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were initiated. M. Leib was anxious also to become a member, but the
active part he took in the dissolution of the democratic society was yet
fresh in recollection ; his application was postponed from time to time,
advocates for him at length increased, and he obtained admission.

" Tempora mutantur et nos mutamur cum illis.

" We before stated, that many of the Kevolutionary heroes after the
struggle with Great Britain entertained views of self-aggrandizement —
that the Society of Cincinnati, a privileged order, was erected for that
purpose— that the Society of St. Tammany was instituted in Xew York,
to antagonize the aristocratical effect of the Society of Cincinnati — that
upon the suppression of popular societies in Pennsylvania, the New York
Society of St. Tammany enlarged themselves by an affiliation in this state
— that as long as there wjis an external foe, the good effect of this affilia-
tion was evident, notwithstanding the necessity of conclave and mystery.

" As soon as the necessity of conclave and mystery ceased, upon the
establishment of equal political rights, the Tammany Society became a
pest to the community, serving only as the engine of individual aggran-
dizement ; this will appear in the sequel.

" In '94, the members of the Democratic Society were forced to dis-



Freeman's Journal, April 10, 1805.



il .■•■•■<('



44 Society of the Sons of Saiut Tahimaiuj of Philadelphia.

solve that body, from a certainty that their every movement was
watched, and that the most trivial step savoring of opposition to the ad-
ministration, whether such as granted by the great charter of the con-
stitution, or as usurped by them, would be made as a handle for perse-
cution and destruction. Such was the temper of the times, that an open
expression of private sentiment was frequently considered as bordering
upon treason — these times have passed — may tHey never again recur.

"The election of '99, the memorable victory which placed our
patriot M'Kean in the first station in this commonwealth, fixed the
finends of equal political rights on vantage groimd. After that im-
portant era, alas now forgotten by men who owe their present prosper-
ity to the victory, no danger was to be apprehended as to personal
safety from British intrigue, for the grand promoters of it were irrevocably
defeated in this state. The Society of Cincinnati now no longer excited
emotions of fear in the republican breast ; for though not arrived at the
age of puberty, she was already paralised by second childhood.

"The Society of Tammany was now only to be feared. From the
necessity of self preservation, the members had resorted to secrecy ; and
in the progress of the association, the Society had embraced at least 500
members — all bound together by the same ties — all engaged to support
the same cause — the avowed cause of republicanism. What a derelic-
tion from their professions, what a contrast have their late proceedings
evinced? The republicans have become victorious, no dangers remain
to their cause but in the misapplied energies of that very association
which had added certainty to their united efforts. The Tammany So-
ciety alone, having no external enemy to overturn, and aided by its
secret forms, was destined to become a scourge of the people.

"An avowed political society, nurtured in secrecy, must in times ot
prosperity be in constant danger of the secret management of cunning
and factious members. The Tammany Society is led by these men ;
and the natural consequences of such associations, led by such men and
in similar times, have marked the fate of the Columbian Order.

"It has been observed, that the exigencies of the times forced the
association. Democratic citizens were collected from every quarter of
the state to assist in its views. The energies of the original sons of
Tammany were not exerted without effect — the external foe was over-
come. The defeat was so decisive that even the wavering were inspired
with confidence. Had the unnatural forms of the institution been laid
aside — forms which were caused by a depraved state of society — had
they been dismissed when their baleful causes were exterminated, all
had yet been well. But they were still retained — the spirit which gave
the zest to the meetings no longer was called forth. The Society re-
mained without a definite object. At this time, had the sons of Tam-
many adjourned sine die, much credit would have been saved to them



'^ 'v-



th



Society of the Sms of Soint Tammany of Philadelphia. 45

and much anxiety to the people — for the votaries of mummery and
empty fame would not have had the opportunity of casting a ridiculous
shade upon the institution, nor could they, as they have since done,
made it an engine for the oppression of their fellow citizens.

