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Hydes" to William Morehead (II.) in 1826.

II. — William Morehead, second of Herbertshire, was educated
for the army, and was served heir to his father, 3rd October,
1793.° He married, i6th August, 1795, Marion, daughter of
T. Brown of Langside, Glasgow,* and had issue, a son, William,
Mving in 1836, and then residing at Glenfuir House, Stirlingshire';
also a son, who died young, and a daughter, Matilda, who was
married to Captain John Stedman Christie. She died at the age

' Lord Jeffrey and the Rev. Robert Morehead (afterwards of Herbertshire)
married sisters.

- Now incorporated with Herbertshire.

' Printed Service of Heirs.

* Scots Magazine.

» Writs of Herbertshire.



Herbertshire. 183

of twenty-one, leaving a son, Captain John Stedman Christie,
and a daughter, Matilda Morehead Christie,' who was married to
the Rev. James M'Farlan of Muiravonside, son of John M'Farlan,
advocate, of Ballancleroch, with issue. William Morehead sold
the estate of Herbertshire to his brother, Robert, in 1832,'^ and
died in March, 1834.

III. — The Rev. Robert Morehead, D.D., who purchased
Herbertshire from his eldest brother, William, was the third son
of William Morehead of Herbertshire and Isabella Lockhart,
and was born at Herbertshire 19th March, 1777. He was
educated partly in England, first at a school in Chelsea, then at
Southampton. Subsequently he went to the University of
Glasgow with his brother, John, as he tells in his autobio-
graphical notes. In 1795 he went from Glasgow to Balliol
College, Oxford, which decided his future career as a clergyman.

Dr. Morehead was at Herbertshire in 1786, and says "the
succeeding months I passed at Herbertshire are pleasing to my
recollection." He renewed acquaintance with the old servants
there — John M'Laren, the old gardener and general adviser
of his father, and Anderson Liddell, the forester, a stalwart
Scot, who lived in a romantic cottage in the woods overhanging
the Carron, and called from Home's play of " Douglas " — the
scene of which was this very spot — " The Cottage of the
Cliffs." Dr. Morehead took orders in the Church of England,
and became Rector of Easington, Yorkshire, having previously
been Dean of Edinburgh (1818-1832) and one of the clergymen
of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, York Place." At one time

1 Mrs. M'Farlan was buried in the family burying-ground of the Moreheada of
Herbertshire at Denny, 20th September, 1890.— Diary of Sir M. Connal.

^ Writs of Herbertshire.

' There is a window in the chancel of this church dedicated to his memnry by
his children.



1 84 Herbertshire.

he was Chaplain to H.R.H. the Princess Charlotte of Wales, and
was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. He married,
27th November, 1804, Margaret, daughter of the Rev. Dr. Charles
Wilson, Professor of Church History in the University of St.
Andrews,' and by her had issue, four sons — (i) William Ambrose,
of the H.E.I. C.S., who was served heir to his father (who died
13th December, 1842), as heir special in Herbertshire, &c.=; and
(2) Charles, M.D., C.I.E., Madras Medical Service, born 8th
February, 1807, founder of native medical education in India,
married Harriett Anne, daughter of the Ven. George Barnes, D.D.,
first Archdeacon of Bombay, and died 24th August, 1882,'
leaving issue, a son, Charles Rivett, who died in 1852, and a
daughter, Harriett Anne ; (3) Robert Archibald Alison ; and (4)
George Jeffrey. The Rev. Robert Morehead had sold Herbert-
shire in 1836 to William Forbes of Callendar, Stirlingshire,
and we find him stating in a letter written in April, 1837,
that the house " is a mass of ruins, for [it] is remodelling."

William Ambrose Morehead, H.E.I. C.S., had a distinguished
career in India.* He married, in 1830, Catherine, daughter of
John Magrath of Bawn James, County Kilkenny, Ireland, and
by her had issue, one son, who died in infancy, and five daughters,
viz.: — (i) Mary Geraldine; (2) Margaret, married to Captain
Gunning Campbell, R.A.; (3) Kathleen Leonora; (4) Anne, and
(S) Georgina Caroline, married to the Rev. J. F. Bateman.

