John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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enumerate Lud Charlton, bishop of Hereford ;
George Charlton, bishop of Landaff; and Guy
Charlton, bishop of Chichester.

wards called Red Castle), raised
a body of the Welsh, and regu-
larly besieged it, his niece and her
husband being at that time residing
therein ; whereupon the king directed
his precept to Roger de Mortimer,
then justice of Wales, to march
thither for their relief and protection.
Again, however, they were disturbed
by the said Gryffin, who had summons
to appear before the king, to answer
for his proceedings : and to render
John Charlton and his wife more
secure in their title, they had a royal
charter in the 7th of Edward II. con-
firmatory of all their lands and castles
in North Wales, South Wales, and
Powys ; in which year (26th July,
1313) John Charlton was summoued
to parliament as Baron Charlton,
and from that period to 25th July,
1353. His lordship was subsequently
Justice of Ireland, and dying in 1353,
was s. by his son,

John de Charlton, second baron,
who was *. by his son,

John DECHARLTON,third baron,

who was s. by his brother,
Edward de Charlton, fourth
baron,who leaving daughters
only, the title is supposed to
have fallen into abeyance,
as it still continues. (See



Burke s Extinct and Dor-
mant Peerage.)

2. Alan, of whom we have to treat.

3. Isabella, in. to John de Sutton, lord
of Dudley, from which alliance de-
rived the earls of Warwick and Lei-

The second son,

Sir Alan Charlton, knt. of Appley Cas-
tle, marrying- Ellen, one of the co-heirs of
the Lord Zouch, acquired the lordship of
Wisheford. In the 5th of Edward II. he
was constituted governor of Montgomery
and Wigmore Castles, and obtained per-
mission from the king to embattle his own
castle of Appley. His son and successor,
Thomas Charlton, was s. by his son,
Thomas Charlton, whose son,
Robert Charlton, was father of
Richard Charlton, who in. twice. By
his first wife he had a son, William, and by
the second, (a daughter of — Mainwaring,
of Peover) a son,

Richard Charlton, of Tearne, who in.
twice, and had issue,

Robert Charlton, who was father of
Robert Charlton, who espoused Alice,
daughter and co-heir of Richard Tyler, of
Hardwicke, in the county of Salop, and had
two sons,

Andrew, who m. first, Judith, daughter
of Edward Cludd, esq. and secondly,
Frances, only daughter of Sir Philip
Eyton, of Eyton, knt. Hence derived
the Charltons of Shropshire.
The second son,

Robert Charlton, esq. of Whitton, who
suffered severely for his loyal adherence to
King Charles II. m. first, Emma, daughter
of Thomas Harby, esq. of Adston, in the
county of Northampton, and sister to Sir
Job Harby, knt. by whom he had issue,
Job, his successor.
Clement, > ,
James, \ d ' J ™*
Emma, m. to Sir Henry Barnard, by
whom she was grandmother of the
Duke of Chandos, Lord Middleton,
and Earl Tilney.
Elizabeth, m. to — Serle, esq. and had


Katherine, in. to — Cooke, esq. of

Thursley, in the county of Derby.

He espoused, secondly, Anne, daughter of

Richard Wyche, esq. and sister to Sir Peter

Wyche, knt. by whom he had four sons and

four daughters, Avho all d. unmarried, except
Lettice, the wife of John Bright, esq. of
Acton, in the county of Salop.

His only surviving son and successor,
Sir Job Charlton, received the honor of
knighthood, was appointed chief justice of
Chester, and nominated one of the judges of
the Common Pleas, temp. Charles II. In
the 2nd of James II. he was advanced to the
dignity of a baronet, and was speaker of the
House of Commons. He espoused, first,
Dorothy, daughter and heiress of William
Blunden, esq. of Bishop's Castle, by whom
he had four sons, and three daughters, viz.
Francis, his successor.
William, ^

Job, r d. unmarried.