"Nothing now remained but a stupid mummery, disgusting to men
of rertection, and directed by a political mountebank, whose poisonous
dnig-? have only been transferred from the bodies to the minds of his
fellow citizens. The men of sense and discernment gradually dropped
off, and but a select few remained to offer the homage of their high con-
sideration to their new Deity at the ' going down of the sun.' Indeed,
to the reflecting mind, the sun of the society appeared to be set, for
txery semblance of consistency had been banished by the factious few
who were working their own aggrandizement upon the former credit,
and by means of the magnitude of the affiliation. It was now not
nec«^-»in-' to be an American to become a son of Tammany, for the
mastic yell of the wiskinky, so savage was it, could convert the sons of
Krin into Aborigines of the American wilds, though the sun of America
had not yet warmed them to their hearts. Patriots who had avowedly
fled their native soil to find safety in this, and who proposed to return to
their homes when it should no longer be a hanging matter, were, by the
virtue of the tomahawk, dubb'd savages of the first order. — Men who
could not, under our laws, be citizens for years, readily found seats in
this honourable body, where the influence over the elective franchise has
been greater than in any other known association in this country. In-
stances of rejected applicants may have occurred ; but when they did,
the rejected candidate merited his fate. In these cases, indeed, the
blackballs were not idle, though the greatest man in the society may
have been the brother and advocate of the candidate. Thus far, a la
Duane, we give the devil his due.

" We now find the order assuming quite new features and the descend-
ants of Kilbuck conversing in a transatlantic tongue. A learned
stranger would not have been esteemed ridiculous, if, upon initiation in
this body, he had pronounced, that the ancient language of Ireland was
that of the aborigines of America.

"We have no intention to reflect upon the Irish as a nation — we
sympathize with them as an oppressed and esteem them as a brave peo-
ple ; but we take the liberty of feeling as national as themselves ; and
though on proper occasions we would not hesitate to join the hands of
St. Patrick and St. Tammany, yet we feel a conscious rectitude, when
we aver, that no one man can, at the same time, be of both families.
There can be no solid objection against an association of citizens of differ-
ent nations, if their views are ought besides political ; but considering
politics to be the main spring of the St. Tammany Society, it was highly
improper to admit aliens. No circumstance can place this position on



46 Soeiety of the Sons of Saint Tammany of Philaddphia.

higher grounds than a retrospect of some recent transactions of this
formidable body.

' * We have already stated, that many of the founders of this associa-
tion had discontinued to meet their brethren. These were men of tried
republicanism, prominent in the democratic cause, and who having at-
tained the re-establishment of civil liberty, became disgusted with the
puerile forms of the institution. This desertion was not unheeded by
our malevolent and active demagogues. The new Grand Sachem who
had been trimming and twisting in the Democratic Society in '94, and
who had joined the Columbian Order but in a tardy way, now thought
the time propitious for his talent of intrigue. At a meeting composed
of his minions, whose introduction into the society had been his con-
stant care, behold him appointed Grand Sachem. One step to aggran-
dizement wa5 thus obtained, if the suffrages of the friends of such a man
can possibly be matter of exultation. The political influence of this
situation was great, and particularly with the democrats who were not
fully apprised of the moral character of the Grand Sachem — and though
the modesty of this exalted officer may never have permitted him openly
to apply this influence to his own private advantage, this policy was not
80 strictly followed by his own friends. — Prominent in moral, prominent
in social virtues, the intrigues of the debased society made him still
more prominent, by raising him to the scafibld near the place, on the
day, and at the hour, usual for the punishment of capital offenders.
That the 12th of May should have occurred on Saturday was truly un-
fortunate ; but that at one o'clock the scaflbld and the centre square
should have been pitched upon by the officious friends of the Grand
Sachem is really lamentable. — Elevations on that day of the week, time
and place, have frequently been the rewards of equal merit.

