John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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Grattan obtained a simple repeal of that de-
claratory act, a course which Mr. Flood main-
tained in two very powerful speeches was no
security against England's preferring at any
future period a similar pretension founded
upon the principle of the measure. Acting
upon this opinion he procured a law renounc-
ing the claim for ever. The dispute to which
we allude occurred in 1783, and Mr. Flood,
in the course of the debate, entered into a
long and interesting narrative of his whole
political life.

The question of parliamentary reform,
Mr. Flood advocated for the first time in
the Irish House of Commons, in 1781, with
his accustomed force and eloquence. In
1794, he addressed a British parliament upon
the same important subject ; and his speech
upon that occasion was published in 1831,
with his reply to Mr. Windham. They are
admiral oratorical efforts, and at the time of
delivery called forth the highest eulogy from
Mr. Pitt.

Had Henry Flood not been one of the
most eminent statesmen and orators of the
period in which he lived, his translations of
Demosthenes, iEschines, and some of the
Odes of Pindar, would have stamped him
a man of genius, and insured him a place
in the temple of fame. Mr. Flood's style
of eloquence is described as of the very
first order, replete with knowledge, ardent,
vigorous, acute, and argumentative ; and
it is stated, that while he hurried away his
auditory by the force of his great reason-
ing faculties, he delighted every person of
taste and judgment, by a certain felicity of
diction, which added infinite grace and
beauty to his delivery. He sometimes pros-
trated his adversary by a single word, thus
resembling the great Lord Chatham, whose
attributes as an orator and statesman he held
in the highest veneration.

Henry Flood espoused, 13th April, in
1762, the Lady Frances-Maria Beresford,
daughter of Marcus, first Earl of Tyrone,
but died without issue. He devised his ex-

* This act had declared " that the kingdom of
Ireland ought to be subordinate to, and dependant
upon the Imperial crown of Great Britain, and
that the parliament of England hath power to
make laws to bind the people of Ireland."



tensive estates to the college of Dublin, for
the encouragement of the Irish language ;
but those estates after procrastinated litiga-
tion, reverted to his cousin, and heir at

John Flood, esq. of Flood Hall, in the
county of Kilkenny. This gentleman m.
Miss Bury, of the county of Cork, and had

John, present proprietor.

Robert, of Farmley.


Mr. Flood was succeeded at his decease by
his elder son, the present John Flood, esq.
of Flood Hall.

Aj-ms— Vert, a chevron between three
wolves' heads erased ar.

Confirmed to Sir Thomas Fludd, of the
county of Kent, 14th Elizabeth.

Crest— A wolf's head, as in the arms.
Motto — Vis unita fortior.
Estates— In the county of Kilkenny.
Seat— Flood Hall, Kilkemryshire.


MOUBRAY, SIR ROBERT, knt. of Cockairny House, in the county of Fife, a

deputy lieutenant and magistrate for that shire,
b. in 1774, to. in September, 1807, Laura, fourth
daug'hter of William-Hobson, esq. of Markfield,
in Middlesex, and has issue,

Robert-Frederick-North-Bickerton, b.

21st July, 1808, captain Fifeshire militia.
Richard-Hussey-Charles, b. 26th May, 1810,

Hon. East India Company's Service.
William-Hobson, b. 28th August, 1818, R.N.
Edward, b. 7th April, 1S25.


This gentleman, a lieutenant colonel in the army, received the honor of knighthood at
Carlton Palace, 20th April, 1825, in consideration of his ancient and honorable descent.
Sir Roberts, his father in 1794, in the estate of Cockairny, and in part of the barony
of Inverkeithing, originally the property of the potent Earls of Dunbar. This estate
was conveyed by Galiena, daughter of Waldeve, fourth Earl of Dunbar, who d. in
1182, to her husband Philip de Moubray, with whose descendants it has continued to
the present period, with the exception of the short interval from 1320 to 1346, when
the possession was suspended by forfeiture.

Sir Robert Moubray, when a captain in the 80th regiment of foot, embarked at
Ceylon in 1801, under the orders of Colonel Wellesley (now Duke of Wellington),
to join the standard of Sir Ralph Abercrombie, in Egypt. He served ten years in India,
and eight in the Mediterranean.




