John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

. (page 103 of 112)
Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 103 of 112)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

Motto — Mon Dieu est ma roche.
Estates — In the counties of Kilkenny,
Limerick, and Clare.

Seat — Granagh Castle, Kilkennyshire.

* In the year 1724, this Doctor Ankettle was
a student of medicine at Paris, when John Fitz-
gibbon, father of the Lord Chancellor Fitzgibbon,
Earl of Clare, visited that capital to pursue a
course, not of divinity, as Sir Jonah Barrington
states, but of medicine. Young Fitzgibbon im-
mediately sought his townsman, who was allowed
a day to show Paris to his friend, and both tra-
versed the city accordingly in all directions. At
length thev stopped at a late hour to visit the ca-
thedral of Notre Dame, in the immediate vicinity
of their college ; and exhausted with fatigue, fell
so soundly asleep on the benches of the choir, as
to escape the sexton's closing the church at night.
It was past midnight when the youths awoke,
and finding themselves thus immured, touched in
their groping about the bell-rope, and soon made
the great chimes resound to the no small amaze-
ment of the worthy sexton, and alarm of the
good city of Paris. Thev were, of course, quietly
liberated. John Fitzgibbon subsequently relin-
ijuished Ins medical studies, and was called to the
Irish bar in 1732, when he successfully laid the
foundation of his prosperous house.



SHAWE, ROBERT-NEWTON, esq. of Kesgrave Hall, in the county of Suffolk,
b. 26th October, 1784, m. 31st October, 1811, Frances-Anne, daughter of Thomas
Jones, esq. of Stapleton, in Gloucestershire. Mr. Shawe is a magistrate and deputy-
lieutenant for the county of Suffolk, and one of the representatives of its eastern
division in parliament. He is likewise (jointly with John Moseley, esq. of Glemham)
chairman of the Woodbridge quarter sessions.


Joseph Shawe, esq. of Liverpool, mer-
chant, espoused Dorothy, eldest daughter
and co-heir of John Wingfield,* esq. of
Hasleborough Hall, in the county of Derby,
and was s. by his son,

William Shawe, esq. of Preston, in the
county of Lancaster. This gentleman mar-
ried Anne, elder daughter of Foster Cun-
liffe, esq. who died in 1758, and sister of Sir
Ellis Cunliffe, the first baronet of that fa-
mily, twice M. P. for Liverpool. By this
lady Mr. Shawe had a son and successor,

William-Cunliffe Shawe, esq. of Sin-
gleton Lodge, in the county of Lancaster,
and of Southgate House, Middlesex, born
in 1744, who was returned to two successive
parliaments by the borough of Preston. He
wedded, first, Dorothy, daughter of Richard

* This John Wingfield, who d. 5th March,
1731-2, was of a most ancient and respectable
family in the county of Suffolk, being descended
from Sir Humphrey Wingfield, of Brantham Hall,
in that shire, speaker of the House of Commons
temp. Henry VIII.

Whitehead, esq. of Preston, and had with
a daughter, Elizabeth- Aune, who died in
infancy, one son, Robert-Newton, his
heir. Mr. Shawe m. secondly, Philippa,
daughter of Charles Pole, esq. of Southgate,
in the county of Middlesex, a branch of the
ancient family of the same name seated at
Radburn, in the county of Derby, by whom
he had further issue,

Samuel-Pole, who m. Mary, daughter

of Edward Egan, esq. of Southgate.
Charles-Augustus, a captain in the

Coldstream Guards.

Foster-Cunliffe,? , ,, ■.. ■% _
EUis '£ both died young.

Francis-Manley, captain in the Cold-
stream Guards.
Frances-Anne, who m. John Phillips,
esq. of Culban House, in the county
of Oxford, and died 26th June, 1824,
leaving seven children.
Elizabeth-Sophia, m. to Mansergh St.
George, esq. of Headford Castle, in
the county of Galway, Ireland.
Philippa-Emma, m. to Philip Henry
Powys, esq. eldest son of Philip-
Lybbe Powys, esq. of Hardwich
House, in the county of Oxford.
Mr. Shawe died in 1821, aged seventy-
seven, and was s. by his eldest son, the pre-
sent Robert-Newton Shawe, esq. of Kes-
grave Hall, M.P. for the eastern division
of the county of Suffolk.

