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matrix is soft and easily removable, the core will not be hard.
Such matters are only to be learned by experiment. Some speci-
mens explode when heated ; this has happened with some pbos-
phatized fossils, and with RhynchotiellcB from the white tufa of
WUrttemberg. The loss among the latter from this cause was very
considerable ; but when the operation was successfnl the results
were very interesting ; the deep muscle-scars showing on the
cores as raised lumps near the umbo are striking features.

Experience seems to show that in all cases the application of
heat should be steady and gentle. If too fierce a flame be used,
the tests do not seem to separate so readily from the core.
Perhaps this is due to some sort of fusion taking place.

Thame, Oxon, England.

6. Virginia Geological JSurvet/ ; Thomas L. Watson,
Director, bulletin No, I Vy The Physiographi/ and Geology of
the Coastal Plain Province of Virginia; by W. B. Clark and
B. LeRoy Miller ; with, chapters on the Lower Cretaceous by
Edw. W. Berry and the Economic Geology by T. L. Watson.
Pp. 274 ; plates I~XIX. Charlottesville, 1912. — Nearly twenty
years' study of the Virginia Coastal Plain by Professor Clark,
supplemented by detailed field work carried on in recent years by
Professor Miller and by investigations of Dr. Twitchell, Mr.
Berry, Mr. Vaughn, and others, has resulted in a very satisfactory
interpretation of the physiography and geology of this province.
Bulletin IV is, therefore, likely to become a standard reference
text for the study of surface features, structure and stratigraphy
of the entire Coastal Plains province from New York to Florida.
The present report contains a descriptive bibliography of papers
published between 1783 and 1911, a chapter on physiography
(pp. 13-59), chapters on geology, including numerous sections,
fossil lists, correlation and geological history of Cretaceous, Ter-
tiary and Quaternary (pp. 59-222), and a chapter on Economic
products (pp. 223-202). H. E. g.

7. West Virffiiiia Geological Survey ; by I. C.White, State
Geologist. Report o?i Jackson ^ Mason and Putnam Counties /
by Charles E. Krebs. 1911. Pp. xiv, 387 ; 3 maps, 31 plates,
5 sketches. Wheeling, 1911. — Consistent with the plan adopted
by the West Virginia Survey, particular attention has been given



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Geology, 595

in the Jackson-Mason-Putnam county reports to features of eco-
nomic interest. The chapter on soils (pp. 297-354) is sufficiently
detailed to be of direct use to agriculturists ; numerous oil and
gas well records are given (pp. 200-246) and coal resources are
studied in detail both as regards geological occurrence and the
present state of the industry. In this connection the contour
map of the surface of the Pittsburg Coal is of special interest.
The geological map exhibits in a striking way the abandoned
Teays valley and its relations to the Kanawha and Ohio valleys.

H. B. 6.

8. Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey ; E.
A. BiRGE, Director. Bulletin No, XXI V, Soil Series No. 1.
1911. Heconnoissance Soil Survey of Marinette County, by
Samuel Weidman and Percy O. Wood. Pp. 44 ; 1 map, 4
plates, 1 figure. — In common with Bulletin XXXIII" (this Jour-
nal, xxxiii, 382), the Soil Survey of Marinette county contains
interesting geographic material, as well as data and recommenda-
tions of special interest to agriculturists. h. e. g.

9. Building Stones and Clays: their Origin, Characters and
Examination ; by Edwin C. Eckel. Pp. 264 ; 37 figures. New
York, 1912 (John Wiley & Sons). — Most texts on economic
geology include, with the strictly economic discussions, consider-
able matter better presented in standard texts covering a wider
range of topics. The present book retains this characteristic of
its class, and although designed to be of direct use to stone- and
clay- working interests, yet several chapters in it might well form
part of a general text-book for classes in elementary geology.
Mr. Eckel has, however, succeeded better than most writers in
separating "practical" discussions from matters of scientific
interest, even calling attention to the^uselessness of chemical
analyses as tests for certain structural materials. The most dis-
tinctive features of the book, — the parts which amply justify its
existence — are chaptere on Field Examination and Valuation of
Stone Properties, the Laboratory Testing of Stone, and Field
Examination of Clay Properties. Rather full lists of references
are given, — lists which would be of more use if classified accord-
ing to quality or method of treatment. The object of including
many pages of statistics of production for 1909 is not apparent.

