John Cawood.

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from the foundation of the world." The blood of
unnumbered sacrifices long typified His blood, and
the voice of holy prophets long foretold the opening
of " the fountain for sin and uncleanness ;" and, in
the fulness of time, Jesus was slain on the cross, the
fountain of love was opened in His heart, and the
stream of salvation flowed from His side. " This is


He who came by water and blood, even Jesus Christ;
not by water only, but by water and blood." For,

It was not enough that He descended from glory
and slept in a manger ; it was not enough that He
grew up in poverty, and had not a place where to
lay His head ; it was not enough that He was a man
of sorrows and acquainted with grief; it was not
enough that He groaned and wept ; it was not
enough that He was continually persecuted by men,
and continually assaulted by Satan. All this was
not enough. His blood was required His blood
must be shed. And, He was bruised with rods,
crowned with thorns, torn with scourges, spiked to
the cross, pierced to the heart, " and forthwith came
thereout blood and water." From His wounded heart
and through His pierced side flowed, we repeat, the
stream of salvation. " He washed us from our sins in
His own blood !" This is more than a golden sen-
tence; it contains more than all uninspired volumes
in the world ; it contains the sum of the Gospel,
" Salvation by the blood of the Lamb."

" It is the blood which maketh atonement for the
soul ;" " and without shedding of blood," there is for
the soul " no remission :" the " blood of Christ,
therefore, was shed for the remission of sins." (Lev.
xvii. 11 ; Heb. ix. 22; Mark xiv. 24.) For, "in
Him we have redemption through His blood, even
the forgiveness of sins according to the riches of His
grace." (Eph. i. 7; Col. i. 14.) By His blood the
church was ransomed, heaven purchased, redemption
completed. " We were far off, but His blood

B B 2


brought us nigh ;" we were enemies, but His blood
reconciled us to God ; we were altogether polluted,
but His blood cleanses from all sin ; we had lost our
title to heaven, but His blood purchases heaven for
our souls! (Eph. ii. 13; Col. i. 20.) By His own
will He laid down His life for us on the cross ; by
His own power He rose again for our justification ;
and by His own blood He entered the holy place
above, having obtained eternal redemption for us.
(Heb. ix. 12 ; i. 3.) By His blood we are saved
from the power and pollution and penalty of sin ;
by His blood we are saved with an everlasting sal-
vation. " While we were yet sinners, Christ died
for us ; that we, being justified by His blood, might
be saved from wrath through Him." (Rom. v. 9 ; iii.
24.) " For He is a propitiation through faith in
His blood for the remission of sins." (Rom. iii. 25.)
" And if the blood of bulls and of goats with the
ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, is sufficient
for the purifying of the flesh, how much more shall
the blood of Christ suffice to purify the conscience
from dead works to serve the living God ?" (Heb. ix.
13.) For the blood of Christ is " the blood of
sprinkling ;" it is the blood which, being applied to
penitent believers by the Eternal Spirit, sprinkles
their hearts from an evil conscience, and constrains
their souls to universal obedience. (Heb. xii. 24 ;
x. 22.) " Through the sanctification of the Spirit,
and the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus," they
engage in the Christian warfare, and fighting man-
fully " under His banner," they overcome by the


blood of the Lamb. (1 Pet. i. 2; Rev. xii. 11.)
Heaven is a purchased possession, and the price is
the blood of Christ. He purchased the Church with
His own blood ; and, with His own blood, He makes
His Church or people meet for heaven. Having
washed their robes, and made them white in His
blood, they stand in glory before His throne, and
ever sing, " Thou hast redeemed us to God by Thy
blood !" (Acts xx. 28; Rev. vii. 14; v. 9.)

Thus has Jesus made atonement for our transgres-
sions ; He " has washed us from our sins in His own

And, further :

2. He has obtained sanctification for our souls ;
He " has made us kings and priests unto God and
His Father."

The Jews, as a nation, were a type of Christians ;
they were a nation of priests, a priesthood of kings.
Christians, as we learn from the apostle, are also " a
nation of priests, a priesthood of kings, a royal
priesthood." In Christ Jesus, the kingly and priestly
offices were united; and believers in Christ Jesus are
made like Him, they are made kings and priests
unto God. Joshua, the high priest, as we read in
Zechariah, (iii. 1, &c.) clad in filthy garments, stood
before the angel of the Lord ; and, on the right hand
of the angel stood Satan, to accuse and resist him. At
the command of Almighty God, the filthy garments
of the high priest were exchanged for pure robes,
and a fair crown was set on his head. Thus was it
symbolically shown that* his iniquity was passed away,


and his righteousness restored ; or that he was con-
firmed as a king and a priest unto God. Thus also
does Jesus, when we believe in Him, wash away our
iniquity in His own blood, clothe us with His own
righteousness, " and make us kings and priests unto
God and His Father."

