John Collins Warren.

Genealogy of Warren, with some historical sketches online

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are published and now Conclude with my sincere Prayers
for your Health and Happiness in this Life and Everlasting
Enjoyment of that which is to come and am with all pos-
sible Esteem, Ilon'd Sir

Your most AfFecf* k obliged Friend
and humble Servant

R. H.

I had almost forgott to return you my thanks for the beer
you was so kind to send me, and think 'tis very good.

Philada June 8"" 1740.

M^ Bernard Hannington
D. Sir

Inclosed you have Invoice and Bill of Loading for some
provisions and Lumber as specified therein which I hope
will come safe to your hands and to a good Markett. I
have taken the liberty to trouble you with this small Con-
signment, and if you can at any time give me any Encour-
agement don't in the least doubt but I can ship more
VOL. XXVII. — 21

322 Letters from I^tUr-Book of Birhard JIocIdf>/, 1739-171?.

largely to you, if you approve of it, and can truly say I
elioud be very glad to keep up a Correspondence with you
in this way, if there is any prospect of Advantage, the
Flour is of tlie best sort & do assure you cost me six pence
per Cent, as I shall always send the best of every kind, but
it will Bell when others will not. I am in hopes this
Adventure will in some measure make amends for ray last
bad Voyage to Carolina, from where I returned a fortnight
ago, and there receiv'd a letter from you which was fur-
warded to me, and was glad to hear of your "Wellfare. I
understand you heard of my Death as 'twas said and
friendly sympathized thereat but blessed be God I am still
alive, I hope to prepare my self for so awfull but certain
Change, and to have some more Converse with you, if not
in person by these silent Messengers, by whom we can con-
vey our thoughts, without being over heard, and I hope in
time to our ^Mutual Advantage, I take the Liberty to
recommend my friend Francis Richardson to you, who has
sent a small Adventure by this same Conveyance he is a
very Worthy young Quaker and don't doubt but you will
Comply with his orders as soon as the affair will admit ofi'.
^^Tien you have disposed of my small Cargo, I desire
you woud ship me by the first Conveyance 8 Barr' of good
Sugar such as you pretty well know will suit our Markett
and 4 Barr' of Lump Sugar in Barrels the best you can
gett, and the rest in good pleasant tasted and well proof 'd
Eum, all which I have reason to believe you will Comply
with, for you are sensible quick Remittance is the Spring
and Life of Business. I cant pass over in Silence to you
the surprizing Change and alteration I see in the People of
this Place since that Shining Light the Rev*^ >P Whitefield
has been amongst 'em who no doubt you have heard of,
Religion is the Topick of Conversation and they all have it
much in their mouths pray God it may sink deep into
their Hearts so as to Influence their Actions and Conversa-
tion, make them good Neighbours and sincere Friends,
which I know you will say Amen to, I have heard him

Ldtcrsfrom Letter-Book of Richard Hockhy, 1739-17^2. 323

fe%-eral times here A: in S" Carolina and liad several private
Conversations witli bini, he appears to nie to bo a very
sincere person Zealons for his Masters Cause, and jn>tlv
admired for his Elegant though plain Language and easv
to be understood, and for the Serious Vein of Piety that
runs through all his Exhortations crowded after by Multi-
tudes tho much traduced by some who have no true Sense
of Religion, he is endeavouring to reclaim a wicked Vicious
and Sinful 1 Age, and that with great Authority and Cour-
age, and must own to yon I never heard of or saw liis

All your acquaintance as forr as I know are very well.
Miss Peggy Eogers is Married to an old Man a Mate of a
Vessell, M' Bishop is in the Sherifs Custody at Burlington
for Debt, poor unhappy Man he has brought his Pigs to a
flue Markett pray give my Respects to all that ask al\or
me, and shall be glad of a line from you by the first oppor-
tunity' and vnth. much sincerity assure you that I am with
great Regard

D. Sir

Your Friend k VTelhvisher

RicH^ Hockley.
Per y* Sloop Encrease|

Cap* W"" Darrell j

Philada Sep' 10"^ 1740

M^ JonN AVatson
Dear Sir

I reced from M' Hair both your favours and am much
concern'd to see one, on so disagreable a Subject as the
last Hours and death of my little flivourite dear Jemmy
and sincerely Condole with you on the Loss of the little
Innocent Amuser, but thrice happy Babe, I am conscious
if I go on shall awaken your Paternal affection wliich I
have great reason to hope is by this time through calm
reflection and Submission to divine Providence in some
measure luU'd asleep and from the Subject of your letter
am extreamly pleased to find your resolution still strength-

