John Burke.

A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (Volume 1) online

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a deputy lieutenant for Lincolnshire, succeeded his father
in November, 1795.



This family was founded in England by
the celebrated divine,

Doctor Peter Allix, of Alencon, in
Normandy, who was at the head of the Pro-
testant church in France, and on the revo-
cation of the edict of Nants, refusing to con-
form, although tendered a bishopric, and
even an archbishopric, was banished the
kingdom. It is stated that after he had
departed from Paris the Government issued
a lettre de cachet, and dispatched a messen-
ger to bring back the refractory churchman
to the Bastile, and that he had only just
embarked at Calais when the messenger
arrived there. He reached England, how-
ever, in safety, and was complimented with
the degree of Doctor of Divinity by both
the Universities. The Doctor applied him-
self immediately to the study of the English
language, and soon attained therein an ex-
traordinary degree of perfection. In 1690,
he was appointed treasurer of the church
of Salisbury, and he produced works of so
much utility, that he acquired within a very
short time as high a reputation here, as he
had previously enjoyed in his native coun-
try. He was consulted by the most eminent
scholars on the most abstruse subjects, and
his genius was acknowledged by those whom
the world esteemed not only the ablest but
the most impartial judges. His sermons
mark the orator — his works the scholar — and
his entire life, zeal for the Protestant reli-
gion. This eminent divine espoused Made-
moiselle Grand, of Berne, in Switzerland,

and dying in 1717, left (with a younger son,
William, who died unmarried) his successor,

The Very Rev. Peter Allix, rector of
Shudy Camps, in Cambridgeshire, and Dean
of Ely, who married Miss Elizabeth Wager,
niece and co-heir of Admiral Sir Charles
Wager, first lord of the Admiralty, temp.
King George I. and was *. by his son,

Charles Allix, esq. of Swaffham, in the
county of Cambridge, who m. Miss Greene,
daughter of the Right Rev. Doctor Greene,
bishop of Ely, and had issue — Charles
Wager, his heir, John Peter, and Jane, who
died in 1794. He was s. by his eldest son,

The Rev. Charles-Wager Allix, of
Willoughby Hall. This gentleman es-
poused Catherine, second daughter of Rich-
ard Townley, esq. of Belfield, in the county
of Lancaster, and had issue,
Charles, his heir.
Richard- Wager .
Catherine- Anne.

Margaret-Elizabeth, m. to the Rev.
George Yate, rector of Wrockwar-
dine, in the county of Salop.
Mr. Allix d. in November, 1795, and was s.
by his elder son, the present Charles Al-
lix, esq. of Willoughby Hall.

Arms — A wolf's head erased ; in the dex-
ter chief point a mullet.

Crest — A wolf's head erased.

Estates — At Willoughby and Marsh
Chapel, in Lincolnshire, which property was
purchased in 1712.

Seat — Willoughby Hall, near Grantham.



CLUDDE, EDWARD, esq. of Orleton, in the county of Salop, m. 6th May,
1828, Catherine- Harriett, only daughter of Lieutenant-general Sir William Cockburn,
bart. of Cockburn and Ryslaw, and has issue,


Mr. Cludde succeeded his father in 1829, and is a magistrate and deputy lieutenant
for the county of Salop.


the estate, to avoid the necessity of taking
the oaths to government, to which, after the
revolution, he had an invincible repugnance.
The colonel fell at the battle of Landen, in
1693, leaving, by his wife, Beatrice, daugh-
ter of Wrottesley Prince, esq. and relict of
Robert Bretton, esq. a son and successor,

William Cludde, esq. of Orleton, then
in infancy. This gentleman, who enjoyed
the estates for seventy-two years, and was
a magistrate for forty, served the office of
sheriff of Salop in 1723. He m. Martha,
daughter and heiress of Peter Langley, esq.
of Burcot, by whom he left, with two daugh-
ters, an only surviving son,

Edward Cludde, esq. of Orleton, who d.
unmarried, and was s. by his nephew,

William Pemberton, esq. of Wrock-
wardine, (eldest son of Edward Pemberton,
esq. of Wrockwardine, by his wife, Martha
Cludde, sister of the last proprietor of Or-
leton). This gentleman, Lieut. Col. of the
South Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry, as-
sumed, upon inheriting, by act of parliament,
in compliance with the testamentary injunc-
tion of his uncle, Edward, the surname and
arms of Cludde only. He m. in 1781, Anna
Maria, daughter of Edward Jeffreys, esq. of
Shrewsbury, and had issue,
Edward, his heir.
William, a captain of Dragoons, who

d. in 1809.