Robert, '

Jane, in. to Thomas Hanmer, esq. of the
Fenns, in Flintshire, and had two sons,

William and Job, and a daughter,

in. to admiral Cornwall, of Berington.
Dorothy, in. to Sir Edward Leighton,of

Wattlesborough, bart.
Mary, in. to — ■ Burreil, esq. of Essex.
Sir Job m. secondly, Lettice, daughter of
Walter Waring, esq. of Oldbury, and had
further issue,

Gilbert, who m. Anne, daughter and co-
heir of — Staunton, esq. of Staunton,
in Nottinghamshire, and had a son,
Job- Staunton Charlton, esq. of Staun-
Emma, m. first, to Thomas Cornwallis,
esq. of Abermarles, and secondly, to
Dr. John Robinson, lord bishop of
Sir Job Charlton was s. at his decease, 27th
May, 1697, by his eldest son,

Sir Francis Charlton, bart. who m. first,
Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of the Rev.
Mr. Bromwych, by whom he had a son,
Blundel, his successor ; and secondly,
Miss Cam, by whom he left two sons, and a
daughter, Emma, in. to John Lloyd, esq. of
Aston, in Shropshire. Sir Francis d. 21st
April, 1729, and was s. by his son,

Sir Blundel Charlton, bart. who in.
Mary, sister of Lord Foley, and had issue,
Francis (Sir), his successor, as sixth
baronet, who d. unmarried, in 1784,
when the title expired.
Robert-Job, in holy orders, rector of
Brampton, in the county of Hereford ;
and vicar of Kidderminster, Worces-
tershire, d. before his brother, unm.
Emma, d. unmarried.



Elizabeth, m. to Edmund Lechmere,*

esq. of Hanlcy Castle, in the county
of Worcester, knight in parliament
for that shire, in 1734, and had issue,
Nicholas Lechmere, of Hanley
Castle, b. in 1733, who succeeded
to the Charlton estates upon the
demise of his uncle, Sir Francis
Charlton, in 1784, and assumed
that additional surname. He es-
poused Susanna, daughter of. les-
son Case, esq. of Powyck, and
had issue,

1. Edmi'nd, present possessor.

2. Francis, b. in 1790.

* Mr. Lechmere was representative of the
ancient family of that name, for an account of
which, see article Pateshali., of Allensmore.

3. Emma, d. in 1809.
Mr. Lechmere Charlton, was s. at his
decease by his elder son,

Edmund Lechmere-Charlton, esq.
now representative of the two fa-
milies of Lechmere and Charlton.
Arms — Quarterly; first and fourth, or, a
lion rampant, gu. for Charlton. Second
and third, gu. a fess between three pelicans
or, vulning their breasts ppr. for Lechmere.
Crests — A leopard's head front faced, gu.
for Charlton. Out of a ducal coronet, a
pelican, vulning itself, ppr.

Estates — Hanley, Worcestershire ; Wil-
ton, Shropshire ; andLudford, in the county
of Hereford.

Seats — Ludford, Herefordshire ; Whitton
Court, Shropshire ; and Hanley Castle, in
the county of Worcester.


PETER, WILLIAM, esq. of Harlyn, in the county of Cornwall, b. 22nd March,

1785 ; m. 12th January, 1809, Frances, only daughter and
heiress of John Thomas, esq. of Chiverton, in the same
county, by whom he has issue,

John-Thomas-Henry, of Christ Church, Oxford, b. 23rd

January, 1810.
William-Rous, an ensign of the 67th foot, b. 15th May,

Robert-Godolphin, b. 31st July, 1818.
George-Carew, b. 3rd August, 1821.
Algernon, b. 9th May, 1823.
Granville-Carminow, b. 15th December, 1825.

Mr. Peter has been, for many years, a deputy warden and lieutenant, and one of the
chairmen of the Court of Quarter Sessions, of the county of Cornwall.


This family has been for several centuries
resident, and possessed of lands, in the west
of England. According to Risdon and other
antiquaries, the Lady Alice Pole, in the
reign of Henry III. gave the manor and cas-
tle of Compton, in Devonshire, " to one of
the family of Peter, whose posterity after-
wards took the name of the place." Another
branch settled at Torr-Newton, in the adja-
cent parish of Torr-Brian, of which was,

John Peeter or Petre, who lived in the
reigns of Richard II. and Henry IV. By
his wife Alice he left issue two sons,

1. John, his successor.

2. Nicholas, who succeeded to his mo-
ther's estates in Dorsetshire, and re-
siding at Bakebeare, in that county,
was M.P. for Shaftesbury in the 28th
of Henry VI. and <t. s. p.

