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John Evelyn.

Diary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 4) online

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carrying on between the Court and the Condeans.

J This was Dr. Stewart, Dean of the Chapel Royal, whom
Clarendon, in another place, calls " a very honest and learned gen-
tleman, and most conversant in the learning which vindicated the
dignity and authority of the Church." He had been long about
Charles's person ; for, as early as 1646, in a letter preserved in the
Clarendon State Papers, vol. ii. p. 253, and addressed to the Prince,
the King calls him an honest trusty servant, and recommends him to
his Royal Highness as Dean of his Chapel, telling him at the same
time to take the Doctor's advice, " giving reverence to his opinion
in all things concerning conscience and church affairs."



244 LETTERS OF SIR EDWARD HYDE [1652.

the stone, which I am very fair from vnderualewinge,
yett it seemes lesse daungerous then a vyolent
ffeauour with which wee heard he labored : I pray
remember my seruice very heartily to him, and send
me worde quickly of his perfecte recouery.

The wante of the title of the Duke of Bauaria
keepes us from making a congratulatory dispatch to
him, which is requisite in seuerall respectes, therfore
I pray hasten it as soone as you may : let me heare
any particulars you receaue from Englande, especially
how our frends at Detforde doe*. If it would be
any comforte to you to haue companyons in misery,
you will heare shortly that wee are in greate dis-
tresses^ for I cannot imagyne which way the Kiuge
will be able to procure mony for his subsistance ; nor
indeed how the ffrench Courte will subsiste it selfe.
Wee know nothinge heare of the Spanish army:
what is become of it ?

You will still commende the King to your neig-
bour : if the wayes were once open, I would make a
iourney oner to visitt you, and to be merry 3 or 4
howres : I am very heartily,

S r ,
Your most affectionate humble Seru 1 ,

E. H.

ST. GERM: 26 July, 1652, ffryday 9 at night.

I pray send me the copy of a warrant for Barro-
nett, for I am not sure that myne is not defectiue.

Sir Ric: Browne.



* This inquiry refers to the Evelyn family at Says Court.

t The periodical prints of that day thus account for the King not
wishing to remain at Paris. " The Scots King is still in Paris, but
now upon his remove. What shall he do then ? Trayl a pike under the
young Lady of Orleans : " (this lady had recently raised a regiment
for the French King's service against the Confederate Lords :) " an
honour too large for the late Majesty of Scotland. His confidents
have satt in Council, and it is allowed by his Mother, that during
these tumults in France, it is neither honourable nor expedient for
him to continue in Paris, the affections of the citizens for the most
part being alienated from the King," &c.



1652.] AND SIR RICHARD BROWNE. 245



Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.



The messenger who brought me yours of the 27.
is so positive in the iustifyinge himselfe, that I can-
not but desyre you to examine his allegations, which
if not true, he shall be no more sent on his errande,
at least not by me : he sweares, he was on Saturday
at your house, by 11 of the clock e, and you not being
at home, he left the letters, both the Kings and
myne with your mayde : this is so contrary to what
you say, of his not appearinge before 4 of the clocke,
(which putts me in apprehension that our packetts
went not by the last ordinary) that I haue a greate
minde to know the certainty, and whether the fellow
hath any excuse or not : I told the Kinge of the
expedient you proposed, which he lyked well, only it
was sayd by a stander by, that one footeman would
not be alwayes willinge to make that iourny, and
hauinge so little encouragement, it is no wonder,
that euery man is willinge to saue his labour : I am
of your opinion that the breach is already too wyde,
betweene the two Commonwealths, to be easily closed
agayne. I pray God wee may make good use of it,
which will most depende upon your neighbours
aduice and derection : I pray hasten the Duke of
Bauaria's titles, &c. I wish I could tell you of a
more plentifull condicon heare, because I am confi-
dent you would haue a share of it : upon my worde,
the Kinge hath not yett receaued a penny of supply
since his comminge hither : he hath hope of 300
pistoles, for which he gott an order at his beinge at
Grubyse, but payment is not yett made :* seriously
I cannot be more troubled at any thinge, then at
your distresses ; which I had rather see relieued then
my owne : I will not surpryse you at Paris, and

* This delay is easily accounted for, by a reference to the pre-
ceding letter respecting the pecuniary difficulties of the French
Court.



