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ray executor to give no security nor to appraise my estate, but desire the
same may bo alloted to my devises, with as little' trouble and delay as
may be, desiring their acceptance thereof as all the token I now have
to give them of my love for them.

Ix wiTNKSS WUEKKOF, I have hereunto set mv hand and seal thi* 20th
day of May, 1788.

Mary Washixoton".

Witne-<s, Joiix Ferneyiiough.

Signed, sealed and published in our presence, and signed by u< in the
presence of the said Mary Washington and at her desire.

J AS. Mercer.
Joseph Walker.

Letter or Benjamix Marshall to his Wife. — Thi-?- letter is
addressed '•' Benjamin Marshal at Newton Hall," with the addition,
in Marshall's handwriting, ''John Baker is desired to send this Imme-
diately if he possildy can which will much oblige his ffr"^ B. M.'"

PhILAD. Stp. IJ 1777.
My dear t^ALLY,

Yesterday morning between 8 & 9 O' Clock a report of Cannon was
heard which continued till near 11 O' Clock & afterward begun to
slacken ab' 12 a Letter from the Gen' infomiing that the Enemy were
advaricing that his men were in good Spirits ci^ hoped to give a good
ace' since which no ace' till this morning about 4 o'clock. Express Irom
the Gen' enforming that during theHea^ firing at Chads Ford on Bran-
dywine, a Large Body of the Enemy weiit rouncl & crossed a Ford ab' 6
miles higber up where we had 2 Battalions who received them with a
heavy fire but the Enemy ab' oOOO rushed on with fi.xt Bayonetts : so
that our people were obliged to give way befijre the Gen' could gett to
support them, the remainder then attackt Waynes & Mii,\fiehU Bri-
gades & after a heavy fire gott accross the Ford. Our whole Army then
retreated, and when the ace' came away were ab' 2 mile trom the Enemy.
Gen. Washington was at Chester ab' 2* O' Clock this morning (i'c orderd
the Army to Form behind them. Our I>oss of men said to be ab' 50,



Notes and Qxericj. 125

t!ic Hiioiuy considerable by their forcing the Creek — the French Xoble-
man T^otnuletl in the Leg. Coll. White oi" the Ligrht Horse woundcvl.
Gtn. (I f'T^'ott) shot tliro' the hand, Coll. Stone ct L" Coll. Smith ot'
Maryl.nnd killed. Cajv Forrest of Artillery wounded, c't some others
HiMiK's not nient'. We allro lost several pieces of Cannon. Expect to
ht.'ir more particulars presently. Yester(iay they hauled a number of
I.trj:e Cannon to the ferry on Sculkill e*c this morning some very heavy
ont-< g'»<'»; to the Swedes Ford, great number of shovells, spades, [ticks,
Whetd Barrows «S:e were allso sent in order to through up Breastworks ;
til'- Militia are all to turn out this morning as Volunteers, they having
i.'ieit yesterday atternoon for that purpose. Gen. Livi)igston goes to
.IiT~'.-y in order to gett out their militia ; this matter j>revents an.y
Bii«iiu-ss being done as all the Shoj^s are ordered to be shutt up, & we
cannot yet do any thing with our Salt, only Congress have engaged to
t;iko it Jit their risque. I cant say when shall come upas I cannot leave
her-.' til! I iiear how things is like to be tho" hoj>e to be uji to Morrow.
.^Iy Dear i.,ove to the Children it all tTr'^' tSc am with sincere affection
thine wliiNt

Bexj. Marshali..

N. B. Tlie Frd^ it other prisoners were sent away yc-terday after-
h'H.u from the Masons Lodge.

LhTTEK or Abkam Taylor, Provincial Councillor, to John

WlilTL, IN LONI'ON. —

Dkar Sir.

My ht-t was by I'eter Keeve, wherein I inclosed you a bill of Lading
for Bi-!toles and S,8 to the value of about four hundred pounds, but to
my great mortification I hear he is since taken by the French. This is
not so great a los.s but it might be bourne, had not a much greater in)-
inei-iiately succeeded ; two days after that bad news, the Tartar, Priva-
teer, u tine new ship in which I was interested 3 20'"' overset in Our
B;ty, and is irrecoverably lost, together with eighty odd men who were
all drowned, and upwards of a thousand pounds of mine along with her.

