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if the commission desired it and the State would pay
for it. This, the Governor saw, contemplated an
extra appropriation of one million dollars, whereas
if granite was the best material, the contractors
were under bond to furnish it at their own expense.
The controversy shaped itself into a demand
for Indiana limestone, and in this the alert



662



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



executive saw a job, and promptly put his
stamp of disapproval upon it. After much con-
tention, the contractors and jobbers on one side,
the Governor on the defensive, Texas granite of a
fine color was decided upon, and as an additional
compensation, convict labor was supplied the con-
tractors to work in the quarries. The Indiana
limestone scheme fell flat. The settlement of the
much agitated question was received with great
satisfaction throughout the State, and the following
paragraphs from the San Antonio Times of July
the 19th, 1885, voiced the sentiment of columns
of comments that appeared in the leading journals
of the State: " The action is a complete backdown
on the part of the contractors. They ' bucked '
against Texas material long enough to learn that
Governor Ireland would not submit to their arro-
gance. They even stated that if Indiana limestone
was rejected, they would throw up their contract.
This the Governor had possibly anticipated, as in a
previous interview he had said : ' The State has a
good contract, and all it has to do is to stand on it
and let them build the house, or quit. Thus far it
is well done, and would stand there fifty years and
be in perfect order, and we can sell the lands, com-
plete the building and have money left. There
would then be a chance to break up the land
monopoly created by this contract.' " The Times
article further says: " But the Governor stood firm
as a rock. He held them to their contract, and
intimated that if they did not carry it out there was
a legal means of getting even with them. Seeing
that they could not be moved, that even a majority
of the board could not change his wise and patri-
otic determination, the millionaire syndicate was
forced to take ' back water.' To Governor Ireland's
patriotism and fidelity the triumph is due, and the
Times rejoices in knowing that when a question of
State pride and State interests comes to be decided
upon, we have a man in the executive chair who
first, last and all the time stands up for the State's
rights and can neither be coaxed, bulldozed or
driven into any other line of policy."

Governor Ireland was at various times solicited to
become a candidate for the United States Senate. In
1886, when a successor to Hon. S. B. Maxey was
to be elected, the demand for Governor Ireland to
become a candidate seemed to be peremptory from
all sections of the State. During the resulting
campaign the following appeared in the St. Louis
Post- Dispatch : —

"The campaign for United States Senator, in
which Governor Ireland is supposed to have an in-
terest, and for which position the solid thinkers of the
State are urging him to offer, fails utterly to dis-



tract his attention from the legitimate routine of
his official business. While others are sending out
printed speeches, essays, and so forth, as an earnest
of their ability for the transaction of Senatorial
work, and are making speeches for the same pur-
pose, all more or less imbued with the idea of their
importance to the State, Governor Ireland remains
passive and unmoved amid it all, and continues to
ply bis pen in its regular channel."

Governor Ireland never was a candidate for any
office from an announcement of the fact by himself.
Official honors came to him unsolicited.

Governor Ireland died at San Antonio, Texas, at
11:55 a. m., March 15, 1896, of neuralgia of the
heart, after a brief illness. Mr. and Mrs. E. S.
Carpenter, of Seguin, and Mr. and Mrs. J. W.
Graves, of Houston, his sons-in-law and daughters,
were at his bedside during his last moments. Mrs.
Ireland was prevented by sickness from being pres-
ent. The remains were subsequently brought to
Austin, and after lying in State at the Capitol were
interred in the State cemetery, where sleep Texas'
most distinguished dead. The services were of the
most impressive character. The Bar Association
of Austin met and passed resolutions of respect.
The funeral cortege was one of the largest ever
known in the history of Austin. No mark of honor
to the memory of the dead that his eminent and
patriotic services deserved or that a grateful peo-
ple could pay was omitted.

The following editorial from the pen of his
friend. Col. Joel H. B. Miller, editor of the Austin
Daily Statesman, published in the issue of that
paper of March 18, 1896, is a just tribute to the
worth of the deceased, and is inserted here as a
part of this biographical notice : —

"the late JOHN IRELAND.