S 24 Ldicrs from Letter-Book of ftlchard Ilockloj, 1 789- 1 7^2.

ens and wilhal atForcls matter of real Comfort, Solace and
Joy in the Meditation of a retired hour, free from the anx-
ious Care and hurry of a giddy AVorld, having an Eye that
is single and minding the one thing needfull a Serious and
proper reflection and Meditation on our Pardon and how
that was obtain'd through the death imd Sufferings of the
Author and Finisher of our Faith this I know woud appear
absurd to numbers of Persons who must have a ]Mathemati-
cal demonstration or else it's not consistent with their great
Wisdom and reason and would endeavour to oversett all
Internal Revelation, but these are the Men whose Heads
outrun their Hearts and passions support their Conceits
and as you very justly observe if we contend ^nthin our-
selves till all agree we may be usher 'd into Eternity before
our thoughts are placed on the proper object, but if we
believe the Gospell we must acknowledge our Spirits may
be brought to a Standard and without Enthusiasm say that
the Doctrine the great reformer M' "W. is inculcating of the
Spirit of God being felt is true, if our blessed Lords report
is true for I think he speaks to the Apostle in this wise, yet
a little while and ye see me, and yet a little while and you
see me no more which gave them much uneasiness till
he explained himself more clearly for says he, it is needfull
that I go away and send you another Comforter even the
Holy Ghost that shall lead you into all truth and yet the
Doctrine of the Spirit of God is burlesqued in an Age of
Infidelity, may you dear Sir with self and all sincere Seek-
ers be made partakers of that most blessed Witness within
us and know our Hearts and Affections to be changed and
thoroughly renovated, then ^\^ll all discord strife and Emu-
lation cease, & let come what will come neither Princi-
pality nor powers on Earth be able to shake us, nor rob us
of that peace which passeth humane Understanding is my
hearty desires and prayers. I come now to observe what
you say with respect to the Goods I left in your hands and
observe the flour was almost sold, a large quantity of bread
remaining still which I hope you \v\\\ endeavour to dispose

Litters froiii Letter-Book of JRichard HockU;!, 1739-17^3. 325

of ai? soon as possible, bread licre is vorv scarce occasioned
by tlie great quantity bespoke for by tlie Agents liere for
gup])lying tlie Xavy in Jamaica and am certain you can't
have much from hence this AVintcr, when all sold and the
Cash reced you intend to remitt the proceeds to M' Ilyam
which will do very well and hope you will be able to gett
the money for M"" Thomas T\"rights bill directly as that was
jiaid to me as ready Cash, I have wrote him a few lines
which T beg you wou'd be pleased to deliver him, I have
rcceiv'd the two waiters and am obliged to you for send*
tlierji and must beg the fovour of you to send me 6 burga-
mott Snuff boxes if you can gett them 'tis to oblige a
Gentleman here and a friend of mine or else I would not
trouble you with these trifles, and pay for the waiters and
them out of the money M' Wright shall pay you because
that is no concern of ]VP Penns who gives his Service to you
k thanks you for buying the Turtle you intended to send
if opportunity had presented.

Please to give my kind respects to M" Watson and
have sent her a few bottles of Gooseberry which I beg her
acceptance of and wishing you both what is truly desirable
I remain with much Esteem

Your most obliged fr** k well Wisher

KiCH^ Hockley.

Philada Nov' 29"^ 1740
Per Ship Friendship Cap' VettCiy

M'' Jn« Watson
B"- Sir

This is to acknowledge the receipt of yours per Cap'
Lindsey with Ace' Sales of the Bread & flour left in your
hands except five barrels of Flour and eight barrels of
bread (two of y* latter you was to have from >P Lampton
which by mistake went to his Store) more which I have an
account of and at your leisure be pleased to examine into it,
I observe what you say with regard to remitting to ^P Tho*

326 Letters from Ldtcr-Book of Richard Hochky, 1 789-17^2.

Il'jaiu wliich is well and hope shortly you may gett what is
outstanding to send with it and please to let it he mentioned
2/3 on Account of John Thomas and Eichard Penn Esq"
and onethird on my account and when you receive the
money from M' Wright which is my own be p.leased to send
the same to M' Ilyam for my particular Account. Inclosed
you have bill of Loading for a barrel of Flour and box of
Candles which hope will please amounting to £4.2,4 our
Currency the flour is extraordinary and M" AVragg bought
eighteen barrels for his own use at the same price, the
Candles come high therefore would send you but one box
on tryal if you like them and the price I can easily send
you some every fall, I am much obliged to you for your
readyness to do me any little favour, and you just mention
the burgamott Snutf boxes and that is all, not whether you
could gett any, or had sent any, and so remain just where
they are.