Arms — Arg. a chev. ermine, a canton gu.
Quartering the ensigns of Wingfield.

Crest — A falcon volant.

Estates — Kesgrave, in Suffolk ; Hasle-
borough Hall, and Norton House, in the
county of Derby ; and Singleton Lodge,

Town Residence — 20, Wigmore Street,
Cavendish Square.

Seat — Kesgrave Hall, near Ipswich.



CALVERLEY, THOMAS, esq. of the Broad, in the county of Sussex, and of
Ewell Castle, in Surrey, to. 1st June, 1829, Elizabeth Goldwyer, widow of Charles
Blagrave, esq. of Berkeley Square, and sole heiress of James Hill, esq. of Prospect
Hill, in the county of Berks, descended, in the female line, from the family of Ken-
rick, one of the most ancient in that shire.


N ^^v/ 7

This ancient family, originally bearing
the name of Scott, was founded by

John Scott, who came to England in the
suite of the Lady Maud, on that princess's
marriage with Henry I. He espoused Lar-
derina, daughter of Alphonsus Gospatrick,
a person of great note in those days, and
thereby acquired the lordship of Calverley,
in Yorkshire, with several other manors.
His son and heir,

John Scott, Lord of Calverley in right
of his mother, was steward of the household
to the empress Mald. He to. the daughter
of Sir John Lutterell, knt. of Hooton Pannal,
and was s. by his eldest son,

Walter Scott, or Calverley, of Cal-
verley, who gave to the chapel of the blessed
Virgin Mary, at York, the vicarage of Cal-
verley, temp. Henry II. He wedded Joan,
daughter of Sir John Swillington, knt. and
had issue,

1. William, his heir.

2. Robert (Sir), knt.

3. Henry.

4. Thomas, who acquired the lands of
Newton, and was ancestor of the
Scotts of that place.

5. Barnard, who d. unmarried.

6. Mary, to. to Jeffrey, son of Peter de
The eldest son,

William Scott, or Calverley, of Cal-
verley, living in the first year of the reign
of Henry III. married Mabel, daughter of
Sir Nicholas Stapleton, knt. and was s. by
his son,

Walter Scot, or Calverley, of Calver-
ley, living in 1273, who wedded the dau. of
Sir John Normanville, and had several sons
from one of whom descended the Calver-
leys, of Hayton, Clareborough, Lound, &c.
in Nottinghamshire. The eldest,

William Scot, or Calverley, of Calver-
ley, the last who retained the name of
Scot, to. temp. Edward III. a daughter ot
Sir John Goldsbrough, of Goldsbrough, knt.
and was s. by his eldest son,

Sir John de Calverley, of Calverley,
living in the reign of Edward III. who in.
Johanna, daughter or niece of Sir Simon
Ward, and had a son and heir,

John de Calverley, of Calverley, high-
sheriff of the county of Rutland, and one of
the esquires to the queen, temp. Richard
II. This gentleman engaging in the wars,
on the king's part, was taken prisoner and
beheaded. Leaving no issue, he was s. by
his brother,

Walter Calverley, of Calverley, who
to. twice, but had issue only by his second
wife, Margery, dau. of John de Dineley,

Walter, his heir.

John (Sir), who was slain in battle,
fighting for King Henry IV.
The elder son and successor,

Walter Calverley, of Calverley, es-
poused Joanna, daughter of Sir John Bygod,
of Sterrington, knt. and had issue. In this
Walter's time, Calverley church being re-
built, his arms were cut or plated in the
woodwork there. He was s. by his son,

Walter Calverley, of Calverley, living
in 1429, who wedded Elizabeth, daughter of
Sir Thomas Mackingfield, knt. and had se-
veral children, viz.



William, his heir.

Thomas, who resided at Park House,
in Byrill, which with other estates had
heen settled on him. He to. Anne,
daughter and heiress of — Scargill,
and thereby acquiring great posses-
sions founded the families of Cal-
verley, of Moreley, and of the county
of Cumberland.

Robert, who had the lands of Baseford
and Broxton, in Nottinghamshire.

Alice, to. to Gilbert, son and heir of
Gilbert de Leigh, esq. of Middleton.

