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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



ABRIDGMENT



HISTORY OF INDIA



I.OSDON : PRINTED BY
SPOTTISWOODK AND CO., NKW-STREF.T SQI"
AND PAItl.IAMFNT Rl'ltEET



HISTORY OF INDIA

FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD TO THE CLOSE OF THE
EAST INDIA COMPANY'S GOVERNMENT

ABRIDGED l-'ROM THE AUTHOR'S LARCiER WORK



JOHN CLAEK MAESHMAN

C.S.I.



EDINBURGH AND LONDON
WILLIAM BLACKWOOD AND SONS

CALCUTTA .SCHOOL BOOK SOCIETY, CALCUTTA

187(3



436^



INTEODUCTION



r HAVE BEEN ADA'isED that an Abridgment of the
History of India which has been in use by the students
of the University of Calcutta for eight years would be
welcome to them, and I have endeavoured to compress
the substance of the three volumes into one, which,
although scanty in detail, will suffice to give them a
view of the salient events of the different periods.

The space allotted to the Mahomedan period has
been abbreviated to make room for a fuller narrative
of tlie progress of British power, in which the Queen's
Indian subjects are more particularly interested. This
will not be considered a matter of regret, as Elphin-
stone's classical and standard History of India, which
treats exclusively of the Musulman dynasties, is in-
cluded in the student's curriculum of study.

The present abridgment has been brought down to
the close of the administration of the East India
Company, and the annexation of the empire of India to
the crovsm of Grreafc Britain, which forms one of the
most important epochs in Indian history. A brief
notice of events from tliat date to the death of Lord
Mayo has been added.

Since the publication of the original work a new
system of spelling Indian names, designated the trans-
literal, has been introduced in India, wliich in some



526484



vi INTRODUCTION

cases differs so materially from that which lias hitherto
been in vogue, that it is not easy to identify the places
or persons. I have adhered to the old form of ortho-
graphy, as the student may have occasion to refer to
the records and despatches of Government, to Parlia-
mentary papers, to previous histories, and to current
English journals, in which it has been, and continues
to be, used. There are some cases in which names
have been variously spelled by different writers, but the
diversities are neither important nor embarrassing.
On the principle of preferring general usage to philo-
logical nicety, I have in every such instance collated
diverse authors, and, to the best of my ability, made
choice of that mode which appeared to have the pre-
ponderance. For the convenience of the native student,
tlie two forms of spelling are placed in juxtaposition in
the following table.

John Clark MAKSinrAN.

London: October, 1873.



TABLE OF OlITHOGEAPHY



CUSTOMARY


TUANSLITKRAL


CUSTO.MARr TRASSLITKi; VL


Abdalee


Abdali


F>ediiore


. Bednor


AbdooUa


Abdullah


Beejaiiuger


. Bi.jauagar


Aboo


Abii


Beejapore


. Bijapur


Abul Pazil .


Abul Fazl


Bee ma .


. Bhiiiia


Acharj.vu


Acharya


Begum .


. Begaui


AfzoolKhau.


Afzal Kh^u


Behar .


. Biliar


Ap:ra


Agrah


Bellals .


. Ball^las


Aliiucd .


Ahmad


Bellary .


. Baliarv


Aliiuedabad .


Ahmadabad


Beloch .


. Bilucii


Ahinednusur


Abmaduagar


Belochistaii


. Biluiiiistau


Ajeet


Ajit


Beloli .


. Buhlol


Aj 111 ere .


A.imir


Berar


. Barar


Aliverdy


Alivardi


Beyas .


. Beya


Alla-ooil-deen


Ala-ud-din


Bharutu


. Bharnt;i


Alliwal .


Aliwal


Bhawulpore


. Bhawalpur


Allygurh


Aligarli


Bheem .


. Bbuiia


Alum


A lam


Bhonslay


. Bhoiisl(5


AhimReer


Alamgir


Bhoobaueslii


r . Bhuvaiiesliwur


Aluiitueeen .


Alptigin


Bhurtpore


. Bhartf)ur


Aiubajee


Ambaji


Biana .


