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J[ohn] H[amilton] Se Cheverell.

Journal history of the Twenty-ninth Ohio veteran volunteers, 1861-1865 online

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remained in camp. Sunday, 26th,. marched at 7 a. m.,
with Twenty-ninth Ohio in advance of brigade ; halted
at 3 p. M. and camped for the night (marched ten miles).
27th, marched one and one-half miles, crossed Hanging
Rock creek and went into camp. 28th, marched at 6:30
A. ]M., Twenty-ninth in rear of brigade (marched eight
miles), and went into camp at i p. m. Mustered for pay
for January and Fe-bruary.

Wednesday, March ist, marched at i p. m., and at
9 p. M. halted and went into camp for the night near Big
Clinch creek (marched twelve miles). 2d, marched
at 8 A. M.; at 12 im. halting for dinner. In the afternoon
moved one-eighth of a mile and camped for the night.
3d, marched at 6:30 a. m.; moved with wagon train;
reached Chesterfield at 11:30 p. m. and \Vent into camp
for the night (marched thirteen miles), March 4th,
moved at 7' a. m., Twenty-ninth in advance of brigade;



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS, 1 45

halted at 4 p. m. and camped for the night (marched
nine miles). 5th, remain in camp all day; detailed
Charles Galpin, company C, and J. Bennett Powers,
company E, as escort at Twentieth corps headquarters.
6th, marched at 8:30 a. m; Twenty-ninth in rear of
brigade; reached Cheraw at 1:15 p. m.; halted for dinner,
and at 4 fell in and crossed the river, -marched four miles
and camped for the night (marched sixteen miles). 7th,
marched at 7 A. m.; halted at 2:30 p. m. ; went into camp
for the night; marched on the Fayetteville road (fourteen
miles). 8th, marched at 11:30 a. m.; halted at 1:30
for dinner; at 4:30 fell in, and at 10:15 p. m. halted and
camped for the night (marched eight miles). 9th,
marched at 6:30 a. m., and at 2 p. m, halted for dinner;
at 3 fell *in, and at 6 halted and went into camp
for the night (marched thirteen miles). loth,
marched at 3:30 p. m.; Twenty-ninth in advance of
brigade; marched four miles and camped for the night,
nth, marched at 6:30 a. m.; Twenty-ninth in rear of
brigade; halted at 7:30 p. m. for supper, and at 10:30
fell in and marched until 2:20 a. m,; went into camp for
the night (marched thirteen miles). 12th, marched at
8 A. M.; reached Fayetteville at 4 p. m., and camped for
the night (marched thirteen miles). 13th, marched at
2:30 p. M.; passed through Fayetteville and camped for
the night. 14th, marched at 4:30 a. m.; crossed Cape
Fear river; marched two miles; halted for breakfast, and
remained in camp for the day. 15th, marched at 12
M., eight miles, and at ii p. m. camped for the night.
1 6th, marched at 9 a. m., Twenty-ninth in advance of
brigade, and at 7 p. m. halted; Twenty-ninth were for-
tunate enough to remain a detail for picket (marched
seven miles). 17th, on picket. i8th, marched at 7 a. m.,
Twenty-ninth in rear of brigade; halted at 7 p. m., and



146 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

went into camp for the night (marched eight miles).
19th, marched at 11 a. m., with division train (marched
eleven miles); halted at 6:30, and camped at 9:30 p. m.;
packed up and marched with train on Goldsboro road;
joined First and Third divisions of the Twentieth army
corps; marched all night, and in the morning arrived at
the battlefield of Bentonville. 20th, in camp all day
with constant artillery firing during the day. 21st, in
camp and the artillery is steadily firing. 2 2d, marched
at 8 A. M., Twenty-ninth Ohio in advance of brisjade;
halted at 12 m. for dinner; at i p. m. fell in and marched
on the Goldsboro road; halted at 12 m. at night, and
went into camp (marched fifteen miles). 23d, marched
at 6 a. m.. Twenty-ninth Ohio in rear of division train;
halted at 11:30 for dinner; at 12:30 p. m. fell in, crossed
the Neuse river (marched twelve miles), and went into
camp for the night. Corporal Exceen, company A, was
wounded by a rebel while on picket. 24th, marched
at 7 A. M. and entered Goldsboro, North Carolina, at 12
M.; passed through town and went into camp; at 4:30
p. M. orders were received detailing the Twenty-ninth
Ohio to guard a wagon train for the Second division;
reached the point of destination at 7 p. m., near the
Wilmington railroad, and camped for the night (marched
eight miles). 25th, marched at 8 a. m., and arrived at
Goldsboro at 12 m. (noon); passed through town about
two miles and went into camp.