Isabel, to. to John Slingsby, of Scriven.

Margaret, to. to Thomas Clapham, of

Beatrice, to. to Tristram Bollyng.

, to. to Richard Kighley.

Amice, to. to Robert Baildon.

f m . to William Scott, of Scott

Anne, to. to John Wentworth, of Elms-

a11 -
-, to. to Gilbert Topchfle.

Elizabeth, a nun, at Esholt.
The eldest son,

William Calverley, knt. of Calverley,
to. 20th Henry VI. Agnes, daughter of Sir
John Tempest, and was s. at his demise by

his eldest son,

Sir William Calverley, of Calverley,
who received the honour of knighthood on
the field of battle, in the 12th Henry VII.
He wedded Alice, daughter of Sir John
Saville, of Thornhill, and left (with three
other sons and two daughters, the elder ot
the latter of whom, Agnes, espoused John
Vavasour, of Weston) a son and successor,
Sir William Calverley, knt. of Calver-
ley, who to. twice, first (temp. Henry VII.)
Isabel, daughter and heiress of John Drax,
esq. and secondly, Anne, daughter of John
Vavasor, esq. of Weston ; by the former of
whom he left a son and heir,

Sir William Calverley, of Calverley,
who was knighted about the 2nd of Edward
VI. and served the office of high sheritt lor
Yorkshire in the following year. He to.
first, 18th Henry VIII. Elizabeth, daughter
of Sir William Middleton, of Stockeld, by
whom he had, with five younger sons and
six daughters,

Walter, his heir.

Thomas, who to. Isabel, daughter ol
Mr. Anderson, of Newcastle, and
hence sprang the Calverleys of
Ayreholm, in Durham.
William, who to. the heiress of Calver-
ley, of Park House.
Sir William wedded secondly, Elizabeth,
daughter of Richard Sneyd, esq. and had
three daughters, Beatrice, m. to Robert
Hvde, of Norbury ; Jane, to Mr. Anby ;
and Elizabeth, to Mr. Hallie. Sir William

was s. (about the 13th of Elizabeth) by his
eldest son,

Sir Walter Calverley, knt. of Cal-
verley who espoused Anne, daughter ol Sir
Christopher Danby, knt. by Elizabeth, his
wife, third daughter of Richard Neville,
second Lord Latimer, and had issue,

l. William, who succeeded his father,
' and marrying Catharine, daughter of
Sir John Thornholm, knt. of Hay-
strope, had several sons and daugh-
ters, by the eldest of whom,

Walter Calverley, esq. of Cal-
verley, he was succeeded. This
gentleman to. Catherine, dau. of
Sir Henry Brooke, and was s.
by his son,

Henry Calverley, esq. of
Calverley, who married two
wives, but had issue only by
the second, Joyce, daughter
of Sir Walter Pye, of the
Mynde, attorney-general of
the Court of Wards to
Charles I. viz. a son and
Walter Calverley, esq. of
Calverley, one of the suf-
ferers to a considerable
amount in the civil wars.
He to. Frances, daughter of
Henry Thompson, esq. of
Esholt, and had a son and
Walter Calverley, esq. of
Calverley, who was created
a baronet in the 10th of
Queen Anne. Sir Walter
m. in 1706, Julia, eldest
daughter of Sir William
Blackett,bart. of Newcastle-
on-Tyne, and was succeed-
ed, at his decease in 1749,
by his only son,
Sir Walter Calverley, se-
cond baronet, of Calverley,
who wedded Elizabeth,
daughter and sole heiress
of Sir William Blackett,
bart. and thereupon as-
sumed the surname and
arms of Blackett. The
baronetcy is now extinct.
li. Christopher, living in 1568.
in. Edmund.
The third son,

Edmund Calverley, esq. was father of
Andrew Calverley, esq. to whom suc-
ceeded his son,

Edmund Calverley, esq. who was born
at Calverley 's Plain in the parish of Tun-
bridge, Kent, bought and rebuilt The Broad,
in the county of Sussex. He died in 1658,



leaving, by his wife, Eleanor Later, several
children, viz.

Richard, his heir.

John, who d. unmarried in London.

Edward, who m. Miss Barham.

William, who died unmarried.