" But how did he become orator of the day, who was so meritoriously
despised by his fellow citizens ? By intrigue ! Dr. Porter was openly
appointed. But this would not tally with the intentions of the Grand
Sachem. — Dr. Porter was duped or overawed, and yielded to the hero
of the scaflTold. The advocate of those scaffolds with which the Aurora
now threatens the community."

The other side ot the story, that of the Philadelphia
Tammany Society or Columbian Order, is as follows :

'■'- Extract from History of the Society}
"The virtues of the generous Indian chief pointed him out as a fit
patron to a body of sturdy Whigs, who, during the Revolution, asso-
ciated to commune over the affairs of their country and to enjoy a cheery



Aurora, May 14, 1808.



&cie(y of the Sons of Snint Tammau>/ of Philadelphia. 47

hour amidst the horrors of British desolation, and 'from this fountain
eprung forth many waters ;' after the Revohition, the association was
|)rc*er\-ed to commemorate what it had been originally instituted to
cherish and sustain and had nearly vanished with the spirits of those
who went to join the great spirit; but successive vicissitudes — the occu-
pation of the we;stern posts — the British depredations, and the treaty
intrigues of 1793-4 — the reign of terror in 1797 — and the disorders
frlirred up in this state by men 'between whom there were but slight
shades of difference,' at the period of the Louisiana purchase — from
time to time, by awakening apprehension, have successively contributed
U> kf-ep this society constantly organized, a body of vigilant, steadfast,
and faithuil public watchmen. This society has, in fact, been the prin-
cipal rallying point of republicanism through the political storms of past
Tears — and on Thursday, perhaps, exhibited, for number and character,
SA respectable and independent a body of men as can be found in any
part of the union," etc.

It is true that some of the members of the Sons of Saint
Tammany entered this political organization, as can be seen
from the following notice. It is also well to note that our
Edward Pole had risen to high estate in it. TVe can see in
this notice, as well as in previous facts that we have given,
that the society of -wliich we have ^vritten met its death
from that serpent, Politics, which kills all patriotic or social
organizations into which it is allowed to crawl.

'•Philadelphia*

" Tammany Society Orders.
" Information having been received by the Fathers of the Council ol
the Tammany Society or Columbian Order of the death of our late
Cither William Coates, you brothers Leinan, Thos. F. Peters, John
Meer, Benj. Nones, and Thos. P. Jones are hereby appointed a com-
mittee of arrangements &c.

" Edward Fole, father of the Council."

As Philadelphia is known through the length and breadth
of this broad land as the Birthplace of Liberty, it has been
our desire to show that here also was born the first patriotic
and social organization in the country, the Sons of Saint

* Aurora, April 29, 1802.



n



i^-.J^JH iL



48 Society of the Sons of Saint Tanonany of Philadelphia.

Tammany, about which so little was known either of the
Society or its Patron Saint. We believe we have established
our claim in the foregoing, and we trust that this article will
be the means of bringing forth from hidden nooks more
data to enrich the history of good old Saint Tammany and
his merry and patriotic sons.



Aw;- 1^-

Nov "15.

■1 Jvav. i'5.






1774.


Sept.


12.


1775.


April


12.




Sept.


27.


1776.


May


13.



50 Excerpts from the Day-Books of David Ecans. 49



exceepts fro.m the day-books of dayid evaxs,
cabixet-:makee, Philadelphia, 1774-1811.

[David Evans, for many years the leading cabinet-maker of Phila-
delpliia, in 1791 removed from Cherry "Alley," between Third and Fourth
Streets, to a new building he erected on part of the lot on Arch Street
on which stands the Arch Street Theatre. His Day-Books, covering the
years 1774—1811, recently presented to the Historical Society of Penn-
sylvania, contain many interesting entries, and tell us of the various
articles of furniture made for our ancestors, as well as the styles of coffins
used at their burials. The manufacture of Venetian blinds was also
an important branch of his business.]