H. E. G.

10. Mineralogy ; by F. H. Hatch. Fourth Edition. Pp.253;
124 illustrations. London and New York (Whittaker & Co.,
1912). — In this fourth edition the author has rewritten and en-
larged the volume first issued in 1892. The subject is briefly but
clearly presented, the species described being, first, those impor-
tant in rock formation; second, the ores of the prominent metals;
third, the salts and useful minerals other than ores; fourth, gems.
The introductory chapters discuss the general morphological,
physical, and chemical properties of minerals.



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596 Seiefitific Intelligence.



III. Miscellaneous Scientific Intelligence.

1. Annah of the Association of American Geographers ;
edited by R. E. Dodge. Vol. I, 1911, pp. 1-164, with figures and
plates. — The Association of American Geographers, organized in
1904, has now inaugurated a publication policy one of whose re-
sults is the above volume. It is proposed to publish from time to
time certain of the most important papers presented at the annual
meetings, and since the society is the only geographical organi-
zation which makes achievement in research a condition of
membership, the Annals of the Association should be of unusual
interest and value. The present volume is of special importance
to librarians and geographers, for it contains titles and abstracts
of all papers presented to the society (1904-1910 inclusive) and
heretofore not published or published in variable form in different
journals.

Under the circumstances, certain features of the make-up
deserve attention. We note with satisfaction the quarto size of
the volume which permits the presentation of large-scale maps,
sketches, and photographs and a dignified text-page. Everyone
agrees that octavo size is perhaps a little more convenient, a fact
that has begotten a school of extremists who will not have quartos
under any circumstances. Foot-note references are another praise-
worthy feature. The inconvenience of reference from page to
notes at the end of a volume and back again is so great that there
seems to be no compensating advantage in their separation. The
time has passed when this can be called a difference of opinion ;
it is the difference between good and bad judgment.

The papers in Volume I are well chosen and represent some-
thing of the range of modern geography : " The Causes of
Vegetational Cycles" (Cowles) ; " The Colorado or Front Range :
A Study in Physiographic Presentation" (Davis) ; " Geography
in the Development of the Alaska Coal Deposits " (Brooks) ;
"A Geographic Study of Mesa Verde" (Atwood). Cowles' paper.
18 not only a model in clear scientific writing but also a revelation
to many of the value of geography in ecological research. As
indicated by the sub-title, the second paper is concerned prima-
rily with form in physiographic writing" and embodies in final
form the ideas presented in Professor Davis' recent papers on
this subject together with certain new features as to method. It
is an extraordinaril}' useful and brilliant essay that, we venture
to say, will be as eagerly read a hundred years hence as now.
Brooks' paper is a closely organized study in the economic geog-
raphy of the Alaskan coal fields. Atwood discusses the origin of
Mesa Verde and the relation of its physiographic character to the
homes and activities of the Cliff Dwellers. i. b.

2. Annual Report of the Director of the Field Museum of
Natural History^ Frederick J. V. Skiff, for the year 1911.
Report series, vol. IV, No. 2 ; pp. 101-182, plates XVII-XXIX.
Chicago, January, 1912. — The Annual Report by Dr. Skiff states
that the past year has been an important one for the Field



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Miscellaneous Intelligence. 597

Museum of Natural History in Chicago, since the site for a new
building in Jackson Park has been accepted by the trustees.
Further, the plans for the new building in all their details have
been completed and approved, and the articles of specification for
the contracts also drawn up. This represents the results of sir
years' work, and when the transfer is accomplished, the collec-
tions will have a permanent and safe home. The Museum has
been active, not only in extending its collections and developing its
exhibits,as detailed and illustrated in thisReport,butal80 in various
expeditions to distant points. There are here included the Meek
expedition to Panama and the Osgood expedition to Venezuela.
Further, Dr. B. Laufer, after an absence of three years in the far
East, has returned bringing upwards of 10,000 ethnological speci-
mens from Tibet and China ; this collection is now being installed,
and a Museum publication on jade, by Dr. Laufer, is promised.
A botanical expedition has also been under way, since last
August, in the northern tropics and the far East.

