John Gabriel Stedman.

Narrative of a five years' expedition, against the revolted negroes of Surinam, in Guiana, on the wild coast of South America; from the year 1772, to 1777: elucidating the history of that country, and describing its productions ... with an account of the Indians of Guiana, & negroes of Guinea (Volum online

. (page 1 of 27)
Online LibraryJohn Gabriel StedmanNarrative of a five years' expedition, against the revolted negroes of Surinam, in Guiana, on the wild coast of South America; from the year 1772, to 1777: elucidating the history of that country, and describing its productions ... with an account of the Indians of Guiana, & negroes of Guinea (Volum → online text (page 1 of 27)
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THE LIBRARY OF
BROWN UNIVERSITY




THE CHURCH
COLLECTION

The Bequest of

Colonel George Earl Church

1835-1910




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Vol. I



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V



TO
II IS ROYAL HIGHNESS

GEORGE
PRINCE OF WALES,

THIS

ARTLESS NARRATIVE

IS

WITH ALL HUMILITY,

INSCRIBED,

BY HIS ROYAL HIGH NESS'S

MOST DEVOTED,
AND MOST OBEDIENT,
HUMBLE SERVANT,



/. G, Stedmdn.



Tiverton, Devonftiire,
January 1, 17S6.



THE



PREFACE.



This Work being perhaps one of the most sin-
gular productions ever offered to the Public, I
think it right to give the Reader a short sketch
of what he is going to peruse. — I have endea-
voured to arrange matters in some degree like
a large garden, where one meets with the
sweet-smelling flower and the thorn, the gold-
bespangled fly and loathsome reptile, the richest
glowing plumage and the darkest shades ; the
whole so variegated as to afford, I hope, both
information and amusement, without racking or
depressing the spirits, and damping the mind;
not indeed in the modern pomp and brilliancy
of style, but in a simple tale, where truth is
the chief ornament.

Vol. I. b Here,



iv PREFACE.

Here, in the different characters of a Com-
mander—a Rebel Negro— a Planter, and a
Slave — not onlj tyranny are exposed— but be-
nevolence and humanity are unveiled to the
naked eye. Here the Warrior — the Historian —
the Merchant — and the Lover of Natural Phi-
losophy, will meet with some gratification;
w^hile, for having introduced my private adven-
tures, I must make some apology — but none for
those of the lovely Slave, who makes not the
least interesting figure in these pages — as female
virtue in distress, especially when accompanied
with youth and beauty, must ever claim pro-
tection.

Upon the whole, perhaps, some allowance
may be made, when the Reader considers he
is perusing no romance composed of fiction,
but a real history, totally unembellished with
the marvellous; — the production of an Officer,
whose pen and pencil have alone been employed
— and ON THE SPOT, a circumstance but very
seldom met with.

As



PREFACE.

As to the shocking cruelties that here are so
frequently exposed, let it suffice to say, that to
deter others from similar inhuman practices,
and teach them virtue, was my sole and only
motive ; w^hile, on the other hand, it must be
observed that Liberty, nay even too much
lenity, when suddenhj granted to illiterate and
unprincipled men, must be to all parties dan-
gerous, if not pernicious. Witness the O'^ca and
Saramcca Negroes in Surinam — the Maroons of
Jamaica, the Canibs of St. Vincent, &c.

While the Colony of Surinam however is
reeking and dyed with the blood of the African
negroes, truth compels me to observe, that the
Dutch there are not the only guilty ; but that
to most other nations, and particularly the Jews,
is owino' this almost constant and diubulical
barbarity.

Reader, peruse the pages annex'^d with im-
partiality and with temper— sort the ilowers
from the weeds— divide the gold skilfully from

b 2 the



vi PREFACE.

the dross — and perhaps you may not regret the
hours you have thus dedicated. — Let it how-
ever not be understood, that I ever laid claim
to excellence in writing or drawing; but if the
plain and manly truth, so often spoken of,
and so seldom found, are of any avail— I pre-
sume to hope, that these Volumes are not
entirely unworthy the attention of a British
Public.



