John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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quired in the reign of Edward IV. by mar-
riage with the heiress of the Pipards,*) where
they remained seated for many generations.
In 1603, these estates were possessed by
Sir Edmund Lenthall, who was one of
those fined, under an act of parliament
passed in the reign of James I., for res-
training persons of quality from residing
so much of the year in London. Sir Ed-
mund dying without issue, the line of the
family was continued by his brother,

* A member of this ancient family, having gal-
lantly distinguished himself in the Scottish wars,
was summoned to parliament, as a baron, from the
6th February, 1299, to 24th July, 1302. Burkes
Extinct and Dormant Peerage.



William Lenthall, esq. who ro. Frances,
daughter of Sir Richard Southwell, and had,
with other issue,

1. John (Sir), who inherited the family
estates upon the demise of his uncle,
Sir Edmund. This gentleman, who
was a member of the long parlia-
ment, in. Bridget, daughter of Sir
Thomas Temple, hart, of Stow, and
had six sons (of whom four died in
infancy), and eight daughters. His
eldest son and successor,

Edmund, m. Elizabeth, daughter
of Sir William Wade, lieutenant
of the Tower of London, and
had issue two sons and a daugh-
ter. The elder son married late in
life, and, selling the old family
estates at Latchford and Great
Haseley, terminated this branch
of the family. John, the second
son, d. 14th May, 1641, without
issue ; and Bridget, the only
daughter, rf. unmarried, in 1641.

2. William, of whom hereafter.

3. A daughter, who m. into the family
of Warcup, and was mother of

Sir Edmund Warcup, the historian
of Italy.
The second son,

William Lknthall, esq. having studied
the law with eminent assiduity, and having
attained high distinction in that learned
profession, was, in 1637, admitted a bencher
of Lincoln's-inn, made recorder of London,
and master of the rolls. In 1639, he was
returned member for Woodstock, and when
the long parliament met, on the 3rd No-
vember, 1640, he was chosen speaker,
which important office he continued to hold
after the king's death, and until the disso-
lution of that assembly. In the first par-
liament called by Cromwell, as protec-
tor, he had no seat ; but in the second, he
was returned for two places, the city of
Gloucester, and the county of Oxford, and
was again elected speaker. He subse-
quently was appointed chamberlain of
Chester, chancellor of the duchy of Lan-
caster, and keeper of the great seal. In
the single parliament assembled by Richard
Cromwell, he sat in the upper house by the
title of William, Lord Lenthall, and so
great was his influence and weight at the
restoration, that General Monck assured
King Charles, that he could not have

brought about that desirable event without
Mr. Lenthall's concurrence. This eminent
lawyer and statesman m. Elizabeth, daugh-
ter of Ambrose Evans, esq. of Lodington,
in the county of Northumberland, by whom
he left surviving issue,
John, his successor.
Elizabeth, m. to Rowland Lacey, esq.
of Pnddlecote and Shepton, in Ox-
Catharine, ro. in 1653, to James, Lord
Paisley, by whom (who predeceased
his father, the Earl of Abercorn) she
had an only daughter,

Catharine, m. first, to her cousin,
William Lenthall, esq. ; and, se-
condly, to Charles, fifth Earl of
Mr. Speaker Lenthall d. at his seat the
Priory, Burford, 1st September, 1661, and
was privately buried at Burford, the ad-
vowson of which church, with the manor
and estate, he had purchased of the great
Lord Falkland. His only surviving son
and successor,

Sir John Lenthall, was member for
Gloucester in the long parliament, a colonel
in the army, governor of Windsor Castle,
and one of the six clerks in chancery. He
ro. first, Rebecca, daughter of Thomas Ben-
net, an alderman of London, but had by
her no issue. He wedded, secondly, Mary-
Blevvet, relict of Sir John Stonehouse, hart,
by whom he had three sons,
William, his successor.