(1.) He makes us kings.

The Jewish kings, on their appointment, were
enthroned, crowned, anointed ; they were invested
with singular privileges, charged with special duties,
armed with sovereign powers. Christians are kings.
They are exalted to spiritual dignity, and invested
with heavenly privileges ; they are divinely strength-
ened to control their sinful passions, and to subdue
their spiritual foes. For Christ gives them the vic-
tory over their corrupt nature, " and they crucify
the lusts of the flesh." He gives them the victory
over the world, and they renounce its pomps and
vanities. He gives them the victory over the devil,
and they detect his devices, quench his darts, and
repel his temptations. He gives them the victory
in all earthly trials, so that in tribulation, distress,
persecution, famine, nakedness, peril, and sword,
they are more than conquerors. He gives them the
victory over death, so that when life expires, they
can sing, " O grave ! where is thy victory ?
death ! where is thy sting ?"

Again :

(2.) He makes us priests.

The Jewish priests were washed, enrobed, anoint-
ed, and, thus consecrated to their office, they could


enter the Holy of holies, and offer the appointed
sacrifices. Christians are priests. They are washed
in the blood of Christ ; anointed with His Spirit ;
enrobed in His righteousness. Thus are they always
qualified to enter within the vail, and to bend before
the mercy-seat ; thus are they divinely consecrated
to minister in holy services, and to offer spiritual
sacrifices. They offer their bodies and souls a living
and holy sacrifice to God ; they offer to Him daily
the gratitude of their hearts, the praises of their
lips, and the labours of their lives. They do good
to all men, but especially to the household of faith ;
they relieve the wants of the poor, and they send the
Gospel to the heathen. As priests, they pray for
their families, and for their country ; for the church,
and for the world. " They make supplications and
intercessions for kings" and for rulers ; for all in
authority and for all mankind.

Further :

(3.) He makes us priests and kings unto God and
His Father.

By His blood He has redeemed us to God, and
made us priests and kings for His possession, and
His service, and His glory. As priests, Christians
offer to God their sacrifices of holiness and devotion
and charity, not as meritorious services, but as living
evidences of their faith, acceptable to Him only
through Jesus Christ. For, though the offerer is
defiled, and the offering defective, yet both are ac-
cepted for His sake. As kings, Christians are put in
possession of the kingdom of grace, in which they


reign in holiness to God ; and are made heirs of the
kingdom of glory, in which they will be enthroned
with Christ, and crowned with life. " Be thou faith-
ful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life ;"
for, to him that overcometh, saith Christ, will I give
to sit with Me on my throne, even as I also over-
came, and am sat down with my Father on his

Such, then, is the DIVINE PERSON who has loved
us ; and such are the ETERNAL BENEFITS which He
has obtained for our souls : to Him, therefore, with
every expression of adoration and gratitude ; " to
Him be glory and dominion for ever and ever.

" To Him be glory ;*' the glory of the Godhead
as one with the Father ; and the glory of redemp-
tion, as the Saviour of sinners. " To Him be domi-
nion ;" to Him be universal sovereignty, as King of
all worlds, and everlasting homage as Lord of all
creatures. May His kingdom come, and His glory
fill the world. Amen ! So may it be ! So shall it be !
So let it be, O Lord, for ever and ever !