John Peter, the elder brother, inherited



his father's estates in Devonshire, and left
issue hy his wife, a son named

William Peter, who, as it appears from
an inquisition taken in the 12th of Edward
IV. was seised of Torr-Newton, Bakebeare,
and other lands in the counties of Devon,
Dorset, and Hants, and was at that time
twenty-four years of age. By his wife
Joan, he had several children, among whom

1. John, who inherited Torr-Newton
and other estates in Devon, and who,
hy Alice, daughter of John Collins,
esq. of Woodlands, in the same coun-
ty, was father of Sir William Peter
or Petre, principal secretary of state
in the reigns of Henry VIII., Edward
VI., Mary, and Elizabeth, and an-
cestor of the Lords Petre, of Writ-
tie, in the county of Essex.

2. William.

William Peter, the younger son, suc-
ceeded to his father's estates at Milton in
Hampshire, and Bakeheare in Dorsetshire,
and further increased his patrimony hy his
marriage with Joan, the only daughter of
Sir Roger Arundel, of Calwoodley, in the
county of Devon, by which lady he had
issue three sons,

1. Roger, who d. young.

2. William, who succeeded his father,
but d. s. p. in the 37th Henry VIII.

3. John.
The third son,

John Peter, resided at Bowliay, near
Exeter, and was one of the representatives
of that city in the first parliament of Philip
and Mary. He married his cousin Wilmot,
daughter of John Peter, esq. of Torr-New-
ton, and sister to Sir William Petre, and died
in 1579, at a very advanced age, leaving a
numerous progeny of sons and daughters,
amongst whom were

1. John, who was M.P. for Dartmouth
in the 1st of Philip and Mary (the
same parliament in which his father
represented Exeter), and d. s. p. in
the life-time of his father.

2. Otho, who succeeded his father in his
Devonshire estates, and was seated at

* Bowhay descended from father to son to John
Peter, esq. of Bowhay, who left an only daughter,
Frances, who to. Sir Allen Apsle}^, governor
of the Tower, and had issue,

1. Sir. Peter- Arsi.EY, whose only daugh-

3. Thomas.

Thomas Peter, the third son, to whom his
father had made gift of divers lands in Corn-
wall (which lands had been acquired by Wil-
liam Peter in marriage with Joan Arundel),
espoused Agnes, daughter of Thomas Godol-
phin, esq.-f (by his second wife, a daughter
of — Granville), and was*, by his eldestson,

Robert Peter, esq. who was bred a sol-
dier, and served with credit under Sir Ed-
ward Poynings at Havre, and in the Low
Countries. In the 13th of Elizabeth he was
M. P. for Fowey, in the 14th, for Penryn,
and in the 2Sth of the same reign, for Dart-
mouth. He m. Thomasine, daughter of John
Kestell, of Kestell, in the county of Corn-
wall, esq. and left issue,

Henry Peter, esq. who was M.P. for
Fowey in the first parliament of James I.
and who m. in 1609, Deborah, daughter of
John Treffry, esq. of Place. Henry Peter
d. in 1619, leaving issue, a son,

Thomas Peter, esq. 6. in 1610, who m. in
1632, Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress
of Henry Michell, esq. of Harlyn, in the
county of Cornwall, which place had been
acquired by the Michells, in the reign of
Henry VII. in marriage with an heiress of
the Tregoyes, a family, which, according to
Carew, ranked amongst the English nobility,
in the time of William the Conqueror.
Having been an active royalist in the civil
wars, between Charles and his Parliament,

ter and heiress, Catherine, m. her cou-
sin Allen, first Earl Bathurst.
2. Frances, to. to Sir Benjamin Bathurst.
Upon Otho Peter (a member of this branch of
the family) the following curious epitaph is to be
seen in Exminster Church, near Exeter.

" In sempiternam memoriam Othonis Peter
armigeri ma?stissimus ejus Alius hoc monumentum
p. p. p.