. Biaiiali


Aniboor.


Am bur


Bithoor .


. Bithour


Ameer .


Aiuir


Bokhara


. Bukliaia


Amercote


Amarkot


Boohddlia


. Buddha


Amrut .


Amrita


Booddhism


. Buddliism


Aii^lia .


iiiglia


Booddlif


. Buchlliist


Aiiuiid .


Anand


Boorhaiipore


. Burh;iii))ur


Anwar-ood-dcon


Aiiwar-ud-din


Bootwul


. Bliutwiil


Argaum .


A rgaon


Brahmin


. Bialimaii


Arracan .


Arakan


Brumhaporit


■V . Bi'ahuiapul ra


Aseergurh


Asirgahr


Budgebudgr


■ Haj-Baj


Asof Khan .


Asaf Kh4ii


Budukshaii


Badakshan


Assye .


Assai


Bukhtijar


. Bakhtiiir


AuruiiKabad .


Auranirabad


Bulbuii .


. Balbaii


Aurungzebe .


Auranirzeb


Bullabhis


. Vallabhis


Aylali .


Ahnlya


Bundlecuiid


. Bandelkhaiul


Aziiii


. Az:uii


Burdwaii


. Bardwau


Aziiugurh


Azimgarli


Burmah


. Barraah


Baber .


Habar


Buxar .


. Baxar


Baboo .


Babii


Bye


. Bai


Bagdad .


Baghdad


By ram .


. Bai ram


Bahadoor


Bahadur


Cabul


. Kabul


Bahminee


Bahmaiii


Cacliar .


. Kachar


Bajee Rao


Hail Km,


Calicut .


. Calicat


Ba'laghaut .


Balagliiit


Caliph .


. Khalif


Ballajee.


Biilaii


Calliiiger


. Kdlinjar


Baiidoo .


BMiida


Calpee .


. Kalpi


Bapoo .


UkpvL


Cam bay.


. Kam bay


Baroelore


Maroelor


Cauibuksli


. Kdmbaksh


Karcillv.


Barcli


Cam ran .


. Katnrau


lii-d.T .


Uidar


Candahar


. Kandaluir



Vlll



TAELE OF OETHOGRAPHY



CrBTOMAEY

Cancicsh
Carrical .
CashniRre
Cauvery
f^awnpore
Cliaiideree .
Cliaiidoniagori;
Choetoo.
Clieiml) .
Clipyt Siiitr .
Chiilumbruiu
Chittore
Choulo .
Chout.(! .
Cliuuibiil
Chumpanere
Clninar .
Chuiida.
rimiidericiree
ChuiKlrairooptu
Chuttanutife
Chutter.
Coinibatoor .
Colapore
Coles .
Coorf? .
Corah .
Cossini .
Oossiinbazar .
Cuddalore
Ouddapa
Cuiiouf-'(^
(yiirumiiassa .
Cutcli .
Cuttack .
Daniel .
Daood Khan .
Dec'can .
DePK .
Deogaum
Deojturh
Devicotta
Dewan .
JJewanee
P hoi pore
Bhriturastii .
Dhuleep Sinjj;
Diiyan .
Delawur
J)ilere .
Dindigul
Doondhoo Punt
Doorancps
Doorjun Sal .
Doorytidluui .
Dowlut .
Drupudee
Dumdum
Dushuruthu .
Eldoze .
EUichpore .
Emamgurh .
Eusufzies
Etirokshere .
I'erozB .
Eerozepore .
Firman .
Eurnavpsn
Eutteh Khan
Futtelipore .