"Ex-Governor John Ireland, or all that remains of
him, was buried in the State Cemetery in this city
yesterday. While Governor Ireland was respected
forhisability wherever he was known, he was person-
ally very popular in this city, where he has resided
officially off and on for a number of years. The
citizens of Austin not only had a full appreciation
for his sound sense and large acquirements, but for
his gentleness and suavity of manner to all he came
in contact with. He was by no means a demon-
strative or ostentatious man. Quite the contrary,
he was reserved, even with his most intimate asso-
ciates, and modest to timidity in the presence of
strangers and public crowds.

"He was a man of many sturdy qualities of head
and heart. According to our conception of his
general character, his highest capacity consisted in



INDIAN WABS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



663



sound common sense, well cultivated by mingling
in the current of private and public life and
strengthened by a judicious course of reading. He
was an eminently just man. No self-interests or
political policy could swerve him from fair treat-
ment and the use of just means, even with his com-
petitors. While he was always apparently calm
and unexcited, he had great force of character, but
he was a man who had such control of himself
that his determination or will could only be dis-
covered by a manifest persistency that at last
made itself fell whenever that force of character
was needed, but he did not permit himself to be
disturbed by small things, over which he never
worried.

" Endowed with a strong mind, with no violent
passions to throw him off of his course and nothing
more attractive than duty, he built himself up by
unceasing application, and with his eye fixed on the
goal of success, he never permitted himself to be
jostled out of his course. He dug and dug hard
and deep for every mental accomplishment and
when he found it he held on to it. "What he knew
he knew thoroughly and he could use all he acquired
to the very best advantage. He gave one the im-
pression of possessing a mental method by which
he labelled useful knowledge and laid it away on a
shelf convenient to be taken down and used at any
emergency.

"John Ireland was a representative American
citizen, illustrating the advantages that a free and
equal form of government affords to every boy
child born under its protecting flag. The public
school system had not been organized in Kentucky
when John Ireland wrung his education out of ad-
verse circumstances. His parents were not able to
educate him and he worked with his hands by day
and studied unaided by teacher or professor by
night to accomplish himself for the profession to
which his ambition directed him. He metaphoric-
ally dug into the ground with his nails and fingers
for all the learning he obtained in his youth, and
he never for a moment flinched from his task.
Bright young men and women swept past him on
gala days and holidays, but he crushed back the
social impulses of his nature and grasped the fleet-
ing hours to weave into the woof of his life some-
thing nobler and better than the passing smiles of
beauty and he passed on and on until he won
honors, representative in the Legislature of his
adopted State, judge of the courts, and Governor,
then it was that beauty and talent came to do him
reverence. He had won the goal, but it was with
scarred feet he stood upon the pedestal of fame.
He got there over rough roads, but he got there.



Any young man of such earnest purpose as he had,
can get there.

"Go to, thou sluggard, drop a flower on his
grave and turn away determined to be a man and
not a mere butterfly of fashion, an honorable and
useful man, a man whom the country in which he
lives would delight to honor and shed a tear on his
grave as this community did yesterday on the grave
of John Ireland."

He died an honored ex-Governor of Texas, an
eminent statesman and a distinguished jurist,
whose name is intimately associated with the
judicial and political history of Texas. He came
to this State in 1853, being then twenty-six years
of age. His arrival was opportune, as the then
newly constituted State was in need of men of his
quality — young men of sterling character, stout
hearts, intellectual endowments and practical zeal.
He was a native of Kentucky, and was born at
Millerstown, on the banks of the Nolyn river, in
Hart County, January 1, 1827. His father, Patrick
Ireland, was a well-to-do farmer, native of Ken-
tucky. His mother, whose maiden name was
Eachel Newton, was born and reared in the same
State.

Governor Ireland's boyhood and early youth
were spent at home on the farm, where he received
such schooling as his home county afforded in those
days. When about eighteen years old, through the
agency of the business men of Munfordsville, Ky.,
he was declared of age by special act of the State
Legislature to enable him to qualify as Constable,
which oflfiee he fllled for several years. He also
held the office of Deputy Sheriff of Hart County.
He was early possessed of an ambition which had
developed into a fixed purpose to achieve an honor-
able place among men. In the performance of his
official duties he acquired a practical knowledge of
process and legal methods which turned his atten-
tion to the law. In 1851 he entered the law offices
of Murray & Wood, of Munfordsville. By studious
application and patient industry he had, in the
space of one year, so thoroughly mastered the
principles of common law, that he was admitted to
practice. The opportunities there offered for
future advancement did not, however, seem to him
promising, and, in casting about for broader fields,
his attention was directed to the Lone Star State,
and he located at Seguin in 1853, as before men-
tioned, and thereafter made that place his unofficial
home. There he entered upon the practice of the
{)rofession in which he afterwards so greatly dis-
tinguished himself. He brought with him to Seguin
naught but a clear head, a well-stored intellect,
honesty and tenacity of purpose, and an irrepressible



664



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



determination to succeed. He drew around him a
large circle of friends and soon built up a lucrative
practice.

