John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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he is stated to have become a member of
Lincoln's Inn, and to have given himself
up to " a habit of gaming, the juice of the
grape, and the charms of the fair." His
career of intemperance was not however of
long duration, for we find him before he
had quite attained majority " returning to
Huntington, harkening to the advice of his
mother, attending divine service regularly
in his parish church, renouncing his former
vicious companions, and with them his ex-
travagancies." He m. on the 20th August,
1620, Elizabeth Bourchier, daughter of
Sir James Bourchier, of Fitsted. in Essex,
and had by that lady nine children, of whom
survived infancy,

i. Robert, b. in 1621, d. unmarried,
before his father.

II. Oliver, b. in 1622, killed in 1648,
fighting under the parliamentary

in. Richard, who succeeded his father
in the Protectorate,* in. Dorothy,

* Richard Cromwell was born at Hunting-
don, 4th October, 1626 ; educated at Felsted, in
Essex, and admitted of the society of Lincoln s-
Inn, 27th May, 1647, Mr. (afterwards secretary)
Thurloe, becoming one of his securities. On his
marriage he became a resident at Hursley • and
was distinguished only as the complete country
gentleman, devoted entirely to his wife, and to
his horses, hounds, hawks, &c. In this compa-
ratively happy retirement he lived for some time ;
but on his father's advancement to the Protecto-
rate, he was made first Lord of Trade and Navi-
gation, (11th November, 1655) and returned soon
after one of the members for Hampshire. In
August, 1657, he had a narrow escape from being
crushed to death, by the giving way of the stairs
of the Banquetting-house, when the members
were going to pay their respects to his father ; he
had some of his bones broken by the accident, but
youth and a good constitution soon enabled him
to get the better of it. The Protector having re-
signed the chancellorship at Oxford, in 1657, the
University elected Richard, his successor, and he
was at the same time created a master of Arts.
Shortly afterwards he was sworn a Privy Coun-
sellor, made a colonel in the armv, placed at the
head of the newlv constituted House of Lords,
and entitled " the Right Hon. the Lord Richard,



daughter of Richard Major, esq. of
Hursley, in Hants, and left surviving

Elizabeth, who d. unmarried, in

Anne, m. to Thomas Gibson, M.D.
physician general to the army,
and d. s. p. in 1727.
Dorothy, to. to John Mortimer,
esq. of the county of Somerset,
and d. in 1681.

iv. Henry, of whom presently.

v. Bridget, to. first, in 1646-7, to lieu-
tenant general Henry Ireton, lord
deputy of Ireland, who died of the
plague at the seige of Limerick,
26th November, 1561. She espoused,
secondly, general Charles Fleetwood,
also lord deputy of Ireland, and died
in 1681.

VI. Elizabeth, to. in 1645-6, to John
Claypole, esq. of Norborough, in the
county of Northampton, master of
the horse to the Protector, and d. in

vn. Mary, to. in 1657, to Thomas Be-
lasyse, viscount (afterwards earl of)
Fauconberg, and died s. p. in 1712-
13. This lady, Burnet describes as
" a wise and worthy woman, more
likely to have maintained the post of
Protector, than either of her brothers ;
according to a saying that went of
her, (he continues) that those who
wore breeches deserved petticoats
better, but if those in petticoates had
been in breeches, they would have
held faster."

vni. Frances, m. first, in 1657, to the
Hon. Robert Rich, grandson of Ro-
bert, earl of Warwick, and secondly,
to Sir John Russel, bart. of Chippen-

eldest son of his serene highness, the Protector."
On the demise of his father, he succeeded to the
sovereign power ; it has been remarked as tran-
quilly, and with as little opposition as though he
had been the descendant of a long line of princes.
But according to Bishop Burnet, " he had neither
genius, nor friends, nor treasure, nor army to sup-
port him," and his sway was consequently brief.
His reign lasted but seven months and twenty-
eight days. He resided abroad until about 1680 ;
but where his various peregrinations led him, is
not known with any degree of certainty. When
he returned to his own country he appears to have
assumed the name of Clark, and to have resided
at Serjeant ( afterwards Chief Baron) Pengelly's
house, at Cheshunt ; to the end of his life courting
privacy and retirement, and cautiously avoiding
so much as the mention of his former elevation,
even to his most intimate acquaintance. He died
at Cheshunt, 13th July, 1712, in the eighty-eighth
year of his age, and was buried with some pomp
in the chancel of Hursley church, Hampshire,
near his deceased lady. — T'homas Cromwell.

