John Charnock.

Biographia navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives and characters of officers of the navy of Great Britain, from the year 1660 to the present time; drawn from the most authentic sources, and disposed in a chronological arrangement online

. (page 7 of 45)
Online LibraryJohn CharnockBiographia navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives and characters of officers of the navy of Great Britain, from the year 1660 to the present time; drawn from the most authentic sources, and disposed in a chronological arrangement → online text (page 7 of 45)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook

of arms, helm and creft, and fword, target, g-auntlet and
fpurs of the defunft, the great banner being placed at the
hcadof the barge.

'* A third barge, covered with velvet, in which was
the body, covered with a large ftieet, and pall of velvet,
adorned with efcutcheons, and an earl's coronet upon a
velvet cuftiion at the head, fi)^ bannerols being faftened
on the outlide of the barge ; at the head was the flag of
union, and at the ftern fix, trumpets with banners; the .
top of the barge was adorned with fix plumes of black
feathers ; and in the midft, upon four ftiields of his arms^
joining in point, an earl's coronet,

'* The fourth mourning barge, for the chief mourner, /
covered with cloth without :jny ornaments; af:er which
their majefties and royal highnefs's barges, with uivcrs
others of the nobility, as well as of ,^e lord m^yor, and
the feveral companies of the city. As the pr cctding
paflTed by the Tovyer, the great guns were dilcharged

" In this order they paflcd from Deptford, and, about
five o'clock in the evening, came to Weltminfter-brid^e*,
ivhere the body was taken out of the barge, and proceeded
thence to the abbey in manner following :

" The marihal's men.

** Four conductors with black ftaflfs.

* A caufeway fo called at that time*

Digitized by

f' Fifty




<* Fifty poor men in gowns.
<* Forty watermen in mourning coats.
<< Drums and trumpets.
^« Ofticers of arms.

<* Th^ ftandard, borne by a perfon of quality related
to the defunS.
'< Servants to gentlemen » efquires^ and knights.
<* Servants to the dcfund.
" Trumpets.
«« Officers of arms.

<« The guidon, borne by a perfon of quality of rcla-
tion to the defunS.

** Gentlemen, efquires, and knights.
** Chirurgeon, phyfician, fecretery, and chaplains to
the defund, in mourning hoods and gowns.

" The fteward, trcafurer, and comptroller to the dc-
ftinS, with white ftavcs, in gowns and hoods.
" The bifliop of Oxon.
** Trumpets.
<< Serjeant trumpeter.
<* Two officers of arms.

<< The flag of the union and the great banner, borne
by two perfons of quality of relation to the defun£t.

" Six officers of arms, bearing the fpurs, gauntlet,
helm and creft, (hield, fword, and coat of arms.
" A coronet upon a velvet cufliion, borne by a king of


'* Then the body, the pall fupported by four perfons
of honour.

'* On each fide of which were the fix bannerols, car-
ried by fix perfons of quality, and of relation to the

" After the body, garter, principal king of arms, between
two gentlemen ulhcrs, preceding the chief mourner, whofc
train was borne by a gentleman; then followed eight
carl's affiftants, all in mourning gowns and hoods; then
divers of the nobility and privy council, according to their
refpe£live dignities, preceded by a gentleman uflier in
Ihort mourning.

<Mn this order they proceeded to the weft end of the
abbey (through a double lane of his majefty*s guards, who
were drawn up on both fides the ftreets) where the dean,


Digitized by



trebends, and quire received them» and fo went into
lenry the Seventh's chapel, where the body was interred
in a vault on the north ude of the quire ; which done^
At officers broke their white fiaffs, and garter proclaimed
the titles of this mod noble earl deceafed."

SHARLANDy James,— commanded the Fox at the
time of the reftoration. In the year 1664, he was ap-

Ginted to the Harp ; and in the following year to the
ary yacht. This appears to have been his laftcoo^
nand. •

SPARLING, Thomas, — appears to have been em«
f loyed under the commonwealth : and, among other, fer-
vices, in the year 1653, he took a prize from the Dutch,
with twelve hundred thoufand pieces of eight on board*
He was appointed, by the duke of York, to command
the Afliftance foon after the reftoration.