TEANSLITEEAI,

Klia,iid(^sh

KanUal

Kasluiiir

Kavcri

Cawnpnr

Chanderi

Chandernagar

Ohitu

Cliinah

Cliait Singh

Chilambram

(^liitor

Choid

Chauth

Ch.'imlial

CUanipauir

Chan^r

CliandA

Chandragiri

Chandrairnpta

Chattanatty

Chattar

Coimbator

Kohlapur

Kols

Kurg

Korah

KS,sim

Kasiiiibazir

Cuddalor

Kadapa

Kanauj

Karraanasa

Kacii

Cattaok

Danyal

Daud Klian

Dakkin

Dig

Deogaon

Dcogiri

Devikotta

Di\v4n

Diwiini

Dho.pur

Dliiitarastra

Dliulip SiiiKh

Dian

DelAwar

Dihr

Diiidigal

Dliandu Pant

Du ranis

Durjan S&l

Durvodhana

Dauiat

Draupudi

Dauidam

Dasaratlift

IldllZ

lliclipur

hnangurh

Ylisulzais

Earrnkh Siyar

Eiruz

Eiriizpur

Earnian

Eaniavis

l''allikliau

Ealhpur



, CUSTOMARY

Eyzabad
Furniekabad
Gawilgurh .
Geriah .
Ghauts .
Gliazee .
Ghazeepore .
Ghiljie .
Gholam .
Gliorp .
Ghuzni .
Gin gee .
Godavery
(iogra .
Gohud ■.
(iohur .
Golab .
Golconda
Goomsoor
Gooptu .
Goorkha
Gooroo .
Goruckpore .
Gour
Gukkers
Gungadhur .
Guntoor
Guzerat
Gwalior.
Gya

Hafiz Ruhmiit
Hajee .
Hauied .
Hejira .

Uemu .

Herat .
Hindee .
Hindoo .

Hindoo Coosh

Hindostan .

Hooghly

Hoosen All .

Hoshungabad

Humayoou .

Hnooman

Hussun Gun;;a

Hustinaporo

Hvdcraliad .

Hydpr Ali .

Indore .

Irrawaddj' .

Jain

Jaulna .

Jaut

.lehander

Jeliangeer

Jehan Lodi .

Jellalabad

Jellal-ood-dci'M

Jengliis Khan

Jeswunt

tfeypore.

Jey Sing

Jlielum .

Jnudhpore .

Jounpore

Juirgut Sett .

.Tullunder

Junimoo

Jumna .



TEANSLITERAL

. Faizili^d

. I''arakli4bi»d

. Gawilgarh

. Glieriah

. Ghats

. Ghiizi

. Gh&zipur

. Khilji

. Ghukm

. Ghor

. Ghazni

. Gingi

. Godavari

. Ghoghra

. (iohad

. Gauhir

. Gulab

. Golkandah

. Guuisur

. Gupta

. Gliurkd

. Guru

. Gorakhpur

. Gaur

. Gakkhars

. Gangadhar

• Guntur

. Guzar^t

. (iwali^r

. (5aya

. lializ Ralimat

. Haji

. Halimid

. Hijrah

. Hnini

. Har^c '

. Hindi

. Hindu

. Hindu Kusli

. Hindustan

. Hugh

. Husim Ali

. Hilslianuabad

. Humayiin

. Hanumiit

. Hasan Gango

. Hastiii&pura

. Haidariibad

. Haidar Ali

. Indor

. IrawMi

. Jaina

. J^'na

. Jilt

. Jah4nd4r

. Jaliiingir

. Jaliaii Lodi

. Jalil^bad

. Jalil-ud-diii

Oiiangiz Kb^n
. Jeswant
. Jaipur
. Jai Singli
. Jlielam
. Jodhpur
. Jannpur
. Jairat Set
. Jallandar
. Jammu
. Jamnah



TABLE OF ORTHOGRAPUY



CUSTO.M-VRV

Jmikqjee

Junukii.

Katiuainioo

KhariMu

Klielat .

Khizir ,

Kh(ij,-ili .

1v1iu„ih1.

Khorasaii

Kliosroo

Klnirnik

Kliylxn- .

Kh.vrporo

Kiiievree

Kirkee, .

Kistiia .

Koh-i-noor

Kolapore

Kooiiibho

Kooroos

KoDrooksliolru

Kootul) .

Kor.Vfiauui

Krisliim

Kshetrl.vus

Kuloo.slia

Kiilyaii .

KiireeiTi.