246 LETTERS OF SIR EDWARD HYDE [1652.

would be glad that the communication should be
with more freedome, before I uenture thither. I
will by Saturday send you a letter for George
Cartcrett,* from whome I wonder I heare not, but
more, that he forgetts his promise to you : I thought
your agent ther had taken the dutyes in spetie
accordinge to former aduice. The defeate of Count
Harcourtef I would haue bene gladd to haue receaued
more particularly : wee hauinge heare heard nothings
of it : and the Court needes none of these humili-
ations. God pneserue you, and,

S r , '
Your very affectionate hu ble serv',

E. H.

ST. GERMAIN'S this 29. of July :
Munday 3 in the afternoone

1652.
Sir Ri: Browne.



Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.

S r ,

I receaued yours of the 30. late the last night, and
reade euery worde of it this morninge to the Kinge.

Ills M that the Ambass'

502 . 239 . is very much troubled C73 . 668. 95 .

for hl frier d a

should receaue any praeiudice 469 . 502 . 488 . 13 .

h i p p to him

17 . 27 . 34 . 85 . 667 . 505 . nor can imagyne by
what hande those offices are done.J The truth is,

* Sir George Carteret was now very active as a sea officer in the
King's service ; and in the month of July, 1652, is stated to have
been ou the coast of Flanders with thirteen sail under the royal
colours, making prize of English vessels. Soon after this he joined
Van Tromp ; and subsequently served as Vice-admiral of the French
fleet under the Duke of Vendome.

f Harcourt was a gallant and loyal French officer ; but his
laurels faded before the genius of the great Turenne.

J The De Wit party were at this time predominant in Holland,
in opposition to the Orange partisans, who were of course friendly
to the King.



1652.] AND SIR RICHARD BROWNE. 247

ther is so greate a licence of writinge vnder the
nocon of gettinge intelligence, for which euery
man thinkes himselfe qualified, that men care not
what they write," so they may prsetende to know
much, and I have seen some letters from Hollande,

the S t a

wherein it hath beene sayd, that 668 . 13 . 12 . 4 .

t e s had ginen Ambass 1 to

12 . 7 . 62 . 506 . 493 . 30 . order to ther 95 . 667 .

with the Kinge

communicate all affayres 713 . 668 . 220 . and so it
seemes others who belieued that true, may haue
giuen notice of his resorte to the Louer, possibly
without any ill purpose, and yett I will not abso-
lue them from that nether : at least, folly and im-
pertinency does the same mischieue that malice

King the

does: but the 220 . would haue you assure 668 .

Arab*

95 . that he will be as carefull hereafter as he desyres,

be mil

and for the two papers, 501 . 780 . examine his
cabinett, wher he is sure they are, if he did not
burne them, and deliuer them to me, and I will then

s
send them to you by some sure messenger : ffor 13 .

t a r k y and Taylorf

12 . 21 . 36 . 51 . 10 . 407 . 39 . 21 . 10 . 28 .
53. I am of your opinion for the first, that he is

* Sir Richard Browne himself had many enemies at this moment
among the English exiles ; some of whom, in their wish to drive
him from the King's service, were busy with suggestions at Court that
"his Majesty being present, he could have no Resident." This is
alluded to in a letter from Sir Edward Hyde to Secretary Nicholas,
in the Clarendon State Papers, iii. 112.

{ This Taylor, adverted to in former notes, was the King's agent
with the Emperor of Germany and the Diet ; as appears more parti-
cularly in a letter to him from Sir Edward Hyde (Clarendon
State Papers, vol. iii. p. 112), in reference to an approaching meeting
of that body. But in the same volume, p. 121, a very strong
reason is given for Lord Wilmot's German Embassy, Hyde remark-
ing, " I am sure a wise man is wanting there ; for Taylor is the
most absolute fool I ever heard of." See further, in the same volume,
pp. 113,116.



