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upon which now stands the thriving little town of
Circleville. Mr. and Mrs. McFaddin have six
living children, viz. : James A., who is a prominent
stockman of Victoria ; Sarah, now wife of Michael
Alexander, of Beaumont; W. P. H., a stock raiser
living at Beaumont ; Di, wife of W. C. Averill, of
Beaumont; David H., a stock raiser who lives at
Victoria, and C. W., who lives in Beaumont.

Mrs. McFaddin's parents, Hezekiah and Nancy
(Reames) Williams, of St. Helena Parish, La.,
came to Texas in 1833 and located in Jeffer-
son County, where Mr. Williams engaged in farm-
ing. The Williams family was one of the first three
families that settled in the county. A son, Heze-
kiah Williams, Jr., took part in the battle of San
Jacinto. Mr. and Mrs. Williams have nine chil-
dren, all of whom are dead except three: Mrs.
William McFaddin, Marion and Annie, now the
wife of Nulbar Cropper, of Milam County. Marion,
who lives near Buffalo Gap in Taylor County, was



338



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



a soldier in the Confederate army and served as
such throughout the war between the States.

Mr. Hezekiah Williams died in Williamson County
and is buried there. His wife died in Beaumont,
Texas, and is buried in the family cemetery in
Jefferson County, near that place.

Mr. McFaddin's last military service was in the
Confederate army. He was detailed to secure
beeves for the army, and consequently did not
leave Texas during the war.

When his father came to Liberty County, there
were only three people living in Jefferson County.
As a consequence, the subject of this notice had no
educational advantages and grew to manhood with-



out an opportunity of attending school. Notwith-
standing this drawback, he has been remarkably
successful in his business operations, is now one of
the wealthiest landowners and stock raisers in the
State, and in conversation gives no evidence of the
want of book-learning. He was his parents', only
child when they came to Texas. His father died at
Natchitoches, La., in 1845, and his mother near
Beaumont in 1848, leaving four children, all of
whom, with the exception of Mr. McFaddin, are dead.
It is to be hoped that this worthy old hero of
San Antonio and San Jacinto, beloved and honored
by all who know him, will be spared to his friends,
family and Texas for many years to come.



THE ECKHARDT FAMILY,

YORKTOWN.



Among the early pioneers of Western Texas, the
Eckhardt family should receive prominent mention,
as they have been greatly instrumental in develop-
ing that section and are still among its leading and
most useful citizens. As early as 1843 we find
Charles Eckhardt in business in Indianola, Texas.
Afterwards he and Capt. John York were the
founders of the town of Yorktown, in De Witt
County, the town receiving its name from the latter
gentleman. In May, 1848, Charles Eckhardt con-
tracted witb Peter Metz and John Frank to build
the first house in Yorktown. This was a log house,
twelve by twenty feet, with back room and chim-
ney, and was afterwards occupied by his brother,
Caesar Eckhardt and his family, for whom it was
built. Before this date, in February, 1848, how-
ever, Charles Eckhardt had contracted with John
A. King, also one of the early settlers of Western
Texas, to survey and open a public road from the
town of Victoria to the prospective town of York-
town and thence to the town of New Braunfels.
This contract is still in existence and stipulates
that Charles Eckhardt and his associates in the
scheme were to pay one hundred and fifty dollars
to John A. King for the survey of this road which
was to shorten the distance between Victoria and
New Braunfels twenty miles and to run on the
western side of the Guadalupe river. This road
was for a number of years the main thoroughfare
between these points and is still the principal road
between Victoria and Yorktown. Charles Eckhardt



was one of the business pioneers of Western
Texas. He was engaged in various mercantile
enterprises and was a gentleman of culture, speak-
ing several modern languages. He was a Mexican
War veteran. In 1852 he went to Central America
and died on his return trip and was buried in New
Orleans.