Roger de Albini espoused Amicia de
Mowbray, sister of Robert de Mowbray, Earl
of Northumberland, and had two sons,

1. William, from whom derived the
Earls of Arundel, the male line of
which eminent house expired in 1243,
while the female line, now represented
by the Duke of Norfolk, continued
the family. (See Burke's Extinct

2. Nigel, of whom we are about to

The second son,

Nigel de Albini, possessor of one hun-
dred and twenty knight's fees in Normandy,
and one hundred and forty in England, m.
in 1118, Gundred de Gournay, only child of
Gerard de Gournay, by Edith, daughter of
William, Earl of Warren and Surrey, by
Gundred, daughter of William the Con-
queror. Their eldest son,

Roger, by special command of King
Henry I. assumed the surname of Mowbray,
and the arms of that family. This Roger
was one of the chief commanders at the me-
morable battle fought in 1138 with the Scots
near Northallerton, known in history as the
Battle of the Standard, and adhering to
King Stephen, in his contest with the em-
press, was taken prisoner with that monarch,
at the battle of Lincoln. In 1148 he accom-
panied Lewis, King of France, to the Holy
Land, and there acquired great renown by
vanquishing a stout and hardy Pagan in
single combat. His grants to the church
were munificent in the extreme ; and his
piety so fervent, that he again assumed the
cross, and made a second journey to the
Holy Land, where he was taken prisoner,
but redeemed by the Knight Templars. He
d. soon after in the East, and was interred
at Sures. Some authorities say that he re-
turned to England, and living fifteen years
longer was buried in the Abbey of Riland.
This potent personage wedded Alice, de
Gant, and had two sons,

Nigel de Mowbray, the elder son, as-
suming the Cross, set out for Palestine, but
d. on the journey, leaving by his wife, Mabel,
daughter of Edmond, Earl of Clare, four
sons, viz.

1. William, ancestor of the Mowbrays,
Dukes of Norfolk; also of the How-

ards, Dukes of Norfolk, and the other
branches of that puissant house.

2. Philip.*

3. Robert.*

4. Roger.
The second son,

Philip de Mowbray, espoused Galiena,
daughter of Waldeve, Earl of Dunbar, and
with her acquired considerable property,
particularly the Baronies of Barbougle, Dal-
meny, and Inverkeithing. The first mention
of this Philip in the records of Scotland oc-
curs in a charter dated 1208. He was am-
bassador to England in 1215 and 1220, to
treat of the marriage of King Alexander
II. with the Princess Joan. He had two
sons. 1. Roger; and 2. Nigel.

Roger de Moubray, the elder son, in a
charter to the church of Soltray, confirmed
to the Abbey of Jedburgh the donation of
the church which Waldeve, the son of Cos-

* Regarding the seniority of these two sons,
much discussion has arisen. Sir William Dug-
dale, in his Baronage (I. 124.) arranges the sons
thus. 1. William. 2. Robert. 3. Philip. 4.
Roger. And says, " Of which Robert I finde that
he tooke to wife a countess of Scotland, who had a
fair inheritance there, from whom descended the
Mowbrays of that kingdom." But in the margin
Dugdale refers for his authority to the Monasticon
II. 193, which is in these words, "Tunc filius
Rogeri de Mowbray primogenitus fuit Nigellus
de Mowbray, qui ei successit, qui habuit inmatrem
Aliciam de Gant. Hie Nigellus cepit in uxorem
filiam Edmondi Comitis de Clara, nomine Mabil-
lam, et genuit ex ea quatuor filios, scilicet ; Wil-
lielmum de Mowbrav, Robertum, Philippum et
Rogerum. Hie vero porro Robertus frater ejus-
dem Nigelli, feoffatus fuit in Scotia nobiliter per
quandam Baronissam, quam cepit in uxorem, cum
tota terra, patris sui et post mortem uxoris ordinem
sacerdotis intravit, etmultas in manus suas accepit
ecclesias in Anglia, in Normannia, et in Scotia."
Here Robert, the son of Nigel, is the antecedent
to ille ; Robert, the brother of Nigel, not occurring
previously in the Monasticon, where Dugdale just
notices Robert, Philip, and Roger, as the younger
sons of Nigel, without mentioning the marriage
of Robert. Had Robert de Mowbray married a
countess in her own right their descendants must
have been Earls. The succession of the Earldoms
of Scotland, at that early period, is clearly eluci-
dated by Lord Hales in the Sutherland case. And
none appears as connected with Robert de Mow-
bray, who occurs no where in the records of Scot-



patrick, "my grandfather" (avua meus)
made to that abbe] .

