John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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of Stratton Strawless, and Wramp-
Henry, in holy orders, b. in 1788, and

d. in 1815

Lucy, m. 14th May, 1818, to the Rev.

John Edwards, of Hardingham, in

Norfolk, and has issue, two sons and

a daughter.

Mr. Marsham, who was high sheriff of

Norfolk in 1801 , d. 15th April, 1812, and was

s. by his eldest son, the present Robert

Marsham, esq. of Stratton Strawless.

Arms — Arg. crusily fitchee sa. a lion
passant gu. between two bendlets az. each
charged with three crosslets or. Quarter-
ing, the arms of Themelthorpe.

Crest — A lion's head erased gu. charged
with three crosslets fitchee or.

Motto — Quod adest.

Estates — The manor and advowson of
Stratton Strawless, purchased in 1544,
Heveningham, Haynford, Buxton, and Fel-
thorpe, all in Norfolk.

Seat — Stratton Strawless.


WYKEHAM, SOPHIA-ELIZABETH, of Thame Park and Swakliffe, both in
the county of Oxford.

Miss Wykeham inherited the estates and became, at the decease of her father.
William Humphrey Wykeham, esq. in July, 1800, representative of the Wykeham
family, and of the houses of Fiennes and Wenman, the former Viscounts Saye and
Sele, in England ; the latter, Viscounts Wenman, in Ireland.


The family of Wykeham has been settled
at Swalcliffe from a very remote period ; we
find mention made of a Sir Ralph Wyke-
ham, living in the time of King John, and
of a Sir Robert Wykeham, contemporary
with Henry IN. ; but of these knights
little more is recorded. The great luminary
of the family was the celebrated Bishop of


Winchester, William of Wykeham, the
founder of Winchester College, and of New
College, Oxford. It is still however a con-
tested point, whether this eminent church-
man was or was not a lineal descendant of
the Wykehams of Swalclifte.* They have
from time immemorial claimed him as one
of their race; and in later times an inter-
marriage has taken place between Richard

* The following facts are advanced in support
of the affirmative :

1. The tradition which has ever existed in the

2. The distinct assertion of Nicholas Harps-
pell, himself a fellow of New College, and describ-
ed as " omni literarum genere ornatus,'' that the
prelate was a descendant of the Sir Ralph Wyke-
ham mentioned above.

3. The circumstance that there were members of




Wykeham of Swalcliffe, and the sister of
Richard Fiennes, last Viscount Say and
Sele, who was the lineal descendant and ul-
timate heiress of William of Wykeham.*

From the time of the above Sir Robert
Wykeham, there is a chasm until about the
commencement of the fourteenth century,

Robert Wykeham, Lord of SwalclhTe,
espoused Maud, daughter and heiress of
Reginald Waterville. He was s. by

Sir Robert Wykeham, kt. Lord of Swal-
clifle and Wykeham,who married Elizabeth,
daughter and heiress of Sir John Le Sore,
and was s. by his son,

John Wykeham, who wedded Alys Lyg-
garde, and had a son and successor,

Thomas Wykeham, whose son and heir,
by his wife Joyce Hanbury,

Sir Edward Wykeham, married Isabella,
daughter of Gyles Powlton, and was s. by
his son,

Humphry Wykeham, esq. living in 1569,
who m. the daughter of Edward Underbill,
and left a son and successor,

Richard Wykeham, esq. who wedded
Anne Houldbrook, and was s. by his son,

Humphry Wykeham, esq. of Swalcliffe.
This gentleman espoused Martha, daughter
of Rowley Ward, esq. serjeant-at-law, and
had issue,

Humphry, b. in 16G8.
He was s. by his eldest son,

Humphry Wykeham, esq. of Swalcliffe,
whom. in 1698, Susanna, daughter of Richard
Orlebar, esq. of Hinwick House, and dying
in 1703, was s. by his only surviving child,

Richard Wykeham, esq. of Swalcliffe,who
espoused Vere-Alicia,f daughter of the Rev.
Richard Fiennes, and sister and co-heir of
Richard, sixth and last Viscount Say and
Sele, by whom (who d. in 1768,) he had
surviving issue,

William-Humphry, b. in 1734.
Richard, in holy orders, vicar of Sul-
grave, and Chacon 1 he, in the county of
Northampton, and of Newton Purcell,
in Oxfordshire, m. Mary, daughter
of Charles Fox, esq. of Chacombe
Priory, in the county of Northamp-

the Swalcliffe family living in Hampshire, the
native county of William, of Wykeham.

