John Foxe.

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be paid, tithes, no man shall, by colour of duty omitted by their curates, detain their
tithes, and so redouble one wrong with another, and be his own judge ; but shall
truly pay the same, as hath been accustomed, to their parsons and curates,
witiiout any restraint or diminution ; and such lack and default as they can
justiy find m their parsons and curates, to call for reformation thereof at their
ordinaries' and other superiors' hands, who, upon complaint and due proof
thereof, shall reform the same accordingly.

Item, That no parson shall from henceforth alter or change the order and
manner of any fasting day that is commanded and indicted by the church, or
of divine prayer, or m service, otherwise than is specified in the said injunc-
tions, untii such time as the same shall be so ordered and transposed by the
king's highness's authority; the evens of such saints, whose noly-days be
Becket'i abrogated, only excepted, which shall be declared henceforth to be no fasting
day abro- days, except also the commemoration of Thomas Becket, sometime archbishop
K>t«<^ of Canterbury, which shall be clean omitted, and instead thereof the ferial sei^

vice used.

KnoUing Item, That the knollin^ of the Aves after service and certain other times,

ofAvM which hath been brought m and begun by the pretence of the bishop of Rome's

forbidden, pm^^n, henceforth be left and omitted, lest the people do hereafter trust to

have pardon for the saying of their aves between the said knolling, as they have

done in times past

SoflVagea Item, Whereas, in times past, men have used, in divers places in their proces-

o^ "a^* sions, to sing * Ora pro nobis,' to so many saints, that they had no time to sing

rejected. ^^ ^^^ suffrages following, as * Parce nobis Domine,' and * Libera nos Domine,'

it must be taught and preached, that better it were to omit < Ora pro nobis,'

and to sing the other sumrages, being most necessary and effectual All which

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and iiD^;idar inlunctions I minister unto you and to your parishionerB, by the jim
king's hi^nesB 8 authority, to be committed in this part, which I charge and ^^^^
command you, by Ae same authority, to observe and keep, upon pain «f a t)
depviyation, sequestration of your fruits, or such other coercion as, to &e king iVog*
or nis vicegerent for the time being, shall be seen convenient L

By these articles and iojunctions thus coming forth one after The ung
another, for the necessary instruction of the people, it may appear Mrring^
how well the king then deserved the title of his supreme goyemment, 2f*ii?"*
^ven to him over the chmrch of England ; by which title and autho- vtemeg(h
rity he did more good for the redressing and advancing of Chrisf s ti^^e
church and religion here in England in these three years, tlian the ^^'^
pope, the great vicar of Christ, with all his hiah(q>s and prelates, had
done the space of three hundred years before. 6uch a vigilant care
was then in the king and in his council, how by all ways and means
to redress religion, to reform eirors, to correct corrupt customs, to
help ignorance, and to reduce the misleading of Ghrisfs flock,
drowned in blind popery, superstition, customs and idolatry, to s<Hne
better form of more perfect reformation : whereunto he provided not
only these articles, precepts, and injunctions above specified, to
inform the rude people, but also procured the bishops to help foi^
ward, in the sa^e cause of decayed doctrine, with their diligent
preaching and teaching of the people ; according as ye heard before,
now that in the year 1684, auring the whole time of parliament,
there was appointed every Sunday a bishop to preach at Paulas cross,
against the supremacy of the bishop of Rome.

Amongst uiese bishops, John Longland, bishop of Lincoln, the
king^s confessor, and a great persecutor of the poor flock of Christ
(as is before sufficiently recorded), made a sermon before the king,
upon Good Friday, this present year 1688, at Greenwich, seriously
and e&ctuously preadiing, on the king's bdialf, against the usurped
supremacy of the bishop of Rome ; the contents of whose sermon
wholly to express, were here too long and tedious. So much as may
suffice for our purpose I thought should remain to posterity, beginning
at his theme, whidi then he took in hand to treat upon, written in
Hebrews xiii., as followeth.