Galerid de Moubray, the next on re-
cord, one of the magnates Scotia?, from 1387
to 1294, espoused the second daughter of
Red John t'umyn. Justiciary of Scotland,
sister of Black John Cum\ n, who to. Mar-
jory, sister of John Baliol, King of Scotland.
They had issue.

1. William. > , , ,

o i~i c hotli d. s. p.

2. John. ) '

3. Roger, who, engaging in a conspi-
racy against King Robert in 1320,
d. in prison before trial, when his
great possessions of Barnbougle and
Dalmeny, in the county of Linlithgow,
Inverkeithing, in Fife ; Cessford and
Eckford, in Roxburghshire ; Meth-
ven, in Perthshire ; Kellie, in For-
farshire ; Kirk Michael, in the county
of Dumfries, the office of Standard
Bearer of Scotland, and hostilages
were forfeited to the crown.

4. Philip (Sir), of whom presently.

5. Galfrid.
The fourth son,

Sir Philip de Moubray, fell with King

land at the time in question. William de Mow-
bray, eldest son of Nigel, executed two charters,
inserted in Dugdale's Monasticon II. 190, con-
firming to the Abbey of Newburgh all the dona-
tions made thereto by Roger de Mowbray his grand-
father, and Nigel de Mowbrav his father, three of
the witnesses to which are, " Robert de Mowbray,
mv uncle, Philip de Mowbray, my brother, Robert
de Mowbray, my brother." Here Philip takes
precedence of his brother Robert, indicating that
he was his elder brother, consequently second son
of Nigel. Philip de Mowbray also makes at that
period a conspicuous figure in the records of Scot-
land, where he married Galiena, daughter of Wal-
deve, the potent Earl of Dunbar, with whom he
got great possessions in that kingdom. He must
have been a person of high birth and consideration,
from his thus obtaining in marriage a daughter of
one of the most powerful of the Scottish nobility,
and from his being employed in important negotia-
tions with England ; and no family of consequence
of the name of Moubray existed in North Britain at
that period, except that of Nigel de Mowbray. From
th^se premises the legitimate conclusions are, that
Philip de Moubray, and not Robert, was second
son of \ igei; and that he was ancestor of the Mou-
brays of Scotland ; it is also apparent that the Scot-
tish Countess and Baroness of Dugdale were one
and the 6ame person, Galiena, daughter of Wnl-
deve. Earl of Dunbar, spouse of Philip de Mou-

Edward Bruce at the hattle of Dundalk, in
1318. He to. E\e, Lady of Redeastle, in
Forfarshire, and had one sou and a daughter,

Jmin (Sir), of Redeastle, who was slain
at Annan in 1332, on the part of Ed-
ward Baliol. His estates were for-
feited, and granted to Sir William
de Douglas, knt. the grant bearing,
that John had succeeded to these es-
tates by hereditary succession to Sir
Philip de Moubray, his father.

Philippa de Moubray, designed daughter
and heiress of Sir Philip de Moubray in a
regal charter 3rd August, 1364. This lady es-
poused Sir Bartholomew de Loen, a foreign
knight, probably of the house of Heynberg,
in Guelderland, related to the Dukes of
Gueldres, who were connected in marriage
with the kings of England and Scotland.
Philippa and her husband had Barnbougle.
Dalmeny, and Inverkeithing, restored to
them by royal charter of 28th May, 1346 ;
and they occur frequently in original instru-
ments down to 1375.
Their only child,

David, assumed, as a matter of course,
the distinguished name of his maternal an-
cestors— Moubray, his father being a fo-
reigner, without property and connexion in
Scotland. He was contracted in marriage to
the Lady Janet Stewart, daughter of Robert,
Earl of Fife and Monteith (afterwards Duke
of Albany, and regent of Scotland, son of
King Robert II.) in 1372, by indenture
under which, the estates were provided to
the issue of that marriage. In 1401, the
lands of Barnbougle, Dalmeny, and Inver-
keithing, were the property of

