John Henry Brown.

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re-elected County Attorney for five successive
terms and, finally, declined to again become a can-
didate for the office. In November, 1890, the Dis-
trict Attorney died, and the bar of the Twenty-
second District at once petitioned Governor Eoss
to appoint Mr. Maynard to fill the vacancy. The
petition met with a favorable reception, and he was
tendered and accepted the appointment, and has



since discharged the duties of the office, winning
golden encomiums from the press, his fellow-mem-
bers of the bar and from the people at large, by
whom he is held in high esteem as a man of high
integrity, and a capable, faithful and fearless
public official. Mr. Maynard has twice been
elected to the office of District Attorney of the
Twenty-first District, which is composed of the
counties of Bastrop, Washington, Lee and Burle-
son, and at present holds that position.

He is a Democrat of the strictest sect, a member
of the Methodist Church, and has represented his
home lodge of Odd Fellows in the Grand Lodge for
a number of years.



DAVID McFADDEN,

CRAWFORD.



David McFadden, of Crawford, McLennan
County, was born in Randolph County, Mo., Octo-
ber 14th, 1831 ; a son of Wyatt McFadden, a native
of Kentucky, who came to Missouri at an early day^
settling in Randolph County, where he was a prom-
inent farmer and married Miss Rebecca Hammitt, a
daughter of Pilijah Hammitt, also of Kentucky, and
a pioneer settler of Missouri. Mr. and Mrs. Wyatt
McFadden reared a family of four children, namely :
Jonathan who came to Texas in 1849 and served as
a Stale ranger and also in the Confederate army
during the late war and is now living in Bosque
County ; Catherine, deceased, who married I.
Richardson, of McLennan County ; Sally, who died
in 1864 ; and David, our subject: The father came
to Texas in 1856, settling in_ McLennan County,
where he died in 1876.

The subject of this notice remained in his native
county until 1846, when he enlisted for the Mexi-
can War under Gen. Price. He served through that
struggle and was mustered out at Independence,
Mo., in 1848, after which he returned home. He
participated in the battle of Santa Cruz, took part
in all skirmishes of his command and was never
wounded.

With the earnings received from this service he
came to Texas in 1848, settling first at Austin, and
then at San Antonio. In 1850 and a part of 1851
he was a State ranger and during the latter year he
bought 320 acres of his present farm. He then

31



commenced the improvement of his land, built a
log cabin, and added to his original purchase until
he now owns 695 acres situated on Hog creek,
in the western part of McLennan County. This
log cabin was on the extreme frontier, there not
being a white settler west of him. He had consid-
erable trouble with raiding parties of Indians.

In 1862 Mr. McFadden enlisted in the Confeder-
ate army, served in Arkansas for a time, was dis-
charged and then came home and joined McCord's
frontier regiment. He participated in the Dove
creek fight with the Kickapoo Indians, was in many
skirmishes with the Indians and was at Camp Col-
orado at the time of the surrender. After he
returned home he resumed his farming operations,
erecting a large two-story frame dwelling, and
adding many other conveniences to his place until
he now has a home to be proud of. He has 135
acres of his farm in cultivation. The pasture part
he has always kept well stocked with horses and
cattle. When Mr. McFadden came to this State
his worldly possessions consisted of a horse, saddle
and bridle, and about $200.00 in money, and he can
truly be called a self-made man. He served seven
years as a soldier and defender of his country and
since his residence in McLennan County has taken
an active part in the development of that section of
the State.

Mr. McFadden was united in marriage, July 8th,
1852, to Miss Salena Harris, who was born in



530



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



Randolph County, Mo., August 24, 1835, a daugh-
ter of David Harris, who came to Travis County,
this State, in 1847, and died there in 1849.

Mr. and Mrs. McFadden have had five children,
viz. : Bell, born September 2, 1853, first married
Wm. Ish, and after his death Dr. Boyett, now of
Waco ; Dink, born September 22, 1865, married to T.
Woodmansee, — both are now deceased — of which
union one child, Zo, now survives and resides with
her aunt at Waco ; Aribell, born in 1857, died in
1863 ; Emma, born March 18, 1860, married G. W.



Jones, a farmer of Bosque County ; and Ruva, born
December 8, 1868, married Dr. Thompson, of
Mineral Wells, Palo Pinto County. Mr. McFadden
lost his first wife, October 8, 1893, and he was
married again October 25th, 1894, to Mrs.
M. E. Mevoney, of Crawford, McLennan County,
where they now reside. Mr. McFadden and his wife
are both members of the Missionary Baptist Church.
His first wife was also a member of that church.

He is a staunch Democrat in his political views.
He hates blue coats and brass buttons.