4. The more than ordinary connexion which
appears to have existed between the Swalcliffe
family and the bishop. He gave the manors of
Newton and Broughton for two lives to Thomas
Wykeham, of Swalcliffe. He made extensive pur-
chases in the neighbourhood, and he devised large
legacies to four members of that family. One of
them, Nicholas de Wykeham, was the first war-
den of New College. John Wykeham was elected
to the same college, about the time of the founder's
death, and Richard, one of the Hampshire branch,
soon afterwards. The bishop's heir took the name
of Wykeham.

5. The fact that though he entered the service
of Edward the III. as secretary at twenty -four,
we never find him called by any other name.

* This eminent person, who was born at Wyke-
ham, in Hampshire, anno 13'24, owed his early
education to the liberality of Sir NicolasUvedale, to
whom, after quitting Oxford, he acted for some
time as private secretary ; a situation which he also
filled in the service ofEdington, Bishop of Win-
chester. About the period he had reached his
twenty-fourth year, he was similarly employed by
King Edward III. and became so great a favorite
with his Royal Master, that he was appointed sur-
veyor of the important castles of Windsor, Leeds,
Dover, Hadleigh, and of twelve smaller ones, with
the parks, manors, Sic. : henceforward he was
loaded with preferments until at the age of forty-
two (1369) he was constituted Bishop of Win-
chester, and soon afterwards, upon the resignation
of Archbishop Langham, made Chancellor of
England. So great was his influence at court,
that Froissart says: "En ce temps regnoit ung
prestre que on appelloit Messire Guillaume de

Wickham. Guillaume de Wickham estoit sibien
en la grace du Roy Angleterre, que par luy estoit
tout fait, et sans luy on ne faisoit riens."

Towards the close of Edward's reign he was
deprived of his preferments through the enmity of
the Duke of Lancaster, but his disgrace was of
brief duration, and he was fully reinstated. After
the death of the King he was impeached, but
most honorably acquitted, and he then obtained
a pardon from the crown, to protect him from simi-
lar persecution in future. Having escaped these
perils he directed his mind to acts of benevolence,
and commenced the building of New College in
1379, which he completed in seven years. In 1387
he laid the foundation of his college at Winches-
ter, and finished that work in 1393. These two
establishments were subsequently adopted as mo-
dels for the colleges of Eton and Westminster,
and for King's College, Cambridge.

He was again chancellor from 1389 to 1392;
again impeached in 1397, and again acquitted
From this period he mixed little in politics, but
devoted himself almost entirely to the affairs of
his diocess and colleges. He died in 1404, and
lies buried in Winchester cathedral.

f William Fiennes, second Lord Say and Sele,
espoused Margaret, daughter and heir of William
Wickham, son and heir of Sir Thomas Wickham,
knight, grandson maternally of William Champneis
and his wife Agnes, sister of William of Wyke-
ham. The family of Fiennes is one of the highest
antiquity, and can be traced to Charlemagne.
There are still members of it living in the vicinity
of Calais, which city was indebted to John de
Fiennes, with Eustace de St. Pierre, and four
other patriotic individuals for its safety in the
I reign of Edward HI.



ton, and had issue. (See Wykeham
George, lieut. R.N. m. Mary, daughter

of — Waddiugton, esq.
Vere, m. to the Rev. Richard Nicoll,
D.D. of Boddicot House, chaplain to
King George III. and had issue,
Susanna, *». to Benjamin Holloway,
esq. of Lee Place, and left issue.
Mr. Wykeham d. in 1751, and was s. by
his eldest son,

William Humphry Wykeham, esq. of
Swalcliffe, who m. the Hon. Sophia Wen-
man, eldest daughter of Philip, Viscount
Wenman, and eventually sole heiress of
her brother, Philip, the last viscount, (see
family of Wenman at foot), by whom (who
d. in 175)1) he left issue,

William -Richard, b. 24th October.