ham, in Cambridgeshire. Her lady-
ship d. in 1720-1.
Cromwell, after a series of military tri-
umphs, was declared Lord Protector on
the 12th December, 1653, and inaugurated
on the 16th of the same month. There is
hardly one man in the whole range of his-
tory whose good sword achieved an empire,
with less of the hero in his composition,
than this successful soldier. Fanaticism,
superstition, and cruelty, were the predomi-
nating traits of his character. A pro-
found hypocrite, he regarded every body
who approached him with suspicion ; his
nearest kindred were objects of distrust.
He had no friends ; and when, with himself,
the influence of his name expired, his family
fell without a struggle. Cromwell died at
Whitehall, on the 3d September, 1658, and
was publicly interred, with regal pomp, in
Henry YII.'s chapel, on the 23d Novem-
ber following. His remains, with those of
Ireton and Bradshaw, were dug up, after
the Restoration, and being pulled out of
their coffins, hanged at Tyburn on the 30th
January, 1660-1, until sunset ; when they
were taken down, beheaded, and flung into
a deep hole under the gallows. When the
coffin of Cromwell was broken into, a leaden
canister was found lying on his breast, and
within it a copperplate, gilt, with the arms
of England, impaling those of Cromwell, on
one side, and on the other the following in-
scription : " Oliverius Protector Reipub-
licae Anglia?, Scotias, et Hiberniae, natus 25'
Aprilus, anno 1599°; inauguratus 16° De-
cembris, 1653 ; mortuus 3° Septembris,
anno 1658, hie situs est." The Protector's
mother died four years before himself, and
was buried in Westminster Abbey. His
fourth son,

Henry Cromwell, b. 20th January,
1627-8, entered on a military life at the
age of sixteen, and served under his father
in Ireland, of which kingdom he was after-
wards lord deputy. " In every situation,"
says Doctor Leland, " Henry Cromwell was
penetrating, just, and generous." So great,
indeed, was his prudent conduct during his
lieutenancy, that he brought the nation into
a flourishing condition, and he behaved
with such strict impartiality in his govern-
ment, as to extort esteem from the most un-
compromising royalists. He was endowed,
however, with the same moderate disposi-
tion as his brother Richard, and on the de-
mise of his father, quietly resigned his
command, returning to England, where he
continued afterwards to reside as a country
gentleman, unconcerned in the various
changes of the state, and unembittered by
the ills of ambition. It is even thought
that he rejoiced in the restoration of the
king, and he was not only included in the
act of indemnity, but received some marks



of royal favor. He m. in 1655, Elizabeth,
eldest daughter of Sir Francis Russell, bart.
of Chippenham, and had issue,

Oliver, b. in 1656.

Henry, b. in 1658.

Francis, b. in 1663 ; d. unmarried in

Richard, b. in 1665; d. unmarried in

William, b. in 1667 ; d. unmarried in

Elizabeth, m. to William Russell, esq.
of Fordham, and d. in 1711.
Henry Cromwell died in 1673, and was *.
at Spinney Abbey, by his eldest son,

Oliver Cromwell, esq. of Spinney Ab-
bey, in the county of Cambridge, who was
s. at his decease, by his next brother,

Henry Cromwell, esq. who disposed of
the estate at Spinney Abbey, and entered
the army. By the 'interest of the Duke of
Ormonde (who was under obligations to his
father and grandfather), he became a major
of foot ; and would probably have obtained
further promotion, had he not been cut off
by a fever, whilst serving under Lord Gal-
way, in Spain. His death occurred in 1711.
He had espoused Hannah, eldest daughter
of Benjamin Hewling, a Turkey merchant,
and left issue,

i. William, b. in 1693; m. in 1750,
Mary, daughter of William Sher-
well, esq. of London, and relict of
Thomas Westby, esq. of Linton, in
Cambridgeshire, but had no issue,
n. Richard, m. in 1723, Sarah, daugh-
ter of Ebenezer Gatton, of South-
wark, and dying in 1759, left,

