John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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rister-at-law, who m. Barbara, daughter and
heiress of John Cockcroft, esq. of Thornton,
but dying s.p. was s. by his brother,

Walter Stanhope, esq. of Horseforth.
This gentleman espoused first, Mary, daugh-
ter of Patience Ward, esq. but by her had
no issue. He wedded, secondly, Anne, dau.
of William Spencer, esq. of Cannon Hall,
in the county of York, by whom he had an
only son,

Walter Stanhope, esq. of Horseforth,
and Cannon Hall, who assumed, by letters
patent, on the demise issueless of his uncle,
John Spencer, esq. the additional surname
and arms of that family. He in. Mary Wi-
nifred, daughter and heiress of Thomas Ba-
bington Pulleine, esq. of Carlton Hall, in
the county of York, by Winifred, his wife,
daughter of Edward Collingwood, esq. of
Dissington, by Mary, daughter and co-heir
of John Roddam, esq. of Roddam. By this
lady he had issue,

John, his heir.

Edward, who assumed upon the demise
of his grand uncle, the surname and
arms of Collingwood, of Dissing-
ton. — (See that family).

William,who assumed, upon the demise
of his relative, Admiral Roddam, the
name and arms of Roddam. (See
family of Roddam, of Roddam).

Charles, in holy orders.

Philip, lieutenant-colonel in the army,
and captain in the Grenadier Guards.

Hugh, a barrister-at-law.

Maryanne, m. to Robert Hudson, esq.
of Tadworth Court, in Surrey.



Mr. Spencer Stanhope, who sate in several
parliaments for the boroughs of Hull,Hasle-
mere, Cockermouth, and Carlisle, died April
10, 1821, at the age of seventy-two, and was
s. by his eldest son, the present John Spen-
cer-Stanhope, esq. of Cannon Hall.

Arms — Quarterly, first and fourth Quar-
terly, ermine and gules, for Stanhope.—
Second and third ; azure, a fess ermine be-
tween six seamews' heads, erased, proper,
for Spencer.

Crests — First, A tower az. with a demi-lion
rampant issuing from the battlements or,
ducally crowned gu. holding between his
paws a grenade, firing proper, for Stanhope.
Second, A seamew proper, for Spencer.

Mottoes— A deo et rege — for Stanhope.
Dieu defend le droit, for Spencer.

Estates— Horseforth, and Cannon Hall,
both in Yorkshire.

Seat — Cannon Hall.



BERKELEY, ROBERT, esq. of Spetchley, in the county of Worcester, espoused

in 1792, Apollonia, third daughter of Richard Lee, esq.
of Llandfoist, in Monmouthshire, by whom (who d. in
September, 1806) he has had issue,

Robert, m. in 1822, Henrietta Sophia, eldest daughter
and co-heir of the late Paul Benfield, esq. of Grosve-
nor-square, M.P. by Mary-Frances, his wife, grand-
daughter of Sir John Swinburne, of Capheaton, bart.
and has

1. Robert, b. 8th October, 1823.

2. John-Edward.

3. Henry- William.

4. Mary-Frances.

5. Harriet-Eliza.

6. Agnes-Caroline.

7. Emily-Jane.

\^# '%&7


all now deceased.

Mr. Berkeley succeeded to the estates at the decease of his uncle, in 1804.


This ancient family deduces its descent
from Hardinge, a younger son of one of the
kings of Denmark, who came over to Eng-
land with William the Conqueror, and fought
at the battle of Hastings. His son,

Robert Fitzhardinge. obtained for his
fidelity to King Henry II. the Castle of
Berkeley, wrested from Roger de Berke-
ley, of Dursley, a partisan of Stephen, and
thereby became one of the feudal barons of
the realm. He married Eva, niece of Wil-
liam the Conqueror, and founded the mo-
nastery of St. Augustine, at Bristol, in the
year 1140, and was buried there in 1170.
He was s. by his eldest son,

Maurice de Berkeley, who strengthened
his tenure of Berkeley Castle, by marry-
ing, at the instigation of Henry II. Alice,
daughter and heiress of the ousted lord,
Roger de Berkeley, of Dursley.* By this
lady he had six sons, and was *. by the eldest,

Mu rice de Berkeley, who died without
issue, and was s. by his brother,

Thomas de Berkeley. This feudal lord
wedded Joane, daughter of Ralph de Somery,
Lord of Campden, in the county of Glouces-
ter, and niece of William Marshal, Earl of
Pembroke, and was *. at his decease, in
1243, by his son,

* For a more extended detail of the feudal
Lords of Berkeley, refer to Burke's Eztinct and
Dormant Peerage.