248 LETTERS OF SIR EDWARD HYDE [1652.

honest, but a foole : The other is more a foole, and
I doubte not so honest, though yett I do not take
him for a spy : nor can I imagyne it possible for

to

them to make any sober vsefull proposicons 667 .

the Ambass" and

668 . 95. The Kinge will follow the aduice, 407 .

x 1 t t the Ambuss' w is

13 . 27 . 12 . 42 . still, till 668 . 95 . 20 . 529 .

h c B him to mono Lord

17 . 7 . 62 . 502 . 667 . 577. The sendinge 394 .

Wilmott into Germany* and If bee

532 . 667 . 186 . is not declared, 407 . 531 . 501 .

goo B hee

491 . 13. (which will not be yett) 501 . shall not

goe by lloland, the King would nott haue the

491 . 415 . 192 . (568 . 220 . 728 . 589 . 514 . 668 .

Bishop to the Ambass'

99 . propose any such thinge 667 . 668 . 95. Though

that you should lett the Ambus 1 know

hebewillinge673 . 731 . 666 . 551 . 668 . 95 . 546 .

hee can putt such

that as low as his power is, 501 . 429 . 615 . 654 .

places in Irland and Scotland

618 . 13 . 532 . 204 . 407 . 363 . into the handes

of lloland

598 .192 .as would inable them to torment their
enimyes : f Ther is no opinion of the good nature

Pr. El. Pal.t The Earl of Br: was

and gratitude of 308 . 452 . 598 . 103 . 707 . called



* How well the King's motions were now watched by the Parlia-
ment, is evident from the fact that a journal of the 5th August, 1652,
was enabled to state " The late King of Scots is at St. German's,
and expects daily to bee sent for by the Hollanders. The Lord
Wilmot is designed to yo Ambassador from him into Germany."

t This extraordinary fact receives confirmation from another of
Sir Edwurd's letters to Secretary Nicholas, published in the Clarendon
State Papers, vol. iii. p. 86. Fortunately for the honour and credit
of all concerned, the idea was finally abandoned.

The Elector Palatine abundantly justified this opinion; for, when
the German Princes subsequently made up a sum of ten thousand
pounds for Charles, the Elector, though under great obligations both



1652.] AND SIR RICHARD BROWNE. 249

to councel Counsell r of

667 . 121 . as an old 121 . 599 his father:* and
it would haue bene greate pitty he should not : he is

L* Digby

a good old man, and much my frende. 155 . intends
his owne businesse and lookes not after what con-
cernes us : I thinke I haue answered all yours : and
I am able to add nothinge of this place: god of
heaven prseserue you, and me as I am heartily,

Sir,
Your very affectionate hu ble Seru',

EDW. HYDE.

ST. GERMAINS, Wensday July 31. 8 at night. 1652.
Sir Ri. Browne.



Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.

Sr >
Since I writt last to you (though it was but on

ffryday night) I haue receaued 5 letters from you,
two of the 2d, one of the 3. of the 4. and the 5. of
this moneth, all which are now before me to be
answered in order, after I have exceedingly thanked
you for your diligent and very punctuall correspond-
ence, which is so greate a virtue, that it is high
iniustice not to rewarde and gratify it, which I hope
will one day be done.

I have informed the Kinge of the Venetian Am-
bassadors complainte against Mr. Killegrew, f with

to his father and grandfather, did not contribute a single stiver.
See Clarendon's History, vol. iii. p. 418.

* In tracing the conduct of the Earl of Bristol throughout these
letters the reader will derive amusement from Walpole's account
of him as a Noble Author.

f lu his Life, p. 116, Hyde says that Charles had been at first
unwilling to send Killigrew to Venice ; but afterwards was prevailed
upon simply to gratify him, that in the capacity of Envoy " he might
borrow money of English merchants for his owne subsistence, which
he did, and nothing to the honour of his master." The letter in the
text contributes some interesting detail upon an incident but slightly
noticed in history. Francis Erizzo was the Doge who acted thus
cavalierly to the representative of the exiled monarch.