Robert, who d. at Cheshunt, in

Elizabeth,"! all died unmarried, be-
Anne, V queathing their es-

Laetitia, J tate to their cousin.
HI. Henry, d. unmarried in 1769.
iv. Thomas, of whom presently.
v. Oliver, an officer in the army, d.
unmarried in 1748.

vn.^annah, \ both died un »^rried.
The fourth son,

Thomas Cromwell, esq. b. in 1699, wed-
ded first, Miss Frances Tidman, and had
surviving issue,

Henry, who d. unmarried in 1771.
Anne, m. to John Field, of London,
and had issue,

Henry Field, of Woodford, Essex,
in. Esther, daughter of John
Barron, esq. of Deptford.
Oliver Field, m. in 1787, Eliza-
beth, daughter of Thomas Git-
ting, esq. of Salop.
John Field, an officer in the Mint,
m. Mary, only child of Charles

d. unmarried.

Pryer, esq. of London, mer-
William Field, m. Mary, daughter
of the Rev. John Wilkins, of
Bourton, in Gloucestershire.
Anne Field, m. to Thomas Gwin-

nell, of Worcester, merchant.
Elizabeth Field,? , ., ,. ,
Sophia Field, \ botb d,ed unm '

Letitia Field, m. to the Rev. John
Wilkins, of Bourton, in Glou-
Mr. Cromwell m. secondly, Mary, daughter
of Nicholas Skinner, esq. merchant, of Lon-
don, and had two other sons and two daugh-
ters, viz.

Oliver, his successor,
Thomas, lieutenant in the East India
Company's service, d. in India, anno
1771, unmarried.
The elder son of the second marriage,

Oliver Cromwell, esq. succeeded to the
estate at Theobalds, under the will of his
cousins, Elizabeth, Anne, and Letitia,
daughters of Richard Cromwell, esq.* He
espoused, in 1771, Mary, daughter and co-
heir of Morgan Morse, esq. and had a son
and daughter, viz.

Oliver, who died in his father's life-
Elizabeth-Oliveria, the present Mrs.
Mr. Cromwell, who published Memoirs of
the Protector Oliver Cromwell, and his
sons, Richard and Henry, died in 1821,
when the representation of" the Protectorate
family devolved upon his only surviving
child, Elizabeth-Oliveria RussELL.f

Arms — Sa. a lion rampant arg.

Crest — A demi-lion rampant arg. in his
dexter gamb a gem ring or.

Motto — Pax quseritur bello.

Estates — In the parish of Cheshunt,

Seat — Cheshunt Park, formerly called
Brantyngeshay Park.

* And Sarah, his wife, daughter of Ebenezer
Gatton, of Southwark, by Eleanor, surviving
sister of Sir Robert Thornhill. The Thornhills
acquired the estate at Theobalds by purchase from
Monk, Duke of Albemarle, to whom it was
granted by King Charles II.

t Mr. Cromwell, wishing to perpetuate the
name of his great ancestor, applied, it is said, in
the usual quarter, for permission that his son-in-
law should assume the surname of Cromwell,
when to his astonishment (considering that such
requests are usually granted on the payment of
certain fees, as a matter of course,) the permission
was refused. Such a course of proceeding is
too contemptible for comment.



DUNLOP, JOHN, esq. of Dunlop, in the county of Ayr, an officer in the 1st
Grenadier Guards, b. in 1806, to. in 1829, Charlotte-Constance, daughter of Major-
General Sir Richard-Downs Jackson, K.C.H. and has issue,

James, b. in 18.30.

Captain Dunlop, who succeeded to the estates upon the demise of his father, in 1832,
represents the Kilmarnock district of Boroughs in parliament.