From March 25th to April 9th we were doing the
usual duty in and around camp and on picket. On the
loth inst. marched at 6 a. m., moved up the river and
went in camp for the night at 11 o'clock, nth, marched
at 6 A. M., reached Smithfield at 3 p. m., camped for the
night. 1 2th, received the news of the surrender of Gen-
eral R. E. Lee and his army at 8 a. m. and marched at



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS.



147



9 A. M.; halted at 6:30 p. m. and camped for the nigh,
(marched seventeen miles). 13th, marched at 5:30 a,
M., Twenty-ninth Ohio in advance; passed through
Raleigh, North Carolina, and at 2:30 p. m. halted and
■went into camp (marched fifteen miles). Remained in
camp until the 25th. On the 20th reviewed by General
John W. Geary, and on the 2 2d the Twentieth army
corps was reviewed by General W. T. Sherman. Sun-
day, 23d, inspection. 25th, arched at 9 a. m.,
Twenty-ninth Ohio in rear of brigade; halted for dinner,
and at 3 p. m. fell in and marched fifteen miles; halted
at 8 p. M. and camped for the night. 26th and 27th,
in camp. 28th, returned to our old camp near
Raleigh, North Carolina. 29th, in camp. 30th,
marched at 7 a. m.; passed through Raleigh, and at 6
p. M. halted and camped for the night (marched fifteen
miles).

May I St, marched at 5 a. m,; at 12 m. halted for
dinner; at i p. m. fell in, crossed Tar river, and at 6 p.
M. camped for the night (marched twenty-three miles).
2d, marched at 5 a. m.; halted at 11:45 for dinner; at
I p. M. fell in, marched twenty miles, and at 5 p. m.
camped for the night (Twenty-ninth Ohio in advance of
brigade). 3d, marched at 4:30 a. m.; marched to the
State line of Virginia, a distance of eleven miles, and
camped for the night. 4th, marched at 6 a. m.; crossed
the Roanoke river; at 2 p. m. halted for dinner; at 5 fell
in and moved forward; halted at 6:30, and camped for
the night (marched twenty miles). 5th, marched at
5:30 A. M.f at 2:15 p. M. halted for dinner; marched at
4; halted at 6:30 and camped for the night (marched
twenty miles). 6th, marched at 5 a. m.; halted at
10:45 ^^^ dinner; fell in at i p. m.; passed Black and
White station on the south side railroad, and at 6:30 p.