James, to whom General Monk stood
sponsor, and who d. at Burford, 5th
September, 1686, at the early age of
Sir John espoused, thirdly, Catharine, daugh-
ter of Eusebius Andrew, esq. of Edmonton,
Middlesex, but had no further issue. He
served the office of sheriff" for the county of
Oxford in 1672, and dying 9th November,
1681, was buried in the chancel of Bessels
Leigh church, and was s. by his eldest son,
William Lenthall, esq. who m. his first
cousin, the Hon. Catherine Hamilton, only
child of James, Lord Paisley, by whom
(who m. after his decease, the Earl of Aber-
corn) he left issue, at his demise, a son and

John Lenthall, esq. who served the of-
fice of sheriff for Oxfordshire, and marry-
ing Jane, daughter of Sir William Hill, had
two sons and two daughters,



William, his successor.
The elder son,

William Lenthall, esq. sheriff of Ox-
fordshire, dying unmarried in 1781, the fa-
mily representation devolved upon his bro-

John Lenthall, esq. who m. Anne, daugh-
ter of the Rev. Christopher Shutes, and
had, with two daughters, two sons,

John, sheriff for Oxfordshire in 1787,
who m. Sarah, daughter of the Rev.
Mr. Caswall, rector of Swacliffe, by
whom he left at his decease, in 1820,
two sons and four daughters.
The second son,

William-John Lenthall, esq. b. in 1764;
m. in January, 1789, Elizabeth, eldestdaugh-

ter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Kyffin, of
Maynan, in the county of Caernarvon, by
whom (who d. in June, 1791) he had two

Kyffin-John-William, his successor.
Ann-Margaret, d. young.
Mr. Lenthall was s. at his decease by his
only son, Kyffin-John-William Lenthall,
esq. present possessor.

Arms — Arg. on a bend cottised sa. three
mullets or.

Crest — A grey hound courant sa. collared

Motto — Azincourt.

Estates — Bessels- Leigh, in Berkshire,
purchased from the Fettiplace family in
1630 ; Yelford-Hastings, in Oxfordshire,
acquired about the same period; Maynan,
in the county of Carnarvon.

Seats — Bessels -Leigh, near Abingdon;
Maynan Hall, Carnarvonshire.


CRAVEN, FULWAR, esq. of Chilton House, in the county of Wilts, b. 2.5th

June, 1784, m. 26th November, 1809, Laura, second
daughter of George Vansittart, esq. of Bisham Abbey,
uncle of Lord Bexley, by whom he has issue,



Fulwar-William, b. 12th September, 1810, an officer

in the army.
George-Vansittart, b. 15th October, 1812.
William- East.


This is a branch of the noble family of
Craven, springing from

Sir William Craven, upon whom the
dignity of Lord Craven, of Hampstead
Marshall, was entailed. This gentleman m.
Mary, daughter of Sir Christopher Clap-
ham, knt. of Beamsly, in the county of
York, by whom he had, with several other
children, who died unmarried,

i. William, who inherited upon the
demise of his cousin, the Barony of
Craven, and left issue at his demise
in 1711,

William, his successor, and third

Lord of Craven.
Fulwar, who inherited from his
brother, as fourth lord, but dying
s.p. in 1764, the title devolved
upon his kinsman.
H. John, who left issue,

William, who s. as fifth lord of

Craven, but d. s. p.
John, whose only son,

William, s. his uncle as sixth
lord, and d. in 1791, leav-
ing, with other issue,



William, seventh lord,

elevated to an earldom,
as Earl Craven, in
1801. His lordship's
eldest son is

Willi vm, present
earl (See Burke's
in. CHARLES, of whom immediately.
The youngest son,

Charles Craven, esq. was constituted
governor of Carolina, in the reign of Queen
Anne. He espoused Elizabeth, daughter of
— Stnples, esq. by whom (who m. after his
decease, Jemmit Raymond, esq. of Berk-
shire) he left at his death in 1754, an only
surviving son,

Rev. John Craven, of Chilton House,

who m. Catherine, daughter of James

Hughes, esq. of Litcomb, in the county of

Berks, by whom he had surviving issue,

FllLWAR, present proprietor.

Charles-John, b. 14th March, 1784, m.

23rd Oct. 1817, Penelope, daughter of
Edward Wheeler, esq. and has issue,, b. 2nd August, 1818.
Charlotte-Elizabeth, m. 9th September,
1819, to Sir John- Walter Pollen,
bart. M.P.
The Rev. Mr. Craven was s. at his decease
by his eldest son, Fi'lwar Craven, esq.
representative of this branch of the family.