In the Dean Cemetery, Edinburgh, there is a tombstone
erected to him with the following inscription : — " Erected by
many old friends in affectionate remembrance of William



Scots Magazine.
Printed Service of Heirs.
Diet, of Nat. Biog.
Ibid.



Herbertshire. 185

Ambrose Morehead, for 36 years in the Madras Civil Service,
during which time he was for five years a Member of Council
and twice officiated as Governor of the Presidency. He died at
Edinburgh, ist December, 1863, aged 58 years." His daughters
were served his heirs portioners 27th December, 1865.* They
were also served heirs to their grandfather, the Rev. Robert
Morehead, D.D., on the same date.

Since the death of Mr. Boyd Dunlop Morehead, member
of the Legislative Council of Queensland, son of Robert
Archibald Alison Morehead, there has been no male repre-
sentative of the family of Morehead.

FORBES OF HERBERTSHIRE.

I. — William Forbes of Callendar, the next laird of Herbert-
shire, purchased the estate in 1836. He was born in 1806, was
Vice-Lieutenant of Stirlingshire and M.P. for that county, and
married, 14th August, 1832, Lady Louisa Antoinette Charteris-
Douglas, daughter of Francis, Earl of Wemyss and March. He
died 1 0th February, 1855, leaving a son —

H. — William Forbes, now of Herbertshire,- J. P. and D.L.,
born 3rd July, 1833.''

1 Printed Service of Heirs.

' William Forbes, Esq., of Callendar, is also proprietor of the lands of Denovan
(including Gunnershaw) and lugleston, in the parish of Dunipacc.
' See Burke's " Landed Gentry."



i86 Herbcrtshirc.

APPENDIX TO HERBERTSHIRE.

Name of Herbertshire (Page 167).

Without offering any solution as to the origin of the name of Herbertshire,
I would draw attention to the following facts. It is suggested by the Rev.
J. B. Johnston, in his " Place Names of Stirlingshire," that a certain Herbert,
who made gifts of portions of the lands of Dunipace to the Abbey of Cambus-
kenneth, circa 1200, may have given the name " Herbertshire " or " Herbert's
share " to the lands.

On pages 86-7 of the article on " Dunipace," it will be seen that this
Herbert was the son of Herbert de Camera, and at the time he made the
gifts to the Abbey the lands were in the barony of Dunipace, but later on we
find from various records that Herbertshire, which originally was only a
portion of the barony of Dunipace, became the principal barony, and
included the lands of Dunipace. (See page 87.) It will be noticed that John
Gifford, who is said to have married a daughter of Sir Thomas Moreham,
whose family possessed part of the lands of Dunipace, had a charter from
Robert I. of the lands of Dunipace (See page 86), and in the reign of
David II. Hugh Gifford of Yester, probably his son, grants a charter of the
lands of Herbertshire to a member of the house of Douglas.



CARBROOK

(Parish of Du7iipace.)



THE lands of Carbrook formed part of the barony of
Torvvood, for many generations the property of the
Forresters. They are mentioned in a charter under the
Great Seal granted to William Murray, eldest son and apparent
heir of Sir John Murray of Touchadam, and his wife, Elizabeth
Gibson, dated 17th June, 1624. In 1630, " Patrick Bruce of
Corsebruik " was one of the sufferers from the sliding of the moss
at that time.' Again they are mentioned in a charter under
the Great Seal to Mr. Thomas Nicolson of Carnock, advocate,
2Sth June, 1634, but as far as I can trace, the territorial
designation " of Carbrook " was not generally used till near the
end of the eighteenth century. The name appears in the writs
as " Carsbrouick," and is probably connected with the Gaelic,
catkair bruic, " fort or den of the brock or badger.""

In the index of writs of Carbrook there is a charter of
resignation by Dame Jean Stirling of Achyle, wife of the
Honourable James Erskine of Alva, 9th September, 1773, of
part of the lands and barony of Torwoodhead. Dame Jean
Erskine succeeded her brother, George Stirling of Achyle
and Herbertshire, in these estates. Carbrook was sold in 1794
to John Campbell, tertms, Writer to the Signet, and he had
a charter, 19th December, 1801.'

