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Kimball, and extended his business to general
merchandise. This connection continued until
1842, when Mr. George W.Kimball and family took
passage to New York on the brig " Cuba " (Capt.
Latham), and were lost at sea in a gale off the

Florida coast. Mr. Kimball had with him cotton
and funds to be invested in the business at Hous-
ton ; but this loss served only to further develop
the energy and courage of the surviving partner,
and the business continued to prosper.

The first cotton received at Houston was in Jan-
uary, 1840, and came from Fort Bend County.
Previous to this the merchants of Columbus and
Brazoria controlled the crop. Cotton was hauled
to market in wagons which were very much delayed
by rains, there being no bridges across streams and
the roads in a miserable condition. That received
at Houston was ferried across the bayou at the
foot of Main street, and later at the foot of Com-
merce and Milam streets where the iron bridge now
stands. The firm of Ennis & Kimball made the
first shipment of cotton from the port of Galves-
ton to that of Boston in 1841, on the schooner
" Brazos " (Capt. Hardy, commander) a new
departure in business noted with much interest and
promising many benefits.

Mr. Ennis was long and prominently connected
with the building of railroads in the State. He
was one of the incorporators and directors of the
Houston and Texas Central, and also of the Great
Northern, until that road was merged into the
International. The city of Ennis, in Ellis County,
was located and named for him while he was in
control of the railroad which passed through it.
While he was mayor of Houston the city built the
Houston Tap Railroad, connecting with the Harris-
burg & San Antonio Railroad, to the construction
of which he gave his personal attention, Mr. Stump
being the civil engineer. He was for some time
general superintendent and comptroller of the
Houston & Texas Central and, later, its financial
agent, with offices in New York, where he resided
for several years, negotiating bonds and purchasing
supplies and material for the road. In 1856 and
1857 he was mayor of Houston, and gave his ser-
vices to the city without remuneration, and con-
tributed very materially to its advancement, and
also to the general welfare of its people by ferreting
out a band of outlaws who for many years had
caused the traders much anxiety and loss, waylay-
ing their negro drivers and appropriating their
goods. A young German was murdered and his
money stolen. Thd crime was supposed to have
been committed by Kuykendall (the leader of this
gang) and his negro. Napoleon. Mr. Ennis con-
tributed more than any one else in time and money
to the pursuit of these and other desperadoes —
and succeeded in having five of them arrested, tried
and sentenced to the penitentiary. They escaped
in 1861 and joined the Confederate army. During



the reign of terror inaugurated by these ruflSans
one of the gang met Mr. Ennis in the street and
introduced himself, thereby giving Mr. Ennis a
decided thrill.

During the war between the States, Mr. Ennis
remained in Texas, importing supplies and export-
ing cotton. In 1864, he went to Havana by way
of Matamoros and there met Gapt. Jack Moore, a
bar pilot of Galveston, whom he sent to New York to
purchase an iron-clad steamer, the " Jeannette," at
an expenditure of $40,000 in gold. He brought
her out to Havana, where he loaded her with muni-
tions of war, consisting of twelve hundred English
Enfield rifles, ten tons of gunpowder, three million
percussion caps, a large lot of shoes and blankets
and other army supplies for the Confederate army,
all of which he turned over to the Confederate

Mr. Ennis was married in 1841, to Miss Jean-
nette Ingals Kimball, a sister of his partner. Miss
Kimball had come to this country with her brother
from Vermont, in October, 1839. She came of
English stock, long settled in New England, and is
related to the Emersons and Ripleys of literary
fame. She was always deeply interested in the
development of her adopted State, and contributed
much to the comfort and happiness of those asso-
ciated with her in this pioneer work by her gentle

and eflScient ministrations in times of sickness and
epidemics which too frequently attend the opening
up of a new country. Her devotion was especially
marked during the fearful epidemics of yellow
fever. She was noted for her cheerful, generous
and unfailing hospitality and, also, for her efficient
co-operation with her husband in the establishment
of churches and schools. Mr. and Mrs. Ennis have
four children living, three daughters and one son.
The eldest daughter married Col. A. H. Belo,
president of the Galveston and Dallas News. The
next is Mrs. Frank Cargill, of Houston, Texas, and
of the youngest daughter is Mrs. C. Lombardi, also
Houston, Texas. The son, Richard, lives in Mexic®.
Mr. Ennis is a man of magnificent physique,
being over six feet in height and now, although
advanced in years, of erect and commanding pres-
ence. His wife is a perfect type of lovely woman-
hood. Although Mr. Ennis has passed his long life
in active business pursuits, in which fortunes have
been at intervals made and lost, his name has
always been unsullied and he has been honored for
fair dealing and blameless rectitude in all his bus-
iness dealings. And now, with the partner of his
youth and old age still by his side, they are spend-
ing the evening of life serenely and happily at their
home in Houston, surrounded by children, grand-
children and friends.