Governor Ireland was twice married. His first
wife was Mrs. Faircloth, whose maiden name was
Matilda Wicks. She was a sister of John Wicks,
an extensive planter in Guadalupe County, and of
Col. Moses Wicks, formerly a banker of Memphis,
Tenn. She died in 1856, leaving one daughter,
Matilda, born in Seguin, August 6, 1855, who was
educated at Stauuton, Va., and married E. S.



Carpenter, a prosperous planter and business man
of Seguin, further mention of whom is made else-
where in this volume. Governor Ireland's second
marriage occurred in Fayette County, Texas, and
was to Miss Anna M. Penn. Four children were
born of this union, viz.: Mary F., born in Fayette
County, educated at San Marcos, taking the first
prize for scholarship ; she married J. W. Graves,
a druggist of Seguin, Texas ; Katie Penn, Rosalie
and Alva — all born in Seguin, none of whom
survive their father.



EVAN SHELBY CARPENTER,



SEGUIN,



Is a native of Kentucky, and was born in Lincoln
County, of that State, April 27th, 1843. His
father, William Carpenter, moved from Kentucky
to Guadalupe County, Texas, in 1852, and lived
near Seguin until the close of the war between the
States, and then returned with his family to the old
Kentucky home, Carpenter Station, an historic land-
mark of Lincoln County. In 1874 they returned to
Texas, the father dying in Bandera County, at
seventy-five years of age. Evan Shelby Carpen-
ter's mother was Miss Judith Shelby, a grand-
daughter of Gen. Isaac Shelby, of Revolutionary
fame, and the first Governor of Kentucky, an old
hero whose patriotic public career and romantic
life have furnished subjects for some of the most
thrilling stories of early Kentucky life.

Mr. Carpenter was about nine years of age when
his parents located at Seguin, where he spent his
early youth. Eight years later the great war be-
tween the States burst upon the country and he
joined the Confederate army as a private in Com-
pany B., Carter's Regiment, Twenty-first Texas
Cavalry, and remained continuously in active
service until the close of the conflict. In 1865 he
made a business trip into Mexico, thence to Mis-
souri, Kentucky and Michigan ; but, his health



requiring such a balmy climate as that of Texas, he
located at Seguin in 1870, and has since resided
there.

In October, 1876, Mr. Carpenter married Miss
Matilda, oldest daughter of Governer John and
Mrs. Matilda Wicks Ireland, of Seguin. Mr. Car-
penter is well known as a successful business man.
During Governor Ireland's incumbency of the
gubernatorial office Mr. Carpenter served as his
Private Secretary, and as such made many warm
personal friends. Mrs. Carpenter was also called
upon to assist in the honors of the Governor's
household, for which duties her personal graces and
social accomplishments eminently qualified her.
Mr. Carpenter returned to Seguin at the close of
Governor Ireland's administration, and with Mr.
J. W. Graves, a brother-in-law, entered the drug
business. Since the dissolution of this firm, in
1894, Mr. Carpenter has occupied his time .in at-
tending to his own and Governor Ireland's large
farming and landed interests. Mr. and Mrs. Car-
penter have three children : Patrick, born February
19th, 1880, who, having been adopted by his grand-
father, Governor Ireland, has had his name trans-
posed to Patrick Carpenter Ireland; Emma Lee,
and George Jarvis.



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



665



J. W. GRAVES,



SEGUIN,



A prominent druggist of Texas, is the son of the
Rev. H. A. Graves, one of tbe pioneer ministers of
tlie Lone Star State.

Mr. Graves was born in Nashville, Tenn., in
1857 ; came in early infancy to Texas, and grew
to manhood here and has become fully identified
with Texas interests.