But, to conclude :

1. Some persons, who call themselves Christians,
deny the Divinity of Jesus Christ our Lord.

But, if He be not divine, how can He wear divine
names, and possess divine attributes, and perform
divine works, and receive divine honours ? If He
be not divine, how can He atone for sin, or sanctify
the church, or obtain the worship of God ? If He
be not divine, how could the apostle ascribe " do-


minion and glory for ever and ever to Him, who
loved us, and washed us from our sins in His own
blood, and made us kings and priests unto God and
His Father?"
Again :

Other persons, who also call themselves Christians,
deny the corruption of human nature, while they talk
of the goodness of their heart, and of the innocency
of their conduct. But, if we are pure in heart, and
innocent in conduct, what is the meaning of our
text ? Does the blood of Christ cleanse the pure,
who need no cleansing ? and atone for the innocent,
who need no atonement ? No, my brethren, we are
not pure and innocent, but corrupt and sinful crea-
tures, exposed in our natural state to everlasting

2. Have you, then, discovered the perishing state of
your souls, and looked to Christ crucified for salvation ?
Have you felt the influence of His love in dying
for your souls, and the virtue of His blood in wash-
ing away your sins ? Has He " made you kings and
priests unto God ?" Has He " washed you and
sanctified you in His own divine name, and by the
Spirit of our God ?" Do you mortify the lusts of the
flesh, and overcome the enemies of your souls ? Do
you offer to His Father the sacrifices of gratitude
and righteousness ? Have you received into your
heart the earnests of grace and the hope of glory ?
Is He, even Jesus, who is gone to prepare a king-
dom for His people, preparing your souls for His
kingdom ?


3. But you, who live in sin, and idolize the world;
you, who forget your God, and neglect your
soul ; you, who resist the Spirit, and deny the
Lord, who bought you with His blood you must be
warned ! You are not washed from wickedness, but
are wallowing in iniquity : you are not kings and
priests unto God, but slaves and factors of Satan ;
not heirs of glory, but of wrath; liable every moment
to die ; and if you die impenitent, or in your present
state, how can you escape, or how can you endure the
wrath of the Lamb ?

4. But ye, who feel your corruption, and weep
for your sins, who confess your guilt, and pray
for pardon, be encouraged to look to Jesus ; for He
loves the prayer of the penitent. You cannot look
to Jesus through a better medium than the tears of
repentance. Nor should you doubt His willingness
to save ; for He died for the ungodly ; nor should
you doubt His power to save ; for His blood cleans-
eth from all sin. Look, then, to Him, and be saved.
Look, then, to Him, who loved you ; and He will
" wash away your sins in His own blood ; and make
you kings and priests unto God and His Father."

Finally :

5. Ye believers in the Lord Jesus Christ, let His
love to your souls take from you all conceit of
goodness and merit ; for He loved you when you
were sinners, and died for you when you were ene-
mies. Let His love constrain you to all holy obedi-
ence and to all brotherly love ; for He died for you
that ye should live to Him, and love one another,


as He loved you. (2 Cor. v. 14.) Let His love
encourage you in every conflict, and comfort you in
every sorrow ; for those whom He loves, He loves
unto the end. He loves them as the Father loves
Him, with an everlasting love. " As the Father hath
loved me," says He, " even so have I loved you."
For He who " loved you, and washed you from your
sins in His own blood," will not forsake you in your
sufferings, nor desert you in your conflicts, nor aban-
don you at death, nor leave you in the grave ; but
will raise you in His likeness from the dust, and
bring you to His glory in heaven.

Ye may be, believers in the Lord Jesus ; ye
may be a hated race and a despised people among
men ; but ye are "a chosen generation, and a royal
priesthood unto God." You cannot too greatly ad-
mire the love of Christ, which was stronger than
death ; nor too highly prize His blood, which cleanses
from all sin ; nor too diligently cherish His Spirit,
who makes you " kings and priests unto God and
His Father." Duly value, and daily improve your
high privileges. Daily confess your sins to your
God and Father ; daily pray for the pardon of
sin through the blood of His Son ; daily ad-
vance in holiness of life through the help of His
Spirit. Thus daily live by faith in Him who loved
you, and gave Himself for you ; and thus be faith-
ful and obedient unto death. Then will you after
death serve God as priests, and reign with God as
kings for ever and ever in heaven.



REV. ii. 17.

To him that overcometh, will I give to eat of the
hidden manna, and will give him a white stone,
and in the stone a new name written, which no
man knoweth, saving he that receiveth it.

THE beloved apostle was commanded to write
seven distinct epistles to the seven churches of Asia.
These epistles, though peculiarly suited to the
churches to which they were first addressed, are
yet meant for all the churches of Christ to the end
of the world. " He that hath an ear let him hear
what the Spirit saith to the churches." Our text is
part of one of these epistles, part of the epistle to
the church at Pergamos. " To him that over-
cometh, will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and
will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new
name written, which no man knoweth, saving he
that receiveth it."


