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enduring, freest and happiest governments that it
is possible for human genius to construct and human
patriotism and wisdom sustain. Party, with him,
was merely a necessary means to a desirable end —
good government and constitutional integrity and
freedom — and he combated every movement, ut-
terance, or nomination that promised to impair its
strength or usefulness.

He was devoted to the Democratic flag with a
devotion akin to that of a veteran for his flag. His
was a bold aggressive personality, fitted for times
of storm and struggle.

Comparatively early in his career it was charged
that Hon. Lewis T. Wigfall wrote the editorials for
the Texas Republican, but this piece of malicious
whispering was soon forever silenced, as he and
Wigfall became engaged in a newspaper controversy,
in which Wigfall was placed liors de combat.

He was born in Nashville, Tenn., February 2,
1820, and was educated at St. Joseph's College at
Bardstown, Ky., to which place his parents, Robert
and Sarah Ann Loughery (from the north of Ire-
land) removed during his infancy. At ten years
of age he was left an orphan and not long after
entered a printing office, where he learned the
trade.

News of the revolution in progress in Texas —
the massacres at the Alamo and Goliad and the
victory won at the battle of San Jacinto — fired him



with a desire to j oin the patriot army and strike a blow
for liberty and, although but sixteen years of age, he
went to Cincinnati, Ohio, and there joined a military
company and started with it for Texas. A frail,
delicate lad, he was taken sick en route to New
Orleans and was left in that city, where he remained
a year and a half, and then went to Monroe, La.,
where he remained until 1846, part of the time con-
ducting an influential newspaper, and then again
went to New Orleans. On the 11th of February,
1841, he married, at Monroe, Miss Sarah Jane Bal-
lew, an estimable young lady, the daughter of a
leading pioneer settler in Ouachita parish. In
1847, he removed to Texas and during that year
edited a paper at Jefferson. He spent 1848 in
traveling over the State, often traversing solitudes
of forest and prairie for days together. He said
In after life that some of the most pleasant hours
that he ever spent were in the wilderness in silent
and solitary meditation as he rode along, far from
the haunts of men.

In May, 1849, he and Judge Trenton J. Patillo
established the Texas Republican at Marshall, one
of the most famous newspapers ever published in
Texas, and certainly the most widely influential and
by far the ablest conducted in the State before the
war. The paper was named the Texas Republican
in honor of the party which advocated the adoption
of the American constitution. Judge Patillo sold
his interest to his son, Mr. Frank Patillo, in 1850,
and in 1851 Col. Loughery obtained sole control
of the paper by purchase, and conducted it alone
until August, 1869. The files of the Texas Repub-
lican were purchased a few years since by the State
of Texas, and are now preserved in the archives of
the State Department of Insurance, Statistics and
History. Before the war this paper was the recog-
nized organ of the Democratic party in Texas. It
led the hosts in every contest. The fiery Know-
Nothing campaign of 1855 gave full scope for the
exercise of his varied abilities. The Know-Nothing
party was a secret, oath-bound organization, hostile
to Catholicism and opposed to immigrants from for-
eign lands acquiring right of citizenship in this
country. Largely, if not mainly, through the
efforts of Col. Loughery, a Democratic State Con-
vention was called (the first in the State), assembled,
nominated candidates for State offices, and drew
the Democracy up in regular array to contest the
State with the opposition. He was bitterly opposed
to the methods and tenets of the Know-Nothing
party.

The following incident is illustrative of the temper
of the times. Hon. Pendleton Murrah, afterwards
Governor of the State, was a candidate for Con-