LIST



OF



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.



AUCKLAND (Lord) Britifli AmbafTador at the Hague.
Ac K LAND (Sir Tho. Dyke) Bart. Killerton.
Anderson (Lady) York.
AsHMEAD (Wm.) Efq. London.

B.

Bute (Rt. Hon. Earl of).

Bristol (Rt. Hon. Earl of).

Bamff (Rt. Hon. Lord) 6th Dragoons.

Barrington (Rt. Hon. Lord Vifcount).

BoYDELL (Rt. Hon. John) Lord Mayor of London.

Baring (Charles) Efq. Exon. — 5 Copies.

Barwell ( ) El'q. London.

Broadley (R. Cailifle) Efq. York.
Broadley (Ifaac) Efq. Branlingham, Hull.
Barker (Thomas) Efq. Jamaica.

Bain ( ) Efq. M. D. Batli.

Burk (Geo.) Efq. Waddon Court, Devon.

Batt (J. F.) Efq. Richmond.

Brown (E. H.) Efq. Richmond.

Black (John) Efq. of the Hon. Eaft India Company's Service.

Besly



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.

Beslt (Wm.) Efq. Tiverton, Devon.

Bates (Ralpli) Elq. 6th Dragoons.

Bastard (John P.) Elq. Kitley, M. P.

Brown (Wm.) Efq. Wiveiiicombe.

Bush (Baron de) Commandant at Curasao.

Bolls (And.) Efq. Capt. in the Dutch Navy.

Bloys de Treslon (Cor.) Elq. Capt. in the Dutch Na\'y.

Brom'st ( ) Elq. Briftol.

Bulguin (Mr. — — ) Briftol.
Blake (Mr. Wm.) London.
BouDLER (Mrs.) Bath.

C.

Canterbury (His Grace the Archbiihop of).

Chichester (Sir John) Bart. Youllton.

Chichester (Mrs.) Arhngton.

Chichester (Mils).

Chichester (Mifs ]\Iary Macdonald).

Cholwich (John B.) Efq. Faningdon Houfe.

Cambridge (R. O.) Efq. Twickenham.

Cholmley (Nath.) Howlham.

Cowley (John) Efq. London.

Campbell (Rt. Hon. Bay) Edinburgh.

Cholmondeley (G.) Efq. London.

Croft (John) Efq. York.

CooKSLEY (J. Sparkes) Efq. Alhburton.

D.

Dover (Rt. Hon. Lord).
Douglas (Gen. Robert) Holland.
DuNTz (Sir John) Bart. Rockbere Houfe.
Drew (Richard) Efq. Exeter.
Den'nys (Nicholas) Efq. Tiverton.
Dowce (Francis) Efq. Richmond.
Dan by (Wm.) Efq. Swinton.
Drummond (J.) Elq. M. D. Jamaica.
DucARKfcLL ^ ) Efq. Exinouth.



Delaval



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.

Delaval (E. Hufiey) Efq. London.

Dickenson (Benj.) Elq. Tiverton.

DuNSFORD (Mr. Martin) Author of the Memoirs of Tiverton.

De Graav (Gid. And. D.) Efq. Surinam.

Des Borgnes (Col. Brifeval) Fourgeoud's INIarines.

E.

Erving (George) Efq. London.

EuLER ( ) Efq. for the Library of his Serene Highnefs the Prince

of Orange.

F.
FiTZWiLLTAM (Right HoH. Earl).
Ferrier (Col. Ilay) of His Majefty's Scots Brigade.

Fredericy ( ) Efq. Governor of Surinam.

Freeman ( ) Efq. Chute Lodge.

Freeman (Mrs. Elizabeth)
Fitzgerald (Mifs) Grange, Ireland.
FoLLET (Rev. Mr. John) Tiverton.
Fattet (Mr. Barth. Francois).
Flower (Mr.) London.
Flower (Mr, Benj.) Cambridge.

G.

Guildford (Right Hon. Earl of).