Mr. Allen ha.s just buried a fine child w-^ is a loss that sits vcn-
heavy ui)on him, and has prevented my knowing his thought ab' the
proposal of selling your Land to him.

I have spoke to Mr. Peters ab' the Land in Eight of Samuel Lee,
aiitl will take care to do what is necessary in it, of which I will write
yuu ill uiy next, for at this time, I am too much mortitie<l to sav anv
thing more, except that I am Mess^^ Swifts and
Dear Sir,

Your most affectionate

humble ser^-t.,

Abram Taylor.

A<i?li 17^ J

Queries.

Captain Thoma'; Perkinss, Pennsylvania Navy {Pennsylvania
Arrhnc*^ Second Series, Vol. I.).— The N'a\7 Board at Philadelphia
i'M - .int«^d Thoma.s Perkins, 1776, second lieutenant of the armed shij)
'• < 'cncral Washington ;" 1770, first lieutenant of the armed ship " llan-
c'^'-i;; 1777, captain of the fire-ship "Hecla."



.126 Notes and Querns.

This Tbom:is Perkins is believed to be the same who married Hanuah
Ford about 17G2, died in ISOG, and is buried at Marcus Hook.

If any one possesses other information about Captain Thomas Perkins,
will thev please announce the fact?

P. R. P.

HooPKS. — A nuiuuscript copy of an Arithmetic made in 1719 has re-
cently come into the possession of the Historical Society of Pennsylva-
nia, which, when executed, was a remarkable specimen of penmanship.
It apjiears to have been nuuie by "Grace Hoopes." The donors are
anxious to know who she w;i.s and her descendants. The following items
are all that is knowji to the undersigned :

"Grace Hoope-s born 7 mo. 17, 1697, married 2 mo. 21, 1720, to Wil-
liam Paschal, son of Thomas, of Blockiey, died o mo. 3, 1721, leaving
one child named Grace, born 4 mo. 2(3, 1721."

The first-mentioned Grace "was the daughter of Daniel and Jane
Hoopes, of Edgemont, the oldest of seventeen children.'" If any of the
rciiders of the Pexxa. Mag. can give further information relating to
Grace Hoopes, the elder, or her descendants, it would be of interest.

R. J. D.

M<^CooL. — Information wanted concerning all by the name of Mc-
Ccol, and jiarticularly the ancestors and descendants of Thomas
McCool, who died in Baltimore County, Maryland, about 1765, leaving
a wife, Margaret (later nuirried Paul Geddes, of Chillisquaque, North-
umberland County, Pennsylvania), and four children, — Martha, Agnes.
Joseph, and Adam. 3Iartha married Samuel Smith and Agnes was
the wife of "William Dougherty, both probably of Northumberland
County. Adam McCool may have lived in Dauphin County at one
time, but he later moved to Rockbridge Countv, Virginia.

M. S. F.

KiiYKE. — Information wanted concerning the Rhyne fiaudly in Amer-
ica. Who was Jane Rhyne (Rhine), wife of Adam McCool, of Penn-
sylvania and Virginia? She had a brother Martin living in Bath
County, Virginia, about 1830, and a brother George who moved into
Ohio before 1835.

M. S. F.

Kext. — Information is requested concerning Thomas Kent, a soldier
of the Revolution, who enlisted July 1, 1776, from Cecil County, Mary-
land, under Cujjtain James Maxwell; married Ann Ralston, "east of
the mountains;" entered three hundred acres of land in Ro>traver
Township, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, in December, 1784;
had a family of five in the year 1783 ; died 1835, near Waynesburg,
Greene County, Pennsylvania, and is buried there. There is a well-
founded tradition that he was born in Ireland, March, 1749. There
were Ralstons in Philadelphia over a century ago, and one Robert
Kent Ralston arrived in that city in the early part of the eighteenth
century.

Charles A. Kent.
5611 Drbxel Avenve, Chicago, Illinois.



.Nohs Olid QiUTies. 127

Ai'.NOi.D. — Cau any reader inform nie of the parentage of General
Ikuoclict Arnold's mother? She was, I believe, a widow when she
uiarriod Ca}>tain Benedict Arnold, of Nor^vich, — a ^Mrs. King, nee
Wntennan.