182



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



gress and opened his campaign at Marshall. It
was impossible to estimate the strength of the
Know-Nothing party, as all its proceedings were
held in secret. This strength was greatly underesti-
mated by Murrah and his friends. They believed
that the excitement was of an ephemeral character
and was confined to a few individuals who hoped
to secure office by playing the roles of political
agitators. Mr. Murrah assailed the leaders and
principles of Know-Nothingism with all the vigor
and venom of which he was capable, hoping to give
the American party, so far as his district was con-
cerned, its coup de grace. One of the leading
citizens of the county arose and declared that the
gentlemen who composed the American party had
been insulted, and called upon all members of the
party to follow him from the court room. There
was a moment of breathless expectation, succeeded
by the audience arising well-nigh en masse and
moving toward the door. Soon Mr. Murrah and
two or three friends alone remained. They were
dumbfounded. The scene they had witnessed was
a revelation. They realized that there was no hope
of Democratic success in the district and that the
Know-Nothing party would sweep it. Mr. Murrah
declared his intention to at once withdraw from
the race. At this moment Col. Loughery stepped
up to him and urged him to continue the campaign
and that with increased vigor, saying, among other
things: "If you retire now in the face of the
enemy, your political career will end to-day.
Although defeat is certain, stand up and fight, and
when the Know-Nothing party is condemned by
the sober second thought of the people, you will be
remembered and honored." Mr. Murrah followed
Col. Loughery's advice and was afterwards elected
Governor. The campaign waxed hotter and hotter.
The Texas Republican's philippics, many of them
unsurpassed by any written by the author of
the letters of Junius or uttered by Sheridan or
Burke, fell thicker and faster and party speakers
flew swiftly from point to point haranguing the
multitude, sometimes alone but more often in
fierce joint debate. At last came the fateful day of
election, a day of doom for the Know-Nothing
party (but not for its spirit, for that unfortunately
is still alive) and of victory to the Democracy.

The next momentous epoch in the history of Col.
Loughery was that marked by the secession
movement. As to the right of revolution, it is
necessarily inherent in every people. The time
when it shall be exercised rests alone in their dis-
cretion. The right of secession was of an entirely
different nature. It was in the nature of that right
which a party claims when he withdraws from a



contract, the terms of which have been violated or
the consideration for which has been withdrawn,
and identical with that which nations who are
parties to a treaty of alliance, offensive and de-
fensive, reserve to themselves (although the com-
pact may in its terms provide for a perpetual
union) to consider the treaty annulled when its-
terms are departed from or the connection no longer
continues to be pleasant or profitable. Withdrawal
may, or may not, give offense and lead to a declara-
tion of war. If it does lead to hostilities, the
resulting struggle is one carried on by equals in
which heavy artillery and big battalions will settle
the fate of the quarrel. The question of moral
right must be left to the decision of the public
conscience of the world, or, if that conscience fails
to assert itself at the time, to posterity and the
impartial historians of a later period. At 'one time
in the history of the English race, the trial by
battle was a part of legal procedure by which issues,
both civil and criminal, were judicially determined.
But in course of time men came to see that
skill, strength and courage were the sole factors
that controlled the issue of such contests and that
wrong was as often successful as right. As a
consequence the trial by battle fell gradually into
disuse and at last became extinct and is now only
remembered as a curious custom incident to the
evolution of our system of jurisprudence. What
has been said of the trial by battle may be said
with equal truth of war and the fate of war. The
fact that the Southern States were defeated, con-
sequently, has no bearing upon the question of
their right to secede. The States bound themselves
together to secure certain benefits and to remain so
associated so long as the connection proved desir-
able. He believed that every essential guarantee
contained in the constitution had been grossly vio-
lated and that the Southern States could no longer
either expect peace or security to their rights, or
any benefit whatever by continuing under the same
governmental roof with the States north of Mason
and Dixon's line. He was in favor of a peaceful
withdrawal, if possible.

During the progress of the war Col. Loughery
opposed the passage of the conscript laws and the
invasion of the jurisdiction of civil authority by
military commanders. With all his powers of per-
suasion he sought to keep up the waning hopes of
the people as the months passed on into years.
Knowing that many of the families of Confederate
soldiers then in the field were in need, he inaugu-
rated a movement that resulted in a mass meeting
at the Court House in Marshall, Texas, at which a
committee was appointed to solicit subscriptions of



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



183



money and provisions for the establishment of a
depot of supplies, at which such families could ob-
tain what they needed. He continued to publish
his paper throughout the war, never missing an
issue. The final result of the struggle did not un-
nerve him as it did many other public men, some
of whom, among the number the brilliant and
lamented Pendleton Murrah, fled the country to
find graves in alien lands. Those were dark days
that followed the surrender, and the establishment
of military rule. Some of those who boasted that
they would submit to no Indignities, not only tamely
submitted but went entirely over to the Radicals,
accepted office under them and seemed to delight
in oppressing a defenseless people. This class
found no mercy at his hands. His course was
characterized by eminent good sense and was re-
markable for its fearlessness. Owing to the stand
that he took the iniquities that were perpetrated
fell far short in atrocity to what they would other-
wise have done, as he unhesitatingly not only venti-
lated, but denounced what was going on and his
papers found their way to Washington.