It is also announced that a contribution of $250,000 has been
made by Mr. Norman W. Harris for the extension of the work of
the Museum into the public schools of Chicago. The total sum
expended in the year for the maintenance of the Museum amounted
to $150,000, to which must be added about $50,000 more for
cases, expeditions and collections.

3. The Science Reports of the Tdhoku Imperial University^
Sendaiy Japan, Vol. I, No. I ; pp. 1-66 with 8 plates. — The Uni-
versity at Sendai, Japan, has recently established a series of
Science Reports, of which No. 1 is now ai; hand. Professor
Hayashi, the librarian of the University, is head of the publica-
tion committee and communications in regard to the publications
should be sent to him. To the present number he contributes
two mathematical articles, and m addition there is a paper
(pp. 1-42), by Professor K. Honda on the thermo-magnetic
properties of the elements. This investigation has been extended
to 43 of the 81 elements, and the results are given in full, with
the aid of six plates. The oxidation of aniline III is discussed by
K. Majima, and a brief paper on the secondary undulations of
the Canadian tides, by K. Honda and W. Bell Dawson, closes
the number.

4. Fourth Report of the Wellcome Tropical Research Labora-
tories at the Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum; Andrew
Balfoub, Director. Vol. B, General Science. Pp. 334, with
numerous maps, illustrations, and colored plates. Department
of Education, Sudan Government, Khartoum, 1911. — The March
issue of this Journal (p. 294) contained a notice of the medical
volume of this report. The companion volume on general sci-
ence contains some sixteen fully illustrated articles on a variety
of topics, written by members of the staff and other specialists.
The principal papers discuss the chemical analyses of soils and
products ; gum production ; insects injurious to man, animals, and
crops ; birds ; scorpions ; snakes ; protozoa ; gold mining ; tribal
customs ; and municipal engineering. w. r. c.

Am. Jouk. Sci.— Fourth Sbribs, Vol. XXXIII, No. 198.— Junk, 1912.
39



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598 Scientific lnf>dligence.

6. The Liffi and Love of the Insect ; by J. Henri Fabre ;
translated by Alexander Teixeira de Mattos. Pp. x, 262,
with 12 plates. London, 1911 (Adam and Charles Black). —
English readers who are unfamiliar with the French language
and who have a taste for natural history stories will appreciate
the translation of this volume of essays selected from the volu-
minous writings of this '' Insect's Homer," as the author has been
called. In the keenness of the observations described and the
vividness of the language used the ten or more volumes of Sou-
venirs Entomologiques are unequaled by any scientific production
of recent years. The stories of the life and love of the insect are
made to possess an interest to the sympathetic reader fully equal
to that of an imaginative novel, and yet each statement rests
upon the actual observation of the writer.

This little volume consists of eighteen essays, of which ten
describe the natural history of various species of elsewhere
prosaic dun^-beetles, the remaining chapters dealing with wasps,
bees, weevils, and scorpions. The translation has been well
done. w. r. c.

6. The JEkolution of Animal Intelligence ; by S. J. Holmes.
Pp. V, 296, with 18 figures. New York, 1911 (Henry Holt &
Company). — The subject of animal behavior and mtelligence has
been one of the latest of the biological studies to receive sufficient
attention to be classed as a science. The writer of the present
book has done good service in presenting the subject in the stage
of development which the study has now reached. One quickly
notes the experimental attitude of the observer free from preju-
dice in place of the older anthropomorphic explanation of an
animal's behavior.

In his treatment ot the subject the writer first discusses
simple reflexes and tropisms and the behavior of the protozoa.
Then follow chapters on instincts and modifications of behavior,
pleasure, pain, and the beginning of intelligence, leading finally
to the mental life of monkeys. It may be of interest to note that
the author assumes that the step from simple instincts to the
formation of associations by experience, that is, intelligence, has
been taken many times in the course of evolution. He considers
the Crustacea and mollusks as the lowest phyla of animals in
which intelligence can be satisfactorily demonstrated, w. r. c.

Obituary.

Professor P. N. Lebedbw, the Russian physicist, died in March
last.

Professor Auguste Topler of Dresden, the inventor of the
Topler mercury pump, died in March at the age of seventy-six
years.