148 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

M. camped for the night (marched eleven miles). 7th,
marched at 6 a. m.; at 11:45 halted for dinner; fell in
at 1:30 p. M., and crossed the Appomatox river; at 6:15
camped for the night, Twenty-ninth Ohio in advance of
brigade (marched twenty miles). 8th, marched at 6
A. M.; passed Clover Hill coal mines: halted at 12 m.
for dinner; at i p. m. fell in and marched to Falling
creek, and at 7 p. m. camped for the night, Twenty-
ninth Ohio in rear of brigade (marched twenty miles).
9th, moved our camp two miles. loth, in camp all
day. nth, marched at 10 a. m.; passed through
Manchester and Richmond in the afternoon, and at 5:30
camped near Brook's creek for the night (marched twelve
miles). 1 2th, marched, at 6 a. m., on Brooks pike;
halted at 10 a. m. for dinner; at 12 m. fell in and
marched to Ashland, and at 6:30 camped for the night
(marched 12 miles). J 3th, marched at 5:30 a. m.;
crossed the South Anna; halted at 11:30 for dinner; at
I p. M. fell in, crossed the Little river, and at 3:30 went
into camp (marched sixteen miles). Sunday, 14th,
marched at 5 a. m., Twenty-ninth Ohio in advance of
brigade; crossed the North Anna river, and at 12 m.
halted for dinner; fell in at 2 p. m.; marched on the
Spottsylvania Court House road; halted at 5:30 and
camped (marched eighteen miles). 15th, marched at
5 A. M., Twenty-ninth Ohio in rear of brigade and divis-
ion train; halted at 11:45 f^^ dinner; fell in; passed
through Chancellorsville, crossed the Rappahannock and
at 10 p. M. camped for the night (marched twenty miles).
1 6th, marched at 4:30 a. m.; halted at 12 m. for din-
ner; at 1:30 p. M. fell in and marched on the road that
leads to Warrenton junction via Hartwood church, and
camped for the night (marched, eighteen miles). 17th,
marched at 5 a. m., reached Brentsville at 2 p. m., a dis-



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS. 1 49

tance of twelve miles, and camped for the night. i8th,
marched at 6 a. m.; halted at 12 m. for dinner; fell in
at 2:30 p. M, marched until 9 p. m., and camped for the
night; William Lutz, company H, injured by the falling
of a tree (marched fifteen miles). 19th, marched at
6 A. M.; halted at 12 m. for dinner; at 1:30 fell in, moved
forward; at 6:30 p. m. reached Clouds Mills, Twenty-
Ninth Ohio in advance of brigade (marched fifteen
miles). 20th, 2ist, 22d, 23d, and 24th, in camp.

25th, moved forward to Washington, District of Co-
lumbia, where it attended the grand review, the grand-
est spectacle the world has ever seen, and thence to
Bladensburg, where it received the new colors, which
the following matter, furnished by comrade G. W. Hollo-
way, v/ill sufficiently explain.

The new flag for the Twenty-ninth regiment, contrib-
uted by the citizens of Summit and Ashtabula counties,
was accompanied by the following letter from Colonels
Buckley and Fitch. The receipt of the new flag is
gracefully acknowledged by the letter of Mr. G. W. Hol-
loway, appended thereto, which letter was accompanied
by the old flag, which had been borne by this gallant reg-
iment in so many bloody battles.

Akron, May, 1865.

Col. Jonas Schoonover. Dear Sir : — We have the
honor and pleasure of forwarding to the gallant old
Twenty-ninth another national flag, the gift of its old
friends in Ashtabula and Summit counties. This is the
third national flag given the regiment from the same
source. It is certainly a strong proof that its friends
still believe it to be one of the bravest of the brave of
the many noble regiments Ohio has given to fight this
great battle. If the regiment had no other proof than

s old and tattered flags, that alone would show that it



150 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

had been in the thickest of the fight, ever ready to-
breast the fury of the battle storm; but its history tells-
us that it has borne an honorable part in nearly a score
of the hardest fought battles of the war. Citizen sol-
diers, take this flag and bear it aloft wherever duty calls,
and your friends will take your past record as a guaran-
tee that it will never be dishonored by the Twenty-ninth
Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Colonel, please re-
member us to the dear old Twenty-ninth, and accept for
yourself our best wishes.

Lewis P. Buckley,
William T. Fitch,
Old Cols, of the Twenty-ninth Ohio.