STAYNER, Sir Richard, — ^was commander of a ihip
of war, during the protedorate, in 1655. In conjunc-
tion With a captain Smith he took a Dutch Eaft India
fliip of eight hundred tons burthen, having on board four
chefts of nlver. In 1656, with three frigates under hia
comnuind {the Speaker y his cwn/bity the Bridgewaitr^ and
the Plymouth) he fell in with the dpanifh flota, confifting
of eight fail. Difproportionate as their numbers were,
4ie hefitated not a moment to attack them : he did it with
fuch gallantry and fuccefs, that, in a few hours, one of
them was funk, a fecond burnt, two were captured, and
two driven on fhore ; fo that of their whole fleet, two
fliips, or, as it is aflerted by fome, one only made its
efcape into Cadiz. The treafure alone captured on this
occafion, amounted to fix hundred thoufand pounds fter-
ling ; fo that captain Stayner returned to England not
only crowned witn glory, but loaded with wealth. In the
folfowing year he aeain failed with the fleet, under the
chief command of Blake, for the puipofe of intercepting
theSpaniih Weft India fleet a fecond time. Whentheyhad
cruiied off Cadiz for fome days, Blake received intelli-
gence that the flota had taken ftielter in the bay of Santa
Cruz. Having arranged their (hips with the utmoft care
and judgment ; and thofe (hips being alfo fuppoMed by t
conliderable number of forts and batteries on ihore, the
Spaniards vainly thought themfelves fo perfedly fecure,


Digitized by



in cafe of an attack » that their admiral fent Blake an
cpeo defiance, by a neutral Ihip \\ hich failed out of the
harbour after the arrangciixuts h. d been completed.
Onfeco.jivjitcring the foice and pofition of the enemy,
the En^'lifti adniiral found it would be iir'puillbic to bring
off the tnemy's ihips, though gallantry and prudence might
rendcir it poifibie to deflrov tlicrn. Stayinr was immedi-
attly detached to begin the attack ; /»i a being foon after
fupi^orted by Bbke w ith the remainder of the fleet, the
Spaniards wert, in a very few hours, driven out of their
fliips and breallwork««. The former wercinftantly taken

Jofleflion of by the^ Englifti ; and it being impoflible (as
ad been forefecn) to biiiig thtm off, they were all fet on
fire and burnt to the v\aier's edge. Clarendon's eulo-
gium on this fpirited and gallant adion is too remarkable
to be omitted. " The whole adion (fays he) was fo
^ miraculous, that all men, who knew the place, won-
*' dered any fob^r men, with what courage foever en-
« dowcd, would ever have undertaken it ; and they could
•* hardly perfuade thcmfelves to believe what they had
^' done! whilfl the Spaniards comforted thcmfelves with
** the belief, that they were devils, and not men, who

** bad dettroyed them in fuch manner." Cromwell

thought fo highly of the conduct of captain Stayner, that
Jie conferred on him the honour of Knighthood. The
deftrudion of the Ihips at Santa Cruz concludes the
naval tranfadions of the protedorate ; the death of Crom-
well took place foon afterwards, and fir Richard Steyner
had no further opportunity of exhibiting that gallantry
for which he was, as has been already (hewn, fo remark-
ably diftinguiihed. On the eve of the reftoration, tired
with the anarchy and confufion that had fo long prevailed,
and become a thorough convert to the principles of regal
government, he again entered into fervice, being one of
the commanders under Montague, (afterwards earl of
Sandwichj who went with the fleet to receive Charles the
Second. This fervice being eflefted, he received, from
the hands of that fovereign, a legal knighthood, and was
.conftituted rear-admiral pf the fleet, ne hoifted his flag,
by appointment of the duke of Yoj-k, lord high adniiralf
on board the Swiftfure. The following year he fer^'ed in
the fame ftation, having removed his flag into the Mary.
Xhc nation being at peace, no opportunity was oflerea


Digitized byVjOOQlC


to this brave man of adding to thofe fervices he ha^l al«
ready rendered his country. Although no notice is takea
of fuch an event, bv hiftoriansi which is fomewhat fin-
gular, coniidering tne eminence of this perfont it is moft
probable he died foon afterwards, as no mention if ever
made of him after the year 1661 *.