When the war between the States ended it left
Mr. Graves' father, like all Southern men, to face
the reverses of fortune. J. W. Graves was an
ambitious boy. By his own efforts he soon
acquired such a common school education as the
State afforded at that time ; not long thereafter
graduated in pharmacy, acquired the confidence of
the people by his studious habits and business



qualifications, and established himself successfully
in the drug business in Seguin.

In 1881 he married Miss Mollie, second daughter
of Hon. John Ireland, who died in 1891. After
his wife's death Mr. Graves sold his interests in
Seguin and identified himself with a large business
house in New Orleans, for which he traveled
through Texas.

Later he became a stockholder and worker for
the Houston Drug Company, which place he
retained until the death of Governor Ireland, of
whose large estate he was made one of the execu-
tors, and in the interest of which he now spends
most of his time in San Antonio.

Mr. Graves has one child, a bright boy of eleven
years, whose name is Ireland Graves.



JOHN O. DEWEES,



SAN ANTONIO.



John O. Dewees, fpr many years identified with
the history of Southwestern Texas, and a leading
citizen and stockman of that part of the State, was
born in Putnam County, III., where the town of
Greencastle now stands, on the 30th day of De-
cember, 1828. His parents were Thomas and
America Dewees, natives of Kentucky, respectively
of Welsh and English and German and English
descent.

His father was a farmer and stock-raiser, and
died on his farm, near Hallettsville, in Lavaca
County, Texas, in 1864. His mother died at San
Marcos, Hays County, Texas, May 5th, 1889.
Mr. Dewees came to Texas with his parents in
1849. During the war between the States he joined
Company B. , Thirty-second Texas Cavalry, and as
a soldier in the Confederate army participated in
the fight at Blair's Landing and the twenty-five or



thirty severe skirmishes, including the battle of
Yellow Bayou, that marked the retreat of Banks'
army to Lower Louisiana. He has resided in San
Antonio for a number of years past. He has been
engaged in the cattle business from early youth,
and from a small beginning has built up an estate
valued, at a low estimate, from $140,000 to $200,-
000. He is regarded as one of the leading stock-
raisers and financiers in the section of the State in
which he resides.

February 12th, 1873, he was married to Miss
Anna Irvin at the home of her mother in Guadalupe
County. They have one child, a daughter. Miss
Alice A. Dewees. Mr. Dewees is a fit representa-
tive of the men who have done so much toward the
development of the varied resources of South-
western Texas, one of the fairest portions of the
State.



666



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



JOSEPH BLAND,



ORANGE,



Was born in Vermillion Parish, La., June 8, 1832,
and came to Texas in 1835 with his parents, who
settled in what is now Orange County. His father
was a farmer and stock-raiser by occupation, which
he continued until his death.

His mother is still living, and resides in Orange
County, twelve miles west of the town of Orange.

Mr. Joseph Bland went into business for himself
at nineteen years of age, and two years later he
married Miss Martha Ann Thomas, daughter of L.
R. and Annie Thomas, of Orange County.

He is County Surveyor of Orange, and is also
engaged in farming. During the war he served as
Sheriff of the county by election of the people, and



after the war was appointed Sheriff by Governor E.
J. Davis, notwithstanding the fact that he was a well-
known Democrat. He has seven living children,
viz. : Henry W. , Constable of Orange ; Clara, wife
of D. W. Stakes, of Orange ; Flavia, wife of A.
Prajan, of Orange; J. D., Sheriff of Orange;
Maiony, wife of E. C. Hall, of Orange County ;
Margaret, wife of G. S. Russell, of Orange,
and George W., who lives at Johnson's Bayou,
La.

His mother now has eighty-five descendants —
children, grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.
He is a Mason of forty-two years standing, and Las
held the Royal Arch degree since 1863.



WILLIAM R. HAYES,



BEEVILLE.