Henry Elmendorf , a prosperous merchant of San
Antonio and mayor of that historic and progressive
city, is a native Texian, born in the town of New
Braunfels, April 7, 1849.

His parents, Charles A. and Amelia Elmendorf,
were born in Prussia. His father emigrated to
America in 1844, and his mother in 1848, and set-
tled in New Braunfels. In the " Old Country" Mr.
Charles A. Elmendorf was engaged in mercantile
pursuits. He changed to farming upon his arrival
in Texas which he followed until about the year
1852, when he moved to San Antonio. Six or seven
years later he embarked in merchandising again
upon his own account as a member of the house of
Theisen and Deutz, dealers in hardware, and con-
tinued in that pursuit until the beginning of the war
between the States, meeting with a liberal degree of

success in his ventures as a result of his talent as a
financier and fine business capacity. He died in
the Alamo City in 1878. His wife still survives
him and is residing there. Henry Elmendorf, the
subject of this biographical notice, attended local
schools until he was fifteen years of age ; then went
to Germany, where he completed his education;
returned home in the fall of 1866, and entered his
father's store as a clerk. After clerking for three
years his father admitted him to a partnership in
the firm of Elmendorf & Co.

In 1873 he was united in marriage to Miss Emilie
Baetz, of San Antonio. Five children have been
born to them. Mr. Elmendorf was elected to the
City Council as Alderman for two years, extending
from the year 1893 to 1895, and served in that
body until September, 1894, when he was elected




Mayor by the Council to fill a vacancy caused by
the death of Mr. George Paschal. February 11,
1895, he was elected by the people to fill that oflSce
by a majority of one thousand votes over Bryan
Callaghan, whom it had been thought it was well-nigh
an impossibility to defeat at the polls. Mr. Elmen-
dorf has been a liberal contributor to and promoter
of every meritorious public movement, and many
important private enterprises. Brilliant, polished.

popular, patriotic, of high abilities and wide busi-
ness experience, San Antonio, one of the largest,
most cosmopolitan and fastest growing of Texas
cities, has a chief executive of which she and the
State at large are justly proud.

With such a man at the head of public affairs,
the city's upward and onward march is sure to
receive an added impetus and the cause of law and
order be jealously and effectively defended.



The following is extracted from a biographical
sketch penned by the late Col. Thomas M. Jack, of
the Galveston bar, a near friend and professional
brother of its subject, and published in the En-
cyclopedia of the New West : —

F. Charles Hume was born in Walker County,
Texas, February 17, 1843, the son of John Hume,
a native of Culpepper County, Va., a planter, who
emigrated to Texas 1839, and resided in Walker
County until his death in 1864.

Mr. Hume received a liberal education. At the
age of eighteen he left his native State, immediately
after the first battle of Manassas, in a company of
volunteers known as Company D., Fifth Texas
Regiment, organized in Virginia, and placed under
command of Col. J. J. Archer, of Maryland. This
regiment, together with the First and Fourth Texas,
at one time the Eighteenth Georgia, and subscr
quently the Third Arkansas, constituted the famous
command known in history as "Hood's Texas
Brigade," of which Gen. Louis T. Wigfall was the
first, and Gen. John B. Hood the second commander.
Its first winter was spent in the snows about Dum-
fries, on the Potomac. He participated in John-
ston's celebrated retreat from the Peninsular, and
entered his first battle at Eltham's Landing (West
Point), near the York river. He was in the battle
of Seven Pines, and shortly afterwards near the
same ground, was wounded in the right leg while
participating in an assault on the enemy's works
led by Capt. D. N. Barziza in command of one
hundred and fifty men chosen for the purpose from
the three Texas regiments. Confined in the hos-
pital at Richmond by his wound until after Mc-
Clellan had been defeated and driven to Harrison's
Landing, he did not rejoin his regiment until the

beginning of the lighter engagements that culmi-
nated in the second battle of Manassas. Seven
flag-bearers of the Fifth Regiment were wounded in
the battle, Mr. Hume being the sixth, receiving a
bullet in the left thigh. He was mentioned in
complimentary terms in the official report of the
battle made by the Colonel of the regiment, J. B.
Robertson, afterwards commander of the brigade.

