John Collins Warren.

Genealogy of Warren, with some historical sketches online

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made public. He signed it " From my o^^Tl House near the
Falls of Delaware, in tbe County of Bucks, in Pennsylva-
nia," and it was in 1694 printed and sold by T. Sowle, near
the Meeting-House, in White Hart Court, Gracious Street,
London, as appears from Joseph Smith's Catalogue of Friends'

The first mention of Thomas Janney in Friends' Records
of Bucks County is in the minutes of Falls Monthly Meeting,
12tli mo. 6, 1683, when James Harrison, Thomas Janney,
and Phineas Pemberton were chosen to correct and perfect
WilHam Beakes's paper, though probably at the meeting
held 11th mo. 2, 1683, his was one of the "Divers Certiti-
cates read." The book in which these certificates were re-

• Hazard's Register of Pa., vol. vi. pp. 301, 302; The Friend, vol.
xix. p. 109 ; Pa. Mag. Hist, axd Bigg., vol. xxvi. p. 351.

»See Die Friend, vol. xxviii. pp. 221, 229.

* Phila. Yearly Meeting Meraoriali,^-^. 14-17.

Thomas Janncy, Provindal OmnciUor. 225

corded has been lost aiul probably destroyed, and tlie valu-
able record of the opinions of their neighbors in Knir'and
concerning many .of the early Bucks County colonists is un-
fortunately not accessible to their descendants of the prt-.-t-nt
day, Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting 10th nio. 5, I'V^T,
requested " Thomas Janey, Thomas Budd and John Eckl^-y
to draw a certiticate for Koger Longworth, and get it signed
by as many members of this meeting as may be convenient."
All of Thomas Janney's services in behalf of the meeting's
interests are of course not known, but the minutes record,
among others, the following:^

Ou Gth mo. 5, 1GS5, Thoaias Janney, William Biles, llonry P.ukor
and Richard Hough were appointed by the Qtly. Mlg. to ;idju.-<t tlie
difference between Jno. Brooks and Lydia AVharmby, and on 7ih mo. 1,
16SG, Thomas Janney ottered to give the Mo. Mtg. "so much land a.^
may i-erve-for a Burying place on the Slate-pit hill." The meeting Sih
mo. 6, 16S6, "Concluded it Avas requisite to lay off a burying place, and
to have an acre of land, and that about 30 yai'ds square be fenced, which
may serve for the present." On 2d mo. 6, ltj87, the meeting dlrecte-i
William Biles to be spoken to by Thomas Janney and William Yardiey
about selling Rum to the Indians. They afterwards reported that he
Baid it was "not against the Law neither doth he know that it is any
evil to do so, but hov.-ever, if Friends desire him not to do it, he will
for the future forbear it." ' On 3d mo. 1, 1689, it was decided to build
a meeting-house between Randal Blackshaw and Samuel Burgees of
25,000 bricks, the house to be 25 x 20, or a foot wider, and 2d mo. 2,
1690, it was directed that a deed be made for the meeting-house to
Thomas Janney, William Biles, Richard Hough and Joshua Hoope- in
truit for the meetinc.^ On 10th mo. 2. 1691, it was decided that the

' MS. Minutes Falls Monthly and Bucks Quarterly Meetings.

•See Davis's Bitchg Co., Pa., p. 835; Pa. Mag. Hlst. and Bio.;.,
vol. xxvi. p. 194.

'A deed to these persons from Samuel Burgess of County Bucks.
Husbandman, for six acres on the road from Falls to Southampton, dated
4th mo. 4, 1090, was recorded 8th mo. 1, 1690 (Deed-Book No. 1, p.
316), and 8th mo. 2, 1690, was recorded (Ibid., p. 327) a deed from
Thomas Janney to William Yardiey, Richard Hough, Joshua Hoope.^,
and William Beakes, Trustees, dated 4th mo. 4, 1690, for a piece of land
on the road from Falls of Delaware to uppermost plantations ou said
river, containing 72 square rods (about one acre).
VOL. XXVII. — 15