Maurice de Berkeley, who m. Isabel de
Credonia, and dying in 1281, was *. by his

Thomas de Berkeley, who was sum-
moned to parliament, as Lord Berkeley, of
Berkeley Castle, from 23rd June, 1295, to
15th May, 1321. His lordship m. Jane,
daughter of William de Ferrars, Earl of
Derby, and dying in 1321, was s. by his

Maurice de Berkeley, second lord, who
wedded Eva, daughter of Lord Zouche, and
was *. by his son,

Thomas de Berkeley, third lord, in whose
custody the unfortunate Edward II. was
confined, but being suspected of treating his
royal prisoner with too much indulgence, he
was required to deliver up the ill-fated mo-
narch with his castle of Berkeley to Lord
Maltravers and Sir Thomas Gourney, by
whom the king was shortly afterwards bar-
barously murdered. This baron m. Marga-
ret, daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of
March, and from him we pass to his des-

James Berkeley, who inherited on the
death of his uncle, in 1416, the lordship and
castle of Berkeley, and was summoned to
parliament from 9th October, 1421, to 23rd
May, 1461. This nobleman m. first, a dau.
of Humphrey Stafford, of Hooke, in the
county of Dorset, but had no issue. He es-
poused secondly, Isabel, widow of Henry



son and heir of William, Lord Ferrers, of
Groby, and second daughter and co-heir of
Thomas Mowbrav, first Duke of Norfolk,
Earl Marshal of England,* by this lady he
had issue,

1. William (Sir), created Viscount
Berkeley, Earl of Nottingham and
Marquess of Berkeley. On the ac-
cession of Henry VII. his lordship
was constituted Earl Marshal of
England, with limitation to the heirs
male of his body. He d. in 1492,
leaving no issue, although married
thrice, when all those honors became

2. Maurice, ancestor of the extant
Earls Berkeley.

3. James, killed in France, and d. s. p.

4. Thomas, of whom presently.

5. Elizabeth, m. to Thomas Burdett,
esq. of Arrow, in the county of War-

6. Isabel, m. to Thomas Trye, esq. of
Hardwick, in Gloucestershire.

7. Alice, m. to Richard Arthur, esq. of
Clapham, in the county of Somerset.

Lord Berkeley wedded thirdly, Joan, daugh-
ter of John Talbot, first Earl of Shrewsbury,
(which lady m. after his decease, Edmund
Hungerford, esq.) but had no other children.
He d. in 1463. The fourth son,

Thomas Berkeley, who was seated at
Dursley, in the county of Gloucester, m.
Mary, daughter of Richard Guy, esq. of
Minsterworth, in the same shire, and dying
in 1484, was s. by his son,

Richard Berkeley, esq. of Dursley,
(named in the will of his uncle, the Mar-
quess of Berkeley) who m. Margaret Dyer,
and was father of

William Berkeley, esq. mayor of Here-
ford, and M.P. for that city in 1647. He
m. Elizabeth, daughter of William Bung-
hill, of Cowarne, and was s. by his son,

Rowland Berkeley, esq. M.P. for the
city of Worcester, who became possessor
of the estates of Cotheridge and Spetchley,
in Worcestershire. He m. Catherine, dau.
of Thomas Hayward, esq. and dying in 1611,
had, with five younger sons and nine daugh-

William, of Cotheridge ; this branch,
now extinct in the male line, is re-
presented through the female by the
Rev. Richard Berkeley, of Cother-
idge, (see that family ) .
Robert (Sir).
The second son,

Sir Robert Berkeley, knt. born in 1584,
inherited from his father the estate of Spetch-
ley, and being bred to the bar, became one

* By Elizabeth, his wife, eldest sister and co-
heiress of Thomas Filzalan, Earl of Arundel.

