cove-
nant of grace, then it cannot be, unless it be under
some desperate temptation, contented without the
presence of God, teaching, comforting, establish-
ing, and helping of the soul to grow in the things
of the Lord Jesus Christ; because it knoweth that
if God hath but withdrawn his presence in any way



from it, as he doth do sometimes for a while, that
then the devil will be sure to be near at hand, work-
ing with his temptations, trying all ways to get the
soul into slavery and sin again ; also the corrupt
principle, that will be joining and combining with
the wicked one, and will be willing to be a co-
partner with him to bring the soul into mischief ;
which puts a soul upon an earnest, continual pant-
ing after more of the strengthening, preserving,
comforting, and teaching presence of God, and for
strong supplies of faith, that it may effectually lay
hold on him.

Tldrd. The soul is quickened so that it is not
satisfied now without it do in deed and in truth
partake of the peace of God's elect; now it is upon
the examination of the reality of its joy and peace.
Time was indeed that anything would serve its
turn, any false conceits of its state to be good; but
now all kind of peace will not serve its turn, all
kind of joy will not be accepted with it; now it
must joy in God through Jesus Christ; now its
peace must come through the virtues of the blood
of Christ speaking peace to the conscience by tak-
ing away both the guilt and filth of sin by that
blood; also by showing the soul its free acceptance
with God through Christ, he hath completely ful-
filled all the conditions of the first covenant, and
freely placed it into the safety of what he hath done,
and so ju'esents the soul complete and spotless in
the sight of God through his obedience. Now, I
say, he hath ' peace through the blood of his cross,'
and sees himself reconciled to God by the death of
his Son, or else his comfort will be questioned by
him. CoL i. 20, 2i. It is not every promise as cometh
now upon his heart that will serve his turn, no, but
he must see w r hether the babe Jesus be presented
to the soul in and through that promise. Now if
the babe leap in his womb, as I may so say, it is
because the Lord's promise sounds aloud in his
heart, coming to him big with the love and pardon-
ing grace of God in Jesus Christ; I say, this is the
first and principal joy that the soul hath that is
quickened and brought into the covenant of grace.

Fourth. Now the man finds heavenly sauctifica-
tion wrought in his soid through the most precious
blood of the man whose name is Jesus Christ —
' Jesus, that he might sanctify the people with his
own blood, suffered without the gate.' Now the
soul finds a change in the understanding, in the
will, in the mind, in the affections, in the judgment,
and also in the conscience; through the inward man
a change, and through the outward man a change,
from head to foot, as we use to say, ' for he that is
in Christ,' and so in this covenant of grace, 'is a
new creature,' or hath been twice made — made.,
and made again. 2 Oo, v. it. 0, now the soid is re-
solved for heaven and glory; now it erieth out,
Lord, if there be a right eye that is offensive to
thee, pluck it out; or a right foot, cut it off; or a



5+3



THE LAW AND GRACE UNFOLDED.



right hand, take it from mc. Now the soul doth
begin to study how it may honour God, and bring
praise to him. Now the soul is for a preparation
for the second coming of Christ, endeavouring to
lay aside everything that may hinder; and for the
ng in with those things that may make it in a
beloved posture against that day.

Fifth. And all this is from a gospel spirit, and
not from a legal, natural principle, for the soul hath
these things as the fruits and effects of its being
separated unto the covenant of grace, and so now
possessed with that spirit that doth attend, yea, and
dwell in them that are brought into the covenant
of grace from under the old covenant ; I say, these
tilings do spring forth in the soul from another root
and stock than any of the actings of other men do;
for the soul that is thus wrought upon is as well
dead to the law and the righteousness thereof — as
the first covenant — as well as to its sins.

Sixth. Now the soul begins to have some blessed
experience of the things of God, even of the glori-
ous mysteries of the gospel.

1. Now it knoweth the meaning of those words,
' My flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink
indeed,' and that by experience ; for the soul hath
received peace of conscience through that blood, by
the effectual application of it to the soul. Jn. vi. 55.
First, By feeling the guilt of sin die off from the
conscience by the operation thereof. Secondly, By
feeling the power thereof to take away the curse of
the law. Thirdly, By finding the very strength of
hell to fail when once the blood of the man Jesus
Christ is received in reality upon the soul.

2. Now the soul also knoweth by experience the
meaning of that scripture that saith, 'Our old man
is crucified with him, that the body of sin might be
destroyed. ' ito. vi. 6. Now it sees that when the man
Jesus did hang on the tree on Mount Calvary, that
then the body of its sins was there hanged up, dead
and buried with him, though it was then unborn,
so as never to be laid to its charge, either here or
hereafter; and also, so as never to carry it captive
into perpetual bondage, being itself overcome by
him, even Christ, the head of that poor creature.
And indeed this is the way for a soul both to live
comfortably as touching the guilt of sin, and also as

shing the power of the filth of sin; for the soul
that doth or hath received this in deed and in truth,
find, Btrength against them both by and through
that man that did for him and the rest of his fellow-
sinners so gloriously overcome it, and hath given
the victory unto them, so that now they are said to
be overeomers, nay, 'more than conquerors through
him,' the one man Jesus Christ. R0.7UL 88-87.

3. Now the soul hath received a faith indeed, and
a lively hope indeed, such an o m . as now it can fetch
strength from the fulness of Christ, and from the
merits of Christ.

4. Yea, now the soul can look on itself with one



eye, and look upon Christ with another, and say,
Indeed, it is true; I am an empty soul, but Christ
is a full Christ; I am a poor sinner, but Christ is a
rich Christ ; I am a foolish sinner, but Christ is a
wise Christ ; I am an unholy, ungodly, unsanctified
creature in myself, but Christ is made of God 'unto
me, wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification,
and redemption.' 1 Co. i. 30.

5. Now also that fiery law, that it could not once
endure, nor could not once delight in, I say, now it
can delight in it after the inward man ; now this
law is its delight, it would always be walking in it,
and always be delighting in it, being offended with
any sin or any corruption that would be anyways



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