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left to her. The virtual desolation of Austin from
1842 to 1844 swept away her available property
values. So about 1848, with her only remaining tie
to earth, little Mag, she removed to Matagorda
Bay — first to Lavaca and then to Indianola. Mag
married a noble young lawyer and ex-soldier in
Ben McCuUoch's company in the Mexican War,
named James T. Lytle. In October, 1850, she
gave birth to a son, Peyton Bell Lytle, and died,
leaving the little innocent but a few days old. This
child's history would furnish material for a thrill-
ing novel, in which the name of the Hon. Fletcher
S. Stockdale (his secondary father) would be hon-
ored among the pure and just. But I cannot dwell
upon those delicate and heart-stirring facts. Time
passed. Mrs. Eberly visited Lexington, Ky., and
was clasped by the hand of Henry Clay, as one of
the historic and lovable women of the Southwest,
and the sister of his life-long friends. Bailie, Holmes
and William R. Peyton.

A little later this queenly daughter of Tennessee
and Texas died. Despite her sorrows, she left a
handsome and landed estate, and her memory was
revered by Houston, Burnet, Lamar, Jones, Burle-
son, Bee, Sherman and all the then prominent
survivors of the Texas revolutionary and ante-
revolutionary days of Texas.



RANDALL JONES.



Among the very earliest defenders of Texas
was Capt. Randall Jones, who was born in
Columbus, Ga., on the 19th of August, 1786.
In 1810 he removed to Wilkinson County, Miss.
In 1812 he became a Captain of United States
Volunteers and on the 12th of November, 1813,
commanded in the celebrated "Canoe Fight,"
on the Alabama river, in which nine Creek war-
riors were killed. Pickett's history of Alabama
omits mention of Capt. Jones in this affair, award-
ing the credit to Jere Austill, Samuel Dale, Mr.
Smith and others. Many years later Dale waslionized



as the hero of the occasion, the real commander
having soon left that country and, having "no
friend at court," to guard his laurels — a fate that
has befallen numerous early heroes of Texas, whose
merits, after their death, have been overlooked and
sometimes awarded to others. In the instance re-
ferred to Capt. Jones, in command of sixty volun-
teers, marched from Fort Madison for the Alabama
river, on the 11th of November, 1813, and on the
12th fell in with and defeated two parties of Creeks,
the second being the canoe party. The facts written
in the detachment itself, from the east bank of the



€04



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



Alabama, on the 25th of November, were published
in the Washington (Mississippi) Republican, on
the 23d of December, 1813. The writer said:
" Capt. Jones and his party deserve the greatest
praise and honor for the handsome manner in which
the enterprise was conducted."

In the fall of 1814, Capt. Jones visited the Sabine
river. In 1815 again he entered Texas with goods
and traded with the Indians. In 1816 he opened a
store at Nacogdoches and visited Lafitte on Galves-
ton Island to buy negroes, but whether he succeeded
or not cannot be stated. He was hospitably enter-
tained, however, and found in the famous buccaneer
a man of external polish and winning address. He
temporarily allied himself with the first scheme of
Long, in 1819, and in command of a small party
near where Washington is on the Brazos, he was
driven, along with all of Long's followers, from the
country, by Spanish troops from Mexico.



Early in 1822 he permanently settled, as an Amer-
ican colonist, on the Brazos, in Fort Bend County,
and thenceforward, till age asserted its supremacy,
was all that patriotism and good citizenship imply,
his courage and experience in Indian warfare ren-
dering him doubly useful. In September, 1824, he
commanded in a severe but unsuccessful engagement
with tbe Carancahua Indians on a creek in Brazoria
County, from which the stream has ever since been
known as "Jones' creek." In this fight fifteen
Indians were killed, and three white men, viz. :
Spencer, Singer and Bailey.

Capt. Jones reared a highly respectable family,
served in the Consultation, the first revolutionary
convention, in November, 1835, and continued to
reside on his original Brazos home till a short time
before his death. Losing his eyesight he removed
to Hodston, where he died in June, 1873.



JOHN AUSTIN.



The early death of the sterling patriot, Capt.
John Austin — dying before the revolution began in
1835 — has been the cause (as is true of a number
of other gallant and conspicuous men in the earliest
trials of Texas, who died prior to the same period),
of his name not being familiar to the people of the
present time. Yet he is justly entitled to be ranked
among the foremost and most valuable men of the
colonial period of our history and, as will be seen,
somewhat before that period was inaugurated.