226 Thomas Jannci/y Provincial Councillor.

meeting above Falls should meet at Thomas Janney's cue day and other
at William Yardloy's. On 11th mo. 6, 1(391, certam Friends includ-
ing Thomas Janney, William Biles and Eleanor Pownall, agreed to take
the meeting's share of all books that shall be printed in the unity or
Friends and by their approbation. On 9th mo. 3, 1G97, it was "agreed
that a Testimony be drawn concerning Thomas Janney's labours and
sersnce amongst us in the Truth," and Joseph Kirkbride, William Biles,
Phineas Pemberton, Richard Hough, Jane Biles, and Marger}- Hough
were ap-pointed to "take care it be made ready for next meeting's
perusal ;" but they aijpear to have taken much longer to perform the
service, as 7th mo. 6, 1699, we find an entry that the Testimony concern-
ing Thomas Janney was read and approved, and that Phineas Pemberton
was ordered to transcribe it.

Davis states that " in 1695 the meeting contributed £49,
toward repairing the loss of Thomas Janney by fire." ^
Tiiis is an error, as the minutes of Falls ^Monthly ^Meeting
show that 12th mo. 5, 1695, Thomas Canby's house had
been burned, and that £49 10s. was collected for him. I
called the attention of General Davis to this error, and in
his new edition it will doubtless be corrected.

Some of the minutes of 1694 are missing, and it was
possibly at one of these meetings that Thomas Janney
obtained liberty to visit Friends in England, as I find no
mention of the matter elsewhere in the minutes of Falls
Monthly Meeting, and we are informed that-"x\ concern
having for some time rested upon the mind of Thomas
Janney to \^sit Friends in Great Britain, he informed the
brethren at home thereof, and they, although feeling and
expressing much reluctance at parting with him, yet having
unity with his proposed service, gave him up thereto,
6orro\\'ing. His attached Friend Griflith Owen bein? also
liberated for religious labour in England, they travelled

Among the records of Middletown Monthly Meeting is
" A List of Friends' names eminent for Piety and Virtue

^Davis's Bucis Co., Pa., p. 106. See Publications So. Hist. Assoc,
vol. V. p. 477,

' The Friend, vol. xxvii. p. 348.

Thomas Jannci/y Provincial Councillor. 227

eiri'^c tlie first settlement in America," and amonp: tlie
names therein recorded are those of William and Jane
Biles, James Ilarrison, and Thomas Janney.

Before starting on his voyage to England, Thomas Janney
m:\de his will, and also appointed his eldest son, Jacob
Janney, his "true k lawfull attorney."' The original of tliis
power of attorney is now in the possession of Phineas
Janney, of Lincoln, Ya. ; in it he is described as " Thomas
Janney of Makefield, in the county of Bucks A- Province of
Pcnsylvania yeoman;" it was dated "the 3] day of the 3
month 1G95," M'as ^^'itnessed by Joseph Willcox, Edw.
Blake, Isaac Norris, and Da"* Lloyd, and the fiicsimile of liis
Eignature thereto is given herein.

Having arranged his affairs in Pennsylvania, " about tlie
latter end of the Third month 1695," Griffith Owen says,^
" in the unity of the brethren in Pennsylvania, we took our
leave of them, and went to Maryland, to take our passage
for England. I may safely say the presence of God werit
along with us, and preserved us, through exercises and
some perils we met with. We came safely to London,
where we visited our friends and brethren, and some weeks
ha\^ng partly eased ourselves of what rested upon our spirits,
we travelled down into the country." Li the Sixth month
of the same year they went into Cheshire, where Thomas
Janney " had many relations who were faithful Friends;
and though they were dear to him, and their houses might
have been his home, yet he rested little, but \'isitcd the
meetings of Friends in several neighbouring counties in
England and Wales." It was probably the accounts which
he then gave of life and opportunities in Pennsylvania that

' The Friend, vol. xxvii. p. 348 ; vol. xxviii. p. 230.

228 Thomas ,Tanne>/, Piwincial Cowirillor.

induced some of his nieces and cousins later on to remove
to America.