of the judges of the Court of King's Bench.
" As Sir Robert Berkeley," says Granger,
" lived in an age when the genius of the
government had a strong tendency to despo-
tism, when the prerogative had been exerted
upon almost every emergency, and when the
judges held their places during the pleasure
of the king, he, with eleven of his brethren,
gave his opinion for ship-money ; and, if we
may judge from the tenor of his conduct in
private life as well as on the bench, from
honest motives. For this decision he was im-
peached of high treason, and adjudged to
pay a fine of £20,000, to be deprived of his
office of judge, and rendered incapable of
holding any place, or receiving any honor
in the state or commonwealth : he was more-
over to be imprisoned in the Tower during
the pleasure of the House of Lords." Sir
Robert was afterwards plundered by the
parliament forces ; and a little before the
battle of Worcester, the Scotch Presbyteri-
ans, though engaged in the king's service,
retaining their ancient animosity, burnt his
house at Spetchley. He was thus forced to
convert the stables into a dwelling, and
there he resided with dignity on the wreck
of his fortune.* A splendid monument to

* The following account of Rowland Berkeley
and his son the judge, is transcribed from the
MS. of the elder Habingdon.

" I rank this reverend judge next unto Lords,
because as a judge he weareth often that title,
and in parliament is to assist in the house of ba-
rons, from one of the antientest of which barons,
(viz. the Lord Berkeley) he is descended ; for
James Lord Berkeley had by the Lady Isabell, one
of the two co-heirs of Thomas Mowbray, duke of
Norfolk, Thomas Berkeley his fourth son, who
had issue Richard Berkeley, his third son (who
sometime lived, and had a small freehold at Durs-
ley, in Gloucestershire) whose fourth son, Wm.
Berkeley, was father of Rowland Berkeley, father
of the judge, which said Rowland being the eighth
son of the said William, though extracted thus
from nobility, yet seemed in the world extenuated
for a while, until by God's blessing, and his own
industry, he became eminent in wealth and dig-
nity. My warrant for this pedigree I receive from
the best authority which England in matters of
honor affordeth.

" Now before I attende the judge to his rising
sunne, I will accompanie his father to his night of
death : whomme if I should commend because he
was my ancient friend, and left me not (where the
worlde forsooke me) in my stormy troubles, and
lastly, not onlv refused to make a prey of my lands,
being offered him, and lying most convenient foi
him, but alsoe instantly warned me to prevent my
ruine, it might be thought that, blinded with af-
fection, I were partial. Passing, therefore, from
my private particulars, to matters more public ;
he was a man of very good witt, which he fur-
nished with learning, initiate in Oxford, but
chiefly gained out of stolen hours, and hardly
spared from his continual business in his vocation,



his memory still remains in Spetchley
church, adorned with shields of the noble
families from which he was descended. He
wedded Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of
Thomas Conyers, esq. of East Barnet, of
the family of Conyers, of Sokeborne, in the
county of Durham, by whom he left at his
decease, in 1656, an only son and successor,
Thomas Berkeley, esq. of Spetchley,
who wedded Anne, daughter of William
Darell, esq. of Scotney, in Sussex (des-
cended from a niece of Archbishop Chiche-

bv which course, joined with experience, and ob-
servations, growing to be of deep judgement, he
attained to be for government such a magistrate,
as that he gained love, respect, and obedience,
which, if the city of Worcester, where he lived
divers years, will not acknowledge, his often ser-
vice for them in parliament (where he shewed
himself their friend, and a good commonwealth's
man) will testifye for him. Neither was he con-
fined within the circle of this cittie, but being in
commission for the county, was an uncorrupt and
sedulous justice. I omit his worldly blessings
being abundant, and fairly ceasing by his death,
in a good old age, at his owne mansion at Spetch-
ley, where his sonne, the judge, hath erected a mo-
nument for him, and his mother, to whose funeral
having offered these ensignes, I will distribute
them to his children, and chiefly to the judge, who
though not the eldest yet the greatest, and inhe-
riting, with the rest, his father's wisdom, hath
surmounted him in learning, which hath beauti-
fied with oratory, and strengthened with argu-
ments his possession of the law, whereto, as also
to civill government his genius was so inclinable
as that after he had been many years achieffpilott in
stearing the helm of our countie, as one of
justices of the peace there, and which is rarely
precedented among others of his profession, car-
ried the staff of authority as sheriff. His majesty,
King Charles, advanced him first to his service in
place of one of the king's serjeants-at-law ; and
then as a justice of his royal bench, to determine
of the lives, lands, and goods of his subjects. —
Thus is he raised from a ship of our shire to be a
ruler in the great argosey of England, where al-
though his case is general, yet hath he still a par-
ticular love to his native county. Now here you
see him ascending to the noon-tide of fortune ;
let niv withered age never behold his declining,
but when his sunne must by revolution of time, be
set, I hope that leaving behind him an oder of
good fame, he will in the end obtain a day of eter-
nal light."

