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SAN ANTONIO.



Charles Griesenbeck, well known in San Antonio
and Southwestern Texas because of his long connec-
tion with the banking and business interests of the
Alamo city, was born in Prussia, February 9th,
1829 ; attended local schools and took a collegiate
course in his native town ; afterwards accepted a
position as bookkeeper and librarian in a large
publishing house, with which he remained until
twenty years of age, and then, in 1849, came to
Texas, of which he had read so much that his am-
bition had become fired to succeed in a new and
prosperous country. He landed first at Galveston,
pioceeded from that place to New Braunfels, where
he stayed a short time, and then went to Gillespie
County, where he pursued farming for six months.
After leaving Blanco County he went to New Braun-
fels and Seguin, where he filled positions as clerk
and salesman in various stores. From 1856 to 1861



he sold dry goods in San Antonio and then went to
Mexico, where he remained until 1865. In the lat-
ter year he returned to San Antonio, where for
twenty-one years thereafter he kept books for and
acted as cashier of the bank of John Twohig. Dur-
ing the past five years he has been engaged in the
cotton buying and commission business at San
Antonio.

He married twice, having three sons — Louis,
Arthur and Charles F. , by his first marriage ; and
then married Miss Wilhelmine Boekel, of New
York, by whom he has five children — Hugo, Ber-
tha, Baldwin, Emily and Eugene. Mr. Griesen-
beck is a pronounced type of a thorough-going Ger-
man scion of a race that has done so much for the
development of Southwestern and Central Texas,
and a representative citizen of his section as
well.



ERNST BLUMBERG,

NEW BRAUNFELS.



Ernst Blumberg, a well-known pioneer of New
Braunfels, Texas, came to America direct to
Fredericskburg, by way of Galveston, with his
parents in 1845. He soon, in 1846, settled on a
farm near New Braunfels with his father, Carl
Blumberg. Carl Blumberg was born near tJie town
of Kulm, in Prussia. He was an educated man, a
professional tutor, but as a colonist came to the



then new country to engage in agriculture, hoping to
better his fortunes. He located five miles below
New Braunfels, on the Guadalupe river. He brought
with him to this country a wife and eight children :
Ernst, whose name heads this sketch ; Frederick, a
citizen of Seguin, Texas; Julius, who resided at
San Francisco, Cal., until his death in 1893;
Betsy, who married in Texas and died some years



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



497



since ; Henrietta (now Mrs. Rev. Gust of EUey)
and Hulda (now Mrs. Michael Koepsel of Guada-
lupe Valley). Carl Blumberg lived on the farm
until his death, which occurred in 1856 of yellow
fever.

Ernst Blumberg pursued farming in its vari-
ous branches until recently, when he practically
retired from active business pursuits. He con-
tinues, however, to nominally act as the local agent
of the Lone Star Brewing Company. He married,
in 1859, Miss Margaret Zipp. She is a native of



Prussia and a daughter of John Zipp, who was a
New Braunfels pioneer in 1846. The family name
is a familiar one in the.community. Mr. and Mrs.
Blumberg have ten living children: Ernst, Jr.,
Martha, Henry, August, Matilda, William, Lydia,
Ferdinand, Olga, and Pauline.

Emma, a daughter, died some years ago. Mr.
Blumberg made his home permanently in New
Braunfels in 1891. He is a progressive and popu-
lar citizen and one who has done much for his
section and Southwest Texas.



FAYETTE SMITH,

NAVASOTA.



The subject of this sketch was born in Alabama,
January 22, 1832. His father was James W.
Smith, and his mother bore the maiden name of
Angeline D. Stamps. She was a daughter of
Elijah Stamps, of Talledega, Ala. His par-
ents were married in Alabama, and moved
•thence to Texas in February, 1837, his father stop-
ping for a while at San Felipe and the family
joining him in 1837 at Old Washington, on the
Brazos. In 1838, when the seat of government
was changed from Washington to Austin, they
-changed their abode to the latter place, and were
residing there in 1841 when the tragic death of the
father occurred, and the strange and thrilling
episode in the life of the son, the subject of this
sketch, took place. The main incidents connected
with the killing of his father and capture of himself,
as told by Mr. Smith to the writer, are as fol-
lows: —