Of the establishment of the family of
Dunlop of that Ilk, we have no authentic
accounts. The first is in the reign of
Alexander III. when,

Dom. Gulielmus de Dunlop appears as
one of those who sate on an inquest to settle
a dispute between Dom. Godfredus de Ross
and the borough of Irvine, anno 1260. In


Niel Fitz Robert de Dunlop signed
the Ragman's Roll. In 1351

James Dunlop was in possession of Dun-
lop as appears from an old valuation of the
county of Ayr. He was s.'by

John de Dunlop, who had a charter from
Hugh de Blair, dated 1407.

Alexander Dunlop, mentioned by Ry-
mer, as Alexander Dunlop, of that Ilk, in
the reign of James I. and in the early part
of James II. appears to have been suc-
ceeded by

Constantyne Dunlop, as there is a
charter in the Dumbarton Rolls, from Con-
stantyne Dunlop, of that Ilk, to his son,

Alexander Dunlop, of the lands of Hanthall,
dated 1471. This son, his successor,

Alexander Dunlop, of Dunlop, was
father of

Constantyne Dunlop, whose retour as
Dunlop of that Ilk is dated 1476. He was
s. by his son,

Constantyne Dunlop, of that Ilk, who
was appointed by parliament, in 1489,
among other lords (as they were termed) to
collect the by-gone rents and casualties of
the crown. He is, also, mentioned as a
member of an inquest on the retour of Ma-
thew, earl of Lennox. Constantyne Dun-
lop d. in 1505, leaving (with a daughter,
Jannet, m. to James Stuart, sheriff of Bute,
great-grandson of King Robert II.) a son
and successor,

John Dunlop, of that Ilk, whose infeoft-
ment is not dated till 1507. This gentle-
man m. in 1492, Marion Douglas, and had
one son, Alexander, and a daughter, who
wedded Hugh Maxwell, of Auld House.
He d. in 1509, and was s. by his son,

Alexander Dunlop, of that Ilk, who
wedded Ellen Cuninghame, of the house of
Glencairn, and had five sons, James, Wil-
liam, Constantyne, Robert, and Andrew ; by
the eldest of whom,

James Dunlop, of that Ilk ; he was suc-
ceeded at his decease in 1549. This gen-
tleman espoused Isabel, daughter of Gavin
Hamilton, of Orbieston, and had two sons,
James and Allan. He was s. at his decease,
by the elder,

James Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk, who wed-
ded in 1574, Jean, daughter of Somerville,
of Cambermathan, descended from Sir John
Somerville, son of John, third Lord Somer-
ville, and had issue,
James, his heir.
John, who purchased the lands of

Thomas, who m. Grizell, daughter of



Cochrane, of that Ilk, and from this
alliance are descended the Dunlops
of Househill.
Robert, to whom his father left the
lands of Bloak.
The laird of Dunlop died in 1616, and was
s. by his son,

James Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk. This
gentleman m. in 1614, Margaret, relict of
John Campbell, bishop of Lismore, or Ar-
gyle, and daughter of Gavin Hamilton, bishop
of Galloway, son of John Hamilton, of
Orbieston, slain at the battle of Langside.
By her he had a son James, who eventually
succeeded. Resisting the government of
Charles I. in its attempt to introduce epis-
copacy into Scotland, the laird of Dunlop,
for the purpose of security executed a deed
making over his estate to his brother, John
of Garnkirk; this deed was acted on in
1633, when his brother took possession, and
in five years after, made a resignation to
his nephew,

James Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk, who es-
poused Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander
Cunninghame, esq. of Corsehill, by Mary,
daughter of Sir Patrick Houstoun, of that
Ilk, and had issue,

Alexander, his heir.

John, of whom nothing is known.