Johx de Moubray, indicating that he was
son and heir of that marriage. He was sub-
sequently knighted, and a strong proof that
he was grandson of the Duke of Albany,
Regent of Scotland, occurs in his forcibly
dispossessing Margaret, Lady of Cragy, of
her lands of Luckald, in the barony of Dal-
meney, " wickedly, contrary to God and
all justice," as the record bears, and trans-
mitting them to his son, as none but a near
connexion of that unprincipled and powerful
governor of the kingdom durst have ven-
tured to act with such flagrant injustice.
He was dead before 1st February, 1426, when
Philip de Moubray, of Barnbougle, is
described as son and heir of the deceased
Sir John de Moubray, knt. Lord of Barn-



bougie, in an instrument of appellation to f
Pope Martin V. of that date. The parlia-
ment of Scotland decided, 17th March,
1429—30, that the lands of Luckald should
be restored to Margaret, Lady of Cragy,
and that she should be replaced in the same
as freely as she had been before she was
despoiled of them by the deceased John de
Moubray, knt. and which lands were un-
justly detained from her by Philip de Mou-
bray, who was amerciated, and found liable
to prosecution for expenses and damages.
Philip de Moubray occurs in charters and
other documents down to 1477.

Philip Mowbray, his son, had a charter
of the barony of Dalmeny, on his father's
resignation, 6th February, 1450-1, and oc-
curs in an indenture 25th January, 1461-2.
He wedded Isabel Stewart, and had a son,

Sir David Moubray, of Barnbougle, who
was served heir of Philip, his father, 9th
March, 1466—7, and last occurs in 1494.
He was father of

1. John, of Dalmeny, who predeceased
his father, leaving a son,

Sir John Moubray, of Barnbou-
gle, who d. in 1519, leaving an
only daughter and heiress,
Barbara Moubray, who es-
poused Robert Bartoun, son
of Sir Robert Bartoun, of
Over-Bartoun, high trea-
surer of Scotland. In 1527,
Robert Bartoun was or-
dained, by act of parlia-
ment, to change his name to
Moubray, because " the
same has been an old and
honourable house, and done
our Sovereign Lords prede-
cessors good service in their
wars and otherwise." The
eldest son of this marriage,
John Moubray, of Barn-
bougie, was father of
Robert Moubray,
of Barnbougle,
whose son and suc-

Sir Robert
Moubray, of
m. the Lady
daughter of

the first Earl
of Kellie, and
was obliged
through debts
and other mis-
fortunes, to
dispose of the
baronies of
and Inver-
keithing, to
the first Earl
of Haddington
in 1615. He
d.s. p. in 1675.

2. William, of whom we are about to

The second son of Sir David,

William Moubray, of Cockairny, had a
charter of the lands of Cockairny, and part
of the barony of Inverkeithing, from his ne-
phew, Sir John Moubray, of Barnbougle,
wherein he is designed " Sir John's beloved
uncle on the father's side ;" dated 24th Sep-
tember, 1511. This charter was produced
to Nisbet, when compiling his system of he-
raldry, about 1720, by John Moubray of
Cockairny, stated by Nisbet to be the un-
doubted heir of William Moubray, of Cock-
airny, to whom the charter was granted, in
a direct and uninterrupted male line. As
Sir Robert Moubray, now of Cockairny, is
in like manner heir-male of the body of this
John Moubray, of Cockairny, it follows that
Sir Robert is heir of William Moubray, to
whom Cockairny was granted in 1511, in a
direct and uninterrupted male line.