Clement Biddle, 1 Mahogany Sofa, £5. '^

Adam Hubley, 1 Pembroke Table, £3.6.
Thomas Lawrence, 1 Breakfast Table, £3.
I moved into James Watkin's house ; on Aug. 11, he
went to Europe.
July 20. United States of America, 161 sets of Tent Poles 4/6
each; Capt. Francis "Wade, 4 Camp chairs. Tent
poles and pins.
Aug. 12. Charles Thomson, a Reading Desk for Congress, £1.5.
Nov. 29. Making Benches for the Jew Synagogue.
1777. Jany. 16. Ornamenting Brig. Gen. Mercer's Coffin with plate
and handles and attendance at funeral, £5.
April 14. Richard Peters, 1 large Chest, £7.3.
April 20. Zachariah Brant, my apprentice, enlisted in Capt.
Henderson's Company, 9'^ Battalion Col. Anthony
Morris, without my consent.
May 12. John Justice absconded from my shop and entered the
army as Ensign of 11'" Battalion, without my appro-
bation.
Charles Thomson, 1 large writing Table, £2.1.3.
The British army marched into the city.
A very hesLVj battle at Gemiantown.
Lieut. [Fred. W"] Hoysted 64"^ Regt., making a box

for camp equipage.
Henry Hill, making Mahogany Sideboard, 4 ft. 6 in.

long.
Estate George Ross, Esq', ilahogany Coffin, inscrip-
tion plate, handles & case, £175. (Cont. cy.)

VOL. xxvir. — 4





July


4.




Sept.


26.




Oct.


4.


1778,


.Feb.


26.


1779


. May


1.




July


14.



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50



Excerpts from the Day-Boohs of David Evans.



June


14.


July


19.


Dec.


29.



1780. Feb. 11. This day Isaac Bell dug on the Commons a con-

siderable depth, by order of David Eittenhouse and
D"" William Smith, and found frost at 3 ft 7J inches
below surface. This "Winter is allowed to be by
• • ' ■* - '•>' many people the hardest ever known, and as severe
as the hard winter of forty years ago.
Sept 7. Estate William Allen, late Chief Justice, making his
Coffin of Mahogany, with plate, horse hire, and
attendance on the corpse ft-om Mount Airy, £13.

1781. May 12. Library Co. of Philadelphia, making and staining a

frame.
Tench Coxe, high-post bedstead and Walnut Bureau.
Capt. Audubon, making a hotise for his squirrels.
Tench Coxe, making 10 Gothic back Chairs, 1 Dining

Table 4 ft., 1 Dining Table 3 ft., 1 sideboard 4 ft.,

1 Card Table, 2 Poplar Bedsteads, 1 Knife box, 1
l':'.i' J.i'.c 'i '■■■ plate-tray, 1 Mahogany bedstead, fluted posts, 2

Pine Kitchen tables.
"82. April 5. Estate Samuel Morris, making his coffin of Mahogany

with handles.
State Lotter*', making 6 boxes.
Dr. Bass making a Walnut Medicine Chest, £5.12.
Henry Pratt, making a writing desk, folding top, £6.
Ordered by Michael Gratz, small planed boards, on

which to make cakes for the Passover for Jewish

congregation.
June 4. Estate Gen. J. Philip DeHaas, making a mahogany

coffin and case for deceased, £11.
Made a sign for a man at comer Market and Sixth

street — the sign of ye Greyhound.
Hon. John Penn, making a Walnut Cofiin for Sabina

Francis, a servant of his uncle Thomas Penn late

Proprietor, £6.
Gen. D. Brodhead, making Mahogany Coffin for wife,

£8.10.
Edward Burd, 2 Mahogany Card Tables.
William Lucas, making Mahogany clock case, with

fluted comers.
June 28. Joseph Cmkshank, Mahogany Dining Table, claw-
feet, £5.10.
Aug. 12. Made a coffin for William Churchill Houston Esq.,

of Trenton, who died at Geiss's Tavern on Frank-
ford road.



"85. April


4.


Sn. Jany.


9.


Jany.


24.


April


8.