STOAKES, John, — Was alfo captain of a fliip of war
during the protedorate. Joining m the refloration of*
Charles the fecond, he was foon afterwards appointed,*
by the duke of York, to the command of the Royal*
James. The following year he was removed into the^
Aflurance, and prefently afterwards into the Amity, In
1664 he was removed into the Triumph. This was th6
laft fliip he ever commanded.

STREATE, Richard, — commanded the Hart pink at
the time of the refloration. No farther notice is taken of

SWANLEY, Richard, — commanded the Eagletf
ketch at the time of the refloration. He did not ferve
any more till the year 1666, when^ he was appointed, bj^
the dute of York, lieutenant of the Anne; and was foon
afterwards removed into the Triumph, by prince Rupert
and the duke of Albemarle.

TATTERS A L, Nicholas^— was appointed comman-
der of the Sorlings in 1660, and in the following year wai
removed into the Monk*

TATNEL, Valentine,— commanded the Adventure,
by commifllon from the duke of York, foon after the

TIDDIMAN, Sir Thomas, — ^wasmade commander
of the Refolution in 1660; in 1661 of the Fairfax ; in
1663 of the Kent; and in the following year of the fto*
venge ; and afterwards of the ^wiftfure. On his removal
into this lafl (hip, he was appointed rear-admiral of the
fquadron, fent into the Channel, under the command if
the earl of Sandwich, on the probability and profpeft of
Ae Dutch war. Thefe feveral appointments having
taken place in the time of profound peace, nothing me-
morable occurs in the life ot this very brave and deferving
officer till the year 1665, when he hoifled his flag» as

— r- -' - - — - - • I • I IM...1.

* Id the duke of York's Menoin is a letter of recommendacKifi,
writtcQ by the duke of York's order, to (ir Richard, in behalf of a
jmoj gentlcOMP volaoteer, dated May die 7tbj i66i«

6 rear-^

Digitized by



jcar*admiral of the blue, on board the Royal Catberiue*
Havine already given him, in concife terms, thatcharadet
for gaUantry he fo truly merited, it becomes a fpecies of
tautology, ufelefs, except for the puipofe of connedine
the Narrative, to fay he eminently diftinguiflied himfelf
in the engagement with die Dutch fleet under Opdam.
At the return of the fleet into port, as a proof that the

fallantry of conounanders ought never to pafs unnoticed
y the u)vereign, Charles the Second made an excurflon
fi>r the fpecial purpofe of honouring, and rewardinf fuch,
as had rendered tnemfelves mod confpicuous. Among
the firft of thofe fele£led on this occafion, was admiral
Tiddiman, who, as a mark of his royal ma(ler*s gratitude,
received the honour of knighthood. On the duke of
York's quitting the command of the fleet, and the ap*
pointment of the earl of Sandwich in his room, fir
Thomas was promoted to be rear-admiral of the red.
He was foon afterwards detached, by bis commander-in-
chiefy with fourteen men of war and three fire-fhips, to
attack the Turkey and India fleet belon^ne to the Dutch,
which, in confequence of Opdam's difafter, had taken
refuge in Berghen. A kind of negociation, not very
honourable, it muft be candidly confefled, to either party,
had been opened between the Enelifli and Danes ; the
refult of which was, that in confequence of a proper
douceur, the Danes, to whom the diflrefled Hollanders
had .flown for fuccour, fhould remain perfedly pafCve:
during the intended attack. Owing to fome of thofe
fatalities, or miftakes, to which a bufmefs of fo complex
and unfair a nature muft be ever liable, the Danifh go-
vernor had not received the neceflary orders from his
court, when the Englifli fquadron made its appearance.
It was in vain he requefted a delay, for three or tour days,
of the purpofed mifchiefiS. Thofe who have behaved
with duplicity, or treachery, on one occafion, can rarely
^d otherwife than to render themfelves fufpeSed in all.
The admiral either doubted the fincerity of the Dani(h
court, or wifhed to punifh it. for its want of punduality^
by attacking the Dutch before the promifed orders arrived :
as by that me^s the treatybecame void ; in confequence of
which the kin^ of Denmark was to be rewarded for his
breach of hofpiulity, with half the plunder that fhould be