Headquarters Twenty-ninth Ohio, )
Bladensburg, Maryland, Junes, 1865. i
Colonels Buckley and Fitch, and S. A. Lane, Esq.:

Gentlemen: — In the name of the officers and men
of the Twenty-ninth Ohio veteran volunteer infantry, I
herewith acknowledge the receipt of the beautiful flag
presented the regiment, and in return I present to you
the old one, which it has been our proud honor to carry
victoriously over many hard-fought battle-fields. That
dear "old flag" which has been our companion through
years of fearful war and carnage, and which symbolizes
our glorious nationality, tells its own story. We return
it to you, but not so beautiful in form and color as when
presented to us eighteen months ago. But whilst its
external beauty has been defaced, yet the great life-
giving principles of which it is the exponent, are all the
more deeply enshrined in the hearts of its defenders, and
Liberty receives through this standard another bright and
shining star to her beautiful constellation. Take it, then^
and place it among the archives of the nation, that it
may be preserved as a sacred memorial, and handed



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS. 151

down to latest posterity as a glorious legacy and standard
that was borne, as by angel hands, in opposition to op-
pression and rebellion. Be assured that it is with a
renewed national pride that we look upon this beautiful
flag presented to the Twenty-ninth Ohio, by the patriotic
and loyal citizens of Summit and Ashtabula counties.
The past history of almost four years in war, speaks for
our conduct as soldiers and patriots for the future. We
promise never to desert this flag, nor will we permit
traitors or rebels to wrest it from our hands. We will
always be willing and ready to unfurl it in defense of the
principles of our glorious, free Republic. Truly our
country's faith has learned a new interpretation of her
standard. The white typifies the purity of purpose which
belongs to her true ruler; the red points to the crimson
tide in which life flows forth a willing offering; the blue
reminds her of her^home in heaven, to which all the good
are gathered; the stars in her banner tell of light in
darkness, and she shall learn to range them in a new and
beautiful order, as the constellation of the cross. It is
that flag which has solved most conclusively the long
disputed problem of a free republican form of govern-
ment. It was that flag which was so bravely and triumph-
antly carried through the ordeal of war by our Revolu-
tionary sires, and encircled them with a halo of glory
that shall be handed down untarnished to millions of
unborn freemen. It was that flag which, under God, en-
abled our forefathers to gain our glorious independence,
and here, in this beautiful land of lakes and rivers, rear
a temple of liberty which stands first among the nations
of the earth, the envy and admiration of all. It is the
flag which we have learned to love and to defend, and
which we cherish in our hearts as the guardian angel of
our country.



152 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

May that same God who has given so many brave
hearts to defend it, continue to preserve it, and may it
give hght and hberty to millions who are yet groaning
under tyranny and oppression. But we would not pass
by unnoticed the many noble brave men who offered
themselves a willing sacrifice upon our country's altar
in defense of that national banner. The voices of our
fallen comrades are borne to us in solemn silence by
every breeze that fans our brow. The South is billowed
with the graves where sleep the patriot martyrs of con-
stitutional liberty, until the resurrection morn. We hold
them dear to our hearts, for may it never be forgotten
that their deeds of valor facilitated the consummation of
the glorious results which have just been achieved.
Though they be dead, they yet speak, and will continue
to speak to the end of all time, and dear to each patriot
heart will ever be the memory of those who died in
defense of the Union.

"There are many
Patriots have toiled in their country's cause,
Bled nobly, and their deeds, as they deserve.
Receive proud recompense. We give in charge
Their names to the s'weet lyre. The historic muse
Proud of her charge, marches with it down
To latest time : and sculpture, in her turn.
Gives bond, in stone and ever-during brass.
To guard and immortaUze her trust."

At Bladensburg we went into camp, and remained
until June 10. Marched to Washington at 8 p. m., and
embarked on the cars of the Baltimore & Ohio rail-
road and steamed away homeward, bound to Parkers-
burg by way of Grafton, West Virginia, thence by boat
to Louisville, Kentucky; moved five miles into the
country, where we remained until the 13th day of July,
when we were mustered out. Repairing to Camp
Taylor, near Cleveland, Ohio, we were paid off and



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS. 153

formally discharged from the service on the 2 2d and
23d days of July, 1865.