Professor Edward Divers, from 1873 to 1899 Professor of
Chemistry in the Imperial University, Japan, died on March 8 in
his seventy-fifth year.

Mr. George Borup, a member of the Peary North Pole Expe-
dition and himself planning, with Donald B. MacMillan, an
expedition to Crocker Land the coming summer, lost his life by
drowning on April 28.



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INDEX TO VOLUME XXXIIL*



Abbot, C. G., The Sun, 61.

Academy, National, meeting at Wash-
ington, 518.

Adams, L. H., standard scale of
temperatures, 584.

Alabama geol. surrey, 64.

Alaska, Mt. McKinley region. Brooks
and Prindle, 161.

Allegheny Observatory, 886.

Allen, E. T., mineral sulphides of
iron, 169.

American Geographers, Annals, 596.

Animal Intelligence, Holmes, 598;
Thomdike, 70.

Appleton*s Scientific Primers, Qreen,
72.

Arctic seas, state of ice in, 882.

Atlas, des Formes du Relief terres-
tre, 163.

Atomic weights, International Com-
mittee on, 279.

Aurora Borealis, ravs producing,
Vegard, 501.

Australia, Physiographic Aspects,
Tavlor. 289.



B



Bacteriology, Heineman, 71.

Bain, H. Foster, Ore Deposits, 292.

Barss, W. R., measurements of
radio-activity, 546.

Barus, C, rate of decay of nuclei,
107 ; displacement interferometer,
109.

Batteries, Storage, Morse, 380.

Bauer, L. A., Hecker on ocean grav-
ity observations, 245.

Bergen, J. Y., Botany, 164.

Bingham, H., pre-historlc human
remains at Cuzco, Peru, 297.

Blaker, E., Physics, 380.

Blow, pressure of, Hopkinson, 501.

Botanical notes. New Zealand, As-
ton, 163.

Botany, Practical, Bergen and Cald-
well, 164; Andrews, 164.



Bowen, N. L., composition of nephe-

lite, 49 ; the nephelite-anorthite

system, 551.
Bowie, W., gravity anomalies and

geologic formation in the United

States, 237.
Bowman, I., geologic relations of the

Cu2co remains, «S06.
Bradley, W. M., composition of

analcite, 433 ; of nephelite, 439.
Branner, J. C., hydrocarbon from

Brazil, 25.
Brazil, hydrocarbon from Bahia,

Branner, 25.
Bronson, H. L., deposit of radium in

electric field, 483.
Brush, George J., obituary notice,

296, 889.
Building Stones and Clays, Eckel. 595.
Burbank, J. E., microseismic motion,

470; microseisms caused by frost

action, 474.



Calculus, Granville, 386.
Caldwell, O. W., Botany, 164.
Cameron, F. K., Soil Solution, 512.
Canada, Geol. Survey publications,

289.
Carnegie Foundation, 6th annual

report, 514.
— Institution of Washington, Year

Book No. 10, 384 ; publications,

384.
Case, E. C, reptilian skulls, 339.
Castle, W. E., Heredity in relation

to Evolution, 70.
Chemical Analysis, Quantitative,

Clowes and Coleman, 157.

ultra-filtration in, 585.

Chemistry, Applied, Dictionary of,

Thorpe, 500.

CHEMISTRY.

Alkalies, determination, Makinen,

500.
Amarillium, 280.
Ammonia and water, compounds,

Smits and Postma, 58.

• This Index contains the general heads, Chemistry (Incl. chem. physics) . Geology,
Minerals, Obituary, Rocks, and under each the titles of Articles referring thereto
are mentioned.



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600



INDEX.



Antimony in alloys, determination,

Jamieson, 58.
Canadinm, Bnpposed new element,

French, 155, 280.
Carbon monoxide, combustion,

WieUnd, 586.

— pemltride, Darzens, 278.
Cementite, Buff and Gerstein, 878.
Color effect and isomorphons mix-
ture. Wells, 103.

Esters, hydrolysis in fatty acids,
Drushel, 27.

Fluorine, determination, Starck and
Thorin, 58.

Hydrazine, determination, Jamie-
son, 352.

Iron, atomic weight of meteoric,
Baxter and Thorvaldson, 57.