After travelling for some months, Griffith Owen and
Thomas Jannej addressed a letter to Friends of Philadel-
pliia Quarterly Meeting, which was read to the " satis-
faction" of that meeting, 1st mo. 2, 1696. Soon after
writing this letter thev parted company. Thomas Jannev's
health was evidently failing, and we are told he at dilferent
times had to lay by to rest and recruit, yet his earnestness to
do his Master's service carried him on. Having been
through many counties of England and Wales, he was at
last obliged to lay by in Derbyshire, where he was taken
quite ill. In the Spring of 1696, being in measure recov-
ered, he was again industriously engaged in visiting Friends
until the time of the Yearly Meeting at London, and as he
had a desire to see the brethren at this meeting, he went to
that city.

During the Second-day morniug meeting of ministering
Friends he felt his mind drawn to give a testimony con-
cerning the right qualification for and exercise of the min-
istry, but, the time being occupied by other ministers, he
found no way open for him; and, after the meeting, the
uneasiness felt by him, because the testimony had not been
delivered, increased as attendance at the Yearly Meeting
made it evident that there was much need of the advice.

On the First-day of the Fourth month, being very feeble
in health, and this concern remaining upon him, he pre-
sented the matter in writing to the ministering Friends.^

After writing the above-mentioned letter, he became so
ill that his recovery was very doubtful, and he was adN-ised
to leave London, as the air was thought not to agree with
him. He started for Cheshire, expecting by making short
journeys to reach his relatives there, and stopped first at
Enfield, then at Hertford, and thence reached Hitchin, in
Hertfordshire, where he lay a considerable time at the house

1 This communication has been published in Tne Friend, vol. xxvii.
p. 348.

Thomas Janneyy Provincial Councillor. 229

of "William Turner. Tlie Frioiuls there were very kind to
liim, and carefully and tenderly watehed over him ; but we
are told/ "having endured much hardship formcrlv in tlic
service of truth, by travelling into several elimatoa, and en-
during heats and colds, his body was attended witli mu' h
pain, 80 that few expected liis recovery." Two of his nla-
tives, who were Friends, came from Cheshire to visit him,
and he said to one of them, —

" Cousin, I am glad that thou art come. I hardly expect to recover so
as to be able to get into Cheshire. It is some exercise to think ot'b. irig
taken away, so for from my home and family, and also from my friends
and relations in Cheshire. I would gladly have got down into Ch'shire,
but I must be content, however it pleases God to order it. AVorse thir^'-*
have happened in this life to better men than I am. I shall be ini,->td
in America; Friends there were troubled when I came away; 1 hr-vc
laboured faithfully amongst them ; they will be grieved at the tidings of
my death; my family will want me. My care hath been for my sons,
that they may be kept in the fear of God ; I have been a good example
to them ; I have a care upon me, that they may be kept humble ^\hile
they are young, that they may bend their necks under the yoke of
Christ. If I am taken away, I am very clear in my spirit ; I have an-
swered the requirings of God, I have been faithful in my day, and I
have nothing that troubles my spirit; my spirit is very clear."

Though he little expected to leave his bed of sickness in
Ilitchin, yet he recovered so as to be able to get down to his
relations in Cheshire, and that winter visited the meetings
in Cheshire and Lancashire; after which he said to Grifiith
Owen, "I am clear, I am clear of England."' Wlien he
reached Warrington, he felt unwell, and, after spending the
night at the house of a relative, rode to the house of liis
brother-in-law, Hugh Burgess, in Pownall Fee. Here his
health declined again, yet he bore it with much patience
and contentedness, having his sister to wait on him; and,
though weary in body, made preparations about the begin-
ning of 11th mo. to leave England, expecting in the Spring

^ Piety Promoted, ed. 1789, vol. i. p. 229.

230 Thomas Jannn/, l^rovincial Gw.ndllor.

of 1G97 to rotiiru to his family in America.^ Before his
ship sailed, liis distemper returned with violence, and he
went to his sister's, near where he was born. He made but
little reply to her when she spoke to him about his tamily,
Baying, " If it be the will of God, that I be taken away now,
I am well content;" which was the most he said in his last
illness, save to a Friend conccrnim;- his burial. Having
been in England about eighteen months, he departed this
life in much quietness of mind, the 12th day of 12th mo.
(February), 1G9G/7, and was buried the 15th, in Friends'
burial-ground at Mobberley in Cheshire, where his parents
and daughters and other relatives had previously been
buried. The entry in the Eegister of Morley Monthly
Meeting, in regard to liis death and burial, describes him as
" Thomas Janney, of Pennsylvania, America, a minister on
a visit to this his native Country." At the time of his
death he was sixty-three years of age and had been a minis-
ter forty-two years. We are told that a great many Friends
and other people came to Ids funeral, and Friends had a
good season, and the Lord's power was over all.