• Reg. Privy Council, Vol. IV., second series, 1630. See under Woodside.
' "Place Names of Stirlingshire."
' Writs of Carbrook.



1 88 Car brook.

John Campbell was admitted a Writer to the Signet 24th
November, 1785, and is designed eldest son of John Campbell,
Collector of Excise for the district of Inverness.' He married
Frances Brown, daughter of John Brown, Glasgow.' John Camp-
bell of Carbrook had, besides other children, a daughter, Jane
Mayne Campbell, who died at Edinburgh, 21st July, 1804.°
John Campbell died 14th February, 1821, and his trustees sold the
estate on 20th February, 1846, to James MacLuckie of Stirling,
father of Robert MacLuckie, writer, a well-known and respected
citizen of Stirling. James MacLuckie sold the estate in 1854 to
Joseph Cheney Bolton, of the well-known firm of Ker, Bolton
& Co., Glasgow. Mr. Bolton purchased the estate of Torwood
at Whitsunday, 1883, and thus became a very considerable
proprietor in Stirlingshire. He contested the county in the
Liberal interest in 1880 against Admiral Sir William Edmon-
stone, Bart, of Duntreath, and succeeded in winning the county
from the Admiral. Mr. Bolton represented the county from
1880 to 1892, when he resigned from ill health. He died 14th
March, 1901. For many years he was Chairman of the Caledonian
Railway Company. He married Miss Emma Higginbotham,
and had, besides other children, a son, Edwin Bolton, who
is now laird of Carbrook and Torwood. Mr. Edwin Bolton
married, in 1888, Eleanor Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir John
H. N. Graham, Bart, of Larbert, and has issue.

The mansion house of Carbrook was built before the year
1804, and was added to by Mr. J. C. Bolton in 1863. The old
portion was left, and forms the centre of the house as it now stands.

1 " History of the Writers to the Signet."

- There are some notes on this family in the Rev. Dr. E. M. Fergusson's " Logie."
See "Mayne Pedigree," Vol. II., facing p. 88, and pp. 209 and 211. In the " Mayne
Pedigree," Jane Mayne is stated to have married John Burn. This should be John
Brown,

' Scots Magazine.



QUARTER.

(Parish of Dunipace.)



THE earliest reference to the lands of Quarter which 1 have
been able to find is in 1426 (5th January), when John Ker
is designed "of Quattatar.'" In 1452, Elizabeth,
Agnes, Mariote, Margaret, and Marjory Airth" have a sasine of
Quarter, and in 1466 David Drummond has sasine of Quarter
and Carnock." The lands seem to have passed later on into the
hands of the Livingstone family, as on 9th November, 1630,
Alexander, Earl of Linlithgow and Callendar, granted a feu
charter of the lands of Quarter in favour of John Brown and
Barbara Young, his spouse."

BROWN OF QUARTER.

I. — John Brown, first of Quarter, and Barbara Young, had a
son, Alexander."

II. — Alexander Brown, second of Quarter, had a confirmation
of the lands as heir of his father in 1655.° He married and

' Cartulary of Cambuskenneth.
2 Exchequer Rolls.
'Ibid.

4 Writs of Quarter. In 1635 John Stirling of Herbertshire was the superior of
Quarter (R. M. S.)
" TbxA.



I90 Qyarter.

left the following children— (i) John, his heir; (2) William, of
Aikenhead, who married (contract dated 17th February, 1749)
Elizabeth Campbell, second daughter of James Campbell, gunner
in Blackness Castle ' ; (3) Alexander ; and a daughter, Margaret,
who is designed as " daughter of the deceased Alexander Brown
of Quarter," 2nd June, 1732.'

III. — John Brown, third of Quarter, succeeded his father in
1709. He married Elizabeth Forrester, and by her had issue —
(i) Alexander, born 1723; (2) John, born 1725; (3) Andrew,
born 1726 ; (4) William, born 1727 ; (5) James, born 1730 ; (6)
John, born 1732 ; and (7) Robert, born 1745.'

