John George Hall.

A history of South Cave and of other parishes in the East Riding of the county of York online

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Butbor of ''H'lotices of Xincolnsbire," Sc.


TouLMiN Smith.

Ht:i.I. :

7, (;e(')R<;f, STKF.i'yi' & 27, Dock Si'KF.Kr,








Cave Castle (frontispiece)

Block of Lead found at .South Cave ... ... ... .-. 3

Church of All .Saints, South Cave ... ... ... 26

Map of South Cave ... ... ... ... to face 65

Efifigy of a Knight in All Saints, North Cave ... ... 73

Effigy of a Lady „ , 95

Church of St Nicholas, Newhald ... ... ... ... 112

The Font „ ,, ... ... ... ... 114

Urn, and Anglo Saxon Ornaments ... ... ... ... 124

Sir John Hothani ... ... ... ... ... ... 137

House at Wallingfen ... ... ... ... ... ... 151

Walmsley Memorial Chapel ... ... ... ... -^152

Tomb at Eastrington ... ... ... ... ... ... 159

Church of St. Peter, Rowley ... ... ... ... 188

Church of All Saints, Brantingham ... ... ... ... 195

Church of St. Mary, EUoughton ... ... ... ... 210

Brough House ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 217

Church of St. Helen, Welton ... ... ... ... 225

Old Church at North Ferrihy ... ... ... ... ... 236

Swanland Manor ... ... ... ... ... ... 240

Hesslewood ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 252

Church of St. Andrew, Kirk-Ella ... ... ... ... 263


'' f ^HE present age is undoubtedly to a great extent one of sen-
'■- sational productions, and the details of local topography
may probably appear uninviting even to those who feel some
degree of interest in the sayings and doings of their predecessors,
and are desirous of realizing the ancient condition of the district
in which they reside.

The increasing intelligence of the age seems to demand the
adoption of some new and striking method of presenting anti-
quarian truths, so that they may be interesting as well as

This has been our aim, but how far we have succeeded in
doing so we must leave the reader to judge.

The present work is far from professing to give an exhaus-
tive account of the various matters connected with the parishes
in the district ; but as this jjarticular portion of the county
seems to us to have been greatly neglected in the past, we
venture to send it forth as a kind of pioneer, until some
abler pen shall delineate more fully a district so rich in historical


'I'hc following pages have been compiled in the hope that
they may not only prove of interest to both residents and visitors
in the district, but may also be the means of preserving for the
use of some future historian many interesting particulars which
miglu otherwise be lost. Shortly after the commencement of
the j)resent work, the materials so rapidly accumulated on our
hands, that it became absolutely necessary either to omit altogether
several of the parishes enumerated in the I'rospectus, or to greatly
curtail the particulars respecting them ; and eventually the latter
course was adopted, as being likely to cause the least amount of
disappointment to our subscribers.

To Mr. ^Villiam Richardson, of South Cave, the work to
a g'reat extent owes its existence. He suggested its collection
and publication, and, by the sacrifice of much time and labour,
has materially assisted in its compilation.

To the Clergy of the district for their uniform kindness in
readily permitting access to Parish Registers, &c., we tender our
sincere thanks. To T. Sturmy Cave, Esq., of Strawberry Hill,
London, for much valuable help; to Mr. and Mrs. Barnard of Cave
Castle, for free access to documents, and for important assistance;
to the Dean and Chapter of York, with their valued Clerk, Mr.
Whitehead, for permissiori to copy from the Torre MSS. ; to Sir
A. K. Rollit, M.P. ; T. T. Wildridge, Esq. ; W. G. B. Page, Esq.
(Assistant Librarian, Hull Subscription Library); Jas. Reckitt, Esq.;
F. R. Pease, Esq. ; T. W. Palmer, Esq. ; Mr. M. Foster, Sancton ;
Captain Judge ; G. E. Weddall, Esq. ; and others, who have
rendered us valuable assistance, our best thanks are due.

ff////, March, iS()i.