I heartily wish you with M" Watson much Joy of the
New Born babe, pray God to spare his Life and may he
become Xew born indeed which "will give you much peace
and Comfort, nay every Satisfaction that is truely desireable,
and may he live to pay his last Duty to you in attending
your bodys to be eutomb'd in the silent grave when old Ag&
calls you hence.

You can't think what secret satisfaction I have when I
peruse that part of your letter relating to !NP "W — d and
that you resolved by Gods help unprejudiced to search the
Scriptures and by that means become more acquainted with
his Doctrine not^^'ithstanding the Malicious shams & Opin-
ions of the World with respect to him, and as I believe you
have an high opinion of hhn, and doubt not in time please
God to spare your life it will redound to your Service and
his deserved Merit, and as I can in some measure unfold to
you the rise of that most Lifamous base report you have
heard concerning him I shall do it as brief as possible
thinking it my Duty to clear his Innocence nay every
Person that is so falsly judged and truely blameless "Mz'

Jyller:^from LdUr-Book of mchard Ilocl-k'/, 1739-174?. 327

when tlicv ^veut down to Maryland for there tlie Stcry was
brou-lit iVoni M' S— d witli M^ AV—d and two or three
more'^went up Stairs and shutt the door hi the liouse tliey
v.ut up at and S— d being gall'd in the Posteriors got one
in the room to apply a Plaister or some tallow to the place
atVectcd, and this was discover'd by a curious Servant Maid
in the house that was peeping through the keyhole and one
of a prostituted Character and Impudent to the last degree,
who some davs after their departure from thence told this
to some of ip AV— ds Enemies and so cooked up the
gtorv vou have heard, and this relation was given by some
Gentlemen of our town that went down to Maryland that
have no opinion of his sincerity, and can a.^sure meets with
no Credit here as being an open scandalous way ot uMug a
Person of his profession, I thought I would just mention
the thin- to vou as it realy is, that you might not be apt to
Imbibe Iny prejudiced Notions against him and may ven-
ture to sa/wath the Prophet of old on some misrepresenta-
tions of the Servants of God " their tongues are sett on tire
with Hell and the Poison of Asps is on their Lips etc." and
thou<'-ht it my Duty to say thus much because Love con-
strains me to defend him nor would I have you imaguie
that it proceeds from any prejudice or bigotted notions m
favour of him for I hope if I know my heart I shall tollow
no one but what follows the Lord Jesus X' in sincerity and
in truth, but lett us only enquire into Sacred Writ and see
how Christ himself and Apostles were vihhed and what
althose were to expect that woud follow the Lamb and llis,
which with regard to AP AV-d is so well express d in the
inclosed Pamphlett which I send for your Perusal that i
need not say any more on this head.

And now what shall I say concerning all this, that some-
times I am alternately o'erwhelm'd with griet and Joy,
with grief to see so sincere and young a Son of Levi so
much abused, with Joy when I reflect for what cause he
sufters and that his Master was worst used before him to
whom I pray that we may be guided out of all Lrror and

328 Letters from Letter-Book of Hichard ITockhi/, 1739-1712.

led into all truth, and not hastily nor wantonlv speak e\-il
of those things we know not, but having one single unto
X' Jesus and watching and looking for the Mark of the
Prize of our high calling D" M"' "Watson follow on your
resolution in searching the Scriptures for there's the hidden
treasure and no doubt God will bless them to you, keep
close to our Glorious Emanuel, be not ashamed of your
Glory, labour more and more after an intimate Union with
and feeling Possession of your God, till we arrive at this
we are but shadows of Xtians and remember we liave the
Sons Anek to grapple with, the strong Man armed has
taken possession of our Hearts and nothing but the Love of
God can give us victory over them and now after this short
exhortation to you pray that I may not at last be a Cast-
away nor found wanting in the ballance of the Sanctuary.
And now after presenting my kind respects to M" Watson
I shall only assure that I am with much Esteem D"" Sir
Your obliged Fr'' & hum^ Serv'

R. Hockley.

(To be continued.)

Jhc AnKTicoji Philosophical Society, 171^2-1903. 329


Address by J. G. Roscngaiten, at the annual dinner of tlio S<,x-iiiy,
April 3, 1903.