250 LETTERS OF SIR EDWARD HYDE [1652.

which his Ma tr is very much troubled, and resolues
upon his returne hither, to examyne his miscarriage,
and to proceed therin in such a manner as shall be
worthy of him, and as may manifest his respecte to
that Commonwealth, with which the Crowne of Eng-
lande hath alwayes held a very stricte amity, and his
Ma* 71 Ministers haue in all places pneserued a uery
good correspondence with the Ministers of tbat State,
and therefore his Ma* 5 is the more sensible of this
misdemeanour of his Resident : However his Ma ty
wishes that the Republic had proceeded accordinge
to the vsuall custome, and first acquainted him with
ther iust exception against his Minister, that ther-
upon his Ma' 7 might haue testifyed his respecte to
them by recallinge and punishinge him, and that
they had not by a judgement of ther owne compelled
him to retyre, which beinge so vnusuall a way, his
Ma tT doubts will not be cleerely and generally under-
stoode, but may be interpreted to the Kings disad-
uantage as a declininge in this tyme of tryall that
auntient friendshipp with the Crowne of Englande,
which his Ma ty is gladd to finde by the Ambassadour
is not in truth the purpose or intention of that Com-
monwealth, and you are to thanke the Ambassadour
in the Kings name for his particular affection to his
Ma ty , which he desyres him to continue. After I
had shewed the Kinge your letter, he appointed me

to r e a d e it in councell

667 . 36 . 23 . 4 . 25 . 7 . 530 . 532 . 121 . and the
resolucon was ther taken for the answer, so that the
very wordes which I haue used upon this argument,
were consider* d and perused by the Kinge. I have
bene very much troubled for poore Mr. Douglasse's
beinge sicke, and am much comforted with your good
newes of his amendment : If ther had not bene 3 or
4 persons of quality heare very sicke, as my Lo:
Wentworth,* . . . Schomburgh, younge Mr. Jarmin,f

Lord Wentworth, of whom some particulars may be found in a
former note, was shortly after this sent as agent to Denmark, where
be remained until the ensuing year.

t Son of Thomas, elder brother of Lord Jermyn. He succeeded
his uncle, after the Restoration, in the Barony of Jermyn, but not in
the Earldom of St. Alban's, and died without issue male.



1652.] AND SIR RICHAED BROWNE. 251

who hath the small pox, and others, who would not
indure the absence of ther physicon, Dr: ffrayser *
had gone over to Paris to looke to him : I pray when
you go next remember my seruice to him, and
desyre him to be very carefull of himselfe that he
fall not into relapse : I could willingly be of your
minde for the certainty of one avowed messenger,
but I finde it harde to lay the worke upon one man,
which your passe must suppose ; besydes the askinge
such a warrant might possibly shutt the doore against
all others, and that would not be well, for betweene
the English and Dutch Letters, and the particular
businesses from this place, ther is no day passes
without a messenger to Paris, and an authority
graunted to one might cause all the rest to be in
more daunger ; the conclusion is, that wee will euery
Wensday morninge, or Tuesday night, send an honest
fellow to you, and agayne on Saturday morninge,
and in those two only I will take my selfe to be most
concerned. I hope the Kinge of Spayne f is not
deade, and then the arryvall of the ffleete will indeede
prooue a cordiall. I haue the same reproaches fro'
the Hague for not writinge things which I doe not
know, and sometymes that are not. You must ex-
playne this ; you say, I have not yet seene 95. both
he and I haue bene to [too] busy. What do you
meane by that, sure you haue not bene so, nor does

the

any wise man thinke you can be soe : I haue 668 .

* Fraser was a Scotchman, and mingled much in the religious
politics of that country ; he also had some political besides his medi-
cal influence at the exiled Court. In another letter (State Papers,
iii. 119) Clarendon says of him, "I am glad you have so good a
correspondent as Dr. Frayser, who is grown (God knows why) an
absolute stranger with me; he is great with Lord Gerard and Mr.
Attorney, but he will speedily leave us and go for England, which
truly I am sorry for, for the King's sake: for no doubt he is good at
his business, otherwise the maddest fool alive." Elsewhere also he
expresses himself very kindly as to Fraser; yet the doctor took
great offence against him on account of this trip to England,
actually asserting that it was Hyde's wish to have him murdered when
there, or that he might languish in prison until he should die of grief
and hunger.

f Philip IV. He did not die until 1665.