John Austin was born and reared in Connecticut,
but was not of the family of Moses Austin, a native
of the same State, who, in 1821, received the first
permission ever granted under the authorities of
Spain to form an American settlement in Texas.
When quite young John Austin drifted to the
Southwest, in various ways developing nerve, intel-
ligence, love of adventure and capacity to lead. In
1819 he left New Orleans under the auspices of
Capt. Long's second expedition into Texas, then
announced as in aid of the patriot cause in the
Mexican revolution against Spain. (Long's first
expedition, a few months before, avowed the pur-
pose and actually inaugurated at Nacogdoches, on
paper, the form of an independent Republic, but



his divided force of about three hundred men was
speedily driven from the country by Spanish troops. )
This second expedition avowed a different purpose
and was joined by a number of exiled Mexican
patriots, the chief of whom was Don Felix de Tres-
palacios. The expedition rendezvoused on the
barren island of Galveston and Bolivar Point on the
mainland. Trespalacios, accompanied by the in-
trepid Kentuckian, Col. Ben. R. Milam, Col.
Christy, of New Orleans, and others, sailed down
the coast and effected a landing somewhere north
of Vera Cruz and formed a junction with patriots
in the country. Long, with only fifty-two men, by
an understanding with Trespalacios, sailed down
the coast into Matagorda Bay, thence into the bay
of Espiritu Santa and up the Guadalupe river a
few miles, where he landed and marched upon La
Bahia, now known as Goliad. John Austin was
one of his chief lieutenants. La Bahia was sur-
prised and easily captured. A few days later a
Spanish force from San Antonio appeared and hos-
tilities began, lasting two or three days, when Long
was seduced by Spanish cunning into a capitula-
tion, under the absurd pretense that his assailants
were also patriots and had been fighting under a



INDIAN WABS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



60&



misapprehension, and a promise that their arms
should be restored as soon as the alarm of the cit-
izens subsided, and that they should be treated as
brother patriots. As soon as disarmed, however,
they were harshly treated as prisoners and sent to
San Antonio and next to Monterey. Omitting de-
tails, it so happened that about this time news
spread all over Northern Mexico that the revolution
had triumphed and a new order of things had been
inaugurated in the capitol. Then Long and his
men -were released and considered as brethren.
Long, with John Austin and Maj. Byrne, was al-
lowed to proceed to the city of Mexico, where
they were hailed as friends and co-workers in the
great cause of Mexican independence. Time hur-
ries. Trespalacios, Milam and Christy had also
reached the capitol. Trespalacios was announced
as prospective Governor of Texas. Long was
basely assassinated. His countrymen there be-
lieved Trespalacios, through jealousy or some other
cause, instigated the murder. They (Milam, Aus-
tin and Christy) hastened back to their fifty friends
in Monterey and arranged a plan to wreak vengeance
on Trespalacios on his way to Texas. They were
betrayed by two of their own number and sent to
the capitol as prisoners, where they remained some
months, till late in 1822, when, through the inter-
cession of Joel R. Poinsett, Commissioner from the
United States, they were released and through
him sent from Tampico to the United States on the
sioop-of-war, '■'■John Adams." John Austin and
others were landed at Norfolk, Va., and a few pro-
ceeded from Havana to New Orleans.

In the meantime, under the inspiration of the
then deceased Moses Austin, but under the leader-
ship of his son, Stephen F. , American settlements
were beginning in Texas. Ere long John Austin
cast his lot with them, and thenceforward was a
pillar of strength to the settlements on the lower
Brazos. A man of sound mind, conservative and
courageous, he was a safe counselor and a recog-
nized leader. Yet, for several years, nothing oc-
curred to distinguish him from other intelligent and
conscientious men. He married and lived happily.
When all of Austin's colony constituted one mu-
nicipality, entitled to a first and second Alcalde, the
year 1832 marked the era — Horatio Chriesman
being first and John Austin second Alcalde, cover-
ing what now constitutes about twelve important
counties. Chriesman lived in what is now Wash-
ington County and Austin in Brazoria, San Felipe
being the seat of justice.