— separation from manganese, San-
chez, 156.

Lead, nickel, etc., estimation,

Ward, 834.
Magnesia rods as a substitute for

platinum wire, Wadekind. 585.
Manganese, determination, Raikow

and Tischkow, 278 ; 156.
Mercury determination, Jamieson,

349.
Neon, krypton and xenon, monato-

micity, Ramsay, 378.
Nitric acid, detection, Sen and

Dey, 499.
Oxalate permanganate process,

Ward, 428. '
Portland cement, Janecke, 279.
Radium, deposit in electric field,

Wellisch and Bronson, 483.
Sodium carbonate, hydrates, Weg-

scheider, 280.
Sulphur monochloride for decom-
posing certain minerals, Hicks,

374.
Tellurium, alleged complexity, Har-

court and Baker. 165.
Titanium, separation from nio-
bium, etc., MuUer, 373.
— dioxide, heat of formation, Mix-

ter, 45.
Uranium hexafluoride. Ruff and

Heinzelmanu, 57.
Vanadic acid, reduction, Cain and

Hostetter, 375.
Water, determination, Zerewitinoff,

374.
Chemists, Famous, Roberts, 156.
Clark, R. W., Petrographic methods,

511.
Clarke, F. W., Data of Geochem

istry, 64.
Coast Survey, report, 514.
Cole, M. J., Microscopy, 379.
Comets and Electrons, Righi, 62.



Connecticut, Granites of. Dale and

Gregory, 160.
- Trias, Life of. Lull, 897.
Constants, chemical and physical,

■ Tables, 60, 158.
Coral reefs in the Triassic of No.

America, Smith, 92.
Craig, C. F., Parasitic AmcebsB of

Man, 70.
Crenshaw, J. L., mineral sulphides

of iron, 169.
Cross, M. L, Microscopy, 879.
Cushing, H. P., age of Cleveland

shale of Ohio, 581.



Dale, T. N., Ordovician outlier, Sud-
bury, Vermont. 97 ; granites of
Connecticut, 160.

Dana, E. S., obituary notice of
George J. Brush, 389.

Day, A. L., nitrogen thermometer
scale, with boiling point of sul-
phur, 517.

Drushel, W. A., hydrolysis of esters
in fatty acids, 27.

Duggar, B. M., Fungous Diseases of
"*Iai



Plants, 164.



Earthquake^, elastic-rebound theory,

Reid, 287.
Eaton, G. F., remains of man at

Cuzco, Peru, 325.
Eckel, £. C, Building Stones and

Clays, 595.
Elektrochemische Umformer, Zach-

arias, 158.
Ethnology, Bureau of American,

annual report, 71.
Evolution, Capture Theory of Cos-

mical, See, 167.
Eyerman, J., Mineralogy of Pennsyl-
vania, 67.



Fabre. J. H., Life of the Insect, 598.
Farrington, O. C, analysis of stone

meteorites, 65.
Field Museum of Natural History,

annual report, 596.
Filtration in analysis, 585.
Foote, H. W,, composition of anal-

cite, 433 : of nephelite, 439.
Fungous Diseases of Plants, Duggar,

164.



Geochemistry, Data, Clarke, 64.
Geographers, American, annals, 590.



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INDEX.



601



GEOLOGICAL REPORTS.

Alabama, 64.

Canada, 289.

Maryland, 598.

New Jersey, 64, 882.

United States, 82d annnal report,

159 ; publications, 62, 507.
Virginia, 594.
West Australia, 388.
West Virginia, 881, 594.
Wisconsin, 382, 595.



GEOLOGY. .

Amheim, formation, Foerste, 511.

Branchiopoda, etc., Middle Cam-
brian, Walcott, 509.

Bryozoa, Paleozoic, of Baltic Prov-
inces, Bassler, 292.

Cambro-Ordovician in British Co-
lumbia, Walcott, 508.

Carboniferous of Narragansett Ba-
sin, Lahee, 249, 854, 447.

Chattanooga shale in Kentucky,
unconformity at base. Kindle,
120.

Cleveland shale of Ohio, age, Cush-
ing. 581.

*'Coal balls," Slopes and Watson,
290.

Cycads, American fossil, Wieland,
Part vi, 73.