Harriett, m. in 1807, to William Lacon
Childe, esq. of Kinlet Park, in the
county of Salop.
Col. Cludde, who united in his person the
representation of the very ancient families of
Cludde, Orleton, and Pemberton, was sheriff
of Shropshire in 1814. He d. 25th August,
1829, and was s. by his only surviving son,
the present Edward Cludde, esq. of Orle-
ton and Wrockwardine. " In whatever ca-
pacity," says a writer in the Gentleman's
Magazine, " Mr. Cludde acted, whether civil
or military, or as a private gentleman, he
evinced a firmness and persuasiveness, which
commanded and obtained esteem."

The Cluddes, orCLUYDDES claim Saxon
origin, and at a very remote period possessed
property in Shropshire. In the reign of
Henry I. they were seated on the lands
of Cluddeley, and in the third year of Ed-
ward III. they acquired, in marriage with
the heiress of Orleton, that estate, which
has ever since remained their principal re-

William Cludde, esq. of Orleton, was
ancestor in the fourth degree of

Edward Cludde, esq. of Orleton, who
wedded Anne, co-heiress of William Beyst,
esq. and had two sons, Thomas and Edward,
by the elder of whom,

Thomas Cludde, esq. of Orleton, he was
succeeded. This gentleman wedded, in
1591, the only child and heiress of John
Coston, esq. of Coston, by whom he left an
only daughter

Beatrice, heiress of Coston, who es-
poused Coningsby Freeman, esq. of
Neen Solers.
Mr. Cludde, who is said to have served with
reputation in Ireland, and to have been
offered the honor of knighthood, was s. at
Orleton, by his brother,

Colonel Charles Cludde, of the guards,

to whom his elder brother, Edward, who

was admitted of Grays Inn in 1664, and died

in October, 1721, made over his interest in




Arms — Ermine, a fret sa. quartering the
ensigns of Orleton.

Crest — An eagle with wings expanded
ppr. preying on a coney arg.

Estates — Orleton, Wrockwardine, Bur-

cot, Cluddley, &c, in Shropshire ; and
Stringwern, in the county of Montgomery.
Seats — Orleton and Wrockwardine, both
in Shropshire.


GURNEY, HUDSON, esq. of Keswick, in the county of Norfolk, fellow of the
Royal Society, and vice-president of the Antiquarian Society, b. 19th January, 1775,
m. in 1809, Margaret, daughter of the late Robert Barday, esq. of Wry, Kincar-
dineshire, M.P. for that county, by Sarah, daughter of James Allardice, of Allardice,
and heiress of Wie to the Earls of Airth and Menteith. Mr. Gurney was elected
member of parliament for Shaftesbury, in 1812, and for Newtown, Hants, in 1816,
and in six successive parliaments.


retain these Norman fiefs until the reign
of John, when they were seized upon by
Philip-Augustus ; and another Hugh de
Gournay then in possession, retired into
England, and died in 1223, leaving a son,
Hugh, whose only daughter, Julia de
Gournay, espoused William, Lord Bar-
dolph, of Wirmegay, in Norfolk ; and thus
the elder male line of the Norman Gournays
became extinct, f

Two younger branches of the family
continued, however, to exist after this pe-
riod. The one which was the most distin-
guished was seated at Barew-Gurney and
Inglishcombe, in Somersetshire, as early as
the survey, and retaining the name oi
Gournay, through two female descents,
added to their territory the estates of the
Harpetrees and other considerable families,
and became powerful feudal barons in the
West of England. The most generally
known of this family of the Gournays were
Sir Thomas de Gournay, one of the mur-
derers of Edward II. and his son, Sir Mat-
thew de Gournay, frequently mentioned by
Froissart, who died in 1406, at the advanced
age of ninety-six, after having assisted at
all the great battles of Edward III. and
the Black Prince. This gallant veteran
appears to have been the last male of the
Somersetshire Gurneys.J:

The other younger branch of the Norman
Gourneys held certain manors in Norfolk,
as mesne lords under the Barons of Gour-

The name of Gurney or Gournay is de-
rived from the town of Gournay in Nor-
mandy. Hugh de Gournay, Lord of
Gournay and the adjacent territory of Le
Brai, was one of the Norman Barons who
commanded at the Battle of Mortimer
against the French in 1054. He came over
to England with Duke William, and was
present at the Battle of Hastings. Hugh,
his son, held manors in Essex at the survey,
and Gerard de Gournay, son of the latter,
married Editha, daughter of William de
Warren, first Earl of Warren, by Gun-
dred,* daughter of the Conqueror, and
possessed great estates in Norfolk. These
Norman Barons of Gournay deduced their
lineage from Eudes, a follower of Rollo,
to whom that chieftain assigned the fortress
of Gournay, when he divided Neustria
among his dependants ; they continued to

• Burke's Extinct and Dormant Peerage.

t The arms of this family are said to have been
of pure sable ; but paly of six or and azure has
been attributed to them, apparently without suf-
ficient authority.

X This branch bore for arms, paly of six or and


nay, the capital tenants, by whom they
were subenfeoffed. Of this line was

Sir William de Gournay, knt. lord of
the manor of Runhall, in Norfolk, temp.
Henry II. and of Swathings in Hardingham
and Hingham, whose son,

Matthew de Gournay, obtained from
Hameline Plantagenet, Earl of Warren,
that nobleman's kinswoman, Rose de Burn-
ham or de Warren, in marriage, and with
her the manor of Harpley came to the
Norfolk Gurneys. The grandson of this

Sir John de Gurney, was in arms
against Henry III. at the Battles of Lewes
and Evesham, but having received a pardon,
attended Prince Edward (Edward I.) in
1270 to the Holy Land. This Sir John de
Gurney bore for arms, " argent a cross en-
grailed gules ;" a coat borne by his des-
cendants ever since : from him sprang

Edmund Gurney, living in the reigns of
Edward III. and Richard II. a lawyer of
eminence, who held the situation of stand-
ing counsel or recorder, as it would now be
called, of the city of Norwich. He wedded
the heiress of the De Wauncys, of West
Barsham, in Norfolk, at which place the
Gurneys were subsequently seated. His

Sir John Gurney, was sheriff of Norfolk
and Suffolk, fn the 1st of Henry IV. and
was one of the knights of the shire for the
former county in the parliament held at
Coventry, anno 1404. He had no children,
and was therefore succeeded by his nephew,
whose grandson, William Gurney, is fre-
quently mentioned in the Paston Letters.
Their descendant,

Anthony Gurney, lived in the reign of
Henry VIII. He m. Margaret, daughter
of Sir Robert Lovel, and one of the co-heirs
of the Lords Mortimer, of Attleborough.
The family continued at Great Ellingham
and West Barsham until the year 1661,
when it became extinct in the elder male
line, and the estates devolved to co-heir-
esses. From a younger branch of the West
Barsham line descended

John Gourney or Gurney, of Norwich,
merchant, b. in 1655, who embraced the
tenets of the Quakers. This gentleman
died in 1721, leaving, with two younger sons,
John, whose descendants in the male
line became extinct, on the death
of Bartlett Gurney, esq. of Coltishall,
in Norfolk, in 1802.
Joseph, of whose line we are about to
The second son,

Joseph Gurney, esq. was of Keswick, in
the county of Norfolk. He wedded Hannah
Middleton, of the family of Silkworth and
Belsay, in Northumberland, and was s. at
his decease by his eldest son,

John Gurney, esq. of Keswick, who es-
poused Elizabeth Kett, (lineally descended
from the Norfolk rebel, temp. Edward VI.)
and had issue,

i. Richard, his heir.
ii. John, of Earlham, near Norwich,
who m. Catherine, daughter of Daniel
Bell, merchant, in London, and left
at his demise in 1809, with seven
daughters, four sons, viz.

1. John, who m. his cousin, Eliza-
beth, daughter of Richard Gur-
ney, esq. and d. in 1814, s. p.

2. Samuel, of London, who married
Elizabeth, daughter of James
Sheppard, esq. of Upton, in Es-
sex, and has issue.

3. Joseph-John, of Earlham, who
m. first, Jane, daughter of John
Birkbeck, esq. of Lynn, by whom
he has two children, and se-
condly, Mary, dau. of Robert
Fowler, esq.