In April, 1867, he started the Jefferson Times
(daily and weekly) and ran it in connection with
his paper at Marshall.

At this time a complete system of oppression and
tyranny prevailed. An army of thieves were sent
into the country, ostensibly to protect the negroes
and to hunt up Confederate cotton and other
alleged Confederate property. The Freedman's
Bureau had its agents in every county. The jails
were full of respectable people, charged with dis-
loyalty or alleged crimes, on the complaints of
mean whites or depraved negroes. Five military
despotisms prevailed in the South. Governors were
deposed, legislatures dispersed at the point of the
bayonet and citizens disfranchised. The press
was silenced and men were afraid to talk, but in
many places they became bolder, until they did not
see actual danger.

Such was the case in Jefferson, in 1869, when a
number of outraged citizens broke into the jail and
shot to death a man named Smith (who had often
threatened to have the town burned) and three
negroes. These killings inflamed the Radicals.
They cared nothing about Smith, whose conduct
was about as offensive to them as to the people,
but they seemed to rejoice at the opportunity this
incident afforded to oppress a people that they
hated. Col. Loughery, with both papers, attacked
the military organization and the military commis-
sion appointed to try these men and others incar-
cerated at Jefferson, charged with alleged crimes.
The commission prevailed for over six months, and



with it a reign of terror. Men talked in bated
whispers. A large number of men left the country
to escape persecution. A stockade was erected on
the west side of town, in'^which were imprisoned
over fltty persons. Martial law prevailed, the writ
of habeas corpus was suspended, and men were
tried by army officers in time of profound peace,
in plain, open violation of jthe constitution. His
position during this period was one of great peril,
as he reported the proceedings of, and boldly
assailed, the commission and its acts from day to
day.

Col. Loughery' s able and intrepid course resulted
in the downfall of the commission, prevented the
arrest of many persons, and the perpetration of many
outrageous acts that otherwise] would have been
committed, and preserved the lives and liberties of
many of those confined in the stockade. With him
at the head of the Times, the military authorities
were compelled to restrain themselves, and think
well before they acted. They ordered him several
times to cease his strictures, but in each instance
he sent back a bold defiance, and the following
morning the Times appeared with editorials in keep-
ing with those of former issues. He had three
newspaper plants and all of his files destroyed by
fire in Jefferson, but notwithstanding these great
losses and heavy expense attendant upon the publi-
cation of a daily newspaper in those days, he con-
ducted the Times until , after which time he

published and edited papers at Galveston and Jef-
ferson, Texas, and Shreveport, La., and from 1877
until 1880, edited the Marshall IferaZd, at Marshall,
Texas, published by Mr. Howard Hamments.
Some of the best work that he ever did was on the
Herald. There was scarcely a paper in the State
that did not quote from the Herald's editorial
columns, and the editors of the State, as if by com-
mon consent, united in referring to him on all
occasions as the " Nestor of the Texas Press."

From a very early period Col. Loughery strongly
advocated the building of a trans-continental rail-
way through Texas to the Pacific ocean, and while
in New Orleans on one occasion was employed by
Col. Faulk, the original projector of what is now the
Texas and Pacific Railway, to write a series of
articles for the Picayune in defense of the corpo-
ration which Col. Faulk had then recently formed.
Later he became one of the stockholders and direct-
ors of the corporation. Throughout his life he felt
an interest in the fortunes of the Texas and Pacific,
and remained an earnest advocate of railway con-
struction. Every worthy enterprise found in him
a staunch and zealous supporter.

In 1887 he was appointed by President Cleveland



184



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



Consul for the United States at Aeapulco, Mexico,
and held the office until December 1st, 1890,
making one of the best officers in the foreign ser-
vice. He was often commended by the State
Department, and his reports were copied by the
leading commercial papers in Europe and America.