In the early part of 1832 began the first hostile
troubles between the Americans in Texas and the
Mexican government, inaugurated by a decree of



April 6, 1880, promulgated by that rare combina-
tion of demagoguery, political ignorance, tyranny
and stupidity, Anastasio Bustamente, self- constitu-
ted President of the Republic. That arbitrary de-
cree — the keynote to the downfall of Mexican,
power in Texas — forbade the further immigration
of Americans into Texas. Its direct effect, if tol-
erated, was to sever hundreds of husbands, then in
Texas erecting homes, from their families in the
United States, expEcting soon to follow them.
More remotely it burst into atoms the plans and
prospective intentions of vast numbers of kindred
and neighbors in the United States, represented in
their several special plans by some trusted friend
or agent already in Texas. It was a barbaroua
and senseless decree, issued in utter ignorance of
the Anglo-Saxon character. But in co-ordination
with this exsrcise of power came the establishment
of custom houses and military garrisons, utterly un-
necessary to the enforcement of the revenue laws
and designed only to "harass the people and eat up
their substance." Without going into detail, it is
enough to say that the commander at Anahuaa
(mouth of the Trinity), who, we blush to say, was
a Kentuckian by birth, but in nothing else, so out-
raged the people by his brutal and despotic acts^
that the countrj' rose almost en masse, resolved to
drive the Mexican soldiery from the country. John
Austin stood forth as a leader in that crisis. The
events belong to our general history and cannot be
detailed here. The matters at Anahuac were over-
come without serious bloodshed. But at Velasco,
at the mouth of the Brazos, a bloody battle was
fought on the 26th of June, 1832. John Austin
was the commander, supported by a company under
Capt. Henry S. Brown, co-operating with him on
the shore and an armed schooner in the river,
under Capt. William J. Russell. This force —
forty-seven each under Austin and Brown and
eighteen under Russell — fought 130 Mexicans, in
a strong earthen fort, for nine hours and compelled
them to surrender after two-thirds of their number
had been killed or wounded — the Texians losing
seven in killed and twenty-seven wounded. It was^
the first battle between the colonists of Texas and
the Mexican soldiery — a soldiery not of the Re-
publican but of the Reactionary party in Mexico.
It was a victory heroically won under the leader-
ship of John Austin, and entitles his memory to a
warm place in the heart of every child of Texas,^
now and hereafter.

Almost at the same instant in Mexico, Santa
Anna, as the champion of liberty, lose up and drove
the tyrant from power. Texas rejoiced and hailed
him as a deliverer. Still, grave questions needed



606



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



adjustment and the people of Texas earnestly de-
sired to explain their grievances to the new govern-
ment of Mexico and to ask simply to be let alone
and live in peace. To accomplish this purpose
Horatio Chriesman and John Austin, first and sec-
ond Alcaldes, called a convention of chosen dele-
gates from all the districts in Texas, to meet at San
Felipe on the 1st of October, 1832. Fifty-eight
duly elected delegates assembled. John Austin
was himself a member, and for himself and associ-
ate Alcalde called the convention to order and in a
most lucid and concise manner explained both the
reason for calling and the material objects of the
convention. Stephen F. Austin was elected presi-
dent, and Francis W. Johnson, secretary. Among
the members were William H. Wharton, Luke
Lesassier, James Kerr, Henry S. Brown, Nestor
Clay, Charles S. Taylor, Patrick C. Jack and
William R. Hensley.

The convention sat six days and formulated a
series of measures which, being followed up by the
convention of April 1, 1833, of which William H.
Wharton was president, finally led to the revolution
of 1835 and the independence of Texas. Even at
that early date the sense of the convention was taken
for and against asking that Texas be erected into a
State distinct from Goahuila. Thirty-tsix votes
were cast in favor of, and twelve against, the meas-
ure. This convention, so strangely overlooked by
historians, caused infinitely more agitation among
the Mexican officials than did that of 1833, so often
mentioned, and which sent Stephen F. Austin to
Mexico to ask for the admission of Texas as a State
of the Mexican union, resulting in his dastardly



imprisonment in that country. The result was that
by the ignorant, jealousy-inspired conduct of the
then rulers of Mexico, instead of becoming a happy,
prosperous and contented State of Mexico and a
bulwark to her people against hostile savages,
Texas, within less than three years, threw off the
Mexican yoke and became an independent Republic.
Full many high-spirited youth, in this land of ours,
have been virtually driven from home by similar
parental tyranny, some to ruin, as illustrated in the
Central American States, others to happiness and
prosperity, as in Texas, and, in a qualified sense,
Chili and Venezuela.

In all these years John Austin was a true and
wise citizen, with promise of increasing usefulness,
but a few months after this convention, in the sum-
mer of 1833, the grim messenger, stalking under
the insignia of Asiatic cholera, paused sufficiently
long in Brazoria to strike down not only him, but
D. W. Anthony, a pioneer editor, and other valued
citizens. He left a widow, but no children. The
city of Houston stands on land granted to him.
Neither county, town nor street perpetuates his
name, because appropriated to one more conspicu-
ously identified with colonial affairs. Yet, while
this is so, it seems meet and eminently just that, in
some way, the distinctive names of both Moses and
John Austin should be engraved on the map of
Texas.