Founded in 1743 by Fmnklin and his associates, many of
them members of the Junto described so affectionately in
liis Autobiography, the American Philosopliical Society lias
had a long and honorable career. Formed on a broad
basis, it embraced the representatives of all the sciences and
of learning in the Colonies. KnoAvn to-day mainly as a
body of scientific men, it still keeps in touch with histori-
cal and literary men at home and abroad. To it in 1773
Dr. Rush presented his "Inquiry into Dreams and Sleep,"'
a curious subject on which another member, Mr. J«)1hi
Bigclow, has recently published a work, and on which still
another member, Max Midler, wrote a thoughtful letter,
printed in the second volume of his recent "Life and

« An Essay on Universal Knowledge" was rewarded by a
premium in its early days, and in 1770 there was presented
a notice of families in Lancaster County that make home-
spun; and later came a list of German immigrants from
1729 to 1789. In 1789 there was presented a bottle ot
petroleum from Oil Creek. In 1815 Fulton deposited the
model of his torpedo boat. In 1817 President (botli of
the Society and of the United States) Jefferson deposited
the original Journals and Daily Xote-Books of the Lewis
and Clarke Expedition to the Pacific, and in doing so lie
acknowledged that at Washington there was no suitable de-
pository for these valuable papers, and wrote that in the
Philosophical Society they would be useful " for the His-
torical Class."

The Historical and Literary Committee published in 1819
the first of its two volumes of " Transactions," containing

830 The American PItilosophical Sociefi/, 1743-190S.

valuable papers by Ileckev/elder and Du Ponceau on Indian
languages and on the early history of Pennsylvania. Fi on:i
that committee originated the Historical Society o'i Penn-
s^'lvania, which has since grown into- such a large and
important body, with its splendid wealth of original docu-
ments and its large library relating to the history of Penn-
sylvania. The Lewis and Clarke tield notes were used b}'
ISTicholas Biddle in preparing a popular narrative of their
expedition, but, following the fashion of the day, he made a
readable and tiowing narrative. ]N^ow,with the better sense
of the value of original sources, these notes are being-
prepared for publication under the editorial supervision of
one of the best historical scholars of the country, Mr. R.
Thwaites, of the Historical Society of Yrisconsin, and the
careful editor of the " Jesuit Relations," that storehouse of
information as to the very early geographical history of the
country. His edition of the notes will be published as part
of the centennial celebration of the first exploration of the
Rocky [Mountains and the Pacific coast. Before the Philo-
sophical Society the elder De Lesseps read a paper on the
Empire of Morocco, and later the Society encouraged the
undertaking of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal. Be-
fore the days of the Academy of Xatural Sciences it received
the reports of botanists like the Bartrams and Muhlenberg,
and their herbariums, which were finally handed over to the
Academy of jS"atural Sciences. So, too, its collection of
rare coins went to the Xumismatic Society and its archaeo-
logical cohection to the University Archceological Museum.
Before the day of agricultural and horticultural societies,
topics now discussed by them were presented and debated
in the meetings and Transactions and Proceedings of the
Philosophical Society, and papers on the English language
and kindred subjects are there preserved that woidd to-day
go to one of the numerous philological associations of the
country. Geolog-}' and geography, aerial voyages, chem-
istry, physics, astronomy, were all then subjects for papers
and discussion in the Philosophical Society, and to-day many

The American Fhi'r.sophicol Society^ VJ^S-IOOS. ZM

of the existing vigorous bodies devoted to the.-=o sul>;ect.s
still look to its publications and its library for the needed
information as to the work done by early investifjators. The
hall of the Philosophical Society stands on ground in Indo-
peudeuce Square, granted to it by the State before the IJov-
olution, and it has shared its quarters in turn with tlic Col-
lege of Philadelphia and the University of Pennsylvania,
with the College of Physicians, the Historical Society, and
the Athenanim. To-day their buildings have far outgrown
tliat of the Philosophical Society, but they still work in har-
mony, mindful of their old relations. Peale's Museum was
quartered in its hall, too, until it was moved into Independ-
ence Hall; and when it was finally moved to the Chinese
Museum, at Xinth and Sansom Streets, it was destroyed by
fire, — a great loss, for it included many rare and valual)le