Kuril lol

Kurrachee

Koolub .

Laliore .

Lall

Leswaree

Lohaiiee

Loodiaiia

Luck now

Lucknowtoo

Lucksiuuiiu

Madlioo

Mahtnood

Mahomed

Mahoiuedau

Mallojee

Malown

Mama Sahib

Maiidoo .

Manftalore

Maw u lees

Meeaiimeer

Meeanee

Meer

Meer Jaffior

Meer Jnoiiil;

Meerun .

Meerut .

Mehidpore

Melowii

Merdan

Miwar .

Mednapore

Mobarik

Mosul .

Monghyr

Moodkee

Monlraj .

Mooltan

Moorshedab

M orad .

il orteza



l)ad



TRANSLITEUAL

JaiiUdji

Jaiiaka

Kliaiuiandu

Khwariziii

Knl:it

Khizr

Kli\\d,iah

Khoiid

KliuiasAii

Khusrau

Karak

Kliailiar

Kliairpur

Kineri

Khai-ki

Krishna

Kob-i-iiur

Kolhapur

Kliuiiibo

Kurus

Kurukshetra

Kull)

K(irPL'5,m

Krisliiia

K^batriyas

Kuhisha

Kalian

Kharim

Kunivil

Karilcbi

Kutb

Labor

],al

Lnswari

Lnb4ni

Ludlii&nah

Laklinau

Laknanti

Lacksiiiana

Miidu

IMalunild

Muliaiiimad

Mulianimadaa

Ulalldji

IMalciun

IMaina Saheb

Mancalor

iAlawalis

IMiaiiniir

]Miaiii

Mir

Mirjafar

Mil' Jamla

IMiraii

Mi rat

Mabidpur

Mi'lliin

Mardiiu

M:iiwar

Mi(hiapur

IMubarak

Mll^MHll

Mnnu'liir

Mudki

Mulr^j

IMulliin

.Mursiiidabdd

Miirad

Miirtazi



oolk



CrSTOMARY

Moslem

Mozuller

.iluaz/.uu

Jluckwanporo

Muiiudu

Muliabharut

Mulianudeo

Mulbar .

Mundel

lMun('('[)oro

Miitioo .

Musulman

Muttra .

Mysore .

Naliob .

NiiKari'ote

NatrporH

Naliai)an

Nalanurh

Naiiuk .

Narrain .

Nazir Juiir

Nepaui .

Nerbudda

Nizain-ool-nic

Ni'or Jeliaii

Nuddea

Nuudu .

>'iuikoomar

Nuzi'fb-ood-dow-

lali .
Omar
Omifhund
Onirah .
Oocli
Oodypore
Oody Sing
Ooji'in .
Oiide .
Palfibant
l^aiidoos
Pandyas
Paniani .
P.inipiit
Patans .
Peelajee
Persajc'e
I'ertal) Sing
Pcsliawur
Piiidarees
Plassy .
Pooiia .
Pooraims
Pooree .
Poornea
Pooroosram
I'ooruiuUir
y^mchala
Punderporc
Punjab .
Punt .
Purwandurra
Prithee .
Qwcttah
Raiseeu
llaiL'urh
llajpoiit .
Il^ijpddtana
Raniayun
llauuiuggcr



TRANSLITl'UAI.