William T. Austin, a younger brother of John,
came to Texas in 1830, served in the armies of
1835-6, and died in Galveston in 187^. A third
brother, named Willis Austin, never in Texas, in
1870 resided in Norwich, Conn.



J. E. MOORE,

TEMPLE.



Jonathan Ewing Moore, one of the founders of
Temple, has been a resident of Bell County since
1859, and of the Lone Star State for more than
four decades. He was born in Marion County,
Ala., in 1840, and is a son of Jesse W. and Dezina
(Fitzgerald) Moore, natives of South Carolina and
Alabama respectively. Jesse W. Moore removed
to Texas in 1851, arriving in Bastrop County on the
first day of that year. He purchased land on which
he made his home until 1859, and then moved to
Bell County and settled on Elm creek. There he



opened up a large tract of land with his brother,
James W. His death occurred in 1864, and that
of his wife in 1853. Both were worthy members
of the Baptist Church. After the death of his first
wife, Mr. Moore married a second time, and his
widow now resides on the old homestead in Bell
County.

J. E. Moore acquired an education in the com-
mon schools of Bastrop County. He came to Bell
County with his father, and engaged in farming and
stock-raising. In 1871 he bought a tract of 350



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



607



acres of land, to which he added other tracts, lying
on the wild prairie, and opened a fine farm. Ten
years later the Santa Fe Railroad was built through
the section and the company bought 200 acres of
Mr, Moore's farm for a town site,. The place was
named Temple in honor of B. M. Temple, Chief
Engineer of the Santa Fe Road. Mr. Moore at
once laid out a portion of his remaining land in
town lots, and entered into the real estate business.
He made six individual additions to the place,
called Moore's Addition, Moore's Park Addition,
Moore's Railroad Addition, Moore's Knight Addi-
tion, Moore's Hargrove Addition and Moore's
Crawford Addition. He, also, in copartnership
with others laid out the Jones & Moore and Moore
& Cole Additions. He is also a director of Free-
man Heights Addition. Besides attending to his
large real estate interests, he has assisted in form-
ing some of the most important corporations doing
business in the town. He aided in the organization



of the Compress, Oil Mills and Water Works com-
panies, is a stockholder in the Temple Building
and Loan Association and the Temple National
Bank, is a director in the Temple City Company,
is president of the Temple Hotel Company, and
has an interest in the plow factory. He owns some
valuable real estate in Temple and elsewhere, and
his familiarity with the soil, climate and resources
of Texas is equaled by that of few men in the State.
In 1868 Mr. Moore married Miss Martha V. Free-
man, daughter of John T. Freeman, a native of
Georgia, who came to Texas in 1866. Six children
have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Moore : Dura
Estelle, Jodie E., Jesse Freeman, Mary E., Willie,
and Thomas Edgar, the latter of whom died at two
years of age. The family are members of the
Baptist Church. Mr. Moore is a Knight Templar
and is a member of the Knights of Honor, the
Knights of Pythias, the A. O. U. W., the United
Friends of Temperance and the Grange.



HENRY J. HAMILTON, M. D.,



LAREDO.



Dr. H. J. Hamilton, of Laredo, Texas, was born
in 1864, in Bairie, Canada. The present Countess
of Dufferin and Lord Claud Hamilton of Scotland
are cousins of the Doctor's grandfather, Alexander
Hamilton, Esq., one of the York pioneers and
founders of Toronto, Canada. Dr. Hamilton re-
ceived his preparatory education at Barrie High
School, and graduated at Hamilton Collegiate
Institute in 1880, and then came to Texas, his
parents having moved to this State in 1874. In
1883 he commenced the study of medicine under
Dr. A. E. Spohn, at Corpus ChristI, and graduated
at Louisville, Ky., in 1888, receiving the Regent and
three other gold medals. For three years thereafter
he practiced his profession in Mexico, spent one



winter in New York, and another in Philadelphia,
during which time he still further perfected his
knowledge of the science of medicine and surgery,
and, returning to Texas, associated himself with
Dr. Spohn, at Corpus Christi, where they estab-
lished Bay View Infirmary, for the treatment of
diseases of women. In December, 1893, he moved
to Laredo, and a year later, in that city, married a
daughter of Capt. and Mrs. C. Benavldes. Dr.
Hamilton is United States Pension Examining Sur-
geon for the Laredo District, has recently been
elected a member of the Texas Academy of Science,
and Is one of the most popular citizens of the
section in which he lives.