Philip-Thomas, m. first, Hester Louisa,
daughter of Fiennes Trotman, esq.
of Siston Court, in the county of
Gloucester, and had two sons,
Aubray- Wenman.
He wedded secondly, Eliza, eldest
daughter of Fiennes Wykeham-Mar-
tin, esq. of Leeds Castle, and dying
in 1832, was s. by his elder son, the
present Philip -Thomas -Herbert
Wykeham, esq. of Tythrop House,
in Oxfordshire, a property left her
brother by the Hon. Mrs. Herbert,
sister of the Viscountess Wenman.

Sophia- Anne, d. unmarried.

Harriet-Mary, m. first, to the Rev.
Willoughby Bertie, and secondly, to
Edward Johnson, esq.

He d. in 1784, and was s. by his eldest son,
William-Richard Wykeham, esq. of
Swalcliffe. This gentleman espoused first,
Elizabeth, daughter of W. Marsh, esq. and
had a son and daughter, viz.

William, b. in 1791 ; d. in 1798.
Sophia, his heiress.

Mr. Wykeham wedded, secondly, Miss
Hughes, but had no other issue. He died
in 1800, and was s. by his only surviving
child, the present Miss Wykeham, of
Thame Park and Swalcliffe.

jfamilg of SJHenman.

The Wenmans were seated at a remote
period in the counties of Oxford and Berks.

Henry Wenman, of Bluebury, in the
latter shire, wedded, in 1481, Emmote,
daughter and heiress of Symkin Hervey, of
the county of Hereford, and was grand-
father of

Sir Thomas Wenman, knt. living temp.
Queen Elizabeth, who m. Ursula daughter

and heir of Thomas Gilford, esq. of Twy-
ford, in the county of Buckingham, and ac-
quired with that lady the manors of Twy-
ford, Pounden, and Charndon. His eldest

Sir Richard Wenman, knt. sheriff of the
county of Oxford in 1562, espoused the
Hon. Isabel Williams, elder daughter and
co-heir of John, Lord Williams, of
Thame,* and was s. by his son,

Sir Richard Wenman, whose son and
successor, another

Sir Richard Wenman, received the ho-
nor of knighthood for his gallant conduct at
the taking of Cadiz in 1596, where he served
as a volunteer. He was sheriff of Oxford-
shire in 1627, and the next year was created
a peer of Ireland by King Charles I. in
the dignities of Baron Wenman of Kil-
maynham, and Viscount Wenman. He
was s. by his son,

Thomas Wenman, second Viscount. This
nobleman was one of the adventurers in
Ireland, when that kingdom was reduced
by the English Parliament, and subscribing
six hundred pounds, had an allotment of
land in the barony of Garry Castle, and
King's County. His lordship was appointed
by the parliament, one of the commissioners
to carry the proposition for peace to the
king at Oxford, in 1644 ; and was again ap-
pointed commissioner for the treaty at Ux-
bridge in the same year ; and for the treaty
at Newport in 1648. He was one of the
forty-one members, who for voting, " That
the concessions of his Majesty to the pro-
positions, upon the treaty of Newport, were
sufficient grounds for the House to proceed
upon, for the settlement of the peace of the
kingdom," were seized by the army, and
committed to close imprisonment. In the

* This nobleman d. in 1559, leaving two

Isabel, married, as in the text, to Sir Ri-
chard Wenman.
Margery, married to Sir Henry Norris, knt.
Lord Norris, of Rycote ; and her grand-
son, Francis, second Lord Norris, was
created, in 1620, Viscount Thame and
Earl of Berkshire. His lordship d. in
the same year, leaving an only daughter,
Lady Elizabeth Norris, when the vis-
county and earldom became ertinct. Lady
Elizabeth m. Edward, son of Sir William
Wray, of Glentwortb ; her daughter and
heiress, Bridget Wray, married for her
second husband, Montagu Bertie, Earl of
Lindsey ; and from this union the Earls of
Abingdon descend.
Upon the decease of Lord Williams, the barony
of Williams of Thame fell into abeyance be-
tween his daughters, the above ladies, Isabel and



year 1645, he was considered one of the suf-
ferers, and received four pounds per week,
by order of the parliament, for the damage
he had sustained from the king's troops
upon his estates in Oxfordshire. His lord-
ship married, and had two daughters, viz.
Frances, to. to Richard Samwell, esq.
of Upton. The lineal descendant
and representative of this marriage
is the present

well, esq. of Upton Hall. (See
that family, p. 440).
Penelope, to. to Sir Thomas Cave, bart.
of Stamford.
Dying thus, without surviving male issue,
Lord Wenman was s. by his uncle,