Nathaniel, who m. Miss Brown.

Thomas, who m. Miss Holbean.

Eleanor, m. to Richard Acton, esq.

Anne, who died unmarried.

Mary, m. to John Fuller.
The eldest son,

Richard Calverley, esq. of The Broad,
espoused Miss Hardham, and had, with
other issue,

Richard Calverley, esq. who m. Miss
Elizabeth Rogers, and was father of

Thomas Calverley, esq. who m. first,
Mary Bird, and had a daughter, Elizabeth,
who dietl unmarried at the age of sixteen.
He wedded, secondly, Hannah, daughter of
Peter Gegondee, esq. and was s. by his only

Thomas Calverley, esq. who purchased
from Anthony Chamier, esq. in 1784, divers

estates in the county of Surrey. He m.
Miss Margaret Maria Foster, and had an
only child, the present Thomas Calverley,
esq. of The Broad.

Arms — Sa. an inescutcheon arg. with an
orle of eight horned owls of the second.

Crest — A horned owl arg.

Motto — En Caligine Veritas.

Estates — Ewell Estate, with the manors
of Fitznells or Fennells, Shawford or Rox-
ley, and Buttailes or Buttolphs, purchased
in 1784. The castle was bought and the
mansion erected by the present proprie-
tor in 1812. The Broad acquired in
1658 ; the estate has since been enlarged by
purchase of the manor of Warlington and
the great tithes of Hellingley, with several
farms : also several farms at Brinchley and
Lamberhurst, in Kent ; and in Sussex, in-
herited from the Forbes.

Town Residence — Berkeley Square.

Seats— The Broad ; Hellingley, Sussex ;
Ewell Castle, Surrey.


RODDAM, WILLIAM, esq. of Roddam Hall, in the county of Northumberland,
b. 4th January, 1793. This gentleman, who is the fourth son of Walter Spencer
Stanhope, esq. of Cannon Hall, in Yorkshire, inherited the estates of his kinsman and
godfather, Admiral Robert Roddam, under the will of that gallant officer, at his
decease in 1806, and assumed, in consequence, the surname and arms of Roddam.


This family, ranking amongst the most
ancient in the British dominions, is still re-
sident upon lands granted to their Saxon


progenitors, in a very curious charter from
Kiny Athelstane:

I Konig Athelstane

giffis heir to Paulane

Odiham and Roddam

als gude and als fair

als ever y e mine ware

and yair to witness Maud my wife.

A charter particularly and circumstantially
noticed by Major, in his Chronicles of Eng-
land and Scotland, who describes an irrup-
tion of the English into that kingdom, temp.
Richard II. when the monasteries of Mel-
ros, Driburg, Newbottel, and Edinburgh,
were burnt ; and then states, that, after fhe
departure of the invaders, Robert Stewart,
Earl of Fife, second son of the King of
Scotland, with James, Earl of Douglas, and
Archibald, Earl of Galway, at the head of
thirty thousand men, made reprisal by eu-



tering England by Sohvay Frith, wasting
the rich and fertile lands, and carrying
away abundant spoil. In the course of the
foray this ancient deed was discovered and
brought to the Scots commander, Robert,
Duke of Albany, subsequently Regent of
Scotland ; who, whenever he afterwards
heard of long charters and other similar
writings, was wont to say, that in former
times there was more probity, when our
ancestors were unaccustomed to such minute
prolixity in their conveyances ; and sup-
ported his opinion by reciting from memory
these letters patent of King Athelstane.

Notwithstanding Roddam lies at a great
distance from that part of England which
the Scotch ravaged at their first entrance
by Solway Frith ; yet it is most likely that
a detachment entered Northumberland at
the same time (as was customary on such
invasions), and finding the writing in ques-
tion, brought it to Robert, while his head
quarters were in Cumberland or Westmor-
land. It is a well-known fact that Athel-
stane won a great victory* over the Scots
and Danes in the country near Roddam,
where he commanded in person, so that he
probably rewarded Pauline's good services
by this grant on the spot.