Jean, m. in 1674, to William Ralston,

esq. of Ralston.
Marion, m. to David Montgomery, esq.
of Lainshaw.
During the civil wars Dunlop appears to
have acted a prominent part. He was sub-
sequently a warm supporter of the Presby-
terians, and was obliged, in consequence,
to make over a considerable portion of his
estates to Lord Dundonald. From 1665 to
1667, he suffered imprisonment, but was
liberated in the latter year under a bond of
12,000 marks, notwithstanding which, we
find him, within a few months only, joining
in the rising of the Pentland Hills. He
was s. at his demise, by his elder son,

Alexander Dunlop, esq. who does not
appear ever to have obtained possession of
the barony of Dunlop, which his father had
made over to Lord Dundonald. This laird
»vas a zealous supporter of the cause of
liberty and the covenant. Upon suspicion
of being concerned in the rising of Bothwell
Bridge, he was arrested on the 30th July,
1683, compelled to surrender a portion of
his estates, and to execute a bond for
£12,000 to appear in the November follow-
ing. He was indicted anew in April, 1684,
when he made over to his son, John, the
lands which had been settled upon him on
his marriage. He emigrated soon after to
America, and was appointed in 1685, sheriff
of South Carolina. He married in 1667,
Antonia, daughter and heiress of Sir John
Brown, of Fordal, by Mary Scott, daughter

and co-heiress of Sir John Scott, of Rossie,
quarter master general to the army in the
early part of Charles the First's reign.
He left a son and heir,

John Dunlop, esq. who obtained the ba-
rony of Peacock Bank and other farms,
from his father in 1684 : and in the follow-
ing year the Earl of Dundonald resigned
to him the possessions which he had acquired
from his grandfather. In 1687, the laird of
Dunlop, by an adjudication in his favour, re-
covered all his grandfather's estates, though
heavily burdened by expenses and fines. He
does not appear ever to have been married,
and dying in 1706, was s. by his brother,

Francis Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk. This
gentleman was one of those who were ap-
pointed March 26, 1707, to see the regalia
of Scotland, built up in the crown-room in
the castle of Edinburgh, as appears from the
minute of proceedings, taken at the time,
and left amongst his papers. In 1715, he
took an active part against the Chevalier,
and was lieutenant-colonel, under the Earl
of Kilmarnock, of a regiment of Fencible
cavalry then raised. Colonel Dunlop es-
poused first, in 1709, Susan, only daughter
and heiress of John Leckie, esq. of New-
lands, by whom he had three sons and one
daughter, viz.

John, his heir.

Hugh, who died young.

Alexander, Major of the Enniskillen

Antonia, m. to Sir Thomas Wallace, bt.
of Craigie.
The laird of Dunlop wedded, secondly, a
daughter of Sir — Kinloch, of Gilmourton,
by whom he had two daughters, Frances,
d. unm. and Magdalene, m. to Robert Dun-
lop, esq. He died in 1748, and was s. by
his son,

John Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk, who was
deputed in 1745 by the gentleman of Ayr-
shire, together with Sir Thomas Wallace,
of Craigie, to offer the assistance of the
county to the Duke of Cumberland. He
wedded Frances-Anne, last surviving child
of Sir Thomas Wallace, of Craigie, by
Eleanor, his wife, daughter and heiress of
Agnew, of Lochryan, by whom he had six
sons and six daughters, viz.
Francis, who d. young.
Thomas, who s. his maternal grand-
father, and assumed the surname and
arms of Wallace. He espoused
Eglinton, daughter of Sir William
Maxwell, bt.
Andrew, heir to his father.

John, who m. his cousin, Magdalene,

daughter of Robert Dunlop, esq. and

had issue.

Anthony, who m. Ann, daughter of

Alex. Cunningham, esq. younger




brother of Sir Wm. Cunningham, bt.
of Robertland.

Eleanor, m. to Monsieur Pirochon.

Henrietta, died young.

Susan, m. to Monsieur Henry.

Frances, m. to Robert Vans-Agnew,
esq. of Barnbarroch. (See that fa-

Rachel, m. to Robert Glasgow, esq.