Philip Wenman, third viscount, who hav-
ing no male issue, procured from King
Charles II. a new entail of the honors
upon his next heir, Sir Richard Wenman,
bart. of Caswell, in the county of Oxford,
with the same precedency as the original
creation, and was succeeded accordingly
by the said

Sir Richard Wenmam, of Caswell, as
fourth viscount, who d. in 1727, and was
s. by his s6n,

Philip Wenman, fifth viscount, who to.

July 13, 1741, Sophia, eldest daughter, and
co-heir of James Herbert, esq. of Tythrop.
in the county of Oxford, (descended from
James Herbert, second son of Philip, fourth
Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery) and
had surviving issue,

Philip, his successor.
Thomas-Francis, b. in 1745, now de-
Sophia, to. to William Humphrey
Wykeham, esq.
His lordship d. August 16, 1760, and was s.
by his son,

Philip, sixth viscount, who wedded, in
1766, Eleanor, daughter of Willoughby.
Earl of Abingdon, but dying without issue,
his honors became extinct, and his estates
devolved upon his only surviving sister, So-
phia, grandmother of the present Miss

Arms — Ar. two chevronels between three

Estates — Swalcliffe, (possessed by the
family since the year 1200) Thame Park,
Sydenham, Thame, and other large estates
in the county of Oxford ; Pounden, Charn-
don, and Haddenham, in Buckinghamshire ;
Milton, in Kent.

Seats— Thame Park, and Swalcliffe
House, Oxfordshire.



FIENNES, esq. of Leeds Castle, in the county of Kent,
and of Chacombe Priory, Northamptonshire, b. 12th
January, 1769, m. Eliza, daughter of R. Bignell, esq.
and has had issue,

Charles, b. 11th September, 1801 ; to. 12th April, 1828,

Jemima-Isabella, only daughter of James, present

Earl Cornwallis, by whom he has
Philip, b. 18th January, 1829.
Fiennes, b. 1st November, 1831.
Richard-Fiennes, in holy orders, m. 24th April, 1832,

Anne-Catherine, daughter of Robert Mascall, esq. ol

Peasmarsh Place, in Sussex
Fiennes, who d. unmarried, in June, 1828.
Burton-Morice, died young.
Nigellus D'Oyley, died young.
Eliza, »». to Philip-Thomas Wykeham, esq. of Tythrop

House, in the county of Oxford, by whom, who d. in

1832, she has no issue.

Jean, to. in 1828, to William Blake, esq. and has issue.
Anna-Philippa, d. young.



This gentleman s. his maternal kinsman, General Philip Martin, 6th August, 1821,
and thereupon assumed the additional surname and arms of Martin. Mr. Wykeham-
Martin is a magistrate for Kent, and served the office of sheriff for that county in
1 824.


This is a branch of the ancient family of
Wykeham, of Swalclijfe, now, represented
by Miss Wykeham, of Thame.

Richard Wykeham, esq. of Swalcliffe,
espoused Vere -Alicia, only daughter of the
Rev. Richard Fiennes, and sister and co-
heir of Richard Fiennes, last Viscount Say
and Sele, by whom (who d. in 1768) he had

Richard, b. in 1732, and d. in 1735.
William-Humphry, who succeeded to

Swalcliffe. (See Wykeham of

Richard, of whom presently.
George, lieutenant, R.N. who m. Mary,

daughter of — Waddington, esq. and

d. in 1776, leaving issue.
Vere, m. to the Rev. Richard Nicoll,

D.D. chaplain to King George III.

and left issue,

1. John Nicoll, bencher, of the
Middle Temple.

2. Richard Nicoll, in holy orders,
rector of Cherrington, in Oxon.

Susanna, m. to Benjamin Holloway,
esq. of Lee Place, in Oxfordshire,
and left issue.