The Sermon of John Longland, Bishop of Lincoln, on Good Friday,
before the King at Greenwich, a.d. 1688. The theme fix>m
Hebrews xiii.

The words of the apostle are these, ' Habemus altare de quo edere non habent
potestatem qui tabernaculo deserviunt Quorum enim animalium infertur
^sanguis pro peocato in sancta per pontificem, horum corpora cremantur extra
castra. IVopter ^od, et Jesus extra portam passus est Exeamus igitur ad
eum extra castra, unproperium ejus portantes!

These are the woras of the apostle; many things contained in few words;
and the English thereof is this : We have an altar; we have an altar (saith the
apostle), an altar, and a sacrifice upon tfiis altar. And they that serve at the
tabernacle may not eat d thb altar, may not eat d diis sacnfice that is offered
upon this altar. For the apostle here, ' per metonymiam,' doth put the altar
for that which is the sacrifice upon the altar. The blood of those beasts that
were slain for ihe sacrifice, was Drought into the holy, secret, hiffh place of the
temple where the ark was, between the high altar Tas we will say) and the
veil by the bishop, and there offered up for <he sin or the people. The bodies
of Uie beasts that were burned without the pavilions or tents, for which, ' propter

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rl72 BISHOP lon6land''6 sermon against the pope,

ffenrf quod/ for which; what? for the<fu]filling of which myiteiy. Also to verify
^^^^' and fulfil the figure» and that the thing figured might be correspondent to the
A. D. ^K^^i Jesus suffered without the gate, to sanctify the people by his blood.
1538! ^^ ^^ S^ ^^^ therefore, and suffer with Christ, bearing his opprobries and

— rebukes. These be the words of the apostle now taken.

I will, by the help of our Lord God, declare these words in order, even as
they do stand. Here is an altar ; here is a sacrifice ; here is a bishop who did
offer this sacrifice; here is a tabernacle; a serving of the tabernacle; the blood
of the sacrifice which was offered by the bishop for the sins of the people, in the
most holy place of the temple; and the bodies of the beasts (whose olood was
offered) were burned without the tents. And this was done the tenth day of
the seventh month. Ye hear now the words of the apostle, wherein appeareth
the manifest figure of the passion of our Saviour Jesus Christ, which we this
day do honour.

In these words the apostle toucheth the figure of the law, and bringeth it to
a spiritual understanding ; for it was commanded in the law, in the book of
Numbers,^ the tenth day of the seventh month, in the feast that was called the
feast of the propitiation of mercy, of remission, or the feast of purgation, when
the people were purged ; at which time they should take a calf and a kid, and
«lay them; whose blood the only bishop should bring 'in sancta sanctorum,*
into the most holy, solemn, and secret place of the temple, wherein ^e bishop
never came, unless he brought with him blood to offer in sacrifice.' ' Almost
all things after the law, or m the law, were cleansed in blood, and by blood ;
and without the efiusion of blood was no remission,' saith the apostle: and in
that place of the temple called ' sancta sanctorum^' the bishop prayed and offered
for the people. The flesh and corpse of the sacrifice was oumed without the
tents, without their pavilions ; and it was not lawful to any that did serve the
tabernacle, to efit of the flesh of that sacrifice.

Here is a manifest figure (as I said) of the passion of our Saviour Christ.

The altar that was consecrated and hallowed in this solemnity of the blood of

the eternal testament, was that holy cross that Christ suffered on ; which as on

this day he did consecrate, hallow, dignify, and dedicate ; and did adorn and deck

the same with the members of his most precious body, more gloriously than if

it had been embroidered and inserted with precious stones. For as gold, which

is the most precious metal, is made more precious when it is set with precious

stones, and is dignified therewith, whether it be altar, image, crown, ring or

ouch ; so was the altar, the holy cross, beautified, dignified, adorned, and made

precious, with the members of mat most precious stone Christ, which is, as Peter

The stone saith,* * the lively stone which men did reprove, which God did elect for the