252 LETTERS OF SIR EDWARD HYDE [1652.

two memorialla bee

670 . 569 . 29 . 2 . 86 . 27 . 400 . 13 . 501 . sent to

the K. by bis Sonn which you

668 . 216 . 415 . 502 . 13 . 43 . 30 . 59 . 722 . 731 .

K. me

requyred and the 220 . gaue 269 . two dayes since :
I will keepe them till you order me to dispose them.
As I was much startled my selfe with yours of
yesterday, which my Lady Harberte * sent me late

that the K. had

in the night, concearning 673 . 668 . 220 . 506 .

given

493 . 30 some derections quite contrary to what I
uuderstoode to be his minde, so I gave my selfe the

bis Ma*

pleasure of perplexinge 502 . 239 . by readinge only
the first parte of your letter : and when he was in
trouble, and protested that he had neuer gaue any such
order, I reade him that which was in cypher, with
which he was wonderfully pleased, and exceedingly

the Anibass' in

thankes 668 . 95 . and referrestheproceedinge532 .

it to his dis c r e t

530 . intirely 667 . 502 . 440 . 15 . 36 . 23 . 12 .

ion

437 . and frendshipp, for as he hath hitherto accord-
inge to his aduice forborne in the least degree to stirr,
or moue any thinge, for feare of doinge it vnseason-
ably, so he very well knowes, that such an ouerture

may pine his fronds in

as this, timely made, 571 . 493 . 502 . 488 . ] 3 . 532 .

Holland to say

192 . opportunity . 667 . 13 . 21 . 10 . somewhat on
his behalfe,t which of themselues originally they

the K. the

could not doe, and therefore 668 . 220 . committs 668 .

* Wife of the Attorney-General, afterwards Lord Keeper, Sir
Edward Herbert.

f* Comparing a letter of the 2nd" August to Secretary' Nicholas,
now residing in Holland, it is evident that this passage refers to the
former proposals for the delivery of certain places, both in Scotland
and Ireland, to the Dutch.



1652.] AND SIK RICHARD BROWNE. 253

con ducteof th

428 . 25 . 43 . 15 . 42 . 23 . 598 . wholy to 12.17.

e Ambas. the good e

23 . 95 . and will acknowledge alwayes 668 . 495 . 7 .
18 . 24 . 5*6 . 12 . 13 . 667 . 505 . and ther is no

to t r

double, if ther were an opportunity 667 . 12 . 36 .

eat e on the Kings be h

23 . 21 . 42 . 23 . 600 . 668 . 220 . 13 . 416 . 17 .

a I f e

21 . 28 . 18 . 7 . ther would be founde reall
aduantages yett in his power (as low as it is)

to giue with to Irland and

667 . 493 . 713 . reference 667 . 204 . 407 .

Scotland*

363 . and really I have reason to belieue that

make Jersey, Guernsey, and Scilly

wee could speedily 580 . 213 . 191 . 407 . 13 . 27 .

at our

28 . 52 . 10 . 402 . 603 . deuocon. You must lett

the Ambass 1 know the K.

668 . 95 . 546 . that 668 . 220 . hath this day dis-

Lord Tafff to the Duke

patched 549 . 12 . 21 . 18 . 24 . 667 . 668 . 446 .

* The King's supposed wishes at this period are recorded in one of
the public journals (Several Proceedings, 28th October, 1652), in a
letter from Paris. " Charles Stuart, the Titular Scots King,lives in the
Palace Royall, and still in necessity ; his Mother went to Challeau
on Munday last ; he impatiently expects this peace ; he could wish
to be now in Ireland, so he told some of his own Creatures of late ;
so would all about him : yet Ormond and Inchiquin tell him plainly
that those who most oppose the Commonwealth, are but Ulster men,
which doe not much care for him, and are only for their own ends,
which if they could obtain, would never look upon a King, and that
if they promise to be faithful to a Parliament they would be
constant."