Col. Loughery was undoubtedly one of the
finest writers and clearest thinkers that the South
has ever produced, and deserves to rank with
Ritchie, Kendall and Prentice. It has been said
that journalism has greatly improved in recent
years. This is true with regard to the gathering
and dissemination of news, but not true in anj-
other particular.

He was married to Miss Elizabeth M. Bowers
near Nebo, Ky., November 23, 1853. His
widow and four children, Robert W., Jr. (born
of his first marriage), Augusta M., E. H., and
Fannie L. , survive him. He died at his home in
Marshall, Texas, April 26, 1894, and was interred
in the cemetery at that place.

Mrs. E. M. Loughery was born in Christian
County, Kentucky, is the daughter of the late Mr.
and Mrs. W. W. Bowers, is descended from two
of the oldest and most distinguished families of the
" Blue Grass State," was partly educated at Oak-
land Institute, Jackson, Miss., came to Texas
with her uncle. Judge Dudley S. Jennings, and
remained some time afterward with her uncle.
Gen. Thomas J. Jennings, well remembered as
a lawyer, Attorney-general of Texas and citizen of
Nacogdoches, San Augustine and Fort Worth.
Mrs. Loughery is a lady of superior culture and
attainments, and as a writer little inferior to her
talented husband. During the days of the military
commission at Jefferson, when Col. Loughery was
threatened with incarceration in the stockade, it
was understood that in case of his arrest, she was
to assume editorial control of the Times, and con-
tinue its strictures on the despotism that prevailed,
a work, that had it become necessary, she would
have been fully competent to perform. She has
recently written and published in pamphlet form
a memoir of the life, character and services of Col.
Loughery that possesses superior literary merits
and has met with favorable comment in the leading
newspapers in the State.

R. W. Loughery, Jr., was a soldier in the Con-
federate Army during the four years of the war,
carried the last dispatches into Arkansas Post,
fought through the Tennessee and Georgia cam-
paigns, was mentioned at the head of his regiment
for conspicuous gallantry at Chickamauga and fol-
lowed the flag until it was finally furled in North
Carolina. He was a printer on the old Dallas



Herald, and later on its successor, the Dallas News,
until recently, and is still living in Dallas.

Miss Augusta M. Loughery is one of the most
accomplished ladies in Texas. E. H. Loughery
edited newspapers at Jefferson, Texas, Shreve-
port. La., Paris, Texas, Abilene, Texas, and
Marshall, Texas, during the years from 1879 to
1891; edited Daniell's Personnel of the Texas
State Government (published in 1892), Col. John
Henry Brown's two-volume history of Texas, and
the present volume (Indian Wars and Pioneers of
Texas) ; has gotten out numerous special news-
paper editions in Texas, and has done various
writing at sessions of the Texas State legislature
during the past eleven or twelve years. Miss
Fannie L. Loughery is an excellent writer, and a
poetess of great promise.

The following are three of the hundreds of
notices that appeared in Texas papers concerning
him: —

" It is now definitely known that our townsman,
Col. R. W. Loughery, the Nestor of the Texas
press, has been appointed American Consul at
Aeapulco, Mexico. Col. Loughery's reputation as
an able and fearless editor, as an honest and faith-
ful Democrat, is beyond question, and nothing we
might write could possibly add to his well-earned
and well-deserved reputation. If Col. Loughery
had done nothing more, his heroic, but perilous
fight with the military in the days of reconstruction,
when there was at Jefferson a military inquisition,
and the man who opposed it imperiled both life and
liberty, he would deserve the highest praise. As a
staunch, tried and true Democrat of the Jeffersonian
school. Col. Loughery is the peer of any and de-
serves liberal recognition from the party. Texas
owes him a large debt of gratitude and liberal
material recognition for the work he has done in
shaping her political fortunes when it cost much in
peril and sacrifice to defend her rights and auton-
omy against the combined power of Federal
authority and hireling satraps. As a writer
Col. Loughery is clear, incisive, strong, and
few men are better posted in the political
history of our national and Southern State politics,
and few, if any, are better able to defend a Demo-
cratic administration. As a consular representative
of our country in Aeapulco, Mexico, he will bring
to his duties a mind well cultivated and a large
experience in the duties of American citizenship
and an accurate knowledge of the history of our
government. The Colonel will wield a pen able and
ready for any emergency in peace or war — a Dam-
ascus blade that has never yet been sheathed in the
presence of an enemy." — Marshall Messenger.