ley, founder of All Soul's College, Oxford).
Their son,

Thomas Berkeley, esq. espoused Eliza-
beth, daughter and sole heir of William
Holyoke, esq. of Morton Basset, in the
county of Warwick. He died in 1719, and
was s. by his son,

Thomas Berkeley, esq. who m. Mary,
daughter and heiress of — Davis, esq. of
Clytha, in the county of Monmouth, and
dying in France, left two sons, viz.
Robert, his heir.

John, who m. first Catherine, daughter
of Charles Bodenham, esq. of Roth-
erwas, in the county of Hereford,
and had an only son,

Robert, successor to his uncle,
present proprietor.
He wedded, secondly, Jane, daughter
and co-heir of Sir William Compton,
bart. of Henlip, in the county of
Worcester, and of Hartbury , in Glou-
cestershire, by whom he had two
daughters, viz.

Catherine, m. to Robert C anning ,
esq. of Foxcote, in the county Of
Warwick, and d. in 1823.
Jane, in. to Thomas- Anthony, pre-
sent Viscount Southwell.
The elder son,

Robert Berkeley, esq. of Spetchley,
wedded, first, Anne, daughter and co-he"ir
of — Wyburn, esq. of Flixton, in the county
of Norfolk ; secondly, Catharine, daughter
of Thomas Fitzherbert, esq. of Swinnerton,
in Staffordshire ; and thirdly, Elizabeth,
daughter of Peter Parry, esq. of Twysog,
in Denbighshire. Mr. Berkeley d. without
issue, in 1804, and was s. by his nephew,
the present Robert Berkeley, esq. of

Arms — Gules, a chev. arg. between ten
crosses patee of the second.

Crest — A bear's head, couped arg. muz-
zled gu.

Motto — Dieu avec nous.
This family is entitled by descent to quar-
ter the arms of many illustrious houses,
including those of Plantagenet, Moubray,
Brewes, Segrave, Fitzalan, Albini, War-
ren, &c.

Estates — In Worcestershire and War-

Seat— Spetchley, Worcestershire.



COLLINGWOOD, EDWARD, esq. of Dissington Hall, in the county of Northum-
berland, b. 30th October, 1791, m. 9th September, 1820,
Arabella, daughter of General John Calcraft, and has

Edward b. 22nd July, 1823.
Cecil, b. 29th March, 1825.

This gentleman, who is second surviving son of the late
Walter Spencer-Stanhope, esq. of Cannon Hall, (see
that family,) assumed by letters-patent, in compliance with
the testamentary injunction of his great-uncle, Edward
Collingwood, esq. the surname and arms of Colling-
wood only.


The ancient Northumbrian family of Col-
lingwood was seated at Esslington, in that
county in the early part of the reign of
Henry VIII.

Sir John Collingwood, knt. high sheriff
of Northumberland in 1544, was father of

Sir Robert Collingwood, knt. high
sheriff in 1551, who wedded four wives, and
by the third, a daughter of Heron, of Ford
Castle, had a son,

John Collingwood, esq. of Esslington,
who espoused Ursula, daughter and heiress
of William Burkton, of Burkton, and was
s. by his son,

Sir Cuthbert Collingwood, knt. of Es-
slington, a border chief of much renown,
who, together with the Lord Warden and
other knights and nobles, was taken prisoner
by the Scots, and is thus celebrated by a
Scottish minstrel,

But if ye wald a souldier search

Among them a' were ta'en that night,

What name sae wordie, to put in verse,
As Collingwood, that courteous knight.