Muslim

Mir/.ad'ar

Muazzam

Makwanpur

Mau'hada

Malu'ihh5.rata

Maliiinadi

M;il \rXr

Maiulal

Manipur

Maim

Musalm.in

JIattra

Maisi'ir or Mysor

Naw^b

Nagarkot

Na^rpur

Nali4l;ana

Nalagarh

Naiiak

Niiriyaiia

Nasir Jang

iNop&l

N.irbaddah

Nizd,in-nl-iuulk

Niir Jalidn

Niiddca

Naiida

Nandakum^ir

Nazib-ud-daulah

Ulnar

Uiuaobiind

"Uinarii

Uchh

Xldai pur

Udai Singh

Uijaiii

Oiidh

I'iikkdt

Paiidavas

Pandii's

Pi)ii4iii

Hani pat

Palb^ns

Pilaji

Parsaji

Pratiil) Singll

Pr.sliawar

I'iiidaris

Plas.sey

Piiiia

Puranas

Piiri

Hiirniah

Pmasii Rama

Piiraiidhar

I'aiK'liala

J'aiidliarpur

Pan jab

Pa lit

I'arwiindurra

Priibvi

Ki'ttah

Raisin

Raigarh

Kajpiit

Kailiiil^ni

Rainiyana

Rumnagar



TABLE OF OrxTHOGRAPHY



CUSTOM A i;
Raiuraj .
Kaniu .
Rami Sunt:;!
Rangoon
Ravee .
Ravuiiu
Rawiil-pindc
Rezia .
Rliotiis .
Hiiilliiiiil>')re
Rohik'Uiid
Roopur .
Riiglioojee
Rughoonatli
Runjeet Siuf
Sa'adut .
Sahoo .
Salabut Jung
Salbye .
Sauibajee
Satgaiig
Satpoora
Saugor .
Savanoor
Saveiidoorg
Secunder
Seeta

Seetabuldee
Seeva
Selim
Seljuks .
Sen

Seoraj .
Setts
Sevajee .
Shah Alum
Shahee .

Shalijce .

Shah Jehan

Shahpoorce

Shariar .

Shastur .

Shustree

Sheah .

Sheiks .

Shcre .

Shiijee .

Shunkur

Sikkim .

Sinde

SiiiR

Sipree .

Sircars .

Sirhind .

Sirjee Ange

Soane

Solimaii .

Soobah .

Soobadar

Sooder .

Shoojah



TEAKSI.ITERAL

. Ram raja

. Kama

. Raii^ San^a

. Ran gun

. R4vl

. Ravana

. Rawal-pindi

. Rnziah

. Ralitfi,s

. Rantanibhor

. Rdhilkhand

. Ropar

. Raghiiji

. RaghunS,th

. Rangit Singh

. Sa'adat

. Saiiu

. Salabat Jung

. Salljai

. Sanibaji

. Satgawn

. SSitpur^

. Sas^ar

. Silvan ur

. Suvarnadnig

. Sikandar

. Sita

. Sit^baldi

. Siva

. Salim

. Saljiiks

. Sena

. SiorAj

. Sets

. Sevaji

. Sliah Alam

. Shahhi

. Shaji

. Shah Jahi'ia

. Shahpuri

. Shahry^r

. Sastra

. Sahstri

. Shiah

. Shaikhs

. Sher

. Sliirji

. Sankara

. Sikhiui

. Sind

. Singh

. Sipra

. Circars

. Sarhind
gaum Sir ji Angengaon

. Son

. Sulaini&n

. Subali

. Suhahdar

. Siuh-a

. Shuja



CrSTOJlAET

Soor

Soonij Mull .
Subulitugeen
Succaram

Suddaseo-rao-bhow
Suddoosain .
Sxifder .

Suraj-ood-dowlah
Surat
Sutlej .
Sutnaramees
Suttee .
Syhadree
Syuds .
Tallikotta .
Talpooras
Tannil .
Tanjore .
Taiina .
Taptee .
Tara-bye
Tartar .
Tellicherry .
Teloogoo
Teraee .
Thanesur
Tinnevelly .
Tippoo .
Tirhoot .
ToderMuU .
Toghluk
Tokajee .
Tonk .
Tnolsee-bye .
Toombudra .
Travancore .
Trichinopoly
Trimbukjee Dang-
Ha . . .
Turn look
Ugni-Kools .
TJniritiir
TJrjoon .
Vedic .
Vellore .
Vencajee
Vikrumadityu
Vishnoo
Vizier .
Warungul
Wassil .
\\ ishwanath
"VViswas .
^V\^rda .
Wurgaum
Wuzeerab:id.
Yoodistlieer .
Zabita .
Zenian .
Zendndar
Zoolfikar