In December, 1849, his brother, Ctesar Eckhardt,
settled in Yorktown with his family. They brought
with them a number of people from Germany and
in a few years many of the sturdy German families
who have since settled in Yorktown and vicinity
followed and soon changed a Western wilderness
into one of the most prosperous settlements of this
great State. Caesar Eckhardt was born August 5th,
1806, in Laasphe, Germany. He received a liberal
education, was a Lieutenant of artillery in the
Prussian army for three years, and afterwards
entered the civil service of the government and
occupied a position as magistrate when he emigrated
to Texas. He married Miss Louise Fisher, in
1833, in Laasphe, Germany, and the family con-
sisted of themselves and their children: Robert,
William, Louise, Emilie, Johanna, Marie, and
Herman, when they emigrated to Texas. Their
youngest child, Mathilde, was born in Texas. Im-
mediately upon their arrival in Texas they engaged
in agricultural and mercantile pursuits and in 1850
laid the foundation for the prosperity of the widely
known firm of C. Eckhardt & Sons. For many
years, both before and during the late war between



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



339



the States and up to the time of his death, he was
most active in building up that section and faithfully
performing his duties as a citizen. On coming to the
country he at once naturalized and became a thor-
ough-going American. He occupied at various
times positions of trust in his county. During the
war he alligned himself with the lost cause and, al-
though too old to join the regular army, organized
a company of minute men, of which he was Captain.
His two oldest sons, however, of whom we
shall speals later, both joined the Confederate army
and served throughout the entire war. After the
vrai- he continued his business. He died on the 28th



death and was active in the discharge of her duties
as such until a year or two ago she became feeble,
when she removed to her oldest daughter, Mrs.
Louise von Roeder, where she died Sunday, April
7th, 1895, surrounded and beloved by her children
and grandchildren. She was interred in the York-
town cemetery with impressive ceremonies ; the
two Yorktown bands playing dirges and sacred airs
during the funeral and the Rev. K. Pocn delivering
a most eloquent and touching funeral oration while
the whole town turned out to pay her their last
tribute of love and respect. Mrs. Eckhardt was a
remarkable woman in many respects. The mother




ROBERT ECKHARDT.



of February, 1868, at his home in Yorktown, highly
respected by his fellow-men. He was a man of
sterling integrity and character ; intelligent, social
(yet frugal and industrious), devoted to his family
and his adopted country. He loved Texas and its
people and appreciated republican institutions and
the great principles of American Democracy, inspir-
ing his children and his neighbors by his upright
living and good example.

After his death his widow, Mrs. Louise Eckhardt,
continued the mercantile business in partnership
with her sons, Robert and William, under the old
firm name of C. Eckhardt & Sons. We here repro-
duce a portion of her obituary, which appeared in
the Cuero Bulletin, shortly after her death: "She
remained a member of the Brm up to the time of her



of eight children whom she reared to be among the
most useful and respected of our citizens, she yet
found time to become the founder and projector of
one of the most extensive and reliable business
concerns in the county. The many obstacles which
she encountered would have baflled'many of the
pioneers of Texas, yet with an indomitable energy,
a restless industry, strong common sense and
unswerving integrity she overcame them all and
lived to see her efforts crowned with success. She
was unselfish to a fault and most charitable and
helpful to her neighbors. She loved the truth and
abhorred and shunned everything which savored of
sham and hypocrisy. A pure and noble woman
has passed to her rest and reward. She died in
her eighty-fourth year, but her son Robert had



340



INDIAN WABS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



preceded her in death and this leaves her son
William, the only surviving member of the old firm,
who continues the large business of G. Eckhardt &
Sons at the old stand."

Robert C. Eckhardt was the oldest child of Csesar
and Louise Eckhardt and was born March 17th,
1836, in Laasphe, Germany, emigrating to Texas
with his parents when he was thirteen years of age.
He assisted them in building up their home and
business and occupied his spare time in improving
his mind by private study and useful reading, thus
growing up to the splendid manhood of the hardy
frontiersman.

At the age of twenty-four he married Miss Caro-
line Kleberg, daughter of Judge Robert Kleberg.
He joined Wood's regiment of Texas cavalry and
served with distinction in the campaign against Gen.
Banks in Louisiana, coming out of the war at its
break-up as Second Lieutenant of his company.
After the war he engaged in mercantile pursuits,
first in Columbus, Texas, and afterwards as a mem-
ber of the firm of C. Eckhardt & Sons, after his
father's death.

His standing in the business community and as a
citizen was among the best. He was the first mayor
of Yorktown and took a leading part in every prom-
inent enterprise in the town and county. He was
a member of Cameron Lodge No. 76 A. F. and A.
M. and other fraternal societies, as well as trustee
of schools, etc. In his intercourse with his fellow-
men he was affable, generous, courteous and most
agreeable and enjoyed a large circle of friends ;
devoted to his family and country, he stood forth
an exemplar as husband, father and citizen. He
died at his home on Monday, February 28th, 1887,
and was buried with Masonic honors by his local
lodge, leaving his widow, eleven children and a
legion of friends and acquaintances to mourn his
loss.