Digitized by


)^AVA1 OFPtCBES or mtXr BttlTAlK. 4^

acquired. It wts detrhnined, in a council of war, to
take, by force, that, which till then, it had only been
koped to obtain pofleflion of, through connivance*
Tiddiman b^an the attack with his ufual gallantry; but
that condud which had fo lately procured hini, and his
brave aflbciates, fuch fignal fuccefs, when engaged in fair
conteft with the enemies of his country, was infufficient
to enfure a continuance of it, now the ferviccy an which
Jie was engaged, ccafed to be perfedly void of political
trick and chicane. The Daniih governor not having, as
yet, received orders to the contrary, held himfelf bound
in honour, as well as compliance widi what are called the
laws of nations, to defend thofe who had placed themfelves
under his protedion. The fpirit with which the Dutch
defended their ihips, aided oy the fire made from the
caftle, and a line, on which were mounted one-and-ferty
pieces of heavv cannon, became an enemy too formidable
for the Englifn fquadron to copt with ; fo that, after a
tremendous xsinnonade of feveral hours continuance, by
which half the fliips in the fquadron were totally difabled:
fir Thomas, blamelefs in every other refpeA, except that
of having, unluckily, been the agent appointed to carry
into execution an enterprife from which, even if fuc-
cefs&ily nothing could refult but difgrace and diflionouTy
was glad to retreat, in the beft manner the ihatteredcon*-
ditioQ of his (hips would permit him. On the following
4ay the long expeAed orders arrived; but, in confequence
of the late event> the governor (till refiifed to adrnit the
Englifli fquadron, till he had received fre(h inftnidiona
from his court; and (ir Thomas fmartine under his late
diiafter, returned to England fullen, and in difguft. In
the month of May, 1666, he was, on prince Rupert's

Sitting the fleet with the white fquadron, appointed to
ve as a temporary rear-admiral of the white ; and fo
much did he difiingui(h himfelf in the unfortunate aAion
between the duke of Albemarle and the Dutch, that it
was, for fome time, currently reported^ Van Trump's
(hip was funk by the fire of the Royal Catherine. On
the return of the fleet to refit, he was, on the lath of
June, promoted to be vice-admiral of the white : the
fouadron which, in the fecond engagement with the
Dutch, in 1666, fo much contributed to the complete
vidory obtained over them, by the vety furious manner
Vol. I* E viaory

Digitized by



in which it attacked the van of De Ruyter*a fleet. Th«
Royal Catherine was fo roughly treated, as to be obliged
to quit the line to refit. No greater enconuum caa
be pafTed on the behaviour of our admirals and com-
manders in this adion, than to lay thqr had die honour
of totally defeating three fuch men as Ue Ruyter, Evert«
zcn, and Van Tromp* No mention is made of fir
Thomas, as having been concerned in any of the naval
operations of the enfuing year ; nor have we been able to
obtain any further information concerning him, except
tiiat he conmianded the Cambridge in 1668.

TITSELL, Samuel,— iwas, in the year 1660, made
coinmander of the Pembrdce. In 1661 he viras appoint-
ed to the Sapphire ; and, in 1 663, to the Weftergate* In
the laft (hip tie imfortunately periflied, being caft away^
in the Weft Indies, foon afterwards,

TYRWHIT, John,— vraa, on the 20th of September,
1660, appointed, by the duke of York, captain of the
Happy Ketum. In 1661 he commanded the Afliirmnoe:
in 1063 the Providence. In 1665 he was promoted to
die Referve, a fourth rate of forty-eight guns* In 16669
on the promotion of fir F. HoUis from the Henrietta to
the Cambridge, he was appointed to fucceed him in the
command of the former ihip« In 1668 he commanded,
firfty the Swallow, and, afterwards, the Speedwell* In
1669 he commanded the Falcon ; and in the following
year, i67e, the Adventure. From this period he appeaus
to have retired from the fervice for a confiderable time,
as we find him no more employed till the nth of July^
x686, when he was appointed, by king James the fecond,
captain of the Tyger. On the 2ad of April, 1687, he
was removed into the Nonfuch; and on the 15th of
September following into the Cambridge. This was his
laft command ; but whether he died foon afterwards, or
retired from the fervice in confequence of his attachment
to his former mafter, we have not been able to difcover.