From the time of the establishment of the first
white settlements in America until the evolution of
conditions that approximate those that have so long
prevailed in Europe, the history of this country pre-
sents an almost unbroken record of romantic inci-
dents, the like of which can never occur in this
prosaic age. The race has not reached, however,
in its destiny a region of cloudless days. There is
many a storm for it yet to weather, but the strug-
gles of the future are to be those of a highlj' devel-
oped industrial and commercial civilization. The
man who has lived through the past half century
and honorably met the responsibilities that dis-
tinguish it from all the other half centuries known
to human history, has had a schooling that no other
man can ever have again, and has a store of mem-
ories that no later soul that shall ever come from
out the infinite can possess though it should abide
upon this ancient earth a thousand years. The sub-
ject of this memoir, Judge William R. Hayes, was
born in 1835 (the 30th day of December), in Hick-
ory County, Mo., and like most young men of tal-
ent, courage, and possessed of a taste for adventure
who grew up in the West sixty years ago, was an
active participant in many stirring events. His



forefathers, on his father's side, came from England
to Virginia about the time of the establishment of
the settlement at Jamestown, and afterwards moved
to and lived in the Carolinas. His great-grand-
mother on his mother's side, named Young, came
from Ireland. In 1846 his father, Joseph Hayes,
sold his farm in Missouri and started for Texas,
but stopped in Sevier County, Ark., until 1854,
when he moved to Medina County, Texas.

The subject of this sketch, desiring to try his
fortunes in the West, in March, 1854, shipped with
Jim Sparks as conductor of a prairie schooner from
Fort Smith to California.

Reaching Salt Lake City late in August, too late
to cross the Sierras, the train went into winter quar-
ters there, and in the spring of 1855 he went with
a portion of Col. Steptoe's government train, via
Fremont's route, to California, and engaged in
raining there until December, 1858. Having made
a trip to Frazier river, in the British possessions, he
then came to San Antonio, via Tehuantepec and
New Orleans. He went to Bee County in April,
1859, bought land, and is living on the same place
now, engaged in farming and stock-raising.

He was married, in 1861, to Miss Amanda Fuller.



INDIAN WABS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



667



He served during the war between the States for
three years, in Col. Hobby's regiment, and then
transferred to Edward's company, Pyron's cav-
alry, just before the close of the war. He was
appointed Treasurer of Bee County, in 1870, and
continued to fill that office, being re-elected, until
April, 1876, when he was elected County Judge,
which office he filled for eight terms until November,
1892.

At the age of eighteen, as previously stated, Mr.
Hayes made a trip to California, and for many
years " roughed it," as he expressed it, in his
younger days chasing buffaloes on the plains, skir-
mishing with the Indians often, and hunting elk in
the mountains near Salt Lake City. He also
worked in the mines in California. During all of
this time he was blessed with remarkable health,
and in these extensive travels on mountain and
plain never missed a guard duty. The same may
be said of his service during the war ; in the three
years he was never on the sick list nor reported
absent without leave. During the eighteen years
and six months he served as County Judge he held
one hundred and sixty-three terms of the Commis-
sioners' Court, and was never absent a day. Of
terms of the County Court during that time there
were one hundred and eighty-five, and he was
absent only one day.

He is a believer in the Christian, or Campbellite
Church.

Mr. Hayes has managed to accumulate a com-
petency, and owns a pleasant home in one of the
fairest parts of the State. He is engaged exten-
sively in raising improved stock, horses and cattle,
and in farming.

He has eight children, to wit: Fannie, Mary,
Horace, Lucy, Homer, Annie, Travis, and Vivian.

Judge Hayes takes an active interest in public
affairs, and has been a conspicuous worker in
every enterprise which has been inaugurated for
the benefit of the section of the State in which he
resides. With J. W. Flournoy he was on a com-
mittee to negotiate for the extension of the Aran-
sas Pass Railroad to Beeville, and closed the trade
with President Lott that resulted in the building of
the road to that point. He contributed $500.00 of
the bonus given to that road, and to the Southern
Pacific $100.00 to build to Beeville. He has been



instrumental also in causing the erection of numer-
ous churches in his county during the past twenty
years, contributing liberally of his means to that
end. Indeed, we may say that his liberality to
schools, churches, and all charitable purposes has
been one of his distinguishing characteristics.

While serving as County Judge and ex-ofHcio
Superintendent of Schools of his county, he took
an active interest in his duties, and each year met
the teachers of the State at the annual meetings of
the State Teachers Association.

When the County Judges' Association was or-
ganized, he was elected Treasurer and served as
such and met with them each year until he retired
from office, having then served longer than any
other County Judge in the State.

He is universally respected by all who know him,



Online LibraryJohn Henry BrownIndian wars and pioneers of Texas → online text (page 117 of 135)