ESTLIXCi in a val!c\- at the south-western foot
of the \\o\(\ Hills few [)laces are more pleas-
antly situated than South Cave. It is a small
town and parish about three miles north of
the River Humher, thirteen miles from Hull,
and seven miles south of Market Weighton ;
in the South Hunsley l)eacon division of
Harthill Wapentake, Beverley Union and
County Court District, Rural Deanery of Howden, East Riding
Archdeaconry, and Diocese of York.

The Parish, which has a rateable value of _^9,88i, with 949
inhabitants and an area of 4,337 acres, formerly comprised the
townships of South Cave, T^romfieet, and Faxfleet, containing
together 1,100 persons and 7,480 acres, but in 1861 Bromfieet
and Faxfleet were severed from the parish. T\v' principal land-
owners are Mr. C. E. (x. Barnard, J. P.. Cave Castle: Mr. W. H.



Harrisoii-Uroadlcy, ].\\: ami Mr. (1. (1. Macturk, in addition
to a large number of freehoklers and copyholders.

Uniler the P>aili\viek or Manor Paramount of South Cave
there are three copyhold manors, namely. East Hall ; Fa.xfleet, in
South Cave; and West Hall; formerly held by the families of Malet,
Deyvill, Vavasour, Danby, Harrison, (iirlington, Idell, Washington,
and Lloyd, but all three manors are now vested in Mr. Parnard.
The township is remarkably healthy, the greater part of it resting
upon a bed of gravel, and sheltered from the east by the \\'old

The old Roman street, from Brough to Market-^Veighton,
would pass the site of the present village, and being in a pleasant
valley and in near proximity to the Roman Station o'i Petiiaria it is
not unlikely that the spot would be selected by officers of the
Roman Legions as a suitable one for residential jjurposes. In the
month of January. 1890, a discovery was made in the neighbour-
hood, of an interesting relic of the Roman lead trade. ^^'hen
ploughing in a field near the " Cliffs," a farmer came upon a
block of lead measuring 22 inches in length, 5^2 inches in breadth,
4)4 mches in depth, and weighing gst. 9lbs. An inscri{)tion
appears upon the block in well-executed raised letters, as will be
seen from the engraving. The title may be expanded thus : Caii
lu/ii Froti Brita/iicinii Luiudense ex argen/o — that is (the lead of),
C. Julius Protus, British (lead) from Lutudte, prepared from silver.
C. Julius Protus was the capitalist who worked the mines, and the
mine itself was at Lutudte, a place which was probably in South
Derbyshire. i'he lead is said to have been prepared from silver,
because the silver was always extracted. "^•' This highly inter-

* I'^or a full and most interesting account of inscribed pigs of lead see " A
propos (Fuji Saiiinon de ploinb aittiqite troin'c a Saint Valery-Siir-Sonunc, Notes
Efiii^raphiqitcs ct Ristoriqurs, par. \'. |. \'nil]ant," pulilishcd at Boulogne-svu'-
Mer, 1888.


esting relic is now in the possession of Mr. I^)arnar(l, tlie owner of
tlie field in which it was found. It is curious that long ago— pro-
bably before the year lyoo — a portion of another block of lead was
found at Brough. It was a fragment only, with the letters, hk k x



In Domesday Book there are numerous references to South
Cave, amongst which we find the following : — *

' Cave. Land of the Archbishop of York. In Cave is one carucate and
six ox£;angs to he taxed, where there may he one plough. Kldred, Archhisliop,


held this for one Manor. Now the Canons of St. Peter's [York Minster] have it
under Thomas, Archbishop, and it is waste, except that one Farmer {ceiisorins)
pays ten shillings and eightpence. '

' Land of Earl Hugh. In Cave, Basin and Ulf, and Torchil, had two
Manors of six carucates and two oxgangs to be taxed, and there may lie four
]3loughs. Nigel now has of the Earl in the demesne one plough ; and five vil-
lanes with two ploughs. N'alue in King Edward's time, forty shillings, it is
the same at present.'