Mks. p. a. F. Stephexson.
43 Hbyanston Square, Lonpon W., England.

Thomas — Deax.— Information is wanted of Thomas Thomas, of
.Southwark, and Jlary Dean, of Blockley, Philadelphia, who were mar-
ried December 31, 1772, at St. Michael's Lutheran Church. "\Vitacs*es,
Martlia Thomas, John Evans, and f^lizabcth Jones.

Montgomery. — Information is requested of the name, date of birth,
Rnd place of residence of the father of Captain Samuel !iIoutgomery,
of the I'cnnsylvania Line, a citizen of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania,
who married Kiizabelh McElroy.

Bessie M. Jacksox.

W X IIIS^JTON, D. C.

36ooh UnOtlCCS.

TiiK Tkue History of the Americax Kevolutiox. By Sydney
George Fisher. Philadelphia. J. ]'>. Lippincott Co. Svo. 437
pages. Illustrated. $2.00 net.
Mr. Fisher prelaces his work by asserting that the historians do not
tell the whole history of the Revolution, and that they assume that we
do not want to know about the controvei-sy, or that it would be better
for lis not to know about it. He believes they are wrong and that we
do prefer to know the truth. In tracing the Revolution from its first
causes to the surrender at Yorktown, he claims to have used the au-
thorities more frankly thaji has been their practice, and the natural
result is that he will create violent discussion and startle a great many
patriotic people out of long-cherished beliefs, as well as shock many
whose ancestors appear in unflattering gui^e. The chapters on General
Howe are an interesting study of the man and the soldier, and will receive
the consideration they deserve. The book is a sweeping and caustic
pr(«tc->t against the practice of historians giving what the author claims
lo 1)0 faUe pictures of the Revolution ; but the Revolution is to be judged
l>y itf rv>ult.>*, and history justifies the belief that failure was impossiole.
Mr. Fi>;hor's book is very interesting in whatever aspect it is taken.

liKI-ORT OF THE Pl'BEIC ARCHIVES OF THE CiTY AXD COUXTY OF

Pnii.ADELi'HiA. By Dr. Herman V. Ames and Dr. Albert E.

McKinley. Washington, D.C. 1902. 115 pp.
This report, issued by the American Historical Association, is based
'M"'" the investigation of the various city and county oftices and the
J»ve princi[>al libraries of Philadelphia.' It covers three important
fj-o-'hs in the history of citv and county : first, the Colonial and Revolu-
»i";)ary period, 1G82 to 1789 ; second,' the period from 1789 to 1S54 ;
^!"1, third, the period since Consolidation, 1S54, to the present time.
I!u^ publication is a timely and valuable one, and the compilers must be
o-Tij^ratulat^-d on the thoroughne^^s of their work.



128 J^^ote^ and Queries.

TiiK JornxAL of the rvEVF.KEND SiL.\s CONSTANT, Fastor of the
Presbyterian Church at Yorkto^vn, New York, with some of the
Cecords of the Church and a List of his Marriages, 1784-1825, to-
iTpiher with Xote5 on the Nelson, Van Cortlandt, Warren, and
some other Families mentioned in the Journal. l?y Emily Warren
lloebling. Printed for private circulation, 1903. 4to. r>t51 pages.
The journal of the Rev. Mr. Constant, which covers a period of about
twentv vearsof his life of patient toil in the ministry, in a section of the
State of New York deficient in public records of marriages and deaths,
contains a mine of names and dates v> hich, by its inibiication through the
liberalitv of Mrs. Koebling, is made accessible to de^-^ccndants and others.
The notes on the Nelson.^'Van Cortlandt, and Warren lamilies, and the
sketch of the life and services of that brave and energetic officer of the
Civil War, Major-General Gouverneur K. Warren, are valuable ad-
ditions. The annotations and genealogical data were prepared by the
editor, J. Granville Leach, LL.B., who has made a special study of his
subjects. The extraordinary good taste, the excellent printing and paper,
the number and beauty of the full-page photogravures and other illu:^-
trations, and the specially designed head- and tail-pieces, as shown in
this volume, merit the highest praise.