Gordon (Col. Robert) Deputy Governor at the Cape of Good Hope.

Graham (John) Efq. M. D. Jamaica.

Grinstone (Henry) Efq. Wefton.

Grinstone (Thomas) Elq. Kilnwick.

Goodwin (G. R.) Efq. Bath.

Godefrooy (Mrs. Eliz.) Surinam.

Gray (Mil's Jane) Edinburgh

H.

Heathfield (Rt. Hon. Lord).

Habrowby (Rt. Hon. Lord) Sandon, StafFordftiire.

Hamilton (Sir Alexander) Bart. Retreat.

HiLDYARD (Sir Robert D'Arcy) Bart. Wineftead, York.

Hastings



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.

Hastings (Warren) Eiq. late Governor General of Bengal.
Hamell (Colonel) Cape of Good Hope.
Home (Colonel Alexander) His Majefty's Scotch Brigade.
Hamilton (Robert) Efq. of the Hon. Eaft India Company's Service.

Hunter ( ) Efq. M. D. York.

Hamilton (Major) Exon.

Hilton (William) Elq. Jamaica. — 2 Copies.

Hecke (C. a.) Efq. Demerary.

Harding (Rev. Mr.) Barnftaple.

Heathfield (Thomas) Efq. Nutwell.

Heneman (Gylbert) Efq. Hague.

Haringman (John) Efq. Admiral in the Dutch Navy.

Hogg (Jof ) Efq. Tiverton.

How (J. M.) Efq. Wifcome Park.

Hartford (Jof) Efq. Briftol.

HoBROiD (Mrs.) Richmond.

I.

Incledon (Robert) Efq. Pilton Houfe.
Incledon (Capt. T.) sd Regiment of Foot.
Jermain (Thomas) Efq. Briftol.
Johnson (J. R.) Efq. Jamaica.

K.

Keates (Rev. Richard) Tiverton.

KiNCAiD (Patrick) Efq. Exon.

Knight (Mr. Charles) Knightfbridge.

Kennedy (H.J.) Efq. Cleves.

Knollaerdt ( ) Efq. Fourgeoud's Marines.



Lardner (John) Efq. London.
Lardner (Richard) Elq. Tiverton.
Lardner (James) Efq. Axminfter.
Louis (Mr. Jean) Exon.



M. Macphebson



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.



M.

Macphersont (Sir John) Bart, late Governor of Calcutta.

McQueen (Dundas) Eiq. Edinburgh.

Macallester Loup (Duncan) Efq. Hague.

Wacauley (Alex.) Efq. London.

Macau ley (Angus) Efq. Bath.

Macleod (Colonel) of His Majefty's Scots Brigade.

Mackay (John) Efq. London.

Mackay (Heftor) Efq. War Office.

Maddison (Thomas) Eli^. M. P.

Mowbray (Robert) Efq. M. D. Cocka3n-ny.

Moore (John HartnoU) Efq. Cadeleigh Court.

Marshall (Mr. Robert) Tiverton.

Moens (Mr. Adrian) Rotterdam.

Medlaer (George Crawford) Efq. Fourgeoud'3 Marines.

N.
NoKTHCOTE (Sir Stafford) Bart. Pine's Houfe.
Nagle (Jofeph) Eliri. Calverleigh.
Nagle (David) El'q. Bath.
NiBBs (J. Langford) Efq. Beauchamp. — 2 Copies.
Needham (John) Efq. Gray's Inn.
NooT (Captain) Fourgeoud's Marines.
Nichols (Rev. INIr.) Richmond.
Newte (Rev. Mr.) Titcombe, Devon.
Newte (Thomas) Efq. late Captain in the Hon. Eaft India Company's

Sei-vice.
Newbiggen (Mifs Jane) Edinburgh.

O.

Owens (George) Efq. Tiverton.

P.

Pepperel (Sir William) Bart. London.
Palmer (Thomas) Efq. Berkley Square.
Palmer (William) Efq. London.
Vol. I. c Plidell



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.