Mr. Dunlop d. in 1784, and was s. by his
second surviving son,

Andrew Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk. This
gentleman entering into the military service
of his country, served in the first American
war, and attained the rank of major. He
afterwards raised a regiment of horse called
the Ayrshire fencible cavalry, which he com-
manded until its reduction in 1800. Some-
time, subsequently, he was sent to the West
Indies, and dying unmarried, in 1804, a bri-
gadier-general, in command of the troops in
the island of Antigua, he was s. by his

James Dunlop, esq. of that Ilk, who,
adopting, like his predecessor, the profes-
sion of arms, served likewise in the Ame-
rican war. In 1787, he proceeded to India,
as captain of the 77th regiment, where he
remained thirteen years, and commanded
one of the assaulting columns at the storming
of Seringapatam, when he was severely
wounded. He returned soon after to Eng-
land, and was employed at home. In 1810,

having attained the rank of major-general,
he was appointed to the command of a bri-
gade in the fifth division of Lord Welling-
ton's army, and he remained at the head ot
that division during the campaign of 1811.
In 1812, General Dunlop was elected mem-
ber for the stewartry of Kirkcudbright, as
he was in the two ensuing parliaments. He
m. in 1802, Julia, dau. of Hugh Baillie, esq.
younger son of Baillie, of Monckton, by
whom he had three sons and two daughters,

m. 1831, Ellen-Cle-
daughter of Robert

John, his heir.
Hugh, lieut. R.N.
mentino, only
Cockburn, esq.
Andrew, d. 1831.

Anna, m. 1824, Francis John Davies,
captain in the Grenadier Guards,
and d. 1825.
General Dunlop died in 1832, and was s. by
his eldest son, the present John Dunlop,
esq. of that ilk.

Arms — Arg. an eagle with two heads dis-
played gu.

Crest — A dagger in a dexter hand erect.
Motto— Merho.

Estates — Dunlop, situated in the county
of Ayr — the family estate since 1260.

Southwick, in the stewartry of Kirkcud-
bright, purchased by General James Dun-

Seat — Dunlop.


AGNEW-VANS, PATRICK, esq. of Barnbarroch, in the county of Wigton, a lieu-
tenant-colonel in the East India Company's
service, on the Madras Establishment, and a
Companion of the Bath, b. 6th January, 1783,
m. 7th September, 1813, Miss Catherine
Fraser, of Inverness, and has issue,


Patrick- Alexander.









Colonel Vans-Agnew,* who is a deputy-lieutenant and justice of the peace for
Wigtonshire, succeeded his brother, on the 12th October, 1825.

* Colonel Vans-Agnew served with distinction in India for twenty-five years, during which period
he was never absent from his duty beyond a few months. He participated in most of the important
actions which occurred, and was almost constantly in the field. He repeatedly traversed the Madras
and Bombay territories, as well as the Deccan and Malwah, and has frequently filled high and in-
fluential situations,.




The family of Vans or Vaus claims to be
a branch of the great house of Vaux, so
celebrated in every part of Europe. (See
Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage.) In
page 133 of Sir David Lindsay's Heraldry
certified by the privy council, Vaus is men-
tioned as one of " the surnames of tkame
that come furtli of In gland with Sanct Mar-
garet ," and in page 17 of the selection of
the Harleian Miscellany by Kearsley, print-
ed in 1793, it is said,'" Out of these con-
fusions in England, Malcolm King of Scot-
land did take his opportunity for action. He
received into protection many from Eng-
land, who either from fear or discontent-
ment forsook their country, of whom many
families in Scotland are descended, and
namely, these, Lindesay, Vaus, Ramsay,
&c. &c." Lord Hailes, Rapin, Hume, and
other authorities, notice the reception of the
Anglo-Normans by Malcolm.

Nisbet (Ar. Vans of Barnbarroch) says,
" The learned antiquary and historian, Sir
James Dalrymple, observes that the ancient
surname Vans, in Latin Charters called De
Vallibus, is the same with the name of
Vaux in England, and is one of the first
surnames which appear there after the Con-
quest. One of the family came to Scotland
in the time of King David I. and in the reign
of his grandson and successor Malcolm
IV. mention is made of Philip de Vallibus
who had possessions in the South, and
soon after that we find the family of Vallibus
or Vans, proprietors of the lands and
Barony of Dirletoun in East Lothian."

John de Vallibus is a witness to two
charters of King Malcolm IV. the one No.
31 in the Coldingham Chartulary, and the

Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 67 of 112)