Sally Wister's Journal. A True Narrative; being a Quaker
Maiden's Account of her Experiences with Othcers of the Conti-
nental Army, 1777-1778. Edited by Albert Cook Myers. 244
pages. Ferris & Leach. Publishers.
The journal of Miss Sally Wister has been prmted several times,
always, however, in abridged form; but Mr. Myers, in the volume
under notice, has given it in its entirety, with many biograi)hical and
historical annotations that are helptul and interesting to the reader.
The journalist, a Quaker maiden of Philadelphia, compelled to leave
the citv on the approach of the British army after the battle of Brandy-
wine, found at the Foulke homestead, near Penllyn, what was hoped
to be a secure temporary home beyond the operations of the contending
armies. It was during "her sojourn tliere that her personal experience-
and the events transpiring around her were jotted down for her friend
Deborah Norris, who subsequently became the wife of Dr. George
Logan, of Stenton. Brimming over with spirit and frankness, the
amusing scenes with the American officers who visited or were quartered
at Foulke's, the glimpses of love-making, and the spirit of romance so
apparent throughout, we feel regret that ISIiss Wister had not added
many more pages to her journal. The volume is an excellent specimen
of book-making, and the reproductions of portraits, manuscripts, relics,
and views add much to its value and charm.



THE



PENNSYLVANIA MAGAZINE

Of

HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY.



Vol. XXYII. 1903. No. 2.



HISTORICAL NOTES OF DR. BENJAMIN RUSH, 1777.

CONTRIBUTED BY DR. S. WEIR MITCHELL.

[The followiug extracts from one of the Note-Books of Dr. Rii^h, iu
the Ridgway Crauch of the Library Company of Philadelphia, are partic-
ulnrly interesting and valuable because they contain the abstractcs of the
Fj.et?chas made by the doctor and other members of Congress on the
question whether the action of the Congress of the New England States,
lu'ld at Providence, Phode Island, in December of 1776, regulating the
pricot^ of certain domestic and foreign products, required the approval
of Congress to make it valid ; to increase the rate of interest on Loan
OlTice certificates ; to refer the appointment of three major-generals to
tlio general officers of the army ; and the propoiition of General Charles
Ixc, while a prisoner of war, for a conference with several members of
OiDuTt^'^. Dr. Rush's criticism of Washington and several of his gen-
ciaU, the condition of the army, and his characterization of the
{►"litical attitude of the people of the United States, although familiar
to those who have followed his political career, are still interesting
rt-:idiiig.— Ed. Penxa. Mag.]

Decern'' 25. 1776.

In a Cowjress composed of Deputies from the 4 New
I'lig'' States of New Hamshire, Mass : Bay, PJiode Island k
Connecticut, Decern^ 25. 1776. They agreed to regulate
the prices of the follow^ articles at the following rates.
VOL. XXVII.— 9 (129)



130 Jiisforical Xoks of Dr. Benjamin Rush, 1777.

Farrtumj — 3/4 ^i[^ diem, nud mechanical labor compared

with it in tlie usual proportion.
lV7kY<^— 7,6 V Biifhel X. H; M. B; .^ R. I; 6/ Con:
jRyc— 4 1)^ D" D' D° 3/6 D-

//?(f<'rt?i Co/v/— 3;4M. B., 3;6X. H; E.I: 3/ D"
^Yoo^—1\ ^<^ 11. M. B.; R. I; Con; 2,2 X. II:
Por/i — \\^ — /4+ \\\ M. B. according to weight £? pound.
Pork — /3^ /3^ ;o| 'f* pound Connecticut.
jy> m /4|_Xew Ilamshire.
J> ;3i_4i-_Rliode Island.
JBecf—jS f> pound M. B; X. H; R.I: In Connecticutt

24/ "^ liundred.
^/o?e,«j — /o"* "^ pound in all.
Salt— 10 j -^ bushel D\
irf6-/ India Barn — 6/8 ^ gallon by Hogsh"^ 7/8 bj the single

gallon — & 2/ ''^ quart.
i\e?f? ^/;^'' Born — 3;20 f3 Hogsh"^ 4/ ^ barrel, 4/6 ^ single

gallon, allowing one penny "^ gallon for every ten

miles it is carried.
Sugar, best Muscovado — 54/ ^ bund : by Ilogs'^ 60/ by the

single hundred weight & /S*^ "|3 pound for single pound

allow^ /9 "f- hund weight for every ten miles land

carriage.
Molasses— ^'A ^^ gallon by hogs"^ : & 3/8 "^ barrel & 4/ "^

single gallon — allow^ /I ^ gallon for every 10 miles

carriage.
Cheese — l^^ "f? pound.
Butter— 110 D"
Peas — 8/ ^ bushel.
Potatoes — Li the fall 1/4 ^ bushel, in other seasons 2/

f d»
Far/i Stockings — 8/ '^ pair,
ilife/js Shoes — 8/ ^ pair.
Salt-pork— 'M B; R. Island 92/ ^ hundred; 84/ in Con;