Li A Collection of Memorials Concerning Divers deceased
3Iirdsters and other Friends in Pa., N. J., etc., published in
Philadelphia in 1787, the account of Thomas Janney fol-
lowing the Testimony of Falls Monthly Meeting concerning
him speaks of " other accounts concerning Thomas Janney"
at that time in existence, but does not state whether they
were in manuscript or had been printed. The only printed
account of him of prior date which I have seen is in Piet>/
Promoted, the first volume of which had been prepared by
John Tomkins m London in 11th mo., 1701, shortly after
the death of Thomas Janney. The author of articles in
The Fiiend e\ddently had access to other accounts, wiiich

1 Samuel Waldenfield and John Field, on 10th mo. 31, 1696, addressed
an epistle to Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting, in which they informed
the meeting that they embraced the opportunity of writing to them
"by our dear and well beloved friends, Thomas Janney and Gritnth
Owen, whose labours of love in the gospel of Christ, we truly esteem."
{The Friend, vol. xxviii. p. 230.)

Thomas Janiuy, Provmcial OjU)>cilhi}\ 231

probably were in rcaniiscript. There are, however, riow ii-
existence various memorials and aocounis of his lite,' s)i)io
of which are quite lengthy and most of which deal l;jr:^'elv
with his religious labors. Lack of space forbids furtii.r
reference to any of these, however, except the mcnu^riai
prepared by his Mend and fellow-traveller, Grifhrh Owon,
which was read and iipproved in the Meeting of MinistiT-
ing Friends, held at Burlington in Tth mo.. 1698,' and
wliich I believe has never been printed, but is to be found
among the manuscript records of Philadelphia Yearly Mc.-t-
ing. In it he calls him " the ancient, faithful, and laborioiH
Bcrvant of the Lord," and, among other things, says, —

" The Lord did not only reveal his everlasting gospel unro. him, but
made him an able minister of it, to the turning of many from durknea?-
into light, and from Satan's power unto God, and to water, refre.-h aiii
edify the churches of Christ, in many parts of the world, and although
he was not a man of much literature, yet the Lord endued him with
true wisdom from above, with sound judgment and understanding to the
deriding of the world aright, and to reach to the states and condilions of
the people, to the raising of the pure mind and good desires in thera after
the Lord and his truth ; he was of a meek and lowly spirit, true heartod
to God and to his people, willing and rtady to speed and be spent for the
Truth's sake, he counted nothing so dear and near to as God's
truth, and the service of it, he preached not only La woris but also in
life and conversation, which was attended with the fear of God, which
made him lovely in the sight of all good people, being careful of giving
any oflfence to any sort of people, but with the spirit of love, tenderness
and meekness, endeavoring to rectify what was -^Tong or out of good
order in any."

Li a deed from Jacob Janney to his brother Abel, daleJ
May 30, 1700, and recorded 9th mo. 30, 1703,' it is stated

* See PhUa. Yearly Meeting Memoriah, 17S7, pp. 27-30 ; Fleiy Pro-
moted, 1789, vol. i. pp. 228-230; Hazard's Register Ptnr.a., vol. vi.
pp. 213, 355 ; The Friend, vol. xix. p. 33 ; vol. xx\ii. pp. 340, 348.
356 ; vol. xxviii. p. 230 ; Bowden's Hist. S-jc. Fri-enda, vol. ii. p. 119 ;
Janney's Hid. oj the Friends, vol. ii. p. 392 ; vol. iii. p. 53 ; Doylestoion
Democrat, July 29, 1897 ; Memoirs of Sirnuel M. Jann^.y, pp. 2-4.

» Tlie Friend, vol. xxviii. p. 230,

• Bucks Co. Deeds, Liber Z,fol. 140. Patented as 250 acres, but by
resurvey found to be 365 acres 12 perches.