James Moubray, of Cockairny, the next
proprietor of that estate, on record, m. Isa-
bel Cleghorn, and was s. by his eldest son,

Robert Moubray, of Cockairny, who
m. by contract, in 1576, Margaret, daughter
of John Finlasour, of Kelleith, and was
father of

James Moubray, of Cockairny, who es-
poused, in 1600, Marie, daughter of David
Leslye, of Otterstoun, in Fife, and was s. by
his son,

John Moubray, of Cockairny, who to. in
1636, Elizabeth Logan, of the family of Lo-
gan, of Coustoun, and was s. by his eldest

Robert Moubray, of Cockairny, b. in
1639, who to. in 1666, Margaret, daughter
of George Bruce, of Kinnesswood, a near



connexion of the Earls of Elgin, Kincardine,
and Aylesbury; and of Christian, Countess
of Devonshire. Robert Moubray d. in 1681,

leaving, with other issue, two sons,
I. JOHN, his successor,
u. Robert, father of

Robert Moubray, of the Bush
and Castlelaw, in the county of
Edinburgh, whose eldest dangh-
and heiress,
Jean Moubray, m. in 1748,
Archibald Trotter, esq, se-
cond son of Alexander Trot-
ter, esq. of Cattleshiel, in
Berwickshire, by Jean, dau.
of Sir Robert Stuart, of Al-
lanbank, hart, by Jean, dau.
of Sir John Gilinour, of
Craigmiller, knt. lord-pre-
sident of the court of ses-
sions. They had four sons,

1. Robert Trotter, of
the Bush and Castle-
law, who d. leaving

2. Alexander Trotter, of

3. John Trotter, of Dur-
ham Park.

4. Sir Coutts Trotter,
of Westville, in the
county of Lincoln, cre-
ated a baronet 4th Sep-
tember, 1821 , who quar-
ters his mother's arms
with his paternal coat
(see Burke's Peerage
and Baronetage).

The elder son of Robert Moubray,

John Moibray, esq. of Cockairny, is men-
tioned in Nisbet's Heraldry as undoubted
heir in a direct and uninterrupted male-line
of William Moubray, of Cockairny, who
had the charter of these lands from his ne-
phew, Sir John Moubray, of Barnbougle, in
1511. He m. Margaret, daughter of the
K' \ -John Kinnaird, minister of East Caldcr,

and grandaughter and heiress of Robert
Wallwood, esq. of Tough and Whitfield, by

whom he had, with other issue, a son,

Robert, his successor.
John Moubray dying in 1732, was buried
at Dalgely church (where a monument is
erected to his memory), and was s. by his
eldest son,

Robert Moubray, esq. of Cockairny, b.
1st January, 1700, whom, in 172G, his cousin
Mary, only child of James Dudgeon, esq.
of Inverkeithing, and was s. at his decease,
in 1779, by his eldest surviving son,

Robert Moubray, esq. of Cockairny, who
>B. in 1773, Arabella, daughter of Thomas
Hnssey, esq. of Wrexham, in the county of
Denbigh (sister of Lady Bickerton and of
Lieutenant-general Vere Warner Hussey,
of Wood Walton, in Huntingdonshire), by
whom he had two sons and one daughter,

Robert (Sir), present proprietor of

Richard-Hussey, a rear admiral of
the red, companion of the order of
the Bath, &c. who assumed by sign
manual, in 1832, upon succeeding to
the estate of Wood Walton, the sur-
name and arms of Hussey (see that
Eleanor-Maria- Anna, 1801, James
Stuart, esq. of Dunearn, Fifeshire.
Robert Moubray, of Cockairny, d. in 1794,
and was s. by his elder son. Sir Robert
Moubray, knt. now representative of this
ancient family.

Arms— Gn. a lion rampant crowned arg.
within a bordure engrailed of the last.

Crest — A demi-lion rampant, crowned.

Mottoes— Over the crest— Fortitudine ;
under the arms— Let the deed show.

Supporters— Dexter, a man in armour :
sinister, a woman habited ppr.

Estates— The estate of Cockairny, part
of the barony of Inverkeithing, and the ad-
jacent estate of Otterstoun.

Seat— Cockairny House, Aberdour, Fife-





HAMMOND, WILLIAM-OSMUND, esq. of St. Albans Court, in the county of
M|/ Kent, b. 26th April, 1790, m. 15th July, 1815, Mary-

Graham, eldest daughter of Sir Henry Oxenden, bart.
of Broome Park, and has issue,

WiLLiAM-Oxenden, b. in December, 1817.
Egerton-Douglas, b. in June, 1822.
Maximilian-Montagu, b. in May, 1824.
Henry- Anthony, b. in June, 1829.
Fanny- Anne-Charlotte.