Sir Cuthbert Collingwood wedded Dorothy,
daughter of Sir George Bowes, of Streat-
lam, (see page 183J and had, with other

Thomas, of Esslington, eldest son, great
grandfather of

George Collingwood, esq. of
Esslington, who was attainted

and executed in 1715, for join-
ing the Earl of Derwentwater,
in his rebellion ; with him ex-
pired the elder branch of the
Cuthbert, third son, of whom pre-
This third son,

Cuthbert Collingwood, esq. espoused
Ursula, daughter of Thomas Frister, esq
and had a son and heir,

Ralph Collingwood, esq. of Ditchburne.
This gentleman, arraying himself under the
royal banner, during the civil wars, lost
large estates in Durham, by confiscation.

He m. Dorothy , niece (ex sorore) of

the Rev. and Right Hon. Anthony Grey,
earl of Kent, by whom he had two sons,

i. Cuthbert, of Ditchburne, b. in 1628,

who died in 1687, and was s. by his


Cuthbert Collingwood, esq. of

North Dissington, in the county

of Northumberland,who m. Ann",

daughter of Robert Wilkie, esq.

of Ladythorne, and was father


Cuthbert Collingwood, esq.
of Newcastle-upon-Tyne,
who wedded Milcah, daugh-
ter and co-heiress of Regi-



nald Dobson, esq. of Bar-
wess, in Westmoreland, and
dying 15th February, 1775,
left a son,


a naval officer of the
highest reputation, im-
mortalized as second in
command at the glori-
ous battle of Trafalgar,
for which distinguished
service he was raised, in
1805, to the peerage as
Baron Collingwood,*
ofColdburne. His lord-
ship espoused Sarah,
eldest daughter of John
Erasmus Blackett, esq.
of Newcastle , and dying
in 1810, left two daugh-
Sarah, m. to G. L.
wood, esq. F.R.S.
Mary-Patience, m.
to Anthony Den-
ny, esq.
ii. Edward, of whom we are about to
The second son,

Edward Collingwood, esq. of Byker
and Dissington, in the county of Northum-
berland, was high sheriff of that shire in
1647. He died in 1701, leaving by his
wife, Anne, a son and heir,

Edward Collingwood, esq. of Byker
and Dissington, who wedded Mary, daugh-
ter of William Bigge, esq. and was s. at his
decease in 1721, by his son,

* The Correspondence and Life of this great and
gallant seaman, edited by his son-in-law, G. L.
Newnham Collingwood, esq. has been recently
published, and is one of the most valuable and in-
teresting pieces of modern biography.

Edward Collingwood, esq. of Byker
and Dissington, sheriff for Northumberland,
who espoused Mary, daughter and co-heiresa
of John Roddam, esq. of Roddam and Chir-
ton, and had issue,
Edward, his heir.
John, d. s. p. 1792.

William, who died unmarried in 1740.
Winifred, who wedded Thomas Ba-
bington Pulleine, esq. of Carlton
Hall, in the county of York, and
dying in 1780, left an only surviving

Mary-Winifred, who m. Walter
Spencer Stanhope, esq. of Can-
non Hall and Horseforth, in the
county of York, by whom (who
died in 1821) she has a nume-
rous family, the second surviving
son of which,

Edward Spencer-Stanhope,
inherited Dissington, upon
the decease of his great
uncle, and having assumed
the surname and arms of
Collingwood, is the present
Edward Collingwood, esq.
of Dissington.

Mr. Collingwood died in 1783, and was s.
by his son,

Edward Collingwood, esq. of Dissing-
ton and Chirton, who dying unmarried in
1806, bequeathed his estates at Dissington
and Shipley, to his great-nephew, Edward
Spencer Stanhope, who assumed, as stated
above, the surname of Collingwood, and is
the present proprietor.

Arms — Argent, a chevron sa. between
three stags' heads erased, of the second.
Crest — A stag at gaze, in a holly bush,

PP r -

Motto — Nil conscire sibi.

Estates — In Northumberland.

Seat — Dissington Hall, ten miles N.W.

of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.



