John Bunyan.

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that trouble me? many are they that rise up against

me.' Ts. iii. 1.

' And the waters increased, and bare up the ark.'
The higher the rage and tyranny of this world
groweth against the church of God, the higher is
the ark lifted up towards heaven, the most proud
wave lifts it highest : The church is also by perse-
cution more purged and purified from earthly and
carnal delights ; therefore it is added, * the waters
bare up the ark, aud it was lift up above the
earth. '

Ver. 18. 'And the waters prevailed, and were
increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark
went upon the face of the waters.'!

These vrords are still to be considered under the
former dcuble consideration, to wit, both, as they
present us vrith God's wrath at the last judgment,
and as they present us with a sign of the rage and
malice of ungodly men.

'And the waters prevailed;' that is, over all

* They perish in sight of a place of security wliich they
cauDot reach; they perish Avith the Litter remorse of having
despised and rejected the means of escape, like the rich man
in hell, whose torment was grievously augmented by the sight
of Lazarus, afar olf, in the hosom of Ahraliam. — Ed.

t Calmet says, ' Apres que I'Arche cut fait le tour du monde
pendant I'espacc de six mois.' — Sujiplement to Dictionary .
liC gives no authority for this improbable notion. — En.


ungodly sinners ; though they were mighty, and
stout, and cared for none, yet the waters prevailed
against them, as the fire and brimstone will do
over all the world at the day and coming of our
Lord Jesus Christ. Wherefore, well may it be
said to all impenitent sinners, ' Can thy heart en-
dure, or can thy hands be strong, in the days that
I shall deal with thee,' Eze. xxii. u. saith the Lord
God ? Oh they cannot, the waters of the wrath of
God will prevail against, and increase upon them,
until they have utterly swallowed them up.

' And the waters prevailed. ' Take it now as a
type of the nature of persecution, and then it shew-
eth, that as the vraters here did sv^•alIow up all but
the ark, so when persecution is mighty in the
world, it prevaileth to swallowup all but the church;
for none else can aright withstand or oppose their
wickedness. It is said, when the beast had power
to work, ' the whole world vrondered aft^r the
beast,' Ee. xiii. 3. and all men who were not sealed,
and that had not the mark of God in their fore-
heads, feU in with the worship of the beast ; as it
is said, ' And aU that dwell upon the earth shall
worship him, whose names are not written in the
book of life of the Lamb,' «te. ver. s. So then it
might well be said, * The waters prevailed and
increased. '

' And the ark went upon the face of the waters, '
It is said that in the beginning the Spirit of God
moved upon the face of the waters, and here that
the ark went upon the face of them. Indeed the
Spirit of God moveth, and the chm*ch, as God,
walketh in strange and lui thought of stations. It
is said, that God hath ' a way in the whirlwind,
and in the stonn.' Ka. i. 3. So he hath upon the very
face of the persecution of the day, but none but
the church can follow him here ; it is the ark that
can follow him upon the face of the waters. Deep
things are seen by them that are upon the waters :
* They that go down to the sea in ships, that
do business in great waters ; They see the works
of the Lord, and his wonders in the deep.' Ps. a-ii.
23, 2i. Indeed it oft falls out, that the church seeth
more of God in affliction, than when she is at rest
and ease ; when she is tumbled to and fro in the
waters, then she sees the works of God, and his
wonders in the deep.

And this makes persecution so pleasant a thing,
this makes the ark go upon the face of the v/aters,
she seeth more in tliis her state, than in all the
treasures of Egypt. He. xi. 24, 25.

Ver. 19. ' And the waters prevailed exceedingly
upon the earth ; aud all the high hills, tliat icevQ
imder the whole heaven, were covered.'

This second repetition of the prevaihng of the
waters, doth also call for a second consideration.

1. It shews us, that aU hope that any ungodly
man might have at the beginning of the flood to
3 o



escape the rage thereof, was now swallowed up in
death. Indeed it is natural to the creatures, when
floods and inundations are upon the earth, to re-
pau* to the high places, as thej only that are left
for preservation of life; where life may be also
continued if the waters do not overflow them : hut
when it comes to pass as here we read, that all the
hills under the heavens are covered : then life takes
its farewell, and is gone from the world, as was the
effect of the waters of Noah.