In 1744 John Brown of Quarter granted a disposition of the
lands to his eldest son, Alexander.

IV. — Alexander Brown, fourth of Quarter, was infeft in the
lands in 1768. He was a sugar refiner in Glasgow, and married
Elizabeth Stevenson, daughter of *Robert Stevenson, Paisley, by
whom he had issue — (i) Alexander, who died in infancy; (2)
another son, also named Alexander, his heir, born in 1752 ; and
a daughter, Elizabeth, born in 1756."'

V. — Alexander Brown, fifth of Quarter, succeeded his father,
and made up a title to the lands in 1776, and built the present
mansion house. He died in 1830, aged 78, and was succeeded
by his sister, Elizabeth Brown, who, by deed of entail dated
15th September, 1830, conveyed the lands to JOHN Harvie of
Shirgarton, county of Stirling, and the heirs of his body, whom

> Stirling County Bonds. William Brown is designed in thia contract, "brother
to John Brown of Quarter."

' Stirling Protocols.

' Dunipace Register of Births, and family papers in possession of J. A, Harrie-
Brown, Esq., of Dunipace and Quarter.

* Dunipace Register of Baptisms and family papers,

•" See chart on next page.



Qjjarter, 191

failing, to certain other persons. John Harvie of Shirgarton*
succeeded to the estate on the death of his relative, Miss Elizabeth
Brown of Quarter, on 4th February, 1832, and in accordance
with Miss Brown's wish, expressed in her deed of settlement,
assumed the surname of Brown. John Harvie-Brown of
Quarter and Shirgarton married Elizabeth Spottiswoode,
daughter and heiress of Thomas Spottiswoode of Dunipace,
and by her left an only son and heir, JOHN Alexander
Harvie-Brown of Shirgarton, Quarter, and Dunipace, who
is the present laird. °

» The relationship of John Harvie of Shirgarton to the Browns of Quarter was as
follows :—

♦Robert Steven3on=Elizabeth Gumming.



a daughter = — Leckie.



I Elizabeth = Thomas Forrester

Elizabeth I of Avngibbon,



of Quarter.



Marjorie = (1797) John Harvie
I of Shirgarton.

John Harvie-Brown
of Quarter and Shirgarton.



See under Dunipace.



192



Dunipace Parish.



Lands and Heritors in the Parish of Dunipace

NOT separately TREATED.



The undermentioned lands were at one time included in the barony of
Herbertshire : —

References to the Lands in
R. M. S. Charters.



Lands.

Barnego, Easter, ... 28th July, 1632 (No. 2048)
Barnego, Wester, ... Do.

Barnego, Middle, ... Do.

Braes and Broadleys, 14th Dec, 1635 (No. 431)

Braids or Boards, ... aSth July, 1632 (No. 204S),

Broomhill, 17th Dec, 1527 (No. 527)

Buckieside, 17th Dec, 1527 (No. 527)



Burnhouse, ..
Croflfoot,
Douchlage, ..

Greendyke, ..
Risk,

Stoneyinche,^



28th July, 1632 (No. 2048)
28th July, 1632 (No. 2048)
14th Dec, 1635 (No. 431)

14th Dec, 1635 (No. 431)
28th July, 1632 (No. 2048)



* Present
Proprietors.
... William Paterson

f John Gavin Dunmore
t Lang, Sydney, N.S.W.

... Mrs. M. P. Clarke

f Trustees of the late
(Mrs. Agnes Macfarlane

Robert Miller

Mrs. Helen Galloway

Mrs. H. Macfarlane

(Mrs. J. M. Air, wife of

< David Air, Dunmore,
( Dundee

5 Mrs. Margaret Bain,
( Stirling

("Mrs. J. M. Air, wife of

< David Air, Dunmore,
( Dundee

H. G. Henderson, Stirling

/John Collins, Ltd., Paper
\ Manufacturers, Denny

{The Rev. P. A. Wright-
Henderson, D.D., War-
den, Wadham College,
Oxford



See Valuation Roll of Parish of Dunipace, ]
Aljuded to as Stoneyend on p. 69,



CARRON COMPANY.