In the text we have a divine Giver, a victorious
receiver, and a mysterious gift.
Let us, then, speak of


The Speaker is the Giver ; and the Giver is the
Lord Jesus Christ. " To him," says Christ, " that
overcometh, will I give." The Giver is the Alpha
and the Omega ; the beginning and the ending ;
the first and the last. He was, and is, and is to
come, the Almighty. He is the beginning of the
creation of God. (iii. 14.) He is the Creator of
all things ; " by Him all things were made." He is
the Preserver of all things ; " by Him all things con-
sist." (John i. 3.) He is the Holy One and the
Just ; the Amen, the Faithful and True Witness ;
the Wisdom and the Word of God. The Spirit of
Jehovah was upon Him to preach good tidings to
the meek. (i. 5 ; iii. 14.) He is the Lamb that
was slain, (ver. 6.) The sacrifice appointed by God
to take away the sin of. the world. His blood
cleanses from all sin ; His blood makes white the
robes of the saints in light; His blood purchases the
kingdom of heaven. " He is the first begotten of the
dead." (i. 5.) " He liveth, though He was dead ;
and behold, He liveth for evermore." He is the
everliving Redeemer, and ever liveth to make inter-
cession. He is the Lamb standing on Mount Zion,
(xiv. 1,) " Head over all things to His church."
His hands holds the seven stars; His feet walk
among the seven golden candlesticks ; His presence


abides " with His church even to the end of the
world." " He is the Lamb in the midst of the
throne." (vii. 17.) " To Him all power in earth
and heaven is given ;" He is " the Prince of the
kings of the earth ; He is the Lord of the angels in
heaven." " He has the keys of hell and of death ;"
(i. 18;) principalities, powers, dominions, thrones, all
creatures and all worlds are put under His feet. On
His head He has many crowns, (xix. 12, 13.) " He
is King of kings, and Lord of lords ;" " His king-
dom is universal and everlasting, (xvii. 14; xix. 16;
Dan. vii.) He shall reign for ever and ever."

Such is the divine Giver ; such is He who in our
text says, " I will give."

Let us next speak of,


" To him that overcometh will I give."

1. Christ is the Captain of salvation ; the Chris-
tian is a soldier of Christ; and the victorious re-
ceiver is the victorious Christian.

But no man can be a soldier in the army of Christ,
and overcome his spiritual foes, until he is born
again of the Spirit. " Whosoever is born of God,
he only overcomes the world." " In our baptism,
therefore, which is a sign of regeneration, (Art. xxvii.,)
we are signed with the sign of the cross, in token
that hereafter we shall not be ashamed to confess the
faith of Christ crucified, and manfully to fight under
His banner against sin, the world, and the devil,
and to continue Christ's faithful soldiers unto our
life's end."


Again :

2. In this warfare the soldier of Christ is clad
in " the armour of God"

This armour " is the armour of righteousness ;"
and because it is as beautiful as it is strong, it is also
" the armour of light." His loins are girt about
with truth ; his heart is covered with the breast-
plate of righteousness ; his feet are shod with the
preparation of the gospel of peace ; and his is head
covered with the helmet of salvation.

The doctrines which the Christian soldier believes,
being derived entirely from the word of truth, are
the sole foundation and support of his soul. These
doctrines, like a girdle, are bound round his heart.
" He is girt about with truth" He practises what
he believes. He omits no known duty; he com-
mits no wilful sin ; he fulfils all righteousness ; he
has confidence towards God. His heart condemns
him not ; " his heart is covered with the breastplate
of righteousness." Through the shedding of the
blood of Christ, he is at peace with God ; through
the sprinkling of that blood on his conscience, he
has peace within; having imbibed the Spirit of
Christ, he desires and labours to be at peace with
all mankind. Wherever he goes, though a soldier,
he goes in the spirit of peace, prepared to commu-
nicate " the gospel of peace" to all around. This
spirit of peace, like the iron sandals of ancient
warriors, qualifying them to tread on roads of flint,
and spikes of steel, will enable him to pass unhurt
through difficulties and dangers. " His feet are


shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace."
While he believes the whole truth, and practises all
righteousness, the hope of eternal salvation will, in
his hottest conflicts, strengthen and cheer his soul.
" For a helmet he has a hope of salvation" Such
is the armour of the Christian soldier. His arms
are the shield of faith, the sword of the Spirit, and
the Spirit of prayer. He exercises a lively faith in
Christ Jesus, depending on His blood for pardon
and justification, on His Spirit for grace and sanc-
tification, on His merits for a title to heaven, on His
word for the fulfilment of His promises. " Above
all, he takes the shield of faith." That he may
march in the right way, and be prepared for every
adversary, he " meditates in the law of God day
and night." He writes it in his understanding ; he
fixes it in his memory ; he lays it up in his heart.
With this word he fights ; by this word he con-
quers. " He takes the sword of the Spirit, which
is the word of God." All his strength to contend
and to conquer, comes from his Lord in heaven, and
is granted in answer to prayer. He is, therefore,
" instant in prayer, praying always, with all prayer,
and supplication in the Spirit."

Further :

3. The Christian soldier has need to put on all
his armour, and to wield all his arms, for his
enemies are numerous, and subtle, and mighty.

The world is the enemy of the Christian. Its prince
is the devil ; its course is evil ; its end is destruc-
tion ; the Christian, therefore, separates himself from


sinners, and comes out of the world ; and because
he is not of the world, the world will hate and
trouble and oppose and persecute him. But,
" believing that Christ is the Son of God," he over-
comes the world ; " for this is the victory which over-
comes the world, even our faith."

Natural corruption, in Scripture styled the flesh,
is the enemy of the Christian. " In our flesh
dwelleth no good thing." " Our heart is deceitful
above all things, and desperately wicked." St. Paul,
feeling the flesh, or the law of sin, warring against
the spirit, or the law of his mind, sadly exclaimed,
"Who shall deliver me" from this enemy? But
soon he gladly added, " I thank God that through
Jesus Christ I may be delivered." And every
Christian soldier, who relies on the sacrifice, and
prays in the Spirit of his Lord, shall overcome and
crucify the lusts of the flesh.

Satan is the enemy of the Christian. He is em-
phatically our adversary the devil. He possesses
might and malice and subtilty, unknown. Even
the Son of God prayed to be delivered from him in
the hour of darkness. (John xii. 27 ; Luke xxii. 53.)
He is the great deceiver of souls ; and, in order to
deceive, he transforms himself into an angel of light.
He is the accuser of the brethren, and strives with
fiery darts to be their destroyer. He has artful
" wiles," and subtle " devices" to allure us into his
hidden " snares," and then to plunge us for ever in
his horrible " depths." (Rev. xii. 9, 10, 11 ; 2 Cor.
ii. 11; 2 Tim. ii. 26; Rev. ii. 24; Eph. iv. 27.)



The Christian soldier, however, gives not place to
the devil, but resists him stedfast in the faith ; and,
by faithful resistance, compels him to flee. With
the shield of faith the Christian effectually quenches
the fiery darts of Satan, and soon will he, as victor,
triumphantly " tread him under his feet." (Rev. ii.
24 ; Eph. iv. 27; Rom. xvi. 20; Jam. iv. 7.) Whatever
may be the trials of the time in which the Christian
lives, or of the church of which he is a member,
he endures hardship and maintains the fight as a
good soldier of Jesus Christ. Clad in the armour of
God, and using the arms of the Spirit, instant in
prayer and dependent on grace, inflexible in faith
and unblamable in conduct, overcoming the world,
the flesh, and the devil, the Christian is obedient
unto death ; and, after death, enters as a conqueror
into life in heaven.

We proceed to speak of


" I will give him to eat of the hidden manna ; and
I will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new
name written, which no man knoweth, saving he that
receiveth it."

The mysterious Gift is two-fold ; it is the " hidden
manna, and the white stone."

1. " I will give to eat of the hidden manna."

(1.) The manna of the Israelites was a small and
pearly grain, white as the hoar frost, round in shape,
in size like coriander seed. It was well adapted to
support life, and was suited to every taste ; it was


sufficient for the whole nation, and was afforded
indiscriminately to the lowest servant, and to the
highest prince. They all partook of angels' food all
ate the bread of heaven. " They did all eat the
same spiritual meat, and did all drink the same
spiritual drink ;" they ate of the manna which fell
around their tents, and drank of the stream which
followed them ; and that manna, and that stream,
was Christ. (1 Cor. ii. 3.) Had not the manna typi-
fied Christ, it would not have been spiritual food.
The manna was the figurative bread, Christ is the
true bread from heaven.

(2.) Christ is called " the hidden manna," because

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