Fish, fossil, Cretaceous of New
Jersey, Fowler, 292.

Glacial fractures, crescentio origin
of, Lahee, 41.

Glaciers, periodic variations, 288.

Gravity anomalies and geologic
formations, Bowie, 237.

Human remains, pre-historic, from
Cuzco, Peru, Bingham, 297 ;
Eaton, 325 ; Bowman, 306.

Lnke Superior region, geology. Van
Hise and Leith, 286.

Loess, Missouri river, Keyes, 82.

Metamorphism and geological struc-
ture in the Narragansett Basin,
Lahee, 249, 854, 447.

Missouri river loess, Keyes, 32.

Olenopsis in America, Walcott, 509.

Ordovician outlier, Sudbury, Ver-
mont, Dale, 97.

Palieechinoidea, new genus, Ols-
son, 442.

Peneplains, interpretations, An-
drews, 288.

Permian Vertebrates, American,
Williston, 65, 592.

Skulls, descriptions of reptilian.
Case and Williston, 339.



Strophomena and other fossils,

Foerste, 510.
Trias, Connecticut, life of. Lull,

897.
Triassic of No. America, coral reefs
in, Smith, 92.

Geometry, Smith, 168.

Geophysical Laboratory, papers
from, 169, 517, 584, 551.

Glass-blowing, 880.

Granville, W. A., Calculus, 886.

Gravity, ocean, observations, Hecker
on, Bauer, 245.

Gregory, H. E., Granites of Con-
necticut, 160.

Guthe, K. E., College Physics, 285.

H

Harvard College Observatory, 386.
Hatch, F. H., Mineralogy, 595.
Heineman, P. G., Bacteriology, 71.
Heredity in relation to Evolution,

Castle, 70.
Hindu-Arabic Minerals, Smith and

Karpinsky, 168.
Human remains, pre-historic, at

C^zco, Peru, 297, 306, 325.



I



Ice in the Arctic seas, 882.
Illumination, Trotter, 61.
Insect, Life of, Fabre, 598.
Interferometer, displacement.

Bams, 109.
Iron, mineral sulphides of, Allen,

Crenshaw and Johnston, 169 ; crys-

tallographic study, Larsen, 169.
— spectrum, wave-lengths of, Ever-

sheim, 283.



Jaekel, O., Die Wirbeltiere, 592.

Jamieson, G. S., determination of
mercury, 349 ; of hydrazine, 352.

Johnston, J., mineral sulphides of
iron, 169; standard scale of tem-
peratures, 534.

Jones, F. T., Physics Problems, 379.

Jordan, W. H., Human Nutrition,
295.

K

Kentucky, Chattanooga shale, un-
conformity. Kindle, 120.

Keyes, C. R., Missouri river loess
and Kansan drift-sheet, 82.



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602



INDEX.



Kindle, £. M., tmconformity of
Chattanooga shale in Kentucky,
120.

Kristaile, flttasigen, Lehmann, 159.



Lacroiz, A., nephelite syenites of

Lob, 68.
Lahee, F. H., crescentic fractures of

glacial origin, 41 ; metamorphism

and geological structure in the

Narragansett Basin, 219, 354, 447.
Lake Superior region, geology, Van

Hise and Leith, 286.
Larsen, £. S., crystcdlographic study

of mineral sulphides of iron, 169.
Lehmann, Flttssige Kristalle, 159.
Library of Congress, annual report,

166.
Lull, R. S., life of the Connecticut

Trias, 397.

M

Man, Parasitic Amoebae, Craig, 70.

— prehistoric remains near Cuzco,
Peru, 297, 806, 825.

Maryland geol. survey, 598.
Membrane, semi-permeable, Trou-

ton, 377.
Metals, purity of commercial, Myl-

ius, 586.
Metamorphism, etc., Narragansett

Basin, Lahee, 249, 854, 447.
Meteorites, stone, analyses. Far-

rington, 65.
Microscopy, modern. Cross and

Cole, 879.
Microseismic motion, Burbank, 470.
Microseisms caused by frost, Bur-
bank, 474.
Mineral nomenclature, Washington,

137.
Mineralogy, Hatch, 595; Sommer-

feldt, 67.

— of Pennsylvania, Eyerman, 67.



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