' Land of Robert Malet. Manor. In Cave, Gamel had twenty-four car-
ucates of land to I'C taxed where there may be twelve ploughs. Robert Malet
has now four ploughs in the demesne there, and thirty villanes having eight ploughs.
There is a Church and a Priest there, and the site of two Mills. Wood pasture
and coppice wood one mile long and one broad. The whole Manor seven miles

""' From Pawdvven's translation.


long and one broad. N'aluc in King Ivlwaixl's time twelve |)!)Uik1s, now one
hundred shillings.' '■■


During a period of a century after the date of Domesday we
have very httle information respecting this parish, htit in 1291
a Charter was granted "to the Master and P>rethren of the KniglUs
Templars in England, and their successors, for a market on Mon-
day in every week at their Manor of Suth Kave ; and one fair
there every year for four days, namely, on the eve, day, and morrow
o( the Holy Trinity, and on one day following. \\'itnesses : R.
Bishop of Bath and Wells, and others. Dated at Berewyk-upon-
Tweed, loth August." f

The Order of Knights Temi)lars was suppressed in 131 2, and
in the following year a Charter was granted to Peter Deyvill for a
fair and market, which was confirmed in the 22nd of Richard H.,
and again in the first of Henry IV., as appears by an " Inspexi-
mus " dated 31st May, 1400, with the (ireat Seal attached, now in
the possession of Mr. Barnard, and in a good state of preservation.

The following is a translation of the Charter granted to Peter
Deyvill. I

* jE^VVarD, by the Grace of God, Kmg of England, Lord of Ireland, and
Duke of Aquitain, To all Archbishops, Bishops, Abl)ots, Priors, Earls, Llarons.
Justices, .Sheriffs, IVovosts, Officers, and all Bailiffs and others his faithful sub-
jects, greeting. Know ye that we have granted, and by this our Charter have
confirmed, to our beloved and faithful Peter Deyvill, that he and his heirs for
ever may have one Market every week, on Monday, at his Manor of -South
Cave, in the County of York, and one fair there every year for three days to con-

* The great depreciation which had evidently taken place in the value of
land since the time of King Edward (the Confessor) would be accounted for by
the fact that the country between the Humber and the Tyne had been devastated
by command of the Conqueror.

+ Charter Roll, 19 Edward I., No. 17.

:|: Variously spelled Deyvill, De Eyvill, Dayrill, and Davill.


timic, lo wit, (111 llic c\e, nn tlic day, and on the nidirow of llie I [oly Tiinity,
iinluss that market and that fair he to the hint of the neighbouring markets and
fairs. Wherefore we will, and firmly command for us and our heirs, that the
aforesaid I'eter and his heirs for ever may have the aforesaid Market and Fair
at his manor aforesaid with all liberties and free customs to the said Market and
F.iir belonging, except that Market and Fair be to the hurt of the neighbouring
Markets and Fairs aforesaid. These being witnesses : The Venerable Father
William Archbishop of York, Primate of England ; Gilljcrt de Clare, Earl of
Gloucester ami Hertford, llumiihrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and
Esse.x, Henry de I'ercy, Hugh le Despenser, Marmaduke de Thwenge, Edmund
Mauley Steward of our Household, and others. ©tVCll by our hand at
\'ork, the seventh day of May in the seventh of our Reign.' *

Peter Deyvill paid a fine to the King, of forty shillings, "for
having one market and one fair at his Manor of South Cave." f

From the record of proceedings connected with the confirma-
tion of the Charter in the reign of Richard II., it appears that an
Inquisition had been taken at Hull,