E. S. PETERS,

CALVERT,



Was born in Detroit, Mich., May 2, 1852. His
ancestors came to America as colonists in 1636,
and settled in Connecticut, where his father,
Samuel E. Peters, was born at the town of Litch-
field in 1818. Mr. Samuel E. Peters was an
active, progressive man, a pioneer real estate
dealer at Detroit, Mich., and accumulated a large
property.

The subject of this notice, E. S. Peters, was
educated in the public schools of Detroit ; studied
law in the office of Ward & Palmer for some time,
when, his health failing, he, in 1872, moved to
Texas and lived for a time with relatives at Cor-
sicana.

He was united in marriage in 1879 to Miss Moliie
Hannah, daughter of James S. Hannah, a pioneer
from Alabama, who settled in Robertson County in
1851. Mr. Peters embarked in the hardware bus-
iness at Corsicana in 1879, in partnership with



S. J. T. Johnson, a connection that continued
until 1882, after which Mr. Peters conducted the
business alone until 1885, when he sold it, and
engaged in ranching near Calvert, in which he has
since been eminently successful. His land-hold-
ings are among the largest in the Brazos Valley,
and embrace extensive tracts devoted chiefly to
the cultivation of cotton. He also owns valuable
Interests in Corsicana, Texas, and his native city,
Detroit, Mich.

He is Texas President of the American Cotton
Growers Association, and National Executive Com-
mittee of the Populist party, owner of the Weekly
Citizen Democrat, a well established and influential
newspaper published at Calvert, and has been, and
still is, active in all that pertains to the advance-
ment of his adopted city, county and State.

He has two children, a son and daughter, Eber
and Beulah Peters.



JAMES BIDDLE LANGHAM,



BEAUMONT,



Was born October 9, 1820, four miles from the
town of Summerville, in Fayette County, Tenn.
His parents were Thomas and Wilmuth (Lee)
Langham. His mother died in Jefferson County,
Texas, in November, 1855, and is buried near



Beaumont. His father died in Jefferson County in
1868. His parents came to Texas from Tennessee
in 1836, located at San Augustine, lived there
two years, then moved to Nachitoches, La ; lived
there four years (the mother and four sons);



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



531



removed to Tennessee, where they remained a year
and then again came to Texas. The subject of this
notice, Mr. James B. Langham, then a youth six-
teen years of age, left the family at San Augustine
and went to Montgomery County, where he worked
on a farm for eighteen months, receiving $20.00
per month for his services and talking horses for his
pay. He drove these horses to Beaumont and left
them, with the exception of one that he retained as
a saddle animal, with an uncle living at Grigsby's
Bluff.

He married Miss Sarah Jane Nettles, daughter of
James Nettles, of Jefferson County, Texas, May



T. D. Brooks, proceeded with it to a spot situated
near where the city of Dallas is now situated and
there erected a fort. He was with the company
something over three months.

At the breaking out of the war between the
States, being physically unable for active service in
the Confederate army, he promptly joined the
militia for home protection and was stationed at
Sabine Pass immediately after the capture of the
" Morning Light."

After his marriage Mr. Langham farmed two
years, then moved to Village Creek with his family
and remained there a year, then moved to Leon





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JAMES BIDDLE LANGHAM.



15, 1845, and settled about two miles from Beau-
mont on a tract of one hundred acres of land,
inherited by them from his wife's father, and
opened up a farm on it. They have had nine chil-
dren, seven of whom are living, viz. : Thomas, now
Sheriff of Jefferson County, an oflSce that he has
held for nineteen years ; William, City Marshal of
Beaumont ; Lizzie, wife of Frank Wilson, of Har-
risburg, Texas ; Biddle, a farmer of Orange County,
Texas; Victoria, wife of Charles Wakefield, of
Beaumont; Annie, who died August 20, 1882, at
the age of twenty-two years ; Nora, wife of Alex.
Broussard, of Beaumont; Cora, wife of Eichard
Garrett, of Beaumont, and one child who died in
infancy.

At an early day Mr. Langham joined, at Nacog-
doches', a ranger company, commanded by Capt.



County, and stayed there a year, then moved to New-
ton County, where he rented land and farmed one
year and then moved back to the house in which he
was married in Jefferson County, where all of his
children were born except two. Here he again
went to farming, at the time owning two negroes.
At the beginning of the late war he owned fourteen
slaves, and had acquired three leagues of valuable
land. In April, 1891, Mr. Langham was hurt by a
horse, which caught him by the coat collar and
jerked him backward, breaking his hip. When he
came to Beaumont he endured all of the hardships
incident to a pioneer life in Texas. He has pro-
vided a home for all of his children. He is one of
the well-to-do men of the town. His wife died
February 12, 1875, and is buried in the family
cemetery at the old homestead.