Plxdell (J. M.) Efq. 6th Dragoons.

Peach EY (John) Efq. M. P.

Prince (J. D.) Efq. Holland.

Perret Gentilly (Major) Fourgeoud's Marines

Poi-SON (Hugh) Efq. Exniouth.

Popple (Rev. Mr.) York.

R.

Ryder (Right Hon. Dudley) M. P.

RocKBY (Right Hon. Lord) Horton, Kent,

RiCKETTS (Hon. W. H.) Jamaica.

RiCKETTS (E. Jarvis) Efq. Jamaica.

RosENDAAL (CouDtcfs dc) Holland.

RoLLE (John) Efq. M. P. Tidwell.

RiDSDALE (G. W.) Efq. 6th Dragoons. .

RoLLAND (Adam) Efq. Advocate, Edinburgh.

Robinson (William) Efq. Writer to the Signet,'Edinburgh.

Robinson (Capt. Thomas) of the Hon. Eaft India Company's Service,

RiGAUD (P.) Efq. R. A.

Reynsdorph (Andrew) Efq. Surinam.

Reay (Henry N.) Efq, Blenliwell, Durham.

S.

Spencer (Rt. Hon. Lord Henry).

Strickland (Sir George) Bart. Bointon Houfe, York. — 2 Copies
Strickland (Lady Eliza Letitia).
Strickland (Mifp Charlotte)
Strickland (William) Efq. York.
Strickland (Capt. Geo.) 8th Regiment.
Sykes (Sir Chriftopher) Bart. York.
Small (Major Charles) Ifle of Man.
Small (Peter) Efq. Montreal, Canada,
Stuart (Hon. General John).

Sampson (James) Efq. late His Majefty's Conful General at Morocco.

Suttell



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.



SUTTELL (G.) Efq. York.
Sturgeon (T. W.) Efq. Trowbridge.

Sm'ale ( ) Efq. London.

Sheriff (Mv. Robert) Leith.
Stedman (John) Efq. M. D. Edinburgh.
Stedman (Capt. Wm. George).
Stedman (Mil's Catherine) Edinburgh.
Sharrat (Mr. John) Wahkll.
Sheldon (MifsAnn) Exon.
SoMERViLLE (Mlfs Ehzabcth) Edinburgh.



T.



Todd (Mr. John) York.— 2 Copies.

TozER (Aaron) Ei'q. of the Hon. Eaft India Company's Service.

V.

Vance Agnew (Robert) Efq. Edinburgh.
•Van Coeverde (Colonel) Fourgeoud's Marines.

W.

WiLLOUGHBY DE Broke (Rt. Hon. Lord).

Westerloo (General) Holland.

Wemyss (Major) nth Regiment of Foot.

Wierts (Francis) Efq. Captain in tlie Dutch Navy.

Winsloe (Thomas) Efq. CoUiprieft.

WooLERY (R. p.) Efq. Jamaica.

Williams (Jof) Efq. Jamaica.

Wyville (Rev. Chrillopher) York.

White (James) Efq. Counfellor, Exeter,

Wray (G. Lewis) Efq. Spence Farm.

Wood (Bevis) Efq. Tiverton.

Worth (John) Elq. Worth Houfe, Devon.

Worth (Mrs. Mary) Tiverton.

Wray (Mrs.) Richmond.

c 3 Watt



SUBSCRIBERS NAMES.



Watt (Mr.) London.

Ward LAW (Mrs. Sufan) Edinburgli.



York (His Grace the Archbifliop of)
YoRKE (Hon. John).



mKHOBBCSKVra



CONTENTS.



CONTENTS of the FIRST VOLUME:



Chapter I. Page, l ,



NTRODUCTioN. — Rcvolt among the Negroes in Dutch



I

Guiana — An Expedition sets out from the Texe^ — Short
Account of the Voyage — The Fleet arrives in the River
Surinam — Reception of the Troops in that Colony-
Sketch of the Lihahitants, Sfc

C n A p T E K II. Pas;e 36.

•I?