"on Friday next, before the ffeast of St. Dunstan, in the twentieth year of the
reign of King Richard H., after the conquest of England, Ijcfore Peter de Buck-
ton, Escheator of the Lord the King, in the County of York, by virtue of his
office, by the oath of Richard Lelorn, John Withernwick the elder, Lawrence
Drenge, Roger Franklain, Thomas Rose, of Goodmanham ; and John Clark, of
North Cave ; Thomas of EUerton, John Grigg, of Ellerker ; Elyat Well, of
Hessle ; Robert Dirkin, John Ellison, of Hessle ; and Thomas Ellerton, jurors,
who say upon their oath that Thomas Dayvill, of South Cave had, and e.xer-
cised, one market every Monday in the week, and one fair every year, in the
Feast of the Holy Trinity, at South Cave, upon the grounds of the Templars
there for twenty years last j^ast, without the Kings license or special warrant,
and which said market and fair the said Thomas aliened in fee to Thomas of
Metham, Chivaler, without the King's license, which said market and fair were
held of the Lord, the King, in capite, and of the value in all issues, according to
the true value thereof, by the year, six marks ; and the said Thomas, the issues
and profits of the said market and fair for twenty years last past, did receive and
lake, from whence he is responsively to the Lord the King. Li testimony where-
of, to this Intjuisition, the jurors aforesaid have set to their seal."

* Enrolled on Charter Roll, 7 Edward H., No. 5.
t Originalia Roll, 7 Edward H., m 19.


Dcyvill pleaded that he "oiit;iit not to account to the KinL(, and
that the market and fair in the hands of the KiiiL? ought not to re-
main, because that he saith that one, Peter Davvll, liis cosen, whose
heir he is — to wit — son of ^^'illiam, son of Roger, scjn of the afore-
said Peter, was seiz'd of the aforesaid Manor of South Cave, with
the appurtenances, to him and his heirs in the time of King

The matter was still pending at the death of the King, antl in
the first year of Henry IV. (1400), it was agreed " that the justices
of our Lord and King, assigned to take the Assizes in the said
County of York, should be appointed, by commission of this Ex-
chequer, to enquire of the premises." The justices made a return
to the writ as follows : —

"To wit, on Monday, in the first week ni Lent, in the within menconed fiisl
year of ye reign of King Henry ye Fourth, after the Conquest, at York, in
the County of York, before John Markham and John Cockhayne, Justices of our
Lord, the King, assigned to take the Assizes aforesaid in the County, came
Thomas Dayvyll, of South Cave, within named, liy his attorney, within named,
and the jurors being likewise called, came, and upon pul^lick proclamation,
made as the custom, is, ' If any knew, or would prosecute, or inform the said
jurors for our Lord, the King upon the matters aforesaid witliin contained, that
then he should come there more fully to inform the said jurors for our Lord,
the King ; ' and hereupon came Y'illiam Gasteign* and Robert Tirwhite, the
King's Serjeants at Law ; William Lodington, the King's Attorney at Law ;
Richard of Norton, Alexander of Lounde, Thomas of .Sancton, John of Pock-
lington, and Robert of Sancton, and offered themselves to inform our Lord, the
King, concerning the premises ; whereupon it is proceeding to the taking of
the Inquisition aforesaid by the jurors first impannell'd, and now appearing, \yhich
said jurors, being elected, tryed, and sworn to speak the truth concerning the
premisses, in the presence of the aforesaid Y'illiam Gasteign, Robert Tirwhite,
William Lodington, Richard of Norton, Alexander of Lounde, Thomas of Sannc-
ton, John of Pocklington, and Robert of Sancton, say upon their oath that Peter
Dayvyll, within mentioned, was seized of the Mannor of South Cave with the
appurtenances within menconed to him and his heirs in the time of King
"" This would doulitless be the famous Judge Gascoign.