(Parish of Larbert.)



A HISTORY of the heritors of Larbert and Dunipace
would not be complete without some notice of the
Carron Company, which is a considerable heritor in
the parish of Larbert. This Company was constituted about
the end of the year 1759 as a private firm. The works
at Carron cover altogether about fifty-five acres, of which about
forty-two acres are in Larbert parish, and there are besides
nearly forty acres of water in their storage dams immediately
to the west of the works, and a similar area of open land.
The works were established in 1759, when Ur. Roebuck agreed
to take on feu from Sir Michael Bruce of Stenhouse fourteen
acres of land on the river Carron most convenient for the
erection of furnaces and forges, and for the construction of a
canal, waggon-way, &c. Further ground was acquired from
Sir Michael Bruce and his successors from time to time as the
works extended. In addition to the works, the Company owns
the lands of Crownest, adjoining the village of Stenhousemuir, a
considerable portion of which has been feued for the erection of
dwelling-houses. At various times the Company acquired pro-
perties in the adjoining parishes of Airth, Grangemouth, and
Bothkennar, and is also a proprietor in Denny, Muiravonside,
Kilsyth, and Slamannan parishes, chiefly in connexion with
its mineral operations.
13



194 Carron Company.

About the year 1770, the Carron Company resolved to make
a canal from the river Carron, and to form a dam or reservoir on
the Dunipace estate, and in the years 1774 and 1775 the
Company acquired some land from Mr. James Spottiswoode
of Dunipace for that purpose. The project, however, was never
completed, and ultimately the Carron Company re-sold the
lands."

The original partners of the Carron Company were Dr.
John Roebuck, physician, Birmingham ; Samuel Garbett, mer-
chant there ; William Cadell, senior, and William Cadell, junior,
both merchants at Cockenzie ; Benjamin Roebuck, merchant in
Sheffield ; and Thomas and Ebenezer Roebuck, merchants in
London, with a capital of ;^i2,cxx). The object was to smelt
iron ore and manufacture iron in various forms. The idea of
manufacturing iron in Scotland originated with Mr. William
Cadell, senior, of Cockenzie, who was a shipowner and an
extensive importer of iron and timber from Norway and Sweden.
He was born in 1708 (a son of William Cadell, merchant-
burgess of Haddington), and lived in Cockenzie House, now the
residence of his descendant. Colonel Thomas Cadell, V.C, C.B.,
where he died in 1777. He was a man of great enterprise and
energy, and was much concerned to improve and develop the
industries of Scotland, which were then in a very backward
condition. He wrote and communicated his ambition to Dr.
John Roebuck of Sheffield, the well-known friend and benefactor
of James Watt, and to Samuel Garbett of Birmingham.

The most distinguished name in connexion with the
Carron Company is that of Dr. John Roebuck. He was born in

1 Put of the laads were sold to Mrs. Harvie-Brown of Dunipace in 1879, and the
romaiadet to Sir John H, N. Graham of Larbert, The Company now holds no lands
belonging to the Dunipace estate.



Carron Company. i95

1718 at Sheffield, and was a good scholar, retaining through life
a taste for the classics. He studied medicine and took the
degree of M.D. at Leyden. He then devoted himself to
chemistry, which he applied to the industries of Birmingham,
and associated with himself a Birmingham merchant, Samuel
Garbett. Dr. Roebuck became a consulting chemist, and came to
Prestonpans, where he established a manufactory of sulphuric acid.
It is uncertain whether Roebuck was in Birmingham when he
turned his attention to the manufacture of iron. He was among
the first to re-introduce the smelting of iron ore by coke made
from pit coal ; and, further, to convert by the same agency cast
iron into malleable iron, an industry then non-existent in
Scotland, He thought of establishing such a manufactory at
Prestonpans, and from this idea resulted the formation of the
Carron Company for the purpose of manufacturing iron on a
large scale in Scotland. Messrs. Cadell & Sons of Cockenzie
had already made some unsuccessful attempts to manufacture
iron. Every arrangement of importance in the establishment
of the Company's works was due to Roebuck's insight and
energy.