4. Daniel, of North Runcton, in
Norfolk, who m. the Lady Har-
riet-Jemima Hay, daughter of
William, fifteenth Earl of Errol,
by Alicia Eliot, his second wife,
and has issue.

in. Joseph, of Lakenham Grove, near
Norwich, who wedded Jane, daughter
of Abel Chapman, esq. and died in
1830, leaving daughters only.
iv. Rachel, m. to Robert Barclay, esq.
of Bury Hill, Surrey.
Mr. Gurney died in 1770, and was s. by his
eldest son,

Richard Gurney, esq. of Keswick. This
gentleman espoused, first, Agatha, daughter
and heiress of David Barclay, esq. of
Youngsbury, in Herts, by whom he had

Hudson, his heir.

Agatha, in. to Sampson Hanbury, esq.
of Poles, in Herts.
He m. secondly, Rachel, daughter of Osgood
Hanbury, esq. of Oldfield Grange, in Essex,
and had other issue,

Richard-Hanbury, M.P. for the city
of Norwich, in 1818, and in several
successive parliaments.
Elizabeth, m. to her cousin, John Gur-
ney, esq. jun. of Earlham.
Mr. Gurney died in 1811, and was s. by his
elder son, the present Hudson Gurney,
esq. of Keswick.

Arms — Argent a cross engrailed gu.

Crests — First, on a chapeau gu. turned up
ermine, a fish in pale, with its head down-
wards ; second, a wrestling collar or.

Estates — In Norfolk.

Town Residence — St. James's Square.

Seat — Keswick, near Norwich.



BRISE-RUGGLES, JOHN, esq. of Spains Hall, in Essex, and of Clare, in the

county of Suffolk, b. 11th July, 1782, m. in January,
1824, Catherine, daughter of John-Haines Harrison, esq.
of Copford Hall, near Colchester, by whom he has sur-
viving: issue.

VsM 3 /

Samuel-Brise, b. 29th December, 1825.



This gentleman, who succeeded to the Spains Hall estate
at the decease of his mother, in 1822, inheriting like-
wise, in 1827, on the demise of Samuel Brise, esq. of
Clare, in Suffolk, the possessions of his grandmother's
family, assumed the additional surname and arms of
Brise, and was appointed, in 1829, high-sheriff of the
county of Suffolk. Mr. Ruggles-Brise is a barrister of
the Inner Temple, and a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant
for the counties of Suffolk and Essex.


Fourth or fifth in descent from

Thomas Rogyll, Ruggle, or Ruggles,*
the name appearing variously spelt at dif-
ferent periods, of Sudbury, in the county of
Suffolk, whose will was proved, 21st June,
1547, sprang

John Ruggle, or Ruggles, who appears
to have been the first of the family that
settled at Bocking, in Essex, and died in
June, 1702, leaving issue, by Mary Swift,
his wife, five sons and daughters, whereof

* William Ruggle, brother of this Thomas,
was grandfather of

Thomas Ruggle, a substantial clothier of
Lavenham, in Suffolk, who wedded Mar-
garet Wheatlocke, and had, with other
issue, a son,

George Ruggle, born at Lavenham,
13th November, 1575. This dis-
tinguished scholar, who was a master
of arts of Clare Hall, in the Univer-
sity of Cambridge, and subsequently
a fellow of the same college, was author
of the Latin comedy of Ignoramus,
and, as is supposed, of several other
literary productions. By his will,
which was proved 13th November,
1622, he devised his library and a sum
of money to his college.

Mary, b. in 1667, m. Samuel Cracken-

Sarah, b. in 1687, m. William Rankin,
of Saffron Walden.