" It occurred on January 22, 1841, the day I was
nine years old. My father was riding out on horse-
back close to Austin (only a little way from the
houses), and I accompanied him, riding behind.
We were suddenly surprised by five Comanche
Indians, who, coming out of the bushes, opened
fire with bows and arrows and a gun or two.
Almost the first missile, an arrow, struck my father's
left arm, breaking it, and glanced, striking me on
the forehead. The horse wheeled around and gave
a bound or two and became unmanageable. As he
dashed under a tree both my father and myself
were swept off by a limb, and my father was imme-
diately dispatched by the Indians and I was taken
captive. The Indians started at once in a north-



westerly direction, and joined a band of twenty
Indians the first night, with whom we journeyed
several days longer (probably a month), when we
fell in with the main body of the tribe. Our course
was still to the northwest, and after two or three
months of weary travel we came upon some
Mexican traders who, as I afterward learned, were
from Taos, New Mexico, and who could speak a
little English. The Indians sold me to these
Mexicans, and we started for Taos. I asked the
trader the question how far it was to where they
lived. They replied : ' About a hundred years'
travel.' I then asked them if they did not mean
one hundred days, and they said yes. At Taos I
was turned over to a man named John Eowland, an
American, who had married a Mexican woman and
settled at Taos, where he was engaged in trading
with the Mexicans and Indians. I gave Rowland
my mother's name and place of residence, and the
name and residence of my grandfather, Stamps,
but I do not think that he wrote to them, as there
were no mails between Taos and the States.

' ' I remained with him and made myself as useful
as possible awaiting developments. While there
the Santa Fe Expedition arrived, and I remember
seeing some of the members and of hearing about
Texas, but did not get any tidings from any of my
people. My uncle, William Smith, who was living
at Austin at the time of my father's murder and
my capture, soon after joined a party of Tonkaway
Indians and went direct to Santa Fe to effect my
release, supposing that I would be taken there by
the Indians or Mexicans for a ransom. He reached
that place, however, before I did, and went on



498-



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



from there to St. Louis, where he hoped to get
track of me. My mother, as I afterward learned,
left Austin shortly after my father's death, and
returned to Washington. A place was secured for
me by Rowland in the first overland train that
started from Santa Fe to Missouri, and I accom-
panied it to Independence, its destination. My
uncle having gone to St. Louis, I missed him again,
but was put in care of Lewis Jones, at Independ-
ence, who wrote to my mother at Austin and to my
grandfather, Stamps, at Talledega, Ala. , and from
the latter received a reply that he would be on in
a few days for me. As soon as my grandfather
heard of me, he wrote to my mother to come on to
Alabama. He arrived, as promised, and I was
taken by him to his home in Talledega, which we
reached a few days before the arrival of my
mother. I returned to Texas with my mother and,
she having settled at Old Washington, there my
youthful lines were again cast under the single
star of the Eepublic of Texas. I had no more
experience with the Indians, and I do not want
any more, yet I hold no ill-will toward them, as
I think that they have been badly treated and
robbed of a country, the best for their purpose
in the world. They killed both my father and



my grandfather. Smith, near the same place and
date."

Young Smith became a clerk in the store of
Shackelford, Gould & Company, at Washington,
at about the age of seventeen years, and was in
their employ for several years, spending the spring
and summer behind the counter, and the fall and
winter traveling through the Central and Western
parts of the State, collecting for and looking after
the interests of their business.

In 1855 he married Miss Elizabeth A. Gresham,
a daughter of George M. Gresham, of Washington
County, and began business for himself as a mer-
chant and planter. He resided in Washington
County until 1888, when he moved to Navasota,.
Grimes County, where he now lives. During the
Mexican War he was a boy helping the sutler in
Twiggs' regiment, and during the late war was a
volunteer in the Confederate army, De Bray's-
regiment, serving in Texas and Louisiana, up to
the battle of Mansfield, where he was wounded and
disabled from further service. He has never held
an official position and does not care to. He has-
raised a family of two sons and three daughters,
all of whom remain with him, namely : Carrie,
Edith, Rowland, AngelineD., and Roger.



HENRY VOCES, JR.,



BULVERDE,



A successful farmer, was bora December 26,
1840, in Germany, and grew to manhood in Comal
County, where he has since resided. He is a son
of Henry Voges, Sr., the well-known Comal County
pioneer settler. Married June 26, 1868, Miss
Charlotte Langbein, a daughter of Andraes Lang-



bein, of Sisterdale, Kendall County. Mr. and Mrs^
Voges have eleven children: Ida (now Mrs^
August Wehe), Hermann (a prosperous business
man at Bulverde), Emilie (now Mrs. Louis Bart-
tels), Richard, Edmund, Adolph, August, Walter,
Bertha, Emma, and Arthur.