ChrUt. approved stone, for a comer stone,' for the chief stone in the building of his

church, for the stone that joineth the walls of the church together, for the stone

whereupon the faith of Christ and his church is builded : a precious stone, a

stone of price, a stone of high value, far passing in the estimation of a good

christian man all other precious stones in the world. This precious stone

Christy with the members of his most precious body, did deck, adorn, and make

precious thb altar of the cross, when his body was by the Jews, with violence,

extremely strained upon the same, that all his bones (as testifieth the prophet)

might be numbered.* Upon this altar was the great sacrifice of the world

Christ the offered, Christ himself. He was the sacrifice, and he was the priest ' He

sacrifice offered up himself to God his Father, for the sin of man,' saith the apostle.*

woril He offered himself a pure, clean, immaculate host to God, to redeem the world,

to sanctify sinners, to justify man.

This Christ, the bishop of good things to come (as the apostle witncfsseth),
entered once into the place called ' sancta sanctorum,' not only of the temple ;
but ' in sancta sanctorum,' into that holy place of places, into heaven. He
entered with sacrificed blood, like a bishop. ' Not with the blood of goats or
calves, not with the blood of rams or bulls, but with his own precious blood.**
For if the blood of goats and buUs, and the ashes of the burned calf sprinkled

(1) Numb. xiz.

(2) * Quia omnU fexe In sanguine secundam legem mundabsntar» et sine sanfuinis eAuione non
sit remissio.' Heb. zL

(S) ' Lapis TiTus, ab hominibus reprobatus, a Deo electus, pxobatus angnlarif et preciofus.
1 Pet. ti. (4) Psalm xxii.

<5) ' Obtnlit semetipfum immacnlatnm Deo, ut sanctificaret inquinatos. (6) Heb. ix.

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abroad, were sufficient to the making clean of the flesh, how much more then as Hemp
the hlood of Christ, who by the Holy Ghost did offer up himself to God, a most ^^^-^
pure, most clean, and immaculate sacrifice, able to purge, cleanse, and make 4 jy
lair our consciences from the works of death, and to live in the Uvinff God? j/og
This is our great bishop, as the apostle saidi.^ 'We have a great bishop, which *—

did penetrate Uie heavens, whose name is Jesus the Son of God.' This is our
great bishop, our hieh bishop, our universal bishop. This is the head bishop
of all bishops, and of all the world, named of God (as the apostle saithi) to be our
great bishop, properly called ' Summus Pontifex,* the highest bishop of bishops,
for tins is ne only that is < Summus, mazimus, et universalis Pontifex.'

The bishop of Rome therefore ought herein to be abashed, ashamed, and to The
abhor his own pride. For in this he outrageously doth offend God, and blas^ pride of
phemeth him, m that he presumeth to take this high name from our bishop, ^^f^^'
Christ ; in that he taketh away, as much as lieth in him, the elory of God, the phemeth
majesty appertainii^ imto Christ ; in that he taketh upon him these names ^^'
^propriate only to Christ, the highest bishop, the greatest bishop, the universal
bisnop,* the bishop of all the worm. I much marvel how he dare be so bold to
usurp and take these great names upon him. Greater blasphemy cannot be, ^q
than to take from Grod that which naturally belongeth unto bun ; tnan to take peater
from God his glory and honour : than to vudicate and take upon him such high p^^.
names, as beseemeth no Christian man to usurp. God said oy his prophet, ' 1 than in
will not give my glory away to any other, '^ to any creature. He doth reserve the pope,
the glory, that laud and honour that belongeth only unto him, unto himself; no
man may attempt so far, no man may take so much upon him.