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



185



" In May, 1872, Col. Loughery was commissioned
consul at Acapulco, Mexico, and at once assumed
the duties of his office. In that city he found a
strong prejudice existing against Americans and
particularly against Texas, the heritage of a bloody
war and his predecessors in office. His geniality
and kind, courteous and business-like manner
soon swept this away, and he succeeded in sup-
planting the strong anti-American sentiment with
admiration and respect for America and Amer-
icans as strong. By untiring efforts he succeeded
in giving his government far more information than
it had ever before been able to obtain from this
portion of the Mexican republic. In fact, when he
was recalled at the expiration of President Cleve-
land's first term the relations between the United
States and this important port and coaling station
were in every way pleasant and the business of
the consulate was in better condition than ever
before."

"The death of Col. Loughery at Marshall,
April 26th, 1894, was received here with deep regret
and profound sorrow, and a pall of gloom hangs
over his old home and around the scenes of his
glorious works and accomplishments during the
dark days of reconstruction. During those trying
times he stood as a champion of civil liberty, and
boldly defended the rights of the people against
usurpation of the powers that were imposing a
tyranny and rule that was abhorred by the civilized
world. The military commission organized in a
time of profound peace, and its inhuman practices,
is a stigma upon the dominant party and a disgrace
to the power that authorized and sanctioned its
outrages. Every means to degrade and oppress
the people were organized and run in conflict and
opposition to the law and order that the best ele-
ment here was anxious to prevail. A reign of
terror was imposed, and our innocent people were
incarcerated in a Bastile, and tried by a mock
tribunal for crimes they never committed, to gratify
a petty tyranny born and nutured in partisan spirit
and sectional hatred. At the beginning of this
stormy period Col. Loughery came to the rescue and
nobly and gallantly wielded the pen and fought for
principles and justice and boldly enunciated a law
and rule to restore common rights and liberty, that
the existing martial law had stultified and sat upon
with impunity. The desired effect was at last
attained, and the commission was dissolved, and the
civil law was permitted to assume its rightful func-
tions and acknowledged superior to the military.
The gratitude of our people for his efforts along
this perilous line is a silent but eloquent tribute



to the memory of Col. Loughery. He has gone to
his reward, and we join the craft in sincere sorrow,
and mourn in common with the family of our
esteemed old friend." — Jefferson JimpUcute.

The following poem was written by Col. Loug-
hery's youngest daughter, Miss Fannie L. Lough-
ery:—

SALEM ALEIKUM.

Peace be to thy sacred dust.

Cares of earth are ended !
Through life's long and weary day

Grief and joy were blended.

Blessed is that perfect rest,

Free from pain and sorrow.
Death's dark night alone can bring

Sleep with no sad morrow.

Memory's holy censer yields

Fragrance sweet, forever.
Home holds ties, to loving hearts,

Parting can not sever.

Kindly words and noble deeds

Give thy life its beauty.
Brave and patient to the last.

Faithful to each duty.

True as steel to every trust,

Thy aims were selfish never.
Good deeds live when thou art gone.

Thy light shines brighter ever.

Good fight fought, and life work o'er.
Friends and loved ones round thee,

Garnered like the full ripe ear,
Length of days had crowned thee.

Slowly faded like a leaf.

Natural is thy slumber.
Thou livest yet in many hearts.

Thy friends no one can number.

Good night, father, last farewell.

Never we'll behold thee.
May the sod rest light on thee.

Gently earth enfold thee.

" Pax vobiscum " (solemn words).

Sadly death bereft us.
Lonely is the hearth and home.

Father, since you left us.

Sheaves of love and peace are thine,

No wrong thou dids't to any.
May thy life's pure earnest zeal

Strength impart to many.



186



INDIAN WABS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



O. C. HARTLEY,



GALVESTON.



r Oliver Cromwell Hartley was born in Bedford
County, Penn., March 31st, 1823, where his ances-
tors, who emigrated from England, settled soon
after the American Eevolution; was educated at



Online LibraryJohn Henry BrownIndian wars and pioneers of Texas → online text (page 35 of 135)