Conditur hac Petra pietatis Petra Petaeus

Omen habet nomen nam Petra vera fuit

Vicinis pacis — sponsa; constantiae — amoris

Natis — pauperibus Petra patrocinii
Indole tam propria, quam stemmate fulsit avito

Marte suo clarus, conjuge, Prole, Patre
Fama fidesque viri nobiscum in saecula prrestat,

Mens generosa Deum coelitus orta petit
Sic Petra Petram operit, — corpus Petra, nenipe
Petnei hasc,
At Christe fructur mens meliore Petra.
Ob' . . . die Junii 1607.
t The Duke of Leeds, the representative of this
ancient family, is descended from Thomas Godol-
phin, by his first wife, who was a daughter of
Edmund Bonithon, ofBonithon, esq.



Thomas Peter was for a long time impri-
soned by Cromwell, but procured his release
2nd February, 1653, through the influence
and interference of his maternal kinsman,
the celebrated Hugh Peters,* who was chap-
lain to the Protector. He d. in 1675, leav-
ing issue three sons, and a daughter, ,

the wife of Henry Vincent, esq.

His eldest son and successor,

Gregory Peter, esq. of Harlyn, was High
Sheriff of Cornwall in the last year of King-
William's and the first of Queen Anne's
reign. He was m. in 1658, to Elizabeth,
daughter of John Goove, of Goovehayes, in
the county of Devon, esq. and dying in 1710,
was s. by his son,

John Peter, esq. who m. in 1685, Ann,
second daughter of Sir John Coryton, of
Newton-Ferrars, bart. M.P. for the county
of Cornwall, and d. in 1733, leaving issue
(besides several daughters),

1. Henry, his successor.

2. William, Rector of Mawnan, who,
by his wife Elizabeth, daughter of
the Rev. William Smith, chaplain to
Queen Anne, left issue two sons,

William, m. to Harriet, daughter
and co-heiress of the Honourable
George Hamilton, second son of
James, sixth Earl of Abercorn.

Robert, Rector of Sully, who m.
Martha, daughter of — Frank-
lin, esq. of Glamorganshire.

3. Jonathan, of Porthcothan, who m.
Mary, daughter of Henry Hoblyn,
esq. by Bridget, daughter and co-
heiress of John Carew, of Penwarne,
esq. and grandaughter of the cele-
brated Richard Carew, of Antony,
author of the ' Survey of Cornwall/ &c.

Mr. Peter was an active magistrate and
country gentleman, and was s. at his decease
by his eldest son,

Henry Peter, esq. High Sheriff of the
county of Cornwall in the 20th of George II.
By his wife Mary, only daughter and heiress
of William Harpur, esq. of Trevarthen

* Hugh Peters (of a family which had been
driven from Antwerp, on account of its religion)
was the son of Thomas Dykewoode Peters, a mer-
chant of Fowey, by Martha, daughter of John
Treffiry, esq. of Place. The name of Peters was
first assumed by Thomas Dqkeuoode, the grandfa-
therof Hugh. The Rev. Charles Peters, the learned
Commentator on the Book of Job, and the able an-
tagonist of Bishop Warburton, was of this family.

(descended from the ancient Derbyshire fa-
mily of that name), he had issue a son, and

William Peter, esq. who m. his cousin
Mary, daughter of Jonathan Peter, esq. of
Porthcothan, and resided at Harlyn. Like
his ancestors for many generations, —

" Whose doom contending neighbours sought,
Content with equity unbought."

he discharged the duties of a county magis-
trate and English country gentleman, with
no less credit to himself than advantage to
all around him, and dying in 1776, was s. by
his eldest surviving son,

Henry Peter, for many years colonel of
the Royal Cornwall Militia, and a magistrate
and deputy warden and lieutenant of the
county. He was m. in 1782, to Anna Maria
youngest daughter of the late Thomas Rous,
esq. of Piercefield, in the county of Mon-
mouth, and dying in 1821, has been s. by
his eldest son, William Peter, esq. now of
Harlyn, and representative of this ancient

Arms — 1. Gules on a bend or, between
two escallop shells argent, a Cornish chough
proper between two cinquefoils azure, for
Peter. 2. Argent a saltire sable, for Co-
ryton. 3. Argent on a chevron azure, be-
tween three cinquefoils gules, as many
horse-shoes or, for Ferrars. 4. Gules two
lions passant guardant or, for Bodulgate.