Peter f Peter I thou wast once bishop of Rome, and the first bishop of Rome ;
Didst thou ever take this name imon thee, Smnmus, Mazimus, Universalis ? Ptoter
No, no, no. And why? For the Holy Ghost was in thee. Thou wouldest take ^^^
no more upon thee, than God gave thee. Thou wast not desirous of worldly upon
fimie and glory. AJl that thou souffhtest for, was for the glory of God ; as all ^°^^
that will read thy sermons, thy episUes, and Uiy life, shall soon perceive. Look f S|^m
a great number of bishops that next followed Feter in the same see ; what were doth,
they ? Holy martyrs, holy livers, who never attempted thus far. Let the bishop of
Rome therefore acknowledge his great fiiult, his high foUy, his unlawful usurpa-
tion, his unpriestly presumption, and humble himself to Qirist and God, his sreat
bishop. Would God he would reform himself I would God he would keep him-
self within that compass of his authority, and encroach no more upon other
men's jurisdictions, but diligently keep and overlook his own diocese, and be
content with that ! would GfA he would look upon his predecessor St Greirory
in his register,* who was a bishop of Rome, a holy man. Let him learn there
how he md rebuke John, at that time the bishop of Constantinople, for taking
on him so hishly, in such names : universal bishop, highest bishop, neatest
bishop ; and now he proved it to be against the law of God. He saith there, in
one place, to this proud bishop John, ' What answer shalt thou make in that
stcait examination at that last judgment, to Christ the head of the universal holy
church, that goest about to have subject unto thee all the members of Christ, by
taking on thee the name of universal bishop Y In another place again in the
same book he saith unto him, < Who art thou, that dost presume to usurp anew
name upon thee of univenal bishop^ contrary to the statutes of the gospel and
decrees r

God forbid that ever this blasphemy should come in the hearts of
christian people I in which the honour of aU priesthood is taken away, when
a man shall rashly and arroeantly take that name upon him. Let this bishop
of Rome therefore humUe bimself unto our great universal bishop, Christ ;
humble liimeftlf under the mighty hand of Gim ; and know what tne apostle
doth write* of the honour and power of this Christ our great high bishop. He
is (he saith) 'Pontifex misericors, fidelis, notens, magnus, humilis, penetrans
cesium, compatiens infirmitatibus nostris, onerens dona et sacrificia pro peccatis
noetris, cooaolens iis <|ui ijg;norant et errant : Qui potest salvum facere a morte,
offerens preces et supphcationes cum damore valido et lachrymis, et exauditus est

(1) •HebeMMpoDtttoemniacniimquipenetimTitcceloe, Jeeiun FlliamDei.'LeTlt.xTL Heh.lT.
(S) Htb. T. (8) * Summni pontifex, nuximue pontifex, uniTenali* pontifex.'

(4) * Nod debo gloriam meam aheri.' Isai. xlii.

(5) Qregoriiu tn Regiitro, lib. It. Indlctione xxx. Epitt. xxxriU.
(•) Heb. iL lU. ir. ▼. vil. TiU. ix.

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Bmn poTeveren ti a lua: Pontifez appeUatus a Deo: Pontiibz sanctua, innoeeai^
^^^' impoUutUB, segregatus apeccatonbua, excelsior coelis : Non habens necesaitatem'
^ j^ ^({ueinadmodwn alii) prnis pro aids delictiB hottias ofibire, deinde pro populo :
1538 ^^'i^^^^ sedens in dextrit Dd interpellaiiB pro nobis, emundans coosdentiaf
nostras ab operibusmortuis, intrans aancta sanctornm, perproprium angiiineiiu

^Hties Hie est Pontifex confessionis nostrs.