The hills therefore were types of the hope of the
hypocrite, upon which they clamber till their heads
do touch the clouds, thinking thereby to escape
the judgment of God ; but 'though tliey hide them-
selves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take
them out thence,' saith God. Am.ix. 2,3. The flood
of his wrath will come thither, even over the tops
of all the hills. So that safety is only in the ark
with Noah, in the church with Christ, all other
places must be drowned Avith the flood.

2. We may also understand by this verse, how
God in a time of persecution will cut off the carnal
confidence of his people.__ We are apt to place our
hope somewhere else than in God, when persecu-
tion ariseth because of the word. We hope that
sucli a man, or that such outward means may pre-
vent our being swept away with this flood. But
because this confidence is not after God, but tendeth
to weaken our stedfast dependence on him ; there-
fore this flood shall cover all our hills, not one shall
be found for us under the whole heaven. Je. ii.
36, 37. When the king of Babylon came up against
Jerusalem to war, then Israel, instead of trusting
in God, put their confidence in the king of Egypt,
but he also was swallowed up by this flood, that
Israel might be ashamed of such confidence ; and
this at last they confessed. 'As for us, [said
they,] our eyes as yet failed for our vain help: in
our watching, we have watched for a nation tliat
could not save «5. ' La. iv. 17.

It was requisite therefore that the hills should
be covered, that Noah might not have confidence
in them ; but surely this dispensation of God Avas
an heart-shaking providence to Noah, and they
that were with him ; for here indeed was his faith
tried, there was no hill left in all the world ; now
were his carnal helpers gone, there was none shut
up or left: Now therefore, if they could rejoice, it
must be only in the power of God. As David
said, 'Shall I lift up mine eyes to the Mils?
whence should my help come?' So the maro-iu:
' My help ccnnetli from the Lord that made heaven
and earth. ' Ps. cxxi. 1, 2.

Ver. 20. ' Fifteen cubits upward did the waters
prevail ; and the moimtains were covered. ' The
lieight cf Goliah was but six cubits and a span,
1 Ba. xvii.4. neither was Og's bedstead any more than
nine, De iii. 11. Wherefore this flood prevailed far

the highest of those mighty ones: even fifteen cubits
above the highest mountains.

Ver. 21, 22, 23. ' IF And all flesh died that
moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle,
and of beast, and of every creeping thing that
creepeth upon the earth, and every man: All in
whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that
loas in the dry land, died. And every living sub-
stance was destroyed, which was upon the face of
the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping
things, and the fowls of the heaven ; and they wero
destroyed from the earth, and Noah only remained
olive, and they that loere with him in the ark.'

In these words you have the effects of the flood,
which was punctually according to the judgment
threatened. But observe, I pray you, how tlic
Holy Ghost, by repeating, doth amplify the matter.
' All flesh,' ' All in Avhose nostrils loas the breath
of life;' ' All that was in the Avj land,^ 'every
living substance,' 'every man;' and they wero
destroyed from off the earth : By which mannei'
of language doubtless there is insinuated a threat-
ening to them who should afterward live ungodl_y.
And indeed the Holy Ghost affirmeth, that thcso
judgments, with that of Sodom, are but examples
set forth before our eyes, to shew us that such
sins, such pimishment. 'Making them an ensamplo,
saith Peter, unto those that after should live un-
godly. ' 2 Pe. ii. 6. Nay, Jude saith, they are 'set
forth' in their overthrow, for that very purpose,
ver. 7. Wherefore this careful repeating of this
judgment of God, doth carry threatening in it,
assuredly foreshewiug the doom and downfal of
those that shall continue to tread their steps.

Yea, mind how Peter hath it: For if God
' spared not the old world,' &c. 3Pe. ii. 5. Secretly
intimating, that those that then lived, being the
first of his workmanship, and far surpassing ia
magnificence, if he would have spared, he would
have spared them ; but seeing he so dreadfully
swept them away, let no man be so bold to presume
that wickedness shall now deliver him that is given
to it.

' And Noah only remained alive, and they that
were with him in the ark.' Noah was that man
of God that had set himself agaiast a world of
ungodly men. The man that had hazarded life
and limb for the word of God committed to him ; he
' only remained alive,' &e. Hence note, That he
was the man that outlived the world, that would for
God venture life against all the world. Wherefore
the saying in the gospel is true, He that will lose
his life for my sake, shall save it unto life eternal.
Thus did Noah, and passed the end, and went over
the bounds, that God had appointed for every living
thing. Behold ! he was a man in both worlds,
yea, the world then to come was given him for a



' ^ And tlie waters prevailed upon the earth an
hundred and fifty days. ' About the same time the
scorpions mentioned of John, had power to hurt
the earth. He. ix, lo. Wherefore, the thus prevaiHng
of the water, might he a type of our persecution
now in the New Testament days. All which time
doubtless Noah was sufficiently tried, while the
vraves of the water had no pity for him.