1787. May


27.


Sept


4.


1788. Feb.


16.


April
May


4.
31.



vanii/'fLEfa -t



yALf.



T


.^i


jnjt


T




.:r><:i



Vlln;::.!',;:^ H.-. nfftO'. ,-H. V'i'^f^i^J



;-:q .-.






Excerpts from the Day-Books of David Evans. 51

1788. Sept. 1. Estate James Allen, to making a Mahogany Coffin
. . ,;;;, . ,.; , for tlie deceased, with inscription plate and handles ;

ordered by his grandfather Thomas Lawrence Esq.,
£8.

1789. June 29. Dr. Ewing, making a large Mahogany clock case for

the University of Pennsylvania, £11.
Oct. 15. Estate John Lukens (Sur\-eyor General), making a

Mahogany Coffin and handles for deceased, £8.10.

N, B. This coffin was 2 ft. 3 in. over the shoulders.
Nov. 26. This morning a fire broke out next door to the Lunch

of Grapes, in Third street near Arch — consumed

the house in which were eight persons, five <>f

^ : ,. whom got out, and three, the widow Preston and

X,.,: her two sons were burned before assistance could be

given. Making a coffin for the three remains found

in ruins £1.17.6, abated 15/.
17l»0. June 18. Making 6 Venetian Blinds for Alderman's Rooni at

new Court House, £27.
Sept, 16. D' George de Benneville, 1 Bureau-table, £3.15.
Dec. 8. State of Pennsylvania, making a new blind for

Senate Chamber in the State House, £5.
Dec. 9. Philadelphia County Commissioners — 6 Venetian

Blinds for Congress, with plain fronts in Senate

Chamber and Committee Rooms in Count}^ Court

House at £4.10 each — 9 do. for Arch windows

down stairs in the House of Eepresentatives of U.

S. at £6. each. Lengthning 5 Blinds, 3 tossils
J etc., £2. 50 spitting boxes for Congress, £6.5.

Dec. 15. Made a blind for office Secretary of Congress, in the

"West wing of the State House, £2. 5.
Dec. 31. State of Pennsylvania, to making a ^lace for the Ser-
geant of Arms of the Senate, £4.10.
1791. Jany. 15. Jonathan Dickinson Sergeant, 1 Walnut Cupboard, 1

Mahogany Arm chair, 1 bedstead painted green.
Feby. 8. David Eittenhouse, 1 chair, £6.
July 12. State of Pennsylvania, repairing 2 Ven. Blinds in

the Supreme Court Eoom, by order of the Judges,

£3.10.
Oct. 31. John Adams, Vice President, 2 Mahogany boards to

fix Clusters; repairing Mahogany Dining Table

£10.1.
[On November 9 David Evans moved from Cheriy

Street to the house he erected on the north side



■i^^ V.rij^(\. Va -■>^



.0;: •)<:( r. .'■f^'i






,1:; •,.:.? -:i

.0 . v>« I .



■ynQ



52 Excerpts from the Day-Boohs of David Evavs.



of Arch Street, above Sixth, now the site of the
Arch Street Theatre.]

1791. Dec. 9. Bank of the United States — making a clock case for

the Directors' Room, £4.

1792. April 18. Spanish ^linlster, repairing a Card-table,

May 5. Adam Hoopes, making 8 cases for Surveying instru-
ments, for use in the Genesse country.
May 21. Gen. Knox, making boxes, paintmg slats, and Blinds
for the War Office of U. S., £24.

Mathew Clarkson, making 2 Venetian Blinds, £4.10.

Estate Col. Richard Fullerton, making deceased a
coffin covered with cloth, lined, inscription plates
and handles, £14. He was bom July 4, 1757.

Samuel Settle, 1 :Mahogany Card table, £3.10.

Estiite Thomas Riche, Lacing in best manner, full
trim'd, with inscription plate, Cherrubs &c. for
coffin of deceased, £4.