Crest— Two lions' heads erased and en-
dorsed, the first or, the second azure, gorged
with a plain collar counterchanged.

Mottoes — Sans Dieu rien, and Sub liber-
tate quietem.

Estates — The manor of Tregellow, with
Trelouza, and other lands in the parish of
Padstow. A part of the property acquired
by William Peter with Joan Arundel.

Harlyn, and other estates in the parishes
of St. Merryn, St. Ervan, Little Petheric,
Padstow, &c. acquired in 1632, with the
heiress of Mitchell.

The manor of Trefeock, with Trevarthen
and Trentinny, came by the heiress of Har-
pur, in 1717.

Chiverton, with the manors of Tywarn-
hayle, Bosvellack, Ventongemps, and other
lands in the parishes of St. Agnes, St. Allen,
Cnhert, Newlyn, &c. acquired with the heir-
ess of Thomas.

Seats — Harlyn near Padstow, and Chi-
verton, near Truro, in the county of Corn-



Ef)t IStng's <Ef)ampion.

DYMOKE, HENRY, Esq. of Scrivelsby Court, in the county of Lincoln, The Honor-
able The King's Champion, b. 5th March, 1801 ; suc-
ceeded to the estates and the hereditary championship at
the decease of his father, the Reverend John Dymoke, on
the 3rd Dec. 1828, having previously executed the official
duties of champion as deputy for that gentleman at the co-
ronation of his late Majesty King George IV. Mr.
Dymoke m. 14th January, 1823, Emma, daughter of Wil-
liam Pearce, esq. of Weasenhall, in Norfolk, and Holm Cot-
tage, Richmond, Surrey, by whom he has an only daughter,
Emma- Jane, b. 11th February, 1826.

This gentleman is the seventeenth of his family who has
inherited the ancient office of Champion.


This family ranks in point of antiquity,
male and female, with the most ancient in
the kingdom. It derives the singular office
of champion from the celebrated baronial
house of Marmyun, or Marmyon, with the
feudal manor of Scrivelsby, to which the
championship is attached.

At the time of the Norman Conquest,
Robert de Marmyon, Lord of Fontney,
in Normandy, having by grant of King Wil-
liam the castle of Tamworth, in the county
of Warwick, with the adjacent lands, ex-
pelled the nuns from the abbey of Poles-
worth, to a place called Oldbury, about four
miles distant. " After which," (writes Sir
William Dugdale,) " within the compass
of a twelvemonth, as it is said, making a
costly entertainment at Tamworth Castle,
for some of his friends, amongst whom was
Sir Walter de Somervile, Lord of Which-
ever, in the county of Stafford, his sworn
brother, it happened, that as he lay in his
bed, St. Edith appeared to him in the habit
of a veiled nun, with a crosier in her hand,
and advertised him, that if he did not restore
the abbey of Polesworth, which lay within
the territories belonging to his castle of Tam-
worth, unto her successors, he should have
an evil death, and go to hell. And, that lie
might be the more sensible of this her admo-
nition, she smote him on the side with the
point of her crosier, and so vanished away.
Moreover, that by this stroke being much

wounded, he cryed out so loud, that his
friends in the house arose; and, finding him
extremely tormented with the pain of his
wound, advised him to confess himself to a
priest, and vow to restore the nuns to their
former possessions. Furthermore, that hav-
ing so done, his pain ceased ; and that in ac-
complishment of his vow, accompanied by Sir
Walter de Somervile, and the rest, he forth-
with rode to Oldbury ; and, craving pardon
of the nuns for the injury done, brought them
back to Polesworth, desiring that himself,
and his friend Sir Walter de Somervile,
might be reputed their patrons, and have
burial for themselves and their heirs in the
abbey — the Marmions in the chapter house
— the Somerviles in the cloyster. However
some circumstances in this story (continues
Dugdale,) may seem fabulous, the substance
of it is certainly true ; for it expressly ap-
peareth by the very words of his charter,
that he gave to Osanna the prioress, for the
establishing of the religion of those nuns there,
the church of St. Edith, of Polesworth, with
its appurtenances, so that the convent of Old-
bury should remain in that place ; and like-
wise bestowed upon them the whole lordship
of Polesworth : which grant King Stephen
afterwards confirmed." The castle and ma-
nor of Tamworth, in Warwickshire, and the
manor of Scrivelsby, in the county of Lin-
coln, were granted by the Conqueror to this
Robert de Marmion, to be held by grand



serjeanty, " to perform the office of cham-
pion at the king's coronation," (the Mar-
mions, it is said, were hereditary champions
to the Dukes of Normandy, prior to the con-
quest of England). Robert Marmion was
succeeded at his decease by his son and