Before trade and finance invaded its quiet Fifth Street
hall, part of its building was occupied by ^\v. John Vaughan,
for fifty years its Secretary, and every travelling foreigner
of distinction and every American of note was entertained
at his Sunday morning breakfasts, and a record of all the
famous men who shared his hospitality could be gathered
from such books as " The Travels of the Duke of Saxe-
Weimar" and "The Life of George Ticknor." After
Vaughan's death, Dr. Caspar Wistar, the President of the
Philosophical Society, made his Sunday evening gatherings
noteworthy, and on his death his friends perpetuated his
memory by founding the AVistar Club, of which to this day
most of the members are also members of the Philosojihieal
Society. Its Saturday evenings are always noteworthy lor
the hospitality extended to all men of science and letters.
Then, too, the name of Caspar Wistar is perpetuated in the
Wistar Museum of Comparative Anatomy of the University
of Pennsylvania, one of the most important institutions of
its kind in the country. Its President, General Isaac Wistar,
was also until recently President of the Philosophical So-
ciety, and his successor, Dr. Edgar F. Smith, is Vice-Pro-

832 The. A^ncrlcan Philosophical Society, 17i3-1003.

vost of the University, whicli is also larpfely represented in
the other otHcers of the Philosopliical Society, — in the four
Secretaries and in its Councils. So, too, the High School
and Ilaverford and 13ryn ^Tawr and S\Tarthraorc, as well as
Princeton University, have active representatives in the
Philosophical Society. From the outset the American
Philoso['hical Society was founded in honest imitation of
the Royal Society of London, and it now selects and elects
its mcmhers — resident, non-resident, and honorary — on the
same basis, so as to secure representatives of all branches ot
knowledge, and in numbers so limited — annually fifteen
American members and five foreign members — as to select
carefully the most representative men of note at home and
abroad. It is this that makes membership in the Philo-
Bophical Society an honor and distinction. It was through
Franklin, when he was in France, the representative ot
American science as well as of his country, that there
began an exchange of publications with the great French
and other European scientific bodies that is still actively
maintained. Franklin left to the Philosophical Society
nearly a hundred volumes of the Transactions of the French
Royal Institute of Science, and to these are now regularly
added the numerous volumes issued by the five French
Academies that constitute to-day the Institute of France,—
perhaps the most influential body of its kind in the world.
To the Philosophical Society came more than seventy vol-
umes of Franklin's Papers, covering his long life of varied
activity; these are now being slowly "calendared," and it
is to be hoped that means will be supplied — for the Societj-'s
income is a very small one — to have the Calendar of the
Franklin Papers ready as the contribution of the Society
to the Franklin Bi-Centennial in 1906. At its annual
meeting it was decided to invite to that celebration all the
numerous bodies, local, American, and foreign, of which
Franklin was a member. Here in Philadelphia he was the
founder of the University, of the Pennsylvania Hospital, of
the Philadelphia Library, of the first fire and insurance

The American Philosophical Sociefi/, 174S-10G3. 333

companies, and lie was honored at lionie and abroad by
decrees from many colleges and universities, and by elec-
tion to all the great scicntitlc societies. All of these will no
doubt join in doing honor to his memory. The Uiuted
States may well honor him as tlie first Postmaster, and as
liis State Papers are preserved in the Library of the Depart-
ment of State in ^Vashington, it will no doubt be repre-
sented, and will make this Bi-Centennial international and

It is surprising that this veneralde Society, the oldest
gcientific society in this country, and active and useful, has
received so little recognition in the way of gifts. The
Ma'^ellan Prize and the Michaud Fund both came from
forcitrners who knew its value, and from the former fund
a prize is still awarded, while from the Michaud Fund
money was given to defray the expense of the splendid
collection of oaks planted in Fairmount Park. The late
Henry M. Phillips founded a prize that is often awarded
ufter careful work by competent and able judges. His
nephew and namesake left a modest legacy for the library
that may be increased to a sum sufficient to be of great use.
But in all these long years of active life no benefactor has
given such an endowment as would enable the Society
to further the scientific work of its members and of the
larger world of scientific and literary students who are free
to use its publications to make their work known. It has
been thought that Andrew Carnegie, a member of the
American Philosophical Society, is so like Franklin m
many ways that he would some day endow Franklin's and
his Society ^vith a fund large enough to enable it to enlist
new recruits in the broad field covered by its purpose;
"for promoting useful knowledge" is part of its title, and
certainly both Franklin in his day and Carnegie in ours are
the men who have given the world the best example of the
best way of promoting useful knowledge.

Online LibraryJohn Collins WarrenGenealogy of Warren, with some historical sketches → online text (page 25 of 39)