TEMPEST, CHARLES-ROBERT, esq. of Broughton Hall, in the county of
Yprk, and of Coleby Hall, in Lincolnshire, b. 21st April, 1794, succeeded to the estates
upon the demise of his father, in November, 1824.


Waddington, who married Mary, daughter
of Sir Hugh Clitheroe, knight, and had

John, (Sir), his heir,
Richard (Sir), of Studley, whose son,
Sir William Tempest, knt. of Stud-
ley, espousing Eleanor, daughter and
sole heiress of Sir William Washing-
ton, knt., was ancestor of the Tem-
pests of Holmside, Stella, Stanley*
Studley and Wynyard. See Sur-
tee's History of Durham.
This Thomas Tempest was one of the con-
federacy under Thomas Plantagenet, Earl
of Lancaster, that subverted the power of
the favorite, Gaveston, temp. Edward II.
His elder son and heir,

Sir John Tempest, of Bracewell, was
living in the 23d Edward III. He m.
Mary, daughter of Sir Robert Holand, knt.
and sister of Thomas Holand, Earl of Kent,
(the husband of Joan Plantagenet, the fair
Maid of Kent,) and had, with a daughter
Margaret, m. to Sir James Radcliffe, knt.
ancestor of the Earls of Sussex of that name,
a son and successor,

Sir Richard Tempest, knt. of Bracewell,
living in the reign of Richard II. who m.
Isabel, daughter and heiress of Sir John
Levgard, knt. and widow of John Graas,
of Gremelyne, and had issue,

Piers, (Sir,) knt. who succeeded at
Bracewell. This gentleman accom-
panied King Henry V. into France,
and shared in the glories of Agin-
court. He m. the daughter and co-
heir of Sir Nicholas Hebden, knt.
and was ancestor of the Tempests of
Bracewell and Tong, which families
are both now extinct in the male line,
but that of Tong is represented,
through females, by the present Co-
lonel Plumbe -Tempest, of Tong.
(See family of Tempest of Tong,
page 288).
The second son,

Roger Tempest, espoused Katherine,
daughter and heiress of Sir Piers Gilliot,
Lord of Broughton Burnsall and Thorpe,

Roger Tempest, living in the reign of
Henry I. was witness to several charters
cited in the Monasticon. In 1135 he had
three carucates and two oxgangs of land of
the Shipton Fee. He was succeeded by his

Richard Tempest, whose name is pre-
fixed to the charter of Silsdon Mill, in the
18th of King Stephen. He was*, by his

Roger Tempest, who paid half a mark
into the treasury temp. Henry II. This
Roger was father of

Richard Tempest, Lord of Bracewell,
in the county of York, living in the reign
of Henry III. who gave the advowson of
Bracewell to the monks of Kirkstall. His

John Tempest, of Bracewell, was s. by
his son,

Sir Roger Tempest, knt. of Bracewell,
who wedded temp. Edward I. Alice, dau.
and heiress of Walter de Waddington,
Lord of Waddington, and left, by her, a
son and heir,

Richard Tempest, of Bracewell, who,
when in ward paid twelve shillings for four
carucates of land in Bracewell, who died in
1305, leaving, (with a younger son, Rich-
ard, Governor of Berwick-upon-Tweed,) his

John Tempest, Lord of Bracewell and



and thus acquired these estates. He was
high sheriff of Yorkshire in 1434, and was
s, at his decease by his son,

William Tempest, esq. of Broughton,
who m. first, (15 Henry VI.) Joan, daughter
of James Metcalfe, esq. of Nappay, and
secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Richard
Catherall, esq. of Catherall, in the county
of Lancaster, which latter lady wedded after
her first husband's decease, Nicholas, second
son of JohnTownley, of Townley. William
Tempest was s. by his son,

John Tempest, esq. of Broughton, who
married and had issue,
Roger, his heir.

Edward, who wedded Agnes, daughter
of — Yellison, of Yellison, and from
this marriage sprung the Tempests
of Yellison, long since Extinct. The
property has for several years, form-
ed part of the Broughton estate. See
Whitaker's Craven.
Elizabeth, to. to John Dineley, of Swil-

Online LibraryJohn BurkeA genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) → online text (page 73 of 112)