jll^ to 1^ ^ earthly bishops learn of this heavenly bishop Christy some of these
Christ, in properties are appropriate and belong only to God, and not to man. In some
•criptuie. ^^ otj^t to fbllow lum, in some we cannot, nor ought to do. This oiu* high
Miseri- and gi^ Bishop is ' misericors,' saith the apostle, merdfuL A merciftd bishop,
<»n- ready to forgive, readv to remit those that haye ofiended him. He is not cruel
nor yenge^e, but ftill of pity, fhll of mercy. And in this we ouriit to follow him.
Potent. He iB ' Pontifirac potens,' a mighty Bislum, migh^ and Ml m power. We be
bat weak and feeble bishops, not u>le to ao any ttnng but by his pemusdon and
help. He is able to make dck, to make whde ; to make rich, to make poor ;
to set up, to put down. * Potens,' a mighty bidiop, migh^ and able to remit
dn,^ to forffive, to save both body and seul m>m damnation. * Potens, ' a mighty
bishop, and ftill of power. No power in this world butof him : ' Omnis potestas
a Domino Deo est ;' all power is of him. And, as he himself witnessetn, * AU
power is giren unto me in heaven and in earth.** * Potens salvare a morte ;' he can
save the body, and savethe soul i he can deliver the one and deliver the other from
everlasting death. Who can forgive sin hot he f* ' Est potens ;^ he is a mighty
bidiop! Of him and by him emperors^ kings, nuttiitrates, and potestates,
bishops, priests, with all others that have power, have their power and authority*
Who IS able to turn the wind, to make the wind blow or cease, but he f Who is
able to say and prove, I mH now have it rain, now dear; the son toshine, the
water to flow, to ebb, with snch other, but only he ? This is our mighfy Bidiop.
Omntpo- 'Pontifex potens,' mighty: yea, ' omnipotens,' almighty. He can do alt;
^°*- nothing is to him impoedble. ' Ipse dixit, et fSscta sunt omnia.' Mandavit, et
creata sunt universa: potens ergo est^ He is a mighW Bishop. We are not so.
Fidelia. 'Fiddis Pontifex.' He is a fsMiAil l^diop: faithftd. He is a faithful
bishop to God, referring all lauds, aU honour and gloty, to Us Father. In all
things that he did, mirades or other, he took never the move upon himsdf. He
was also a feithftil bishop to the world ; fer he did dl that bdonged to the office
of a good bishop. The very office of a bidiop^ is, pnedicarey orare^ et saarifl-
care, sive ofierre: to preach, to pray, to do sacrifice, or to ofer. He
premshed to his people ; ne taught the winld meet wholesome doctrine, whereby
ne called the people to God ; he converted sinners; he called them to penance.
He made them weep and lament their dns; thev feUowed his person^ they
fdlowed his word, they feDowed his ensample. They came out of all coasts to
see him, to hear him, to learn of him. They fcnook meat and drink, house and
home ; and followed him wheresoever he went, as well in wilderness as else-
where : insomuch that after they had followed him three days, he, being moved
with pity, lest ^ey should perish for lack of food, being in the wilderness fer
from succour, he fed them twice miracukmdy. Once in the desert with ^ve
loaves and two fishes he Ml five thousand men, besides women and children,
and there were left twdve great baskets, twelve mannds fbll of brokdets and
ofiids at that med.* At another time he fed in the wilderness to the number
of four thousand men, beddes women and chOdren, with seven loaves, and a
few little fidies, and there were left of fragments, seven mannds fulL'
jij^ The second office of a bishop he fulfilled also, for he prayed. He was most

■ccond devout in prayer, so to teach all bishops and prc^»hers not to presume on their
bS^ ^\» ^^ ^ learning, neither on their capacity, memory, fair toimte or utterance ;
to pray. l>ut that the proadier do studiously ap|dy his book, with all &igence, to study
how to speak, what to speak, beiore whom he shall speak, and to shi^ his
sermon after the audience. The preadier ought also, besides his study and
preaching, to pray : for by devout prayer he shall attain, peroase, as much or
more, as^ study or learning, for without prayer the woros will Uttle prevafl*
Look in Christ's life, and thou shdt find that in eveiy tiling he went aixiat, be

(1) Rom. xlT. (S) <DaU est mlhl onmlspotMtn in c«rio et in Um.' MM. xxriU.

(S) * QuU potest dlmittere peccatum nUi solus Deus f Mark IL (4) Psm. xxxU.

(5) 'The office of a bishop :' If he bad placed here, * administnie iscrantenta,' for * saertflean,'
bis partition so might bare stood. (S) ICatt xiT. (7) Matt zt.