Arms — Arg. a fess between six cross
crosslets fitchy gu.

Crest — On a chapeau gu. turned up er-
mine, a griphon statant of the second beaked

Motto — Virtus inactione consistit.

Estates — Chilton Foliat, and Dracot St.
George, in the county of Wilts ; Speen Hill,
Berkshire ; and Sennington, Gloucester-

Seat — Chilton House, Wilts.


BOWES, THOMAS, esq. of Bradley Hall, in the county of Durham, b. 29th of
June, 1758.




This gentleman, being a lineal descen-
dant of the elder branch of the Bowes's, of
Streatlam Castle, is representative of that
ancient family, which, for a long period,
was one of the most powerful and distin-
guished in the county of Durham, renowned
for the strenuous loyalty of its memhers,

and the many important services which
they had rendered to the crown and to the
country. The name, according to Grose,
thus originated : " About the time of the
Conqueror," says that indefatigable anti-
quary, " here was a town which, the tradi-
tion of the inhabitants states, was burned.
It then belonged to the earls of Brittany
and Richmond ; the castle was built, as Mr.
Horseley thinks, out of the ruins of the
Roman fortress by Alan Niger, the first
earl of that title,* who is said, in a manu-
script belonging to the dissolved monastery
of St. Mary's at York, placed therein, Wil-
liam, his relation, witli five hundred archers,
to defend it against some insurgents, in
Cumberland and Westmoreland, confede-
rated with the Scots, giving him for the de-
vice of his standard, the arms of Brittany,

* This is wrong, Alan Niger was second earl of
Uicluuond, see Burke's Extinct Peerage.



with three bows and a bundle of arrows,
from whence both the castle and its com-
mander derived their names, the former
being called Bowe Castle, and the latter
William de Arcubus." Of this person
Camden also makes mention, " Near this
stands Stretlham, for a long time the seat of
the famous and knightly family of the
Bowes, or de Arcubus, who have often done
great service to their king and country in
times of extremity, their pedigTee is from
William de Arcubus, &c."

Sir William Bowes, knt. captain of five
hundred archers, and governor of Bowes
Castle, was great-great-grandfather of

Sir Adam Bowes, knt. justice in oyer of
the liberties of Durham, and steward of
Richmondshire, living in 1345, who m.
Alice, sole heiress of Sir John Trayne, knt.
lord of Streatlam, by his wife Agnes, heiress
of Ralph de la Hay, Lord Percy, of Stain-
ton le Strata, to whom Barnard Baliol gave
with his niece Agnes the lordship of Streat-
lam, &c. By this great heiress Sir Adam
had, with junior issue,

Robert, his successor.

Thomas, who d. s. p.

William, of whom presently.

Sir Adam was s. at his decease by his eldest

Sir Robert Bowes, knt. lord of Streat-
lam, who, in the 29th Edward III. entailed
all his estates upon his issue male. He m.
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Lilburne,
of Lilburne, in the county of Northumber-
land, but dying without issue, his posses-
sions descended to his brother,

Sir William Bowes, a gallant warrior,
who received the honour of knight-banneret
at the battle of Poictiers. He espoused
Maud, daughter and heiress of Jordan Daw-
den, and with her acquired Dawden, Sea-
ham, Ryhope, Seaton, &c. with the advow-
son of Dawden church. Sir William was
s. at his decease by his son,

Sir Robert Bowes, who was made a
knight-banneret at the siege of Rouen, in
Normandy, and was one of the victims to
the indiscretion of Thomas, duke of Cla-
rence, at the battle of Bangey Bridge,
where he fell, with several other illustrious
personages, in the year 1419. He m. Jane,
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Robert Con-
yers, of Sockburn, knt. and had, with other
issue, a son and successor,