After the healing of his wound, Mr. Hume re-
joined the army at Culpepper Courthouse, and
participated in the battle of Fredericksburg, late
in 1862. Shortly after this he was promoted from
the ranks to a First Lieutenancy in the Confederate
States army, and assigned to duty on the Peninsula
as Adjutant of the Thirty-second Battalion of
Virginia Cavalry. In this capacity he served until
the battalion, with another, was merged into a regi-
ment, when he was assigned to command a picket
detail of scouts on the lower Peninsula. With this
command Lieut. Hume operated for several months
near Williamsburg, experiencing all the perils of
that peculiar service and becoming familiar with its
ceaseless ambuscades and surprises.

Gen. M. W. Gary, of South Carolina, in 1864,
assumed command of the cavalry in the Penin-
sula, and attached Lieut. Hume to his staff.
Shortly after this a battle was fought at Riddle's
Shop, on the Charles City Road, in which Gen.
Gary engaged troops under Gen. Hancock, the
latter having been sent to threaten Richmond to
cover Grant's crossing to the south side of the
James. In this action Lieut. Hume had the
honor of being assigned on the field to the com-
mand of the Seventh South Carolina Regiment of
Cavalry. The last considerable battle in which he
took part was the engagement of Tilghman's Farm,



on James river, the Confederate commander being
Gen. Gary. Here he received his third and last
wound, having been shot through the body. The
Richmond papers published his name in the dead
list of that action. When sufficiently recovered to
travel he went to Texas on a furlough, reaching there
in October, 1864. Recovering his health he was
requested by Gen. J. G. Walker to inspect troops
and departments about Tyler, which he did. Soon
afterwards he accepted an invitation from Gen. A.
P. Bagbey to serve on his staff in Louisiana, and
remained with that officer as Assistant Adjatant-
General with the rank of Major.

When the great Civil War ended, Maj. Hume
began to prepare in earnest for the important battle
of civil life. He completed his preparations for
the bar, and was admitted to practice by the Dis-
trict Court of Walker County, at Huntsville, in
1865, and followed his calling there for about one
year. From Huntsville he went to Galveston, and
rapidly took rank as an able lawyer. His patient
industry, fidelity and attainments soon gave him
prominence at a bar that has no superior in the
State of Texas. He was admitted to practice in
the Supreme Court in 1866, and in 1877 was enrolled
as an attornej' of the Supreme Court of the United
States at Washington.

Then only twenty-three, in 1866, he was elected

to represent Walker County in the Eleventh Texas
Legislature, and served one term. He was City
Attorney for Galveston for the municipal year of

Maj. Hume was educated at Austin College,
Texas, and subsequently spent a year at the Uni-
versity of Virginia. He has always been a Demo-
crat in his political views, but has not aspired to
position in the world of politics, his ambition being
wholly professional. To his business he has devoted
himself patiently and faithfully. He has no rule
but to do his duty with unfaltering fidelity. Court-
eous, affable and honorable, he is held in the
highest esteem by his professional brethren, who
are best able to judge his merits. Whatever he
does he delights in doing well ; prepares his cases
with great care and study, and is never taken by
surprise. He looks at both sides with a true judi-
cial judgment, and hence is very successful in the
prosecution of his profession. He never descends
to the arts of the pettifogger or charlatan, but
aspires to the highest professional standard.

He would anywhere be recognized as a man of
talent. As a speaker he is argumentative and
logical, sometimes rhetorical and eloquent. His
great reliance is on the merits of his case, and he
appeals rather to the judgment of men than to
their sympathies and passions.