Ver. 1. ' And God remembered Noah, and every
living thing, and all the cattle that v:as with him
in the ark ; and God made a wind to pass over the
earth, and the waters asswaged.'

Moses having thus related the judgment of the
waters, as they respected the di'owning of the
v.-orld, and so typed forth the last judgment: he
now returneth to speak of them more largely, as
they were a type of the persecution and afflictions
of the church, and so slieweth how God dehvered
Noah from the merciless violence of the waves

' And God remembered Noah. ' This word re-
membered is usual in scriptm-e ; both when God is
about to deliver his people out of affliction, and to
grant them the petition which they ask of him.
It is said, ' God remembered Abraham ; and sent
Lot out of Sodom;' Ce. xk. so. that he remembered
Eachel, and hearkened to her; xxx. 23. that he also
remembered his covenant with Abraham, when he
went to bring Israel out of their bondage. Ex. ii. 24.

Hence note, that Noah was now both in an
afflicted and a praying condition ; afflicted with the
dread of the waters, and prayed for their asswaging.
It is a question accompanied with astonisliment,
How the ark being of no bigger an huU or bulk
shoidd contain so many creatures, with sustenance
for them ? And verily, I think, that Noah himself
was put to it, to believe and wait for so long a
time. But God remembered him, and also the
beasts, and every living thing that was with him,
and began to put an end to these mighty afflictions,
by causing the waters to asswage. *

' And God made a wind to pass over the earth.'
The waters being here a type of persecutors and
persecution : this wind was a type of the breath of
the Lord's mouth, by which he is said to slay the
wicked. * He shall smite the earth with the rod of
his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he
slay the wicked. ' is. xi. 4. It was a wind also that
blew away the locusts of Egypt, T.x. x. 19. which
locusts were a type of our graceless clergy, that
have covered the ground of our land.* Again

* ' A graceless clergy ' ! ! So uumerous as to cover the
ground of our land ! I How awful a fact — taking tlie name of
God on polluted Ups, and professing to teach what they do
not comprehend. Men in a state of rehcllion against heaven,

the kingdom of Eabel was to bo destroyed by a
destroying wind, which the Lord would send
against her, Je.h.i,2. which Paul expounds to be by
the breath of tlie Lord's mouth, and by the bright-
ness of his coming. This wind therefore, as I said,
was a type of the breathing of the Spirit of the
Lord, by which means these tumultuous waves
shall be laid lower, and God's ark in a while made
to rest upon the top of his mountain, 2 Sa. xxii. 19. Por
by the breath of the Lord the earth is lightened,
and by this lightning coals are kindled ; « yea, he
sent out his arrows and scattered them, and he shot
out lightnings, and discomfited them. Then the
channels of waters were seen, and the foundations
of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, Lord,
at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.' Ps. xriii.
14, 15. * And God made a wind to pass over the
earth, and the waters asswaged. ' That is, in New
Testament language, the afflictors and afflictions
of the church did cease and decay, and came to

' And the waters asswaged : ' To wit, by the
blowing of this wind, wherefore, as this wind did
assaidt the waters, so it did refresh the spirit of
this servant of God, because by it the affliction
Avas driven away. Thus then by the wind of the
Lord were these dry bones refreshed, and made to
stand upon their feet. Eze. xxxvii. 9, 10.

'And God made a wind to pass over.' And
God made it ; when God blows, the enemies of his
truth shall pass away like waters that fail.

Ver. 2. * The fountains also of the deep and the
windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from
heaven was restrained.'

By these words we see, that when the church of
God is afflicted, both heaven and hell have their
hand therein, but so as from a differing considera-
tion, and to a diverse end. From heaven it comes,
that we may remember we have sinned, and that
we may be made white, and tried ; Da. xi. 35. but
from hell, from the great deep, that we might sin
the more, and that we might desp)air, and be
damned. Job i. 11 ; ii. 5.

'And the fountains of the great deep.' When
God begins to slack and abate the afflictions of his
church, he rebukes, as it were first, the powers of
hell ; for should he take off his own hand, while
they have leave to do what they list, the church
for this would be worse not better : But first he
rebuketh them : ' The Lord rebuke thee, Satan, '
that's the first ; and then he clothes them ' with
change of raiment : ' Zec. iii. 1—5. The fountains of
the great deep were stopped, and then the bottles
of heaven. Ge.xv.14.