*f Lord Taafe was particularly active in the King's Councils, in so
far as related to Ireland. A Gazette of that day, alluding to the
King's Irish affairs, remarks, when speaking of the proposed operations
of the Duke of Lorraine : " Lord Taafe is the man that manageth the
business with the King, which is much opposed by the Lord Wilmot,
and some others, as a course very improbable : and this hath occa-
sioned a quarrel, and afterwards a challenge, betwixt Taafe and
Wilmot, which with much ado was composed by the Scots King."



'2 ."> 1 LETTERS OF SIR EDWARD HYDE [1652.

of Lorrain

598 . 231 . (with whome he is in singular creditt, and

to con i v r

is indeede a very honest man) C61 . 428 . 27 . 1 . 36 .

e him not Holland but

23 . 505 . 589 . in any degree to disturbe 192 . 417 .

on to he will

COO . the other hande . 667 . declare that 501 . 710 .

.. : them against England

401 . 18 . 529 . 12 . 676 . 414 . 13 . 12 . 164 . which
I doubte not he will doe heartily. I conceaue my
L d Iiichiquiu * (though I hauc not spoken with him
of it this day) does not speedily intende to make use
of his passe, but will send to you agayne about it,
before he exspects it fro' you. It is very true ther
was such a. summ of mony lately receaued at Paris
for the Kinge as you mention, and 40. pistoles of it
disposed to that Lady, which is all the mony he
hath receaued since he came hither, and in some
tyme before, and he hath hope to receaue iust such a
summ agayne within these few dayes, but alasse it
doth not inable his cooks and back-stayres f men to
goe on in the provydinge his dyett, but they protest
they can undertake it no longer. I hope ther will
be shortly another manner of receipt, and then if
you should be left out, I should mutiny on your
behalfe : in the meane tyme, if it would giue you

* It had been intended, at this period, that Lord Inchiquin,
accompanied by Jerinyn, should go as Ambassador to Holland, to
prepare for Charles's reception there.

f The public journals, in real or assumed letters from Paris,
now asserted loudly that the " quondam " King, as they described him,
had grown hateful to the people of that city "since Loraigne's
treason, being afraid lest he might find such entertainment from
them at the new bridge as others had experimented, and being
reduced to nothing to subsist on, and having beggared a multitude
of bakers, brewers, butchers, and other tradesmen, on Saturday last
departed out of this town with all his family (nullo relicto). The
Prince of Conde and Beauford accompanied him about a league off
the town ; he is gone to St. Jermin's, and from thence to St. Dennis,
intending for Holland, where keeping a correspondence with the
Duke of Loraine, and likewise with his Mother and his brother Yorke,
who are to remain yet in France, he hopes to worke some mischiefe
to the State of England."



1652.J AND SIR RICHARD BROWNE. 255

ease, I could assure you, my L d . . . . nor I have one
cardicue in the worlde, yett wee keepe up our spiritts :
ffor gods sake do you so to, and he will carry you
through this terrible storme. My L d Jermin is this
day gone to the Courte, how longe he stayes I know
not. We haue no newes, at least that I know. I
pray tell us as much as you know of the Armyes
mouinge, and what hope ther is of peace. I am,

?>
your very affectionate hu ble serv 4 ,

EDW. HYDE.

S' GERMANS this
Tuesday the 6. of Aug.
6. at night. 1652.

This messenger is to returne as soone as the fflanders
letters are arryved.

S r Ri. Browne.



Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.

S r ,

That yours of the 10. of December (which came to
my handes the same day that I dispatched my last to
you) hath yett brought you no answer, is not my
faulte, for as I was takinge penn & paper to do it on
Sunday last, your other of the 14. arryued, which
derected me to change my cource of writinge, and to
send no more to Nantz,* but to St. Malos : and in-



Online LibraryJohn EvelynDiary and correspondence, To which is subjoined the private correspondence between King Charles I. and Sir Edward Nicholas, and between Sir Edward Hyde, afterwards earl of Clarendon, and Sir Richard Browne (Volume 4) → online text (page 21 of 44)