Mr. H. K. Jones, one of the wealthiest and most
influential citizens of Gonzales County, Texas, was
born in Decatur, Lawrence County, Alabama, in
1840 ; came to Texas in 1855 with his parents, Mr.
Tignal Jones and Mrs. Susan Jones («ee Miss
Susan King) who located at San Antonio ; was sent
to the University at Oxford, Mississippi, and was a
student in that institution of learning when war was
declared between the States ; returned to his home
at San Antonio at the beginning of hostilities and
enlisted as a private in Company K., Twenty-fourth
Texas dismounted cavalry, commanded by Col. F.
C. Wilkes ; was afterward elected Lieutenant of his
company ; in December, 1862, was captured, with
the entire brigade, at Arkansas Post, upon the fall
of that fort, and taken first to Camp Chase, near
Columbus, Ohio, and four months later to Fort

Delaware near Philadelphia, where he remained
until exchanged in April, 1863 ; then made his way
to the army at TuUahoma, Tenn., where his old
regiments were reorganized, with Dishler as com-
mander of brigade and Pat Cleburne as commander
of division; was appointed Adjutant, and a month
later Quartermaster of his regiment ; although, as
Quartermaster not expected to take part in engage-
ments, volunteered in several battles, and was
severely wounded at New Hope Church ; May 27th,
1864, was again captured, and in October following
exchanged ; remained in the Confederate hospital
at Fort Valley, Ga., for a month, and then joined
Gen. Hood's army at Decatur, and served under
that commander in the famous Tennessee campaign,
participating as a volunteer, among others, in the
battles of Spring Hill, Franklin and Nashville. On



Hood's retreat Mr. Jones marched bare-footed out
of Tennessee. His feet were so badly wounded by
the rough stones of the turnpike along which the
soldiers trudged that he was compelled to go to the
hospital, where he remained for two weeks, after
which he returned to the army on its way to North
Corolina, and was made Adjutant-general of Gran-
bury's old brigade, commanded at the time by Col.
Cole, of Memphis, Tenn. His command was
ordered into the battle of Bentonville, N. C, but
the Federals broke line and retreated; leaving their
dead and wounded on the field, as this part of the
Confederate force came in sight, and the brigade
was consequently not engaged. Shortly after the
surrender of Johnston's army near Jonesboro,
Granbury's Texas brigade, which enlisted 6,000
strong at the beginning of the war, surrendered
one hundred and thirty-seven guns to Gen. Sher-
man. Thousands had gone in those days after
days of battle, shock and dreadful carnage, to sol-
diers' graves. They rest now in peace in Fame's
great Valhalla. Their memories are enshrined in
loving comrades' hearts. For them

" The muffled drum's sad roll has beat
The soldier's last tattoo,
No more on life's parade shall meet
That brave but fallen few.
On Fame's eternal camping ground
Their silent tents are spread,
And Glory guards with solemn round
The bivouac of the dead.

The Macedonian Phalanx under Alexander, the
Tenth Legion under Csesar and the Old Guard under
the first Napoleon did not display a fortitude and
valor superior to that of this heroic brigade.

Its history was singularly brilliant. After Gran-
bury and Cleburne fell to rise no more upon the
hard contested and blood stained field of Franklin it
maintained the reputation that it had earned under
those leaders undimmed until the Confederate
colors were furled under the shade of the tall pines
of North Carolina, never again to be shaken out to
the breeze and lead brave hearts on to victory or
death. When the last sad act in the drama of war
had been played the battle-scarred survivors of the
brigade separated sadly for their homes, many of
them to meet no more. As a soldier Mr. Jones
sought, like he has in all the other walks of life, to
do his full duty, and as a consequence was respected
and beloved by his comrades in arms.

He says the negro question was undoubtedly the
main issue in the war, that he always regarded
slavery as a moral wrong and that the Southern
people are well rid of the institution, but that it is

deeply to be deplored that it could not have been
abolished without resort to war.

" I have seen more dead men " said he, " on one
battle field than all the negroes in the country were

How short-sighted is human wisdom. "The phi-
losopher Locke and other philanthropic men of his
time conceived the idea of sending agents to Africa
to negotiate with various tribes and buy a number
of prisoners captured in the fierce tribal wars of
extermination then prevailing and carry them to the
plantations in North America. The humane design
of these great men was in the first instance to save
the lives of the unhappy wretches, in the next to
transport them to new scenes, where they could
learn the peaceful art of agriculture and become
civilized, and finally after these ends had been
accomplished to send them back to Africa to civilize
and Christianize that continent. What appears at
the time to be the height of human wisdom is in
reality the height of human folly, and what appears
to be wholly right not infrequently has at its heart
the seeds of radical wrong. What a dismal end
awaited the schemes of those philosophers ! The
slave trade, with its unspeakable atrocities, soon
grew to frightful proportions under the impetus
of New England cupidity. Its foul annals are
familiar to the students of history.