232 Thomas Jannci/, Provincial Councillor.

that Thomas Janiiey, by his will dated 3d mo. 21, 1G95,
de\'iscd a farm of 250 acres to the said Jacob Jatniey, his
eldest son; but this will, like many other early wills and
deeds, seems not to liave been recorded. Among the papere
of the late Samuel ^I. Janney, the Quaker historian and the
compiler of the " Janney Tree," was a copy of this Anil,
obtained I know not whence, which is as follows :


"I Thomas Janney of the Township of Makefield in the county of
Bucks in I'ennsylvania, Although I am in health of body as well as in
perfect memory, praised he the Lord for it, yet considering the great
voyage I am about to take, I do hereby settle and dispose of tliat small
estate I have in this world, by this my last Avill, as followcth :

"First. I give uuto my son Jacob the house and plantation which
we do live in & upon, with all the lands and appurtenances thereunto
belonghig, paying to his mother eight pounds a year out of the profits
of the said plantation during her natural life.

" SfcondJij. I do give to my son Thomas that 3 hundred acres of land
whereupon he hath begun a plantation.

" Thirdbj. I give to my son Abel all that tract of land bought of
Charles Bylcs.

" Fourthly. After my debts & funeral expenses are paid I do dispose
of my personal estate as followeth : I do hereby give to ^Margerj' my
wife, my bay mare, and to my son Jacob my old dun nagg ; all the rest
of my horses young & old I do hereby give to my son Josex>h.

"Fifthly. All my husbandrie ware I give equally to be divided
amongst my three sons Jacob, Abell & Josey.

"Sixthly. All the rest of my living goods or stock I give unto my
wife and my three sons last mentioned, to be equally divided amongst

"Also, I give unto my wife the bed in the parloiu- where we used
to lye.

"And all the rest of my household goods I do hereby give to my
wife, and my 4 sons equally to be divided amongst them.

"Likewise I do hereby charge my son Jacob in respect to the estate
left him, to pay to his brother Joseph as follows (to wit) that if my wife
phall dye within the space of 2 years after the date hereof, that then
Jacob shall pay to Joseph the sum of thirty pounds, but if their mother
live longer, then Jacob to pay Joseph but twenty pounds the money to
be paid by 10 pounds a year.

"Lastly. I do nominate and appoint my son Jacob Janney, and

Thomas Jamwj^ Provincial Councillor. 233

iny Cdusin Phincas Pemberton to be executors of this my la - it will & tos-

'■'Written with my own hand & sealed with my seal this 21" dav
of 3" month 1695,

"Thomas Jakxky [r-KAi.]"

The coat of arras and crest of the Janney family are irivm
in various publications,^ several of which state that these
were the arms and crest of Thomas Janney, the siihjeet of
this article; but I have not seen any evidence that he ever
used them, unless the expression in his holographic will,
" Written with my own hand & sealed with my seal," is
more than a mere legal form. Ten days after signing tiiis
will he executed a power of attorney, and the seal attnchiMl
thereto bears no heraldic design.

In colonial days there was no uniform manner of spell-
ing proper names, and consecpiently various forms of the
same name are found in early records. Some of the forms
in which the name Janney appears are the following, — viz. :
Janeway, Janney, Janny, Jannye, Jany, Jenney, Jenny,
Jenny e, GjTiney.

Ver}' little is known in regard to Thomas Janney's wife,
and how long she lived after the death of her husband docs
not appear. The Women's minutes of Falls Monthly
Meeting show that " Margery Jennye" was appointed, 2d
mo. 3, 1689, to make inquiry in a case of clearness of
marriage; and the minutes of the Men's Meeting of 9th
rao. 3, 1697, state that she then gave her consent to the
marriage of her son Thomas and Rachel Pownall. There
is no such entry concerning the marriages of her other sons
in 1699, 1703, and 1705, and as she did not sign the
marriage certificates of either Joseph or Jacob (the only
ones recorded), she probably died between 1697 and 1700.
The marriage register of Falls Monthly Meeting contains
also a few dates of births and deaths of early members, but

^ 77ie Continent, Phila., April 25, 1883, p. 521 ; Quaint Corners in
Phila., pp. 448, 462; Vogue; The Thomas Book, p. 348; The Jollijf^:t
Neill, and Janney Families of Va., p. 167.