General Description of Guiana — of the Colony of Surinam
in particular — Accounts of its earliest Discovery— is
possessed by the English — hy the Dutch — Murder of the
Governor, Lord Somelsdyk — The Settlement taken by the
French and ransomed.

Chapter III. Page 59.
First Revolt of the Negroes; Causes thereof — Distracted
State of the Colony — Forced Peace concluded zcith the
Rebels — Mutiny of Sailors, Soldiers, ^-c.

Chapter



xvi CONTENTS OF

Chapter IV. Page 8 1 ,

Short Interval of Peace and Plenty — The Colomj plunged in
new Distress hy a fresh Insurrection, and nearly ruined — ■
"Review of the Troops for its Defence — An Action zvith
the Rebels — Gallant Behaviour of a Black Corps — The
Arrival of Colonel Fourgeoud's Marines.

Chapter V. Page 93.

The Scene changes — Some Account of a beautiful Female
Slave — The Manner of travelling in Surinam — The Co-
lonel explores the Situation of the Rivers — Barbarity of a
Planter — IVr etched Treatment of some Sailors.

Chapter VL Page 114.

Account of a dreadful Execution — Fluctuating State of
political A fairs — aS7?o;-^ Glimpse of Peace — An Officer shot
dead; his whole Party cut to Pieces, and the general
Alarm revived throughout the Colony.

Chapter VII. Page 1 40.

Armed Barges are sent up to defend the Rivers-~-Description
of the Fortress New Amsterdam — A Cruise in the upper
Parts of Fvio Cottica and Patamaca — Great Mortality
among the Troops — View of the Military Post at Devils
Ilarwar.

Chapter



THE FIRST VOLUME. xvii

Chapter VIII. Page 187.

Three Estates burnt, and the Inhabitants murdered by the
Rebels — Real Picture of Misery and Distress — Specimen
of a March through the fVoods of Sui'inam — Colonel
Fourgeoud and the remaining Troops leave Parama-
ribo.

Chapter IX. Page 203.

Some Diseases peculiar to the Climate — Groupe of Negroes
newly imported going to be sold — Reflections on the Slave
Trade — The Voyhgefrom Africa^ — Manner of selling them
in the Colony — Description of a Cotton Plantation.

Chapter X. Pao;e 225.

Colonel Fourgeoud inarches to the JVana Creek — Harasses
the Enemy — Account of the Manicole Tree, with its va-
rious Uses — March to the Mouth of Cormoetibo River —
Some Rebels taken — Shocking Treatment of a wounded
captive Negro. .

Chapter XI. Page 268.

The Troops march back to the JVana Creek — The Rebels pass^
near the Camp — Pursued without Success — Great Distress
for JVaitt of Water — Mineral Mountains — The Troops
arrive at La Rochelle, in Patamaca.

Chapter..



xviii CONTENTS.~VoL. I.

Chapter. XII. Page £98.

Description of the Town of Taramariho and Fo?'t Zelandia
— Colonel Fourgeoud's March to the River Marawina — A
Captain wounded — Some Privates shot — Strange Fjxecu-
tion in the Capital — Account of Fort Somelsdi/k — Of the
Hope in Rio Comewina.

Chapter XIII. Page 324.

A Sugar Plantation described — Domestic Happiness in a
Cottage — Further Account of Fourgeoud's Operations —
Dreadful Cruelties inflicted by some Overseers — Instance
of Resentment in a Rebel Negro Captain.

Chapter XIV. Page 351.

Colonel Fourgeoud at Paramaribo — Example of Ignorance
in a Surgeon — of Virtue in a Slave — of Ferocity in a
Commander — The Troops re-enter the Hoods — Account
of Loango Dancing — Uncommon Proof of Fidelity in a

Nes:ro.



"O"



Chapter XV. Page 393.

Description of the Indians, Aborigines of Guiana — Their
Food — Arms — Ornaments — Employments — Diversions —
Passions — Religion — Marriages — Funerals, <^'C. Of the
Caribbee Indians in particular — Their Trade mth the
Europeans.