WAGER, Charles, — was appointed to command the
Yarmouth, in 1660, bv the duke of York ; and, in 1664^
was promoted to the Crowti. He died, at Deal, on the
24th of February, i665<

WHITING, Richard,— of Loweftoffc in Suffolk, was
made captain of the Diamond in the year 1660, but nc\'er
conunanded any other ftip. . .


Digitized by



WILORESS, John,— commanded the Beat at the
time of the reftoration. In 1664 he was appointed, by
the duke of York, to command the Hcdor ; and was re-
moved, the fame year, into the Eaff India Merchant, a
fourth rate of fifty-four guns. In 1665, he again com-
manded the Bear, but quitted her, foon afterwards, for
the Marmaduke. In 1066 prince Rupert, and the duke
of Albemarle, promoted him to the Houfe de Switen,' a
man of war, taken from the Ehitch, of feventy-fix guns.
In 1670 he was appoinu^ to the Welcome ; and, in the
following year, to the AiBftance. The time of bis death
is, like mat of many of his gallant predeceifors, totally

WILLIAMSON, Roberti — was appointed to com-
mand th^ Harp foon after the reftoration.

WCX)D, John,— commanded the Sophia at the time
of the reftoration. In i66c he was appointed to the
Providence; in 1666 to the Unicom*; and, in 1667,10
the John, all three being firefhips. In 167 1 he ferved as
lieutenant of the St. Andrew. In the following year he
was appointed captain of the Kent, a fourth rate ; after
which ne had no command.

WOOD, Walter,— was appointed captain of the
Princefs in 1660. In 1664 be was commander of the
Convertine, and foon afterwards removed into the Hen*
rietta : in this fhip he glorioufly fell, in the hour of vic-
tory, being killed in that ever memorable a£tion, between
the Englifh and Dutch fleets, in June, 1666.


ALLEN, Francis,— was appointed commander of the
York in the year 1661, No farther mention is made of

BEACH, Sir Richard,— was made captain of theCrown
at the fame time the laft*mentioned gentleman was ap*
■—-■■■■"■ ■ — .

* Id this year alfo he wu employed at Briflol as a regulating cap*
Cain; and fo popular did he fender himCelf, that at a time when fea-
inen were particularly wanted, he raifed c^pwards of two hundred fea-
Ben in three dayt, men flocking from ill parti to enter with him.

E 2 pointed

Digitized by


5^ tlVfiS A?^fi CHAKACTtkS OP

pointed commandeh of the York, In 1663 he was pfff-»
moted to the Leopard of iifty'^fix gunsi and (cnt as convoy
K) the Turkey fleet; his coftimiffion for this purpofe,
bearing date December the r4th, 1667, being inlertcd in
the Memoirs of Naval Aflfairs, from the year 1660 to the
year 1672, commonly called " The Duke of York's Mc-^
moirs.*' He continued to command this (hip till 16669
w hen the joint admirals, prince Rupert and the duke of
Albemarle, removed him into the Fairfax. In the fol-
lowing year the duke of York appointed him to the
Greenwich; and, in 1669, to the Hampfliire** In
16721, having hoifled his flag on board the Moimiouth^
he ferved as rear-admiral of the blue with fir Edward
Spragge,on his expedition againft the Algerines, and had the
good fortune to meet with one of their beft (hipt, mounts
ing forty guns, and carrying three hundred and fifty men.
Aner a Ihort but very fmart adion he captured her.
The peace with Holland taking place Toon after his re*
turn from the Streights, he quitted the a£Uve line of fer-
vice for fome time. On the 24th of March, 1673, he was
appointed commiflioner of the navy; and Itill retaining
/ his place at the navy board, was, on the 13th of March,
i682-;j, appointed, by the commiflioners for executing
the oftice of lord high admiral, commander of the Roy^
James. Nearly about the fame period he had the honour
of knighthood conferred on him. On the 19th of ApriJ,
1686, iir Richard was made commiffioner-rcndent at
Portfmouth, and continued to receive every poffibfc
mark of attention from king James, who, confidercd