234 Thomas Jimmy, Prorincial Councillor.

the custodian of tlio meeting's records states that "the old
registers of births and deaths cannot be found, they have
been lost for years." Consequently not only are the dates
of the deaths of Margery Januey and some of her sons and
their A\dvcs not to be found, but also the names and dates of
birth and death of several of her grandchildren.

Thomas and Margery (Heath) Janney had six children,
%vhose names and dates of birth are entered m several books
of the meetings composing the Quarterly Meeting ot
Cheshire and Statfordr-hire ; the birth of the youngest son,
Joseph, being recorded in one of these books as John, and
the death of the elder daughter, ?ylartha, being recorded in
one as ]\Iary. Their two daughters died in infancy, and
their four sons accompanied them to America, where they
married into families which were then among the most
prominent in Pennsylvania and Jersey.

i. Jacob Januey, b. Pownall Fee, Cheshire, 3d mo. 18, 16i52, bur.
Bucks Co., Pa., 8tli mo. 6, 1708 (will proved Oct. 15, 1708, Pliila.
Wills, G, 137), m. Falls Mtg., Pa., 10th mo. 26, 1705, Mary Hough, b.
Bucks Co., Pa., 7th mo. 6, 1684, d. there 11th mo. 21, 1711/12, dau.
of John and Haunah Hough (0(/r Family Aiice-stars, p. 234). They had
only one child, Thomas, b. Bucks Co., Pa., 12th mo. 27, 1707/8, d.
there 4th mo. 8, 1788 (will proved Apr. 24, 1788, Bucks Co. Wills, 5,
88), m. Wrightstown Mtg., Pa., 10th mo. 28, 1732, Martha Mitchell,
b. 1709, d. 9th mo. 19, 1785, dau. of Henr>'and Sarah (Gove) Mitchell.
After the death of Jacob Janney his widow, Mary, ?«. 2ly 3d mo. 2,
1710, at Falls Mtg., Pa., John Usher, and had one chUd, Mary, 6. Ist

^ "WTien specific dates of births and deaths are given below they are
taken from records of the Friends' Meeting to which the person then
belonged, with the following four exceptions, which are taken from
family records, — viz., (1) deaths of Thomas Janney and his wife Martha,
nee Mitchell ; (2) birth of Rebecca Janney, after^vards Poole ; (3) birth
and death of Jacob Janney, son of Abel ; London Grove Quarterly
Meeting records say "our ancient friend Jacob Janney of Duck Creek,
a minister, deceased the 2Gth 4th mo. 1783 about 60 yrs. of age" [?] ;
(4) death of Jacob Janney, son of Joseph, and birth and death of his
wife Hannah, nee Inglesdew. Goose Creek Monthly Meeting records say
Jacob wa.s bur, 9 th mo. 5, 1786.

Thomas Jaiincy^ Provincial Gmncillor. 235

ino. 28, 1711, '?J. Wrighbtovrn Mta;., Pa., Isl mo. 17, 1740, John
J]uller {Our FarniJi/ Jnce<(ors, p. 227).

In 1611S J.icob JuHTiey, Thomas Jauney, John Stackhouse, and othora
were members of a jury, afterwards termed the " Hustle Caj) Jury," who
were fined £2 10s. for casting lots as a method of arriving at a verdict
in a case. In 1704 Jacob Janney and others were appointed to a.-^^ist
Elizabeth Erock to settle her deceased husband's e^state.

2. Martha Janney, i. Cheadle, Cheshire, 5th mo. 17, 1665, (/. Chcadio
Holme, Cheshire, 12th mc. 4, 1665/6, bur. Friends' burial-ground, Mob-
bcrlf-y, Cheshire.

3. Elizabeth Janney, b. Po-.vnall Fee, Cheshire, 11th mo. 15, 1666/7,
d. there 11th mo. 17, 1666/7, bur. Friends' burial-ground, Mobberley,

4. Thomas Janney, b. Powuall Fee, Cheshire, 12th mo. 5, 1667/ S,

d. , , m. Bucks Co., Pa., 1697 (authorized by Falls Mo. Mtg.,

9tb mo. 3, 1607), Rachel Pownall, b. Cheshire, , (/. after 3d mo.

Online LibraryJohn Collins WarrenGenealogy of Warren, with some historical sketches → online text (page 18 of 39)