/.on,i.u,J't,/'/i.fAt.//iirrQfi;oAMJJr/,ii. - ,nX'/Ui,/'t/u.n-/,i:u-,t.



NARRATIVE



OF AN



EXPEDITION TO SURINAM.



CHAP. I.

Introduction.- -^R^Yift/^ nmnng the Negi-oes in Dutch
Guiana — An Expedition sets out from the Texel — Short
Account of the Voyage — The Fleet arrives in the Hiver
Surinam — Reception of the Troops in that Colony-
Sketch of the InhahitantSy <^-c.

' I HIE exploring of foreign countries having of late c n a v

"*• years, and particularly since the recent discoveries
of the immortal Captain Cook, so generally been the
object of persons both in private and pubhc situations ;
and the histories of their labours and pursuits being so
interesting to the curiosity of the Public, I have ventured
to offer such observations as 1 have had an opportunity
of making in a very singular part of the Globe, on which
few Englishmen have been thrown, either by accident
Vol. I. B or




NARRATIVE OF AN
or curiosity. The colony of Surinam, in Dutch Guiana^
so far as it is inhabited and cultivated by Europeans near
the sea-coast, has indeed been known for many years
past. But the deep inundations, with the impenetrable
tliickness of the Avoods, have been such constant discou-
ragements and obstructions to discovery, that but very
little true information concerning that country hath as yet
been obtained, except what relates to such objects of com-
merce as are common to most of the tropical settlements.
This publication, therefore, is chiefly intended to particu-
larize such circumstances and events as the necessity of
penetrating into the interior parts of the country have
enabled me to make, and forced on my observation.

The feeling part of my readers, I must hope, will re-
ceive with some indulgence a work proceeding from an
officer, who, from his early 3^outh, was debarred in ac-
quiring perfection, either as a writer or a painter, by his
military and maritime profession. I nevertheless humbly
flatter myself that whatever may be found wanting in
style and elegance, is in some degree compensated by that
fidelity and correctness, wliich can alone be the work of
a pen and pencil employed on the spot. With respect
to a few quaint expressions, and even oaths, as spoken by
common soldiers^, sailors^ &c. that sometimes unavoidably
occur in the narrative of this wonderful expedition, 1
must humbly request the world not to be startled at
them, not only because the shades of black and white
1 1 enlivea



EXPEDITION TO SURINAM.

enliven the picture, but because I am determined to write
truth only, and expose rzce and f oily in their native colours.
— Come then, 7111/ friends —

" Together let us beat this ample Jield,
" Try what the open, what the covert yield ;
" The latent tracts, the giddy heights, explore
' ". Of all who blindly creep, or sightless soar :

" Eye Natures zvalks, shoot Folly as it flies,
" And catch the manners living as they rise ;
" Laugh where we must, be candid where we can ;
" But vindicate the ways of God to man."

POTE.

I WILL now boldly launch out on the difficult task.— f
As the nature, however, of these transactions can only
be understood by a reference to the occasion Avhich call-
ed me thither, I feel myself under the necessity of still
premising a few words upon that subject.

Every part of the World, where domestic slavery is
established, may be occasionally liable to insurrection
and disquiet, more especially where the slaves constitute
the majority of the inhabitants ; but the colony of St^
r'inatn, in Dutch Guiana, has been peculiarly unfortunate
in this respect. Whether from the shelter which is af-
forded to the fugitives by the immense forests which
overspread the most considerable part of this country, or
whether the government of this settlement be radically
defective, it is a certain fact, that its European settlers

B 2 are





NARRATIVE OF AN
are constantly exposed to the moft violent ravages, and the
most desperate outrage. Of these circumstances this, is
not, however, the place for a minute detail. Let it suffice
therefore for the present, only to observe, that these re-
peated revolts and insurrections demanded at length the
most vigorous measures for the restoration of a general
peace ; and that the accounts transmitted to Holland, in
the year 1 772, that a considerable body of armed people
of this description had assembled in the forests, and be-
came extremely formidable to the colony, determined their
High Mightinesses the States of the United Provinces to
send out a sufficient maritime force to oppose the insur-
gents, and, if possible, to quell the insurrection.