ROBERT A. ALLEN,



HEARNE,



A prominent merchant of Hearne, Robertson
County, was born in Cabarras County, N. C,
in 1840. His parents, Alexander and Serena
(Townsend) Allen, moved to Tennessee when he



was a child and there he was mainly reared. Dur-
ing the war between the States he served first in a
six months company, organized in Searcy, Ark.,
in the spring of 1861, and afterwards, in thfr



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



499



Eighth Arkansas, Army of Tennessee, participating
in the battles of Corinth, Chickamauga and Perry-
ville, and the one hundred days fighting of the
Georgia campaign from Dalton to Atlanta, and then
followed Hood on his return into Tennessee, taking
part in the battles at Franklin and Nashville.
Later he was with Johnston in the last fight at
Bentonville, N. C, and surrendered at Greens-
boro, in that State. He served a great part
of the time as a private, but held the rank of First
Sergeant at the time of the surrender. Although he
served continuously throughout the war he was
never captured or wounded. Mr. Allen's parents
having come to Texas during the war, he came out
immediately after the surrender and settled with
them at Lancaster, in Dallas County. He made a
crop there in 1866 and in the fall of that year went
to Millican, then the terminus of the Houston &
Texas Central Railway, and secured a clerkship ;
remained there a year or so and then went on with
the terminus (o Bryan, at which place he formed a
copartnership with W. R. King, under the Arm
name of Allen &King, and was engaged in business
until 1873, when he moved to Hearne, where he has
since been engaged in merchandizing and is now



the head of the firm of R. A. Allen & Son, dealers
in hardware, furniture and saddlery, and has one
of the ' largest establishments along the line
of the H. & T. C. R. R. between Dallas
and Houston. He has, as a matter of course,
interested himself in some outside enterprises,
taking stock in the Hearne & Brazos Valley Rail-
road. He is public-spirited, broad-minded and
generous with his means. He began without a cent,
a friend paying his way to the State and what he has
represents the results of his own labor. In 1889,
Mr. Allen married Miss, Alice Cyrus, of Bryan,
Texas, a native of the State and a daughter of J.
T. Cyrus, an old Texian. A son, Robert Cyrus
Allen, who is the junior member of the firm of R.
A. Allen & Son, was born of this union. Mr.
Allen had two brothers who came to Texas about
the time he did, namely, William C. Allen, now of
Thurber, this State, and Samuel Allen, who lives at
Dallas. Two other brothers, James and Marshall,
went to California at an early day and still reside
there. His father, Alexander Allen, died at Hearne
in 1890, at the advanced age of eighty-two. His
mother died at Austin in 1885 at the age of seventy-
five.



ROBERT SPENCE,



HEMPSTEAD,



A well-known and successful business man, of
Waller County, is an Englishman by birth ; came to
America in 1836, landing at New York City and
shortly thereafter located near Hamilton, Canada,
where he resided for two years. He heard much of
New Orleans, La., and the year 1838 found him in
that city, where he remained thirteen years as a
bookkeeper in a mercantile house. Ill-health ren-
dered a change of climate and business habits de-
sirable and. he accordingly moved to Illinois and
lived for a time in that State, ten miles east of St.
Louis, Mo., at the town of CoUinsville. From that
time until 1854, he pursued farming near CoUins-
ville and in Louisiana, spending several months of
each year in the city of New Orleans. In 1865 he
came to Texas and located in Houston, where he
clerked and kept books in a store for two years.



Here he met and married Mrs. Isaac Major, a lady
of English birth, who came to America when a child,
in 1850. Mr. and Mrs. Spence moved to Hempstead
in 1867, where he engaged in merchandising, at which
he has since prospered. He is now and has been
for many years one of the most substantial citizens
of that thrifty inland city. By a former marriage
Mr. Spence had one daughter, a devout Roman
Catholic, who became a sister of Charity and died
at Mobile, Ala. Mr. and Mrs. Spence have adopted
and reared two grandchildren, C. M. and W. S.
Close. Mr. Spence was born in Yorkshire, England,
October 9th, 1812. He was one of ten children.
One brother, William, came to Texas in 1840, lived
for several years at Hempstead but finally returned
to the mother country. Mr. Spence some years
since retired from business.