TEANSLITERAL
Slir

Suii'ij Mall
Selia'ktigin
Sidiarani
Sivad^s rao bhao
Suddosaui
Safdar

Sir4j-ud-daulali
Saurashtra
Satlaj

Satiiur&,mis
S.ti

Syhadri
Sayyids
Talikot
Talpurs
Tamil
Tanjor
Tli&na
Tapli
Tara-bA,i
Tatar
Tellicheri
Telugu
Tar^i

Thuneswar
Tinnevelli
Tijipfi
Tirlnit
Todar Mall
Tughlak
Tukaji
Tank
Tulsi-b&i
Tumbadra
Travancor
Trieliinapalli
. Trinibaliji
Dainglia
Taniluk
Airnikulas
Amrith.ar
Arjuna
Vaidik
Vellor
Venkaji
Vikraui4ditya
Vishnu
Vazir
W a ran gal
Wasil

Vishwanath
Viswas
Warda
, Wargani
, Vazirabad
. Yudhislliira
. Znbitah
, Zani4u
. Zaniindar
. Zullikar



TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHRONOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL



CHAPTER I.
Section I.

PAGE

Boinidnries and divisions of India 1

Early lii>t(iry and chronology . 2

Thr Aliorifiiiies ; the Aryans . a

B.C. Rise of Brahniinism ... 3

1400 The Muhaljharut; the Pandoos

and the Kooroos ... 4

The battle of Kooroo Kshetru . 5
1200 Kingdoms of Uyodhyu and Mi-

thila 6

Events recordpd in the Ramayim 6

Conquest of Ceylon by Ramu . 7

900 The code of Munoo ... 8



Section IL

598 Birth of Booddhu .... 8

Doctrines of Booddhism . . 8

54'i His death and Ids relics . . 8

521 Invasion of India by Darius . 9

327 Invasion of Alexander the Great 9

Battle of the Jhelum willi Porus 9

He turns back from the Beyas . 10

324 Deatli of Alexander the Great , 10
Kinpdom of Mugudu . . .10

325 Chundrafrooptu founds the

Jlauryan dynasty . . .10

He repels the invasion of Seleucus 10

300 Great prosperity of the dynasty 11

200 .\soka, its irrc.'itcst jirince' . . 11

Extent of his kinirduni ; his edicts 11

He establislics Booddhism . . 12

226 Death of Asoka . . . .12

188 Dynasty of the Sungas ; their

temples 12

The lixni-Kools revive Brahinin-

ism 12

Prevalence of Booddhism in the

seventh century a.d. . . 13

57 Rise of the A ndin'a dynasty . . 13
Vikrum-adityu ; the Augustan

a^e of Sanscrit literature . . 13

Beufial and its capital Gour . 14

Adisoor founds the Sen dynasty . 1 1

Cashmere conquered by tiieGun-

durvus 14



A.I). p

Dynasty of the Shalis in Sunt .

Displaced by the Bullabhis .

The various kingdomsin thenorth

of India between tlie first and

tenth centuries of the Christian

era

First settlement of the Deccan —
the Dravidian . . . .
The I'andyas and the Cholas
The Mahrattas and the Ooriyas .
473 The Kesari dynasty in Orissa



15



569
711



97fi
997
1(101

1001
11117
1024
10;i0
1186



CHAPTER II.
Section I.

Birth of Mahomed and spread of

his religion

Mahomed ben Cossim invades

Rajpootana and is expelled
The Sainanides estabiislied in

Khorasan and Afghanistan
Aluptugeen establishes tlie king

dom of Ghuzni .
Succeeded by Subuktugeen .
Mahmood of Ghuzni
He engages in twelve expeditions

to India

To Nagarcote and Tlianesur
To Cunouge and Mutlra.
riunder of Somnatli
Mahmnod's death and character
Extinction of Gluizni .



Section II.