100/ X. Ilamshire.
Cotton — 3/ ^ bag 3 8 by the single pound.
Oats — 2/ "^ bushel.



Jlistorical JS'olcs cf Dr. Benjamin Hush, 1777. 131

F]ax—V M. B ; X. Ham ; R. 1 : 1/— f^ pound Con: /lO 'f)
pouDd.

CofiC — 1/4 ''^ pound in all.

Jalloic — ni V pound in all.

Tow Cloath — yard wide 2/3 ^ yard — and all coarse linncii
in proportion.

Flannels — Yard wide 3/6 "^ yard and other flannels in pro-
portion, according to thier \\'idtlis and qualitieg, &
all woollen cloath in like proportion.

Woollen r/oods — coarse linnen — Duck Ticklenburg & Osna-
brigs shall be sold at 275 Sterling, for what cost 100
in Europe — prize goods 250 for what cost 100 — All
public vendues & auctions to be suppressed — wood —
hay — planks — leather — shingles — charcoal — mutton
— veal — flour w'^ the rates of carting to be regulated
by the states seperately.

An ace' of the prices given by General Howe in Xew
Jersey for sundry articles :

Hay — when bro't by the inhabitants £4 . . . . "^ ton —

j£3..0..0 when fetched by the army.
Wheat— Qj "^ bushel D° 5/6 D°

Beef—jS^ "^ pound /2* D" . , ^

Pork—D° B" D° D».
Oats— SI "^ bushel 2/6 D'\
Corn — 3/— T>' T>\

no pay for wood or candle.

Upon motion in Congress whether the meeting held by
the four New Eng** States by deputies at Providence
Decern' 25, 1776, was a proper one and whether it did
not stand in need of the approbation of Congress to make
it valid. —

It wafi said by 31'' Sam^ Adams: That a right to assemble
upon all occasions to consult meavSures for promoting lib-
erty & happiness was the priviledge oi freemen. That it



132



Ilislorical Notes of Dr. Benjamin lixsh, 1777.



was contested by Gov'' Ilutchinson ct that it was dreaded
Old J by tyrants.

Mr. lilAc'- Ilcan/ Lee : It was said on the same side of
the question that we were not yet confederated, therefore
DO Law of tlie nnion infringed.

Col. Wilson ; on the negative said, that the design in the
committee of the 4 aSTcw Enghmd States in sending tlieir
proceedings to Congress was to demand their approbation —
That the same was clearly intimated by the tenor of the
appointments from Rhode Island and Connecticut, — that
the committee had commanded, and countermanded con-
tinental troops, — that the said troops were to be paid by
the continent, — therefore, that the business the committee
transacted was wholly Continental and of course, required
the approbation of Congress.

Mr. John Adams said, that he lately travelled thro' is'ew
Eng* & that he was sure that the approbation of the Con-
gress of the meeting would give pleasure to the committee
and their constituents. That thier meeting was founded in
necessity. That altho' we were not confederated, the same
principles of equity & reason should govern as if we were
united by a confederacy — that the four Xew England states
bore the same relation to the Congress that four counties
bore to a single state. These four counties have a right to
meet to regulate roads — and affairs that relate to the poor —
but they have no right to tax or execute any other branch of
legislation. In like manner the four Xew Eng'^ States, or any
other four states have a right to meet upon matteis wholly
indifferent, but they have no right to touch upon continental
subjects — that the committee from the 4 Xew Eng'^ States
have touched upon continental Subjects, therefore, the meeting
stands in need of the approbation of the Congress.