' And the rain from heaven was restrained, or

calling upon others to submit to God's gospel. Solemn hypo-
crites, fearful -will be yom- end. — Ed.


held bad:, oi* made to cease. Afilictions are
^•overned by God, both as to time, number, nature
and measure. * In measure when it shooteth forth,
thou wilt debate with it: he stayetli his rough
wind in the day of his east wind. ' Is. xxvU. 8. Our
times therefore, and our conditions in those times,
are in the hand of God ; yea, and so are our
soids and bodies, to be kept and preserved from
the evil, vv'hiie the red of God is upon us. Je. xv.


Vev. 3. 'And the waters returned from off the
earth continually : and after the end of the hun-
dred and fifty days the waters v/ere abated.'

The verso before doth treat of the original, the
fountains of the deep, and the windows of heaven,
that they vrere shut, cr stopped ; which being done,
the effect beginneth to cease. Hence note, that
ease and release fz-om persecution and affliction
cometli not by chance, or by the good moods, or
gentle dispositions of men, but the Lord doth liold
them back from sin, the Lord restraineth them.
It is said * the Lord stirred up the adversaries of
Solomon.' 1 iu.xi.i-}, 23. Again, when the Syrians
fought against Jehoshaphat, 'the Lord helped him,
and God moved them to depart from him.' 2 Ch. xvm.
31. The Lord sent the flood, and the Lord took it

' And the waters returned from oil the earth
continually.' When God ceaseth to be angry, the
hearts and dispositions of the adversaries shall be
palliated, and made more flexible. It is said,
when the afflictions of Israel were ended in Egypt,
the hearts of the people were turned to pity them ;
yea, he caused them ' to be pitied of all those that
carried them captives.' Ps. cvi. 4G.

When you see therefore, that the hearts of kings
and governors begin to be moderated toward the
church of God, then acknowledge that this is the
hand of God. ' I,' saith he, ' will cause the enemy
to entreat thee locll in the time of evil, and in the
time of afiliction. ' Je. xv. ii. Eor by waters here are
typed out the great and mighty of the world, by
the flowing of them, their rage ; and by their
ebbing and returning their stillness and modera-

'And the waters returned.' That is, to the
sea. Ge. i. 9, 10. ' He ga there th the waters of the sea
together as an heaj) : he layeth up the depth in
store houses.' Ps. xxxiii. 7.

By 'gathering up,' the persecutors may be
understood, his gathering them to their graves, as
he did Herod, who stood in the way of Christ.
Mat. ii. 19, 20. And as he did those in Ezekiel, who
hindered the promotion of truth, and the exaltation
of the gospel, xxxi. 11.

'And after the end of the hundred and fifty
days the waters were abated.' These words then
imply, that for so long tune, Noah, and the

church with him, were to exercise patience. Tlicj
also show us. That when the waters are up, tliey
do not suddenly faU : They were up four hundred
years, from Abraham to Moses. Ge. xv. 13. They
were up threescore and ten years in the days of
the captivity of Babylon ; Je. xxv. 12. and Zc. i. 13. They
were up ten mystical days in the persecution tliao
was in the days of Antipas. Re. ii. 10. And are to
be up forty and two months, in the reign, and
imder the tyranny of antichrist, xiii. 5. But they
vi'ill abate ; the house of Saul will grow weaker ;
yea, they shall be gathered to their sea, and shall
be laid in the pit ; yea, they shall not be on tlie
earth, when God shall set glory in the land of the

living. Ezc. xxvi. 10—21.

Ver. 4. IT * And the ark rested in the seventh
month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon
the mountains of Ararat. '

These instances therefore were a type of Christ,
the munition of rocks, is. xxxiii. ic. who is elsevrhcro
called, the mountain of the Lord's house ; Mi. iv. 1.
the lock upon which he v/ill build his church, and
the gates of hell shaU not prevail against it. Mat. xvi.
18. For after the ark had felt the ground, or had
got settlement upon the tops of these mountains ;
hovfever, the waters that came from the great deep,
did notwithstanding, for some time, shake, and
make it stir, yet oft from these mountains they
could not get it with aU their rage and fury. It
rested there ; these gates of hell could not prevail.
But mark, it did rest on these mountains almost a
quarter of a year, before any ground appeared to
Noah. A right figure of saving faith ; for that
maketh not outward observation a ground and
foimdation for faith, but Christ the rock, who as
to sense and feeling is at first quite out of sight.
Hence the hope of the godly is compared to the
anchor of a ship, which resteth on, or taketh hold
of the rock that is now invisible under the vrater,
at the bottom of the sea. He. \i. id.