Sir William Bowes, who was knighted

at the battle of Vernoile in 1424. This
eminent warrior was chamberlain to John,
Duke of Bedford, whilst regent of France,
and was constituted by that prince governor
of the castle of Gallyard, in Normandy.
He continued abroad twenty years, and
sent home a model and plan for rebuilding
his castle of Streatlam, to which he retired
on his return, and resided there to a great
age, being commonly known as " old Sir
William Bowes." He m. Joan, daughter
of Ralph, Lord Greystock, and acquired
by the alliance the manor of Newton, in

Sir William Bowes, his son and suc-
cessor, was warden for many years of the
Middle March against Scotland, and high
sheriff of Northumberland. He wedded
Maud, daughter of Henry, Lord Fitzhugh,
baron of Ravensworth, and had issue,
William, his successor.
Robert, ? both predeceased their fa-
Thomas, J ther s. p.
Ralph, who inherited the estates of the
family upon the demise of his bro-
ther issueless.
Margery, m. to William Hilton, of

Elizabeth, m. to Sir R. Bulmer, of

Catherine, m. to Sir Richard Conyers.
Margaret, m. to Sir Humphrey L'Isle.
Isabel, m. to Sir John Swinowes.
Anne, m. to Ralph Wycliffe.
Sir William was s. at his decease by his
eldest son,

Sir William Bowes, knt. who m. the
niece of Lawrence Booth, bishop of Dur-
ham, but dying without issue, in 1474, the
family estates devolved upon his brother,

Sir Ralph Bowes, knt. who m. Margery,
daughter and co-heir of Richard Conyers,
of South Cowton, and had issue,
Ralph, his successor.
Robert, successor to his nephew.
Sir Ralph Bowes was s. by his eldest son,

Sir Ralph Bowes, a military officer of
distinction, who received the honour of
knighthood on the field of Flodden. He m.
Elizabeth, sister of Henry, first earl of
Cumberland, and had issue,
George, his successor.



Sir Ralph dying in 1516, was s. by his only

Sir George Bowes, of Dawden, who to.
Muriel Eure, grandaughter of William, Lord
Eure, of Witton, and had three daughters.viz.

1. Elizabeth, to. to John Blackiston,
esq. of Blackiston.

2. Dorothy, m. to Sir Cutbbert Colling-
wood, of Eslinton, in the county of

3. Anne.

Sir George dying thus without male issue,
was succeeded by his uncle,

Sir Robert Bowes, knt. who was master
of the rolls, privy councillor to King Hen-
ry VIII. and warden of the Middle Marches.
He to. Dorothy, daughter of Sir James Met-
calfe, knt. but dying without surviving issue,
the family estates devolved upon his bro-

Richard Bowes, of Aske, who to. Eliza-
beth, daughter and co-heir of Sir Roger
Aske, of Aske, knt. and had, with several

George (Sir).

Robert, ambassador to Scotland with
his elder brother, Sir George. He
to. Eleanor, daughter of Sir Richard
Musgrave, of Hartley.
The elder son,

Sir George Bowes, knt. became heir-
general of the family, and to him descended
the Dawdon estates, with other possessions,
in the eastern part of the county of Durham.
He was made knight-marshall by special
commission, for his signal services to Queen
Elizabeth. When the Earls of Westmore-
land and Northumberland reared the Stand-
ard of revolt in the North, Sir George was
the only person of great influence that op-
posed the insurgents, having, for that pur-
pose, fortified himself in Barnard Castle.
He was in many commissions for treaties
with Scotland, and had other marks of con-
fidence and trust. Sir George to. twice;
first, Dorothy, daughter of Sir William Mal-
lory, of Studley, near Ripon, in the county
of York, and had issue,

William, his successor.

Robert, killed in the Keswick mines,

in 1610.
George, of Biddick, who to. Magdalen,
daughter of Sir Edward Bray, and
had issue,