608



INDIAN WARS AND I'lONEEllS OF TEXAS.



THE POET RANCHMAN,

WILLIAM LAWRENCE CHITTENDEN,

JONES COUNTY.



Larry Chittenden, the "Poet Ranehmaa of
Texas," was born in 1862, in Montclair, N: J., tlie
beautiful suberb of New York. Fond of athletic
sports, hunting, swimming and fishing, when a boy,
he became famous before attaining manhood as a
rider, swimmer and diver, and in the summer of
1891, distinguished himself at Spring Lake Beach,
N. J., by bis daring rescue of two young women
from drowning in the surf, at the risk of his life.



several years in Texas as a salesman for that popu-
lar New York house, and in 1886 moved to this
State and engaged in ranching with his uncle, Mr.
S. B. Chittenden, of Brooklyn, near Anson, in
Jones County, where, as a bachelor, he now resides.
As to the Chittendens, the family has an un-
broken record in this country for thrift and culture,
extending as far back as 1639, when Maj. William
Chittenden settled and established the family at




LARRY CHITTENDEN.



He also early showed an inclination for study and
literature, acquired a good education, possessed
himself of a wide knowledge of the English classics
and laid the foundation, undesignedly at the time,
for the career upon which he has entered in the
realm of poesy. The man whose claim to recogni-
tion is based solely upon ancestry finds a cold wel-
come awaiting him in Texas, but, when personal
merit is added, and the man is admirable and lov-
ing in himself, the people are quick to admire and
to admit him to their heart of hearts.

When very young he entered the wholesale dry
goods business of his father and uncle, and later
withTefft, Weller & Co., in New York, traveled



Guilford, Conn., on the estate now known as
Mapleside, which is still owned by his descendants.
"It was from this hardy old pioneer ancestor,"
says Mr. Clarence Ousley, of Galveston, in The
Illustrated American, " that the poet received his
first name, his second coming from his maternal
grandmother, who belonged to the distinguished
Lawrence family. His maternal grandfather was
Maj.- Daniel Gano, a gentleman of the old school
noted in the South and West for his great learning,
literary talents and courtly manners. Maj. Gano
was himself a poet, and a member of the famous
Kentucky pioneer family of that name. His daugh-
ter, Mrs. Heniietta Gano Chittenden, is the poet's



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



609



mother, and some one has aptly said that Chitten-
den is a rare combination of Northern force and
Southern Are — the Puritan and the Cavalier."
Mr. F. S. Brittain in the Abilene, Texas, Reporter,
thus describes his personal appearance : —

" When the people who do not know Chittenden
see a slight, well-built, active, youngish man, with
a well-shaped head of wavy, glossy black hair, with
black mustache, a face browned by out-of-door life,
with a nose that seems as sensitively full of life as
that of a well-bred terrier, and a mouth both strong
and sensitive, the whole lit up by a pair of change-
able eyes, now gray, now blue, ever moving and full
of interest ; if the man is dressed in fine raiment
which does not appear fine, and which half pro-
claims the ranchman, half the man of the world,
with a dash of the yachtsman and a soupcon of
Bohemianism — that's Larry, God bless him."

Mr. Gr. Herbert Brown, in writing about our poet
in the Galveston News, says of him: —

" The manner of man he is is best made known by
the statement that ten minutes after an introduc-
tion you are calling him ' Larry.' ' Mr. Chitten-
den' seems distant and foreign. His is a warm,
jovial, sympathetic nature — you want to sit down in
a big easy chair and talk with him between whiffs
of smoke ; you forget about dollars and financial
planks and politics and go off into the sweet realms
of fancy. ' The Poet Eanchman of Texas ' — a Bos-
ton man would at once picture him as a strapping
big fellow, with flannel shirt open at a hairy throat,
big, drooping mustache, sombrero, boots, belt, pis-
tols, knives — the typical Texas ranchman of the
comic papers and melodrama. Whatever Larry
may wear on his ranch he doesn't make up anj^ such
patent medicinal fakir fashion in town. He wears
the clothes of a citizen of the world, wears them i
such a manner that you don't notice them at all.
His face is bronzed by the sun, but it is neither
burned nor swarthy. And he has a charm of man-
ner, an ease of address that captivates men and
women alike." He has traveled over a greater part
of the United States and much of Europe, as well,



Online LibraryJohn Henry BrownIndian wars and pioneers of Texas → online text (page 107 of 135)