This then should learn us to stay on the Lord
Jesus, and there to rest Avhen the vfaters have
drowned all the world, and when all the mountains
and hills for help are as if they were cast into the
midst of the sea.

That is an excellent saying of the prophet, 'God
is our refuge and strength, a very present help iu
trouble. Therefore will not we fear, though the
earth be removed, (as now it seemed) and though
the mountains be carried into the midst of the
sea; Though the waters thereof roar and be
troubled; though the mountains shako v/ith the
swelhug thereof. Sclah.' Ps. .\ivi. 1— 3.

Ver. 5. ' And the waters decreased continually
until the tenth month: iu the tenth month, on the
first day of the month, were the tops of the moun-
tains seen.'

In the third verse we read, that after an huu-



<lred and fifty days' flood, the waters returned; that
is, hegan to return, from off the earth: Which
beginning of their return, '.vas, because that God
had mercifully remembered the prayer and afflic-
tion of Noah. Again, in this verse we read, that
from the day that the ark did rest upon the moun-
tains of Ararat, the waters decreased continually.
Now the resting of the ark on the mountain, was
a figm-e of our trusting on Christ. Hence it fol-
lows, that the tumults and raging of the mystical
waters, are made to decrease by the power of faith :
* This is the victory, even our faith. ' i Ju. v. -i. As
it is also said of Moses, * By faith they passed
through the Red sea. ' lie. xi. 29. But above all take
that as most pertinent, ' Through faith they sub-
dued kingdoms, - stopped the mouths of hons, -
and turned to flight the annies of aliens.' He. xi. 33,
Si. Here you see faith made the waters decrease ;
it took away the heat and rage of tlie adversary.

' And the waters decreased continually until the
tenth month, (another period of time,) and in the
first day of the tenth month were the tops of the
mountains seen.' These mountains were before
the flood, a type of the hope of the hypocrites, and
therefore then were swallowed up, fifteen cubits
under the waters. But now, methinks, they should
be a figure to the church of some visible ground of
deliverance from the fl.ood ; for almost three months
the ark did rest on the invisible mountains of
Ai'arat. But now are the tops of the mountains
seen : A further sign that the waters were abated ;
and a ground, that at length they would be quite
dried up. Let these mountains then be types of
the high and mighty, which God is used to stir up
to deliver his church from the heat and rage of
t}Tanny and persecution, as they are often termed
and called in scripture, the mountains of Israel,
for this very end. So then, from our thus con-
sidering the mountains, Two things wc are taught

1. That Ti'hcn the great ones of this world
begin to discover themselves to the church, by way
of encouragement, it is a sign that the waters are
now decreasing. Or thus : When God lets us see
the tops of the mountains, then we may certainly
conclude, that the rage of the waters abate.

Doubtless when God made promise of raising up
Josias to Israel, in Canaan; 1 Ki. xiu. 1— 3. and of
raising up for them Cyrus, in Babylon, is. .\lv. and
Eze. i. 1—3. The thus appearing of the tops of these
mountains, was comfort to the church in her day
of afilictiou.

2. This should teach us while we are in afflic-
tion, to look this way and that, if it may be that
the tops of the mountains may be seen by us.
1 ?a. xi. 1—3. For though it be too much belovf a
Christian to place his confidence in men, yet when
God shall raise up Josias ur a Cyrus, we may take

encouragement at this working of God. Therefore
is that in the Psahns read both ways, shall I look
to the mountains ? ' I will lift up mine eyes unto
the hills, from whence cometh my help. Yet so,
as that he would also conclude his help did come
from the Lord. ' Ps. exxi. 1, 3. So then, we must take
heed that we look not to the mountains [alone].
Again, it is our wisdom ' to look to the mountains :'
only look not to them but when God discovers them.
Look unto them if God discovercth them ; yet then
but so as means of God's appointing. But again,
God doth not let us see the hills for our help,
before we have first of all seen them drov,-ned.
Look not to them therefore while the water is at
the rising ; but if tliey begin to cease their raging,
if they begin to fall, and with that the tops of the

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