Mr. Randolph, Attorney General U. S., making a
coffin for hLs black servant, £2.5.

Stephen Page, Mahogany coffin, Inscription plate,
Flower-pots, handles, for his wife, £8.10. .

John Nixon, repairing 14 Chairs, £2.2.

[Jany. 29. This is the first Winter-like day this
season — it snows and is ver\- cold. The Winter
heretofore has been much like April. There was a
Shad caught in the Schuylkill about the 16th of
this month, which was cooked at Erwin's public
house on ilarket street.]

Daniel Rundle, making a Coffin for his vrife Ann
Rundle, covered with Black Cloth, lined with
white Flannel, Inscription plate, Flower pots and
Cherrubs, Handles, and full laced, £15.
March 19. Died at his place 7 miles from the city Dr. George
De Benneville Senior. He was born in France
1703, and Lived from the youthful time of his life
until his last hour, an exemplary, religious life, and
was buried in his family burial ground March 24,
1793, aged 91 years.

Estate Dr. George De Benneville Sr, making a Wal-
nut Coffin and ca.se, £5.10.
March 26. This night the frogs began to croak.
June 2. United States, sundry work done at Treasury Office,
£8.7.6.



June
June


5.
16.


Aug.
Nov.


11.
6.


Nov.


20.


Dec.


26.


793. Jany.


8.




F>




F^


March 7.



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Excerpts from the Day-Books of David Evans. 53

1793. July 12. Estate Joseph Shippen, making a Mahogany Coffin
for deceased with Breastplate and Handles, £8.10.

Aug. 9. Bank of Pennsylvania, 6 Blinds for windows, £25.

Sept. 6. Estate Dr. James Hutchinson, making a Mahogany
Coffin for deceiised, £7.10.

Sept. 11. Estate of my brother Richard Gardner, a Walnut
Coffin, £3. He died of Yellow Fever. Was a
Clerk in the Bank of Pennsylvania and an admi-
rable accountant. Buried in Friends' Ground.

Oct 13. My family, consisting of myself, my wife and five
children, Anne, Sally, Rebecca, John and Eleanor,
(my son Evan went there a few weeks before), went
to Dr. George De BennevUle's, near the city, where
we were kindly received and remained three weeks,
while the phigue raged in the city.

Nov. 11. This day opened my shop, which has been closed
about two weeks owing to epidemic fever.

Nov. 29. County Commissioners of Philadelphia, Repairing
Blinds of Senate Chamber and Congress Hall, £8.

Dec. 2. United States, cleaning Chairs, Tables and Furniture
in Congress Hall, £9.

1796. Jany. 16. United States of America, making Platform in Con-
gress Hall larger and hanging 2 Doors, £3.15.

Feby. 4. Estate Jane Chevalier, making for deceased a Mahog-
any Coffin, with Inscription plate, Handles, Cher-
rubs &c., £10.

Feby. 19. Postmaster General, making Book case for his office,
£5.12.6.

April 80. Col. Richard Graham of Virginia — making for de-
ceased a Mahogany Coffin, with plate, flower pots
and Cherrubs, £15.

Aug, 19. Estate John Foulke M.D. making deceased a Mahog-
any Coffin with Silver handles, £8.10.

Sept 16. Anthony Morris, making a Mahogany Coffin for his
daughter Deborah, £8.10.

1797. July 14. Estate Caleb Emlen — making deceased a Mahogany

Coffin with silver Handles, £8.10.
Nov. 1. On Sept 6, I left the City and went to Bristol town-
ship with my family, and returned this evening.
Resided at Roberts's school house, while Fever was
in the city.

1798. March 5. Estate Col. Adam Hubley — making a Mahogany Cof-

fin, with plate and Handles, £10.10.



54 Excei'pts from the Day-Books of Durid Evans.

1798. Aug. 2. Estate Col. Innes — making him Mahogany Coffin,



Online LibraryJohn Collins WarrenGenealogy of Warren, with some historical sketches → online text (page 4 of 39)