532



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



WILLIAM W. ALLEY,

COLORADO COUNTY.



William W. Alley, a prosperous farmer of Colo-
rado County, Texas, was born in that countj', Janu-
ary 3, 1849. His parents were Abraham and Nancy
Alley. His father and mother's brother, Daniel
Millar, were San Jacinto heroes. The Alleys have
been conspicuous in Texas history for patriotism
and valor. Many of them in the early days fought
for the defense of the frontier homes. John Alley,
an uncle of the subject of this notice, returning from



a scout after hostile Indians, attempted to cross the
Brazos river, then swollen by recent rains, and was
drowned, and another uncle, Tom Alley, was killed
by Indians.

Mr. William W. Alley is a useful and influential
citizen and a wide-awake, progressive and broadly
cultured farmer, one of the leading representative
men of Colorado County.



JOHN R. ALLEY,

NIGH.



John R. Alley, the popular and efficient postmas-
ter at Nigh, Colorado County, Texas, was born June
15, 1846, in that county. He is a son of Abraham
and Nancy Alley, a biographical notice of whom
appears elsewhere in this volume. Mr. Alley mar-
ried first in 1867 and again in 1878. He had two
children by his first wife, Lena and Mack, and five
by his second wife : Florence, Daniel, Peter, Ray,



and Shelly. He was a gallant Confederate soldier
during the war, serving in what was known as Henry
Johnson's Company, a part of Bates' regiment.
Besides being postmaster, Mr. Alley is also a ginner
and miller.

He owns a nice home in Nigh, takes an interest in
all public improvements, and is one of the solid men
of that county.



JOHN HARDAMAN OWEN,

NAVASOTA.



The subject of this sketch was born in Oglethorpe
County, Ga., October 10, 1823, was reared on a
farm in his native county, and after growing up
became a clerk in a mercantile establishment. He
married Miss Elizabeth Grier Fleming, a daughter
of Robert Fleming, at Newman, Ga., in 1845, and
engaged in business in that place. In 1851 he
came to Texas and settled near Piedmont Springs,
in Grimes County. Later he moved to Anderson,
and resided there until 1874, when he moved to
Navasota. He was engaged in various pursuits
and made considerable money, being energetic and



progressive and a man of good business ability an*
sterling integrity. He was never in public life, and
during the late war served only on detail duty, hi&
career being thus purely of a private nature, though
he was public- spirited. Mr. Owen's death occurred
in 1886 and he left surviving a widow and a
number of sons and daughters, most of whom
reside in Texas.

He was esteemed by all for his sterling traits of
character; beloved by many who found him a
friend in time of need, and had the confidence of
the people wherever he lived.



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



533



JOHN B. BARNHILL,

FAYETTE COUNTY.



John B. Barnhill was born in Greenville District,
S. C, December 12tii, 1824; educated in Ten-
nessee and came to Texas in 1877 and settled
near Plum, Fayette Count}', wiiere he engaged in
farming, and two years later married Miss Florence
Bledsoe.

During the war between the States he enlisted
in Company I., Twenty-seventh Tennessee,



and afterwards served with Forest's cavalry and
participated in the battle of Pittsburg Landing,
Brice's Cross-roads, Fort Pillow and other engage-
ments, rising to the rank of First Lieutenant and
conducting himself with commendable gallantry.
He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, a sturdy
Democrat and a leading and influential citizen in
his section.



FREDERICK HAMPE,

NEW BRAUNFELS,



Was born in Hanover, January 5, 1840, and emi-
grated from his native land to New Braunfels,
Texas, with his parents (Mr. and Mrs. Ernest
Hampe) and his brother, August (now deceased),
in 185.5. Frederick and his brother August enlisted
in Company F., Thirty-second Texas Cavalry, Capt.
Edgar Schramme, and fought for the Confederate
cause until the surrender in 1865. Frederick
Hampe enlisted as a private and served as such
until the end of the war. He was offered a com-
mission at various times and declined the honor,
but was finally induced to act as first sergeant of
his company. Even this position was not desired.
His services to the Confederacy were cheerfully
and faithfully rendered until he received an honor-
able discharge at New Braunfels, May 24, 1865,
when the battle-scarred veterans of the South were
at last compelled to stack their arms. October 9,
following, he formally turned over his rifle to Capt.
William Davis, of the Eighteenth New York Cavalry,
acting United States paroling officer, and received
his full reinstatement as a citizen of the United
States. After the war he worked as a salesman in
various establishments in New Braunfels, until 1869,
when he embarked in a modest way in business for
himself. He was appointed Clerk of the District
Court for Comal County, August 4, 1869, by Will-
iam E. Bainridge, Secretary of Civil Affairs, to
succeed Theodore Goldbeck, resigned. In 1873'
he was duly elected Chief Justice (or, as now
styled, County Judge) of Comal County as a