Edward, s m of Kiiit^ Ilcniy, to which said I'clcr tiic said Lnrd Edward, '■ laic
King of I'lngland, progenitor of the now King, ditl grant and confirm l)y liis
Charter — sliown in evidence to the above jurors, and within enrolled — that the
said Peter and his heirs for ever should have one market every week on Monday
at the mannor aforesaid, and one fair there every year, to continue three days, to
wit, on the vigil, on thL' day, and on the m )rrow of the Holy Trinity, as in tlic
aforesaid Charter, is more fully contained, and say that the said Peter, by ver-
tue of the grant and confirmation aforesaid, was seized of the market and fair
aforesaid, and that all the heirs of the aforesaid Peter were in like manner seiz'd of
the market and fair aforesaid, until the taking of the Infiuisition aforesaid, wdiereof
mention is within made at the mannor aforesaid, as was lawful for them without
that; that the aforesaid Thomas Dayvyll, or any of his ancestors, the market and
fair aforesaid, did hold upon the ground of the Templars ; or that the said Thomas
Dayvyll the said market and fair to the aforesaid Thomas of Metham, within
named, did alien in ffee as by the Inquisition aforesaid, for the Lord, the King,
is within supposed ; and they say further that the aforesaid Thomas Dayvyll is
heir of the aforesaid Peter Dayvyll in manner as the said Thomas Dayvyll hath
within alleged, and the aforesaid Thomas Dayvyll demands judgment upon the
premisses ; and the premises being seen by the Barons, and having been deliber-
ated thereupon among themselves, it is considered that ye aforesaid Thomas
Dayvyll should be ac(|uitted of the account required of him to be made to the
King concerning the premises, and that the hand of the Lord the King, of and
from the market and fair aforesaid, with the appurtenances, should be amoved,
and that the market and fair aforesaid, together with the issues and profits
thereof received from the time of taking the same into the King's hands should
be to the .said Thomas Dayvyll, free to hold and exercise according to the form
of ye grant of the King abovesaid, always saving the King's accon if he should
otherwise complain thereof; and we have brought the Tenor of the Record and
Press aforesaid at the prosecution of the aforesaid Thomas Dayvyll to be exem-
plified uniler the Seal of our said Exche(|uer. ^^"itness : L. Allerthorpe, at
Westminster, the one-and-thirlieth day of May, in the first year of our reign."

The yearly fair was formerly much resorted to, but is now
very little used except as a jileasure fair, when it is the custom to
make extra provision for the accommodation of visitors, including
an ample supply of the now famous " Cave Cheesecakes."

* The Justices appear to have been under the im[iression that the Charter
was granted to Deyvill by Edward I. and not lulward II.

8 SOUTH cam:.

'I'u give an idea of thctormcr importance ot ihe lairanti wi'ekly
market, it may he menticjiied that Mr liarnartl has a document
datetl in i 782, signed hy eighty-eight persons '' being (.xjrn-faclors,
mercliants, farmers, and tradesmen, agreeing, with the consent and
approbation of I-eiiyns I'oldero Inarnard, Escp, I ,ord of the manor
and soil, and |)roprietor of the tolls thereof, that the market
should commence at ic a.m. instead of 4-30 p.m. (the hour
mentioned in the Charter), for the convenience of those who resort
here Irom a distance ; " and the late Mr. Ceorge Petfield, joiner
who acted as an enumerator at the census in June, 1841, has leit
a memorandum in his books as follows : — " Total residents in the
town, 972. Visitors, cattle dealers, and drovers that came to Cave
Fair on Sunday night, 293."'

The following fines, &c., refer to the time of the Knights
Temjjlars : —

•' Fine l>elween Alan, Master of llie Knights Templnrs in England, plain-
tiff, and (lundretha, who was the wife of ^^'illianl de .'-iaunlon, impedient,
concerning four bo\'ates of land at Cave. The right of the Master is acknow-
ledged." — Feet of I'incs, to Henry III., 22 (old No. ). From Catalogue.

" Fine between Gundretha de Bayville, demandant, and Alexander de
Santun, tenant, concerning one carucate of land in .'^uthcave. The right of
Alexander is acknowledged : to hold of brother Robert, Master of the Knights
Templars in England." — Feet of Fines., ij Henry 11/., jj. From Cata/ogtie.