The British navy had ever been my choice and am-
)>ition, in which I Avas well recommended ; but the
fmall hopes of preferment I had naturally to expect in
time of peace, and my paternal estate being lost just after
my birth, by accidental misfortunes, induced me to relin-
quish the hopes of advancement in the sea-service, and
to accept an ensign's commission, presented me without
purchase, in one of the Scots brigade regiments in the
pay of Holland, where Siy Joseph York (late Lord Dover)
at that period was ambassador from the British court;
before which nobleman 1 had the honour to take the
usual oaths of abjuration and allegiance to my King,
and Country, as registered at the British war-office. — •
This point I have also thought it right to premise, as

a duty



EXPEDITION TO SURINAM,
a duty owing to myself, to shew the world in general that
it was necessity not choice that compelled me to enter
into a foreign service; though perhaps a more ancient
and distinguished corps does not exist than the above
brigade has proved to be, both in this island and on the

«

continent, for above two hundred years.

At the time of the above insurrection I M'as Lieutenant
in tlie Honourable General Jolin Stuart's regiment; when,
impressed by the hopes of traversing the sea, my favour-
ite element, and in som€ measure gratifying my curio-
sity, in exploring a part of the world not generally
known; still more by the prosped; of that preferment
which might be consequent on so dangerous an expedi-
tion; I instantly solicited admission into a corps of volun-
teers which was preparing to sail for Gniana, and had
the honour, by his Serene Highnefs William V. Prijjce
OF Orange, to be advanced to the rank of Captain by
brevet*, under Colonel Loins lienrij Fourgeotid, a Swiss
gentleman, from the Alpine Mountains, Avho was ap-
pointed our Commander in Chief.

Having taken the oaths of fidelity on the 12 th of No-
vember to the new corps, and prepared what was neces-
sary for the voyage, I bade farewell to my old regi-
ment, and immediately sailed to the island of Texel,
where several of our gentlemen were already assembled ;

* Each officer was permitted to re- Europe, a vacancy being there pre-
enter his former reg-uieiU, if he fur- ferved for hiui during his abfence.
^jved the expedition; and returned to

and




G NARRATIVE OF AN

CHAP, and where, on going ashore, I had nearly perished by the
boat's shipping a sea, and sinking in the surf.

The island of JViej-higen was however the spot of ge-
neral rendezvous: here Colonel Fouigeoud arriving on
the 7th of December, the volunteers were all assembled,
to the number of five hundred fine young men; and on
the morning of the 8th we were formed into seven com-
panies, and embodied as a regiment of marines. Besides
the Boi'eas and IVeJieUingxDerf men-of-war, commanded
by Captains Van de Velde and Crufs, three new frigate-
built transports were put in commission, carrying ensign,
jack, and pennant, and armed with from ten to sixteen
guns, as sloops of war; on board ihefe vessels we embarked
the same afternoon under a general salute, then took the
command, and did the duty as in the navy.

Our departure was not however immediately conse-
quent on our embarkation. We lay wind-bound in the
Texel roads for many days, during which time one of our
young officers, a Mr. HeJJeling, was unfortunately seized
with the small-pox : this gentleman, in order to pre-
vent his infecting the ship's company, was ordered on
shore to a town on the land's end, called the Helder, where
I conducted him in a pinnace, and where we left him
behind us; but on my return, the surgeon declaring he
saw the symptoms of the same disorder on myself, I was
also immediately ordered to the island of Texel. Hav-
ing passed a most anxious quarantine in this place, I had



Online LibraryJohn Gabriel StedmanNarrative of a five years' expedition, against the revolted negroes of Surinam, in Guiana, on the wild coast of South America; from the year 1772, to 1777: elucidating the history of that country, and describing its productions ... with an account of the Indians of Guiana, & negroes of Guinea (Volum → online text (page 1 of 27)