William Eckhardt, son of Cfesar and Louise Eck-
■hardt, was born January 24tb, 1838, in Laasphe,
Germany, and emigrated to Texas, in 1849, with
his parents. He is a self-made man in the full sense
of the term. His early training in the schools of
Germany was followed in his new home in York-
town, Texas, by a course of private study which
consisted chiefly in the reading of useful books,
periodicals and papers. He developed at an early
age a talent for mechanics and applied it in many
useful ways on his father's farm and at the store,
by stocking plows, making all kinds of furniture,
building houses and constructing many other use-
ful contrivances. He was a constant student of all
practical problems which occur and often baffle the
Irontiersman in providing the necessary machinery



for his ranch and farm and by a course of self-train-
ing he managed to solve most, if not all, of them.
For many years, he has been a subscriber and close
reader of the Scientific American and to-day his
judgment on all kinds of machinery is not only
excellent, but is frequently consulted by his neigh-
bors. This practical knowledge of mechanics and
physics led him some years ago to bore for artesian
water, which he obtained without much trouble
along the banks of the creeks in his section and
which, in many places, now furnish an abundance
of fresh water to the people. His practical judg-
ment about all classes of machinery has served to
revolutionize the class of agricultural implements
in use in his neighborhood and beyond it, and he
always carries a large stock of these goods in his
mercantile business, keeping up with the latest
inventions and improvements in all kinds of
machinery. At the breaking out of the late war
he joined the first company of volunteers raised in
DeWitt County for the Confederate service, a
company commanded by Capt. W. R. Friend, of
Clinton. This company was called the DeWitt
Rifles, and contained the flower of the j'oung men
of the county. In January, 1862, however, young
Eckhardt joined the Twenty-fourth Texas Cavalry
and left Texas lor Arkansas, where his company
was dismounted at El Dorado, and placed in com-
mand of Capt. Cupples, brother of the late Dr.
Cupples, of San Antonio, Texas.

Mr. Eckhardt was in the fight at Arkansas Post.
During the battle he narrowly escaped death,
seven of his companions having been killed imme-
diately around him. He was captured on the sur-
render of the Post and held a prisoner at Camp
Butler, near Springfield, 111., where he remained
three months. Here a great many men were lost
from sickness and exposure, more dying from
disease than in battle. Finally he was exchanged
at City Point, Va., in May, 1863, and about two
weeks later his troop was armed to support bat-
teries around Richmond, during the, battle of
Chanceilorsville. He there witnessed the bringing
in of Gen. Stonewall Jackson's body from the
battlefield.

From there Mr. Eckhardt was placed in Gen.
Cleburne's Division, and the first skirmish he was
engaged in was at Bellbuckle, Tenn. The next
skirmish he was in was at Elk River, and the next
on Cumberland Mountain. Then followed the
battle of Chickamauga, in which he participated.
Here he again narrowly escaped being killed, a
grape shot striking him and wounding him severely
and taking off the sole and the heel of his shoe.
His right-hand man, Tom Moore, was killed



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



341



instantly, and his front rank man severely
wounded. Out of forty-five men of his company
reporting for duty, twenty-seven were killed or
wounded. It was here the company lost its cap-
tain, Dashler, who perished on the field. After the
battle of Chickamauga, the Texas troops, including
the company to which Mr. Eckhardt belonged,
were consolidated in Granbury's brigade, with
which it participated in the battle on Missionary
Ridge. Then followed the battle of Ringold. The
next engagement was at Duck Gap, Ga. The next
at Resaca. During the battle last named, the
Federal troops were charging a brigade of Confed-



Eckhardt was taken sick with fever and was placed
in the hospital, in Alabama, for three months, when
he obtained a special pass from Dr. Bryan to travel
with the army, thinking it would improve his health,
which it did in a measure, but, on account of poor
health, he was finally retired from the service at
Cedar Town, Ga. , as an invalid and it was three or
four years after the war before he regained his
health. Mr. Eckhardt retains a souvenir of the war in
the shape of a pocketbook made from the drum head
which was used on the drum in Granbury's brigade.
This drum had been heard by every man in the
brigade and had gone through many battles. He




MRS. CAROLINE ECKHARDT.