The following passage is to be found in
Leland's Collectanea, vol. ii. p. 571. anno

' Gilbert Rodam having fifty -three
glayves with him, and eighty archers, fought
with Reynald de Gulion, Capitaine of
Parys, near Stampes (now Etampes, in Nor-
mandy), that had seven hundred men of
armes and four hundred brigantes with him.
Gilbert was slayen there ; yet the English-
man had the victory, and Reynald was there
taken prisoner ; but he, by the help of a
false Englishman, was convayied or ever he
had payid his rannsom."

Leland's Itinerary, written in the time of
Henry VIII. (vol. v. p. 93.) states that
" The Roddams, or Rudhams, were men of
fair landes in Northumbrelande, about Tylle
river, ontyl one of them having to wife one
of the Umfraville daughters, killed a man
of name, and thereby lost the principale of
eight hundred markes by yere ; so that at
this time Roddam, or otherwise Rudham,
of Northumbrelande, is but a man of mene

The greater part of the original estate
was certainly forfeited during the sway of
the Norman kings, but the lands of Roddam,
named in the grant of Athelstane, descended
to the late Admiral Roddam, through an
uninterrupted line of ancestors, intermar-
rying with the Greys of Chillingham ; the

Mentioned likewise by Major.

Selbys ; the Brandlings of Gosforth ; the
Forsters of Etherston ; the Lisles of Felton ;
Swinburnes of Ethingham ; and other emi-
nent northern families.

Sir John Roddam, knt. of Roddam, m.
Ellen, daughter and heiress of John Hough-
ton, of Houghton, in the county of North-
umberland, and thus became lord of that
manor. He was " slaine in the Palme
Sunday Ffielde with the Earl of Northum-
berland in battaile, anno 1491, the 19th day
of March." From this gallant person we
pass to his lineal descendant,^

Roddam, esq. of Roddam, the father

of two sons, namely,

John, his successor.
Edward, successor to the estates at the
decease of his brother.
The elder son,

John Roddam, esq. of Roddam, and Lit-
tle Houghton, in. Winifred, daughter and
heiress of Ralph Milburn, esq. of Chirton,
in Northumberland, and had three daugh-
ters, viz.

I. Winifred, who died young.
ii. Mary, m. to Edward Collingwood,
esq. of Byker and Dissington, and
had issue,

1. Edward Collingwood, who d.
unmarried, bequeathing his es-
tates to his great nephew, Ed-
ward Spencer Stanhope, esq.
who has assumed the name of
Collingwood. See page 472.

2. John Collingwood, died un-
married in 1792.

3. Winifred Collingwood, m. to
Thomas Babington Pulleine, esq.
of Carleton Hall, in the county
of York, and dying in 1780, left
an only surviving child,

Mary Winifred Pulleine,
who wedded Walter Spen-
cer Stanhope, esq. of Can-
non Hall, by whom (who d.
in 1821) she has a numerous
family ; the fourth son of

t A fact established by the possession of Rod-
dam. Of the family there are besides upon record,

William de Roddam, living in the 49th of
Henry III.

William de Roddam, who m. the daughter
and heiress of Thomas d' P^splee, in the
time of Edward II.

Joane, daughter of Adam de Roddam, m.
Thomas de Umfraville, and d. in the 10th
of Richard II. See Burke's Extinct and
Dormant Peerage.

Robert Roddam, living in the 6th of Ed-
ward VI.

John Roddam, living in the 10th of Eliza-



which. William S
Stanhope, eventually inhe-
rited the Roddam estates,
ni. Winifred, m. to Hilton Lawson. esq.
John Roddam leaving thus no male issue.
the representation of the family was con-
tinued by his brother.

Edward Roddam. esq. of Roddam and
Little Houghton, who sold the latter estaf
to Mr. Penrith, and erected Roddam Hall.
He wi. Jane, daughter of Robert Skelly. esq.
and had. with several other children, who
died all issueless.