We have now followed the regiment through nearly
four years of the most arduous service which ever fell to
the lot of any organization of this character, marching
and fighting through most of the States in rebellion, its
pathway marked by the graves of our comrades who fell.
In the interim, hundreds of the brave 1540 who were
upon its rolls, pass under the charge of the worse than
fiends of hell, who presided at Libby, Belle Isle, Ander-
sonville, and other courts of death, by courtesy called
rebel prisons, where, after being robbed of all they pos-
sessed, and even stripped of necessary clothing, they
were subjected to a systematic course of starvation (and
that, too, under the immediate supervision of that foul
blot upon humanity, Jeff Davis) until their brave spirits
went out to the God who gave them. In the army of
the East, with the army of the West, with Sherman in
the glorious march to the sea, and the brilliant campaign
of the Carolinas — where there was danger and death —
shone the "white star" of the Twenty-ninth. The
skirmish line and the advance became so nearly the
normal condition of the regiment that assignment to
positions less dangerous elicited exclamations of surprise
from the "boys."

At length the last ditch, so frequently referred to by
the braggart rebels, was reached — chivahous ]eff Davis
in hoc and crinoline begged that mercy be shown to
"woman and children." The bubble secessia burst, and
the command, now reduced to a mere handful, turn sadly
northward, its columns " gaping from the havoc of shot
and shell, and the disease of the camp, and prison pen,
its colors ragged and torn, but proud and defiant as ever
— one grand ovation to the living, a sad wailing requiem



154 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

for the dead," and ''good byes" are said in the beautiful
Forest city, as each departed for their homes to assume
the peaceful avocations of four years before.

Gradually they have drifted away — some to a quiet
nook in the country church yard, and others to the east,
we^t, and south, until now they may be found in nearly
every State and Territory in this vast Union. Annually
they come together m re-union at some convenient point
in Puritan Western Reserve, and

" Fight their battles o'er again."

Each year a committee is appointed whose duty it is

to draft resolutions of condolence to the memory of the

comrades whose "final statements" have been called for

since the last meeting, and this committee always have

something to do. Each yearly roll call is shorter than

its predecessor, and it does not require a long look into

the future to find only the roll — no one to call it, and

none to answer to their names if called.

Absent " comrades, gone before us
In the 'great review' to pass —
Never more to earthly chieftain
Dipping colors as ye pass —
Heaven accord ye gentle judgment
As before the throne ye pass."

While almost within gun shot of the site of the can-
vass covered field of 1861, busily engaged in well nigh
vain endeavors to retain his grip upon the "ragged edge"
of a somewhat precarious existence, and but a few laps
in advance of the grim gentleman with the hour glass
and scythe, abides

The Drummer Boy(?) of Company B.



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS. 1 55



GENERAL REVIEW.



The following review of the battles, sieges, marches,
and campaigns in which the Twenty-ninth regiment was
engaged, is from the pen of Colonel Jonas Schoonover.
It gives in brief the important work of the regiment
during its nearly four years' service, and should the
"gentle reader" find the descriptive portion of the his-
tory too voluminous, she has but to turn to this review
to find consolation.

Beginning with the service in the winter of 1 86 1-2,
along the waters of the Potomac and its tributaries, and
in the mountain regions of Hampshire county, the
Romney expedition in West Virginia, the advance to
Winchester via Little mountain and Martinsburg, thence
into the Shenandoah valley. The Strasburg march,
which ended in the battle of Winchester, where the
Federal army, under General Shields, and the rebels,
commanded by General T. J. Jackson, at Kernstown,
engaged in a sanguinary battle on March 23d, 1862, in
which the Union army gained a victory. The Twenty-
ninth Ohio done its full share, suffering shght loss in
killed and wounded. The march up the valley to Mad-
isonburg; the long march to Fredericksburg, leaving the
Shenandoah valley at New Market on the 12th day of
May, 1862, and reaching Fredericsburg May 22, 1862,
a day or two later returning to Luray via Warrenton and
Front Royal, up the Luray valley to Port Republic,
where, on the 9th day of June, it engaged in battle with
heavy loss in killed and wounded. One hundred and
ten were made prisoners. The Twenty-ninth was en-
gaged at short range in the open field against three times