erates next to Granbury's. Mr. Eckhardt and
Lieut. Marsh, of Austin, Texas, were anxious to
witness this charge and placed themselves on an
elevation to see it. No sooner had they done so,
than a shot struck Lieut. Marsh and Mr. Eckhardt
caught him as he fell and carried him about fifty yards
to a spot where he was protected from the fire of the
enemy. He, however, died from the effects of the
wound. Mr. Eckhardt's brigade was next engaged
in a skirmish at Calhoun, then at Cashville, and
then in the battle at New Hope Church. In looking
over the latter battle-field the next morning the offi-
cers declared that they had never seen so many men
killed in so small a space, Granbury's brigade,
already much reduced in numbers, lost one hundred
and fifty killed in this fight. After this battle Mr.



made the pocket-book while in camp at Dalton and
greatly prizes it. Well he may, for it now reminds
the veteran Confederate soldier of the many fierce
reveilles, the drum once pealed forth when it called
and rallied the brave Texians to battle and led them
in the charge. Mr. Eckhardt has another memento,
a picture of Gen. Pat. Cleburne, around which
clusters many sacred memories of the long ago.
The following extract is from a Texas paper : —

"Mr. Albert W. McKinney received to-day a
gift that he sets much store by. It is a picture of
Maj.-Gen. Pat. Cleburne, killed charging the Fed-
eral works in the fearful fight at Franklin, Tenn.
Mr. McKinney belonged to Company B., Twenty-
fourth Texas, Granbury's brigade, and was near
Gen. Granbury when he and Gen. Cleburne wer



342



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



killed, almost within a moment of each other. The
picture is a gift of Mr. Wm. Eckhardt, who was of
Company K., in the same regiment with Mr. Mc-
Klnney and who now resides at Yorktown in this
State. It is a life-like likeness and Mr. McKinney
esteems it beyond money or price. Mr. Wm.
Eckhardt possesses Gen. Cleburne's photograph
from which he had made several large photos and
portraits, one he sent to Camp Magruder and
received the following graceful acknowledg-
ment: -:-

" Galveston, Texas, May 18, 1895.

" Mr. Wm. Eckhardt,

" Yorktown, Texas.
" Dear Sir and Comrade : Camp Magruder,
United Confederate Veterans, has directed me to
acknowledge the receipt of the handsome portrait
of Gen. Pat Cleburne, which you sent us and to
convey our hearty thanks t-o you for same. You
can understand better than I can express the feel-
ings with which we look on the likeness of this hero
of many battles, who with A. P. Hill, W. J. Hardee
and others of the same class, did sturdy military
work in all its forms, with comparatively no reward
but a sense of duty well done. Such men were
subordinates throughout the war, yet ihey earned
for their superiors the fame which the latter enjoy.
They were typical representatives of the real South-
ern soldier who fought not for money or for other
wealth, nor for fame, but for principles, and whose
self-denial and self-sacrifice knew no limits in sup-
port of those principles. In the ease of Gen.
Cleburne, patriotism received at Franklin the high-



est offering that man can give and the wail of grief
that then arose from lovers of brave manhood all
over the South has not yet died out. You could
not have done us a greater favor or honor than you
have conferred in providing us with this lasting and
vivid reminder of Southern courage and every good
soldierly quality as personified in Gen. Pat. Cle-
burne ; God bless him.

^ " Sincerely yours,

"P. H. Pott,

"Lieut. Com.
" Camp Magruder.' "

Mr. Wm. Eckhardt has also his honorable dis-
charge from the Confederate military service,
dated October 20th, 1864, thus making up a war
record of which any man may feel proud and which
his posterity will no doubt appreciate as a price-
less heritage, and as a monument to valor and
patriotism more enduring than marble and which
neither death nor time can efface. After returning
from the war Mr. Wm. Eckhardt did the buying
for his father's business which soon became one of
the largest in that section of the country. After
his father's death in 1868, his mother formed a
partnership with her two oldest sons, Eobert and
William, as before stated, under the firm name of
C. Eckhardt & Sons. Mr. William Eckhardt is now
the only surviving partner and carries on a larger
business than ever under the old firm name at the
old stand. He has been very successful in all his
business undertakings.

In 1865 he married Miss Mary Gohmert who has
borne him eight children, five of whom are now living.



X. B. SAUNDERS,

BELTON.