The dynasty of GnoEE
Mahomed Ghorylhe real founder

of Mahomedan jiower in India
State of the Ilindoi) kingdoms .
Tile virtues of Hiioje Raj
1!03 Prithee raj defeatsAlahoinedGhory
j 1193 Slahonied crushes tlie Hindoos at'

I Tiranri

1194 Conquest of Bencal and Behar .
120 ; Demolition of Hindoo jiower
12UG Death and character of Mahomed



Xll



CONTENTS



A.D. PAGE

12u6 Kootub-ood-deen establishes the

Slave dyinsty . . . .27
1'219 Invasion of Jciif-'liis Khan . . 28
12liM,'onqucsts of Altumsh . . . 28
1236 Reinn cpf Snltaua Rezia . . . 2S
1l66 ReiKii of Biilbim .... 29
liSS Succession of tlie GniLJIE line . 3U
129-liFii->t irruplionoftlieMaliouicdaus
into tht! Di'ccan ....
1295 AUaood-deen mounts tlie throne
1298 His strusr!:;les with the Mofculs .
1309 Mahk K:ifoor ravages tlie Deccan
1316 Alla-ood-deeu's misfortunes and

death ,

Extent of his conquests
1321 Five years of anarchy .



Section III.

Origin of tlie ToGHLUK dynasty 33

1321 Oliazee Tof
Five independent kingdoms

created out of it . . . . 4-3

1489 Add Shahei^ dynasty remains in-

dependent 197 years; capital

Beejapore 43

1490 Nizam Shahee dynasty ; indepen-

dent 150 years ; capital Ahmed-

nugur 43

148Hmad Shahee dynasty; capital

Berar ; independent !i0 years . 44

1512Kootub Sliahee dynasty; inde-
pendent 175 years; capital Gol-

conda 44

1498 Small state at Beder: period of

its extinction uncertain . . 4-1

Section IV.

Mogul dynasty . . . 44

Early career of Baber . . . 45

15 9 First irruption nito India . . 45

1526 Fifth irruption ; conquers Ibra-

him Ludi at Paniput, and
mounts the throne . . .45

State of India at the time . . 46

1527 Baber totally defeats the Raj-

poots 46

152-t Recovers Oude and Behar . . 46

1J30 His death and character . . 46

1530 Humayoon succeeds him . . 47

1534 He conquers and loses Guzerat . 47

Early caieir of Sliere Shah . . 48
1540 Defeats Humayoon, and mounts

the throne 48

1542 Humayoon flies to Candahar . 48
15i5The five years of Shere Shnh's
reign the most brilliant period
of Indian history . . .49

155.) Empire l-jst to his family . . 50

Humayoons adventures abroad . HO

15'.6 Recovers the throne and dies . 50

1556 Akbar mounts the throne . . 50

155ii Hienu defeated at Paniput . . 51
1556Akbai's great minister, Byram,

his arrogance and fall . . 51

Akbar's conflict with his satraps 52

1568 His power fully established. . 63

His matrimonial alliances with

Rajpoot princ esses . . .53

1572 Conquest of Onzerat . . .54

1576 Conquest of Bengal . . .54

1578 Conquest of Ori>sa . . .55

Sket h of its previous history . 56

15i;0 City of Gour depopulated . . 56

1586 Conquest of Cashmere . . .56

Akbar's army annihilated in the

passes of Afghanistan . . 67

1592 Annexation of Sinde . . . 57

1594 Recovery of Candahar . . .57

Section V.

Akbar's views on the Deccan . 59
State of the Deccan . . .57
1336 The great Hindoo monarchy of

Beejannger established . . 58

Its magnitude and power . . 58
1565 Confederacy of the Mahomedan

princes of the Deccan against it 53



CONTENTS



X311



A.D. 1'*

1565 Exfiniruisliprt nt tlic battle of

TalliUotIa

1505 'Di'i'loi'alilc stfito of tlip Dpccaii .
1595 Akbiir invades tlio Deccaii .
1595Siet:n of Alnni'drniL'ur — heroism

ofCliaiiil Siiltniia
Ifinn Cnpturcof Aliiiu'dmijinr
lt;05 Death and (•hrira



Online LibraryJohn Clark MarshmanHistory of India from the earliest period to the close of the East India Company's government → online text (page 1 of 61)