500



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



R. m. BOZMAN,

HEMPSTEAD,



Was born in Hempstead, Texas, August 10, 1869.
His father, Richard Morton Bozman, was born
in the town of Golconda, Polk County, III., and
was a son of Wesley Winfleld Bozman and Cor-
nelia (Pryor) Bozman. Cornelia Pryor was a
daughter of Gen. Pryor, a frontiersman in Illinois
and Iowa in the early days of the settlement of the
Mississippi valley, whose name has been perpetu-
ated in Pryor's Island, a prominent landmark in
the Mississippi river,

Richard Morton Bozman served with distinguished
gallantry in the Federal army during the war
between the States as Adjutant of Company F,
Twenty-ninth Illinois Infantry, and after the close of
that struggle came to Texas in 1865 and settled at
Hempstead, in Waller County, where for many years
he was a prominent farmer, merchant and citizen.

He married Miss Margaret Elizabeth Peebles, a



daughter of the lamented Dr. Richard Rogers
Peebles, one of the most widely known and beloved
of the early pioneers of Texas and a veteran of the
revolutionary war of 1835-6. Dr. Peebles first
settled at the town of Old Washington, in Washing-
ton County. His death occurred at the residence
of Mrs. Richard Morton Bozman (mother of the
subject of this sketch), at Gaylord. Mr. Richard
Morton Bozman died November 19th, 1876, and his
wife. May 10th, 1893, at their home, Gaylord, one
mile south of Hempstead, leaving one child, the
subject of this notice, Mr. R. M. Bozman, who
succeeded to his father's estate and is now a
leading citizen and one of the most considerate
farmers and merchants of Waller County. Mr.
R. M. Bozman married Miss Nina K., daughter
of E. O. Jones, of Hen>pstead. They have one
child, a daughter, Margaret Elizabeth Bozman,



MRS. MARY ELIZABETH DAWSON,

ALLEYTON.



Mrs. Dawson was born December 18, 1843, and
is a native Texian. Her parents were Abraham
and Nancy Alley. Her father was a brother of
Ross Alley, famous in Texas history. Abraham
Alley was married to Miss Nancy Miller, April 26,
1835, and in 1836, when Santa Anna's legions
were sweeping eastward across the country, moved
his family to the'Trinity, where thej' were encamped
when the engagement that won Texian independence
was fought. Mr. Alley and Dauiell Miller, a brother
of Mrs. Alley, left the family on the Trinity,
hurried to the front and took part in the battle of
San Jacinto. After the battle Mr. Alley moved to
Colorado County and settled on the east side of the



river. He died in 1862, respected and esteemed
by all who knew him. His wife, a noble Christian
lady, died in 1893. Mrs. Dawson married Mr. T.
C. Wright, in June, 1863. He died in June, 1874.
In the year 1883 she was united in marriage to Mr.
G. C. Dawson, who died in 1889. Mrs. Dawson has
been blessed with two children: Lula Wright (now
the wife of Dr. G. L. Davidson, of Wharton,
Texas) and William J. Wright, who is now married
and is living with his mother on the old home
place.

Mrs. Dawson has a fine farm and a beauti-
ful cottage home. Here she spends her days in
the loved society of her children and friends.



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



501



CHARLES P. SALTER,

CALVERT,



Was born in Washington County, Ga., March
9th, 1830. Son of Zadoc and Nancy (Gainer)
Salter, both of whom were also natives of Georgia.
Parents died when Charles P. was about fifteen.
He went some three years later to Pike County.
Ala., where he subsequently married a daugh-
ter of James Talbot, in company with whom, in 1852
he came to Texas, stopping in Washington County.
He moved from that county in the fall of 1853 to
Robertson County, where he purchased and settled
on a tract of land about five miles from the
present town of Calvert, in the Brazos bottom,
and opened a farm. He was one of the first set-
tlers in that locality and resided there for thirty
years. Selling this place, he purchased another
and has for the past forty-odd years been identi-
fied with the agricultural interests of Robertson
County, and is now one of the wealthiest
planters of that county. Planting has been
his chief and almost exclusive pursuit,
though at intervals he has had some
mercantile interests and as contractor built



the Houston & Central Railroad from Bryan to
Calvert in 1868. He has also interested himself in
local enterprises, subscribing for stock in banks,
railroads and manufacturing industries, and has,
whenever and wherever occasion offered, stood
ready to help out with his means and personal efforts
every worthy measure. He was elected to the State
Legislature in 1873, from Robertson, Freestone
and Leon counties and served for a time as Alder-
man of the town of Calvert. Was made a Mason
at Old Sterling in Robertson County in the early
50's and is still a member of the order. Is also a
member of the Knights of Honor. Is a Democrat
in State and national politics and independent in
local matters. For his second wife Mr. Salter mar-
ried Miss Bertha Lovett, a native of Alabama and
a daughter of Thomas Lovett, who moved to Texas
in 1863. The issue of this union has been one
daughter, Charlie, now living. He is an active,
energetic, prosperous and popular gentleman of
Irish extraction and is possessed of a large vein of
Irish wit and good humor.