Mr. Hammond inherited the estates at the decease of his


The first member of this family upon

JoHisHAMMON,or HAMMOND,wasresident
in Kent, temp. Henry VIII. as tenant to
the abbot and convent of St. Albans. He
died in 1525, and was s. by his eldest son,

Thomas Hammond, who purchased, in
1551, the manor in which he before resided,
and built a part of the mansion-house now
remaining. He m. first, Anne, daughter of
Robert Hadde, of Aylesford, in Kent, but
by her (who d. in 1546) had no issue. He
espoused, secondly, Alice, daughter of Ed-
ward Monnis, of Waldershare, and had seve-
ral children, viz.

Edward, his successor.

Thomas, of Nonington.

Isaac, of East Sutton.

John, of Lincoln's Inn.


Mary, m. in 1565, to Arnokle Hadde,

of Frinsted, in Kent, and afterwards

of St. Alphage, Canterbury.
Martha, m. iu 1569, to John Sea, of

Katherine, m. in 1575, to Edward

Hills, of Egarton.
Rebecca, m. but d. s. p.
Sarah, ) one of whom in. to Matthew
Jane, ) Hadde, esq. of St. Alphage.
The eldest son,

Edward Hammond, esq. of St. Albans
Court, m. Katherine, daughter of — Shelly,
esq. of Patesham, in Sussex, and had issue,

1. William (Sir), his successor.

2. John, who m. Eleanora, daughter of
William Robinson, esq. of Yorkshire,
and had issue.

3. Edward, b. in 1582.

4. Thomas.

5. Francis, > These gentlemen, who

6. Robert, S were distinguished by
their military talents, attained each
the rank of colonel. The elder
served for many years in the German
army ; both accompanied Sir Walter
Raleigh in his expedition to Guinea,
and drew forth strong expressions
of approbation from that gallant sol-
dier. In the civil commotions of the
subsequent reign, they took a promi-
nent part. The elder (colonel Fran-
cis), in his advanced age, retired to
his native place, and after having
added somewhat to the buildings,
died there. The younger (colonel
Robert) was shot in the wars in Ire-

7 Elizabeth, m. in 1610, to Samuel
Hales, gent, (second son of Hum-
phrey Hales, esq. York Herald.)

8. Mary.
The eldest son,



Sir William Hammond, of St. Albans
Court, who received the honour of knight-
hood, in 1608, espoused Elizabeth; daughter
of Anthony Aucher, esq. of Bishopsbourne,
by Margaret, daughter of Edward Sandys,
Archbishop of York, and had, (with three
daughters beside)

1. Anthony, his successor.

2. Edward.

3. William.

4. Mary, m. to Sir Thomas Stanley,
knt. and was mother of

Thomas Stanley, the poet, of

5. Elizabeth, m. to Sir John Marsham,
bait, of Whornesplace, in the county
of Kent, and had issue,

Sir John Marsham, bart. of Cux-
ton, whose only son, John, d. s.p.
Sir Robert Marsham, bart. of
Bushy Hall, Herts, whose son,
Robert, was elevated to the
peerage, in 1716, as Baron
Romney. (See Burke's Peer aye
and Baronctaye.)
Elizabeth Marsham, in. first, to
Stephen Penkhurst, esq. of Bux-
ted Place, in Sussex, and second-
ly, to her cousin, William Ham-
mond, esq. of St. Albans Court.
Sir William Hammond d. in 1615, and was
s. by his eldest son,

Anthony Hammond, esq. of St. Alban's
Court, who m. Anne, daughter of Sir Dudley
Digges, knt. of Chilham Castle, master of
the rolls to King Charles I. and had, with
several daughters, four sons, viz.
i. William, his successor.
ii. Dudley.

in. Anthony, of Somersham Place, in
the county of Huntingdon, whose son,

Anthony, of Somersham Place,
was a member of parliament, and
commissioner of the navy in the
reign of Queen Anne. This gen-
tleman, a person of celebrity
amongst the wits and politicians
of his day, a period when St.
Stephens displayed no ordinary
degree of eloquence, obtained
from Lord Bolinbroke the epi-
thet of Silver Tonyued Ham-
mond. He espoused Jane, daugh-
ter of Sir Walter Clarges, bart

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