156 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

its number over four hours. During the time the
struggle was desperate on both sides. The battle of
Cedar mountain, seven miles from Culpepper Court-
house, on August 9th, the Union army under Banks, the
rebels under Longstreet, the Twenty-ninth was engaged
in the open field without cover, and sustained consider-
able loss. Then followed the retrograde move to Cul-
pepper; the campaign of General Pope, including the
second battle of Bull Run; and the march to Frederick
City; the winter and spring campaign of 1862 and 1863,
under Major-general Joseph Hooker, at Dumfries, was
memorable for its mtense suffering; then came the march
to Chancellorsville, and the battle there, which began
May ist, and ended on the 3d, in which the Twenty-
ninth suffered heavy loss and was the last to leave the
field. May 5th we crossed the Rappahannock on our
way to Gettysburg via Aqua creek, Dumfries, Fairfax
Court House, Leesburg, Edward's Ferry, Harper's Ferry,
Frederick, and Littletown, where we fought one of the
most determined battles of the war, commencing on the
ist and ending on the 4th day of July, 1863.

We returned to Virginia; moved to New York to quell
riots ; returned again ; advanced to the Rapidan; reported
to the Department of the Cumberland, via the Baltimore
& Ohio railroad, crossing the Ohio river at Bellaire.
On September 30th, we passed through Columbus,
Ohio; Indianapolis, Indiana, and Louisville, Ken-
tucky, and halted at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. In Octo-
ber we passed down to Stevenson and Bridgeport, Ala-
bama, and up the Tennessee river to Wauhatchie valley.

On November 24th and 25th, we were engaged in the
battle of Lookout mountain; Missionary Ridge on
November 24th and 25th, and Taylor's Ridge and Ring-
gold, Georgia, on November 26th and 27th, 1863.



VETERAN VOLUNTEERS. 157

In December of the same year we re-enlisted, and
during the winter we prepared for a vigorous and active
campaign in the early spring of 1864. On May 3d, we
left Bridgeport, Alabama, on the Georgia campaign,
passing around Lookout Mountain, Rossville, and Craw-
fish springs. On May 8th, the Twenty-ninth regiment
took an active part in the battle of Dug Gap, Geor-
gia, where it distinguished itself for bravery unparal-
leled in modern history ; every fourth man was killed
or wounded. We moved on to Resaca, and in the
fight of the 14th our loss was light. We moved
on to Calhoun, Adairsville, Kingston, and Cassville on
May 2 1 St. In the battle of Pumpkin Vine Creek (or
Dallas) from May 25th to the 28th, we met with some
loss. In the battle of Pine Knob on June 15th, the
Twenty-ninth suffered severe loss. Many of its brave
heroes, whose valor will ever be held in memory by every
survivor of the Twenty-ninth regiment, were killed.
The battles of Lost and Kenesaw Mountain were on
June 20th and 27th, and we advanced to the Chattahoo-
chie river, via Marietta, Georgia, and then to the battle
of Peach Tree Creek.

The Georgia campaign, from May 8th until the evacua-
tion of Atlanta on September 2, 1864, a period of four
months, was one continuous battle. The marching
through Georgia was a glorious achievement, and will
ever be recorded as one of the most brilliant feats in this
or any other war. In Sherman's grand march to the
sea and the siege and capture of Savannah, Georgia, the
Twenty-nmth did its full share. It was; engaged
from December loth to the 21st, when it entered the
city of Savannah. On January 27, 1865, we moved on
the campaign through the Carolinas, and were engaged
in the following battles, and skirmishes of this campaign;



158 TWENTY-NINTH OHIO

Averysboro, North Carolina, on March i6th;Bentonville,
North CaroUna, on March 19, 1865, and marching to
Goldsboro on March 24th. After Johnston's army at
Raleigh, North Carolina, and the final march through
Virginia to Washington in May, 1865, we took part in
the grand review, thence to Louisville, Kentucky, on to
Camp Taylor at Cleveland, Ohio, and home. The regi-
ment was in the service nearly four years, and it is but
justice to state that during its entire term it was never


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Online LibraryJ[ohn] H[amilton] Se CheverellJournal history of the Twenty-ninth Ohio veteran volunteers, 1861-1865 → online text (page 10 of 17)