D"" Hush: The desire of independance is natural not only
to individuals but to communities. There was a time
(near 200 years) v.dien it was wrong to say a word ag"' the
dependance of the colonies upon Great Britain — a time
came when it was equally criminal to enforce that depend-



^ Jliiloncal Xotcs of Dr. Be>{janun J^ash, 1777. 133

r.r.ce. The time may come i- probably will come, when it
vdll be the interest of the united States to be independant
of each other, but I can conceive of no temporal punish-
n)tnt to be severe eno' for that man who attempts to dis-
solve, or weaken the union for a century or two to come.
I admire the proceedinors of the committee assembled at
Providence. They are full of political \'irtue & wisdom,
and I think the other states -ss^ill act wisely k \-irtuously in
])roportion a.s they resemble them. But I think the hieeting
is full of great & interesting consequences, and should be
reuarded with a serious & jealous eye. Thier business was
chiefly continental, and therefore they usurped the houses
of Congress as much as four counties would usurp the
powers of legislation in a state, sh*^ they attempt to tax
themselves. The committee have in one instance, in regu-
lating the price of goods counterved [?] an express resolution
of Congress ; and lastly tho' the meeting was necessary and
no injustice intended or done by it to any state, yet it becomes
us to remember that arbitrary power has often originated
in justice & necessity.

This question was decided by a majority in the Com-
mittee of the whole house in the affirmatb:e — but in the
iiajatlve a few days afterwards. It was reconsidered Feb'
13*\

Feb-' 10, on motion to raise the interest of money to 6 "^
cent for loan office tickets, it was said in the negative —

1. That there was no other way of laying out money.

2. That loan office tickets are the same as money, and,
tlierofore, in case of the want of money new emissions are
equally proper.

In the affirmative it was said by J/'' Serjeant, That loan
office tickets would be confined only to one State.

By M' Jo} Wd.mi : That Bonds, lands etc., were trans-
fcrrable as well as loan office tickets, and therefore the
argument of thier being ttie same as money is without force.
Tiiat the money lenders had all thier money paid into them,
that 3 millions had been received bv the usurers in Pen-



134 Historical Xofcs of Dr. Bei'Jamin Ihjsh, 1777.

Bylvanin, all of wliich wns probably in tliier hands, and that
if the interest was raised to G "^ cent it w^ procure money.

]\P John Adams : That loan offices tickets would not circu-
late because they bore an interest. That Massachussets bay
in the last war emitted 50,000 in notes bearing an interest
of 6 "I? cent, which were immediately locked up and with-
drawn from the circulation, even tho' gold & silver was
plentiful among them. That new emissions would only
increase the difficulty, that the continent would bear only
7 millions. That unless the interest was raised, the money
holder would employ his money in speculation in buying
lauds and in monopolizing goods, by which means, the
necessaries of life were enhanced in thier price ; that this
alone would regulate the price of goods, that no other
wisdom [two lines torn] emission we would rather see our
army disbanded, and Howe let loose to ravage the whole
country.

Upon calling the question the States (10 in number
divided equally). As a proof of the impropriety of each
state ha\'ing a seperate Vote, it is remarkable that there
were 18 members for raising the interest & 10 only against
it. The States that voted in favor of it v/ere Xew Ham-
shire, Massachussets bay, Xew Jereey, Pensylvania and
Virginia. The inhabitants of these states collectively, make
near two-thirds of the whole inhabitants of the united States.
[torn] political character in the same light as they do a suit
of cloaths. They put it on & off at pleasure. But we trifle
\\dth all morality — we trifle mth the happiness of millions
by not holding up [two pages torn out].

FebU4, 1777.

Upon the question whether the Congress should recom-
mend to the States to adopt the plan for reducing and
regulating the price of labor, manufactures, imports, and
provisions, which had been adopted in the four Xew England
States. It was said in the negative by

3P Jas. Smith, That such a recommendation would inter-



IJiatoncal Notes of Dr. Benjamin Jl'f.sh, 1777 . 185

iVro with the domestic police of each State wliich were of
too delicate a nature to be touched by the Conirress.

jy Bash, I am against the whole of the resolution. It 13
founded in the contrary of justice — policy & necessity a3
lias been declared in the resolution. The wisdom ,.t power



Online LibraryJohn Collins WarrenGenealogy of Warren, with some historical sketches → online text (page 10 of 39)