The third son,

The Rev. Richard Wykeham, vicar of
Sulgrave, and of Chacombe, in Northamp-
tonshire, and rector of Newton Purcell, in
Oxfordshire, wedded Mary, only surviving
daughter of Charles Fox, esq. of Chacombe
Priory (see family of Fox at foot) and had

Fiennes, who having adopted the addi-
tional surname of Martin, is the
present Fiennes Wykeham-Mar-
tin, esq. of Leeds Castle.
Richard, d. unm.

Frances-VERE, m. to the Rev. William
Hughes, rector of Bradenham, in the
county of Bucks, by whom (who d.
in 1831) she has a son, Charles, in
holy orders, and a daughter, Harriet.
Mary-Lucy, m. to the Rev. Egerton
Stafford, vicar of Chacombe, and
rector of Thenford, in the county of
Northampton, and has issue.
Mr. Wykeham d. in 1805.


MICHAEL Fox, b. in the reign of Henry
VII. purchased from the crown, at the dis-
solution of religious houses, the priory of

Chacombe. He married twice, and died
in 1568, leaving by his second wife, Cle-
mence, daughter of John Hawton, esq. a
son and heir,

Richard Fox, esq. of Chacombe Priory,
b. in 1530, who in. Alice, daughter of —
Gibbons, esq. and dying in 1599, was s. by
his son,

Michael Fox, esq. of Chacombe Priory,
b. in 1565, who wedded Catherine, daughter
of Sir Thomas Bigge, and d. in 1649. His
third son,

Charles Fox, esq. espoused Mary, daugh-
ter of Thomas Shirley, esq. of Preston, in
the county of Sussex, and was s. at his de-
mise in 1661, by his son,

Charles Fox, esq. b. in 1661, who wed-
ded Mary, daughter of John Martin,* esq.
of Ripe, in Sussex, and dying in 1722, was
s. by his son,

Charles Fox, esq. of Chacombe Priory,

b. in 1687, who in. Frances, daughter of

John Bradley, esq. and left at his decease

in 1749, one son and two daughters, viz.

Charles, his successor, b. in 1737, who

m. first, Anne-Eliza, daughter of the

Rev. William Egerton, rector of Far-

* This John Martin, of Ripe, had beside
the daughter Mary, who m. Charles Fox, esq. a

Denny Martin, esq. of Loose, in the county of
Kent, who wedded Frances, daughter of Thomas,
fifth Lord Fairfax, and had issue,


John, a major in the army.

Thomas- Brian.

Philip, heir to his brother Denny.



Tho eldest son,

The Rev. Denny Martin, D.D. assumed the
surname and arms of Fairfax, upon inheriting
the estates of Leeds Castle, in the county of Kent,
and in the Isle of Wight, from his maternal uncle,
Robert, seventh Lord Fairfax. These possessions
had been acquired by the fifth Lord Fairfax, in
marriage with Catherine, only daughter and heir-
ess of Thomas Baron Colepeper, of Thorsway.
Dr. Martin died in 1800, and was s. by his

General Philip Martin, at whose decease,
unmarried, in 1821, the estates devolved upon the
representative of his aunt, and his heir at law, the
present Fiennes Wykhia.m-Martin, esq



thingo, in the county of Northampton,
and secondly, Jean, relict of Dr.
Scott, M.D. but dying s . p. in 1810,
he was *. by his nephew, the present

Mary, m. to the Rev. Richard Wyke-
ham, and was mother of the present
Fiennes Wykeham-Martin, esq.

Frances, d. unmarried.

A raw - - -First and fourth, Gu. a lion ram-
pant within an orle of cross crosslcts and
mullets alternately, or, for Martin. Second

and third, Arg. two chevronels between
three roses gu. for Wykeham.

Crests — A martin entwined by a serpent
ppr. in the beak a cross crosslet fitehee or,
for Martin. A bull's head erased sa.
armed or, charged with two chevronels or,
for Wykeham.

Motto — Manners makyth man.

Estates — Chacombe, in the county of
Northampton ; Leeds Castle, in the county
of Kent, and in the Isle of Wight.

Seats — Chacombe Priory, in Northamp-
tonshire ; Leeds Castle, Kent.