1. George, successor to his uncle.

2. Robert, of Beddick, who to. in
1620, Joan, daughter of Robert

Hutton, D. D. prebendary of
Durham, and had several chil-
Elizabeth, to. to Sir Charles Wandes-
ford, of Kirtlington, in the county of
Anne, to. to Sir John Conyers.
The knight marshall espoused, secondly,
Jane, daughter of Sir John Talbot, of Al-
brighton, in the county of Salop, knt. and
had several children. It appears that, by
a strange will or entail made by Sir George
about the year 1590, the estate of Streatlam,
with the great bulk of his property, passed
to Sir Talbot Bowes, his son by the se-
cond marriage ; and thus his eldest son, by
his former wife, was deprived of his birth-
right, and only inherited from his father
the estate and lordship of Bradley Hall,
which had been acquired by a grant from
the crown 14th of Elizabeth. The younger
branch, having in this'manner become pos-
sessed of the immense estates of Sir George,
continued for a long time to be one of the
most considerable families of the county pa-
latine, until the property finally came to (the
descendant of the second marriage)

George Bowes, esq. of Streatlam,
whose only daughter and heiress,
Mary-Eleanor, espoused, first,
John, ninth Earl of Strathmore,
who thereupon assumed the sur-
name of Bowes, and had, with
other issue,

1. John, who succeeded as
tenth Earl of Strathmore,
and was enrolled among the
peers of the United Kingdom
by the title of Baron Bowes,
of Streatlam Castle, 18th
July, 1815. His lordship to.
in 1820, Miss Mary Milner,
of Staindrop, in the county
of Durham, but dying the
day after his nuptials, the
Scottish peerage devolved
upon his brother, while the
principal part of his fortune,
including Streatlam, passed
by will to his son,

John Bowes, esq. the
present proprietor of
Streatlam Castle, who
unsuccessfully claimed
the family honors.

2. Thomas, present Earl of



Strathmore (see Buries

Mary - Eleanor, Countess of
Strathmore, to. secondly, An-
drew Robinson Stoney, esq. of
the King's county, who likewise
assumed the name of Bowes.

Sir George Bowes' eldest son, by his first

Sir William Bowes, knt. of Bradley
Hal], was frequently employed in embassies
to Scotland, and was treasurer of Berwick-
upon-Tweed, in the reign of James I. He
to. first, Mary, daughter of Henry, ninth
Lord Scrope, of Bolton, and upon the de-
cease of her uncle, Emanuel, Earl of Sun-
derland, heir to that Barony. By this lady
he had an only daughter, Mary, m. to Sir
William Eure. He espoused, secondly, Isa-
bel, daughter of judge Wray, and relict of
Godfrey Foljambe, esq. but had no further
issue. Dying thus, Sir William was *. by
his nephew,

Sir George Bowes, knt. of Bradley Hall,
heir-general to all the family. This gentle-
man to. Mary, eldest daughter of Sir Ralph
Delaval, of Seaton Delaval, and was s. by
his son,

Ralph Bowes, esq. of Bradley Hall, who
to. 29th January, 1649, Margaret, second
daughter of Sir Joseph Cradock, and was s.
by his son,

George Bowes, esq. of Bradley Hall,
who was himself s. by his son,

Thomas Bowes, esq. of Bradley Hall,
who to. Elizabeth, daughter of John Pick-
ering, esq. of Hedley Hall, and had issue,
George, his successor, who d. without

Robert, to. to Ann, only daughter and
heiress of Ralph Clement, esq. and
had issue,

1. Thomas, present possessor of
Bradley, and representative of
the ancient family of Bowes.

2. Ann, m. to — Smithson, esq.
and had a son, G. T. Smithson,

Sarah, m. to Captain Nugent.
Jane, to. to Jacob Grieve, esq.

Arms — Quarters :
1st for Bowes. — Ermine, three bows

strung in pale gu.
2nd for Trayne. — Arg. a cross flory,

between four martlets az.
3rd for De la Hay. — Arg. a fess be-
tween six martlets gu.
4th for Dawden. — Arg. three fesses az.

a border eng. gu.
5th for Conyers of Boulby. — Az. a

maunch or, debruised by a bendlet

cheeky ermine and or.
6th for Fitz Hugh. — Az. a chief and

three chevronells conjoined in base

7th for Grey. — Gu. a lion rampant

within a border eng. arg.
8th for Conyers of South Cowton. — ■

Az. a maunch or.
9th for Aske. — Az. four fesses or.
10th.— As first.

Crest — A sheaf of arrows or, bound in a
girdle az. surmounted with the motto — Sans
variance et mon droit.