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]>rayed, to show the TalUmcy, the vhtme, aad ftrength of prayer : to show our Rtrnip
neeeMities, our weakneis and feeUeneae of nature. He prayed for his people ^"^'

(as Luke witneaseth)' the space of one whole night And what a marvellous j^ jy
deTont pcayer made he for his people in the mount, the night afore his passion, 1533*

when the chalice of deaith was represented unto him ; when he sweat water '—

and blood ; Ti^n he cried dirice, Let this chaBce,' let this passion and blood,
let the virtue theoeo^ pass from me unto all mankind. I^t eyenr man have
the virtue and merit thereof; let it work in all folks ; let every ndthfol man
and woman be partaker thei«of ; let it not be lost, but work to the world's end.
Thie.was a marvellous, devout^ mercifUl prayer.

And again, suffering and hansing on the cross, he offered up for his people The erj
hk prayers and sup^ioations with a nv^ cry, with a piteous voice, with a liunentr ^ ^i^
aUe and deadly shnek, and with weeping tears,* to God his Father ; he, hanging ^ms.*
on the cross, even when the spirit shomd depart the body, not then forgetting
his people, at the hour when all the people foivet both the world and themselves. .^^
Which cry was so huge and great^ so marvellous, and of that efiect, that the hMTem
heavens trembled thereat, the angels mourned for pity, the sun lost his light, trembled.
the vail in the tempb rived in two, ih» earth miaked, the stones rent asunder ^^^ed,
and brake in gobbeta, the graves opened, the oead bodies rose to life, and ap- the cim
pewed: in ^e citjr. The centurion, and those that kept Christ to see the {^^^^
exeeutiott done, cried, ' Vere, filius Dei erat istel* 'This was the undoubted ran
Son of God.' His prayer and weeping tears were so pleasant unto the Father ^^*
that he was heard ^ ' ETanditus est pro reverentia sua.' He was* heard, and why? quaked.
For it was so entbe, so devout, so reverently done, in such a manner and itonea
fashion, with sudi a seal grounded upon such a oharity, sufieiing fbr our guilt, ^^^
and not for his own. And for that he did the very office of a bishop, so entirely opened,
to pray, and so reverently to oSdv up himself in saerifice for his people, he was "*^ ^^*^
heard; he was heard; his prayer was heard of God. And diat is the third ^^^'
property of a good biiiiop, to ofibr sacrifice for his people. Every bishop, every J^^f ^^
bishop, for his diocesans and for tiie whole univ«rsal church. In these three bishop.
we ought, as much as we may, to follow Christ

Thus this Christ was and is < Pontifex fidelis,' a faithfbl Bishop: foithfWl ;
faithful in his word, true in his promise, deceiving no man, but profiting all.
Li all that he did or spake, he sought nothing hb own glory, but the gloiy of
God ; tearJring thereby all bishm of the wrald, in all that they go aheu^ to
do it unto the praise and elory of Uod. And herein we ought also to follow him.

< BfCagnus Pontifex.' He is the great Bishop, &e high bishop, the supreme liagnut.
bishop, the univ«a»al bishop over all the worid. No great Inshop but he. None
high, none supreme nor universal buhop, but he.

And herein the bishop of Rome outrageously usurpeth upon God, as he do^ The pope
upon the worid, to take the honour and names (only to God ajsprc^riate) to bUtohe-
himself, and doth grievously blaspheme and offimd God therem. Greater q^
blasphemy cannot m, than to asoribe to God &at which no ways bdongedi yhua is
unto him, or to take fVom God that which is unto him iqi^ropriate. It is meet biMphe-
therefore he do betimes, and in season, leave his unjust encroachments both ™^*
against his Lord God, and also against the world, lest he do provoke God to
pour out all his vials of wrath upon him : the vaees, I mean tne maledictions
and vengeance that John speaketh of in the Apocalynse.* I would advise him

Online LibraryJohn FoxeThe acts and monuments of John Foxe: → online text (page 30 of 131)