Under the Constitution it was abolished shortly
after the formation of the American Union. The
Constitution recognized, however, the slaves
already in the country as property, and provided
for the recovery of fugitives fleeing from one State
to another. The anti-slavery party precipitated
the war. Through its influence 7 every acquisition
of territory was opposed, citizens of the Southern
States murdered when they attempted to remove
with their property to territories purchased by the
common blood and treasure of the country, the
express provision of the Constitution providing for
the surrender of fugitive^^slaves to their masters
upon demand, nullifled by express statutory enact-
ments in many Northern States, or trampled under
foot by armed mobs, and all manner of bitterness
stirred up until the heartyjhate of one section for
the other culminated in one attempting to peace-
fully sever its connection from the other and live
apart, and a war that has no parallel in ancient or
modern times. It was a direful day when the first
slave was brought ashore upon American soil.
The evils that have followed have been innumerable.
How different would have been the history of the
country if such an event had never taken'place !

The fearful storm of war that swept over this
devoted land from 1861 to 1865 shook the very



foundations of popular government, and they have
never since become firmly settled. The Consti-
tution was warped and twisted until it bears little
semblance to what it was, and constructions have
been made and precedents laid that are full of
danger ^— not immediate, but real for all that, as
under these constructions and precedents a bitter
partisan executive and Congress could do anything
necessary to accomplish their ends, however nefar-

There are graves from the Potomac to the Eio
Grande, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific oceans
filled with the country's brightest and bravest and
best. Mr. Jones truly says all the negroes owned
by the Southern people were not worth such a fear-
ful price. In justice to that people, however, it is
necessary to repeat the statement (and it can be
made truly) that they are not to be held responsible
for the war. It was thrust upon them. Such will
be the verdict of impartial history in after times.

Mr. Jones returned to Texas by way of New
Orleans, on the first steamer run after the war.
E. J. Davis, afterwards Republican Governor of
Texas, was a passenger on the boat. Mr. Jones
landed at Galveston in May, 1865, and found that

nearly all of his father's possessions had been
swept away by the war. He repaired to Victoria,
clerked for a short time in a mercantile establish-
ment at that place, and then engaged in merchan-
dizing at Gonzales, in copartnership with his
father, but the venture proving unsuccessful, soon
embarked in other pursuits.

October 29th, 1867, he was united in marriage
to Miss Mary F. Braches, daughter of Charles and
Sarah A. Braches, of Peach Creek, Gonzales
County, a lady of much refinement and worth, and
settled in the eastern part of the county, near
Peach Creek, at what is now Dilworth Station.

Mrs. Jones is one of the most accomplished and
queenly of our noble Texas ladies, and her palatial
home is the seat of that elegance, refinement and
hospitality that distinguished the South under the
old regime.

Mr. and Mrs. Jones have one child, Anna, wife
of Mr. James B. Kennard, of Gonzales, Texas.

Mr. Jones is a business man of rare discern-
ment and ability, and has met with a large measure
of success in his financial operations. "He is a
member of the Democratic party and of the Royal
Arch degree in Masonry.



Hon. William Clemens, son of Wilhelm and
Wilhemine Clemens, of German ancestry, was born
in Germany on the 8th day of October, 1843. His
father followed the honorable occupation of car-
penter in Germany. His parents emigrated to
Texas in 1849, bringing him with them, and settled
in New Braunfels, Comal County. At the age of
twelve years he suffered an irreparable loss in the
death of his mother, whom he dearly loved. He
passed through youth and into manhood without
her gentle care, but her sainted memory and the
lessons learned at her knee remained with and
cheered him in moments of sadness and trial and
urged him on to be a winner in the battle of life.
He was apprenticed to Hon. John A. Staehely,
who now lives at Darmstadt, Germany. Mr.

Online LibraryJohn Henry BrownIndian wars and pioneers of Texas → online text (page 62 of 135)