Motto — In multis — in magnis — in bonis

Estate — Bradley Hall, in the parish of
Wolsingham, in the county of Durham, ac-
quired, by grant from the crown, as part of
the forfeited possession of the Earl of West-
moreland, temp. Elizabeth.

Seat — Bradley Hall, Durham.



LILLINGSTON-SPOONER, ABRAHAM, esq. of Elmdon, in the county of War-
wick, b. in 1770, m. in 1797, Elizabeth-Mary-Agnes,
only daughter and heiress of Luke Lillingston, esq. of
Ferryby Grange, in the county of York, by whom (who
d. 6th January, 1830) he has issue,

Isaac-William, m. 9th January, 1832, Kafherine Innes,
only daughter of the late Hugh Lindsay, esq. and
great niece and sole-heiress of the late Sir Hugh-
Innes, of Balmacara House.

Charles, m. in 1827, Harriette, only daughter of the
Rev. Charles William Fonnereau, of Christ Church,
Suffolk, and has issue.


George, m. 26th June, 1832, Barbara Ann, only child
of Henry Spooner, esq.


This gentleman, whose patronymic is Spooner, assumed by letters patent, upon
marrying the heiress and representative of Lillingston, the additional surname and
arms of that family.



The Spooners were in possession of pro-
perty in the vicinity of Birmingham temp.
Henry VIII. , and at Henwood Hall, in the
county of Warwick, towards the close of
the fifteenth century.

John Spooner, of Handsworth, in the
county of Stafford, b. in 1600, had two

John, b. in 1640, who d. unmarried.


Abraham Spooner, esq. who m. first,
Ursula Hades, by whom he had an only
son, Isaac, b. in 1665, who espoused Eliza-
beth, only daughter and heiress of Richard
Brandwood, esq. of Little Bromwick, in the
county of Warwick, but d. without issue.

Mr. Spooner wedded, secondly, , and

had a son,

ABRAHAM Spooner, esq. b. in 1690, who
m. first. Anne, daughter of George Birch,
esq. of Harbourn, in the county of War-
wick, and sister of Sir Thomas Birch, one
of the judges in the reign of George II. by
whom he had an only daughter,

Ann, m. to Capel Bond, esq. of Coven-
try, and d. s. p. about the year 1814.
He espoused, secondly, Anne, daughter of
Richard Knight, esq. of Downton Castle, in
the county of Hereford, and had further

Isaac, his heir.

Elizabeth, d. unmarried in 1815.
Mary, d. unmarried in 1823.
Christiana, m. to Richard Geast, esq.
of Moseley, in the county of Wor-
cester, and d. a widow, in 1825, is-

The eldest son,

Isaac Spooner, esq. b. in 1736 ; wedded
Barbara, eldest daughter of Sir Henry
Gough, bart. and sister of the first Lord
Calthorpe, by whom he had six sons and
three daughters, viz.

Abraham, present proprietor.
Isaac, b. in 1774, who m. Lucy, daugh-
ter of John Tyler, esq. of Redlands,
Henry, /;. in 1776, who in. Ann-Jane,
daughter of Nathaniel Palmer-John-



son, esq. of Burleigh-fields, Leices-

William, h. in 1778, who m. Anna-Maria,
fifth daughter of Sir Lucius O'Brien,
bart. of Dromoland Castle, in the
county of Clare.

Richard, b. in 1783, who m. Charlotte,
daughter of Dr. Wetherall, Dean of

John, b._ in 1785.

Barbara, m. in 1797, to William Wil-
berforce, esq. M.P. for the county of

Ann, m. to Rev. Edward Vansittart-
Neale, esq. of Allesley Park, War-

Eliza, d. unmarried.

Mr. Spooner was s. at his decease by his
eldest son, Abraham Spooner, esq. who
lias assumed, as stated above, the additional
surname of Lillingston, and is the present
representative of the family.


Of this family, supposed to be of German
extraction, was

Colonel Henry Lillingston, b. in 1620,
who served under General Monck, in the
civil wars. He had two sons,

Henry, who d. unmarried,

Luke Lillingston, a soldier of distinction,
who attained the rank of general in the ar-

Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 30 of 112)