DR. JOHN A. McALPHINE,



WHITE HALL,



Was born in Ansen County, N. C, in 1842,
but was chiefly reared in Alabama, to which State
his parents moved when he was a child. His edu-
cation, begun at Glenville Military Institute,
Alabama, was interrupted by the war of 1861-5. He
entered the Confederate army in 1863 as a member
of the North Carolina Artillery, Webb's Battalion,
with which he served around Richmond and Peters-
burg from the date of his enlistment until the surren-
der as Quartermaster of the battalion. After the war
he went to Bozier Parish, La., whither his father
had in the meantime moved and where he had
died. There young McAlpine tried farming one
year, but, being unable to control negro labor gave
it up and began reading medicine with a view to
qualifying himself for practice. He entered on the
pursuit of his profession in Louisiana but shortly



after came to Texas and settled in Grimes Count}'.
There he took up the practice and has followed it
constantly and successfully since. The Doctor has
also acquired large landed interests in Grimes Coun-
ty and is a successful and extensive planter. He is
regarded as one of the men of solid means of his
county. He represented Grimes County in the
Eighteenth Legislature, being nominated and elected
on the Democrat ticket at a time when the election
of a Democrat was somewhat doubtful on account
of the large negro vote in the county. This was
due to his popularity with all classes and con-
ditions of people in the district. He made a very
acceptable representative, but, much to the regret
of his constituents, declined a second nomina-
tion.

He has always manifested a proper interest in



502



INDIAN WABS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



public affairs and has given his party the benefit
of his services when needed.

In 1873 Dr. McAlpine married Miss Willie Cam-
eron of Grimes County, a native of Louisiana and
daughter of John D. Cameron, who moved to that



county just after the war. Nine children have
been born of this union, to all of whom he has, or
is giving the best educational advantages that money
can secure. He is a firm believer in and friend of
education and religion.



ANDREW ElKEL,



NEW BRAUNFELS,



Came to America in 1843 from Coblentz, Ger-
many. He spent his first year in this country at
New Orleans, and then (1844) joined the German
colony at New Braunfels, Texas. He was a wagon-
maker and wheelwright by trade and an enterpris-
ing and eminently successful business man. He
did a large business in his line at New Braunfels,
employing from time to time thirty to forty work-
men, and turning out a large number of durable
wagons, some of which may still be seen in service
on mountain farms in Central Texas. He continued
in this business until about 1875 and then retired,
and, to occupy his time agreeably, developed a
fruit farm near New Braunfels. April 20, 1847,
he was united in marriage to Miss Barbara Klein, a
daughter of the late Stephen Klein, who came to
Texas in 1845 and was a man of influence in his



day and generation, and whose children became
connected by marriage with several of the promi-
nent pioneer families of Central Texas. Mr. Eikel
died April 8, 1889. Mrs. Eikel survives him and
lives in retirement in New Braunfels. She had
seven children, five sons and two daughters, viz. :
Joseph and Walter, who are grocers in San Antonio ;
Albert and Frederick, who are hardware merchants
in Taylor ; Robert, who is a salesman in the large
wholesale and retail hardware establishment of
Walter Tipps, at Austin ; Bertha, wife of William
Smith, who conducts a blacksmithing and repair
shop at the old stand of Andrew Eikel ; and Anto-
nio, wife of Joseph Whittaker, of Seguin. One
daughter, Annie, died single at Austin in 1882.

The family is one of high moral, social and busi-
ness standing.



Y. GAINES LIPSCOMB,



HEMPSTEAD.



The late lamented Hon. Y. Gaines Lipscomb was
a native of Mobile, Ala., and was born in the year
1824. His father, A. S. Lipscomb, was an eminent
lawyer, at one time Chief Justice of Alabama. His
mother, whose maiden name was Miss Elizabeth
Gaines, was a daughter of Col. Young Gaines.
Chief Justice Lipscomb resigned his seat on the
Supreme Bench and came to Texas in 1842. Y. G.
Lipscomb, the subject of this sketch, was eighteen
years of age when he came to Texas. He received
his schooling chiefly at Bascomb College, in South-
ern Ohio. He started for Texas with others to join
the Somervell expedition, but was taken sick and



delayed on the way and reached Texas too late to
join the forces on the Rio Grande. This he deeply
regretted at the time, but it was really a stroke of
good fortune, as he would probably have taken part
in the fight at Mier and been captured there with
the other Texians, who were afterwards doomed to



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