Democrat at a time when the county polled a
Republican majority. He received his certificate
of election from the Republican incumbent, Fred
Goldbeck, but possession of the ofllce was peremp-
torily denied him. During the period of recon-
struction the Republicans held the reins of State,
and in many instances, of county and municipal,
government ; but, when reconstruction was finally
accomplished and the country polled its full voting
strength, the Democratic party in Texas resumed
control. Thus Richard Coke, Democrat, was
elected Goveriior of Texas to succeed E. J. Davis,
Republican, after a bitter fight, in 1873. The
majority was overwhelming, but Davis declined
to surrender the office, because of the alleged
unconstitutionality of the new election laws, which
position, upon appeal, the State Supreme Court
upheld. It was upon this decision that Mr.
Hampe was denied the exercise of the duties of his
oflSoe. Prompt and vigorous legal measures were
taken, however, to enforce the expressed will of the
people of Comal County, and Mr. Hampe was duly
installed as Judge a short time before Governor
Coke took his seat as Governor of Texas. Judge
Hampe was elected for four years, but by the terms
of the subsequently adopted constitution of 1875,
his term as Judge was shortened to two years. He
retired from office at the end of that time. In
1875 he was elected County Assessor and served
until 1884. He has held a commission as Notary
Public under every Governor since 1874. He was



534



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



a member of the New Braunfels City Council soon
after the reconstruction era, when the duties of the
position were arduous, the city being heavily in
debt and its affairs generally unsettled. He has at
all times been a consistent and active Democrat and
has for several years held the chairmanship of the
County Executive Committee of his county.

Mr. Hampe married, in 1865, Miss Jacobine
Wolfshole, a daughter of August Wolfshole, who
came from Nassau, Germany, to Texas, in 1845,
and of whom further mention will be made else-
where in this volume. Mr. and Mrs. Hampe have
seven children: Johanna, wife of Charles Floege,
a merchant of New Braunfels ; Augusta ; Kate, wife
of Gustav Tolle; Lena, wife of C. F. Hoffman,
jeweler, of New Braunfels; Fritz, Alfred, and
Alfrida. The two latter are twins. The unmarried



children live under the old parental vine and fig
tree.

Judge Hampe is esteemed for his good citi-
zenship, for his enterprise and thrift as a busi-
ness man, and for his genial and courtly manners.
August Hampe, a brother of the subject of this
notice, served as a private in the same company as
his brother, Frederick, and after the war returned
home and married. He died in 1882 at thirty-eight
years of age. During his later years he held the
office of City Marshal of New Braunfels. He left
a widow, two daughters and four sons, all now
residing in Comal County. His widow remarried
in 1888. Mr. Hampe has served as a member of
the State Democratic Executive Committee, and
Chairman of the Democratic Executive Committee
of his Senatorial District.



JOHN WEINHEIMER,

FREDERICKSBURG.



Jacob Weinheimer, father of the subject of this
notice, was born in the town of Meunster, Prussia,
in 1797, and emigrated to America in 1845.
Landing with his wife and six children at Gal-
veston in October of that year, he proceeded to
Indianola, where he remained for about fifteen
months, and then, in 1847, moved to Fredericks-
burg, where he and his two sons each received
their allotment of two town lots and ten acres of
land adjoining the town. Jacob Weinheimer died
at Fredericksburg in 1887, aged eighty-nine years,
and his wife at the same place during the same
year, aged eighty-five years. The six children, all
of whom are living, are : George, who lives on a
farm five miles from Fredericksburg ; Antone, who



is a farmer near Fredericksburg; Elizabeth, who is
the wife of John Deitz, and resides near Fredericks-
burg; Sophia, wife of B. Meckel, a citizen of
Fredericksburg; Anna, wife of John Pelsch, a
farmer on Grape Creek, and John Weinheimer, of
Fredericksburg.

John Weinheimer was born in Meunster, Prussia,
March 23, 1833. He was united in marriage to
Miss Anna Merz, daughter of Mr. John Merz, of
Fredericksburg. They have ten children,' viz. :
John, Jacob, Anna, Otto, Mary, Henry, Ida,
Louise, Adolph, and Louis.

Mr. Weinheimer has pursued in a quiet and suc-
cessful way the occupation of a farmer and stock-
raiser. He is esteeemed wherever known.