Edward, his successor.
Robert, heir to his brother.
Collingwood, b. in 1734. a captain in
the East India Company's service.
m. Miss Buller. but d. t. p. in 1><>3.
This gentleman had a large quantity
of old plate which he left to the
Falder family.* amongst which were
four candlesticks, said to have been
presented to him by Tippoo S.aib.
Mr. Roddam was s. by his eldest son,

Ed" \rd Roddam. esq. of Roddam. who
died in 1776 without issue, and was s . by his

Robert Roddam. esq. then an officer of
rank io the royal navy. This gallant sea-
man entered the service as a midshipman
on board the Lowestoffe in the year 1735-6:
in which capacity he subsequently served
in the Russell. Cumberland, and Boyne.
and was upon the Antigue station with
Captain Drummond. of the Lowestoffe. more
than five years. On the 3rd November.
1741. he was made third lieutenant on board
the Superb in Cumberland Harbour, from
which the next year he was removed to the
Monmouth. In 1744 he was appointed
second lieutenant, and in two years after-
wards promoted to the command of the
Viper, sloop of war. About this time Lord
Anson (then Mr. Anson), one of the lords
of the Admiralty, went to Portsmouth to
command the western squadron, and ex-
pressing a strong wish to all the captains to
stop a fleet at that time lying at Portsmouth,
they urged the impracticability of the un-
dertaking in a high south wind, and stated
many other concurring obstacles. Mr.
Roddam. the youngest captain, however,
instantly undertook to try the possibility of
stopping them, though his sloop, being just
off the stocks, was in everv wav incomplete :
and he eventually performed the arduous
duty with so much steadiness, that Lord
Anson wrote directlv to the lords of the

• ^Lary Roddam (sister to John Roddam. who
m, Winifred MiTbarn* wedded Bernard Falder,
esq. of Alnwicfc, and left issue.

Admiralty for leave to take Captain Roddam
under his own command. In 1755 he was
appointed to the Greenwich, a fifty gun
ship, and sailing to the Weal ladles, re-
mained on the Jamaica station until 17j7.
At this period, being on a cruize off His-
paniola, on the 16th March, early in the
morning, plying off Cape Cabroon. the
Grren-*i:h fell in with four French line of
battle ships. _ates. and a store ship,

which the officers and crew of the Green-
wich all fully supposed and asserted w :
merchantmen convoyed by two frigates :
but Captain Roddam entertained a different
opinion, and, though late, convinced his
ship's company of their mistake, as those
vessels proved to be the Tonnant, of 84
guns, commanded by Admiral Bofromont :
the Desauncene. of 74. Captain Blonal : the
Diadem. 74. Captain Rosele : L'Eveille, of
64. Captain Merville : Inflexible, of 64. and
-.n.d Le Bronne. frigates, with a
twenty gun storeship. This squadron being
to windward dispatched one of the friga - -
to reconnoitre, which Captain Roddam por-
cemng. and seeing no possibility of effecting
his own escape, endeavoured to draw to the
Greenwich. That ship being painted after
the manner of the French, he hoped to dec
the frigate, and he had already prepared a
boarding party, determined if he succeeded
to dispatch her immediately to Admiral
Townshend. at Jamaica, with intelligence of
the number and situation of the enemy : but
the Frenchman, discovering the Greenwich
to be a two-decked ship, made all sail to
rejoin the squadron. The PiiJi ■ r.rst began
firing at nine o'clock, and from that hour
until nine at night the Greenwich was in-
c-^antly assailed by one or other of the
ceet. Captain Roddam again prepared to
board the L'Eveille. a 64. being the beat
sailing ship ; but several of the enemy re-
newing the action at the same time, the
Greenwich became so much injured in her
rising, and in consequence so unmanage-
able that he was compelled to abandon the
idea. He then called his ship's company
together, and told thcni he had done all in
his power to preserve his majesty s ship,
but if any of them could point out the French
admiral's ship, the Tonnant. he thought the
Greenwich could yet divert her an hour or
two. The officers and the whole ship's
company answered. " They must obey tht-ir
captain, but they had been unceasingly shot
at for twelve hours, and supported an action
they believed longer than any ship had ever
before sustained." Captain Roddam struck
his colours in consequence, but. even after
doing so. resisted what he deemed a -
honorable condition on the part of his con-
queror. The French ship. L'Eveille. hailed
the English captain to hoist out a boat, and
to go on board the 64. which he repeatedly



refused to do; and finding his interpreter
had said, " every thing being cut away they
could not get a boat out," instead of stating,
" that Captain Roddam would not," he him-
self hailed, and inquiring if any one on
board L'Eveille spoke English, he was re-
plied to by a voice he knew, Mr. Giddy, a

Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 103 of 112)