POLWHELE, THE REV. RICHARD, of Polwhele, in the county of Cornwall,

vicar of Manaccan, b. 6th January, 1760, m. first,
Loveday, daughter of Samuel Warren, esq. of Truro, and
had issue to survive infancy,

Edward-Collins, lieutenant R.N. now deceased.



Mr. Polwhele wedded, secondly, Mary, daughter of Rich-
es. "\ y' / ard Tyrrell, esq. of Starcross, in Devonshire, by whom he


Richard-Graves, of the Hon. East India Company's
Service, captain in the artillery, Madras establish-
ment, m. Louisa-Frances- Amelia, only daughter of
the late Rev. Robert Greville, of Wyastone, in the
county of Derby.

Thomas, captain in the East India Company's Infantry,
Bengal establishment, m. Edith-Hoskin, daughter
of the late John James, esq. of Truro, and has a son,


Francis, lieutenant R.N.

William, in holy orders, vicar of St. Anthony, in
Meneage, m. Georgiana, daughter of Mr. Roskruge,
of Trenevas, by whom he has a son,








This gentleman, one of the most eminent of our literary veterans, is known as a
poet, essayist, and local historian, and has acquired in each department a well earned
reputation. His works have passed through several editions, and been favorably re-
ceived by the critics. Amongst the admirers of his genius, and they are numerous, he
had the honor of ranking Sir Walter Scott, with whom he maintained an interesting

Mr. Polwhele has acted for thirty years as a justice of the peace and deputy-warden
of the stannaries of Cornwall.




This family claims Saxon origin, and
takes its name from the manor of Polwhele,
(in Domesday Polhel) in the county of
Cornwall, a manor occupied, under Edward
the Confessor, by WlNUS de Polhal (Pol-
wel or Polwyl), and then by ULFIUS, a vil-
lein of the earl of Moreton ; but that was a
temporary possession. To make room for
the earl of Moreton, the Conqueror had
expelled the former earl, and all his ad-
herents, from their hereditary lands. In
the year 1140, the Empress, then trium-
phant over Stephen, and rewarding her
victorious adherents, conferred* lands in
Cornwall, upon her chamberlain,

Drogo de Polwheile, with whom the
pedigree of the family commences. From
this Drogo, we pass to his lineal descendant,

John Polwhyll, of Polwhyll, living in

the time of Henry V. who m. Alicia ,

and had (with a daughter, Elizabeth, m. to
Robert Tonkin, of Trevawnance) his suc-
cessor at his decease, 20th of Henry VI.

JOHN PolwHYLE, of Polwhyle, who wed-
ded Alicia, daughter and heiress of Otho
Lukie, and was s. by his son,

Otho Polwheile, of Polwheile,+ living
temp. Edward IV. who espoused Mary,

* By a deed which begins thus, " Drogoni de
Polwheile Camerario raeo," &c.

t At the time of the Norman Conquest, stood
about two miles east of Truro, the castle of Pol-
whelk, not far probably from that high ground call-
ed " The Barrows," in which sepulchral urns had
been deposited, and between which and the pre-
sent mansion house, fragments of gothic arches
and pillars, and sculptured and inscribed stones,
and baptismal fonts (the work of after ages), have
been discovered, and are perhaps still discover-

At the other extremity of what is now the
parish of St Clement, stood the Castle of Moresk,
overshadowing from its turrets " a branch of the
sea." ....

Of these castles we have no distinct account
till the reign of Edward the Fourth. It was then,
in 147. >, that William of Worcestre came into
Cornwall ; and in the vicinity of'Truro he notices
the two rival casdes. The castle of Polwhele
wis the property of a gentleman then in the ser-
vice of the King. The castle of Moresk was oc-
cupied by a vassal of the Duke of Cornwall, stand-
ing near the sea, at the extreme point of the
Duchy Manor. Polwhele, unconnected with the
Duch'v, and independent of the Dukes," in Villa
Polwhele," or " on the manor," (as Worcestre ex-
presses it) had towered on a commanding site for

the daughter and heiress of Walter Kille-
grew, and had a son and heir,

Stephen Polwheile, of Polwheile, who
m. Mary, daughter of Erisie de Erisie, and
left a son,

John Polwheile, of Polwheile. This

Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 65 of 112)