"Fine between Roliert de Samford, Master of the Knights Temjilars in
England, plaintiff, and John Cundi. Roger de Mulbray hatl destrained the Master
for scutage to the amount of 6-. 8d. (when the fee was taxed at 40s.) for his
free tenement in Sudcave, viz., one carucate of land ; and also to do suit every
three weeks at Roger's Court of Tre^:k. The Master alleged that the said John
ought to ac(iuit him from these services, as being mesne between the Master and
Roger. John acknowledges the right of the Master to hold in frank almoign,
and will acf|uit and defend him from all secular service, (X;c. " — J-'ect of fines, 2g
Henry I IL Froi/i Catalogue.

" Fine between Ixoger de I'^yvill, demandant, and Brother Robert de
Tui':\ill, Master of the Knights Templars in England, concerning one loft anil


two l)o\alcs of land in Siith Cave. Tlic right of the Master is acknowletlgecL'"
<? Edward I.

•'John de Mercato, [of the Market] who brought a writ against the Master
of the Ivnights Templars in I'aigland, that he should ].)erniit him to have com-
mon of the pasture in .Suthcave, does not prosecute ; therefore let him and his
pledges be amerced, viz., Ralph de Rij^plingham and William le \'avasur of
the same." — Assize Roll, York, S and g Edivard J., York N, i-(}, in, i2d.

We have also found further references to South Ca\e in the

Feet of Fines, .Vssize Trials, and Post-Mortem In([iiisitions of the

period, some of which are given below : —

" Fine l)etween Hugh de Branlon, demandant, and Elias de Flamavill,
Thomas de Brabancun, and Thomas de Houne, tenants, of one carucate of
land, with appurtenances, in Cava, on an 7if.-A\z(t o{ niort d aiicestrc. The ten-
ants acknowledged the right of demandant, and gave him two bovates of land —
part of the premises. The demandant then granted all the residue of the said
carucate to the said Elias and Thomas, and the heirs of Elias to hold of him
by Knight service, as much as appertains to the said land, whereof ten carucales
make one Knight's fee, for all service." — Feet of Fines, 4 John. From Cata-

" An assize comes to acknowledge whether Geoffrey de Behlun, brother of
Nigel de Behlun, was seised in his demesne [as of fee] of four bovates of land in
Kaie ; and whether NN'illiam de Aivill holds two l^ovates, and Alexander de
Santon, two bovates thereof. Aivill vouches to warranty ^Nicholas de Behlun,
whom he is to produce for aid of the Court. Santon says he claims nothing in
that land, except the service only. Nigel says that Santon, since the Writ was
sued out, his given that land to Roger, his brother. The jury say that the
gift was made previously; therefore Nigel is amerced, 'he is poor.' Afterwards
Nicholas de Bellhum came and warranted. An agreement [or Fine] was made
between the parties." — Assize Roll, i^ H^^nry III., York, N, i-i — 2nt, id.

"■ An Assize comes to acknowledge whether John .Mauleverer, John de
lladinay, and Ralph ^"oliot unjustly dis-seised William Russel of his free
tenement in Cave. John de Hadenay says that William Russel had of his gift,
in the time of the war, 12s. of rent, which he used to receive from William
Foliot, father of the said Ralph ; and Russel received that rent for three or four
years; and because that gift was made in the time of the war, he (John),
believed that he could not [be said to] disseise Russel thereof. As he acknow-
ledged that Russel was enfeofied, and that he dissei.sed him without judgment,


it is considered that Russtd shall recover his seisin, and John he amerced,. Rus-
sel is amerced for a false claim against Mauleverer ; and Raljih I'dliol is ordered
henceforth to pay the said rent to Russel, &c." — Assize Roll, i j^ ILiiry 111.,
York, vV, /-/ — 2, in, 6d.

" Fine lietween John, son of Richard de Cave, demandant, and Alexander
de Sancton, whom Peter Pltz Alexander vouches to warranty, and who war-
rants to him liy Krnakl de Cave, clerk, concernini; two ko\ates of land, with
appurts, except one toft and one-and-a-half acres of meadow in Suthcave ; and

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Online LibraryJohn George HallA history of South Cave and of other parishes in the East Riding of the county of York → online text (page 1 of 21)