FRITZ KOCH,

BULVERDE.



Fritz Koch is a son of Charles Koch, of Anhalt,
one of the leading pioneers of Comal County, a
sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this book.

Fritz Koch was born March 21, 1851, in Comal
County, Texas. He married Miss Wilhelmina



Voges, a daughter of Henry Voges, July 18, 1873.
They have five chileren : Emma, Bertha, Frederick,
Bruno, and Annie. Mr. Koch owns an excellent
farm of three hundred and sixty acres and is one
of the most enterprising farmers of Comal County.



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEEBS OF TEXAS.



535



HENRY S. WILLIAMS,

COLUMBUS.



Henry S. Williatns was born in Obion County,
Tenn. , March 10th, 1854 ; came to Johnson County,
Texas, November 1, 1876, and in 1883 moved to
Columbus, in Colorado County, where he has since
resided. May 18th, 1884, he was married to Miss
Mattie Ramsey, of Columbus, and has six children :
Roy, Henry S., Sr., R. Q. Mills, Mattie, John and
Joe. He served an unexpired term as City Marshal
of Columbus and is now a member of the Board of
Aldermen.

He owns a large grocery, grain and feed business



in the town, and a fine farm in the country which he
has let to renters. When Mr. Williams first went
to Columbus he was an entire stranger to the peo-
ple and without money, or even cheering prospects.
He set to work, with a will, however, and conducted
himself in a manner that won for him the friendship
of the best people in the community. He was soon
on the high road to prosperity. He is one of those
bright, stirring, able self-made men who have won
their way to the front in Texas. Mr. Williams is a
member of the Masonic fraternity.



AUGUST KNIBBE,



KENDALIA,



Was born in New Braunfels in 1848. He is a son
of Detrich Knibbe, an early Texas pioneer and the
first settler at Spring Branch, in Comal County. In
1862 the subject of this notice, then fourteen years
of age, left the family at Spring Branch and went
to Curry's Creek, where he ran a flouring mill
until July, 1869, when it was washed away by a
flood.



He was united in marriage, March 25th, 1869, to
Miss Mary Gourley. They have thirteen children :
Donie (a daughter), Mary, Emma, Augusta,
William, Ida, Lafayette, Exer, Ora, Rosa, Felix,
RoUa, and Theodosia. Mr. Knibbe ran a shingle
manufactory from 1869 to 1886, and then embarked
in merchandising at Kendalia, in which he is still
engaged.



OTTO VOGEL,



SMITHSON'S VALLEY.



Otto Vogel, a successful business man, of Smith-
son's Valley, Comal County, has been a resident
of Texas since 1885. He was born in Rhineland,
Germany, February 17, 1863, add came to this
State with his brother, Fritz, now an engineer in
Mexico. He worked for about two years by the
month on a farm and commenced the well-boring



business, which he'has since followed. He mar-
ried, in 1888, Miss Laura Boltom, of Smithson's
Valley. They have three children : Bruno, Fred-
erick, and Otelia. Mr. Vogel is one of the most
enterprising men in Comal County, and by indus-
try and sagacity has become in a brief time inde-
pendent in money and property.



536



INDIAN WARS AND PIONEERS OF TEXAS.



CHARLES KARGER,



COMFORT,



A well-known and prosperous farmer of Comfort,
Kendall County, Texas, was born in the town of
Falkenberg, Province of Schlussing, in North Ger-
many, March 24th, 1845, and came to Texas with
his father and mother (Mr. and Mrs. Karger) and
other members of the family, in 1860. They first
touched Texas soil at Galveston, disembarked at
Indianola a few days later and journeyed overland
in ox teams from that place to San Antonio. They
went almost immediately from San Antonio to Sis-
terdale, where they lived for about a year, and then
moved to Comfort. John Karger was a tanner and
did a prosperous business at his trade at Comfort
during the war between the States. He died in



1864, at forty-eight years of age, leaving a widow,
who survives at seventy-three years of age, and
eight children: Marie, Charles, Frederica (widow
of Fritz Dietert), Paul, Emil, Fritz, August and
Ernst, all living.

Charles Karger married Miss Alvina Weber, a
daughter of Henry Weber, of Comfort. They have
three daughters and two sons, viz. : Ida, Bertha,
Helen, Louis, and Adolf.

Mr. Karger has a good farm of seven hundred
and seventy-five acres.

He has served several years as Deputy Sheriff of
his county and Deputy Postmaster at Comfortf and
has held several mail contracts.



AUGUST PIEPER,

BULVERDE,



Is one of the original settlers of Comal County.



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