Robert df. Marmyon, Lord of Fontney,
in Normandy, where he possessed a fortified
castle, which was besieged by Geoffrey, of
Anjou, in the 4th of King Stephen, and de-
molished. This Robert having a great enmity
to the Earl of Chester, who had a noble seat
at Coventry, entered the priory there in the
8th of Stephen, and, expelling the monks,
turned it into a fortification, digging at the
same time divers deep ditches in the adjacent
fields, which he caused to be covered over
with earth, in order to secure the approaches
thereto ; but the Earl of Chester's forces
drawing near, as he rode out to reconnoitre,
he fell into one of those very ditches, and
broke his thigh, so that a common soldier,
presently seizing him, cut off his head. He
was s. by his son,

Robert de Marmion, who, in the 31st
Henry II., being constituted sheriff of Wor-
cestershire, continued in that office until the
end of the four-and-thirtieth year of the
same reign. He was also justice itinerant
in Warwickshire, and some other counties,
and again sheriff of Worcestershire in the
1st of Richard I. In five years afterwards
he attended that monarch into Normandy,
and in the 15th of King John he was in the
expedition then made into Poictou. This
feudal lord died about the year 1217, leaving
issue, by different mothers,
Robert, his successor.
Robert, jun., who had the estate of Wi-
tringham and Coninsby, in the county
of Lincoln.
William, of Torington.
He was s. by his eldest son,

Robert de Marmion, who appears to have
sided with the French, when they seized
upon Normandy in the beginning of King
John's reign, for the murder of Arthur, Duke
of Brittany ; but afterwards to have made his
peace, for in the 5th of Henry III. he had
livery of Tamworth Castle and his father's
other lands. He is supposed to have re-
turned to Normandy in twelve years after-
wards, and to have died there in 1241, when
he was s. by his son,

Philip de Marmion, who was sheriff for
the counties of Warwick and Leicester, from


the 33rd to the 36th of Henry III.— in the
latter of which years he was questioned for
sitting with Richard de Mundevill, and the

rest of the justices, for gaol delivery at War-
wick, having no commission so to do. The
next year he attended the king into Gascony ;
upon his return whence he was taken pri-
soner by the French at Pontes, in Poictou,
with John de Plessets, then Earl of War-
wick, notwithstanding they had letters of
safe conduct from the king of France. In
the 45th of the same reign this feudal lord
had summons to be at London with divers of
the nobility, upon the morrow after Simon
and Jade's day ; in which year the defection
of many of the barons began further to ma-
nifest itself, by their assuming the royal
prerogative, in placing sheriffs throughout
different shires. In this period of difficulty
Philip de Marmion, being of unimpeachable
loyalty, had, by special patent from the
king, the counties of Suffolk and Norfolk
committed to his custody, with the castles of
Norwich and Orford : a well-judged confi-
dence, for through all the subsequent for-
tunes of Henry III. he never once swerved
from his allegiance. He was present at the
battle of Lewes — and his fidelity was re-
warded after the royal victory of Evesham,
by some valuable grants for life, and the
governorship of Kenilworth Castle. Hem.
Joane, youngest daughter, and eventually
sole heiress of Hugh de Kilpec, of Kilpec
Castle, in Herefordshire, by whom he had
four daughters, his co-heirs, viz.

Joane, m. to William Morteyn, and died

s. p. in 1294.
Margery, in. to Ralph Cromwell, and
had an only daughter and heiress,
Joane, m. to Alexander, Baron Fre-
ville, whose grandson,
Sir Baldwin de Freville,
Lord Freville, claimed the

Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 10 of 112)