Thomas Ruggles, of Bocking, became
an opulent manufacturer and clothier, and
purchased in 1721, Wakes Hall, in Bel-
champ, with other estates. He wedded
twice ; by his first wife, Rose, lie had, with
other issue,

1. John, who m. Amy, daughter of Mr.
Thomas Fuller, of Saffron Walden,
and d. s. p. in 1746.

2. Thomas, of whom presently.

3. Samuel, b. 12th March, 1718, who
acquired by purchase in 1760, from
the family of Sir Thomas Dyer, bart.
the mansion and lands of Spains
Hall, in Essex. Mr. Ruggles, (who
was likewise possessed of other es-
tates) left, by his wife, Miss Sarah
English, of Bocking, an only sur-
viving child,

John Ruggles, esq. of Spains
Hall, at whose decease unmar-
ried in 1776, aged twenty-six,
his estates devolved upon his
cousin, Thomas Ruggles, esq.
of Clare.



Thomas Ruggles, of Booking, by his second
wife, Ann, daughter of Jonathan Eddows,
citizen of London, had an only daughter,
Ann, who m. Mr. Walford, of Bocking,
whose grandson the Rev. William
Walford, now resides at Hatfield
Peverel, in the county of Essex.
Mr. Ruggles died in 1743-4, at the age of
sixty-four, and lies interred under a lofty
monument in Bocking church-yard. His
second son,

Thomas Ruggles, *esq. espoused, in 1736,.
Ann, eldest daughter of Joshua Brise, esq.
of Clare, merchant in London, by whom
(who died in 1748) he left an only surviving
son, Thomas, his heir ; Mr. Ruggles dying
in 1758, was buried with the family of his
wife, in the chancel of the church at Clare,
and s. by his son,

Thomas Ruggles, esq. of Clare, who in-
herited, in 1776, upon the demise of his
cousin, John, the estate of Spains Hall, in
Essex. This gentleman, who was a barris-
ter and bencher of the honorable society of
the Inner Temple, and an active magistrate
and deputy lieutenant for the counties of
Suffolk and Essex, wedded Miss Freeland,
of Cobham, in the county of Surrey, and
had issue,

John, his heir.

Samuel-Ruggles, of Clare Hall, in the

University of Cambridge, A.B. who

died at Bristol Hotwells, in February,

1804, aged twenty-four.

Shadrach-George, who died in 1804,

aged fifteen.

Ann, who died 18th February, 1812.
Jane, m. to John Walford, esq.
Frances-Brise, in. to the Rev. Charles
Fisher, rector of Ovington-cum-
Sophia-Lydia, m. to the Rev. Henry
Freeland, rector of Hasketon, in
Suffolk, and died loth February,
1827, s. p.
Mr. Ruggles was author of a work entitled,
a History of the Poor, of The Barrister,
and other publications. He died in No-
vember, 1813, and was s. by his son, the
present John Ruggles - Brise, esq. of
Spains Hall, and of Clare.


The Brises, whose estates on failure of
the male line in 1827, devolved upon the
descendant of the marriage of Thomas Rug-
gles, esq. and Ann Brise, were, for several
generations resident in Surrey, being pos-
sessed of independent property in the neigh-
bourhood of Moulsey, Kingston, and Cob-
ham. In the ecclesiastical commission to
enquire into the conduct of the clergy, ap-

pointed by a committee of the lords and
commons, 16th February, 1647, for the
judging of scandal, will be found recorded
in the Kingston Classis, the name of Brise,
of Ewel and Moulsey,* this family being at
that period, and subsequently much con-
nected with the party not in accordance with
the church establishment and discipline.

Shadrach Brise, esq. who wedded Ann,
eldest daughter and co-heir of Gabriel May-
nard, esq. of Roxeth, Harrow on the Hill,
had, with two daughters, a son,

Shadrach Brise, esq. who purchased in
1671, Cavendish Place, in Suffolk, whither
he removed his family in 1679. He
espoused Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev.
Thomas Pakeman, minister of Harrow-on-
the-Hill, and dying in 1699, left, with se-
veral other children, a son,

Joshua Brise, esq. born in 1675. This
gentleman, after passing many years in
mercantile business in London, retired to
Clare, in Suffolk, and purchased, in that
neighbourhood, various estates. He m. Miss
Elizabeth Small, and had inter alios,
Shadrach, his heir, b. in 1724.
Samuel, successor to his brother.
Ann, m. in 1736, Thomas Ruggles, esq.
and, dying in 1748, left an only sur-
viving son,