* In 1670 he was appointed commodorci or a& fome (though erro*
ncxsuily) fay, rear-admiral of the fleet, in the Streighu, under fir
Thomas ^len and Iir Edward Spragge* In this ftation, through the
I^Uant aflittance rendered hy him to the Dutch, under Van Ghendt,
fix Algerine corfaira, mounting from forty-four to thirty*eight guns
each, were taken and dcfl roved at one time; to them an heavy blow.

i Soon afterwai ds he fell in (fingly) with two Algerine frigates,
whom he broaght to aftron, which ended fo much to their diudvan-
tage, though he was unable to capture either, in confeouence of the
jalEfUace they derived in flight trom their oars, that tnc largeft, in

f>art]cular, with thegreatcft difficulty reached Algiers, having received
eventeen (hot between wind and water, and hau twenty-five men kil-
led, beddes fifty wounded. He fnon afterwards returned to England
wiih a convoy, and arrived in ^he Downs February 4, 1671.


Digitized by



merely in his abflrad capacity ef lord high admiral, was
remarkably diligent, on all occafions, in fearching for,
and patronizing merit. Although the fame pcrfonage,
ivhen he afcended the throne, not only oontinucd him in
€)ScCf but, after a fiiort time, as a more convincing mark
of his favour, promoted him to a more confequential em-
ployment than that which he had held in the preceding
leign: yet fo far was he from eipoufing meafiires he did
not approve, and fuch the opinion entertained of his real
int^ity, at a time when it was confidered as a \'ery fuf-
ficient ground for diftruft, to have received the fmalleft
favour, or remained merely paffive, as (ir Richard, from
his appointment being merely of a civil nature, was, in a
great meafuTe,^compelled to be) that he was not only conti-^
aued in office after the revolution, but, in 1690, was
promoted to the comptrollerfliip of the vi£lualling ac*
counla. This he did not long continue to enjoy, for,
covered with age, and infirmities, the neceflary confe-
queoce of a long and a£tive fervioe, he died in the year

BARNARD, George,— nothing farther is known of
this gentleman than that he commanded the Gift man of
yrzr in the year 1661.

BlfAKE, William, — was appo^nt^ fo the Hawke
ketch in 1661, and to the Lizard in 1663. N. B. T^s
iBoft probable both thefe yeflels were only what are now
deemed floops of war^ and th^ captain, confequ^ntly,
only a mafter and commander.

BROWNE, Arnpld,— cominanded the Dunkirk in
1 66 1, and was f^op;} thfnce pjromgted to the Ann in

BUCKHII,!,, Thomas.— Nothing farther is faid of
diis pntleman than that he eonunanded the Roe I^etch
in i66i.

COTTPRElfLi Edward, — after having pommiuided
the Cygnet in 1661, the Paradox in 1662, the Foreibr in
1664, and th^ Delph in 1666, ferved as lieutenant of the
Warwick in 1669, and of the Revenge in the fame year.
In the year 1670 he was appointed, by fir ]£dv/afd
Spragge, to command the Algier; ^nd, m 1672, was
made captain of the Auguftine by prince Rupert. Nothing
flfrthcr is known of him.

flj <i;OVEU.|

Digitized by


54 tivnn and CHAKActiits or

COVELL, Allen, — was appointed ctptain of ii$^
Soilings, in the year i66i» by his royal bighoeifs 1^
duke of York.

COUNTRY, Richard,-rComaianded the Hind kdch
in the year 1661. In 1662, he was ciptain of the Eoaf*
tirorth floop ; in 1664 of the Nonfuch ketch,; id 1667 of
the Forreftcr; and, in 1668, of the Drake. He next

Online LibraryJohn CharnockBiographia navalis; or, Impartial memoirs of the lives and characters of officers of the navy of Great Britain, from the year 1660 to the present time; drawn from the most authentic sources, and disposed in a chronological arrangement → online text (page 7 of 45)