Hon. X. B. Saunders, for many years past a
leading attorney of Central Texas, was born in
Columbia, Maury County, Tenn., in 1831. He is
the second son and the fourth born in a family of
five children, consisting of three sons and two daugh-
ters. His parents were Joel B. Saunders and
Mariam Lewis (Kennedy) Saunders, natives of
Kentucky and Virginia, respectively. John Saun-
ders, his grandfather, married Miss Sarah Grant,
daughter of Gen. William and Mrs. Elizabeth
(Boone) Grant, the latter being the youngest sister



of the famous pioneer, Daniel Boone. His grand-
parents went to Kentucky with Boone. Many of
their descendants are now scattered over Indiana,
Illinois, Missouri and Iowa, and many of them have
attained prominence and occupied important official
positions. The Saunders family are of English
and Scotch descent. His maternal grandfather,
Robert Campbell Kennedy, was born in Augusta
County, Va., and was a son of William and Martha
(Campbell) Kennedy, natives of Scotland.

William Kennedy took part in the Revolutionary



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



343



War, participating in the battle of King's Mountain,
where several members of the family were killed.
He was there under command of Gen. William
Campbell.

Martha Campbell was a Scoth lassie from the
house of Argyle and was born at Ellerslie, the
country seat of Sir William Wallace. Her mother's
maiden name was McGregor. Judge Saunders'
maternal grandmother was, before her marriage,
Miss Esther Edmiston, her parents being Col.
William Edmiston, a revolutionary officer, and
Henrietta (Montgomery) Edmiston. The Ken-
nedys were Virginia planters. His grandfather,
John Saunders, was a planter and stock raiser in
Kentucky and died there at his homestead on the
Licking river.

Joel Boone Saunders, father of the subject of
this memoir, received his education at the University
of Maryland, in Baltimore, after which he practiced
medicine at Millersburg, Bourbon County, Ky.,
and at Fayetteville, Columbia, and Memphis,
Tenn., and still later at Natchez, Miss. After a
short residence at the last named place, his death
occurred there in October, 1833, at the age of
thirty-seven years. He was greatly devoted to his
profession and in fact sacrificed his life to it. His
widow survived him several years, her death occur-
ing March 29, 1846. He was a member of the
Methodist church and she of the Presbyterian.

Their oldest son. Napoleon B., a promising young
lawyer, died in 1858, at Memphis. Joel Boone,
the youngest child, studied law and medicine and
life apparently presented a bright prospect for him,
when war broke out between the States. He en-
tered the Confederate army in Texas in 1861, in
response to his country's call, and served until he
fell severely wounded on the battle-field of Gettys-
burg, from whence he was taken to Alabama, where
he died and was buried before the close of the year
1863. Sarah Grant, the oldest, child became the
wife of Robert Weir and is now a resident of Ger-
mantown, Tenn. The other daughter, Eliza Mar-
garet, married Calvin L. Story, of Lockhart, Texas.
Xenophon Boone Saunders was educated in Jackson
College, Columbia, Tenn., and at Hanover College,
Ind., graduating at the latter institution with the
class of 1849. He read law at Indianapolis, Ind.,
under Smith and Yandes ; finished at Nashville,
Tenn., under the Hon. John Trimble; was ad-
mitted to the bar at Memphis, Tenn., in 1854, and
in 1855 came to Belton, Texas, and began the



practice of his profession. He very soon estab^
lished a large and lucrative practice and became a
prominent figure in public affairs. In I860 be was
elected Mayor of the town. He was opposed to
secession and made a canvass of the district of the
State in which he lived in opposition to the measure.
When, however, it was adopted and Texas withdrew
from the Union, he determined to follow her for-
tunes and entered the Confederate army as Captain
of Company A., Sixteenth Regiment of Texas
Infantry, and was afterwards promoted to Major
of the regiment. He participated in the battles of
Perkin's Landing, MiJlican's Bend, Mansfield,
Pleasant Hill and Jenkins' Ferry, during a large
portion of the time commanding the regiment. He
was paroled atMilliean's in June, 1865.

After the war he returned to Belton and resumed
practice. In 1866 he was a delegate to the State
Constitutional Convention and represented Bell and
Lampasas counties in that body. In 1875 he was
elected Judge of the Fourteenth Judicial District,
composed of the counties of Bell, McLennan and
Falls, which position he resigned in 1877. After
retiring from the bench he formed a copartnership
with A. J. Harris. The firm has since been coun-
sel, on one side or the other, in nearly every case
of importance tried in that section of the State.
Mr. Saunders is also engaged in farming operations
and owns considerable city property. He assisted
in organizing the Belton Compress Company, of
which he was vice-president, and has been an
active promoter of all meritorious enterprises, hav-



Online LibraryJohn Henry BrownIndian wars and pioneers of Texas → online text (page 64 of 135)