Thomas Ruggles, esq. of Spains
Hall, father of
John Ruggles -Brise, esq.
who inherited the Clare
estates in Suffolk, &c. upon
the demise, in 1827, of his
great uncle, Samuel Brise,.
esq. of Clare, and is the
present possessor.
Elizabeth, in. Mr. Edward Coldham, of
Bury St. Edmunds.
Mr. Brise died in 1749, in his seventy-fifth
year, and was succeeded by his eldest son,.
Shadrach Brise, esq. of Clare, for many
years an active justice of the peace, who
was appointed in 1762 high sheriff for the
county of Suffolk. He wedded Elizabeth,
daughter of John Cator, esq. but dying s. p.
in 1783, he entailed, by will, his estates in
Suffolk, on his only surviving brother for
life, and after his decease, on his nephew r ,
Thomas Ruggles, esq. and then on his
eldest son, the present proprietor. Shadrach
Brise was s. by his brother,

Samuel Brise, esq. of Clare, in Suffolk,
and of Pentlow Hall, in Essex ; which
latter estate he devised to his niece, Mrs.
Mathew, daughter of Mrs. Coldham, and
after her decease, to her son, the Rev. Ed-
ward William Mathew, of Bury St. Ed-

* Manning and Bray s Surrey, vol. iii. 682„



munds. Mr. Brise died at Clare, in 1827, '
aged ninety-five, and was s. by his great
nephew, the present John Ruggles-Brise,
esq. of Clare and Spains Hall.

Arms — Quarterly; 1st and 4th, arg. a
chevron between three roses gn. for Rug-
gles ; 2nd and 3rd, lozengy, gu. and arg.
within a bordure sa. fleury of eight qua-
terfoils ; a cross of the second for Brise.

Crest — A tower, or castle, or, transfixed
with four darts in saltire and enflamed ppr.
for Ruggles.

Motto — Struggle.

Estates— The estate of Spains Hall, in
the parish of Finchingfield, Essex, pur-
chased, in 1760, of the family of Sir Thomas
Dyer, bart. by Samuel Ruggles, esq. of
Bocking. Also, lands at Clare and Caven-
dish, in Suffolk, derived from the family of

Seats — Spains Hall, Essex, and Clare, in


DUGDALE, DUGDALE-STRATFORD, esq. of Merevale Hall, in the county
of Warwick, b. in 1773, m. in 1799, the Honorable Charlotte Curzon, daughter of
Viscount Curzon, and has an only son,

William-Stratford, who wedded, in 1827, Harriet-Ella, daughter of the late
Eward Berkeley-Portman, esq. of Bryanstone, in the county of Dorset, and has
issue two sons and a daughter. This gentleman is member of parliament for the
county of Warwick.

Mr. Dug-dale succeeded his father in 1806.


John Dugdale, of Sustoke,in the county
of Warwick, son of James Dugdale, by the
daughter of Thomas Woodcocke, of Clithe-
ro, wedded Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Ar-
thur Swynfen, of Dunchurch, in the same
shire (a younger son of William Swynfen,
esq. of Swynfen,) and had issue,

William (Sir) his successor.

Mary, m. to Richard Seawall, of Corley.
He died in 1624, and was s. by his son,
Sir William Dugdale, knt. This cele-

brated antiquary and genealogist, whose li-
terary reputation is so splendid, was born
on the 12th of September, in the year 1605 ;
and at the age of thirty-three obtained a
pursuivant's place in the college of arms
through the interest of Sir Henry Spelman,
and other influential persons of congenial
feelings. At the breaking out of the civil
war being summoned to attend the king, he
assisted at the battle of Edge Hill, and sub-
sequently proceeding to Oxford with his
royal master, received the degree of Master
of Arts from the University. In 1644, he
was appointed Chester Herald, and he con-
tinued at Oxford by the express command
of the King, until the surrender of that city
to the parliamentarians in 1646. In the in-
terval Dugdale employed himself in explo-
ring the libraries, and in collecting materials
for his noble history of the Monasteries,
which celebrated work appeared in the years
1655, 1661, and 1673. In 1656, he published
what Gough calls, " the very best of county
histories" — His History of Warwickshire.
The History of St. Paul's Cathedral fol-
lowed. Upon the Restoration, Dugdale
was advanced to the office of Norroy king-
of-arms, and he was constituted Garter
in 1677. He produced, subsequently, many

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