Roebuck consulted John Smeaton, in whose published
reports' are to be found accounts of several of his ingenious
contrivances in aid of the operations at Carron. The chief of
these was the production of the powerful blast needed for the
effective reduction of iron by pit coal. The first blowing cylinders
of any magnitude constructed for this purpose were erected at
Carron by Smeaton about 1760.

The subsequent story of Roebuck's unsuccessful operations,
and of his friendship for Watt, who admitted that he must have
sunk under his disappointments if he " had not been supported

1 1812, Vol. I.



19^ Carron Company.

by the friendship of Dr. Roebuck," can be read in Snailes's
" Industrial Biography." Dr. Roebuck retained to the last
his faculties and his native good humour. He was much liked,
and the freedom of Edinburgh was conferred on him "for
eminent services done to his country." Dr. Roebuck lived
for many years at Kinneil House, where he died in 1794. He
was buried in Carriden parish, where there is a long and
eulogistic Latin inscription on his grave.' The establishment
of the Carron Works, and the improvements which he intro-
duced into the iron manufacture were of signal benefit to
Scotland. Not only was a new industry, which has since
become of great magnitude, originated in Scotland, but a much
needed impetus was then given to Scottish industrial enterprise.

It was after much correspondence and careful thought that
Carron was fixed on as the best place for a foundry. It had four
of the requisites — it was near the sea, iron ore was in the district,
and there was plenty of water and fuel. There were, of course,
many difficulties to overcome in the buildings, the fitting up of
the furnaces, and the bad roads for land transit, &c. It took,
for example, about three months for goods ordered in Birming-
ham to be delivered in Scotland. Often a month elapsed
without a ship sailing from London for the Forth. Then there
were no skilled furnacemen and moulders in Scotland, and these
had to be brought from Birmingham and Sheffield. This
importation of Englishmen was decidedly against the grain of
the Messrs. Cadell, who were extremely patriotic Scotsmen.
Mr. Garbett, however, had very decided views on this point, and
wrote, " It would be egregious folly to venture any other way
. . . but I hope when these men [Englishmen] have built us
one furnace, that we shall be able to build another without them

' See Diet, of Nat, lliog.



Carron Company. i97

as we will employ some Scotsmen as masons." This seemed to
mollify the Cadells. As the Rev. Mr. Bogle, in his interesting
pamphlet on the founding of Carron Iron Works says, " It
would be difficult to estimate the value of the services which
they [these Englishmen] have conferred upon Scotland. In this
way they were the pioneers in introducing into Scotland an
industry which, with its allied trades, is one of the chief sources
and mainstays of Scotland's present prosperity." One is struck
in reading over the correspondence about a site for the works
with the sagacity of Mr. Garbett. Several sites were suggested
as suitable for various reasons, some not unmixed with senti-
ment, such as the benefiting of a particular neighbourhood, but
Mr. Garbett went straight to the point. He writes, " Honest
men are too apt to think favourably of anything that will serve
their friends. . . . Everybody is apt to be attached to home
and particular situations, and amongst men of sense I have
frequently seen large sums of money laid out upon works in an
inconvenient place for no other reason than that it happened to
be the estate of the undertaker. The undertaking we are going
upon is of great consequence ; let us use our best understanding
in examining every likely place, and not leave the best places for
others to offer us opposition in. If the neighbourhood of
Prestonpans was equal to any other I would prefer it to any
other place . . . but let us examine every place attentively,
and choose the best." Mr. William Cadell, junior, also showed
great forethought, as we see from the following memorandum in
his notebook — " to place the situation of the several works, using
no more land than is necessary for compleat (sic) convenience,
and to remember we may some time have occasion to occupy
every yard of the land and drop of the water, and more if it was
there."



198 Carron Company.

At the close of 1759, or the beginning of 1760, operations
were begun with an air furnace ; the first blast furnace was not
completed till the end of 1760. For many a day Carron
continued to be the largest and most important foundry, not only
in Scotland, but in Europe. It received a charter of incorporation
from the Crown in 1773. The battles of long ago gave much
employment to the Carron Company. The famous guns which


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